PROBLEM SET 02: Classical Mechanics: PHYS 311; Fall 2013; 20 X 3 + 40 = 100

1) Write the lagrangian of a free particle in – a) Cartesian coordinates, b) Cylindrical Polar coordinates and c)
Spherical Polar coordinates in 3D and then write down the respective equation of motions. Find out the
Cyclic coordinates a*nd the corresponding conserved quantities. Note: Do compare the results of
different coordinates to get a feeling for the Angular Momentum of a free particle.
2) The Lorentz force on a charge particle of charge q in an electromagnetic field is

[
⃗⃗

⃗⃗
].
Assume that
⃗⃗

⃗⃗⃗

,
⃗⃗


. Now that the Lorentz force can be derived from a velocity
dependent potential (U) such that

*

(

̇

) (

)+, where i=x,y,z. Find the conserved generalized
momentum of the dynamics and show that it is something more than just ⃗ ⃗.
3) A charge particle is moving in X-Y plane with ̇ . The potentials are given as

[̂ ̂] such that
⃗⃗

⃗⃗⃗

,
⃗⃗


.

Find the trajectory
of the particle in the form x(t) and y(t) if the initial conditions are ̇ ̇
4) Assume that a Two-wheel cart of Mass M is rolling down an inclined plane without sliding. Each wheel
have mass m, radius b. The separation between the wheels is a, angle of inclination , x and y are the
Cartesian coordinate of the CM of the cart,  is the angle between the Axle and the Y axis and 
1
, 
2
are
angles of the rotations of the two wheel along the axle. Find out the constraint equations. What is the
Degree of Freedom and what is the minimum number of quasi-generalized coordinate required to
describe the motion. Use the D’Alembert Principle in the form of Generalized Lagrange equation to find
the equation of motion.





PROBLEM SET 02: Classical Mechanics: PHYS 311; Fall 2013; 20 X 3 + 40 = 100
1) Write the lagrangian of a free particle in – a) Cartesian coordinates, b) Cylindrical Polar coordinates and c)
Spherical Polar coordinates in 3D and then write down the respective equation of motions. Find out the
Cyclic coordinates and the corresponding conserved quantities. Note: Do compare the results of different
coordinates to get a feeling for the Angular Momentum of a free particle.
2) The Lorentz force on a charge particle of charge q in an electromagnetic field is

[
⃗⃗

⃗⃗
].
Assume that
⃗⃗

⃗⃗⃗

,
⃗⃗


. Now that the Lorentz force can be derived from a velocity
dependent potential (U) such that

*

(

̇

) (

)+, where i=x,y,z. Find the conserved generalized
momentum of the dynamics and show that it is something more than just ⃗ ⃗.
3) A charge particle is moving in X-Y plane with ̇ . The potentials are given as

[̂ ̂] such that
⃗⃗

⃗⃗⃗

,
⃗⃗


.

Find the trajectory
of the particle in the form x(t) and y(t) if the initial conditions are ̇ ̇
4) Assume that a Two-wheel cart of Mass M is rolling down an inclined plane without sliding. Each wheel
have mass m, radius b. The separation between the wheels is a, angle of inclination , x and y are the
Cartesian coordinate of the CM of the cart,  is the angle between the Axle and the Y axis and 
1
, 
2
are
angles of the rotations of the two wheel along the axle. Find out the constraint equations. What is the
Degree of Freedom and what is the minimum number of quasi-generalized coordinate required to
describe the motion. Use the D’Alembert Principle in the form of Generalized Lagrange equation to find
the equation of motion.