A PRE-DRILLING PREPARATION

A1 Inspection for Road and Bridge conditions
(Conversation between a rig manager and a supervisor)
Supervisor: When do you plan to move?
RigManager: We can move next Saturday i it clears up!
Supervisor: "ave you already prepared or moving?
RigManager: #verything has been put in order as re$uired by the company!
Supervisor: What % worry about most is the condition o the road and the
bridge! &o you have any problem with it?
RigManager: We did the inspection three days ago and the report will be
presented to you tomorrow!
Supervisor: Who is in charge o the wor'?
RigManager: % am!
Supervisor: (lease tell me how ar it is rom the old well site to the new
one?
RigManager: )bout one hundred and twenty 'ilometers!
Supervisor: "ow about the condition o the road?
RigManager: *he road is +, 'ilometers long and - meters wide. wide enough or
heavy/duty e$uipment to pass!
Supervisor: Which e$uipment is the biggest?
RigManager: SCR (silicon controlled rectiier) house!
Supervisor: )re there any obstacles. such as high voltage lines. telephone
lines and viaducts?
RigManager: *here are high voltage lines in two places. telephone lines in
one place and a viaduct! )ll o them are over -!0meters high!
Supervisor: "ow many bridges are there along the road?
RigManager: *hree concrete bridges altogether!
Supervisor: What is the allowed maximum load?
RigManager: -, tons!
Supervisor: Which e$uipment is the heaviest?
RigManager: *he drawwor's is about +, tons!
Supervisor: What is the tonnage o the truc' you use to carry the
drawwor's?
RigManager: -, tons!

