SSC QUIZ ON BOAT AND STREAMS

Dear reader here we are providing some question on boat and streams which can be help full in your
upcoming Exam:

1. A boat can run 13 km/hr in still water and the speed of current 4 km/hr. in how many hours the boat will
covered 68 km down streams?
(1) 2 hours (2) 3 hours
(3) 4 hours (4) 5 hours


2. A man rows downstream 32 km and 14 km upstream. If he takes 6 hours to cover each distance, then the
Velocity (in km/h) of current is:
(1) 1/2 (2) 3/2
(3) 2 (4) 5/2

3. A man can row at 5 km/h in still water. If the velocity of current is 1 kmph and it takes him 1 hour to row to
a place and come back, how far is the place?
(1) 1.5 km (2) 2.4 km
(3) 3.5 km (4) 1 km

4. A man can row 40 km upstream and 55 km downstream in 13 hours. Also, he can row 30 km upstream
and 44 km downstream in 10 hours. Find the speed of the man in still water and the speed of the current.
(1) 5 (2) 3
(3) 6 (4) 4

5. In a stream running at 2 km/h, a motorboat goes 6 km upstream and back again to the starting point in 33
minutes. Find the speed of the motorboat in still water.
(1) 22 km/hr (2) 20 km/hr
(3) 25 km/hr (4) 18 km/hr

6. A man takes 3 hours 45 minutes to row a boat I5 km downstream of a river and 2 hours 30 minutes to
cover a distance of 5 km upstream. Find the speed of the river current in km/hr.
(1) 1 km/hr (2) 2 km/hr
(3) 3 km/hr (4) 4 km/hr

7. A person can row a boat d km upstream and the same distance downstream in 5 hours 15 minutes. Also,
he can row the boat 2d km upstream in 7 hours. How long will it take to row the same distance 2d km
downstream?
(1) 3/2 hours (2) 7 hours
(3) 7 (¼) (4) 7/2 hours

8. A man swimming in a stream which flows 1.5 km/h, finds that in a given time he can swim twice as fast
with the stream as he can against it. At what rate does he swim?
(1) 4 km/hr (2) 4.5 km/hr
(3) 6 km/hr (4) 7 km/hr

9. A motorboat in still water travels at a sped of 36 km/h. It goes 56 km upstream in 1 hour 45 minutes. The
time taken by it to cover the same distance down the stream will be:
(1) 2 hours 25 minutes (2) 3 hours
(3) 1 hour 24 minutes (4) 2 hours 21 minutes

10. A man can row 6 km/h in still water. If the speed of the current is 2 km/h, it takes 3 hours more in
upstream than in the downstream for the same distance.
(1) 30 km (2) 24 km
(3) 20 km (4) 32 km


ANSWER WITH EXPLANATION:

1. (3)
The speed downstream = 13+4 = 17 km/hr
∴Time taken to covered 68 km = 68/17 = 4 hours

2. (2)
Rate downstream = 32/6 km/h; Rate upstream = 14/6 km/h
Velocity of current = 1/2 (32/6 - 14/6) km/h
= 3/2 km/h

3. (2)
-Speed downstream = (5 + 1) km/h = 6 km/h.
Speed upstream = (5 – 1) km/h = 4 km/h.
Let the required distance be x km.
Then, x/6 + x/4 = 1
2x + 3x = 12
5x = 12
x = 2.4 km.

4. (2)
Let rate upstream = x km / hr and rate downstream = y km / hr.
Then, 40/x+ 55/y =13 ...(i)
and 30/x+44/y=10 ...(ii)
Multiplying (ii) by 4 and (i) by 3 and subtracting, we get :
11/y=1 or y=11.
Substituting y = 11 in (j), we get : x = 5.
\threrefore Rate in still water =1/2(11+5) km/h=8km/h.
Rateofcurrent = 1/2(11−5) km/h=3km/h.

5. (1)
Let the speed of the motorboat in still water be x km/h. Then,
Speed downstream = (x + 2) km/h; Speed upstream = (x - 2) km/h.
6/x+2+6/x−2 = 33/60
<=> 11x2−242x+2x−44=0
«=> (x - 22) (11x + 2) = 0 <=> x = 22. Hence, speed of motorboat in still water = 22 km/h.

