TOPIC : FRICTION
PART  I
1. As m would slip in vertically downward direction, then mg = !N
" mg = !N
# N =
5 . 0
100 mg
$
!
= 200 Newton
Same normal force would accelerate M, thus a
M
=
50
200
= 4 m/s
2
Taking (m + M) as system
F = (m + M). 4 = 240 N
2. Limiting friction between A & B = 90 N
Limiting friction between B & C = 80 N
Limiting friction between C & ground = 60 N
Since limiting friction is least between C and ground, slipping will occur at first between C and ground. This
will occur when F = 60 N.
3. (i)
//////////////////////
2kg F=50N
= 0.3
2
= 0.5
1
B
A
3kg
f =0.5102=10N
BA
f =
0.3510=15N
BG
3kg
! f
BA
< f
BG
Hence, B will remain at rest. so a
B
= 0
(ii)
a =
3
25 50 %
=
3
25
4. F.B.D. of man and plank are
For plank be at rest, applying Newton's second
law to plank along the incline
Mg sin & = f .............(1)
and applying Newtons second law to man along the incline.
mg sin & + f = ma .............(2)
a = g sin &
'
(
)
*
+
,

m
M
1
down the incline
Alternate Solution :
If the friction force is taken up the incline on man, then application of Newtons second law to man and
plank along incline yields.
f + Mg sin & = 0 ..........(1)
mg sin & f = ma ..........(2)
Solving (1) and (2)
a = g sin &
'
(
)
*
+
,

m
M
1
down the incline
PHYSICS SOLUTIONS
ADVANCE LEVEL PROBLEMS
TARGET : JEE (IITS)
RESONANCE FRICTION  2
Alternate Solution :
Application of Newtons seconds law to system of man + plank along the incline yields
mg sin & + Mg sin & = ma
a = g sin &
'
(
)
*
+
,

m
M
1
down the incline
5. The person applying more frictional force on ground will win because friction is resisting the slipping.
6. Let the value of a be increased from zero. As long as a . !g, there shall be no relative motion between
m
1
or m
2
and platform, that is, m
1
and m
2
shall move with acceleration a.
As a > !g the acceleration of m
1
and m
2
shall become !g each.
Hence at all instants the velocity of m
1
and m
2
shall be same
" The spring shall always remain in natural length.
7. Case !
Since, no relative motion
F
f
is friction between A and B
a =
5
F F
1 /
%
=
3
F
/
# F
1 (max)
=
3
8
F
/
Case !!
a =
3
F F
5
F
2 / /
%
$ # F
2 (max)
=
5
8
F
/
Clearly ; F
1 (max)
> F
2 (max)
and
3
5
F
F
(max) 2
(max) 1
$
8.* Block is moving upwards due to friction
f
r
mg sin 30 = ma
# f
r
1 10
2
1
= 1 1
# f
r
= 6 N
Contact force is the resultant of N and f
r
30
mgsin30
N
f
r
1kg
=
2
r
2
f N 
=
2 2
) 6 ( ) 30 cos mg ( 
= 10.5 N
9.*_ Suppose blocks A and B move together. Applying NLM on C, A + B, and D
60 T = 6a
T 18 T' = 9a
T' 10 = 1a
Solving a = 2 m/s
2
To check slipping between A and B, we have to find friction force in this case. If it is less than limiting
static friction, then there will be no slipping between A and B.
Applying NLM on A.
T f = 6(2)
as T = 48 N
f = 36 N
and f
s
= 42 N hence A and B move together.
and T' = 12 N.
RESONANCE FRICTION  3
PART  II
1. for uppermost block a
max.
= 1 m/s
2
for lowermost block a
max
=
4
) 16 24 ( %
= 2 m/s
2
Hence sliding between middle and lower block will start only after sliding between middle and upper
block has already started.
for middle block F 18 = 6 2 # F = 30 N
2. Case  ! : For the lower block
a
max
=
2
2
= 1m/s
2
//////////////////////
1kg
2kg
F = 6N = 0.2
1
= 0
2
B
A
and common possible acceleration
=
) 2 1 (
6