A2 Well site Arrangeents
(Conversation between a rig manager and a supervisor)
Supervisor: "ello. Mr! 1i!
RigManager: "ello. )1#2!
Supervisor: 1et3s tal' about the arrangements o the new well site!
RigManager: Sure. % am going to tal' about it with you!
Supervisor: % want to remind you that the new well site is 4,,, s$uare
meters smaller than the old one!
RigManager: *hen. how do you ma'e a reasonable arrangement?
Supervisor: % suggest that the storehouses should be placed on the right o
the rig .5ust between the rig and well site oices!
RigManager: 6ood idea7 %n this way we can save 8, s$uare meters!
Supervisor: Where do you thin' is the best place or the drill pipe sledge?
RigManager: Shall we put them on the empty space beyond the drill site? !
Supervisor: Sure. but such arrangement should ma'e it easy to load and
oload!
RigManager: )ny other re$uirements. such as the arrangement or the third
party?
Supervisor: 2o! % was satisied with your arrangement or the third party
e$uipment last time. which % thin' is reasonable!
RigManager: *han' you or your praise. you will be satisied this time!
Supervisor: % hope so. 6ood luc'!
RigManager: *han's. bye/bye!
Supervisor: 9ye/bye!
A! E"#ipent Inspection
(Conversation between a supervisor and a "!S!# engineer)
Supervisor: Can you tell me the date o the last inspection?
#ngineer: %t was on March 4-
th
according to the daily record!
Supervisor: "ow many days have passed since the last inspection?
#ngineer: )bout 4,0 days!
Supervisor: "ow many pieces o e$uipment need inspecting this time?
#ngineer: 4: types and 4,: pieces!
Supervisor: "ow many pieces o e$uipment have been inspected by now?
#ngineer: 88 pieces. two o them are not up to the re$uirements!
Supervisor: Which two? "ow should we replace them?
#ngineer: We can use the +0,/ton elevator and :; non/magnetic drill collar!
We have spare parts or them! &on3t worry about it!
Supervisor: 9ut please remember that the deective e$uipment be mar'ed
with red paint. stored separately and then recorded in the iles!
#ngineer: *han' you or your reminding!
A$ %o&ili'ation and rigging #p
(Conversation between a tool pusher and a rig manager)
*ool(usher: "ow many vehicles have been arranged this time?
RigManager: )ltogether +,.two -,/ton load. iteen <0/ton load. thirteen 40/
ton truc's!
*ool(usher: "ow many cranes are available? What are their liting
capacities respectively?
RigManager: *here are six cranes. including two +,/ton cranes. one <0/ton
crane. and three <,/ton cranes!
*ool(usher: Which e$uipments should be loaded irst?
RigManager: *he derric' substructure!
*ool(usher: =ur group is in charge o oloading and rigging up e$uipment
on the new well site! "ave you any re$uirements?
RigManager: (lease ensure saety and have someone to direct the crane
operation properly and watch the operation careully!
*ool(usher: *he driller is excellent in #nglish! Can we let him be in charge
o this?
RigManager: =>! 9ut please remember dierent slings be purpose/intended
dierently!
*ool(usher: We have prepared : pairs o sling. including two pairs o 4
+?:;. our pairs o @?:;. one pair o 0?:;and one pair o +?:;!
RigManager: 9esides. you are supposed to ma'e sure that the vehicles are
transported properly. the cranes are operated steadily and the
e$uipment is put in the right place without ailure and secured
in right manner!
*ool(usher: WeAll do it according to the instruction and the re$uirements or
a sae and eective operation!
A( Preparation of %#d Instr#ents
(Conversation between a mud engineer and a mud man )
#ngineer: "ave you got the mud instruments ready?
Mud man: Bes. we have chec'ed all the instruments!
#ngineer: &o you need to replace or supplement any instruments?
Mud man: Bes. we need to replace one. and supplement two!
#ngineer: Which instrument needs to be replaced and what instruments need
to be supplemented?
Mud man: We need to change the Speciic gravity balance as its graduated
arm is deormed! )nd more water/loss ilter paper and (" test
paper are needed!
#ngineer: %s there any new speciic gravity balance in the warehouse?
Mud man: Bes there is. but % don3t 'now where it is exactly!
#ngineer: ='. %3ll as' the material man or it! "ow many pieces o ilter
paper and test paper do you want respectively?
Mud man: 4<, pieces o ilter paper and 48, pieces o (" test paper!
#ngineer: )ny other concerns?
Mud man: 2o more except the site oice! %t needs cleaning!
#ngineer: (lease clean it as soon as possible!
Mud man: WeAll do it right now!
#ngineer: => !See you tomorrow!
Mud man: See you tomorrow!
A) Preparation of *ire E"#ipent
(Conversation between a saety inspector and a driller)
%nspector: "ave you chec'ed the ire e$uipment?
&riller: *he assistant driller is doing it now!
%nspector: *his is an exploration well. so the supervisor re$uires we should
have suicient ire control e$uipment. which is in good condition
and in the right places!
&riller: *hrough chec'ing. we ind that a pressure gauge on the -0/
'ilogram ire extinguisher is bro'en and three portable :/
'ilogram ire extinguishers are out o date!
%nspector: (lease have a complete chec' according to the maintenance
manual and record the details!
&riller: )ll right!
%nspector: Which warehouse are the new ire extinguishers in?
&riller: *he -0/'ilogram ire extinguishers are in 2o! < warehouse !
%nspector: We are short o 8, meters o ire hose! "ow are you going to
solve the problem?
&riller: We have prepared 4,, meters o new ire hose. We can use the new
hose!
%nspector: We are short o three ire spades. and two ire pails are damaged!
(lease have them ready as soon as possible!
&riller: 2o problem. please give the list to the material man and as' him or
the stu!
%nspector: *hat3s ine! % shall have them arranged as $uic'ly as possible!
&riller: ='!
A+ Preparation of dail,-#sed aterials
(Conversation between a rig manager and a material man)
Manager: "ave you got the everyday materials ready?
Material: Bes. we have! We were about to report to you!
Manager: 6ood! What accessories have you prepared or daily drilling?
Material: 2ow we have <,, singles o <35oint and one Φ 44, gasbag!
Manager: What spare pump parts do you have?
Material: Six Φ40, and Φ48, liners. and twenty/our Φ40, and Φ48,
pistons respectively!
Manager: What materials do you have or the engine generators?
Material: #ighteen pieces o air ilter cloths. 48 engine oil ilters and <-
diesel oil ilter cartridges!
Manager: What everyday/consumed electrical materials do you have?
Material: 48, meters o +,mm
<
cable. our 4,/ampere air switches and three
sets o +,/ampere explosion/proo plugs!
Manager: "ow many commonly used hand tools have you prepared?
Material: - grease guns. < hac'saws. +, steel brushes. 8 pliers and a ring
spanner!
Manager: that is ine!
A- Transportation and co#nication
(Conversation between a driller and a toolpusher )
&riller: "ow many vehicles are on duty during the inter/location move ?
*oolpusher: *hree!
&riller: "ow do you coordinate the move between the two sites with +
vehicles?
*oolpusher: *wo or the old site and one or the new site!
&riller: "ow will you get the crew to the new site?
*oolpusher: We shall use three truc's to get them there and 'eep one truc'
on duty!
&riller: What 'ind o vehicle is used to send water and ood?
*oolpusher: *he pic' up!
&riller: % the transportation truc' brea's down on the road. which truc' is
supposed to help?
*oolpusher: *he one. which is the nearest to the incident spot!
&riller: "ow do you communicate between the two well sites?
*oolpusher: *he two sites are close to each other this time. so we can use
wal'ie/tal'ies or communication!
&riller: "ow will you share the wal'ie/tal'ies? Who 'eep and use them?
*oolpusher: We have two or each well site. the toolpusher and the driller
use them!
&riller: When will you ix the antenna o the wireless radio station?
*oolpusher: *he sooner. the better!
A. Electrical E"#ipent
(Conversation between an electrical engineer and an electrician)
#ngineer: "ow many 'inds o electrical voltages do you have on the well
site?
#lectrician: *hree. all together!
#ngineer: What are they?
#lectrician: 44, volts. <<, volts and +:, volts!
#ngineer: What e$uipment are they used or respectively?
#lectrician: 44,/volt is used or imported electrical e$uipment!
#ngineer: "ow about <<,/volt?
#lectrician: %t is used or oice e$uipment and China/made lighting
e$uipment!
#ngineer: how about +:,/volt?
#lectrician: *he +:,/volt is used or the China/made circulation system!
#ngineer: "ow is the 44,v electricity generated?
#lectrician: %t is provided by the SCR!
#ngineer: What advantages does it have?
#lectrician: %t can give electrical motors stepless speed change!
#ngineer: What eect does stepless speed change have on production?
#lectrician: %t is more convenient and lexible to operate. and meets various
re$uirements in dierent wor'ing conditions!
#ngineer: What are the saety re$uirements or the electric circuit?
#lectrician: *he cable speciications must meet )(% standards!
#ngineer: What are the re$uirements or the lighting system and electrical
motors?
#lectrician: )ll the electrical e$uipments must be explosion proo!
A1/ A#0iliar, E"#ipent
(Conversation between a tool pusher and a driller)
*oolpusher: What 'inds o auxiliary e$uipment are commonly used on the
drill loor?
&riller: ) hydraulic tongs. hydraulic cathead. air winch and survey unit.
etc!
*oolpusher: Can you tell me something about the hydraulic tongs?
&riller: )ll right! What do you want to 'now?
*oolpusher: Can you tell me siCes or the tong mouths?
&riller: =>! *here are 0 siCes. ranging rom < +?:; to 8 4?-;!
*oolpusher: "ow do you control the ma'e/up tor$ue?
&riller: We can control it according to the tor$ue indicator!
*oolpusher: "ow many power sources do the hydraulic tons need?
&riller: *wo sources!
*oolpusher: Can you give me an introduction about them?
&riller: Sure! *he gas power is rom a gas cylinder and the hydraulic
power is rom a hydraulic tan'!
*oolpusher: Where does the pressure o the hydraulic tan' come rom?
&riller: %t comes rom the piston pump!
*oolpusher: "ow high is the pressure that it produces?
&riller: *he designed pressure is : atm!
*oolpusher: What should we do i it is diicult to unscrew with the power
tong?
&riller: We can do it with hydraulic cathead!
*oolpusher: "ow does the hydraulic cathead wor' (unction)?
&riller: *he tension is produced through reciprocation o the piston in the
hydraulic cylinder!
*oolpusher: What other uses does the hydraulic cathead have?
&riller: We oten use it while tripping in and out o the hole!
*oolpusher: What other advantages does the hydraulic cathead have besides
heavy power?
&riller: %t is sae. reliable and eective!
*oolpusher: Where does its power come rom?
&riller: %t3s supplied by hydraulic tan'!
1sef#l E0pressions
4! What (where、when、how) do you plan toDD?
4! "ow about the DD?
4! "ow many (much) E2 do you have DD?
4! "ow many 2 are thereDD?
4! be in charge o DD
4! be good at DD
4! )ny more (other) re$uirement (problems $uestions)?
4! no more exceptDD
4! be in good conditionDD
4! be short o DD
4! be on dutyDD
4! the sooner .the betterDD
4! can you tell me DD?
4! (lease tell me DD
4! be up to D!(be not up toDD)
4! have you got DDready?
4! "ave DDarranged as $uic'ly (soon) as possible
4! % so .we will (should 、can)DD
4! What should we do iDD?
A 22 部分 3
advantage n! F FF 点,
air wrench n ! 套筒扳手
ampere n! 安培
antenna n! FFFF 天 ,触
arrangement n! 安排. F 准
assistant ad5! 副的.助理的
auxiliary ad5! F助的,附属的
available ad5! FFF 可 得的.可用的
capacity n! 容量. FFF 生 能力
cartridge n ! 芯
cathead n! F 猫
communicate v! !
concrete n! "#$
coordinate v! FF FF ,%
crane n! F &
crew n! F FFF , ,'
cylinder n! (),*)
deective ad5! +,-的.+.点的
deorm v! F/. FF /0 1
derric' n! 23.F4
diesel n! 567
domestic ad5! 89的,:8的
draw wor' n! FF
eective ad5! +;的
exploration n ! <=,=>
extinguisher n! F?@. FF A @
ilter paper n! FF
ire pail n! ABC
lexible ad5! DEF的,GH的
gas bag n! *I.*J
gauge n! 量@. F 量 .K
generator n! FF7.F生@
graduated arm n! L
gravity balance n! F MN
grease gun n F O6
hac'saw n! FF
high voltage line n! FF P
hydraulic ad5! FFFFFF Q 的,R 的
incident spot n! ST点
inclinometer n! F F U
indicator n! FFFF VW ,V
inspection n! FF FF ,
instrument n! @X.FK
'ilogram n! YZ.[\
'ilometer n! Y],[^
magnetic ad5! _`的._的
maintenance n! Fa.bc
manner n! de.Ff
manual ad5! 手g的.h力的
move v! FF FFFFF , ,ij
obstacle n! kl,mln
oload v! FF op q
organiCe v! FF
piston n! Hr
pliers n! F
pneumatic ad5! FF *s的,* 的
port n! Rt,u
pre/drilling n! Fv
proo v! DD B 的. DD w 的
reasonable ad5! FF xy的,+z 的
reciprocation n! FFFFFF { ,|}
rectiier n! FFF ~!@, •@
remind v! ۥ
replace v! F ‚ . ƒ‚
respectively adv! FF 分 „
rig n! F FFFF 7, 2…†
satisy v! FF % ‡
secure ad5! 安ˆ的.可‰的
separately ad5! FFF 分Š的 ‹的
silicon controlled rectiier n! 可Œ•Ž
sledge n! F •
sling n! F & .&>
spade n! F.F
spanner n! 扳手
s$uare n! •d,‘d/
store house n! FF ’“Ž,
stu n! Fg.Fg
substructure n! 23”•.FFF
supervisor n! F–h.
supplement n! F — .FF
suppose v! ˜™.š›
survey v! FFFF < , 量
tan' n! œ
tonnage n! •ž
tool pusher n! F FF Ÿ
tor$ue n! FF ¡, ¡
vehicle n! FF.FFg¢
viaduct n F P3
wal'ie/tal'ie n! FF £ 7
warehouse n ! FF.FF
well site n! F 2ž,2
wireless ad5! FF ¤ 的
wrench n! 扳手
B DRILLING PRO4ED1RE
B1 Drilling Progra
(Conversation between a tool pusher and a supervisor)
Supervisor: &o you 'now anything about the drilling program?
*oolpusher: Bes. % do!
Supervisor: Can you give me a brie introduction about it?
*oolpusher: = course. the planned total depth o this well is <-0,m with the
conductor pipe being set at +8m and the surace casing at
40,m!*he intermediate casing is not needed!
Supervisor: (lease tell me something about the casing siCes !
*oolpusher: =>!*he diameter o the conductor pipe and that o the surace
casing and the production casing are <,;.4- +?-; and @;!
Supervisor: Bou should prepare suitable rabbits and some other tools or
running casing!
*oolpusher: We will drill a <-; hole or the conductor pipe. then drill surace
hole. production hole with 4@ 4?<; and G 0?: bits!
Supervisor: "ow about mud programs?
*oolpusher: We will drill this well with lime polymer mud system! *he
maximum density is 4!:Gg?cm
+
and the viscosity is about 8,
seconds!
Supervisor: *here is a lost circulation with the oset well. so we should be
more careul!
*oolpusher: Bou are right! %t will be very hard to drill due to the high
pressure in this well!
Supervisor: So 9=( drill and ire drill are very important!
*oolpusher: Hurthermore. we have to prepare enough 1CM and 'ill material!
Supervisor: "ow deep is the main pay Cone?
*oolpusher: )pproximately rom 480, to <+,,m!
Supervisor: So. you are supposed to perorm the related drills and slow
pump stro'e test when you are reaching the depth o 40,,m?
*oolpusher: Bes. the pressure gradient is 4!<Mpa?4,,m!We must be careul!
Supervisor: *ell me about the drilling parameters?
*oolpusher: Sure! *he parameters or drilling the conductor hole are :,
R(M.44, S(M with double pumps </8ton W=9. and the R=( is
less -,m?h!
Supervisor: *he parameters or drilling the surace hole are 4<,R(M.
4,0S(M with single pump. -/:* W=9! Right?
*oolpusher: Bes. youAre right!
Supervisor: %s it re$uired to survey every +, meters?
*oolpusher: Bes. the max deviation angle is not more than <!0 degrees!
Supervisor: *here will be a wiper trip every 40,m or <- hours .right?
*oolpusher: #xactly!
B2 Drilling Tool and Bit
(Conversation between a driller and a supervisor)
Supervisor: What type is the next bit ?
&riller: %t is a cone bit!
Supervisor: Why did you pull out o the hole so slowly?
&riller: 9ecause we had bit balling!
Supervisor: Why do you re$uire us to pull out o hole so re$uently?
&riller: % want to chec' the bit and change the noCCles! *he pump pressure
is too low. you 'now!
Supervisor: Where is the cross over or connecting the :; drill collar and the
@; drill collar?
&riller: %n the doghouse! *he loor man has cleaned it!
Supervisor: &o you have any spare 'elly saver sub?
&riller: We have had < machined! *hey will be available!
Supervisor: "ave you got the stabbing valve and the inside 9=( ready?
&riller: Bes we do! *hey are on the rig loor!
Supervisor: "ow many types o drill collar do you have on the rig site? )nd
how many spiral drill collars?
&riller: *here are our types o drill collars: G;.:;.@;.84?<;! *hey are all
spiral drill collars!
Supervisor: When are you going to ma'e up the :;&C?
&riller: )ter the 9=( is tested!
Supervisor: When will you lay down the &C? *he inspector is already here!
&riller: We may lay down the drilling strings at 0p!m ater pulling out o
the hole!
Supervisor: What type o tong do you use when you ma'e up the drill collar.
9 type?
&riller: 9 type tong! *he hydraulic tongs are bro'en!
Supervisor: %s the tor$ue indicator in good condition!
&riller: Bes!
Supervisor: What 'ind o drill pipe did you buy recently?
&riller: *he drill pipes with 4:°shoulder!*hey are dierent rom what we
had beore!
Supervisor: %s its %& the same as that o the drill pipe with G,°shoulder!
&riller: Bes. it is!
Supervisor: Why are the new drill pipes so heavy?
&riller: 9ecause they are heavy wall drill pipes!
Supervisor: "ow many "W&(s did % as' you to connect this morning?
&riller: Hiteen!
Supervisor: &o we need to close the coc' when we ma'e up the connection?
% so. don3t orget to reopen it!
&riller: &on3t worry !We have people in charge o these!
Supervisor: "ow should we ma'e the connection i the mouse hole is longer
than the drill pipe?
&riller: Iust put an elevator at the top o the mouse hole!
Supervisor: &o the elevator and slips on the drill loor wor' well?
&riller: Bes. they are lubricated as re$uired!
Supervisor: "ow many saety slips do you have on the drill loor?
&riller: *wo!
Supervisor: &o the re$uently used wellhead tools. such as elevator. slips.
saety slips need to be inspected?
&riller: Bes. but the wellhead tools have not been inspected or several
wells!
Supervisor: % noticed the mud splashed out while pulling out o the hole!
Why didnAt you use the mud box (mud saver)?
&riller: 9ecause it doesn3t wor'! *he welder is repairing it!
Supervisor: What is the mud box made o?
&riller: %t is made o steel sheets! %t is bro'en easily!
Supervisor: "as the drilling 5ar been sent here?
&riller: %t was sent here at : a!m! %t is on the pipe rac' now!
Supervisor: %s it new? What type?
&riller: Bes it is new! *he type has been recorded on the tour sheets!
Supervisor: Where is the shoc' sub itted?
&riller: %t is itted between the bit and the drill collar!
Supervisor: What is the principal unction o the shoc' sub?
&riller: *o buer the percussion orce applied to the bit while drilling!
Supervisor: %t is necessary to chec' the siCe o the stabiliCer while pulling
out o the hole?
&riller: Bes. it is! %t needs to be changed i the siCe is worn smaller!
Supervisor: "ow many stabiliCers are needed or this 'ind o bottom hole
assembly?
&riller: *hree are needed. as this is a directional well!
Supervisor: "ow many bit brea'ers are there on the drill loor?
&riller: *wo! =ne is G @?: inches! *he other is on the sledge!
Supervisor: *his bit brea'er has been worn out! Why hasnAt it been changed?
&riller: We have spares! *he loor men are on the way to get it!
Supervisor: What tools do you need?
&riller: % need two chain tongs and one ixing pipe tong!
Supervisor: "ow many 'inds o tools are there in the toolboxes?
&riller: *here are many 'inds. such as a mon'ey wrench. a chain wrench.
a pipe wrench. all 'inds o open/ended spanners and a box
spanner. and so on!
Supervisor: %s the bench clamp on the drill loor?
&riller: 2o. it isn3t! %t is in the tool house!
Supervisor: Where is the screwdriver and hand vice that % put in the toolbox
yesterday?
&riller: *he assistant driller 5ust too' it away!
B! 4oon Drilling Instr#ents And Drilling Paraeters
(Conversation between a supervisor and a derric' man)
Supervisor: What other drilling instruments are used during drilling in
addition to the weight indicator pump pressure gauge and the
low rate gauge?
&erric' Man: We also use a rotary gauge. a tor$ue gauge. a mud recorder
etc!
Supervisor: What drilling parameters do you use during drilling?
&erric' Man: (ump pressure. weight on bit. rotary speed. low rate. tor$ue
and so on!
Supervisor: What about the mud parameters?
&erric' Man: Hor mud parameters we have viscosity. water loss. mud
weight. solid content. sand content. and so on!
Supervisor: What parameters can be shown on the weight indicator?
&erric' Man: *he weight on bit and the hoo' load!
Supervisor: %s the rotational viscosimeter used to indicate the plastic
viscosity o the mud?
&erric' Man: *hatAs right!
Supervisor: What problems can be identiied based on the changes o the
pump pressure?
&erric' Man: 9it balling. washout o drilling strings. loss o circulation. 'ic'
and the li'e!
Supervisor: Can the pump stro'es be used to calculate the low return?
&erric' Man: Bes. they can!
Supervisor: What is the tor$ue o the tong used or?
&erric' Man: %t is used to ensure that the drilling strings are connected
properly!
Supervisor: "ow about the drilling luid level sensor?
&erric' Man: %t can be used to identiy and warn you o the 'ic' and lost
circulation!
Supervisor: &o you use the metric system with the mud/weight/balance?
&erric' Man: Bes! 9ut we use 9ritish system too!
Supervisor: %s the mud density out e$ual to the mud density in under the
normal conditions?
&erric' Man: 2ormally. the mud density out is greater than the mud density
in under normal conditions!
Supervisor: What does it indicate i the mud/density/out is less than the
mud/density/in?
&erric' Man: %t indicates that there is ormation luid in the borehole!
Supervisor: %s the derric' man in charge o the deviation survey?
&erric' Man: Bes. he is!
Supervisor: &o we need to use the single/shot inclinometer i we have used
MW& instrument?
&erric' Man: 2o. you don3t!
Supervisor: )re the instruments you use powered by air source?
&erric' Man: Well. it depends! Some o them are powered by air and the
others by electricity!
Supervisor: "ow much air pressure is applied to the tachometer?
&erric' Man: %t is generally 8/@!0 atm
Supervisor: )re the drilling instruments very important or the driller?
&erric' Man: Bes. they are! Bou 'now the drilling instruments are the eyes
o the drillers!
Supervisor: Can you accurately control the trac' o the borehole by
ad5usting the
drilling parameters?
&erric' Man: Bes. we usually can!
Supervisor: "ow many ormation parameters can be measured by using
MW&?
&erric' Man: Hormation pressure. pore pressure. porosity and so on?
Supervisor: "ave you changed the air pressure gauge and the oil pressure
gauge o the engine?
&erric' Man: Bes. We have changed two oil pressure gauges!
Supervisor: &oes the air pressure gauge wor' well?
&erric' Man: Bes. it does! 9ut one o the two/way air valves is aging!
Supervisor: %s the high temperature and high/pressure ilter press made in
China?
&erric' Man: 2o. it isn3t !%t is made in )merica!
B$ 4oon Properties and Testing of t5e Drilling *l#id
(Conversation between a derric' man and a supervisor)
Supervisor: Who is in charge o mud?
&erric' Man: *he mud engineer and derric' man are in charge o mud!
Supervisor: What are the unctions o the drilling luid?
&erric' Man: %t can cool the bit and carry the cuttings!
Supervisor: "ow does the derric' man mix the mud?
&erric' Man: "e ills up the mud tan' with water and adds chemicals
according to the instruction o the mud engineer!
Supervisor: "ave you measured the properties o mud?
&erric' Man: Bes! % have measured the mud weight and viscosity!
Supervisor: "ave you illed up the trip tan' with mud?
&erric' Man: Bes. %t was illed up beore pulling out o the hole!
Supervisor: (lease maintain the mud weight at 4!4+/4!40g?cm
+
and the mud
viscosity or -0/0,s! (lease call me i there are any problems!
&erric' Man: =>. 2ow we will mix some bentonite in the pre/mixing tan'!
Supervisor: What is the derric' man doing?
&erric' Man: "e is chec'ing the deviation angle!
Supervisor: "ow do you separate the air rom the mud tan'?
&erric' Man: Iust mix - barrels o deoamer in the tan'!
Supervisor: Where do you chec' the mud?
&erric' Man: )t the shale sha'er!
Supervisor: %t is raining! (lease put the mud material in order and cover it
with the tarpaulin!
&erric' Man: Bes. sir! % will do it at once!
Supervisor: "ow long will it ta'e to clean the trip tan'?
&erric' Man: *hree hours!
Supervisor: )ll right! 2ow etch the mud weight balance to chec' over the
mud in the mud/weighting tan'!
B( Drill 6tring Asse&l,
(Conversation a between an engineer and loor man)
Hloor Man: =ne type o bottom hole assembly (9")) is used to maintain the
angle! What is it called?
#ngineer: %t is called the rigid. pac'ed hole assembly!
Hloor Man: &oes the pendulum drill/assembly prevent well deviation?
#ngineer: Bes. it can straighten the hole! *he tapered drill/assembly can be
used to prevent well deviation!
Hloor Man: Can we prevent the well rom deviating with proper use o the
stabiliCer?
#ngineer: Bes! *he stabiliCer has the unction o anti/deviation. control and
deviation building up!
Hloor Man: *he longer the bottom/hole assembly is. the better. isn3t it?
#ngineer: 2o! *he reasonable length o the bottom/hole assembly depends
on the weight on bit! 2ormally. the maximum weight on bit is
roughly e$ual to @,J o the total weight o the bottom/hole
assembly!
Hloor Man: %s drill string assembly or coring operation up to the standards
without a pac'ed/hole stabiliCer?
#ngineer: Bes. normally the ull/hole stabiliCer is not used during coring
operation in order to avoid down hole complicated conditions!
Hloor Man: 2ormally a stabiliCer is not used as part o the driting drilling
assembly. right?
#ngineer: 2o. it isn3t! 9ut a drilling 5ar has to be used!
Hloor Man: Where is a drilling 5ar ixed?
#ngineer: %t is ixed on the heavy wall drill pipe!
Hloor Man: What is the main unction o a shoc' absorber?
#ngineer: *o reduce the excessive impact on a drilling bit so as to prolong
the lie o the bit!
Hloor Man: What 'inds o drilling tools does a ishing assembly consist o?
#ngineer: %t normally consists o ma'e/up sub. saety sub. drilling 5ar. drill
collar and accelerator!
Hloor Man: Where should we ix the slip soc'et while ishing?
#ngineer: )t the bottom o the drill/string assembly!
Hloor Man: "ow to use the heavy wall drill pipe properly?
#ngineer: *he 40,m heavy drill pipe shall be used when the deviation angle
is between ,°-+0°,the <0,/+,,m heavy drill pipe be used
between +0°/:,°. and the +,,/-,,m heavy drill pipe be used
at :, and above !
Hloor Man: What does a power drilling assembly consist o?
#ngineer: %t consists o drilling bit. power drilling tool. bent sub. non/
magnetic drill collar. six drill collars and twelve heavy wall drill
pipes!
Hloor Man: Hor S 4+0 drill pipe. do you 'now what S4+0 means?
#ngineer: S4+0 means that the tensile strength is 4+0(S%!
Hloor Man: Can we pull out o the hole without using the saety slip?
#ngineer: 2o!
Hloor Man: "ow can the derric' men put the big siCed drill collar into the
ingerboard while tripping to 9")?
#ngineer: &erric' men can pull drill collar into the ingerboard by using the
small hoist!
Hloor Man: 2ormally. where is the neutral point during drilling operation?
#ngineer: %t is on the drill collar or heavy drill pipe!
Hloor Man: "ow oten is the 9") inspected?
#ngineer: =nce every three months or continuous operation!
Hloor Man: Why is a mud non/corrosive ring placed in the drill string
assembly during drilling operation?
#ngineer: *o measure the corrosion o the drill string caused by the drilling
luid!
B) Instr#ctions of Drilling Operation and IAD4 Report
(Conversation between a company man and a contractor)
Contractor: Can we spud in today?
Co! man: % thin' so! We have inished doing the preparation! "ave you read
the instructions?
Contractor: Bes! %3m araid the water on the well site is not enough!
Co! man: Well. the conductor pipes. mud material and diesel oil haven3t
been delivered to the well site!
Contractor: % so. we can3t spud in until tomorrow!
Co! man: "ow will you ill in the %)&C report today?
Contractor: Well. we shall write 4,,J or the rigging up. and 4,,J or the
move!
Co! man: *hat3s great! *oday. we have also inished installing the mud
pump. the mud tan' and inished washing the mouse hole and
rat hole!
Contractor: @,ton 'm o the wire line has been used or the last wellK today
we have slipped the wire line!
Co! man: We used the 4@,mm liner or the last well! )nd we are going to
use the 48,mm instead this time!
Contractor: We have replaced the throttle and inspected the tor$ue sensor!
Co! man: *he tor$ue used with last well is a little bit higher than normal!
*he tor$ue sensor is probably the problem!
Contractor: &o you 'now the name o this well?
Co! man: Well. let me see. it must be 9ambooL@ in 2=!- bloc'!
Contractor: *hese are all the items we have or the report!
Co! man: =>. let3s clean up the warehouse!
Contractor: *he rubbish in the well site should be also cleaned out !)re there
any e$uipment to be maintained?
Co! man: )ll the e$uipment have been maintained. % thin' the loor ladder
and sliding tray need to be weldedK and the bit sledge needs to
be maintained!
Contractor: Right. let3s do our part o wor'!
Co! man: = all the instructions on the well site. which is the most
important?
Contractor: %t should be Msae operation;. especially the personnel3s saety!
Co! man: Bes. saety comes the irst. $uality comes the second. and the third
one should be speed!
B+ 65ifting and Inspecting
(Conversation between a loor man and a tool pusher or a rig manager)
Rig Manager: (lease as' the driller to describe what you inspected when you
changed shits!
Hloor man: =>! We have inspected the crown/bloc'. draw/wor's. the solid
control system and the circulating system!
Rig Manager: 1et3s as' the tool pushers to ma'e an introduction about the
last shit?
Hloor man: We maintained the centriuge. the desander pump and changed
two pieces o 4:, mess shale sha'er screen and the engine oil
in draw/wor' !2ow there is not enough grease available on
the well site!
Rig Manager: )ll right. we will report it to the rig manager! "ow about the
dead line anchor?
Hloor man: %t3s =>! 9ut the hydraulic oil or the weight indicator is
probably not enough!
Rig Manager: Well. we3ll as' the derric' man to add up the hydraulic oil as
soon as he ta'es is on duty!
Hloor man: We have also changed the air ilter and oil ilter or 2o!4 engine
motor!
Rig Manager: "as the assistant driller inspected the mud pump?
Hloor man: Bes. they have changed the spray pump and the gear oil!
Rig Manager: What about the condition o the well?
Hloor man: *he present well depth is <+,,m and the inclination is <°.*he
drilling ootage will soon reach +m per hour!
Rig Manager: &id the supervisor give us any new instructions?
Hloor man: Bes. he as'ed us to 'eep an eye on the change o tor$ue when
the drilling pressure is high!
Rig Manager: What about the re$uirements or drilling parameters?
Hloor man: "e as'ed us to raise the rotary speed to 4+, revolutions per
minute (rpm)!
Rig Manager: &o we need to perorm the 9=( test when we reach +,,,m?
Hloor man: = course. and we should also have a ire drill!
Rig Manager: %s the mud enough?
Hloor man: Bes. it is! 9ut the water loss is too much and the viscosity is a
little bit lower!
Rig Manager: &oes the supervisor have any special re$uirements?
Hloor man: "e as'ed us to 'eep in touch with the mud logging men! We will
perorm a short trip at - o3cloc' this aternoon!
Rig Manager: What is the matter with the hose? %s it sha'ing terribly?
Hloor man: Maybe the mud pump does not wor' well!
Rig Manager: What about the bit?
Hloor man: %t is getting somewhat dull as the drill speed is decreasing!
Rig Manager: %s there anything wrong with the surveying winch and the
inclinometer?
Hloor man: 2o! 9ut the developing solution and the inclinometer negatives
aren3t enough!
Rig Manager: "ave you got ready the 9=( chec' valves and the inside 9=(
tools?
Hloor man: Bes. we have! 9ut there might be a small problem with the
hydraulic valve!
Rig Manager: What about the pressure test o the last well?
Hloor man: *he hydraulic valve test ailed and there is also a problem with
cho'e valve!
Rig Manager: "as the eye washing station been connected with the water
pipe?
Hloor man: Bes. but the irst aid 'it and the stretcher are missing!
Rig Manager: "ave all the drilling strings been washed?
Hloor man: Bes. but we need more dope and thread sealed ilm on the rig
loor!
Rig Manager: "ave you inspected the drilling line?
Hloor man: Bes! We have inished slipping the drilling line!
Rig Manager: "ow about the air compressor?
Hloor man: We have changed the belt o the air compressor and maintained
the energy Nsaving generator!
B- T5e Dail, Reports
(Conversation between two tool pushers)
*oolpusher4: )re there any changes in drilling parameters?
*oolpusher<: We are not allowed to change the drilling parameters unless we
are told to do by the supervisor!
*oolpusher4: "ow much wor' have you inished or move today?
*oolpusher<: about -,J!
*oolpusher4: What is supposed to be speciically supplied the next day ater
we started moving?
*oolpusher<: *wo truc' loads o water. 4: cubic meters o diesel oil and :
barrels o gear oil!
*oolpusher4: "ow do you arrange the truc's or moving tomorrow?
*oolpusher<: *wo cranes or the new well site. two low beds or the old one!
*oolpusher4: "ow about the conditions o the new well site?
*oolpusher<: *he ground is not very lat near the wellheadK we3ll level it
with road scratchier and roller
*oolpusher4: "ow do you 5udge the wor' conditions i the drilling rate is
slow?
*oolpusher<: % everything is => on the ground. then % thin' the bit must be
getting dull!
*oolpusher4: "as the geological logging team notiied you when to inish
the drilling?
*oolpusher<: We can not complete drilling until the geologist gives the
written instruction!
*oolpusher4: Why is the pump pressure decreasing?
*oolpusher<: %t must be that the suction end o the mud pump does not wor'
well!
*oolpusher4: 2ow. we have got too much deviation angle! &o we need to
change the drilling parameters?
*oolpusher<: We must control the drilling rate below <,m?h!
*oolpusher4: Can we stop drilling to circulate the mud when drilling time is
getting too short?
*oolpusher<: 2o. you cannot! Iust change the screen o the shale sha'er to
-, meshes!
*oolpusher4: )s the ormation is too hard. (lease increase the W=9 to 48
tons!
*oolpusher<: &o we need to decrease the rotary speed to 4<, revolutions per
minute?
*oolpusher4: Bes. you can! (lease raise the pump pressure to 4:Mp
a.
is it
='?
*oolpusher<: )ll right !We can do that by increasing the pump stro'e to 440
stro'es per minute!
*oolpusher4: When the casings and casing heads are delivered to the well
site. please let me 'now. =>?
*oolpusher<: 2o problem !% will also give you the delivery sheet!
*oolpusher4: Would you please arrange some rooms or the dentist
(cementing men) and logging crew in the elevated houses?
*oolpusher<: %3m sorry the houses have been occupied! *hey have to stay at
the camp house!
*oolpusher4: %s there any satellite television and intercom in the camp
house?
*oolpusher<: Bes! *here is also a satellite telephone there! *hey can use it!
*oolpusher4: )ter cementing. please ill up the seismic pit with the mud!
*oolpusher<: )ll right! 9ut % am araid we need more mud!
*oolpusher4: Would you please give me the morning report beore -:,, am?
*oolpusher<: =>! %3ll give it to you along with the pressure testing recording
card!
*oolpusher4: "ow long do we have to wait beore we install the wellhead
ater cementing?
*oolpusher<: We don3t have to wait or the cement! Iust cut the casing right
ater cementing!
*oolpusher4: Can we irst lay down the drill string and then run the casing in
the hole?
*oolpusher<: 2o. we can3t !We can lay down the drill string ater cementing!
*oolpusher4: %s the or'lit operator proessional?
*oolpusher<: Bes. he is !2o one is allowed to touch the or'lit except the
or'lit operator!
*oolpusher4: "ave you solved the problems put orward by the saety/
inspecting department?
*oolpusher<: Bes. we have !We have put the ence around the well site!
*oolpusher4: "as the mechanical engineer ad5usted the throttle?
*oolpusher<: Bes! "e has repaired it and the pneumatic bra'e as well!
*oolpusher4: %s the person operating the bra'e bar a driller?
*oolpusher<: 2o. he isn3t! %t is the tool pusher who is ad5usting the bra'e
bar!
*oolpusher4: )re the bench drill and the pipe cutters in the tool house?
*oolpusher<: Bes. they are! )nd the portable welding machine and grinding
machines are in it. too!
*oolpusher4: &o all the people rom the derric' men up have their "S#
certiicates and well control certiicates?
*oolpusher<: Bes. they do!
*oolpusher4: &o you usually emphasiCe the saety at the shiting meeting?
*oolpusher<: Bes. we do! #veryone 'nows that saety is irst!
*oolpusher4: Could you give me the shit sheet beore 0:,,pm?
*oolpusher<: *he list o crewmember should be submitted beore 0:,,pm
everyday!
*oolpusher4: )re the engine man and the electrical engineer new comer?
*oolpusher<: Bes. they have 5ust wor'ed here or two months!
*oolpusher4: &oes this well have good oil and gas show?
*oolpusher<: Bes. it does !*he well has 4+ meters o oil ormation!
*oolpusher4: Why did you stop drilling yesterday evening?
*oolpusher<: We stopped to inspect and repair the energy/saving generator!
*oolpusher4: Why was the voltage not steady?
*oolpusher<: 9ecause we had electricity lea'age in the mud engineer3s
house!
1sef#l E0pressions
4! Bou are supposed toD
4! to pull out o
4! to ma'e up
4! to be made o
4! %t is necessary toD
4! to be on the way to
4! to be used to
4! to warn sb! = sth!
4! to put sth! in order
4! to depend on
4! to consist o
4! to preventD rom
4! 1et3s doD
4! (lease as' sb! to do sth!
4! to 'eep an eye on
4! to 'eep in touch with
4! what3s the matter withD?
4! %s there anything wrong withD?
4! Would you please doD?
4! to wait on cement
4! could you hand over toD?
4! under the normal conditions
4! according to
B 22 部分 3
aid 'it n! FF ¥¦ œ
anchor n! F F §„¨©
bench drill n! F ª
bit balling n FF…o@
blow out v! F F «,排«§2
bottom/hole n! 2”,2t¬部
bra'e bar n! -®
casing n! 套¯
centraliCer n! FFF °‘@p套¯±R² 用q
chain tong n! FF
coc' n! ³r
collar n! F FF ,´,µ´,
compressor n! FF FFF 7, *7
comprise v! FF ¶·,¶¸, ¹
cone bit n! FFF º
centriuge n! Š»7
corrosive ad5 FFFFFFFF ¼ `的,½ `的
cubic ad5 !¾d的,¿À的
deoamer n! FFFFF ÁÂ ,AÃ
density n! Äf
dentist n! Å2g
desander n! ÆÇ@
deviation n! Èž,ÈÉ
dope n! F6
down hole n! ”部2t,2¬,2¬的
drill loor n! Fª
drilling luid n! F2Q
drilling 5ar n! FFFF Ê Ë @
elevated ad5! ÌP的,€P的,P的
elevator n! &Í
excrescent ad5 ÎÏ的. ¤用的
low recorder n! !量K
ormation n! F „
gear n! FF FFFF , …†
geological ad5 FFF „ Ð的
grease n! FÑÒ,O6,Ó6
high temperature and high pressure ilter press n! FFFF PÔP ÕR
hoist n! FF FF ,€Ì7,Ö 7
hose n! FFFFF R , ¯
inclination n! FFFFFFFFFFF p„ q U§p_ qÈU
5ar n! FFFFF Ë ,Ë @
'ic' v! 2×
'ill material n! F2’“
lime polymer n! ØÙÚÛn
logger n! F2g
lost circulation n! 2Ü
lubricate v! F FD % Ñ, Ý 6
mud box n! FF B Þ
pac'ed/hole ad5 Ft的
parameter n! ßà
pay Cone n! F 6
pipe cutter n! áâ7
power tong n! FFF Q •
pump pressure gauge n! FFK
rabbit n! F ãä
reduced pump stro'e test n! FFFF å æ
rotary table n! FF
saety slip n! 安ˆÍç
scratchier n! èé7,èé@
screw driver n! FFFFF © ê,ëì
sealed ad5! Äí的,îr的
shale n! Fï
shale sha'er n! FFFF ² ð
shoulder n! F ª
slip soc'et n! FF Íçñ 筒
solid content n! ÅòÛ量
spiral ad5 FF ©³/的,© 的
spud in v F ó
stabbing valve n! FFFFFFFF ô õ ,ô
stretcher n! FF ö3,÷ø@,ø
stro'e n! æù,úù
suction n! FFFFF ûü ,ýR7
tachometer n! F FFFFF þ ,þÿ
tensile ad5! FFFFFFFFFF w 的, 力的,÷力的
the pipe rac' n! F杆3
throttle n! F ¨踏6
unscrew v ³ó,拆o
viscosity n! 粘f
voltage n! FF,伏特à
washout o drilling tools n! F¢刺Ü
wirpe trip 短ë¬
wegith indicator v V NK
4 WELL 4ONTROL
41 Basic 7no8ledge and Principles of Well 4ontrol 只
(Conversation between an engineer and a supervisor)
Supervisor: "ow many well 'illing methods do you 'now?
#ngineer: *wo! *hey are driller3s method and engineer3s method!
Supervisor: "as the driller3s console been connected with the pipeline?
#ngineer: Bes. but the well 'illing indicator has not been ready yet!
Supervisor: What can we do i overlow happens in the well?
#ngineer: Well 'illing must be done!
Supervisor: *his well may be a lowing well. how many tons o barites have
been prepared?
#ngineer: We have prepared our hundred tons o barites!
Supervisor: "as the mud/weighting hopper been repaired?
#ngineer: 2o. it hasn3t! =ur oreman will weld it this aternoon!
Supervisor: What can we do i water low out o the well?
#ngineer: We must ad5ust the mud properties!
Supervisor: "as the automatic igniter been tested and ad5usted?
#ngineer: 2o. it hasn3t! Supervisor as'ed us to inorm him beore we start
testing!
Supervisor: Could you tell me the ormation pressure coeicient?
#ngineer: =>! *he ormation pressure coeicient is 4!<0. the racture
pressure coeicient is 4!:G!
Supervisor: "ow much do you 'now about the remote control house?
#ngineer: *he capacity o the accumulator may not be enough!
Supervisor: &oes the pressure test recorder wor' well?
#ngineer: Bes. but the recording paper is used up!
Supervisor: )re the mud exit low meter and "
<
S detector ready?
#ngineer: Bes. they are! *hey have been installed and tested!
Supervisor: &o you have any spare li$uid level alarms?
#ngineer: Bes. we have bought a new one!
Supervisor: "ow much is the mud pressure greater than ormation pressure
normally?
#ngineer: Osually 40, psi !
Supervisor: What can we do i overlow occurs in an empty well?
#ngineer: Snub in and perorm well 'illing!
Supervisor: What does overlow mean?
#ngineer: =verlow means that ormation luid lows into the well bore!
Supervisor: What would happen i improper treatment was done ater
overlow?
#ngineer: Maybe 'ic' would occur irst. being ollowed by a blow out and
then an eruption! )s a result. the whole oil reservoir would be
destroyed!
Supervisor: What can we do i a blowout occurs and is ollowed by a ire?
#ngineer: We must evacuate to the windward area!
Supervisor: What can we do i a well low happens during circulation?
#ngineer: =bserve the circulation. then shut in well and calculate the
ormation pressure. inally perorm well 'illing operations!
Supervisor: )ter the oil ormation is reached. what should we do i we have
to do some hot wor'?
#ngineer: We should ta'e saety measures according to the supervisor3s
instructions!
Supervisor: What is the purpose o the low S(M (stro'e per minute) test?
#ngineer: *o obtain circulating pressure so as to perorm the well 'illing
operations!
Supervisor: *he aster the speed o tripping out o hole. the better. is that
right?
#ngineer: 2o. We must 'eep a close eye on the swabbing pressure so as to
avoid induced low!
Supervisor: Mud density should be as great as possible while perorming
well 'illing. is that right?
#ngineer: 2o! =therwise. pores o the oil ormation will be clogged!
Supervisor: &o you have enough breathing apparatus available or use?
#ngineer: Bes. we have prepared <- sets!
Supervisor: "ow many spare chec' valves do you have?
#ngineer: Hour!
Supervisor: %s pressure test o the annular preventer (Single Ram. 9lind Ram
(reventer) up to the standard?
#ngineer: *he annular preventer has been pressure tested at <-0,psi or 4,
min!
Supervisor: Can we cho'e and open the low now?
#ngineer: Bou can do it ater the ignition system is ready!
Supervisor: "ow many wor'ers have obtained their well control certiicates?
#ngineer: )ll the crewmembers above derric' men have got their
certiicates!
Supervisor: "ave you chec'ed the hydro/cylinder3s seal in the single ram
preventer?
#ngineer: We have changed two seals!
Supervisor: What 'inds o degasser do you oten use?
#ngineer: (oor boy degasser and vacuum degasser!
Supervisor: Where is the best location to put the cho'e maniold?
#ngineer: *he best location is <0 meters away rom the wellhead! *hat will
be the saest!
42 Installation9 Test and Inspection of Well 4ontrol
E"#ipent
(Conversation between an engineer and a supervisor)
Supervisor: %s everything ready or installing the 9=(?
#ngineer: Bes. we have prepared the sealing adhesive tape. special spanner.
hammer. and cleaned the (%2/to/(%2 screw with steel brush!
Supervisor: "ave you inspected the chec' valves?
#ngineer: Bes. we have inspected the valve bushings!
Supervisor: "ave you connected the electrical and gas line o the remote
control house?
#ngineer: 2ot yet. but we repaired the air pump and high/pressure diverter
valves this morning!
Supervisor: Where is the steel =/ring o the 9=(?
#ngineer: %t3s put together with the casing heads on the wood structure
beside the drill loor!
Supervisor: "ow long will it ta'e to install the 9=( stac'?
#ngineer: *wo hours and a hal!
Supervisor &o you have the )(% certiicates or your 9=( and remote
control house?
#ngineer: We certainly do!
Supervisor:&o you need a crossover lange to connect the casing head and
the 9=(?
#ngineer: 2o. we don3t! *he 9=( is connected with the casing head
directly!
Supervisor:Can we grease the steel =/ring i we use it?
#ngineer: )bsolutely not. but we must clean the steel =/ring and its groove!
Supervisor: What 'ind o e$uipment will you use or a pressure test. a
cementing truc' or a mud pump?
#ngineer: We will use a pneumatic pressure test console!
Supervisor: "ow do you perorm the pressure test?
#ngineer: Hirst we connect the air source (the pressure re$uirement: -!0 to
@!0Mpa) and the water supply line. and then test each valve on
the cho'e maniold and 'illing maniold with high and low
pressure respectively!
Supervisor:)nd what is next?
#ngineer: *hen pressure test the 9=(. the upper and the lower coc'. inside
9=( tools. the chec' valves. etc!
Supervisor:What3s meaning o both high and low pressure test?
#ngineer: *he high pressure test means testing each component up to rated
wor'ing pressure and holding or 4, min!. while the low
pressure test means testing each component up to +,,psi and
holding or 4,min!
Supervisor:Why do you test with high and low pressure separately? Can3t
we test with high pressure only?
#ngineer: Sometimes. or reasons o the e$uipment itsel. it can pass the
high pressure test. but can not pass the low pressure test. and
vice versa!
Supervisor:Can we pressure test the casing/head 5ust ater the installation
o 9=(?
#ngineer: Certainly not. thin' about it7 % the casing/head can not hold the
pressure ater the installation o 9=(. what shall we do?
Supervisor:Can we pressure test or the casing/head ater it is welded?
#ngineer: 2o. you can3t do it unless you have cooled it or over < hours!
Supervisor :What shall we do i the annular preventer ailed the low
pressure test?
#ngineer: *here may be some sand grains on the surace o the annular
preventer or drill pipe. you should move it twice and then carry
out pressure test!
Supervisor:Can we ma'e up drill strings and run in ater 9=( test?
#ngineer: Hunction test o the remote control house should be irst
conducted beore ma'ing up the drilling strings!
Supervisor:What items are involved in the unctional test o the 9=(?
#ngineer: *o chec' whether the open/close time o the 9=( is normal.
whether the pre/pumping pressure and post/pumping pressure
meet the re$uirements. and whether the auto/pumping time is
proper. etc!
Supervisor:What are the procedures o the 9=( pressure test?
#ngineer: Hirst. test the blind ram preventer. and then the upper and lower
ram. the annular preventer and all the valves with high and low
pressure tests respectively!
Supervisor: &oes every well need a 9=( test?
#ngineer: Bes. it does. because the well control is a 'ey to saety or
drilling!
Supervisor: &oes the supervisor have to be present during the pressure test?
#ngineer: Bes. he does! *he pressure/test curve chart should be submitted as
soon as the pressure test is inished!
4! T5e Arrangeent of Well-4ontrol Post
(Conversation between a supervisor and a tool pusher)
*ool pusher: What is the 'ey sector o the well control operation?
Supervisor: *o discover the overlow in time!
*ool pusher: Who should be the irst to discover the well 'ic'?
Supervisor: *he derric' man!
*ool pusher: What should be done ater a well 'ic' is identiied?
Supervisor: Report it to the tool pusher immediately!
*ool pusher: What shall the driller do during a well/control operation?
Supervisor: *he driller should immediately stop the rotary table and pumps.
lit the s$uare 'elly until its sub is higher than the surace o
rotary table. and direct the tong/ operator to buc'le the
elevator. and shut in the well at the driller3s console!
*ool pusher: "ow about the assistant driller?
Supervisor: =n hearing the sound o the alarm. the assistant driller should
stop the pump at once and rush to the remote/control console!
While the driller is perorming the shut/in procedures. the
assistant driller should observe whether or not the 9=( is
opened and closed properly. and $uic'ly contact with the
driller!
*ool pusher: What is the derric' man supposed to do at this moment?
Supervisor: =n hearing the sound o the alarm. the derric' man should rush
to the cho'e maniold and chec' i all the valves are at the
right valve positions! )ter the driller shuts/in the well. the
derric' man should immediately record the variations o the
casing pressure and the stand /pipe pressure!
*ool pusher: What procedures shall the tong/operator perorm or such a
purpose?
Supervisor: )ter buc'ling the elevator under the direction o the driller. the
tong/operators should then ta'e some actions. ollowing the
instructions o the driller! =ne o them should prepare the coc'
spanner. and the other should prepare the coc'!
*ool pusher: "ow should the roustabout act on such an occasion?
Supervisor: Opon hearing the sound o the alarm. the weevil should
immediately stop the shale sha'er. then rush to the cho'e
maniold to help the derric' man operate the valves on the
cho'e maniold and the 'ill line maniold!
*ool pusher: *hen. how about the engine men?
Supervisor: *he engine men should $uic'ly cut o the power on the drill/
loor. stop 2o! 4 and 2o!< diesel engine. and then start 2o! +
engine! *he electrician should prepare the ire e$uipment and
be ready or any accident!
*ool pusher: What ought to be done when a well 'ic' occurs during the
tripping?
Supervisor: *he driller gives out an alarm. and runs in the hole as much drill
string as possible i it is allowed! *he derric' man get down
rom the derric' in a $uic' and sae manner! *he tong operators
ma'e up the 9=( tools under the direction o the driller and shut
in the well beore they nipple up the 'elly!
*ool pusher: What should be done i a well 'ic' occurs when tripping with
the drilling collar?
Supervisor: *he driller gives out an alarm and runs in the hole as much drill
string as possible i it is allowed! *he tong operators ma'e up
the drill pipes with bac'pressure valves under direction o the
driller! *he derric' man gets down rom the derric' saely and
$uic'ly. and then shut/in the well!
*ool pusher: What is to be done i the well is empty?
Supervisor: *he driller gives out an alarm and runs in the hole as much
drilling string as possible i it is allowed! Should a 'ic' occur.
then run in the hole with a 5oint o drill pipe with bac'pressure
valve. and then shut it down!