6. (1)
Rate downstream=15334 km/hr
=15×415km/hr=4km/hr.
Rate upstream=(5212) km/hr
=(5×25)=2km/hr
Speed of current=12(4−2)km/hr=1km/hr.

7. (4)
Let the speeds of boat and stream be x and y km/hr respectively.
Then, Rate downstream = (x + y) km/hr and Rate upstream = (x - y) km/hr
Given d / (x+y) + d / ( x-y ) =5 hrs 15 minutes = 21/4 hours
and 2d / (x+y) = 7 => d / (x+y)=7/4 => 2d / (x+y)=7/2
Hence, he takes 7/2 hours to row 2d km distance downstream.

8. (2)
Rate of stream =1.5 km/hr
Let speed of man in still water = x km/hr and Distance = d
Upstream speed = (x - 1.5) km/hr Downstream speed = (x + 1.5) km/hr
Given, 2d / (x+1.5) = d/ (x-1.5) => 2x - 3 = x + 1.5 => x = 4.5 km/hr

9. (3)
Speed of the motorboat upstream
= 56km/1 ¾ hours
=32 km/h
Let the speed of the current = x km/h
36 – x = 32
à 36 – 32 = 4 km/h
speed of motorboat downstream = 36 + 4 = 40 km/h
Time taken to cover 56 km at 40 km/h = 56/40 = 7/5 hours
= 1 hour 24 minutes

10. (2)
Let he required distance be x km.
x/6-2 + x/ 6 + 2 = 3
à x/4 – x/8 = 3
à 2x –x/8 = 3
= x=3 x 8 = 24 km.




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QUANT QUIZ ON TIME AND DISTANCE WITH SOLUTIONS (
SHORTCUTS)
Formulae
(i) Speed = Distance/Time
(ii) x km/hr = (x × 5/18 ) m/sec.
(ii) x metres / sec = (x × 18/5 )km/hr.

1. A man covers a certain distance between his house and office on scooter.Having an average speed of 30
km/hr, he late by 10 min. However, with a speed of 40 km/hr. he reaches his office 5 min earlier. Find the
distance between his house and office.
(1) 20 km (2) 40 km
(3) 30 km (4) 25 km

2. A man car does a journey in 10 hrs, the first half at 21 km/hr and the second half at 24 km/hr. Find the
distance.
(1) 220 km (2) 215 km
(3) 210 km (4) 224 km

3. Walking 3/4 of his usual speed, a person is 10 min late to his office. Find his usual time to cover the
distance.
(1) 10 minutes (2) 50 minutes
(3) 30 minutes (4) None of these

4. Running 4/3 of his usual speed, a person improves his timing by 10 minutes. Find his usual time to cover
the distance.
(1) 60 minutes (2) 40 minutes
(3) 25 minutes (4) 30 minutes

5. A train travelling 25 km an hour leaves Delhi at 9 a.m. and another train travelling 35 km an hour starts at
2 p.m. in the same direction. How many km from Delhi will they be together?
(1) 437 ½ km (1) 436 ½ km
(3) 435 ½ km (4) 434 ½ km

6. Two men A and B walk from P to Q, a distance of 21 km, at 3 and 4 km an hour respectively. B reaches
Q, returns immediately and meets A at R. Find the distance from P to R.
(1) 18 km (2) 20 km
(3) 35 km (4) 15 km

7. A man sets out to cycle from Delhi to Rohtak, and at the same time another man starts from Rohtak to
cycle to Delhi. After passing each other they complete their journeys in 3 1/3and 4 4/5hours respectively.
At what rates does the second man cycle if the first cycles at 8 km per hour?
(1) 6 2/3 (2) 5 2/3
(3) 4 2/3 (4) None of these

8. A monkey tries to ascend a greased pole 14 metres high. He ascends 2 metres in first minute and
slipsdown 1 metre in the alternate minute. If he continues to ascend in this fashion, how long does he
take to reach the top?
(1) 25 minutes (2) 20 minutes
(3) 15 minutes (4) None of these

9. A man leaves a point P at 6 a.m. and reaches the point Q at 10 a.m. Another man leaves the point Q at 8
a.m. and reaches the point P at 12 noon. At what time do they meet?
(1) 10 a.m. (2) 9 a.m.
(3) 9: 30 a.m. (4) 8 a.m

10. Without any stoppage a person travels a certain distance at an average speed of 80 kmph, and with
stoppages he covers the same distance at an average of 60 kmph. How many minutes per hour does he
stop?
(1) 25minutes (2) 15 minutes
(3) 10 minutes (4) None of these


Answers with Solution:
1. (3) :
Solution: Let the distance be x km.
Time taken to cover x km at 30 km/hr = x/30 hrs
Time taken to cover x km at 40 km/hr = x/ 40 hrs.
Difference between the time taken = 15 min = ¼ hr.
x/30 – x/40 = ¼ or 4x – 3x = 30 or x = 30 km.

