钻 井 英 钻 常 用 钻

1. Mix 800 BBLS spud mud

800
桶 泥 开
2. Hold a spud safety meeting w/crew prior to !L" 22

Hole

22
"井眼之前, 安全 开个 会
#. How many $its are t%ere on t%e rig&floor'
台上有多少 个
(. )%ere are two $its on t%e rig&floor* one is tri&cone $it* t%e ot%er is a +, $it.
有 个
*
一 是三牙 个
*
一 是 个
+,

-. Sweep %ole w/100 BBL H.+ w%ile you drilled to casing setting point
下套管深度 用
100
桶高粘 井眼 清
/. )a0e a )otco sur1ey if any $it trip *ta0e a wireline sur1ey if lost circulation occurs
ot%erwise * rop )o)co.
一旦起 ,!井",# ,$ %
2. Spot 2-0 BBLS H.+ on Bottom .rop )otco* slug pipe *pull out of %ole 3+44H5.
&'
2-0
桶高( ,) *起
8. !un casing into %ole.
下套管
6. +oo% for 18-/8

,S"
+
lay down 22

BH7.
起 下
18&-/88
套管, ,
228
- .%
10. ,irculation $ottoms 9up
/ 一0
11. Mix/pump (00 sac0s :;"8 cement * ropped pulg .isplace w/wtr *Bumped plug
to 1000psi *c%ec0 t%e float o0
1. 23 并
(00
4
"
5泥,67, 8 碰
1000psi.
12. o you perform cement top cutting <o$ '
25泥9: ;
1#. ,enter t%e casing *weld $race
+
casing supports* please .)%en ma0e up
.=lowline
+
fill up line *,>) csg3casing5 $elow !)3rotary ta$le5.
<套管=>, 套管?@, A5BCD 管
*
< '下E多F套管G,%
1(. +/u
H
pic0 up
I

+
?/u 3nipple up51/

BH7
+
!@H3run into %ole5 to toc3top of
cement5 * %ydro test
.
1/

BH7
JK下 , L MN 静
1-. o you ma0e maintenance wor0 regular'
OP Q RS ; 你 养
1/. A%at did you do t%is morning '
TUV上W:X ; 么
Ae clanged t%e liner
+
piston of mud pump 2

.
Y :Z
B
E[套C
12. @t is time for cutting
+
slipping drlg3drilling5 line
G] :
18. +lease donCt put too many t%ings on t%e rigfloor
^_< `ab 台上 乱
16. A%at is t%e operation now'
bbWX ; 么
20. ,ould you tell me t%e operation today'
cd YTUbWX ; 你 么
21. Aor0 SafelyD "ood luc0D
RS ef安全,g h N 你
22. Ma0e a wiper trip to t%e csg s%oe
i起下j套管k%
2#. How many stands set on t%e rigfloor'
台上l:多少lm;
2(. ?ipple up B4+3$low out pre1enter5 stac0.
安 &井n 装
2-. escri$e your B4+ configuration* please.
一下 E&井n . 你
2/. +) B4+E3$low out pre1enter eFuipment5
+
related eFuipment as per S7
reFuirements .
opqrsE_t &井nuv w 关
22. o you print t%e drilling c%art '
2A x : ; 你
28. Aa0e me up G -H00.
-
y
00
z{Y%
26. +/u 3pic0 up5B4+ set csg slip .
|起&井n,}套管 ~% 卡
#0. +/u B4+ * roug% cut csg * dress
+
$e1el csg stu$ to (
1
/2

* ?/u ,@A casing %ead
testing spool +) same to -00psl .
上|&井n,•G套管,2€•套管 ‚ 并
(&1/28
,安装
,@A
套管
*

-000psi.
#1. A%at siIe of <et will $e used '
用多]E5眼
#2. A%at met%od do you ta0e to raise t%e drilling speed .
ƒ„c|高 井…度% 种
)o in crease weig%t on $it is t%e effecti1e met%od
†‡ 是ˆ有‰Eƒ„
##. )%e driller was wor0ing on +3drill pipe5 w%ile we repaired t%e pump.
Š ,s _^‹Œ\ - 当
#(. )%e 1alu
#-. )%e 1al1e seat was was%ed out * please get t%e puller.
• Ž•:, < •n‘ % 来
#/. +lease rec%ec0 t%e pac0ing $ox.
’ “”
#2. Ma0e up steera$le assy3assem$ly5
+
!@?.
.•–井 -,JK下
#8. =low c%ec0 connection *always $e prepared for a flow
+
H2S gas. @= t%ere is a
flow *record dept% if t%ere is ;no8 H2S ,ont !L" w/wtr
+
gel slips .
—˜, ™Ph—˜CA
H2S
Eš ,›œ有—˜, 井深%›•—˜ 气体 ,
%
#6. 7t liner point* pump 2- BBL H.+ ;mar0er8 sweep followed $y 8( ,= mud to
surface circulation %ole clean.
下ž管深度,23
2-
桶高粘泥 ,JKŸ用)
8(+,=
E泥 / jŒ¡
井眼% 清
(0. !ecord total pumps st0s3stro0es5.