4$ Blo8o#t drill
(Conversation between a supervisor and a rig manager)
Supervisor: "ow do you perorm the blowout drill when the drilling
operation is in progress?
Rig Manager: We do it ollowing the procedures below:
(4) 6ive an alarm!
(<) Stop the rotary table. pull out o the hole with the 'elly
and 'elly sub to a certain point above the rotary table!
(+) Stop pumping!
(-) &ivert the mud out rom the metering tan'!
(0) &rain o the metering tan'!
(8) Monitor and record the rising o the luid level in the
metering tan' or 0/4, minutes!
Supervisor: "ow do you perorm the blowout drill beore the (=="?
Rig manager: (4) 6ive an alarm!
(<) (ull out o the hole with the 'elly and 'elly sub to a
certain point above the rotary table!
(+) Stop pumping!
(-) &ivert mud out rom the metering tan'!
(0) &rain o the metering tan'!
(8) Continue pulling out o the hole with the drilling strings i
there is no overlow!
(@) % an overlow occurs. shut down the well
Supervisor: "ow do you do the blowout exercise during pulling out o the
hole?
Rig Manager:
(4) 6ive an alarm!
(4) (ull out o the hole with the 'elly and the 'elly sub to a
certain point above the rotary table!
(+) 2ipple up the coc'!
(-) #nsure the well bore is ull o mud!
(0) Stop pumping!
(8) &rain o the metering tan'!
(@) Monitor and record the rising o the luid level in the
metering tan' or 0/4, minutes
Supervisor: Could you please tell me how to do the blowout drill while the
well is empty?
Rig Manager:
(4) 6ive an alarm!
(<) #nsure the well bore is ull o mud and stop pumping!
(+) &rain o the metering tan' i necessary!
(-) &rain o the metering tan'!
(0) <,/+, minutes later. monitor and record the rising o the
luid level in the metering tan' or 0/4, minutes
Supervisor: "ow to shut down the well while the drilling operation is in
progress?
Rig Manager: Bou can do as ollows:
(4) 6ive an alarm!
(<) (ull out o the hole with the 'elly and the 'elly sub to a
certain point above the rotary table!
(+) Stop pumping!
(-) =pen the hydraulic valve to allow the mud to low to the
degasser!
(0) Close the annular 9=(!
(8) Close the ram 9=(!
(@) Close the cho'e valve slowly! &on3t exceed the maximum
allowed casing pressure!
(:) >eep the pressure stable. record the mud luid level!
Supervisor: "ow to shut in the well while pulling out o the hole?
Rig Manager: Bou can do as ollows:
(4) 6ive an alarm!
(<) (ull out o the hole with the tool 5oint o drilling string to
a certain point above the rotary table!
(+) 2ipple up the >elly!
(-) =pen the hydraulic valve to allow the mud to low to the
degasser!
(0) Close the annular 9=(!
(8) Close the cho'e valve slowly! &on3t exceed the maximum
allowed casing pressure!
(@) =pen the coc'!
(:) >eep the pressure stable!
Supervisor: "ow to shut down while the well is empty?
Rig Manager: (4) 6ive an alarm!
(<) =pen the hydraulic valve to allow the mud luid to low
to the degasser!
(+) Close the blind ram 9=(!
(-) Close the cho'e valve slowly! &on3t exceed the maximum
allowed casing pressure!
(0) >eep the pressure stable. read and record the mud
volume!
4( Well-7illing Proced#re
(Conversation between a rig manager and a supervisor)
Supervisor: What measures should we ta'e when a well 'ic' occurs?
Rig Manager: Hirst. shut in the well. read the pressures. calculate the mud
density re$uired to 'ill the well. and then 'ill the well!
Supervisor: What does the 9=( stac' or a category well consist o?
Rig Manager: %t consists o a annular preventer. a double ram type preventer.
a spool. a single ram preventer and sometimes a crossover
lange!
Supervisor: 6enerally what mud materials will be used to 'ill a well?
Rig Manager: Certain amount o white stone powder. and sometimes 9aS=$
or iron ore will be used when a ormation pressure is
encountered!
Supervisor: "ow does a 'ic' occur?
Rig Manager: ) 'ic' occurs when the bit reaches a high/pressure ormation.
and oil. gas or water enters the well bore!
Supervisor: What should we do i we lose control o a well?
Rig Manager: Hirst. evacuate the personnel to the saety Cone. then manage
to shut the well. install the well head and 'ill the well through
the cho'e maniold!
Supervisor: "ow long does the 'illing operation usually ta'e?
Rig Manager: 2ormally one or two circulations!
Supervisor: What will happen when oil or gas cuts into the drilling luid?
Rig Manager: *here will be a decrease in mud density. an increase in mud
viscosity and a gain in mud volume!
Supervisor: %s the lag time oten measured during the drilling?
Rig Manager: Bes. it is! We measure the lag time every : hours in order to
accurately calculate the 'ill time!
Supervisor: What is the density dierence between the mud in and mud/out
during a normal well/'illing operation?
Rig Manager: %t is less than ,!,+ g?cm+!
Supervisor: What should the tool pusher do when a 'ic' occurs?
Rig Manager: "e must report it to the supervisor and the rig manager
immediately!
Supervisor: What is the criterion or the 'ill mud density?
Rig Manager: *he density must be less than the ormation racture pressure!
Supervisor: What is the warning sign beore a 'ic' or blowout occurs?
Rig Manager: ) drilling brea' will be experienced!
Supervisor: "ow do you deal with the blowout in the lower section and the
lost circulation in the upper section?
Rig Manager: Set cement plug to pac' o the lower section and circulate the
cement slurry to get circulation!
Supervisor: "ow should we deal with a 'ic' in the upper section when we
are drilling the deep section o a well?
Rig Manager: Hirst. circulate the plug o heavy mud to 'ill the well. and then
run casings to pac' o the 'ic' section!
Supervisor: What should we do i the drill stem is bro'en above the 'ic'
section when we are 'illing the well?
Rig Manager: Circulate the excess heavy mud to balance the ormation
pressure. and then ish!
4) Effect of 7illing Operation
(Conversation between a rig manager and a supervisor)
Rig Manager: What is the eect o the 'illing operation ater two
circulations?
Supervisor: Bou can identiy by the low rate meter that the displacement o
the pump has been the same as the mud volume rom the well!
Rig Manager: What is the dierence between mud in and out densities?
Supervisor: )round ,!,+g?cm
+
!
Rig Manager: *he mud viscosity is still higher than it was beore the 'ic'
occurred. do you 'now the reason?
Supervisor: %t is because the oil and gas cut into the mud. and the mud has
been contaminated!
Rig Manager: "ow do you solve the problem that the volume o the mud in
is less than that o the mud out?
Supervisor: Iust continue with the 'illing operation and raise the mud
density by ,!,0g?cm
+
!
Rig Manager:*he volume o the mud out is much less than beore. why is
that?
Supervisor: *here probably occurs a circulation loss!
Rig Manager:What shall we do then?
Supervisor: Bou must pull out o the hole with drill string to the saety
section!
Rig Manager: *he casing pressure decreased by 4!0M(a! &o we still need to
'ill the well through the cho'e maniold?
Supervisor: Iust 'eep 'illing the well or one circulation and then ma'e the
decision according to the mud return!
Rig Manager: Can the gas/cut mud treated by the degasser still be used?
Supervisor: Bes. it can be used again ater being treated with mud additives!
Rig Manager: Can we ta'e up drilling right ater the well has been 'illed?
Supervisor: 2o. you can3t! Bou have to observe or at least one circulation
beore you decide!
Rig Manager: *he 'ic' is more severe than it was beore the 'ill. what shall
we do?
Supervisor: Raise the 'ill mud density and 'ill the well through the cho'e
maniold!
Rig Manager: *he shut/in casing pressure is not high. can we 'ill the well
through mud pump?
Supervisor: Bes. you can. but youAd better 'ill the well through the 'ill line!
Rig Manager: &o we have to do next ater the well has been 'illed
successully through a relie well?
Supervisor: % thin' weAd better pac' o the hole with slurry!
Rig Manager: "ow should we 'ill the well when the dierence o the
ormation pressure coeicients is getting too big?
Supervisor: )dd some 1CM in the 'illing luid!
Rig Manager: % the high/pressure oil and gas ormation has been balanced.
but there is still a great deal o lost circulation in the upper
section. what should we do?
Supervisor: % thin' the big/particle weighting material mixed with 1CM
will wor'!
Rig Manager: 2ow. the well has been 'illed successully at last7 Can we
ta'e a brea'?
Supervisor: 2o. we can3t relax at the moment! We must 'eep a close and
constant eye on the mud displacement and the variations o
the mud properties!
Rig Manager: "ow shall we handle the problem that the drill string lea's
while we are 'illing the well?
Supervisor: 1ocate the lea' position with colored mud! % the position is
near the bit. then 5ust go on with the 'illing operation!
1sef#l E0pressions
4! What can we do iD!!?
<! to low out o
+! to connect with
-! to use up
0! what is the purpose oD
8! what3s the meaning oD
@! to cut o
:! to be ready or
G! to divertD out o
4,! to be ull o
44! to deal with
4<! what3s the dierence between Dand D
4+! you3d better D
4-! go on with
40! so as to
4 222 部分 :
)ccumulator n! F FFF 能@, 蓄@
adhesive ad5! FFFF 粘着的, 粘`的
adhesive tape n! FF
ad5ust v! F FF ~,
alarm n! F 警
annular preventer n! 万能í2@
assistant/driller n! F 副司
avoid v! 避免
barite n! N晶Ø
blind ram preventer n! 盲板í2@
blowout n! F 2
9=( (blowout preventer) n! FF B @
breathing apparatus n! 呼ü面¢,B毒面¢
buc'le v! ®D F 扣住,扣
casing head n! F 套¯
cement plug n! R²r
certiicate n! FF
chart n! F F K,略
chec' valve n! FFFFFF ô ,止ô .F FFFFF ! , 向
cho'e v! FF kr, r
cho'e valve n! F k! .F F !
clog v! kr,îr
coc' spanner n! FFFF ³r扳手, 扳手
coeicient n 系à
component n! 元件,部件
console n! FFF Œª, K板
contaminated plug n! F!"
criterion n! F准#f
crossover n! FFs,µs
curve n! F F
degasser n! Æ*@


destroy v! $1
diesel engine n! 567
displacement n! FF F F F F FF F F F % ,ž%§† p&用q ,
排R量,排«量
diverter valve n! F F ! .F FFFFF 向 ,分!
double ram preventer n! FFFFFF ' 板(B @
drill string n! F)