= 2 m/s
2 2kg
0.2110 = 2N
Hence, blocks move with different accelerations.
a
A
=
1
2 6
= 4 m/s
2
A 6N
2N
a
B
=
2
2
= 1 m/s
2
B
2N
Case !!
When the force is acting on the lower block
maximum possible acceleration of A
//////////////////////
1kg
F = 6N
= 0.2
1
= 0
2
B
A
2kg
=
1
2
= 2 m/s
2
and common acceleration of the two blocks =
) 2 1 (
6

= 2 m/s
2
Hence, both blocks move with common acceleration of a
A
= a
B
= 2 m/s
2
3. Step ! : When the body is moving up on the inclined plane (shown in fig. A)
Here N = mg cos &
The acceleration of the body is
a
1
= '
(
)
*
+
, !  &
m
N sin mg
= (g sin & + !g cos &)
Let body is projected with speed 0
0
along the inclined plane (along the xaxis). After time t, body
reaches at point P (0 = 0) (as shown in fig.B).
Let OP = s
s =
'
(
)
*
+
, 0  0
2
0
t
1
=
2
0
0
t
1
a
1
=
1
0
t
0 0
# 0
0
= a
1
t
1
# s =
2
t a
2
1
1
RESONANCE FRICTION  4
# t
1
=
1
a
s 2
Fig. B
=
& !  & cos g sin g
s 2
..........(1)
Step !! : When the body starts to return from point P, the acceleration is
a
2
=
m
cos mg sin mg & ! &
(In fig.C)
= g sin & !g cos &
# s =
2
1
a
2
t
2
2
O
Fig. D
s
t
2
# t
2
=
2
a
s 2
=
& ! & cos g sin g
s 2
....(ii)
According to the problem,
t
2
= 2t
1
,
Putting the value of t
1
and t
2
from equations (i) and (ii), we get
! =
3
3
4
5
6
6
7
8
 2
2
) 1 (
) 1 (
2
2
tan & = 0.16
4. For checking the direction of friction, let us assume there is no friction. Then net force acting
on the system along the string in vertically downward direction is given by
m
2
g m
1
g sin & = (m
1
+ m
2
) a
2m
1
g m
1
g/2 = (m
1
+ 2m
1
)a
a = g
1
2
1
 2
% 2
# a > 0.
So the friction will act down the incline FBD of m
1
gives :
T f m
1
g sin & = m
1
a. # T k m
1
g cos & m
1
g sing & = m
1
a (i)
# FBD of m
2
m
2
g T = m
2
a (ii)
from (i) and (ii)
a =
) 1 (
) cos k sin ( g
 2
& & 2
a
m
2
T
m g
2
Putting 2 =
3
2
, & = 30 and k = 0.1
a = 0.05 g (downward for m
2
)
RESONANCE FRICTION  5
5. Acceleration of mass at distance x
a = g(sin9 !
0
x cos9)
Speed is maximum, when a = 0
g(sin9 !
0
x cos9) = 0 x =
0
tan
!
9
6. The acceleration of block is
w =
m
cos mg k sin mg & &
or w = g sin & kg cos &
Let AB = s # cos & =
s
"
# s = " sec &
# According to kinematics equation
s =
2
1
wt
2
# t =
w
s 2
=
& &
&
cos kg sin g
sec 2"
or t
2
=
: ; & &
&
cos k sin g
sec 2"
=
) cos k cos (sin g
2
2
& % & &
"
For being t minimum
sin & cos & k cos
2
& is maximum
& d
d
(sin & cos & k cos
2
&) = 0
cos
2
& sin
2
& + 2k cos & sin & = 0
cos 2& + k sin 2& = 0
tan 2& =
k
1 %
# & =
2
1
tan
1
'
(
)
*
+
,
k
1