PROBLEM SET 01: Classical Mechanics: PHYS 311; Fall 2013; 20 X 5

1) Use Lagrangian Equation of Motion of 2
nd
kind to show that Homogeneity of Time leads to Conservation
of Total Mechanical Energy for closed, conservative systems where the Kinetic energy is quadratic
function of velocities. [Consult Laudau & Lifshitz, Ch 2]
2) Use Lagrangian Equation of Motion of 2
nd
kind to show that Homogeneity of space leads to conservation
of linear momentum for closed systems. [Consult Laudau & Lifshitz, Ch 2]
3) Use Lagrangian Equation of Motion of 2
nd
kind to show that Isotropy of space leads to conservation of
angular momentum for closed systems. [Consult Laudau & Lifshitz, Ch 2]
4) Consider a particle of mass m. This particle is constrained to move down on the inner surface of vertical
cone from its rim towards its tip. Assume that the tip of the cone is at (x=0, y=0,z=0) and its rim at a height
of z=Z. Also assume that the semi-angle of the cone is . Write down the equation of constraints and find
the generalized coordinates. Then write the Lagrangian and find out the equation of motion.
5) Prove that the total time derivative of any differentiable function of position and time can always be
added with any Lagrangian such that the equation of motion remain unchanged. How the following
quantities

̇

̇
will change under that same transformation.








PROBLEM SET 01: Classical Mechanics: PHYS 311; Fall 2013; 20 X 5
1) Use Lagrangian Equation of Motion of 2
nd
kind to show that Homogeneity of Time leads to Conservation
of Total Mechanical Energy for closed, conservative systems where the Kinetic energy is quadratic
function of velocities. [Consult Laudau & Lifshitz, Ch 2]
2) Use Lagrangian Equation of Motion of 2
nd
kind to show that Homogeneity of space leads to conservation
of linear momentum for closed systems. [Consult Laudau & Lifshitz, Ch 2]
3) Use Lagrangian Equation of Motion of 2
nd
kind to show that Isotropy of space leads to conservation of
angular momentum for closed systems. [Consult Laudau & Lifshitz, Ch 2]
4) Consider a particle of mass m. This particle is constrained to move down on the inner surface of vertical
cone from its rim towards its tip. Assume that the tip of the cone is at (x=0, y=0,z=0) and its rim at a height
of z=Z. Also assume that the semi-angle of the cone is . Write down the equation of constraints and find
the generalized coordinates. Then write the Lagrangian and find out the equation of motion.
5) Prove that the total time derivative of any differentiable function of position and time can always be
added with any Lagrangian such that the equation of motion remain unchanged. How the following
quantities

̇
̇

̇
will change under that same transformation.