encounter n! FFFFFFF *+,ñ ,,-,æ.
ensure v! /›
e$uipment n! FF
eruption n! FF F ,0
evacuate v! 12
lange n! F e

ormation n! FFFF 34,ï ,„
ormation pressure coeicient n! FFFFF „ 力系à
racture n! FFFF 56,7 ,57

groove n! F 8,
hydraulic valve n! FF Q
hydro/cylinder n! FF 6),Q )
igniter n! FFFFFF 点?@,点? ,9:…†
ignition system n! F 点?系
induced low n! FF
involve v! FFF %;S,%ÖS,¶¸,< ¶·
5oint n! FFFFFFFF µÛ, Û, µ,µ6
'elly n! FF d 杆
'ic' n! 2×
'ill line n! F F 2¯
lag n! =套,筒板,=套板
maniold n! Î>¯,?Û
metering tan' n! F量@
monitor v! F FF Œ,
mud additive n! FFFF ² AB
mud pump n! FF ²
nipple v! µ,µô
oil reservoir n! 6*C
overlow n! D!
personnel n FFFFFFFF pˆsqh ,pˆsq
pipeline n! FFFFFFFF ¯ ,¯E, F¯
procedure n! FFFFFFF ùG,£ ,gG, ù
ram 9=( n! F FF 板HB @
remote ad5! Fù的,IŒ的
re$uirement n! JK,JL


seal n! ÄíM
shut in v! N2
single ram n! FF板
slurry n! F R²
smear v! OP
snub v! FFFFFF ú¬S,Q 2묯) 强
spool n! F R¯,R
s$uare 'elly n! FF d 杆
stac' n! F 2@
sub n! FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF µ ,•S ,Täµ ,ý6杆短
submit v! Ý
suitable ad5! ÛU的
supervisor n! F–
surace n! K面,„K
swab v! ý,ü
timely adv! FF V „
tong/operator n! Fg
upper and lower coc' n! ݬ³r
vacuum n! Wû
valve bushing n! F芯
variation n! F FFFFF É, X, 量
roustabout F„g
weevil n! F„g. FFF QpYqZ gh
weld v! Fµ
well bore n! 2[
well control n! 2Œ
well head n! 26…†
well 'illing n! F2
windward n! FFFFFF Ý 面,\ 面
wood structure n! F ]^
D POO:;RI: < REA%ING T:E :OLE
D1 4oon Drilling Tools
(Conversation between a drilling engineer and rig manager)
&rilling #ngineer:%s it possible to pull out o hole ((==") tonight?
Rig Manager: Bes. the bit is dull. we are going to (=="!
&rilling #ngineer:%s the hydraulic power tong in good wor'ing condition?
Rig Manager: We 5ust had the hydraulic power station repaired! %t wor's
very well now!
&rilling #ngineer:"ave you prepared the scraper and the automatic trip/in
devices?
Rig Manager : *hey have been already installed and ad5usted. but the
sensor in the trip tan' need maintaining! !
&rilling #ngineer:%s it necessary to slug the drill pipe beore (=="?
Rig Manager : Bes. the mud engineer is calculating the pump stro'es
now!
&rilling #ngineer:Where is the mud saver?
Rig Manager: *he mud saver is in the doghouse!
&rilling #ngineer:"ave you changed the new dies o the hydraulic tong?
Rig Manager: We have changed the 5aws and dies!
&rilling #ngineer : "ave you chec'ed the liting subs. the 4: degree
shoulder elevator. and the slip and saety clamp?
Rig Manager: Bes. all o them are placed together with the 'elly coc'!
&rilling #ngineer:"ave you prepared the rope on the mon'ey board?
Rig Manager: Bes. everything is ready! *hey are placed together with a
hammer and an ad5ustable wrench!
&rilling #ngineer:Where is the escape e$uipment or the derric' man?
Rig Manager: %t is on the derric' close to the mon'ey board!
&rilling #ngineer:"ave you tested the crown/o/matic?
Rig Manager: We have 5ust ad5usted it!
&rilling #ngineer:%s the gear3s position right?
Rig Manager: We use gear < or pulling the drill string out o hole!
&rilling #ngineer:Where are the reaming bit and the bit brea'er?
Rig Manager: *hey are in the oreman3s warehouse!
&rilling #ngineer :Can we use the +,m long steel roller to measure the
stands?
Rig Manager: 2o. we usually use the +,m long tape to measure!
&rilling #ngineer:Can we lay down the drill string while pulling out o the
hole?
Rig Manager: We can lay down the drill string only ater the cementing
operation!
&rilling #ngineer:Can the dupe be used alone?
Rig Manager: Bes. it can. but it is better to apply it with the sealing ilm!
&rilling #ngineer :"ow many meters o the dummy trip have you done
today?
Rig Manager: *o the position same as last time!
&rilling #ngineer :&ose the tor$ue indicator need to be connected beore
running in the hole?
Rig Manager: We can connect it ater removing the chain tong and pipe
tong.
D2 Drilling Tools And Bit
(Conversation between a tool pusher and an engineer)
#ngineer: )re the our 5et bits used in this well made by the Smith
Company?
*oolpusher: 2o! %t is made by the Reed Company!
#ngineer: Will the diamond bits be used in this well?
*oolpusher:2o! We will use the steel tooth bit to drill the surace hole and
the milled tooth bits to drill the oil interval (or oil reservoir)!
#ngineer: %s the bit sub an ordinary one?
*oolpusher:2o! %t is the bell sub. convenient or ishing!
#ngineer: %s the reaming bit specially made ?
*oolpusher:Bes! %t has six pulse water holes(noCCles)!
#ngineer: "ow long has the shoc' absorber been used?
*oolpusher:%t has been used or $uite a long time! %t can be used or 4<,
hours longer than retrievable/sleeve stabiliCer!
#ngineer: Can the drilling 5ar sha'e up and down?
*oolpusher:Bes! %t can. but it will perorm better under tensile condition!
#ngineer: When will the coring tools be run in the hole?
*oolpusher: *he coring bit and coring barrel will be run in the hole ater the
measurement while drilling (MW&) tool is pulled out o the
hole!
#ngineer: What is the average length o a 5oint o heavy wall drill pipe?
*oolpusher:%t is G!0 meters long!
#ngineer: %s there a cross/over sub between the heavy wall drill pipe and
the ordinary drill pipe?
*oolpusher: 2o! *hey have got the same type o thread
#ngineer: )re the last 5oints o the drill pipes stands or single 5oints?
*oolpusher:*hey are double 5oints!
#ngineer: What3s the unction o the 'elly saver sub?
*oolpusher:%t is used or protecting the 'elly!
#ngineer: )re all the drill pipes used in this well the S/4+0 and internal
coating type ?
*oolpusher:Bes! *hey are made in )merica!
#ngineer: What are the ma5or unctions o the drill string?
*oolpusher: *hey are to transmit power and circulate drilling luid!
#ngineer: %s the 9") used in this well a pendulum assembly?
*oolpusher :*he supervisor hasn3t given us an instruction. but % thin' it
probably is the tapered assembly or pac'ed hole assembly!
#ngineer: Can the neutral point be designed on the drill pipe?
*oolpusher:2o! %t can only be on the drill collar or heavy wall drill pipe!
#ngineer: What3s the result o washing out drill pipe?
*oolpusher:Slight washing out drill pipe may result in slowly continuous
reduction o pump pressure . even i it gets worse. washing out
may cause the drill string to all down!
#ngineer: What3s the unction o the 'elly bushing?
*oolpusher:%t is to transmit power!
#ngineer: "ow many 'inds o 'elly are there?
*oolpusher :*here are three 'inds o hex/'elly: the s$uare/'elly and the
tri/'elly! *he s$uare/'elly is more common!
#ngineer: )re the down hole motor and bent sub used or the directional
well?
*oolpusher: %t3s an eective means to improve the penetration rate!
D! 6afet, Operations
(Conversation between a rig manager and a driller)
Rig Manager: What is the re$uirement or mud circulation beore pulling out
o the hole((==")?
&riller: Hirst. circulate or hal an hour to clean the hole. then pump in
the heavy mud. and then pull out o the hole !
Rig Manager :What should the derric' man do beore pulling out o the
hole!
&riller: "e should chec' the mast pins and get the pipe rope ready on
the mon'ey board!
Rig Manager :&uring pulling out o the hole ((=="). please control the
speed!
&riller: Sure. extra swabbing pressure will cause the well to collapse or
'ic' o!
Rig Manager:Why should we control the speed while running in the hole?
&riller: =ver speed can cause high pressure surge. the well to be lost!
Rig Manager:%t is important to ill the mud continuously while pulling out
o the hole ((=="). we must pay more attention to it!
&riller: We will! =therwise. it will get complicated!
Rig Manager:What should the loor men 'eep in mind while tripping?
&riller: *hey should 'eep in mind as ollows:
4、(revent the tools rom alling into down hole!
<、Monitor the mud level careully!
+、=bserve the lea'age o drill string!
-、Remind the driller in time to ma'e up and brea' down the
single. preventing the travelling bloc' rom hitting the
crown bloc'!
0、(ay attention to personnel saety!
8、React $uic'ly while problems occur in the down hole!
@ 、Cooperate with the driller to avoid pulling with single
lin'!
Rig Manager :Should the derric' man wear helmet on the mon'ey board
while tripping?
&riller: = course not. but he should wear a saety belt!
Rig Manager: *he rig loor should be 'ept clean and lat beore tripping!
&riller: Bes. it can prevent in5ury!
Rig Manager:What does the driller use to control the speed while running
in the hole?
&riller: "e mainly uses the bra'e bar to control the speed!
Rig Manager :%t is dangerous while bac' reaming. you must be more
careul!
&riller: &on3t worry! We will control the tor$ue to prevent the drill pipe
slips
rom lying out o the rotary table and hurting somebody!
Rig Manager:Can we use the steel sling and rotary table to brea' down the
bit?
&riller: %t3s absolutely orbidden!
Rig Manager:%t is a common sense that the steel sling can3t be used as a
cathead line! &on3t you 'now?
&riller: Sorry. it will never happen again!
Rig Manager:)t what W"= will the drilling 5ar be eective while pulling
out the stic'ing pipe!
&riller: *he drilling 5ar will be eective generally at <,, tons!
Rig Manager:&oes the drilling 5ar have the same unction during tripping
in operation?
&riller: *he drilling 5ar wor's better when it is at the tensile!
Rig Manager: What can % do when 'ic' appears during pulling out o
hole((==")?
&riller: Hirst. you should run in hole as much drilling string as you can.
then conduct the well 'illing operation!!
Rig Manager:What should % do when a 'ic' occurs in an empty well?
&riller: Close the well or the shut in drill pipe pressure (S%&() and shut
in annular pressure (S%)() ater running in the hole as
many drilling tools as you can!
Rig Manager:%s it necessary to have a crewmember to monitor the drilling
luid during tripping?
&riller: Bes. you have to arrange a crewmember to measure the pit gain
while drilling inside the hydrocarbon reservoir!
Rig Manager: "ow to get the mud property when tripping out o a
directional well?
&riller: 6ood lubrication is a mustK certain lubricant should be added
beore pulling out o the hole ((==")!
Rig Manager: What should the derric' man do i blowout occurs while
pulling out o the hole ?
&riller: *he derric' man should escape rom the mon'ey board $uic'ly
by using the geronimo $uic'ly!
Rig Manager: &o you have the tripping operation procedures?
&riller: Bes. we have! We all 'now the details very well!
Rig Manager: What are the general re$uirements or the dummy trip?
&riller: Bou3d better pull the drilling string to the last position!
D$ Reaing 4on=ersation
(Conversation between an engineer and a loor man)
#ngineer: %n my opinion. bac' reaming is dangerous!
Hloorman: Certainly! %t is dangerous while tripping out!
#ngineer: %s the tor$ue static during the reaming operation?
Hloorman: Bes. usually it is!
#ngineer: %s it necessary to ream when the hole shrin's?
Hloorman: Bou must do the reaming operation to continue the drilling
operation!
#ngineer: What measures should we ta'e when the wall o the hole
collapses?
Hloorman: Hirst. you3d better ad5ust the property o mud and then do the
reaming!
#ngineer: &oes the well bore shrin'ing happen only in the shale ormation?
Hloorman: 2ot! %t also happens in the salt ormation!
#ngineer: %s the penetration rate low while reaming?
Hloorman: Bes. it is low because o the small weight on the bit (W=9)!
#ngineer: Why do we have a small weight on the bit (W=9) while reaming?
Hloorman: %t is possible to orm a new hole i weight on the bit(W=9) is too
much!
#ngineer: %s reaming necessary ater coring operation?
Hloorman: %t3s only necessary to enlarge the hole ater coring !
#ngineer: "ow do you deal with the slips to 5ump out o the rotary table
while bac' reaming?
Hloorman: Bou must be careul! BouAd better connect the slips with drill
pipes by chain while bac' reaming!
#ngineer: &o we need to connect the 'elly in the tight hole when running in
the hole?
Hloorman: *o avoid down hole troubles. youAd better connect the 'elly <,
meters above the tight hole!
#ngineer: Will the borehole collapse i lost circulation isn3t ound in time?
Hloorman: Bes!*he borehole might collapse in the wea' ormation!
D( >ario#s %atc5ing ?oints
(Conversation between a tool pusher and a loor man)
*oolpusher:%s the thread type o connector or <,″bit 8+,×@+,?
Hloorman: Bes. it3s a Metheson 5oint (bell sub)!
*oolpusher:What3s the unction o the saety 5oint?
Hloorman: %t is to ish the lost drilling tools!
*oolpusher:&o the directional bending subs need other matching 5oints?
Hloorman: 2o! %t can be used separately!
*oolpusher:Where do you repair these connectors?
Hloorman: We can repair the connectors and drill tools at the pipe station!
*oolpusher:WhatAs the general period o law detection?
Hloorman: 6enerally spea'ing. 5oint being used should be detected every
six months. mainly by magnetic particle inspection!
*oolpusher:&o we need a matching 5oint between the drill collar and the
drill pipe?
Hloorman : % the connector3s type is the same. a matching 5oint is
unnecessary!
*oolpusher: When the 'elly saver sub is worn out. can it be welded?
Hloorman: = course not! *he welding will destroy the subAs structure. and
reduce its strength!
*oolpusher:"ow many 'elly saver subs should be prepared?
Hloorman: )t least. < !
*oolpusher :Can the coc' be used as a 'elly saver sub under emergency
situation?
Hloorman: Certainly! *he liting sub can also be used as a pop 5oint!
*oolpusher:So. the 'elly saver sub can also be matched with the 'elly in?
Hloorman: Bes. 'elly saver subs can be used as a piece o pop 5oint!
*oolpusher : 6enerally. whatAs the length o a connector according to
international standard?
Hloorman: 2ormally. it3s @0cm! or convenience o re$uent maintenance!
*oolpusher:Can tongs bite the body o the drill pipe?
Hloorman: *he tongs can only bite the drill pipe connectors and matching
connectors!
*oolpusher :(lease clean these connectors. wash them with diesel oil and
inally grease them!
Hloorman: )ll right!
*oolpusher:Where are the steel and dope brushes?
Hloorman: *hey are in the warehouse! 9ring some saw blades i necessary!
*oolpusher:Can we use the rope sling to lit these connectors on trailer?
Hloorman: = course. but you must be careul!
*oolpusher:"ow much money should we pay or ma'ing a sub!
Hloorman: #ach sub costs P8,!OS!
D) Drilling *l#id 4irc#lation
(Conversation between a supervisor and a loor man)
Supervisor:Why does the drilling luid need circulating ater entering the
hydrocarbon reservoir?
Hloorman: *he aim is to observe the return o the oil and the gas!
Supervisor:Why will the circulating discharge be reduced while coring?
Hloorman: *oo much discharge may result in erosion o the core!
Supervisor :"ow long will the circulation last beore (==" or dummy
tripping?
Hloorman : 6enerally two circles are needed. you may circulate a little
longer i there are too much cuttings on the shale sha'er!
Supervisor:Why do we need to circulate ater running to the bottom?
Hloorman: We circulate to bring the cuttings out o the hole!
Supervisor :Why is the drilling luid circulation needed ater running the
casing?
Hloorman : %t is to clean the hole wall and improve the $uality o the
cementing!
Supervisor:What is the indication o lost circulation during the circulating?
Hloorman: *he return and pump pressure decrease when there is small lost
circulation. there will be no mud return while the lost
circulation is serious!
Supervisor:What is the result when the oil and gas come into the mud?
Hloorman: *he viscosity will increase and the low rate will go up!
Supervisor :Can we measure the circulating pressure by using the slow
pump speed test?
Hloorman: We can calculate the circulating pressure approximately by the
slow pump stro'e rate!
Supervisor :*he circulation has lasted or nearly +, minutes! "as the
derric' man prepared the heavy mud?
Hloorman: *he assistant driller is helping the derric' man mix the heavy
mud!
Supervisor:Can we get the bottom/up time while circulating?
Hloorman: 2ot by now. because the down hole situation is complicated!!
Supervisor:What is the main composition o the drilling luid?
Hloorman: %t is made up o water. clay and some chemicals!
Supervisor :*his 'ind o mud becomes stic'y in $uiescent state. but why
does the luid property become better ater agitation?
Hloorman : 9ecause the cation colloid mud system has the better
thixotropy!
Supervisor:&o we need to get somebody to observe the mud status while
circulating?
Hloorman: *o avoid unusual situation. the derric' man must be on guard
and chec' the mud return and property
Supervisor:What are the unctions o the drilling luid?
Hloorman: *he principal unctions o the drilling luid are:
4! to clean the hole!
4! to cool the bit!
4! to prevent the ormation rom collapse!
4! to lubricate the drilling tools!
4! *o balance the ormation pressure!
4! to remove cuttings rom the bottom o the hole!
Supervisor:"ow long does the circulating well 'illing ta'e?
Hloorman: 2ormally . it ta'es two cycles!
Supervisor:Why do we need to circulate the drilling luid beore coring?
Hloorman: %n order to have successul coring!
Supervisor:&o we need to circulate longer beore ma'ing up the single in
ast drilling?
Hloorman:Bes. we need! =therwise. the drill string will easily get stuc'!
Supervisor:Shall we 'eep circulating when stic'ing occurs?
Hloorman:We should recover circulation at the slough section o the hole
as soon as we can when collapse happens!
Supervisor :"ave you chec'ed the pump beore circulating the drilling
luid?
Hloorman: We have changed the driving belt o the <L shower pump?
Supervisor:"ow much is the nitrogen charging pressure o the air balloon
(air tan')?
Hloorman:%t is -,J o the normal drilling pump pressure!
Supervisor:Can we circulate with single diesel engine at a depth o +,,,
m?
Hloorman:= course not. you must use at least two engines!
D 22 部分 3
agitation n! F_
air balloon n! *¶
annular ad5! F/的
approximately adv! F •`,•
assembly n! FF …a, ¹
automatic ad5! FFFFFFF b 的,b X的
average ad5! •c的
buc'et n! RC,&C
clamp n! FF FF , 板
clay n! d$,e$
collapse v! fg,hg
composition n! F¹部分
diamond n! F FF Ø,i Ø
diesel oil n! 56
discharge n! 排量,!量,排«
doghouse n! FFFFFFF % H2 Ÿj
dull ad5! F的
dummy n! FFFFFF k n,šùG
emergency n!? ad5! F FFF ¥、 ¥的
law n! F lm5
orbid v! n止
geronimo n! o生@
helmet n! Fp,面q
hex/'elly n! FF rd 杆
hydrocarbon n! F FFFFF , XÛn
5aw n! F FF s, 板
'elly coc' n! FFFF d 杆³r
'elly saver n! F dbµ
'ic' o v! 分Š,5ó
layer?reservoir n! FFF „ ,
lin'age n! FF FF …†, t
lubricant n! F FFF Ñ’“, Ñn
mast n! ),u杆
mon'ey board n! 3gv&ª,wª
neutral point n! FFF xy点, 向点
nitrogen n! F*
pendulum n! FF FF ,
pulse n! F zæ,{
ream n! F FF t, u
retrievable/sleeve ad5! FF 可|ô的,可‚ 的
saw blade n! Ft

sealing ilm n! Äí}~
sensor n! F•@
shoulder elevator n! ª€&Í
shrin' v! FFFF • ,
slug n! F FF »,"r, ¯
slurry n! FFFF R² , Q
s$uare/'elly n! FF ‚d 杆
stand n! 3,ª
static ad5! FFF ƒ止的, ›的
swabbing n! ýü,ý„

thixotropy n! FFFFFF 触 `, `
tong n! FFFF ¯ ,•
trailer n! FFFF … ,†
tri/'elly n! FF ¿d 杆
E 6OLID 4ONTROL
E1 4oon 7no8ledge
pConversation between a rig manager and a roustaboutq
Rig Manager: "ow many years have you been a mud man?
Roustabout: *hree years!
Rig Manager: &o you 'now the general 'nowledge o solid control?
Roustabout: 1et me have a try!
Rig Manager: ='ay. Can you tell me what the meaning o solid control is?
Roustabout: Content controlling o solid phase!
Rig Manager: &o you 'now the 'inds o solid control?
Roustabout: *here are two 'inds. one is useul solid phase. the other is
useless solid phase! !
Rig Manager: What is useul solid phase?
Roustabout: Oseul solid phase is that it is contained in all 'inds o
chemicals!
Rig Manager: What is useless solid phase then?
Roustabout: *he others are useless solid phase except the useul solid phase!
Rig Manager: What3s the harm o high content solid phase?
Roustabout: %t will directly aect the drilling speed!
Rig Manager: Can you tell me the speciic igures?
Roustabout: Bes. the drilling speed will decrease 4,J when the content o
solid phase increases ,!,4J!
Rig Manager: What3s the upper limit o the solid content?
Roustabout: 6enerally spea'ing. sand content can3t exceed ,!+!
Rig Manager: &oes it mean that high solid content will cause high speciic
gravity?(mud weight)?
Roustabout: 2o. weighting materials increase the mud weight!
Rig Manager: So solid control is important. isn3t it?
Roustabout: Bes. this 5ob is done by appointed person!