Shortcut: (Try this your self)
Required distance
= Product of two speeds/ Difference of two speeds x Difference between arrival times.

2. (4)
Solution:
Let the distance be x km.Then x/2 km is travelled at a speed of 21 km/hr and x/2 km at a speed of 24
km/hr.
Then time taken to travel the whole journey
= x/(2x21) + x/(2 x 24) = 10 hrs.
so, x = 224 km

Short cut : (Try this your self)
Distance =(2 x Time x S1 x S2 ) / (S1 + S2 )
Where , S1 = Speed during first half and
S2 = Speed during second half of journey

3. (3) :
Solution:
Let the usual time be x min.
Time taken at ¾ of the usual speed = 4x/3 min
4x/3 – x = 10
x/3 = 10 à x = 30 min.
Shortcut : (Try this your self)
Usual time = Late time / ( 1 ÷ ¾ - 1) = 10/1/3 = 30 minutes

4. (2) Shortcut:
Improved time / (1 - 1 + 4/3 ) = 40 minutes

5. (1) :
Solution:
The first train has a start of 25 / 5 km and the second train gains ( 35 – 25 ) or 10 km per hour.
The second train will gain 25 x 5 km in (25 x5) / 10 or 12 ½ hours.
The required distance from Delhi = 12 ½ x 35 km = 437 ½ km

Shortcut : (try this )
Meeting point’s distance from starting point
= (S1 x S2 x Difference in time) / Difference in speed ( S1 and S2 are the speed )

6. (1)
Solution:
When B meets A at R, B has walked the distance PQ + QR and A the distance PR. That is , both of them
have together walked twice the distance from P to Q, i.e 42 km.
Now the rates of A and B are 3 : 4 and they have walked 42 km.
Hence the distance PR travelled by A = 3/7 of 42 km = 18 km

7. (1)
Solution:
If two persons ( or train) A and B start at the same time in opposite directions from two points and arrive
at the pint a and b hrs respectively after having met, then
A’s rate : B’s rate = √b : √a
= (√ 4 4/5 ) / ( √3 1/3 ) = 6/5
2
nd
man’s rate = 5/6 x 8 = 6 2/3 km/hr.

8. (1)
Solution:
In every 2 minutes he is able to ascend 2 – 1 = 1 metre. This way he ascends upto 12 metres because
when he reaches at the top. He does not slip down. thus, upto 12 metres he takes 12 x 2 = 24 minutes
and for the last 2 metres he takes 1 minutes. Therefore he takes 24 + 1 = 25 minutes to reach the top.

9. (2)
Solution:
Let the distance PQ = A km.
And they meet x hrs after the first man starts.
Average speed of first man = A/10 – 6 = A /4 km/hr
Average speed of second man = A / 12 – 8 = A / 4 K/hr.
distance travelled by first man = Ax/4 km
They meet x hrs and the first man starts. The second man, as he starts 2 hrs late, meets after ( x- 2 ) has
from has start. Therefore, the distance travelled by the second man = A(x-2) / 4 km
Now , Ax/4 + A (x-2) /4 km = A
x = 3 hrs.
They meet at 6 a.m. + 3 hrs = 9 a.m.

Shortcut: (Try this your self)
= Starting time + [ ( Time taken by first ) (2
nd
’s arrival time – 1
st
starting time ) ] / (sum of time taken by
both)

10. (1)
Solution:
Let the total distance be x km.
Time taken at the sped of 80 km/hr = x/80 hrs.
Time taken at the sped of 60 km/hr = x/60 hrs.
He rested for ( x/60 – x/80) hrs = 20x / 60 x 80 = x/240 hrs.
his rest per hour = x/240 ÷ x/60 = ¼ hrs. = 15 minutes.


