A Project Report on

INCREASING SAFETY OF BOMB DISPOSAL MISSIONS-
A BODY SENSOR NETWORK APPROACH
Diert!tion "#$itte% in p!rti!& '"&'i&&$ent o' t(e re)"ire$ent
For t(e !*!r% o' t(e %e+ree o'
BATCHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
IN
ELECTRONICS AND COMM,NICATION ENGINEERING
By
N-SPANDANA ./0C12A/3A14
A-SHRA5ANI ./0C12A/3164
S-PHILOMENA ./0C12A/31/4
,n%er t(e +"i%!nce o'
Mr-P-7-SARITHA
Aoc-Pro'
Dep!rt$ent O' E&ectronic !n% co$$"nic!tion En+ineerin+
ELLENKI ENGINEERING COLLEGE
PATELG,DA8PATANCHER,8 MEDAK .DIST4
.Affiliated to Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad4
Apri&- 9/29
1
ELLENKI ENGINEERING COLLEGE
PATE!U"A#PATAN$HE%U#&E"A' ("I)T*
(Affiliated to Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad*
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMM,NICATION
ENGINEERING
CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that
the "issertation entitled +INCREASING SAFETY OF BOMB DISPOSAL
MISSIONS-A BODY SENSOR NETWORK APPROACH: being sub,itted by
M-N-SPANDANA /0C12A/3A18M-A-SHRA5ANI
/0CF12A/3168M-S-PHILOMENA /0C12A/31/8 in -artial fulfill,ent for the
award of the "egree of Bachelor of Technology in ELECTRONICS AND
COMM,NICATION ENGINEERING to Jawaharlal Nehru Technological
University Hyderabad is a record of bonafide wor. carried out by the, under ,y
guidance and su-ervision/ The results e,bodied in this -ro0ect re-ort have not been
sub,itted to any other University or Institute for the award of any degree or di-lo,a/
Project G"i%e He!% o' t(e Dep!rt$ent
E;tern!& E;!$iner Princip!&
1
CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that &r- A-SANDESH 8 Re+-No-/0T,2A/3/28
I5 year BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN ELECTRONICS AND
COMM,NICATION ENGINEERING8 )tudent of SSR INSTIT,TE OF
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY#PATE!U"A#H2"E%ABA"/ Affiliated
to Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University# Hyderabad (JNTUH*# has successfully
co,-leted his &ain -ro0ect wor. titled <APPLICATION OF MES IN ROBOTICS
AND BIO-MEMS ,SING PSOC MI=ED SIGNAL ARRAY: as -art of the course
curriculu,/
He has done his &ain -ro0ect during the -eriod January 1311 to
A-ril 1311# under the su-ervision of B-KISHORE BAB,# Pro0ect &anager# at
Ellen.i %esearch 4 "evelo-,ent $ell# Hyderabad/
He had co,-leted the assigned -ro0ect well within the ti,e
fra,e/ He is sincere# hardwor.ing and his conduct during the -ro0ect is co,,endable/
For E&&en>i Ree!rc( ? De@e&op$ent
Pro0ect &anager "irector
ACKNOWLEDGMENT
I a, very -leased to -resent this thesis of ,y research/ This -eriod of ,y
student life has been truly rewarding a nu,ber of -eo-le were of i,,ense hel- to ,e
during the course of ,y research and the -re-aration of ,y thesis/
5
I would li.e to than. E-S!%!i@!Re%%A8 C(!ir$!n8 !n% E&&en>i Gro"p o'
Intit"tion for -roviding us the conductive environ,ent for carrying through our
acade,ic schedules and -ro0ects with ease/
I e6-ress a whole hearted gratitude to Pro'- M-S!$#!i@!Re%%A8 Director8
E&&en>i Gro"p o' Intit"tion !n% Director o' Ree!rc( !n% De@e&op$ent
Center8 for -roviding us the conductive environ,ent for carrying through our
acade,ic schedules and -ro0ects with ease/
I would li.e to than. Mr-P-7-SARITHA8 -ro0ect guide# E&&en>i
En+ineerin+ co&&e+e8 for her guidance and hel-/ Her insight during the course of ,y
research and regular guidance were invaluable to ,e and also for -roviding right
suggestions at every -hase of the develo-,ent of our -ro0ect/
I than. Mr-T-SRA5AN K,MAR8 He!% o' E&ectric!& !n% E&ectronic