E2 Noral 6olid 4ontrol E"#ipent
pConversation between a tool pusher and a roustaboutq
*ool (usher: "ave you changed the screen cloth today?
Roustabout: We have changed two pieces during tripping!
*ool (usher: What3s the screen mesh?
Roustabout: %t3s 4<,!
*ool (usher: What shall we do i the mud lea's out o the shale sha'er?
Roustabout: We can ad5ust the angle o the sha'e bed (screen bed)
*ool (usher: &o you 'now the wor'ing pressure o the desilter?
Roustabout: We can get the best eect i the pressure is 'ept rom ,!< to ,!+
M(a!
*ool (usher: Why is the wor'ing pressure o the desilter low sometimes?
Roustabout: *he damage o the pump3s pac'ing will also cause low pressure
as well as the low level o mud in the tan'!
*ool (usher: "ow does this new desander wor'?
Roustabout: *he desanding eect is good ater starting up!
*ool (usher: "as the sand content been reduced?
Roustabout: *he sand content is ,!+ now!
*ool (usher: &id you use the centriuge?
Roustabout: Bes. each shit 'eeps it running normally!
*ool (usher: What are the operating procedures o the centriuge?
Roustabout: Start the centriuge irst. and then start material/eed pump!
*ool (usher: What to do beore shutting down?
Roustabout: Shut down the material/eed pump irst. wash the centriuge
with resh water next. and then shut down!
*ool (usher: Why do we have to wash the centriuge with resh water beore
shutting it down?
Roustabout: *o prevent the inner and outer barrel rom being bloc'ed by the
precipitation (sediment) o mud!
*ool (usher: "ow oten do you chec' and maintain the stirring machine?
Roustabout: #ach shit chec's twice and maintains once!
*ool (usher: When do you use the degasser?
Roustabout: When the bubble content in the mud is high!
E! 6olid 4ontrol and Do8n-5ole
(Conversation between a saety inspector and a driller)
Saety %nspector: &id you trip out yesterday?
&riller: 2o. we tripped out this morning!
Saety %nspector: &id you trip smoothly this time?
&riller: %t was much more normal than last time!
Saety %nspector: Was it diicult to start the pump when tripping to the
bottom?
&riller: %t succeeded when using a low rate rom low to high!
Saety %nspector: &o you 'now the main actors o sae operation?
&riller: Bes. they are good luidity o mud. low sand content. good
$uality o mud ca'e. and regular well ball!
Saety %nspector: Can you tell me the impact o high solid content on mud?
&riller: %t is diicult to control the mud properties. i the solid content is
high!
Saety %nspector: What3s the result when the sand content o mud is high?
&riller: "igh drag (riction resistance) and high tor$ue will cause
tripping diiculties!
Saety %nspector: What other results will be caused i the solid content is
high?
&riller: %t will waste chemicals and raise the costs!
Saety %nspector: So solid control has a close relation with the down hole
saety!
&riller: % see! We must do it well!
E$ 6olid 4ontrol and E"#ipent Life
p Conversation between a rig manager and an assistant
drillerq
Rig Manager: "ow many pistons and cylinder liners did you change last
wee'?
)ssistant/driller: *wo pistons and one cylinder liner in all!
Rig Manager: "ow seriously are the pistons damaged?
)ssistant/driller: *hey are normally worn out!
Rig Manager: &o you 'now why the pistons and cylinder liners are so
durable recently?
)ssistant/driller: *he solid content o mud has dropped to the lowest limit!
Rig Manager: What3s the relationship between the solid content and the
e$uipment lie?
)ssistant/driller: *he lie o consumable accessory is longer i the solid
content is low!
Rig Manager: &oes the solid content aect other e$uipments besides the
consumable accessory o pump?
)ssistant/driller: "igh solid content will cause serious damage to the whole
circulating system!
Rig Manager: Why did you change the surace high/pressure pipe last
wee'?
)ssistant/driller: 9ecause our areas were damaged in one wee'!
Rig Manager: What3s the wall thic'ness o the pipe changed?
)ssistant/driller: %t3s only 8 mm. it has seriously exceeded the standard!
Rig Manager: "ow many damaged drill pipes have been discovered in this
deect detection?
)ssistant/driller: <: 5oints!
Rig Manager: What3s the wear proportion o the inner and outer deect?
)ssistant/driller: <,J inner deect and +,J outer deect!
E 22 部分 3
accessory n!? ad5! 附件,a件 附属的
appoint v! V›,‡†
consumable ad5!? n! 可Aˆ的 Aˆ‰
content n! 9容,¸量
deect detection n! F =

luidity n! !QFR`,!f
impact v! F Š
liner n! F FF ¯, ¯
mud ca'e n! F ²
mud man n! FF ² g
phase n! F òž,0
piston n! Hr
precipitation n! ‹Œ
shale n! Fï
solid control n! Ō
start up n! FFFF .•% ,Ë
* DRILLING AND RELEA6ING
*1 *is5ing Tools
(Conversation between a supervisor and a driller)
Supervisor: What ishing tools are available?
&riller: We have a slip soc'et. a 5un' mill. a pin tap. a bulldog. a milling
pipe and so on!
Supervisor: Where did you hire the slip soc'et?
&riller: Hrom &ubai 9ase o the Weatherord Company!
Supervisor: "ow many dierent siCes o slip dies do you have?
&riller: We have all siCes!
Supervisor: What 'ind o sub is this?
&riller: *his is a saety sub!
Supervisor: What3s the siCe o this drilling 5ar?
&riller: %t is an :/inch siCe!
Supervisor: Where is this reamer made?
&riller: %t is made in China!
Supervisor: Will the ishing cup be run in during this trip ?
&riller: Bes. it will be made up to the top o drill bit!
Supervisor: What is the strong magnetic isher or?
&riller: Hor ishing 5un's rom the bottom o hole!
Supervisor: What3s the siCe o the 5un' bas'et?
&riller: %t3s or a 4< 4?-; well bore!
Supervisor: %s the bulldog hired?
&riller: Bes. %t3s hired rom &ubai Company!
Supervisor: &o you have impression blac'?
&riller: Bes. we have two types!
Supervisor: "as the soc'et o absorber been detected?
&riller: We chec'ed it + months ago! %t has never been used till now!
*2 6tic@ing and Releasing
(Conversation between a *ool pusher and a driller)
*oolpusher: 2ow it is diicult to trip out o the hole! (lease call the drilling
supervisor to the rig loor $uic'ly!
&riller: ) man has been sent or him!
*oolpusher: Where is the tight hole position?
&riller: Hrom the ourth stands!
*oolpusher: What is the maximum pulling weight?
&riller: %t is 4:, tons!
*oolpusher: %s the drilling 5ar wor'ing now?
&riller: 2o. it isn3t! *he drilling 5ar won3t wor' until the pulling weight
reaches <,, tons!
*oolpusher: Rotate the rotary table and see!
&riller: *he rotary table can not be rotated. either!
*oolpusher: (lease chec' the dead line anchor. the drilling line and the bra'e
system!
&riller: We have 5ust chec'ed them. no problem!
*oolpusher: What 'ind o stic'ing is it?
&riller: %t loo's li'e a tight hole!
*oolpusher: &oes the 9") have the stabiliCers?
&riller: %t has three!
*oolpusher: Can the circulation be built now?
&riller: Bes. it can !
*oolpusher: &oes the weight indicator wor' well?
&riller: Bes. no problem!
*oolpusher: (ut the drill pipe slip into the rotary table and rotate it!
&riller: ='!
*oolpusher: %t seems to be stuc'! What shall we do next?
&riller: Move the drill string every hal an hour!
*oolpusher: &o we need to release the stic'ing by pumping acid?
&riller: Bes. maybe the acid truc' will arrive here in two hours!
*oolpusher: (lease ix the bra'e handle and have someone stay on the rig
loor!
&riller: % have arranged that!
*oolpusher: *ell you a piece o good news! %t was released 5ust now!
&riller: *hatAs great! 1et3s have a celebration on it
*! Drilling Tools and Processing
(Conversation between a supervisor and a driller)
Supervisor: *he weight indicator shows a reduction o <, tons! What would
be the reason or that you thin'?
&riller: Maybe the drill string is bro'en!
Supervisor: )t what point is the drill string bro'en?
&riller: )t the collar pin!
Supervisor: Where is the ish head?
&riller: )t 4<,,m!
Supervisor: "ow long is the ish 5oint?
&riller: *he total length is @< meters. including + 5oints o G; drill collars.
and :;5oints o 0; collars!
Supervisor: "ow do you deal with the ish?
&riller: We plan to use the slip soc'et!
Supervisor: (lease bring the drilling string chart (sheet) here to chec' the
inside and outside diameters o the ish!
&riller: ='. %3ll etch it now!
Supervisor: "ow many types o slip dies do you have to ish the :;drill
collars?
&riller: We have three siCes on location!
Supervisor: "ave you ever maintained the slip soc'et ?
&riller: We do it $uite oten!
Supervisor: Shall we ma'e up the slip soc'et right now?
&riller: Bes. % thin' so!
Supervisor: "ave you ound the ish?
&riller: Bes. we have!
Supervisor: What is the dierence between the depth circulated and the true
depth?
&riller: "al a meter!
Supervisor: What3s the circulating period?
&riller: "al an hour is enough!
Supervisor: Control the speed while pulling out! &onAt do it too ast!
&riller: We will use the irst gear with lower speed!
Supervisor: "ave all the ishes been ished out?
&riller: Bes. they have!
*$ ?#n@ and *is5ing
(Conversation between a supervisor and a driller)
Supervisor: 2ow the drilling speed is very slow. maybe the cones are lost!
&riller: Maybe!
Supervisor: &oes the rotary table have any change?
&riller: *he tor$ue is very high! Sometimes it really bounces!
Supervisor: "ow long has the bit been used?
&riller: *his is a re/run bit! *he net drilling time is :, hours in total!
Supervisor: which Company is this bit rom?
&riller: Hrom the )merican Reed company!
Supervisor: (lease pull the bit out o the hole right now to chec' it!
&riller: ='. we will get it prepared at once!
Supervisor: "ow about the bit pulled out?
&riller: =ne cone is lost!
Supervisor: )re you going to ish with a strong magnetic isher or reverse
the circulation 5un' bas'et?
&riller: We will use the reverse circulation 5un' bas'et!
Supervisor: "ow about cone ishing?
&riller: *he cones have been ished out!
Supervisor: ) logging man dropped his wrench in the hole!
&riller: % 'now! We3ll use the strong magnetic isher!
*( %#d Loss Processing and Bit Balling
(Conversation between a supervisor and a mud engineer)
Supervisor: 2ow the drilling rate is really low! Maybe the bit is balled!
#ngineer: %t seems so! %ncrease the pump rate and watch the result!
Supervisor: 2ow the drilling speed is ast and the pump pressure is a little
lower! %s it lea'ing o?
#ngineer: Bes. little mud can be seen at the wellhead!
Supervisor: (lease chec' the mud return at the shale sha'ers!
#ngineer: *he $uantity o mud return decreased!
Supervisor: *here is no mud return at the shale sha'ers! %t must be a lost
circulation!
#ngineer: please %norm the mud engineer immediately!
Supervisor: Where is the crane driver?
#ngineer: Maybe he is at the camp site!
Supervisor: (lease get the or'lit driver here right now!
#ngineer: )ll right!
Supervisor: Shall we start mixing the plugging agent now?
#ngineer: Mix it right now!
Supervisor: "ow much water is in the water pitŽ
#ngineer: #nough or mixing + tan's o plugging agent!
Supervisor: *he plugging agent has been mixed! Shall we start pumping?
#ngineer: We start to pump ater diverting the valves!
Supervisor: "ow long will it 'eep in active when plugging agent is pumped
in?
#ngineer: %t is 4< hours!
Supervisor: Will the drilling plugging agent be added while drilling?
#ngineer: Bes. it is depending on the lea'age to add drilling plugging agent!
Supervisor: 1et the driver send water as soon as possible!
#ngineer: We have someone or that!
Supervisor: Start pumping slowly paying attention so as to prevent the
ormation rom lea'ing!
#ngineer: Bes. % see!
Supervisor: %s it still lea'ing?
#ngineer: <,J mud has lea'ed o until now!
Supervisor: *he mud only lows in . but doesn3t return ! Shall we continue
drilling?
#ngineer: Bes. continue drilling!
Supervisor: Remember to move the drill string constantly when you stop
drilling to ma'e mud!
#ngineer: ='! %3ll inorm the driller soon!
Supervisor: What is the lea'ing rate per hour?
#ngineer: 0, barrels per hour!
Supervisor: Mix 0, barrels super plugging agent and pump it in!
#ngineer: *he supper plugging agent has been mixed!
Supervisor: "ow about the plugging 5ob?
#ngineer: We3ve got a 4,,J mud return now!
* 22 部分 3

bale v ®D¶住
bouncing n F{. F {
bra'e handle n -®
bra'e system n FFF • 系
camp site n g„.F„
collar n ´
cone n F º .FFs
decrease v F•.FS
detect v FF.FF
drill bit n FF
drill pipe n F杆

drilling line n FFF.FF
ish 5oint n FFF ñ µ
isher n FF ñ @
ishing cup n FF ñ ‘
ishing tools n FFF ñ g¢
impression n ’“
5un' n F“
5un' bas'et n FF ñ
5un' mill n F ”s•. FF •” –
lea'age n 2Ü
lea'ing rate n ÜÕÿ
logging n F2
maximum n —•.—P
milling pipe n FF 套 筒
pin n F ©
pin tap n F [
plugging agent n F îÜ
processing n F理.F~
pulling weight n €ÌN量
$uiescent n ƒ止.˜止
reamer n F FF t .Ft@
releasing n! F™
rerun v FF Nš ú
reverse ad5 FF ò 的.ò›的
rig loor n Fª
rotary table n FF
rotate v F ³ .FF
shale sha'er n FFFF ² Ë
shoc' absorber n FË@.AË@
slip soc'et n FF Íçñ 筒
spear n F FF 杆ñ œ
stabiliCer n °‘@
stic'ing n 粘着. F Í
truc' n F Í K FF!FF
G 4ORING ?OB
(Conversation between a supervisor and a driller)
Supervisor: Which Company will be in charge o the coring wor' o this
well?
&riller: Corpro!
Supervisor: % have never heard o this company! Which country is it rom?
&riller: %t is a proessional coring company! %3m not sure which country it
comes rom!
Supervisor: "ow about their coring ability?
&riller: Maybe it should be ='!
Supervisor: %t is the irst time or me to cooperate with oreigners! )re they
easy to get along with?
&riller: &on3t worry! #ach o them is easy to get along with i you do your
wor' well!
Supervisor: Hellows. come onK 1et3s unload the coring tools $uic'ly! *here
are so many coring tools!
&riller: What are these tools?
Supervisor: *hese are the coring head. the coring barrel. and the stabiliCer!
&riller: What are these in the boxes?
Supervisor: *hey are some attachments. such as core measuring tools. a core
cutting saw. a core rac's. end caps. a core catcher. a circulating
sub and S/over sub!
&riller: *hey have also prepared some core ishers!
Supervisor: *hese are core/bit tap. core/type 5un' bas'et and core pic'er!
&riller: =>! (ut these coring tools in order!
Supervisor: "ow to ma'e up these coring tools?
&riller: &o it according to the coring engineer3s instruction!
Supervisor: &o you 'now the siCe and type o the coring head?
&riller: *he siCe is : 4?<;×-;. the type is (&C. MC(88< and the series
number is C( 0:<@/C!
Supervisor: %s the bottom hole assembly (9")) or coring the same as the
normal drilling 9")?
&riller: %t is almost the same!!
Supervisor: "ow long are the coring barrel and the stabiliCer respectively?
&riller: *hey are @!-0m and <!<:m long!
Supervisor: What thread type is the x/over sub?
&riller: %t is - 4?<;%H
Supervisor: What siCe is this 'ind o inner barrel?
&riller: %ts outside diameter (=&) is -+?-; and the inside diameter (%&) is -
4?:;!
Supervisor: What siCe is the outer barrel?
&riller: %ts outside diameter (=&) is @;!
Supervisor: What3s the clearance between the outer barrel and the inner
barrel?
&riller: %t is @?:;!
Supervisor: "ow to operate the bra'e bar while coring?
&riller: *he bit eed must be even! *he pump and rotary table must not be
stopped! (ulling up and bra'e ailure are strictly orbidden!
Supervisor: What should we do in case pumps have trouble while coring?
&riller: We have to stop the pumps and the rotary table!
Supervisor: What coring parameters are re$uired by Corpro?
&riller: 0/<,'lbs (W=9)!8o /4<, rpm (R(M) and G,/<0, 6(M (low rate )
are re$uired!
Supervisor: Hlow rate is too low or us to maintain!
&riller: 1ower the engine speed to :,,R(M!
Supervisor: What i we still can not get such a low rate ?
&riller: We have to use one pump and two valves during coring !
Supervisor: What mud property is re$uired during coring?
&riller: %n general. we use water Nbase mud to minimiCe the iltrate
invasion to core and ensure that there is no damage to the core !
Supervisor: "ow do you maintain the mud properties ?
&riller: We3d better maintain the viscosity within +0/-0s to ensure that the
solid content is as low as possible and the sand content is under
,!0 percent !
Supervisor: Who will ma'e a decision i the mud properties need to be
modiied . the mud engineer or coring engineer ?
&riller: Mud engineer. drilling engineer and coring engineer will discuss it
and then the mud engineer will tell you the result!
Supervisor: 9eore tripping in. we must chec' the inside diameters (%&) o
all components to ma'e sure the drop/ball can pass them reely!
&riller: What siCe is the drop/ball we used?
Supervisor: We use two 'inds o drop/balls! =ne is 4 4?- inches. the other is
< inches!
Supervisor: )re there any special re$uirements about the speed during
tripping out?
&riller: = course when the well is deeper than 0,,m. we trip out at
normal speed. 8 minutes?stand within 0,,/+,,m and 4,
minutes ?stand or the last +,,m!
Supervisor: Why is the speed so slow during tripping out?
&riller: *he main reason is to improve the core recovery!
Supervisor: "ow to deal with the core we have got?
&riller: Hirst. measure and mar' the core. then deliver them to the lab or
treatment. inally. we can attain some relevant analysis data!
Supervisor: "ow to deine the core recovery?
&riller: Simply. it is a ratio o the actual core length to the coring ootage!
Supervisor: Can you give me an example?
&riller: ='! % the coring ootage is 4<m and the actual core length is Gm.
then core recovery is @0J!
Supervisor: 9eore tripping in the coring string. are there any re$uirements
about the borehole?
&riller: Hirst o all. ma'e sure that the down hole is under good condition
and the borehole is clean enough!
Supervisor: "ow many types o coring tools are there generally?
&riller: *wo types! 2ormal and special coring tools!
Supervisor: Which interval will we core in?
&riller: *he coring interval is expected to be within 44-,/4+@@m!*he
design length o the coring is 4-0!8m!
Supervisor: Which reservoir will we core in?
&riller: %t is expected to be in the 9entiu Sand Stone reservoir!
Supervisor: %s it a continuous coring?
&riller: 2o. it isn3t. the G4m long interval needn3t to be cored in!
Supervisor: %s the 5ar re$uired to be connected to the coring string?
&riller: Bes !it is re$uired in the drilling design!
Supervisor: "ow many 8 4?- &C and 0 "W&( are needed in the coring
string?
&riller: 4<5oints o 8 4?- &C (about 4,<m) and 40 5oints o "W&( (about
4--m)!
Supervisor: What siCe o borehole will we core in?
&riller: We will core in an : 4?< inches vertical borehole!
Supervisor: &o we core according to the drilling design strictly?
&riller: 2ot sure! %t depends!
Supervisor: When will we call the coring engineer?
&riller: Call him when we trip out to 8 4?- inches drill collar (&C) !
Supervisor: %s the coring #ngineer also on a <-/hour duty?
&riller: Bes. he is on duty at the coring lab!
Supervisor: %s the 4<m long coring barrel used every time?
&riller: Bes! %t is used several times irst and an4:m long one will be used
later!
Supervisor: "ow to use the drop ball?
&riller: ) special circulating sub is oered by Corpro or drop ball!
Supervisor: Where will it be connected?
&riller: %t will be connected on the 'elley!
Supervisor: Will we have a meeting beore coring?
&riller: Bes !all the relevant persons must be present!
Supervisor: "ow do you deliver the coring tools onto the rig loor?
&riller: Hirst put it on the catwal' by using a or'lit. then lit it up to the
rig loor by the crane!
Supervisor: &o you have any special re$uirements while tripping in?
&riller: =perate steadily and reaming with coring head is strictly
orbidden!
Supervisor: What should we pay attention to when we core in the area
containing "<S?
&riller: Sta on the rig loor must wear gas mas's when 0 stands coring
string are let (remained) in the borehole until the coring barrel
appears at the wellhead!
G 22 部分 3
analysis n! 分•
assembly v! Ú?,ÚÛ
attachment n! 附件,附属‰
borehole n! 2t
bra'e n! FFF - ,
cat wal' n! žE
circulating sub n! FFF Ÿ µ
clean n! Æ,理