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QUANT QUIZ FOR SSC
Dear reader here we are providing some question on quant aptitude which can be help in your upcoming
exams.

1. The selling price of 10 oranges is the cost price of 13 oranges. then the profit percentage is :
(1) 30% (2) 10%
(3) 13% (4) 3%

2. A shop man bought pens at the rate of 7 for Rs10 and sold them at the profit of 40%.how many pens
would a customer get for Rs 10.
(1) 6 (2) 4
(3) 5 (4) 3

3. A train running at 36 km/hr passes another train completely in 12 s, which is half of its length, running
in the opposite direction at 54 km/hr. If it also passes a railway platform in 1.5 min, what is the length of
the platform (in meters)?
(1) 700 (2) 860
(3) 900 (4) 1, 000

4. Two rice varieties costing Rs 20 per kg and Rs 30 per kg were mixed as 2 : 3 and sold so as to gain
10%. What was the SP of the mixture (Rs/kg)?
(1) 31.2 (2) 28.6
(3) 30 (4) 26

5. A circle of radius 8 cm has its radius decreased by 2 cm. What is the approximate percentage
decrease in area?
(1) 25% (2) 50%
(3) 38% (4) 43.75%

6. In a school, there are 3600 students. The ratio of boys to girls is 4 : 5. If twenty percent of the boys
and sixty percent of the girls like to play hockey, then how many students do not like to play hockey?
(1) 1520 (2) 1250
(3) 2008 (4) None of these

7. The ratio of the present ages of Sonu and Monu is 7: 6 respectively. Eight years ago the respective
ratio of their ages was 5 : 4. What will be Monu’s age four years from now?
(1) 28 years (2) 32 years
(3) 24 years (4) 30 years

8. The sum of three consecutive odd numbers is 20 more than the smallest number. What is the middle
number?
(1) 7 (2) 9
(3) 11 (4) 5

9. A invests Rs. 24000 to start a business. Four months later B joins him by investing Rs. 31000 and
after another two months C joins them by investing Rs. 40000. At the end of one year the business earns
a profit of Rs. 12028. What is C's share in the profit?
(1) Rs. 4464 (2) Rs. 3844
(3) Rs. 3720 (4) Rs. 3270

10. 2 men can complete a piece of work in 6 days. 2 women can complete the same piece of work in 9
days, whereas 3 children can complete the same piece of work in 8 days. 3 women and 4 children
worked together for 1 day. If only men were to finish the remaining work in 1 day, how many total men
would be required?
(1) 4 (2) 8
(3) 6 (4) 2

Answers with solutions:


1. (1)
Profit percentage = (13-10)*100/10 = 30%

2. (3)
The S.P. of 7 pens = 10*140/100 = Rs 14
∴The S.P. of I pens = 14/7 = Rs 2
∴The pens for Rs 10 = 10/2 = 5

3. (1)
Crossing time = l
1
+ l
2
/ relative speed
l
1
= x
l
2
= x/2
Relative speed = 36 + 54 = 90 km/hr = 90 x 5/8 = 25 m/s
Time = 12 sec
12 = x + x/2 / 25
x = 200 m
Now train crossing the platform
l
1
= 200 m, l
2
= length of platform = y
Time = 1.5 min = 90 sec
Speed = 36 km/hr = 10 m/s
90 = 200 + y / 10
Y = 700 m

4. (2)
CP of the mixture = 20 x 2 + 30 x 3 / 5 = 26
SP = 1.1 x 6 = 28.6

5. (4)
Original area of the circle = π (8)
2
= 64 π
New area of the circle = π (6)
2
= 36 π

% decrease in area = 64 π - 36 π / 64 π x 100 = 43.75%

6. (4)
Total Students in school = 3600
Number of boys = 4/9 x 3600 = 1600
Number of boys who like hockey = 20% of 1600 = 320
Number of girls = 2000
Number of girls who like hockey = 60% of 2000 = 1200
Number of students who do not like hockey = (1600 – 320) + (2000 – 1200) = 2080

7. (1)
Let the present ages of Sonu and Monu be 7x and 6x. Now
7x – 8 /6x – 8 = 5/4
x = 4
Present age of Monu = 24 years
Monu’s age four years from now = 24 + 4 = 28 years

8. (2)
Let the numbers be x, x + 2 and x + 4. Then
x + (x + 2) + (x + 4) = x + 20
x = 7
So the middle number is 9.

