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# RESONANCE FRICTION - 1

TOPIC : FRICTION
PART - I
1. As m would slip in vertically downward direction, then mg = !N
" mg = !N
# N =
5 . 0
100 mg
\$
!
= 200 Newton
Same normal force would accelerate M, thus a
M
=
50
200
= 4 m/s
2
Taking (m + M) as system
F = (m + M). 4 = 240 N
2. Limiting friction between A & B = 90 N
Limiting friction between B & C = 80 N
Limiting friction between C & ground = 60 N
Since limiting friction is least between C and ground, slipping will occur at first between C and ground. This
will occur when F = 60 N.
3. (i)
//////////////////////
2kg F=50N
= 0.3
2
= 0.5
1
B
A
3kg
f =0.5102=10N
BA
f =
0.3510=15N
BG
3kg
! f
BA
< f
BG
Hence, B will remain at rest. so a
B
= 0
(ii)
a =
3
25 50 %
=
3
25
4. F.B.D. of man and plank are
For plank be at rest, applying Newton's second
law to plank along the incline
Mg sin & = f .............(1)
and applying Newtons second law to man along the incline.
mg sin & + f = ma .............(2)
a = g sin &
'
(
)
*
+
,
-
m
M
1
down the incline
Alternate Solution :
If the friction force is taken up the incline on man, then application of Newtons second law to man and
plank along incline yields.
f + Mg sin & = 0 ..........(1)
mg sin & f = ma ..........(2)
Solving (1) and (2)
a = g sin &
'
(
)
*
+
,
-
m
M
1
down the incline
PHYSICS SOLUTIONS
ADVANCE LEVEL PROBLEMS
TARGET : JEE (IITS)
RESONANCE FRICTION - 2
Alternate Solution :
Application of Newtons seconds law to system of man + plank along the incline yields
mg sin & + Mg sin & = ma
a = g sin &
'
(
)
*
+
,
-
m
M
1
down the incline
5. The person applying more frictional force on ground will win because friction is resisting the slipping.
6. Let the value of a be increased from zero. As long as a . !g, there shall be no relative motion between
m
1
or m
2
and platform, that is, m
1
and m
2
shall move with acceleration a.
As a > !g the acceleration of m
1
and m
2
shall become !g each.
Hence at all instants the velocity of m
1
and m
2
shall be same
" The spring shall always remain in natural length.
7. Case !
Since, no relative motion
F
f
is friction between A and B
a =
5
F F
1 /
%
=
3
F
/
# F
1 (max)
=
3
8
F
/
Case !!
a =
3
F F
5
F
2 / /
%
\$ # F
2 (max)
=
5
8
F
/
Clearly ; F
1 (max)
> F
2 (max)
and
3
5
F
F
(max) 2
(max) 1
\$
8.* Block is moving upwards due to friction
f
r
mg sin 30 = ma
# f
r
1 10
2
1
= 1 1
# f
r
= 6 N
Contact force is the resultant of N and f
r
30
mgsin30
N
f
r
1kg
=
2
r
2
f N -
=
2 2
) 6 ( ) 30 cos mg ( -
= 10.5 N
9.*_ Suppose blocks A and B move together. Applying NLM on C, A + B, and D
60 T = 6a
T 18 T' = 9a
T' 10 = 1a
Solving a = 2 m/s
2
To check slipping between A and B, we have to find friction force in this case. If it is less than limiting
static friction, then there will be no slipping between A and B.
Applying NLM on A.
T f = 6(2)
as T = 48 N
f = 36 N
and f
s
= 42 N hence A and B move together.
and T' = 12 N.
RESONANCE FRICTION - 3
PART - II
1. for uppermost block a
max.
= 1 m/s
2
for lowermost block a
max
=
4
) 16 24 ( %
= 2 m/s
2
Hence sliding between middle and lower block will start only after sliding between middle and upper
block has already started.
for middle block F 18 = 6 2 # F = 30 N
2. Case - ! : For the lower block
a
max
=
2
2
= 1m/s
2
//////////////////////
1kg
2kg
F = 6N = 0.2
1
= 0
2
B
A
and common possible acceleration
=
) 2 1 (
6
-
= 2 m/s
2 2kg
0.2110 = 2N
Hence, blocks move with different accelerations.
a
A
=
1
2 6
= 4 m/s
2
A 6N
2N
a
B
=
2
2
= 1 m/s
2