cooperate v! Û&
coring barrel n! |芯筒
coring bit n! FF |芯
core catcher n! ï芯¡
core cutting saw n! F ï芯
core isher n FFF |芯ñ g¢
core pic'er n! FF ¢2,ï»ñ @
core rac' n! ï芯£3
core/bit tap n! FFFFFFFFFFF ñ i Ø|芯 的[
core/type 5un' bas'et n! FF |芯H¢nñ
coring n |芯
deine v! FFF ¤ , D F ¬›
deliver v! FFFF ¥ , K
drop/ball n! ¥¢¦
end cap n! F î
iltrate v! FF
ootage n! F#
or'lit n! F §
gas mas' n! B毒面¢
instruction n! F V¨,V
interval n! 2"
invasion n! S½,½S
maintain v! FF bc, a
minimiCe v! ©SX
modiy v! aª
oer v! F €«,«
x/over sub n! FF F µ
proessional ad5! FF的
ratio n! M¬,Mÿ
recovery n! FF • ÿ

series n! 系-
sta n! FFFF g&h , g
unload v FF op q
vertical ad5! F FFF ®的, ®的
water/base ad5! R^的
:A *OR%ATION LEA7-O** TE6TING
(Conversation between a supervisor and a driller)
Supervisor: When shall we do the lea'ing o test?
&riller: We3ll do the test when the bit drills out o casing shoe + to 0
meters!
Supervisor: What is the depth o the casing shoe?
&riller: %t3s at the depth o 40,, meters!
Supervisor: "as the cement plug been drilled out?
&riller: 2o! We are drilling the accessories o the casing!
Supervisor: %s the pump or pressure testing ready?
&riller: Bes. it is!
Supervisor: "as the blow out preventer been chec'ed?
&riller: Bes. it has been chec'ed!
Supervisor: Come to my oice ater everything is prepared!
&riller: )ll right!
Supervisor: &oes your pressure testing pump have recording curves?
&riller: Bes. it does!
Supervisor: (lease ill in the pressure testing pump with water!
&riller: *hey are connecting the water pipe now!
Supervisor: &o you use the mud pump or pressure testing?
&riller: 2o! *he mud pump is not easy to be well controlled!
Supervisor: &o you have the lea' o test by using the cementing truc'?
&riller: Bes! "ave their people arrived here?
Supervisor: Bes. they have been here!
&riller: What shall we do next?
Supervisor: (lease circulate and ad5ust the mud property
&riller: *he mud engineer is processing it!
Supervisor: "as the mud circulated e$ually in hole?
&riller: Bes!
Supervisor: What is the mud density now?
&riller: :!: pound per gallon!
Supervisor: (lease pull the drilling bit to the depth above the casing shoe!
&riller: )ll right. we will stop the pump immediately!
Supervisor: %s the well bore ull o mud?
&riller: Bes. it is!
Supervisor: (lease tell the driller to close the blowout preventer rams!
&riller: ='! "e will operate it at the driller3s console!
Supervisor: &oes the pressure gauge wor' accurately?
&riller: Bes!%t is a new gauge!
Supervisor: (lease run the pump slowly!
&riller: )ll right! % 'now that!!
Supervisor: "ow much is the maximum racture pressure?
&riller: %t is <0,, (S%!
Supervisor: "ow much is the lea'ing o pressure?
&riller: %t is <0,, (S%!
Supervisor: (lease bring the recording curves to me!
&riller: % will send it to you in time!
Supervisor: %s the ormation lea'ing o?
&riller: Bes!%t is lea'ing o!
: 222 部分 :
casing shoe n! 套¯–
cement plug n! R²r
cementing truc' n! F Å2
console n! FFF Œª, K板

gallon n! F B
pump or pressure testing n! FFF

I WELL TE6TING
I1 Testing Tools and Proced#res
(Conversation between a supervisor and a driller)
Supervisor: "ow many layers will be tested in this well?
&riller: *hree Cones all together!
Supervisor: "as the testing Cone been perorated?
&riller: Bes. it has!
Supervisor: &oes this Cone need pumping acid beore perorating?
&riller: Bes. it does!
Supervisor: "ave the testing instruments and personnel arrived?
&riller: 2ot yet! *hey will arrive here tomorrow!
Supervisor: )re these &S* testing instruments?
&riller: Bes! *his is the submersible electric pump! *hat is the motor or
electric pump! *hat is the controlling system or cho'ing valves
and measuring devices!
Supervisor: Will you use the - 4?<; tubing or the drill pipe or well testing in
this well?
&riller: We will use the - 4?<;tubing!
Supervisor: Scraping should be done irst beore well testing! %s the scraper
ready?
&riller: Bes! *he G 0?:; siCe scraper has already been chec'ed!
Supervisor: %s it necessary to ma'e up a bit to the scraper?
&riller: Bes. an : 4?<; drill bit needs to be connected!
Supervisor: Hallings are strictly prohibited during tripping the scraper!
&riller: We will ta'e the scraper!
Supervisor: "ow long will the circulation ta'e ater the scraper gets to the
bottom?
&riller: *ill the mud is displaced by resh water and cleaned up!
Supervisor: )re the tubing elevators and slips ready?
&riller: Bes. they are!
Supervisor: (lease hang the cable pulley on the $uadruple board with the
long rope sling!
&riller: ='. hang it on the let o the derric' as it was done the last time?
Supervisor: Bes!
&riller: )nything else do you need us to do?
Supervisor: (lease as' electrician to connect the cable drum to the power
source!
&riller: "e will come here in a moment!
Supervisor: %s the well testing crew rom Schlumberger?
&riller: Bes. but the &S* instruments and service men are rom the Reed
Company!
Supervisor: *he well testing men have gone to dinner! (lease point one to
operate cable drum!
&riller: We will let the generator man operate it!
Supervisor: (lease call the crane driver to lit the electric pump onto the rig
loor!
&riller: %3ll go and call him!
Supervisor: "ow long does it ta'e to connect the electric pump?
&riller: %t will ta'e - or 0 hours!
Supervisor: *he wellhead should be covered to prevent anything rom
alling in when connecting the electric pump!
&riller: We have covered it!
Supervisor: 6ood cooperation is necessary during operation to prevent
s$ueeCing the cable!
&riller: ='. % 'now!
Supervisor: "ow many clips will be used in one 5oint?
&riller: )t least two clips!
Supervisor: *he string will get to the bottom o the hole! (lease as' the
testing men to come to the rig loor!
&riller: *hey will come up at once!
Supervisor: (lease lit the well/test circulating head to the rig loor!
&riller: % thin' that it3s better to let the well test men supervise the
installation
Supervisor: "as the well testing cho'e maniold been connected?
&riller: Bes. it has!
Supervisor: "as the 'illing line been connected?
&riller: 2ot yet! %t3s being done at the moment!
Supervisor: )re all the e$uipment and lines tested?
&riller: Bes. the test pressure is 0,,,psi! #verything is all right
Supervisor: "as the pressure testing got any recording curves?
&riller: Bes. there are recording curves on Schlumberger3s cementing
truc'!
Supervisor: %s the 'illing line3s valve open?
&riller: Bes. it is!
Supervisor: (lease chec' i the wellhead is illed with drilling luid!
&riller: Bes. it is!
Supervisor: (lease ta'e the saety valves and adaptors to the rig loor!
&riller: *hey are well prepared!
Supervisor: %s the lush line connected to the mud pit and lare line
connected to the lash pit?
&riller: Bes!
Supervisor: Will the 9=( be closed while testing?
&riller: Bes. the annular blowout preventer will be closed!
Supervisor: >eep all the unnecessary persons away rom the high/pressure
area while testing!
&riller: We have inormed everyone!
Supervisor: "ave you prepared some materials or lashing?
&riller: %t has been put in the lash pit!
I2 logging paraeters related
(Conversation between a supervisor and a driller)
Supervisor: What is the ratio o oil to water?
&riller: 8,J oil to -,J water!
Supervisor: "ow long do you prepare to pump?
&riller: <- hours!
Supervisor: "ow many barrels o oil is predicted to produce per day?
&riller: 4,.,,, barrels!
Supervisor:What is the test pressure to the pay Cone?
&riller: %t is 4:44psi at 4<:4m!
Supervisor: What is the temperature o the pay Cone?
&riller: *he temperature tested is 40< degree Hahrenheit!
Supervisor: "ow many oil samples have been ta'en?
&riller: <, samples!
Supervisor: What is the shut down pressure?
&riller: *he pressure is <,,psi!
Supervisor: What is the temperature o oil and water separator?
&riller: *he temperature is :, degree!
Supervisor: Will the bridge plug be run in ater the test is inished in this
Cone?
&riller: Bes! 9eore testing the second Cone. it shall be perorated when the
next Cone is plugged!
Supervisor: &o we need to turn o the transmitter. telephone and the radio
when we run/in the bridge plug?
&riller: Bes. they must be shut o!
Supervisor: Shall we s$ueeCe cement in the tested dry Cone ?
&riller: *hat is a decision rom the head$uarters!
Supervisor: "as the tubing hanger been chec'ed?
&riller: Bes it has !%t is in the doghouse!
Supervisor: *o which direction will the Christmas tree be installed?
&riller: *owards the gate!
I 22 部分 3
acid n! ¯Q,¯
adaptor n! FF F µ
board n! FFF 板§ @
bridge plug n! FFFFFFFFFFF ° Í , 0°î, r
cable n! FF
cable drum n! FFF FFF 筒,
cho'ing valve n! F F !
Christmas tree n! F ±6
clip n! F FFFFF , ,µ )
device n! FF …†§de§手"§
drit n! ãä

Hahrenheit n! F F ²Ôf
lare line n! ( FFFFFF ³ ´Ï天•*) F ?µ¯
lashing n! F FFFF ¶, ·™
lush line v! æ¸,æ¹,排¯
lashing pit n! 点?º
install v! 安…
installation n! 安…
irrelative ad5! ¤N的
maniold n! F¯§'>¯,»/¯
mon'ey board n! FF 23gv&ª,¼ ª
mud pit n! FF ² ½
pay Cone n! F FFFFF 6* ,生
perorate v! Tu,¾u,4t
predict v! FF

prohibit v! n止
pulley n! FFFFFFFF Ñ ,Ñ ,¿
$uadruple ad5 ‚À的
ratio n! Mÿ
roll v! FF
rope sling n! F套
scrape v! è,Á
scraper n! èê,èÂ@,è¯@
slinger n! FFFFFFFFF & ,&>,¥ …†
slip n! Íç
spherical ad5! ¦/的,¦面的
submersible ad5! ‹Ã的,pÄq,ÅÃ的
supervise v! F–
transmitter n! FF7.FT7
tubing n! F FFFF ¯§ ¯
tubing hanger n! 6¯†
well/testing n! F2
? R1NNING 4A6ING < 4E%ENTING
?1 4oon 4asings
(Conversation between an engineer and a supervisor)
#ngineer: What is the siCe o the casing?
Supervisor: *he casing is <, inches! (4+ +?:;. G 0?:;)! *his is a @/inch liner!
#ngineer: Where is this 'ind o casing made in?
Supervisor: *his casing is made in %ndia! (China. Iapan. Mexico)
#ngineer: What is the weight. grade and thic'ness o the casing?
Supervisor: *he weight is 8:lbs?t. grade is 2/:, and wall thic'ness is 4<!4G
mm!
#ngineer: What type o thread is this casing?
Supervisor: 9uttress thread!
#ngineer: "ave you inspected the liner hangers?
Supervisor: *he liner engineer and % have done the inspection!
#ngineer: Where are the casing loat collars and the loat shoes made?
Supervisor: *hey are all made by Weatherord C=!
#ngineer: (lease measure the mar' 5oints!
Supervisor: % measured them. they are -!8 m!
?2 Preparation of R#nning 4asing
(Conversation between a rig manager and a tool pusher)
6ig manager: "ow many casings will be run in the well?
*oolpusher: 4<, in total!
6ig manager: (lease ta'e o the casing thread protectors. and then clean and
chec' the threads. drit it with the Iac' rabbit and number
them!
*oolpusher: ='. 1etAs begin now!
6ig manager: %s the Iac' rabbit standard?
*oolpusher: Bes. it is made according to )(% standards!
6ig manager: "ow long is the casing string in total? (lease show me the
casing data sheet!
*oolpusher: "ere you are! *he total length is 48,,!
6ig manager: "ow deep is the casing string run in? "ow many 5oints have
been run in hole?
*oolpusher: *he casing running/in depth is 48,,m! *here are 4+0 5oints in
all. 4+, 5oints have been run in hole!
6ig manager: "ow many deective casings are there in total?
*oolpusher: *hree.*he threads are damaged!
6ig manager: (lease 5oint out the deective casings on the rac's!
*oolpusher: )ll right! We will lit the deective casing out with crane. then
move them away with the grab pipe machine!
6ig manager: "ave you chec'ed the HC?HS( loat collar?loat shoe or casing
collar? casing shoe)?
*oolpusher: Bes. we have! *here is nothing wrong with them!
6ig manager: &uring drilling connect the loat collar and loat shoe to the
casing!
*oolpusher: Hirst we will clean the threads with bentonite. coat them with
thread dope. and then tighten then!
6ig manager: &o the loat collar and the loat shoe need welding?
*oolpusher: 2o. they don3t!
6ig manager: "ave all the casing threads been cleaned and chec'ed?
*oolpusher: Bes. they have! *here is nothing wrong with them!
6ig manager: "as the liner hanger been inspected?
*oolpusher: Bes. the liner engineer has been inspecting it!
6ig manager: 1et3s chec' the casing length. shall we?
*oolpusher: Bes. all right! %3ll etch a steel tape!
6ig manager: Which position is the Mar' Ioints run to?
*oolpusher: 9etween 2o!44 and 2o!4< casing!
6ig manager: What3s the depth o casing shoe and the cho'e ring?
*oolpusher: *he casing shoe will be seated at 48,,m deep. the cho'e ring is
5ust above the irst casing!
6ig manager: Where shall we connect the centraliCers?
*oolpusher: We will set one every 4, eet above the loat shoe and one
every 4, eet below the loat collar! Set one to each o the rest
ive casings!
6ig manager: Will the cementing bas'et be set?
*oolpusher: < pieces are set at about +, meters below the bottom o the
cellar!
6ig manager: Can you tell me how to ma'e the casing string?
*oolpusher: Hrom bottom to top they are HS (loat shoe). a 5oint o casing.
HC (loat collar) and the casings!
6ig manager: *he centraliCer thrust ring will be irst set at 4, eet above the
loat shoe!
*oolpusher: )ll right! We will do it during the drilling stand by!
6ig manager: "as the casing circulating head been moved onto the rig loor?
*oolpusher: Bes. it has!
6ig manager: "ave you chec'ed the cement head?
*oolpusher: Bes. we have chec'ed it together with the personnel rom
Schlumberger!
6ig manager: (lease call the Weatherord personnel here to prepare running
casing!
*oolpusher: )ll right!
6ig manager: &o we need casing centraliCer during the running?
*oolpusher: 2o. it3s unnecessary! %t is not windy today!
6ig manager: "ave you chec'ed the well head beore running casing ?
*oolpusher: 2o. the well head is still in the center!

?! R#nning 4asing Tools
(Conversation between a supervisor and a driller)
Supervisor: &o we need a 5oint elevator to run casing?
&riller: (lease consult the Weatherord person!
Supervisor: What3s the liting load o the side door casing elevator?
&riller: +0, tons!
Supervisor: "ave you ta'en out the wear bushing o the casing head?
&riller: *hey are pic'ing up the pressure testing plug!
Supervisor: "ave the casing tongs been ixed yet?
&riller: 2o. the tong men are chec'ing it!
Supervisor: "ave you prepared slings?
&riller: Bes. they are near T/door!
Supervisor: "ow many aerating casing protectors are there in all?
&riller: *hree or each 'ind!
Supervisor: "ave you applied the casing dope?
&riller: Bes. we have applied it to them all!
Supervisor: &o you have a hex wrench or a thrust ring?
&riller: Bes. it is on the driller3s console!
Supervisor: Where are the nails o the centraliCers?
&riller: they are in the bottle on my des'!
Supervisor: )re the 9/type tongs made in China?
&riller: Bes. they are!
Supervisor: "as the ill line been connected?
&riller: %t3ll be inished in a minute!
Supervisor: %s the mud illing gate valve ready?
&riller: *he assistant driller is preparing in the pump house!
Supervisor: "ave the casing slips. elevators. slip bushing been prepared?
&riller: Bes. everything is ready!

?$ R#nning 4asing
(Conversation between a supervisor and a driller)
Supervisor: %s everyone is here? We will have a saety meeting in the
doghouse beore running casing!
&riller: *he drilling and cementing men are all here now. the mud logging
sta have not come yet!
Supervisor: (lease call the mud engineer to the rig loor!
&riller: )ll right!
Supervisor: "ow about the hole condition?
&riller: %t3s perect!
Supervisor: Who will provide the casing dope?
&riller: %t should be provided by the irst party! (lease lend a barrel to us!
Supervisor: "ow to ill in the hole during running casings?
&riller: Hill up once every ive casings!
Supervisor: "ow about the mud return?
&riller: %t3s good!
Supervisor: Hill up the irst casing. ta'e it out o the rotary table and chec'
the loat shoe!
&riller: ='!
Supervisor: What3s the ma'e up tor$ue o casing?
&riller: %t will be made up until reaching the triangle symbol!
Supervisor: (lease control the speed o running casing to prevent lea'/o!
&riller: =ne person has been observing the mud return!
Supervisor: When can we inish running in all the casings?
&riller: %n about + hours!
Supervisor: "as the casing circulating head been carried to the rig loor?
&riller: Bes. it3s over there!
Supervisor: "as the liting bas'et been prepared? *here are the last + 5oints
beore getting to the bottom!
&riller: Bes. it3s in ront o the rig loor!
Supervisor: (lease wa'e me up beore running to the bottom o the hole!
&riller: ='. we will wa'e you up beore running the last 0 5oints!
Supervisor: *he circulating head must be connected in advance while
running the last 5oint. then pic' up the rotary hose. start the
pump to lush the hole!
&riller: We are ready or it!
Supervisor: Where is the adapter or the circulating head and the rotary
hose?
&riller: %t3s in the doghouse!
Supervisor: Where will the slip be seated when the casing gets to the bottom
o the hole?
&riller: *he lower to the rotary table surace. the better!
Supervisor: Where will you put the casing let?
&riller: Ma'e up protectors and store them on the ground behind the
oice!
Supervisor: "ow long does it ta'e to circulate when the casing gets to the
bottom?
&riller: )n hour and a hal!
Supervisor: (ut the protector in the rubbish pit and clean the location!
&riller: )ll right! % will have some wor'ers to get everything in order!
Supervisor: (lease help collect the casing tongs and the lines!
&riller: ='! %3ll operate the air hoist!