En+ineerin+8 ELLENKI En+ineerin+ Co&&e+e# for -roviding sea,less su--ort and
.nowledge over the -ast one year# and also for -roviding right suggestions at every
-hase of the develo-,ent of our -ro0ect/
I e6-ress ,y s-ecial than.s to Princi-al# Pro'-AM7AN SHAIK on behalf of
our Electronics and co,,unication "e-art,ent for his .ind co7o-eration
I would li.e to than. all the staff ,e,bers of Ree!rc( !n% De@e&op$ent
Center and "e-art,ent of E$E/
There is definitely a need to thank my Friends, Parents without whose support
project would have been deferred
N-SPANDANA ./0C12A/3A14
A-SHRA5ANI ./0C12A/3164
S-PHILOMENA ./0C12A/31/4
8
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Content P!+e No-
ist of figures 6
ist of Tables 6i
CHAPTER-2 INTROD,CTION
2
1/1 About the Pro0ect
1
1/1 9b0ective and )co-e 5
CHAPTER-9 LITERAT,RE S,R5EY
3
1/19verview of the -ro0ect :
1/1 Networ.ing :
1/5 "ata trans,ission ;
1/8 $ontrol traffic &anage,ent <
1/: =low and $ongestion $ontrol 13
1/> Notification of confir,ed "elivery 13
1/;$onclusion on iterature survey 18
CHAPTER-B SYSTEM ANALYSIS
26
:
5/1 E6isting )yste, 1>
5/1 Pro-osed )yste, 1>
5/5 )oftware %e?uire,ent )-ecification 1;
5/8 anguage )-ecification 1@
5/: $onclusion on )yste, Analysis 1>
CHAPTER-3 SYSTEM DESIGN
91
8/1 "esign 9verview
%a-id A--lication "evelo-,ent (%A"* &odel 1<
8/1 U& "iagra,s 58
8/5 $onclusion on )yste, "esign 88
CHAPTER-6 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION
36
:/1 &odules in the -ro0ect 8>
:/1 Architecture and its descri-tion 8<
:/5 I,-le,entation :3
:/8 $onclusion on )yste, I,-le,entation ;;
CHAPTER-C INTEGRATION AND TESTING
10
>/1 Testing ;@
>/1 Aalidation of %esults
<8
>/5 $onclusion on Integration and Testing @;
>
CHAPTER-1 CONCL,SION AND F,T,RE WORK
D0
;/1 $onclusion
@@
;/1 =uture wor. @@
BIBLIOGRAPHY
2//
%eferences 131
Te6t Boo.s 4 Bebsites 135
Abbreviations 135
;
ABSTRACT
The Trans,ission $ontrol Protocol (T$P* carries ,ost Internet traffic# so -erfor,ance of the
Internet de-ends to a great e6tent on how well T$P wor.s/ Perfor,ance characteristics of a
-articular version of T$P are defined by the congestion control algorith, it e,-loys/ This
-a-er -resents a survey of various congestion control -ro-osals that -reserve the original
host7to7host idea of T$PCna,ely# that neither sender nor receiver relies on any e6-licit
notification fro, the networ./ The -ro-osed solutions focus on a variety of -roble,s# starting
with the basic -roble, of eli,inating the -heno,enon of congestion colla-se# and also
include the -roble,s of effectively using the available networ. resources in different ty-es of
environ,ents (wired# wireless# high7s-eed# long7delay# etc/*/ In a shared# highly distributed#
and heterogeneous environ,ent such as the Internet# effective networ. use de-ends not only
on how well a single T$P based a--lication can utiliDe the networ. ca-acity# but also on how
well it coo-erates with other a--lications trans,itting data through the sa,e networ./ 9ur
survey shows that over the last 13 years ,any host7to7host techni?ues have been develo-ed
that address several -roble,s with different levels of reliability and -recision/ There have
been enhance,ents allowing senders to detect fast -ac.et losses and route changes/ 9ther
techni?ues have the ability to esti,ate the loss rate# the bottlenec. buffer siDe# and level of
congestion/ The survey describes each congestion control alternative# its strengths and its
wea.nesses/ Additionally# techni?ues that are in co,,on use or available for testing are
described/
<