B
2N
Case !!
When the force is acting on the lower block
maximum possible acceleration of A
//////////////////////
1kg
F = 6N
= 0.2
1
= 0
2
B
A
2kg
=
1
2
= 2 m/s
2
and common acceleration of the two blocks =
) 2 1 (
6
-
= 2 m/s
2
Hence, both blocks move with common acceleration of a
A
= a
B
= 2 m/s
2
3. Step ! : When the body is moving up on the inclined plane (shown in fig. A)
Here N = mg cos &
The acceleration of the body is
a
1
= '
(
)
*
+
, ! - &
m
N sin mg
= (g sin & + !g cos &)
Let body is projected with speed 0
0
along the inclined plane (along the x-axis). After time t, body
reaches at point P (0 = 0) (as shown in fig.B).
Let OP = s
s =
'
(
)
*
+
, 0 - 0
2
0
t
1
=
2
0
0
t
1
a
1
=
1
0
t
0 0
# 0
0
= a
1
t
1
# s =
2
t a
2
1
1
RESONANCE FRICTION - 4
# t
1
=
1
a
s 2

Fig. B
=
& ! - & cos g sin g
s 2
..........(1)
Step !! : When the body starts to return from point P, the acceleration is
a
2
=
m
cos mg sin mg & ! &
(In fig.C)
= g sin & !g cos &
# s =
2
1
a
2
t
2
2
O
Fig. D
s
t
2
# t
2
=
2
a
s 2
=
& ! & cos g sin g
s 2
....(ii)
According to the problem,
t
2
= 2t
1
,
Putting the value of t
1
and t
2
from equations (i) and (ii), we get
! =
3
3
4
5
6
6
7
8
- 2
2
) 1 (
) 1 (
2
2
tan & = 0.16
4. For checking the direction of friction, let us assume there is no friction. Then net force acting
on the system along the string in vertically downward direction is given by
m
2
g m
1
g sin & = (m
1
+ m
2
) a
2m
1
g m
1
g/2 = (m
1
+ 2m
1
)a
a = g
1
2
1
- 2
% 2
# a > 0.
So the friction will act down the incline FBD of m
1
gives :
T f m
1
g sin & = m
1
a. # T k m
1
g cos & m
1
g sing & = m
1
a (i)
# FBD of m
2
m
2
g T = m
2
a (ii)
from (i) and (ii)
a =
) 1 (
) cos k sin ( g
- 2
& & 2
a
m
2
T
m g
2
Putting 2 =
3
2
, & = 30 and k = 0.1
a = 0.05 g (downward for m
2
)
RESONANCE FRICTION - 5
5. Acceleration of mass at distance x
a = g(sin9 !
0
x cos9)
Speed is maximum, when a = 0
g(sin9 !
0
x cos9) = 0 x =
0
tan
!
9
6. The acceleration of block is
w =
m
cos mg k sin mg & &
or w = g sin & kg cos &
Let AB = s # cos & =
s
"
# s = " sec &
# According to kinematics equation
s =
2
1
wt
2
# t =
w
s 2
=
& &
&
cos kg sin g
sec 2"
or t
2
=
: ; & &
&
cos k sin g
sec 2"
=
) cos k cos (sin g
2
2
& % & &
"
For being t minimum
sin & cos & k cos
2
& is maximum
& d
d
(sin & cos & k cos
2
&) = 0
cos
2
& sin
2
& + 2k cos & sin & = 0
cos 2& + k sin 2& = 0
tan 2& =
k
1 %
# & =
2
1
tan
1

'
(
)
*
+
,
k
1

## After putting the values , & = 49

7. For limiting friction
N + T sin < = mg cos &
# N = mg cos & T sin < (i)
and, Tcos < = mg sin & + f
= mg sin & + k (mg cos & T sin <)
(from (i))
# T (cos < + k sin <) = mg sin & + k mg cos &
# T =
) sin k (cos
) cos k (sin mg
< - <
& - &
for minimum T , cos < + k sin < should be maximum
Let y = cos < + k sin <