?( 4eenting Operation
(Conversation between a supervisor and a driller)
Supervisor: )re the cementing men here?
&riller: Bes. they are mixing the chemicals!
Supervisor: When will you unscrew the circulating head and ix the
cementing head?
&riller: %t will not be unscrewed until the shale sha'er is cleaned and the
chemicals mixed!
Supervisor: What3s the testing pressure or the cementing/line?
&riller: +,,,psi!
Supervisor: What time will the cementing saety meeting be held?
&riller: )t 0:+,!
Supervisor: What is the inside capacity o the casing?
&riller: %t3s ,!4-G8<lb?t!
Supervisor: "ave the plugs been put into the cementing head?
&riller: *he cementing men are chec'ing them!
Supervisor: "as the cementing line been connected?
&riller: Bes. the pressure testing can start right now!
Supervisor: (lease 'eep away rom the high/pressure line while the pressure
testing!
&riller: % have told the other persons to go to the doghouse to wait or
instructions!
Supervisor: (lease open this valve with a crowbar. and close that valve!
&riller: )ll right!
Supervisor: (lease assign two persons to help measure the slurry weight
with the mud engineer!
&riller: *hey have been assigned!
Supervisor: (lease prepare + bottles o water slurry samples!
&riller: )ll right! "ow about these + bottles?
Supervisor: "ow many barrels o spacer should be pumped?
&riller: 0 barrels!
Supervisor: What3s the programmed slurry weight?
&riller: 48 ((6!
Supervisor: "ow many bags o cement will be pumped?
&riller: 8,, bags!
Supervisor: What is the additional amount o cement?
&riller: 40J!
Supervisor: (lease chec' and see whether the plugs wor' well!
&riller: *he release sign is wor'ing!
Supervisor: "ow long will the displacement ta'e?
&riller: )bout <0 minutes. at @0 stro'es per minute!
Supervisor: What shall we use or the displacement. the cementing truc' or
the mud pump?
&riller: Mud pump! Hirst double pumps. then single pump at a rate o @0
stro'es per minute!
Supervisor: What is the s$ueeCing pressure?
&riller: <0,,psi!
Supervisor: "ow long will it ta'e to wait on cement?
&riller: )bout 8 to : hours! %t will depend on the cement samples!
Supervisor: When shall we release the pressure?
&riller: "old on or 0 minutes ater s$ueeCing the cement!
Supervisor: When can we cut the 4+ +?:; casing?
&riller: )n hour later!
Supervisor: Where will the cement plug be pumped?
&riller: )t about 4<,,m deep near the casing shoe!
Supervisor: We only run 0; open/ended drill pipes in the hole. don3t we?
&riller: Run in 0; pipes to about 4<,,m!
Supervisor: (lease chec' i we have circulating adaptor to the drill pipe?
&riller: We have one - 4?< %H x < union that can connect with the cement
line!
Supervisor: What3s the depth o the cement top?
&riller: 4:0,m deep at the cho'e ring!
Supervisor: Will this hole need top/ cementing?
&riller: Bes. it needs top/ cementing in the annular clearance between <,;
casing and 4+ +?:; casing needs it!
Supervisor: &oes the <,; casing need mar'ing interpolation cementing?
&riller: Bes. please chec' the interpolation cementing head!
Supervisor: &o we directly put a small rotary hose into the annular space or
connect it with the <; tube or top/cementing?
&riller: Connect 4, pieces o <; tubes and prepare the adaptor to connect
the rotary hose!
Supervisor: (lease ind a long pipe to chec' the top o cement in the cellar!
&riller: Iust done! %t3s about 4m below the surace o the cellar!
Supervisor: (ump 8, barrels o high viscosity gel beore pumping the
cementing plug!
&riller: We have already mixed the gel!
Supervisor: (ull + stands out o the hole slowly ater pumping the cement
plug. then ma'e up the >elly or circulation!
&riller: ='!
Supervisor: %s anyone inspecting the cement return. in ront o the shale
sha'er?
&riller: *he mud engineer and the derric' man are there!
Supervisor: Shall we pump out all o the mud ater cementing?
&riller: Bes. pump out the mud rom all the tan's. clean them and pump
resh water into them!!
?) 4opletion Logging and 6ide Trac@ing
(Conversation between a supervisor and a driller)
Supervisor: *he show rom logging is not ideal! &o we need side trac'ing?
&riller: Bes! (repare or pac'ing and side trac'ing!
Supervisor: Where is the side trac'ing point?
&riller: +, m below the casing shoe!
Supervisor: What are the logging items o this well?
&riller: Hrom the surace casing shoe to the bottom o the hole. the logging
items are: *RM?&11?M11?&)1?S(?C)1?&S1?U&1?C2!
Supervisor: )re there any logging items ater cementing?
&riller: Bes. the items are T&1?C91?6R?CC1 and so on!
Supervisor: (lease lit the logging pulley with the air hoist!
&riller: ='!
Supervisor: "ow many runs are there during the completion logging?
&riller: Hour runs
Supervisor: "ow long does it ta'e to inish logging?
&riller: %t3s the second trip. about our hours a tripK we cannot complete it
until lunchtime!
Supervisor: "ow about the logging show or the pay Cone?
&riller: Hrom 40,,m to 404,m. there are 4, m o pay Cone with good
shows!
Supervisor: )ll persons should 'eep away rom the rig loor when loading.
and
unloading the radioactive sources!
&riller: We spo'e about it at the meeting!
Supervisor: "as the logging instrument arrived at the bottom o the hole?
&riller: %t3s hal a meter to the bottom!
Supervisor: (lease tell everyone not to do any electrical welding during the
well logging!
&riller: We have already inormed them!
Supervisor: Ma'e sure all radiosK telephones and transmitters are turned o
while perorating!
&riller: *hey have all been turned o!
Supervisor: #veryone must 'eep away while connecting the perorating gun!
&riller: we have told all the personnel concerned at the saety meeting held
5ust now!
Supervisor: What should we use to send the perorating gun to the target.
drill pipes or electric cable?
&riller: &rill pipes! *he crossover is ready?
Supervisor: "as the perorating operation been inished?
&riller: Bes! )ll guns wor'ed well! Radios. transmitters and telephones can
be turned on now!
Supervisor: Shall we run in the casing or ma'e the wiper trip ater logging?
&riller: 1ogging time is short. we can run in the casing directly!
Supervisor: When can the depth o the run/in casing be determined?
&riller: % don3t 'now! We are to wait or the head$uarters3 instruction!
Supervisor: %s the seismic logging still needed?
&riller: Bes! %tAs the last item!
Supervisor: (lease tell someone to ill the seismic pit with water!
&riller: %t3s ull already!
Supervisor: *he mud engineer wants to spread one bag o bentonite into the
seismic pit to prevent lea'ing o!
&riller: *ell the grab pipe machine driver to do it!
? 22 部分 3
adapter n! Ua@,µÛ@
additional ad5! FFF 附B的, =的
aerating n! Æ*,"*
air hoist n! FFFF * €Ì7
annular ad5! F FFF /的, 0的
annular clearance n! F FFFFFFF û Ç, 0 Ç
bentonite n! FF È $
casing running depth n! ¬套¯Éf
casing seal n! 套¯Äí件
casing setting depth n! 套¯¬SÉf
casing slip n! 套¯Íç
casing string n! 套¯)
cellar n! FF d2,26 2
cementing n! F ±R²,粘
cementing bas'et n! F R²
loat collar n! Ê´
console n! £3,>),Œª
determine v! /›
displacement n! FFFFFFFFFFFFFFF ž%,† p&用q,排pRq量,排«量
doodle bug n! FFFFFFFFFF Ë6杆,„Ë • ,„ËÌt 7
drit n! ÈÉ,ÈU
etch v! Á|,ÁÍ
ix v! Å›,安…
gel n! FFFFFFFF # , , Îs
grab n! F¢,¡
head$uarters n! F FF 部,:部, Ï
hex wrench n! rÐ扳手
ideal ad5! 理™的
instrument n! F@,g¢
interpolation n! ÑS,9Ñe,9me
liner hanger n! F FFF ¯, †@
logging n! F FF 2, 2
measure v! F量
pay Cone n! F FFFFF 6* ,生
perorating gun n! F Tu@,Tu
pump house n! FŽ
radioactive ad5! ™T`的
ramp n! FFFF U面, æ5
rotary hose n! FF R
screw n! ©³,©杆
seismic ad5! „Ë的
side trac'ing n! FF
slip bushing n! FF Íç »
slurry sample n! FFF R² :
spacer n! FF ÒŠQ,ÒŠn, s
spread v! FF øÓ, Ó
s$ueeCe v! F F ,


target n! F FFFFF ,Ô ,Ô的
thread protector n! FF FFFF Õ, ¯´
thrust ring n! FFFFF m力 ,Ým
top/cementing n! F部Å2
transmitters n! F FFFFFFFFFF F@, F@, F7, 筒
tube n! ¯E,¯ì
unscrew v! F FFFFF Ö© ,o©
7 %A?OR DRILLING EB1IP%ENT

71 T5e Po8er 6,ste
(Conversation between an electric engineer and an engine man )
#lectric engineer: Which e$uipment supplies the power to the electric rig?
#ngine man: (ower is supplied by the diesel generator set!
#lectric engineer: "ow many generators are there in a set?
#ngine man: it depends on what 'ind o rig is!
#lectric engineer: "ow many generators are e$uipped with the 0,,,M rig?
#ngine man: 6enerally + diesel generators!
#lectric engineer: What model o the generator do you use now?
#ngine man: %t is C)*!
#lectric engineer: Which type is more stable. C)* or &+GG?
#ngine man: C)* has more advantages than &+GG!
#lectric engineer: Can you give me an example?
#ngine man: *he C)* has greater horsepower. less ailure and easy to
operate!
#lectric engineer: "ow about the service lie o consumable parts?
#ngine man: %t is twice as long as the &+GG!
#lectric engineer: "ow is the oil consumption o the C)*?
#ngine man: *he C)* can save 4,J or an e$ual load!
#lectric engineer: "ow long have you used the C)*?
#ngine man: Hor more than < years!
#lectric engineer: "ow many times have you attended C)* operation
training?
#ngine man: *hree times altogether!
72 T5e 4irc#lating 6,ste
(Conversation between a rig manager and an assistant driller)
Rig manager: When did you change the high pressure valve?
)ssistant driller: We changed it yesterday!
Rig manager: Which valve did you change?
)ssistant driller: We changed the low/pressure valve connected with 2o!4
pump!
Rig manager: Which part o the valve was damaged?
)ssistant driller: *he ram was washed out!
Rig manager: "ow long had it been used?
)ssistant driller: %t was changed last well!
Rig manager: "ave you chec'ed the stand pipe valve yet?
)ssistant driller: Bes We have not only chec'ed but also maintained it!
Rig manager: Why did you stop or +, minutes during normal drilling?
)ssistant driller: Something was wrong with the goosenec'!
Rig manager: Where is the wea' point in the circulating system?
)ssistant driller:*he relie valve o the mud pump is the wea' point!
Rig manager: "ow to design the relie valve pressure?
)ssistant driller:%t is 4!+ times higher than the wor'ing pressure!
Rig manager: Where is the another vulnerable place in the circulating
system?
)ssistant driller: %t is in the wash pipe!
Rig manager: "ow do you prolong the service lie o the wash pipe?
)ssistant driller: 9y chec'ing and lubricating!
Rig manager: "ow oten do you grease it?
)ssistant driller: *wice every shit!

7! T5e Tra=eling 6,ste
(Conversation between a security oicial and a derric' man)
Security oicial:What are dierent ways to handle the drilling line?
&erric' man: *here are two ways. M in turn; and Mcross;!
Security oicial:Which method are you using now?
&erric' man: *he Min turn; method has been used on all the electric rigs!
Security oicial:Why do you have to use the Min turn M method?
&erric' man: 9ecause the ast pulley o the crown bloc' is designed
according to the Min turn; way!
Security oicial:"ow many parts does the traveling system include?
&erric' man : *here are ive assembly parts. they are: crown bloc'.
traveling bloc'. hoo'. swivel and drilling line!
Security oicial:What is the unction o the traveling system?
&erric' man: *o suspend the load o the drill string. to lit up or let it
down!
Security oicial:Who is in charge o greasing and inspecting the traveling
system?
&erric' man: )ccording to the rules. the derric' man is in charge o this
5ob!
Security oicial:"ow oten do you inspect and lubricate it?
&erric' man: %n a normal situation. we chec' it every shit and grease it
once a wee'!
Security oicial: "ow do you treat the traveling system i the well is super
deep?
&erric' man: %t is chec'ed more oten!
Security oicial:What are the re$uirements or the drilling line?
&erric' man: Slip and cut it o in ton?mile!
Security oicial: What do you do i there is extra high temperature?
&erric' man: %t will be maintained more oten!
Security oicial :"ow long will it ta'e to slip the traveling line according
to the client3s instruction?
&erric' man: %t can3t exceed +, minutes !
Security oicial: "ow many minutes does it re$uire to inish slipping the
drilling line?
&erric' man: 2ormally it ta'es 0, minutes!
Security oicial: )ny other re$uirements or slipping and cutting o?
&erric' man: *he &aily Report must be illed with the date and the cut
length o the drilling line!
7$ Top Dri=e
(Conversation between the supervisor and the driller)
Supervisor:"ave you ever operated the top drive?
&riller: Bes. % operated it one year ago!
Supervisor:Bou have some experiences. haven3t you?
&riller : % have mastered some simple re$uirements or the top drive
operation!
Supervisor:Which type o the top drive is better. electric or hydraulic?
&riller : % thin' the electric top drive has more advantages than the
hydraulic one!
Supervisor:What advantages does the electric top drive have?
&riller: Simple installation、rational design、convenient operation and
no pollution!
Supervisor: "ow does the top drive aect the drilling speed?
&riller: %t increases the drilling speed. reduces the ma'ing up time and
prolongs the pure drilling time!
Supervisor: What3s the unction o the top drive or complicated down hole
situation?
&riller: %t is convenient or reaming!
Supervisor: What is the unction o the top drive to the saety o the well
control operation?
&riller: %t is easy. $uic'. lexible and sae to close the 9=( during normal
drilling and tripping!
7 22 部分 3
altogether adv !׈„,ˆ部„
complicated ad5! FFFFFF } 的,}Û的
consumption n !Aˆ,DØ$1的
convenient ad5! dÙ的
crown bloc' n! F 天
electric top drive n! FFFF
experience n! FF
goosenec' n! FF¯
handle n! 手Ú v!F理
horsepower n! F力
master n! P手,•Û v!ÜÝ
pollution n! F!
production n F 生
rational ad5 +理的,Û理的
relie n! FFFFF ™Ö, ,¤Æ
resume v! Þ}
stable ad5! F›的
super deep ad5! ßÉ的
vulnerable ad5! àá的,DØ$1的
L 6PE4IAL DRILLING
L1 Directional Drilling Tools
(Conversation between a supervisor and a driller)
Supervisor: "as the directional drilling engineer arrived here?
&riller: 2ot yet! Maybe he will arrive here ater spud/in!
Supervisor: Which Company will be at our service?
&riller: Schlumberger &irectional &rilling Company!
Supervisor: "ave the motor. the MW&. the 2M&C. the bent subs and other
directional drilling tools been delivered here?
&riller: 2ot yet! Maybe they will be available tomorrow!
Supervisor: )t which position will the sensor be ixed?
&riller: ) special valve on the standpipe is or ixing it!
Supervisor: )re the data o the bottom hole sent bac' by the pressure sensor?
&riller: Bes !*he bottom hole data are transmitted to the surace by a
pressure sensor!
Supervisor: "ave you measured the %&. =& and the length o all directional
drilling tools?
&riller: Bes! *hey are on the drilling tools sheet!
Supervisor: What3s the use o the (91 sub?
&riller: %t3s used or bypassing lost circulation materials when directional
drilling meets lea'ing o!
Supervisor: "ow to use (91 sub?
&riller: (lease read the instruction % gave you!
Supervisor: &oes the :;loat valve need to be connected?
&riller: Bes. the directional drilling engineer re$uires that it must be
connected!
Supervisor: &oes the directional 9") connect the shoc' sub or the drilling
5ar sub?
&riller: %t connects the :; shoc' sub and the 8 4?-;drilling 5ar!
Supervisor: "ow many heavy wall drill pipes do you need?
&riller: 4: 5oints!
Supervisor: (lease help me to connect the sensor to the standpipe!
&riller: % will be there at once!
Supervisor: "ow many drill pipe ilters are there in total?
&riller: *wo! &on3t leave them inside the 'elley during connection!
Supervisor: %s the survey hoist used in drilling directional hole?
&riller: Sometimes it is needed!
Supervisor: &oes the down/hole motor need testing on the surace?
&riller: *he test should be made ater ma'ing up down/hole motor and
MW&!
Supervisor: "ow does the MW& wor'?
&riller: %t3s normal!

L2 T5e Directional Drilling Tec5nolog,
(Conversation between a supervisor and a drilling engineer)
Supervisor: What are the designed *T& and M& o this well?
&rilling #ngineer: *he *T& is 48,,m. and the M& is 48@:m!
Supervisor: "ow many meters have the horiContal displacement o this
well ta'en place?
&rilling #ngineer: +,, meters!
Supervisor: %s this well the MS; type trac' directional well?
&rilling #ngineer: Bes. it is !
Supervisor: What is position to the 'ic' o ?
&rilling #ngineer: )t :@0m!
Supervisor: "ow many degrees is the maximum deviation angle in the
bottom o the hole?
&rilling #ngineer: %t is -< degrees !
Supervisor: "ow many degrees is the bent sub ad5usted?
&rilling #ngineer: ,!0 degree!
Supervisor: Hrom which point does the maintaining angle drilling start? !
&rilling #ngineer: Maintain +, degrees rom 4<:@m to the bottom o the
hole!
Supervisor: "ow many degrees is the current deviation angle?
&rilling #ngineer: *he T*& is 40,,m. the hole/angle is <0 degrees. and
aCimuth is 4G, degrees!
Supervisor: "ow many degrees is the dogleg?
&rilling #ngineer: %t is <!40 degrees per +, meters!
Supervisor: *he signal is wea'! %s 1CM (1ost Circulation Material)
added?
&rilling #ngineer: Bes! *he ormation has a little lea'ing o!
Supervisor: (lease 'eep me inormed whenever lea'age occurs!
&rilling #ngineer: =>. we will inorm you in time whenever lea'age occurs!
Supervisor: &o the tool pusher and the driller 'now how to operate the
(91 sub?
&rilling #ngineer: Bes. 5ust a little! We will call you to the rig loor when
operating!
Supervisor: (lease rotate the table to the mar'ed position!
&rilling #ngineer: 2o problem!
Supervisor: When do you ma'e short trips?
&rilling #ngineer: We3ll drill two 5oints in beore short trips!
Supervisor: Must the two pumps be stopped at the same time when
ma'ing the survey?
&rilling #ngineer: Bes!
Supervisor: Hor how long?
&rilling #ngineer: Hor 0 minutes until the signal is sent to the screen!
Supervisor: We3ll have a little diiculty in tripping out?
&rilling #ngineer: *his section is a 'ic' o interval. no problem!
Supervisor: "ow about the bit tripped out?
&rilling #ngineer: 9earing and teeth are goodK the diameter has been milled
out a little!
Supervisor: What siCe o noCCles will be set on the new bit?
&rilling #ngineer: *hat will be decided by the directional drilling engineer!
Supervisor: What low rate will this motor need?
&rilling #ngineer: %t needs 0,, to @,, gallons !
Supervisor: &oes it need to trip out to change the bent sub?
&rilling #ngineer: Bes. it needs a 4!0 degree bent sub!
Supervisor: What is the down/hole riction resistance?
&rilling #ngineer: )bout <, tons !
Supervisor: "as the drill pipe got to the bottom o the hole ?
&rilling #ngineer: 2ot yet. there is still one let!
Supervisor: "ow about the short trips ?
&rilling #ngineer: Tery smooth!
L! 1nder Balance Drilling E"#ipent and Tec5nolog,
(Conversation between supervisor and drilling engineer)
Supervisor: What about the 9=( pressure testing?
&rilling #ngineer: the pipe rams preventer and the annular preventer are
normal. low pressure is <0,psi and high pressure is +,,,
psi!
Supervisor: "ave you inished pressure testing the cho'e maniold?
&rilling #ngineer: 2ot until the last two valves!
Supervisor: "ave you connected the control head?
&rilling #ngineer: Bes!
Supervisor: &oes the sealing rubber o control head need to be changed?
&rilling #ngineer: We plan to change it tomorrow %t needs changing ater
drilling this single!
Supervisor: Where is the console located?
&rilling #ngineer: 2ear the driller!
Supervisor: Where are the e$uipments made?
&rilling #ngineer: *hey are made by the =il *ool Co!
Supervisor: Shall we use the oam drilling luid?
&rilling #ngineer: =nly in the upper ormation!
Supervisor: what is programmed mud weight?
&rilling #ngineer: %t is supposed to be 4!0!
Supervisor: What is the measured mud weight?
&rilling #ngineer: %t is 4!-:!
Supervisor: When to ma'e the low stro'e pump testing?
&rilling #ngineer: We3ll test it when ma'ing up 5oints!
Supervisor: *he well depth is 40,,m. 2o!4 pump stro'e is 8,stro'es
?minute !"ow much is the standpipe pressure?
&rilling #ngineer: %t3s +,,,psi!
Supervisor: What is the situation i drilling ootage is too ast?
&rilling #ngineer: Mud will return to the surace in 0 minutes!
Supervisor: "ow many minutes is the mud lag time?
&rilling #ngineer: -0 minutes!
Supervisor: "ow about the oil sand shows?
&rilling #ngineer: *hey are good!
L 22 部分 3
angle n! Ðf
aCimuth n! FF dž,„• f
bumper n! F FFF Ë@, æ@
diameter n! ®ä
diiculty n! F â
oam drilling luid n! FF ÃÂ Q

horiContal n! FFFFF „• ,R•面 ad5! R•的,
•™的,l向的
lag/time n! Î
FFFFFFF ã , ä
lea'age n! åÜ

noCCle n! ¯æ.

