Preamble: The purpose of this course is to provide the basic concepts and

methodologies for Digital Image Processing in three different levels. At the lowest
level, the course introduces the terminology of image processing, how digital
images are generated, how the data is stored, some of the different formats
(bmp, gif, tiff, jpeg, etc) and the algorithms deal directly with the raw pixel
values. In the middle level, it addresses how the algorithm utilizes low level
results for the processes such as segmentation and edge linking. At highest level,
it addresses how the algorithm attempts to extract the semantic information from
those provided by the lower levels for classification and recognition.
Program Outcomes addressed
a. Graduates will demonstrate knowledge of mathematics, science and
engineering.
b. Graduates will demonstrate an ability to identify, formulate and solve
engineering problems.
f. Graduate will demonstrate skills to use modern engineering tools, softwares
and equipment to analyze problems.

Competencies: At the end of the course the student should be able to

1. Describe image acquisition, sampling and quantization
2. Understand different types of image transforms and their properties
3. Enhance and restore images in spatial as well as frequency domains
4. Segment given images in terms of edge, threshold and region.
5. Apply morphological operations like dilation, erosion, opening and closing ongiven images.
6. Represent, recognize and classify objects from the given images.
















IMAGES

acquired
by

Image
reconstructi
on done by

are

Digitized
by

Formed
through

Degraded
by

using

Enhancement
Sampling and
Quantization
Fourier
DFT, FFT,
Haar
transform,
KLT, DCT.
Communic
ation using

Transforme
d by

Processed
for

Spatial
Domai
n
Frequency
Domain
Gray Level Transformation
Histogram Processing
Smoothing Filters
Sharpening Filters

Smoothing Filters
Sharpening Filters
JPEG, MPEGs
and H.26x
standards,
packet video,

Texture

X-Ray Computed
Tomography

 Projections
Parallel beam Back
projections Fan beam
projection
 Radon transform
 Fourier-slice theorem,
CBP and FBP methods,
ART,
Analysed by
Statistical Approaches
Hough Transform,
boundary detection, chain
coding and segmentation,
thresholding methods.
Segmentation
 Hough Transform &
Chain codes
 Boundary detection
 Thresholding
Applications are
Edge Detection
Done by