< d
dy
= sin < + k cos < = 0
# tan < = k
# T
min
=
'
'
(
)
*
*
+
,
-
-
-
& - &
2
2
2
k
1
k
k
1
1
) cos k (sin mg
=
2
k
1
) cos k (sin mg
-
& - &
RESONANCE FRICTION - 6
8. Step -I : Draw force diagram separately : In fig B, P is a point on the string
From fig. A,
mg f = mw
1
# w
1
=
m
f mg
...........(i)
From fig.B,
T = f ...........(ii)
f
T
P
Fig.B
From fig.C
Mg T = Mw
2
Mg f = Mw
2
# w
2
=
M
f Mg
.............(iii)
Step II : Apply kinematic relation :
s
rel
= u
rel
t
2
1
w
rel
t
2
(Shown in fig.D)
Here s
rel
= ", u
rel
= 0
w
rel
= w
2
w
1
# " =
2
1
(w
2
w
1
) t
2
# t =
) w w (
2
1 2
"
Putting the value of w
1
and w
2
,
f =
2
t ) m M (
Mm 2"
9. Considering the system as marked in the diagram
" T = (M + m)a.
a is the common acceleration of the two masses in horizontal direction.
Now taking the body m as system.
F.B.D. for the body will be
" N = ma (m has acceleration a in horizontal direction)
Also mg kN T = ma (m has acceleration a downward w.r.t.
wedge because of the constraint)
or a =
Km m 2 M
g m
- -
wg bw bg
a a a
# # #
- \$
bg
a
#
=
2 2
a a -
=
a 2
=
Km m 2 M
mg 2
- -
=
m
M
K 2
g 2
- -
RESONANCE FRICTION - 7
10. If acceleration in bar is zero. Then the body (1) will slip on bar rightward and the body (2) moves downward.
To prevent slipping, net force on each body should be zero in the frame of bar (non-inertial reference frame)
In fig. A, T = mw + kmg ..........(i)
In fig. B, T + kN = mg ..........(ii)
N = mw .........(iii)
1
m
mw
kmg
W
T
Fig. A
m w
Fig. B
From (ii) and (iii), we get
T + kmw = mg
T = mg kmw ............(iv)
From (i) and (iv), we get
w =
) k 1 (
) k 1 ( g
-
............(v)
Since, relative acceleration of body with respect to bar (w
rel
) is zero : So, the value of w in eqn.(v) is
minimum value of w.
11. (a
0
is acceleration of the wedge leftward)
As a
0
increases the component of ma
0
up the up the incline increases
and friction attains its max value.
Writing the force equation along the incline and perpendicular to the incline.
ma
0
cos & mg sin & kN = 0 .......(i)
mg cos & + ma
0
sin & = N .......(ii)
From equation (i) and (ii),
a
0
cos & g sin & = kg cos & + K a
0
sin &
a
0
(cos & k sin &) = g{k cos & + sin &}
a
0
=
} sin k {cos
} sin cos k { g
& % &
& - &
= g (1 + k cos &) / (cot & k)
12. (i) Assuming there is no slipping anywhere and the common
acceleration of the three blocks be a
writing the force equation F = ma
10 = 12a or a =
6
5
.
Now f
max.
between 2 kg & 3kg is
!
1
N = 0.2 20 = 4N.
For 2 kg block F.B.D. will be
F f = ma = 2
6
5
10 f =
6
10
# 10
6
10
= f
6
50
= f > f
max
" There will be slipping between 2 kg and 3 kg block.
Now considering the slipping the new equation would be
F f
max
= ma
1
10 4 = 2a
1
or a
1
= 3 ms
2
Now lets take 3 kg & 7 kg as system and writing the force equation.
f
max
= 10 a
0
.
or 4 = 10 a
0
# a
0
= 0.4 ms
2
RESONANCE FRICTION - 8
To check the required friction between 3 kg and 7 kg block.
F on 7 kg block F = 7 0.4 = 2.8 N
f
max
between 7 kg and 3 kg = 0.3 N
2
= 0.3 50 = 15 N
2.8 < f
max
hence there is no slipping between the two blocks
" a
2
= a
3
= 0.4 ms
2
.
(ii) Now again taking all as system the common acceleration would be
6
5
ms
2
for a =
6
5
ms
2
the required friction between 2 kg and 3 kg
block will be = m
1
a = 2
6
5
=
3
5
N.
3
5
N < f
max
between 2 kg and 3 kg block
" there is no slipping between them
Similarly for 7 kg block the required friction = m
3
a = 7
6
5
=
6
35
N.
6
35
N < f
max
between 7 kg and 3 kg.
hence there is no slipping between them.
" a
1
= a
2
= a
3
=
6
5
ms
2
(iii) same as (b)
13. f
ABmax
= 0.3 30g cos37
f
ABmax
= 72 N
f
BCmax
= 0.4 80g cos37 = 256 N
f
Cmax
= 0.5 120g cos37= 480 N
when block B is pulled two cases are possible
(1) A & C remains stationary only B tends to move downwards.
(2) B & C both moves together and there is just slipping and A & B contact and C and
wedge contact
Taking case (2) Let B & C moves together and there is just slipping between
A & B and between wedge and C
# P + 40 g sin 37 + 50 g sin 37 72 480 = 0
# P = 12 N
checking friction between B & C
f
BC
+ 40 g sin 37 480 = 0
f
BC
= 240
which is within limit so case is correct.
so max. force for which there will be no slipping P
max
= 12 N the at this force both B & C tends to move
together.
Ans. P = 12 N