9. (3)
The ratio of their investments = 24000 x 12: 31000 x 8 : 40000 x 6 = 36 : 31:30
Since the ratio of investment is also the ratio of profit,
C’s share = 30/97 x 12028 = 3720

10. (2)
2 M x 6 = 2 W x 9 = 3 C x 8
2 M = 3 W = 4 C
The ratio of efficiency of man, woman and children = 1/2: 1/3: 1/4 = 6: 4: 3
Let the work done by a man, a woman and a children in one day be 6 units, 4 units and 3 units
respectively.
So the total work to be done = 2x6x6 = 72 units
Work done by 3 women and 4 children in one day = 3 x 4 + 4x 3 = 24 units
Remaining work = 72 – 24 = 48 units
Number of men required to complete the remaining work in one day = 48/6 = 8


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QUANT QUIZ ON D.I.
Directions (1-5): Study the following information and answer the given questions. Given pie chart shows
the percentage distribution of total mobile phones users.

Total numbers of users are 12 crores.





















The table shows the ratio of male to female users among these mobile phone users.













1. What is the total number of females using Nokia phones?
(1) 0.96 crore (2) 1.4 crore
(3) 1.12 crore (4) 1.32 crore
(5) None of these

2. What is the difference between the total male and female mobile users?
(1) 2.136 crores (2) 1.326 crores
(3) 0.854 crores (4) 1.46 crore
(5) None of these

3. Number of females L.G. users is what percentage of number of male L.G. users?
(1) 90% (2) 80%
(3) 65% (4) 60%
(5) None of these

4. What is the ratio of the total number of male Spice users and the total number of female Reliance users?
(1) 1:2 (2) 1:3
(3) 1:4 (4) 2:3
(5) None of these

5. Number of male Motorola users is how much percentage less than that of the number of female Micromax
users?
(1) 50% (2) 123.33%
(3) 60% (4) 55%
(5) None of these

Company
Name
Male:Female
L.G. 5:3
Nokia 5:4
Reliance 1:1
Spice 2:1
Micromax 4:5
Motorola 5:7
Samsung 3:2
Directions: (6-10): Following pie charts show the distribution of annual expenditure of two persons
Ramesh and Shyam. Answer the following questions based on these charts. Total expenditure of
Ramesh and Shyam is Rs 4.5 and 5.4 lakhs respectively.

























6. What is the amount Ramesh and Shyam save yearly?
(1) 1.25 lakhs (2) 1.20 lakhs
(3) 1.15 lakhs (4) 1.10 lakhs
(5) 1.5 lakhs

7. What is the ratio of the amount spent on clothes by Ramesh than that of Shyam?
(1) 4:5 (2) 3:5
(3) 2:3 (4) 3:4
(5) None of these

8. Money spent by Shyam on food is what percentage of the money spent by Ramesh on eduation?
(1) 80% (2) 100%
(3) 120% (4) 150%
(5) 180%

9. What is the average of the amount spent for house rent by Ramesh and Shyam?
(1) 0.75 lakhs (2) 0.84 lakhs
(3) 1 lakhs (4) 1.2 lakhs
(5) 1.25 lakhs

10. Money spent by Shyam on education is how much percentage more than that of money spent by Ramesh
on education?
(1) 20% (2) 22.5%
(3) 25% (4) 27.5%
(5) 32%

Answers:
1. (3) 2. (2) 3. (4) 4. (3) 5. (4)

6.(2) 7. (3) 8. (5) 9. (3) 10. (4)


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Direction(1- 5):The bar graph given below shows the data of the production of paper (in lakh tonnes) by three
different companies X, Y and Z over the years.



1. For which of the following years, the percentage rise/fall in production from the previous year is the maximum for
Company Y?
(a) 1997 (b) 1998
(c) 1999 (d) 2000

2. What is the ratio of the average production of Company X in the period 1998-2000 to the average production of
Company Y in the same period?
(a) 1:1 (b) 15:17
(c) 23:25 (d) 27:29

3. The average production for five years was maximum for which company?
(a) X (b) Y
(c) Z (d) X and Z both

4. In which year was the percentage of production of Company Z to the production of Company Y the maximum?
(a) 1996 (b) 1997
(c) 1998 (d) 1999

5. What is the percentage increase in the production of Company Y from 1996 to 1999?
(a) 30% (b) 45%
(c) 50% (d) 60%

Direction (6-10): Study the following graph carefully and answer the questions given below it.



