3.

1 :

What |s Mauer?
3.2 :

1he States of Mauer
3.3 :

1he Concept of Dens|ty
3.4 :

1he Þropernes of Mauer &

1he|r App||canon |n


Lveryday L|fe
CHAPTER 3
MATTER
Mauer |s anyth|ng that
!"# %"##
and
&''()*+# #)"'+
.
1hus, |t |nc|udes
(|)

a|| LIVING 1nINGS
(||)

a|| NCN LIVING

1nINGS
3.1 – WHAT IS MATTER?
S|nce mauer has
mass, |t w|||
exper|ence ,!+ )(--
&. /0"1*,2.
So, does mauer has
we|ght?




3.1 – WHAT IS MATTER?
It |s sa|d that nLA1
and SCUND are
examp|es of non-
mauer. Why?






Mauer ex|sts |n
three states :-
(a)

So||d
(b)

L|qu|d
(c)

Gas
wh|ch can be
changed from one
another by heanng
or coo||ng
3.2 – STATES OF MATTER
Accord|ng to k|nenc theory of mauer :-
(a) mauer cons|sts of nny and d|screte
parnc|es,
(b) the parnc|es of mauer are a|ways |n
constant monon
3.2 – STATES OF MATTER
Mauer cons|sts of
nny, d|screte
parnc|es.
1hat's why the
sme|| of the curry
from the k|tchen
spreads
throughout the a|r
|n the house.
STRUCTURE OF MATTER
D|ñerent states of mauer have d|ñerent
arrangements of parnc|es.
ARRANGEMENT OF PARTICLES IN MATTER
1he empty spaces
between the parnc|es
of mauer |nßuences
the compactness of
mauer.
3"4 5"# '"6 +"#*-2 7+
'&%)0+##+8
374 9*:(*8 *# 8*;'(-, ,&
'&%)0+##
3'4 <&-*8 '"66&, 7+
'&%)0+##+8
EMPTY SPACE OF PARTICLES IN MATTER
= >6-2 1*70",+
"68 #)*6 *6
,!+*0 ?@+8
)&#*A&6
= B& 6&, %&1+
.0++-2
MOVEMENTS OF PARTICLES IN MATTER
"

<-*8+ &1+0 &6+
"6&,!+0
= C&--*8+ D*,!
&6+ "6&,!+0
"

E&1+ .0++-2
"68 0"68&%-2
"

C&--*8+ D*,!
&6+ "6&,!+0
.0+:(+6,-2
"

E&1+ .0++-2
"68 0"68&%-2
", !*/! #)++8#
L|qu|ds and gases are
therefore ca||ed ßu|d.
kandom movement |s
movement that does
not fo||ow any
parncu|ar d|recnon.
1hese movements are
known as the
F0&D6*"6
E&A&6
MOVEMENTS OF PARTICLES IN MATTER
8rown|an monon can
be observed |n :-
(a) a smoke ce|| under
a m|croscope
(b) movements of
po||ens ßoanng on
water - the po||ens
are mov|ng random|y
due to co|||s|ons w|th
the water parnc|es

MOVEMENTS OF PARTICLES IN MATTER