(0
¢
=ill pipe w/mud e1ery 10 stands.
下 £
10
mD一¤泥 %
(1
¢
!@H liner on -8 +* rop a (8rift own eac% stands* use only ;one8 rift.
Ÿ用
1
¥
(8
¦ ¦ *, 用 径 并
-8
*下3ž管%
(2
¢
?/> J set 118 test plug.
安装
118
6š %
(#
¢
=lus% t%roug% B4+ stac0 c%o0e manifold w/water
Ÿ用 5 §&井nC ˜管 % 清 冲
((
¢
+)
H
pressure test
I
Hydril 3#00/2000+S@ 10 minutes eac% w/c%art5
¨©ª &井n H«
#00psi/

2000psi
I
(-
¢
+/> 6&-/88 cup tester set /0Cown. !un2 S)S of HA+3%ea1y weig%t drill pipe5
$elow c/tester3cup tester5. +) )B"3tu$ing5/spool* ma0e up to #00/2-00 +S@* L/
,/)ester.
¬
6&-/88
6,下3
2
m‡) *, -管 w ,«
#00psi/

2-00psi
%
(/
¢
?/> J !@H ++H +K!
H
pac0er
I
7ssy on ( 1/28 11./B )B".

安 Ÿ用 装并
(&1/28
-管下3
++H
C&®n%
(2
¢
rift )B" e1ery 20008.

£
20008
¦一¤-管%
(8
¢
M/> ,@!, %ead* ,@!,3circulation5 one ,S" 1olume.

¬上/ ,/
1
套管¯ %
(6
¢
A%atLs going on '

bWX ; 么
-0
¢
A%atLs operation today '

TU w:X S ; 么
-1
¢
A%at operation is it now '

b°b wX S ; 么
-2
¢
How muc% is t%e !4+ 3rate of penetration5'

±² …是多少;
-#
¢
Ma0e me a call G 2-00L.J fax t%e !4+ c%art.

2j
2-00C
Y2 < x % 个 并真 来
-(
¢
Ma0e mea a call G #-00L J =ax t%e !4+ c%art.

2j
#-00
Y2 ³ ±x % 个 并真
--
¢
A%atLs %appening to you '

bWX ; 你 么
-/
¢
A%at are you doing '

°bPX ; 你 么
-2
¢
A%atLs t%is ' )%is is a pic0 up mac%ine.

是X ; 是下套管 % 么
-8
¢
A%atLs t%at ' )%at is a power tong.
´是X ;´是L ] % 么
-6
¢
pump on. +ump off.

,‹ % 开
/0
¢
pic0 up off $ottom * slac0 off.

| 井', 离

下a%
/1
¢
@Lll %a1e to as0 t%e driller for permission to repair t%e pump.

Y^µ^ ¶s _Š :%
/2
¢
one of t%e main components of t%e rig t%at limits t%e dept% capacity is t%e
rawwor0s.

·¸ ± 深c¹E)_º»之一是 E ¼c¹%
/#
¢
)%e manufacturer rates t%e drawwor0s $y an input %orsepower and dept% rating.

½o 3¾¿C • 深 • ±% 厂 来
/(
¢
)%e dept% rating is $ased on t%e use of ( 1/28 drillpipe.

井深E •是ÀÁ
;(/28
*%
/-
¢
)%e true capacity of a drawwor0s is $ased on t%e single line pull in
clutc%es3speeds
I

±E ¼是ÀÁ  Eù% 真
//
¢
Mast is correctly rated $y %oo0 load wit% a specified num$er of line and set$ac0.

井ÄE •是ÀÁ] ¼C *”¯Å%
/2
¢
t%e %oo0 load is t%e maximum amount of weig%t. )%at can $e suspended from t%e
crown$loc0 and safety mo1ed or wor0ed.

b安全RS 下,] ¼是 ÁU 下EÆ Eˆ]ù% 状 挂
/8
¢
set$ac0 is t%e amount of weig%t t%at can $e rac0ed w%ile t%e maximum %oo0 load
is $eing carried.
*”¯Å是ÇÆ bˆ] ¼下E *”ÈÉaE *Eˆ]¯Å%
/6
¢
)%e num$er of lines is t%e total num$er of lines strung $etween t%e tra1eling
$loc0 and t%e crown. t%is excludes t%e fast line and deadline

是ÊÁÆ CU 之 E %Ë^ÌÍÎ CÏ 数 数
20
¢
increasing t%e num$er of lines decrease t%e pull on t%e drawers and mast .

E†‡是 少 ±C井ÄEù% 数 会
22
¢
E1aluating a mast to determine if it %as sufficient capacity for a drilling well is
relati1ely simple .

Ð井Ä是$有Ñ c¹ 2井是 E% 来
2#
¢
etermine t%e maximum %oo0 load t%at will $e reFuired.

•ˆ] 是ÒÓ%E% !
2(
¢
t%is usually ours on t%e deeper casing strings3wit% allowance for $uoyancy5.

Ô ÕÁˆ深E套管> 种 "
2/
¢
t%e mud pumps are anot%er main component part of t%e drilling rig .