proposal n! FF
rotate v! F ³ ,
FF
shimmer n! ç
FF ¶,
show n! Q6
*RF FF W, x
special ad5! 特
è的,特的
standpipe n! ¾
¯
transmit v! F
F
% :6E %ANAGE%ENT
(Conversation between supervisor and drilling engineer)
Supervisor: What actors should the Contractor consider in "S#
Management when the Contractor tenders or a bid?
&rilling #ngineer: *he Contractor should mainly consider two actors /// the
outstanding achievement o "S# Management and the
validity o "S# Management System!
Supervisor: What is "S# Management?
&rilling #ngineer: *he "S# Management is a system to manage health.
saety and environment!
Supervisor: Who will attend "S# training?
&rilling #ngineer: )ll o the personnel who ta'e part in the wor' shall
accept "S# training!
Supervisor: What is the purpose o training?
&rilling #ngineer: *he purpose o training is to strengthen "S#
consciousness o the personnel!
Supervisor: Who is responsible or chec'ing the sanitary conditions and
the status o the camp and 'itchen?
&rilling #ngineer: %t is the camp boss3s duty!
Supervisor: What are the doctor3s responsibilities?
&rilling #ngineer: *he doctor is responsible or investigating the common
disease and inectious disease. etc! in the operational
area and ta'ing relevant measures!
Supervisor: What "S# documents will Contractor submit to the Client?
&rilling #ngineer: *he Contractor will submit the "S# Management
Standard and the (lan related to the operation to the
Client!
Supervisor: "ow does the client assess Contractor3s ability o carrying
out "S# Management Standard?
&rilling #ngineer: 6enerally. the client visits the Contractor. including.
reviewing the wor' site!
Supervisor: What will happen i the Contractor ails in "S# assessment?
&rilling #ngineer: *he client will not invite the contractor or bidding!
Supervisor: What3s a $ualiication or the doctor at the wor' site?
&rilling #ngineer: "e must be amiliar with the 5ob he is engaged in! =nce
an accident happens. he must 'now how to protect. aid
and treat the endangered personnel!
Supervisor: What inectious diseases are there in the local area?
&rilling #ngineer: *here is diarrhea and malaria!
Supervisor: What should we pay attention to daily?
&rilling #ngineer: We need to ta'e the medicine in accordance with the
doctor3s instruction! %n the meantime. we should pay
attention to personal habit . diet. and hygiene habits!
Supervisor: Where did you study irst/aid?
&rilling #ngineer: )t the training center!
Supervisor: What are the common personnel accidents at the site?
&rilling #ngineer: #lectric shoc'. burn. drowning. ood poison. body in5ury
and so on!
Supervisor: "ow do you regard the importance o saety management ?
&rilling #ngineer: Saety management is one o the most important parts o
enterprise management!
Supervisor: What are saety colors? and What do they mean?
&rilling #ngineer: Saety colors are the colors which represent saety
inormation. such as orbidding. warning. indicating.
noting and so on!
Supervisor: "ow many saety colors are there? What do they mean
respectively?
&rilling #ngineer: *here are red. yellow. blue and green! Red means
orbidding. stop. ire protection and ris'K yellow means
noting and warningK blue means indication and rule
which must be complied withK green means pass. saety
and inormation advice!
Supervisor: "ow many parts do the saety mar's usually consist o?
&rilling #ngineer: *he saety mar's usually consist o saety colors.
geometrical diagrams and geometrical signs!
Supervisor: What is the saety line o the well site?
&rilling #ngineer: *he saety line o the well site is the boundary to divide
the saety area and the ris' area o the well site!
Supervisor: What are the contents o saety inspection?
&rilling #ngineer: *hey are saety regulation. hidden trouble. measure and
eect!
Supervisor: Who will ta'e part in the saety meeting this wee'?
&rilling #ngineer: )ll personnel o this tour as well as other relevant people!
Supervisor: %s there any record?
&rilling #ngineer: Bes. there is! *he saety manager is in charge o it!
Supervisor: &o we need to as' the supervisor or instructions i we need
welding operation at the well site?
&rilling #ngineer: Bes. we do! We do not proceed with welding operation
until the supervisor permits us!
Supervisor: "ow do you as' or instructions?
&rilling #ngineer: We ill in a orm irst. and then as' the supervisor and the
rig manager to sign it!
Supervisor: What should % do i % don3t understand the words in the orm?
&rilling #ngineer: Bou can as' the engineer to translate them or you!
Supervisor: When shall we spud in?
&rilling #ngineer: %n two hours!
Supervisor: What are we going to do then?
&rilling #ngineer: We are going to chec' e$uipment careully and eliminate
any hidden/accident trouble!
Supervisor: Who will as' the supervisor to accept e$uipment ater we
have chec'ed it?
&rilling #ngineer: *he tool pusher!
Supervisor: Who is responsible or testing the 9=(?
&rilling #ngineer: *he 9=( operator!
Supervisor: "as the separated area been plotted out already?
&rilling #ngineer: Several loor men are plotting it right now!
Supervisor: "ow many saety mar's have been placed?
&rilling #ngineer: Hour!
Supervisor: "ow much high pressure will it be tested to?
&rilling #ngineer: *he high pressure shall be tested to 0,,, psi. holding on
or ten minutes!
Supervisor: &uring testing. the irrelevant personnel shall 'eep away rom
the test area!
&rilling #ngineer: *hey have already been inormed!
Supervisor: Where is the derric' man?
&rilling #ngineer: "e is chec'ing the escaping unit on the rac'ing board!
Supervisor: (lease tell him by transmitter to asten the handling tool
properly!
&rilling #ngineer: % have already told him!
Supervisor: What are these units on the mud tan's?
&rilling #ngineer: *hey are the sensors to detect poisonous gas!
Supervisor: "ow do they detect poisonous gas?
&rilling #ngineer: *hey give an alarm when the concentration o the
poisonous gas is higher than the threshold!
Supervisor: %s it possible that several sensors shall be placed on the drill
loor?
&rilling #ngineer: Bes. it is! %n addition. there are some gas mas's on the
drill loor!
Supervisor: What is the second well control?
&rilling #ngineer: *he second well control is a process to control well
eiciently with well control e$uipment when the irst
well control ails!
Supervisor: Can the used drill pipes be used to connect the lare pit?
&rilling #ngineer: Certainly. but we must ma'e sure that the thread o the
drill pipes were not damaged!
Supervisor: Which places should the weathercoc's be set ?
&rilling #ngineer: *hey should be set on the derric'. the ire house etc!
Supervisor: Why should we set the weathercoc's?
&rilling #ngineer: =nce any emergency happens. the drilling personnel can
evacuate windward!
Supervisor: "ow to prevent "
<
S poisonous gas?
&rilling #ngineer: %n the well program at the suluric area. the suluric
ormation and depth shall be mar'ed out!
Supervisor: What e$uipment should be prepared when drilling in the
suluric area?
&rilling #ngineer: *he well site must be e$uipped with a portable "
<
S
detector. the gas mas' and portable oxygen/suppliers!
Supervisor: Where does "
<
S poisonous gas mainly accumulate?
&rilling #ngineer: %t mainly accumulates around the cellarK the circulation
pits. the shale/sha'ers and the rig loor!
Supervisor: What3s the e$uipment or positioning the irehouse?
&rilling #ngineer: %t shall be placed in a location convenient or wal'ing and
some space should be let in ront and bac' o the
building!
Supervisor: What 'inds o ire extinguishers shall be prepared? "ow
many o them do we need respectively?
&rilling #ngineer: *wo 4,,1 oam extinguishers. ten :'g dry/powder
extinguishers and two 0'g carbon/dioxide extinguishers!
Supervisor: What other ire protection tools and materials shall we
prepare?
&rilling #ngineer: *wo axes. six spades. eight barrels. our cubic meters o
sand. hose and a s$uirt gun!
Supervisor: "ow do you ta'e care o these ire protection tools and
materials?
&rilling #ngineer: *he speciic person is in charge o the ire house. *he ire
protection tools and materials can not be used or other
purposes!
Supervisor: What is the highest pressure in the oxygen cylinder?
&rilling #ngineer: 40 Mpa!
Supervisor: "ow do you identiy the oxygen cylinder?
&rilling #ngineer: *he color dyed on the surace o the oxygen cylinder is
aCure with a blac' mar'!
Supervisor: What do we need to pay attention to during transporting and
storing o the oxygen cylinders?
&rilling #ngineer: )ny violent shoc' or bouncing must be avoided!
Supervisor: What must be noticed when the acetylene cylinders are used?
&rilling #ngineer: *he violent shoc' and bouncing must be avoided! 9y the
way. the acetylene cylinders are stored only in the upright
position. not on their sides!
Supervisor: "ow do we deal with the rubbish at the well site?
&rilling #ngineer: %t will be collected every day and put them into the
rubbish pit outside the well site or burning at the
designated time!
Supervisor: "ow do we reduce the sewage at the well site?
&rilling #ngineer: When we clean the well site. we shall use as little water
as possible! *hat is. we shall use water $uite eiciently!
Supervisor: "ow is the waste drilling luid dealt with?
&rilling #ngineer: *he waste drilling luid will be recycled as much as
possible!
Supervisor: "ow do we control the noise rom the well site?
&rilling #ngineer: We shall ta'e the measures to eliminate and mule the
noise rom the well site!
Supervisor: "ow do we protect the environment during drilling?
&rilling #ngineer: We shall prevent pollution rom the well blowing/out.
adopting the lower al'ali and lower poisonous mud. and
trying to use non/poisonous mud prescription!
Supervisor: "ow do we reduce the harm caused by noise to the human
body?
&rilling #ngineer: We shall strengthen protection individually by using
earplug. ear cover or ear cotton!
Supervisor: "ow many 'inds o pollution mainly occur in the drilling
operation?
&rilling #ngineer: *hey are mostly waste residue (cuttings). used luid
(drilling luid). noise and so on!
Supervisor: Which unit is responsible or detecting the environment?
&rilling #ngineer: *he local environment protection department!
Supervisor: What wor' do they mainly do?
&rilling #ngineer: *hey mainly engage in environment detecting.
comprehensive analysis and environmental $uality
evaluation!
Supervisor: "ow do we protect the environment?
&rilling #ngineer: We shall reasonably explore and utiliCe the natural
resources. and saeguarding human health !
Supervisor: Why do we protect the environment?
&rilling #ngineer: *o protect the environment is to protect ourselves!
% 222 部分 :

acetylene n! F é
al'aline n! F
assess v! F êë,ê
assessment n! F FFFFFFFF ›, ì,í ,/›
axe n! îì
aCure v! FFFF O 天 ï
bounce v! F +
boundary n! F F ð,分ð
cellar n! d2
consciousness n! F ‡
contractor n! ñ¶h,ñ¶ò
diagram n! F FF ¤, K
diarrhea n! óô
drown v! Äõ,ÄÃ
dry/powder extinguisher n! FFF ö÷ ?@
eliminate v AÆ,排Æ

enterprise n! F ø
evacuation n! ùŠ,12
ire extinguisher n! F?@
irehouse n! ABú
irst aid n! ¥¦
oam extinguisher n! FFF ÃÂ ?@
geometrical ad5! ûü的
individual ad5! ýh的
inectious ad5! F FFFF !的, !`的
malaria n! Fô
oxygen cylinder n! F FFFF *þ,P *筒
plot n! FFFFFFFFFFFFF F ,„ ,„ÿ,„", 划
prescription n! FF ad, d
rac'ing board n! Q23R FF ¼ ª
regulation n! F FFFFFFFFFFFFFFF ~, , ~ÿ, ›,t¬, 章
residue n! FF 残渣, 渣
review v! FF FFFF ,} ,
salvage v! F FF ¦, ¦
sanitary n! F生
seclude v! %ÒŠ,%孤¾

sewage n! F FF R, R
s$uirt gun n! F ®!R
strengthen v! B强
sulphur n! 硫磺,硫
threshold n! FFF ð限, ð
validity n! +;,‘/`,+;期
weather coc' n! F F 向
wor' site n! FF
N 22 英文信件
1、英文信í的写e
a FFFFFFFFFFFFF 、 票 在信í‘面右ÝЧ
b、寄信h姓名、„址写在‘面右ÝЧ
c FF 、•信h姓名、„址写在‘面的x央或右¬‚分之一 。
2 FFFF 、英文 信
FFFFFFFFF 英文 信¶¸rý部分:
a、寄信h„址V日期pThe Headingq
b 、•信h姓名V„址pInside Addressq
c 、称呼pThe Salutationq
d、信文pThe Bodyq
f FFFFF 、 尾 称p The o!"li!entary loseq
g FFF 、 名pSignatureq
P 222 2 2 2 2 2 2 µ听 的+N±‡事
222 一、µ :
F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F µ 一 ! " # Ž $ % & ' 在 [ 司
FFF F F F FFFF F F FF F F F F F F F FF F F F F ÝŸ,µ 的一! '(b [司名称,•ãb 姓名,)
#ay I hel" you $ $&在 AB F FFF F F 件[司ÝŸ,&* ,µä
FFF FFFF & : AB Soft%are . This is #ary s"ea&ing. #ay I
hel" you$ FFFFFFFF $%&'在Û^µ ,一! Hello$
22 ¼、$üã :
F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ã 英 , K ± ‡ 得 + 、 , , -
F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F . , K ± ‡ 英 ! ( , Q K 用 Q × ~ 的 英 ! (
FFFFF FF FF FF FF FFFFF FF FF FF F /免 d ¤&的‡0。1.,Ê d听 2Ã+。$: Are yo
u %ith !e$ 或'o you understand %hat I3! saying$
2222 ¿、听 :
F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 在 x 听 = 8 h 英 , M 面 面 3 â 。
F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F + d 可 能 Q 4 E & Ã 听 - 5 ý Q ˜
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF 6/, 7&K+89„ñ5 d的 , :N 。$: ()cuse !
e * I didn3t +uite understand %hat you said. ,ould you "lease
re"eat yourself$ And s"ea& slo%er* "lease.
2222 ‚、µ :
F F F F F F F F F F F Æ ; ' < Z = 的 > ? , @ K ± ‡ A B Ý 的 8
FFF F F F F FFF FF F F F F F F F F F F F F FFF F 9。在 x,zC用 的 *KW89。$:KËDDh ,
#ay I s"ea& to sb$ FF F dE7, an you hold on $ FF F ™ ' ,
F FKG*„#ay I tell hi! %ho is calling$ FFF F FF F K dH , #ay I
ta&e a !essage$
I、特è用e:
FF FF F F F F F F x,JKLMQä d,6/,N用 it 或this FF F Oƒ‚ &或
FFF F FF F F P。¬$, d' ,Q ,ho are you F Ž-K ,ho is this F ŽQ
F F dP'DDh,K This is DDh,-Q'I a! F DDh。-&µ
FF FFFFFFFFFFFFFFF , d‘R'Ë&听 ,&KôS This is he 或This is she.
z用!(
FFFF P可/TU(生 #Ž
#ay I s"ea& to #r. -ee* "lease$
PV'
It is !e . I a! #r.-i/
FF FF &' Ž
,ho is calling *"lease$
#ay I &no% %ho is calling$
P可/Ë1isa FFFF 听 Ž
May % spea' to Miss 1isa?
FFFFF PÁMM '@+û
-et !e chec& and see if she3s a0ailable.
FE7
1ust a !o!ent * "lease.
FFÝVO
She3ll be right %ith you.
FFFFFFFFFFFFF 可/ P: [j的 W #Ž
#ay I ha0e his office "hone nu!ber*"lease$
FF F «Áû分
She has 2ust ste""ed out for a fe% !inutes.
FFFF :X# 7ôO
,hen %ill he be bac&$
F FFFFFFFF Y特 在Ã+ûµ
3obert is not a0ailable at the !o!ent.
FFFFF :‘在µ 一ý
He is on another line right no%.
FFFFFFF &一›' W 2
I3! sorry* you !ust ha0e the %rong nu!ber.
FFFFFFFF &K的 W 'X#Ž
,hat nu!ber are you trying to dial$
F FFFFFF Që, &Z[2。
I3! sorry to ha0e &e"t you %aiting.
FFFFF ‡\(生]C^C &ô
#r. Bro%n %ill ha0e to call you bac& in a little %hile.
FFFF PÃ听 & 的
Sorry* I didn3t +uite catch you.
B LI>ING
B1 Li=ing
(Conversation between the general manager and the rig manager)
6eneral Manager: "ow do you manage barrac' lie abroad?
Rig Manager: *he authoriCed camp boss is responsible or all o it!
6eneral Manager: What $ualiications must a barrac' manager have?
Rig Manager: "e must 'now how to manage barrac' lie and be able to
spea' #nglish!
6eneral Manager: "ow many coo's are there in a drilling crew?
Rig Manager: *wo or three!
6eneral Manager: What are the $ualiications o choosing a coo'?
Rig Manager: )ll o the coo's must have a 6rade 4 Coo' Certiicate!
6eneral Manager: "ow to transport the 'itchen e$uipments abroad?
Rig Manager: *hey can be carried abroad by ship together with the drilling
e$uipments!
6eneral Manager: "ow to buy the necessities and materials or daily lie?
Rig Manager: Most o the goods and materials or daily lie can be bought
at the local mar'ets!
6eneral Manager: "ow about the supplies at the mar'ets in the Middle #ast?
Rig Manager: )s or the vegetables. they can3t meet our demands!
6eneral Manager: Why?
Rig Manager: 9ecause there are ewer varieties and they don3t taste as
good as Chinese ood!
6eneral Manager: "ow about the meat supply?
Rig Manager: Mainly .*he bee and the mutton are available!
6eneral Manager: Can the seaood be bought there?
Rig Manager: Bes. it is! Hor example. shrimp and crab can be bought
somewhere. but they are very expensive!
6eneral Manager: What is the staple ood or daily living?
Rig Manager: Rice and wheat lour!
6eneral Manager: &o you oten give varieties to the meal?
Rig Manager: Bes. we oten have noodles. 5iaoCi?dumplings. ried ca'es!
6eneral Manager: )re beverages available in abundant supply?
Rig Manager: Bes. but there3s mainly mil' and 5uice!
6eneral Manager: %s alcohol prohibited in )rabic countries?
Rig Manager: Bes. the laws o these countries orbid alcohol!
B2 Barrac@s
(Conversation between the general manager and the pro5ect manager)
6eneral Manager: Who supplied the barrac's ?
(ro5ect Manager: *hat depends on time. location and the pro5ects!
6eneral Manager: in the case o &2= pro5ect. who is the supplier?
(ro5ect Manager: %t is the local barrac' service company!
6eneral Manager: What does an ordinary barrac' include?
(ro5ect Manager: %t includes bedrooms. a dinning/room.a meeting/hall. as
well as laundry. bath/rooms and toilets!
6eneral Manager: )re the electricity and water supplied by the service
company?
(ro5ect Manager: *he electricity is supplied by us. but water is supplied by
the service company!
6eneral Manager: "ow about the living conditions!
(ro5ect Manager: *hey are in accordance with regular international
standards! *hey are categoriCed as the senior grade and
the 5unior grade!
6eneral Manager: Who can live in the senior barrac'?
(ro5ect Manager: *he leaders above pusher man!
6eneral Manager: "ow about the design and $uality o the barrac'?
(ro5ect Manager: *he design is reasonable and the air proo is up to
standard!
6eneral Manager: Can you ta'e a shower every day?
(ro5ect Manager: Bes. we can. except on the days or moving!
6eneral Manager: "ow oten do you have your wor'/suits washed?
(ro5ect Manager: *here is no time limitation or washing wor'/clothes!
6eneral Manager: Who will supply service or the well site oice?
(ro5ect Manager: %t3s also supplied by the local service company!
6eneral Manager: "ow do you coordinate with the local service company on
daily aairs?
(ro5ect Manager: *he barrac' manager o the local service company always
stays at the well site to handle oicial business!
6eneral Manager: Who is responsible or the transportation o the acilities
o the barrac's when the drilling crew moves?
(ro5ect Manager: *he local service company ta'es responsibility or
transportation!
B! Eplo,ee %anageent
(Conversation between a rig manager and an employee)
Rig manager: "ello. where are you rom?
#mployee: We are rom China!
Rig manager: What do you mainly do?
#mployee: =ur wor' is mainly or oil drilling!
Rig manager: &o you need wor'ers now?
#mployee: Bes. we are going to recruit some new wor'ers!
Rig manager: Can % wor' or your company?
#mployee: Bes. BouAre welcome!
Rig manager: WhatAs the re$uirement or the new employee?
#mployee: *hey should be in good health. and between eighteen and
twenty/ive years old!
Rig manager: WhatAs the education re$uirement?
#mployee: *here are certain education standards and they are able to
communicate in #nglish!
Rig manager: Would you mind telling something about your wor'
experience?
#mployee: 2ow. %Ave been wor'ing in drilling or two years!
Rig manager: "owAs your physical condition?
#mployee: Tery well?healthy! What 'ind o 5ob are your new employees
going to do?
Rig manager: *hey are going to wor' as loor men. enginemen and cleaners!
#mployee: What are the regulations or the new employees?
Rig manager: 2ew employees must comply with all the speciic rules and
regulations!
#mployee: "ow can % become one o your employees?
Rig manager: % you passed the interview you will be our temporary
employee!
#mployee: Shall % receive training ater becoming a temporary employee?
Rig manager: Bes. you should irst sign a temporary contract o
employment. and then you will receive some simple training
and undergo one wee'As probation?tryout!
#mployee: )ter the end o probation?tryout % could be a regular employee.
Couldn3t %?
Rig manager: Bes. but i eligible. otherwise dismissed!
#mployee: WhatAre the wor'ing hours?
Rig manager: *welve hours a day. that is. wor'ing or twelve hours and rest
or another twelve hours per day!
#mployee: WhatAs the salary?
Rig manager: *he salary will be decided according to the local labour law
and the 5ob especially!
#mployee: What are the salary components?
Rig manager: Salary includes basic salary. position salary. estival subsidy.
living subsidy. trip subsidy and holiday pay!
#mployee: &o you pay wee'ly or monthly?
Rig manager: Salary is calculated according to post and actual wor'ing days
per month and is paid monthly!
#mployee: "owAs the labour saety?
Rig manager: *he labour saety is stipulated in the contract o employment!
#mployee: WhatAre the labour saety articles?
Rig manager: 1abour saety articles include wor'ing clothes. shoes. gloves
and a saety helmet etc!
#mployee: "ow do you distribute articles o everyday use?
Rig manager: )ll new wor'ers have the same articles as the others!
#mployee: What are the commodities?
Rig manager: *hat would include soap. toothbrush. toothpaste. towel.
shampoo and slippers etc!
#mployee: &o you provide dorms?
Rig manager: Bes. we provide new dorms or our new employees!
#mployee: "owAs the ood?
Rig manager: We oer Chinese ood. Western ood and local ood!
#mployee: "ow about vacation?
Rig manager: Onder normal circumstances. wor' two months and ta'e two
months o!
#mployee: %s there any payment during vacation?
Rig manager: Bes. we pay the vacation salary according to the contract!
#mployee: "ow can % as' or a leave?
Rig manager: Bou should submit it to your tool pusher and get the
authoriCation rom your rig manager!
#mployee: What should % do i % get ill?
Rig manager: %n that case you should see the company doctor and receive
treatment actively!
#mployee: Could you tell something about discipline on the 5ob?
Rig manager: *hose who are absent rom wor' without reason will be
dismissed!
*hose who are sleeping on duty will be deducted ten percent
o their salary!
*hose who $uarrel with tool pusher or dey management will
be dismissed!
*hose who do not comply with labor rules will be handed over
to Sudan 1abor Court!
#mployee: What should employee do ater the termination?end o the
contract?
Rig manager: We will compensate the employee according to Sudan 1abour
law!
#mployee: &o driller and cleaner have the same amount o salary?
Rig manager: 2o. we pay according to position! #ach position has its own
salary range!
B 22 部分 3
abundant ad5! _`的
authoriCe n! F a
barrac' n! FŽ,Žb

commodity n! 日用‰,ò‰
compensate v! FF FF ,


conigure v! FF 排-, Û
crab n! c
deduce v! FFFFFFF d ,md,m
dey v! FFF [•›w,e fg
dismiss v! óÆ
distribute v! FFFF 分 ,分a
driller n! F 司
eligible ad5! ÛU的.Uh的
engineman n! FFF 7g, 7
establishment n! FF 3¾, ¾
loor man n! F„g
ried ad5! 6i的,6j的
5uice n! %k,lk
marine ad5! mÝ的,n用的
oil drilling n! ±6
platorm n! oª,úª
post n! F杆,>)
probation?tryout n! F FF 用,
$ualiication n! FFFFFFFFF a ,限, pt件
recruit n! FFFF š¹ ,ü•
regular ad5! FFFFFF ~ 的,q称的
regulation n! FF F ,e
rig manager n! FF •ª 理
saety helmet n! 安ˆÕ
shampoo n! FF ¸
shrimp n! F S
staple n! O FF (7,
stipulate n! F›, F›
subsidy n! F FF 助i,
temporary ad5! FF的
termination n! F FFF 点, r, F止
transportation n! FF7
treatment n! F FFFFF 理, ],]-
undergo v! FF,,Ø
wor'/suit n! g&f