6. What is the total number of students studying B.Sc in all the colleges together?
(a) 1825 (b) 1975
(c) 1650 (d) 1775

7. What is the respective ratio of total number of students studying B.Sc. in the Colleges C and E together to those
studying B.A. in the Colleges A and B together?
(a) 24 : 23 (b) 25 : 27
(c) 29 : 23 (d) 29: 27

8. What is the respective ratio of total number of students studying B.Sc., B.A. and B. Com in all the colleges together?
(a) 7 : 67 : 75 (b) 67 : 71 : 75
(c) 71 : 68 : 75 (d) 75 : 71 : 68

9. Number of students studying B.Com. In College C forms approximately what per cent of the total number of student
studying B. com in all the Colleges together?
(a) 39% (b) 21%
(c) 44% (d) 17%

10. Number of students studying B. A. in College B forms what per cent of total number of students studying all the
disciplines together in that college? ( Rounded off to two digits after decimal)
(a) 26.86% (b) 27.27%
(c) 29.84% (d) 32.51%


Answers with Explanations:

1. (a):
In 1997 Rise % = 10*100/25 = 40%

2. (c):
Company X’s average production between 1998 – 2000 =25+50+40/3 = 115/3
Company Y’s average production between 1998 – 2000 = 35 + 40 + 50/3 = 125/3
Ratios of the value = 115/3 : 125/3 = 23 : 25

3. (d):
On calculations X’s & Z’s average prod., turns out to be equal avg. and greater than Y’s.

4. (a):

5. (d):
% Increase in production of the company Y from 1996 to 1999
=40-25/25 *100 =15/25 *100 = 60%
6. (d):
Required number= 350+325+300+375+425=1775

7. (c):
Required ratio= 300 +425/275+300 = 725/575 =29:23

8. (a):
Required ratio = 1775:1675:1875=71:67:75

9. (d):
Required % =325*100/1875 = 17%

10. (b):
Required % =300*100/300+325+475 = 30000/1100 = 27.27%



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QUANT QUIZ ( Boats and Streams )
1. A man can row 18 kmph in still water. It takes him thrice as long to row up as to row down the river. Find
the rate of stream.
(1) 7 km/h (2) 5 km/h
(3) 8 km/h (4) 9 km/h


2. A man rows downstream 32 km and 14 km upstream. If he takes 6 hours to cover each distance, then the
Velocity (in kmph) of current is:
(1) 1/2 (2) 3/2
(3) 2 (4) 5/2

3. A man can row at 5 kmph in still water. If the velocity of current is 1 kmph and it takes him 1 hour to row to
a place and come back, how far is the place?
(1) 1.5 km (2) 2.5 km
(3) 3.5 km (4) 1 km

4. A man can row 40 km upstream and 55 km downstream in 13 hours. Also, he can row 30 km upstream
and 44 km downstream in 10 hours. Find the speed of the man in still water and the speed of the current.
(1) 5 (2) 3
(3) 6 (4) 4

5. In a stream running at 2 kmph, a motorboat goes 6 km upstream and back again to the starting point in 33
minutes. Find the speed of the motorboat in still water.
(1) 22 km/hr (2) 20 km/hr
(3) 25 km/hr (4) 18 km/hr

6. A man takes 3 hours 45 minutes to row a boat I5 km downstream of a river and 2 hours 30 minutes to
cover a distance of 5 km upstream. Find the speed of the river current in km/hr.
(1) 1 km/hr (2) 2 km/hr
(3) 3 km/hr (4)4 km/hr

7. A person can row a boat d km upstream and the same distance downstream in 5 hours 15 minutes. Also,
he can row the boat 2d km upstream in 7 hours. How long will it take to row the same distance 2d km
downstream?
(1) 3/2 hours (2) 7 hours
(3) 7 ( ¼) (4) 7/2 hours

8. A man swimming in a stream which flows 1.5 kmph, finds that in a given time he can swim twice as fast
with the stream as he can against it. At what rate does he swim?
(1) 4 km/hr (2) 4.5 km/hr
(3) 6 km/hr (4) 7 km/hr

