Case Study-1

5.1 (a) Project Details:
Table-5.1.1 Activity data, Precedence relations and Resource data
Activity
Immediate
Normal Crash ∆c ∆t ∆c/∆t Resources*
Predecessor
Duration Cost Duration Cost labour carpenter
(weeks) (units) (weeks) (units)
A --- 2 130
1
180 50
1 50
2 1
B A 4 240
2
380 140
2 70
4 2
C A 4 220
2
260 40
2 20
4 2
D A 3 260
1
340 80
2 40
3 1
E B 4 350
1
430 80
3 27
4 1
F C 7 200
4
270 70
3 23
7 4
G C 2 230
1
280 50
1 50
2 1
H D 5 350
3
460 110
2 55
5 3
J F 2 430
1
490 60
1 60
2 1
K H 5 160
3
200 40
2 20
5 3
L J 2 400
1
670 270
1 270
2 1
M E,G,L 3 330
2
510 180
1 180
3 2
N K,M 2 180
1
230 50
1 50
2 1
* A maximum value of 4 and 6 has been specified for both of the resource types R-1 and R-2 respectively
during entire project.
5.1 (b) PROJECT NETWORK: the project network is shown in Figure5.1.1 which also show the network
on time scale.
0 1
3
4
2
5
7
8
9
6
10
A
B
C
D
E
F
J
L
G
H
K
M
N
(a) Precedence relationship of network
0 1 3
5 7 8 9 10
2
4 6
A
B
C
D
E
F
H
G
J
K
L
M
N
2
3 2
5
2
5
7
2
3
4
2
4
4
(b) Time Scale Version of Network
(Normal duration = 22 weeks, Critical Path A-C-F-J-L-M-N)
Fig. 5.1.1: Activity on Arrow Network for Project
5.1.2 Resource Distribution before contraction of network (for normal project duration)
Resource R1-before leveling
(a) Histogram for Resources (overallocation)
Resource R2-before leveling
(b) Histogram for Resource- R2 (overallocation)
Fig. 5.1.2 Resource Distribution for normal project duration
0
1
2
3
4
5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATION
OVER ALLOCATED
RESOURCE
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATION
OVER ALLOCATION
RESOURCE
5.1.3 Resource Allocation before contraction of network:
Project duration has not extended in resolving resource constraints. Resource histogram
has been shown after resource leveling in Figure5.1.3.
R1-after leveling
(a) Histogram for Resource R-1 (overallocation has been resolved)
R2-after leveling
(b) Histogram for Resource R-2 (overallocation has been resolved)
Fig. 5.1.3 Resource Allocation using Ms-Project software
0
1
2
3
4
5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATION
OVER ALLOCATED
RESOURCE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATUION
OVER ALLOCATION
RESOURCE
5.1.4 Details of Contraction of Project Network:
Table 5.1.2 lists the various activities crashed during contraction of the project.
Table 5.1.2 Steps in contraction of project (contraction by one week in each step)
Activity
crashed
Weeks saved Project duration
(weeks)
Direct cost
(units)
Indirect
cost
(units)
Total cost
(units)
Nil 0 22 3480 2200 5680
C 1 21 3500 2100 5600
C 1 20 3520 2000 5520
F 1 19 3543 1900 5443
F 1 18 3567 1800 5367
F 1 17 3590 1700 5290
N 1 16 3640 1600 5240
A 1 15 3690 1500 5190
J and K 1 14 3770 1400 5170
K and L 1 13 4060 1300 5360
D and M 1 12 4280 1200 5480
5.1.5 Project Network after crashing of activities:
0 1 3 5 7 8 9 10
2
4 6
A
B
C
D
E
F
H
G
J
K
L
M
N
1 2 1
3
1
5
4
1
2
4
1
4
2
Fig.5.1.4 Contracted Project Network
5.1.6 TIME Cost Curve:
Fig. 5.1.5 Time –Cost variation during contraction of Project
57
56
55
54
54
53
52
52 52
54
55
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

C
O
S
T
H
u
n
d
r
e
d
s
PROJECT DURATION (weeks)
Direct cost
Indirect cost
Total cost
5.1.7 Resource Distribution after contraction of network (project duration=12 days)
Resource R1-before leveling
(a) Histogram for Resources (overallocation)
Resource R2-before leveling
(b) Histogram for Resource- R2 (overallocation)
Fig. 5.1.6 Resource Distribution for normal project duration
0
2
4
6
8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATION
OVER ALLOCATION
RESOURCE
0
5
10
15
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATION
OVER ALLOCATION
RESOURCE
5.1.8 Resource Allocation before contraction of network
(Project duration has been extended to 17 weeks in resolving resource constraints)
R1-after leveling
(a) Histogram for Resource R-1 (overallocation has been resolved)
R2-after leveling
(b) Histogram for Resource R-2 (overallocation has been resolved)
Fig. 5.1.7 Resource Allocation using Ms-Project software
0
1
2
3
4
5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATION
OVER ALLOCATED
RESOURCE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATION
OVER ALLOCATION
RESOURCE