泥 是 ±上E 一 )_º»% 个
22
¢
piston 3duplex5 pumps generally are satisfactory for s%allow or medium&dept%
wells and %a1e not $een used on deep wells.

[套 一Ö用 ¢>¢深Œ ,×^用Á深井% # $
28
¢
%ig%er pressure reFuired $y t%e deeper wells *increasing pro$lems are
encountered wit% lea0ing 1al1e caps *liner %ead *and seals.

深井 有 高E ,• [套u 7 A % 会 会
26
¢
plunger pumps 3triplex pumps5 are preferred* especially under %ig%&pressure
operating conditions *$ecause t%ey perform more efficiently and reFuire less
maintenance and repair.

ØÙb高 EÔ 下 三[ , 是ÚÁÙÛ有‰C 少EŠÜ% " 会
80
¢
t%ey s%ould $e eFuipped wit% surge c%am$ers or pulsation dampeners to
minimiIe pressure fluctuations.

Ó_安 Ý ÌÞ 少 ¹ß % 装 气
81
¢
pumps are usually named or classified according to t%eir maximum power.

Eà 是“áÙˆ]¾¿%
82
¢
pumps are also rated at a maximum pressure.

âãÞ用 ¹ à %
8#
¢
pumps are furt%er rated $y t%e maximum pressure and stro0e per minute 3spm5
for a gi1en liner or plunger siIe.
Û 一ä Eà ãå用ˆ] ¹C H •E[套uI 冲数
8(
¢
a large %ole is drilled at s%allower dept%s and reFuires a greater 1olume of fluid .
t%is 1olume is needed to gi1e t%e necessary annular 1elocity to clean t%e %ole.

Ó_]EÉÅ,]EÉÅ|æ Ýç…,用Á 眼% $ 清 开
8/
¢
large 1olumes at low pressures are o$tained $y using large liners and plungers.

Ÿ用]E[套C µb« ]ÉÅ 来
82
¢
sometimes two pumps will $e placed in parallel ser1ice to o$tain sufficient
1olume.

_ µ有‰EÉÅ有 Ÿ用 台
88
¢
t%is can usually $e done at lower pressure $ut pro$lems done to pressure
at %ig%er pressure.

]EÉÅãÞb« Ô 下 µ,Ëb高 Ô 下 有 A % " " 会
86
¢
anot%er disad1antage of t%is is t%at $ot% pumps are operating and must $e s%ut
down to repaired. )%is restraints operations.

一 èé是用 台 ,!Ó_ŠÜ ÒJ‹下 , ·¸: 井S % 个 来
60
¢
deeper dept%s * t%ere is an increased pressure loss in t%e drill string .

ê井深E†‡, * ¹ ë †‡% % & 会
61
¢
a smaller %ole usually is $eing drilled *so less fluid 1olume is needed to maintain
t%e 1elocity to clean t%e %ole.

ì井眼 , ìEÉÅíãÞ §井眼% 清
62
¢
$alance is ac%ie1ed $y using smaller liners or plunger .

Ÿ用 ìE[套íãÞ Ñ_t%
6#
¢
t%e num$er and siIe of mud pits need will depend upon t%e dept% of t%e well
*specific mud reFuirements * and ot%er related factors.

泥 î Åï Á井深C泥 ÓtuÙ ðñ 数 ! '
6(
¢
t%is can 1ary from a single pit on small rigs to o1er fi1e pits on large rigs.

ð ±]ì^ò,î Åã 一 8ó % 数 ( 个 个
6-
¢
mud pits range in siIe from 100to o1er 200$$l.

£îE¯ (
100
8
200
桶^ô%
6/
¢
t%e wor0ing mud 1olume in a pit will usually a1erage a$out /- to 2-M of t%e total
calculated .1olume after allowing for dead 1olume and top clearance.

有‰¯ ,一Ö是õ î ö¯ E 个
/-M
j
2-M
62
¢
as a rule of t%um$* t%e wor0ing surface mud 1olume s%ould $e a$out one&%alf t%e
%ole 1olume .

„ ,Œ¡泥 Å] 是井 泥 ÅE一÷ &
68
¢
t%is ratio allows sufficient surface retention time to permit $lending and mixing in
order to maintain a constant* well&$alanced mud system .

_Qø井 泥 •]ù度E ú,Œ¡上_‚有Ñ 配 % &
66
¢
additions 1olumes causes excessi1e treating costs .

多FE泥 †‡ ûEüý 会
100
¢
t%e most common rolling lone $it is tle steel&toot% or milled&toot%* in w%ic% t%e
teet% are milled on eac% cone.

ˆO用E牙 是
101
¢
t%e insert $it %as tungsten car$ide inserts mounted in %oles in t%e cone rat%er
%a1ing teet% milled on t%e cone .

是 ú b牙 上× A % 来
102
¢
t%e +, $it pro1ides faster * more economical way to drill in many formation*
t%ey remo1e roc0 $y s%earing rat%er crus%ing or grinding as rolling cone $its
do .
+,
|æ:Û CÛÎE ƒþ,ÿÞ破碎Œ 是¦ 剪切ƒþ×^是
ƒþ象牙 5 碰
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