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April 2008 - SLA

Business Background
Investigations
Presented to

SLA

April 2008
Cynthia Hetherington Aon Consulting

Research Methods & Resources
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Scenarios Google Primer Public Record Databases Private & Fee Based Sources Q&A with real examples

Data Mining Scenarios
1. LP: Locate goods, and intellectual property, being sold through the web CI: Locate the future marketing plan of your competitor. Opp. Res: Where can I locate tax filings on the Internet? Assets: Locate alternative sources of income for your divorcee, fraudster or terrorist. DD: Conduct due diligence quickly and cheaply. Crim: Trace cellphone, PO Box & elusive email.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Contact: Cynthia_Hetherington@aon.com

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April 2008 - SLA

Due Diligence: A 50,000 foot view

Reasons for Due Diligence?
• • • • • • • • • • Compliance laws require it Reputations are at stake Security for persons and facilities Evading fraud Avoiding financial loss Avoiding espionage Protecting your assets Assessing potential for growth, scalability & advancement Avoiding business interruption Counter-intelligence through self due diligence

Compliance is now has teeth.
• In an effort to eliminate bribery and corruption and promote foreign trade, many international organizations have created anti-bribery treaties. • These organizations include the United Nations, the Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the Council of Europe, the European Union, the Organization of American States, and the African Union.

Contact: Cynthia_Hetherington@aon.com

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April 2008 - SLA

Case Example: Baker Hughes Inc.
• A coordinated civil (SEC) and criminal (DOJ) investigation revealed that, over a two year period, BH had paid more than $4M in bribes to Kazakh officials through a bogus consulting firm • BH had previously been cited for FCPA violations • April 2007 - BH agreed to pay $44M in civil and criminal penalties

Case Example: Chiquita Brands
• March 2007 - Chiquita Brands Intl Inc. Fined $25M For “Terror Ties” • A Chiquita Brands Columbian subsidiary paid about $1.7 million between 1997 and 2004 to the United SelfDefense Forces of Colombia (“AUC”) • In April 2003, company officials and lawyers approached the Justice Department and advised prosecutors they had been making the payments • The payments continued even months after disclosure

Due Diligence : Boots on the Ground

Contact: Cynthia_Hetherington@aon.com

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April 2008 - SLA

Obtaining Relevant Public Source Information
• Litigation history • Media history • Business & personal affiliations • SEC filings • Corporate records • Regulatory history • Property records • Academic records • Financial records • Vendor & supplier relationships • Board appointments • Liens, Judgments & UCCs • Subsidiaries & franchises • Physical assets • Intellectual property • Political & charitable causes

The old timers
• Are we using them well?

Are you ready to get past Google.com?
• Have you increased your hit ratio per screen? • Are you using your quotes? • How is proximity searching working for you? • Did you know you could search more than the web, such as Video, News, Maps, Blogs, Books and Patents! • Better than?

Contact: Cynthia_Hetherington@aon.com

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April 2008 - SLA

Google Operators

Google.com Proximity Searching
• Google.com • Detroit within 15 words of Tigers

detroit * tigers

How about the others?

Contact: Cynthia_Hetherington@aon.com

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April 2008 - SLA

Exalead.com
• Proximity search • The NEAR operator finds documents where the query terms are within 16 words of each other. The NEXT operator finds documents where the query terms are next to each other. • movie star NEAR hollywood • Searches for documents where movie star appears in close proximity to hollywood. • movie NEXT star • Searches for documents where movie and star appear next to each other in that order.

Find it Online with Web 2.0

Going beyond Google
• • • • • • • • • • • Myspace.com Exalead.com Technorati.com Icerocket.com Ebay.com Flickr.com Alltheweb.com Blogs.com lococitato.com yoname.com brbpub.com • • • • • • • Archive.org Zoominfo.com Google.com Guidestar.org Facebook.com Linkedin.com Spoke.com

$$$$$$$$ • Factiva.com • Accurint.com

Contact: Cynthia_Hetherington@aon.com

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April 2008 - SLA

Myspace.com hits
• Navigant Consulting had 76 hits • Aon Consulting had 116 • Deloitte had 5,730 hits Please note, many hits are from job listings. But not all!

Arn’s an Accountant
• Major: Accounting/Finance Clubs: Courses in: intermediate accounting, auditing, cost accounting, federal taxation (individual & corporate), government & nonprofit accounting, information systems/telecommunications, financial management, preventing/detecting financial fraud

Contact: Cynthia_Hetherington@aon.com

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April 2008 - SLA

Arn’s Employers

Contact: Cynthia_Hetherington@aon.com

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April 2008 - SLA

Lococitato.com

Map him to find out his connections

SOCIAL NETWORKS ARE NOT JUST FOR KIDS!

Spoke.com

Contact: Cynthia_Hetherington@aon.com

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April 2008 - SLA

Technorati.com

Try searching “hate my job”

Flickr.com

Try searching “at work” or for your company!

Contact: Cynthia_Hetherington@aon.com

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April 2008 - SLA

Those funny boxes means there is a detailed description of what you are seeing.

Ebay
• Go to “Advanced Search” from the homepage, upper right hand corner • Choose “Find a Member” from the left hand column.
Type in the first half of the person’s personal email address. For example: crazybird@gmail.com Type in “crazybird” Check HR for the person’s resume for old email addresses.

Ebay Con’t
• Multiple results to explore!

Contact: Cynthia_Hetherington@aon.com

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April 2008 - SLA

Zoominfo.com

Contact: Cynthia_Hetherington@aon.com

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April 2008 - SLA

Non-Profit and Charities
• Guidestar.org
– Search GuideStar's database of more than 700,000 U.S. nonprofit organizations.

• Grantsmart.org
– We have gathered data about private foundation activities that may be of interest to grantseekers, philanthropic organizations, and individual donors. 60,000 non-profit organizations.

Guidestar.org

NEWS IS FOREVER

Contact: Cynthia_Hetherington@aon.com

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April 2008 - SLA

THANK YOU
Cynthia Hetherington Aon Consulting

Managing Director, Corporate Investigative & Security Services Financial Advisory & Litigation Consulting Services Practice Office: 973-463-6062 Fax: 973-463-6135 Cynthia_Hetherington@aon.com

Contact: Cynthia_Hetherington@aon.com

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