9. a motorboat in still water travels at a sped of 36 kmpn. It goes 56 km upstream in 1 hour 45 minutes. The
time taken by it to cover the same distance down the stream will be:
(1) 2 hours 25 minutes (2) 3 hours
(3) 1 hour 24 minutes (4) 2 hours 21 minutes

10. A man can row 6 km/h in still water. If the speed of the current is 2 km/h, it takes 3 hours more in
upstream than in the downstream for the same distance.
(1) 30 km (2) 24 km
(3) 20 km (4) 32 km


ANSWER WITH EXPLANATION:

1. Answer: (4)
Explanation:
Let man’s rate upstream be x kmph.
Then, his rate downstream = 3x kmph
Rate in still water = 1/2 (3x + x) kmph = 2x kmph
So, 2x = 18 or x = 9
Rate upstream = 9 km/hr, Rate downstream = 27 km/hr
Hence, rate of stream = 1/2 (27 – 9) km/hr = 9 km/hr

2. Answer: ( 2)
Explanation:
Rate downstream = 32/6 kmph; Rate upstream = 14/6 kmph
Velocity of current = 1/2 (32/6 - 14/6) kmph
= 3/2 kmph = 1.5 kmph

3. Explanation: (2)
-Speed downstream = (5 + 1) kmph = 6 kmph.
Speed upstream = (5 – 1) kmph = 4 kmph.
Let the required distance be x km.
Then, x/6 + 4/4 = 1
2x + 3x = 12
5x = 12
x = 2.5 km.
4. Answer: (2)
Explanation:
Let rate upstream = x km / hr and rate downstream = y km / hr.
Then, 40/x+ 55/y =13 ...(i)
and 30/x+44/y=10 ...(ii)
Multiplying (ii) by 4 and (i) by 3 and subtracting, we get :
11/y=1 or y=11.
Substituting y = 11 in (j), we get : x = 5.
\threrefore Rate in still water =
1/2(11+5)kmph=8kmph.
Rateofcurrent= 1/2(11−5)kmph=3kmph.

5. Answer: ( 1 )
Explanation:
Let the speed of the motorboat in still water be x kmph. Then,
Speed downstream = (x + 2) kmph; Speed upstream = (x - 2) kmph.
6/x+2+6/x−2 = 33/60
<=> 11x2−242x+2x−44=0
«=> (x - 22) (11x + 2) = 0 <=> x = 22. Hence, speed of motorboat in still water = 22 kmph.

6. Answer : (1)
Explanation:
Rate downstream=15334 km/hr
=15×415km/hr=4km/hr.
Rate upstream=(5212) km/hr
=(5×25)=2km/hr
Speed of current=12(4−2)km/hr=1km/hr.

7. Answer: (4)
Explanation: Let the speeds of boat and stream be x and y km/hr respectively.
Then, Rate downstream = (x + y) km/hr and Rate upstream = (x - y) km/hr
Given d / (x+y) + d / ( x-y ) =5 hrs 15 minutes = 21/4 hours
and 2d / (x+y) = 7 => d / (x+y)=7/4 => 2d / (x+y)=7/2
Hence, he takes 7/2 hours to row 2d km distance downstream.

8. Answer : (2)
Explanation: Rate of stream =1.5 km/hr
Let speed of man in still water = x km/hr and Distance = d
Upstream speed = (x - 1.5) km/hr Downstream speed = (x + 1.5) km/hr
Given, 2d / (x+1.5) = d/ (x-1.5) => 2x - 3 = x + 1.5 => x = 4.5 km/hr

9. Answer: ( 3)
Explanation : Speed of the motorboat upstream
= 56km/1 ¾ hours
=32 kmph
Let the speed of the current = x kmph
36 – x = 32
 36 – 32 = 4 kmph
speed of motorboat down stream = 36 + 4 = 40 kmph
Time taken to cover 56 km at 40 kmph = 56/40 = 7/5 hours
= 1 hour 24 minutes

10. Answer: (2)
Explanation: Let he required distance be x km.
x/6-2 + x/ 6 + 2 = 3
 x/4 – x/8 = 3
 2x –x/8 = 3
= x=3 x 8 = 24 km.


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