Case Study-2

5.2 (a) Project Details:
Table-5.2.1 Activity data, Precedence relations and Resource data
Activity Normal Crash ∆t ∆c ∆c/∆t Resource*
Duration
(Days)
Cost
(units)
Duration
(Days)
Cost
(units)
R1 R2
0-1 8 4000 6 6000 2 2000 1000 2 2
0-2 5 1500 4 2000 1 500 500 Nil 2
0-3 6 2500 4 3000 2 500 250 4 4
1-4
4 1800 3 2000 1 200 200 Nil 2
2-5 6 1000 5 1200 1 200 200 Nil 4
3-6 7 2000 5 3000 2 1000 500 4 4
1-7 5 3000 3 6000 2 3000 1500 Nil 2
5-8 8 4500 5 9000 3 4500 1500 4 Nil
3-9 9 6000 4 10000 5 4000 800 Nil 3
6-10 6 6000 4 8000 2 2000 1000 4 1
7-11 4 2000 3 2600 1 600 600 Nil 4
4-12
6 3000 3 9000 3 6000 2000 Nil 4
8-13
4 8000 2 12000 2 4000 2000 Nil 3
* A maximum value of 6 and 8 has been specified for both of the resource types R-1 and R-2 respectively
during entire project.
5.2 (b) PROJECT NETWORK:
0 13
8
5 2
12 4 1
9
10
6 3
11 7
B
A
C
G
D
K
L
E
H
M
I
F J
5
6 8
4
5
4
6
6
9
6
7
4 8
Fig. 5.2.1: Activity on Node Network
5.2.2 Resource Distribution before contraction of network (for normal project duration)
Resource R1-before leveling
(a) Histogram for Resources (overallocation)
Resource R2-before leveling
(b) Histogram for Resource- R2 (overallocation)
Fig. 5.2.2 Resource Distribution for normal project duration
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATION
OVER ALLOCATED
RESOURCE
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATION
OVER ALLOCATED
RESOURCE
5.2.3 Resource Allocation before contraction of network:
Project duration has been extended from 22 to 25 days in resolving resource
constraints.
R1-after leveling
(a) Histogram for Resource R-1 (overallocation has been resolved)
R2-after leveling
(b) Histogram for Resource R-2 (overallocation has been resolved)
Fig. 5.2.3 Resource Allocation using Ms-Project software
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATION
OVER ALLOCATED
RESOURCE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATION
OVER ALLOCATED
RESOURCE
5.2.4 Details of Contraction of Project Network
Table 5.2.2 Steps in contraction of project
Activity crashed Weeks
saved
Project duration Direct cost Indirect
cost
Total cost
Nil 0 23 45300 23000 68300
2-5 1 22 45500 22000 67500
0-2 1 21 46000 21000 67000
5-8 1 20 47500 20000 67500
5-8 1 19 49000 19000 68000
5-8 & 0-3 1 18 50750 18000 68750
0-3, 1-4 & 8-13 1 17 53200 17000 70200
3-6, 0-1 & 8-13 1 16 56700 16000 72700
5.2.5 Time Cost Trade-off
Fig. 5.2.4 Time –Cost variation during contraction of Project
45300 45500
46000
47500
49000
50750
53200
56700
68300
67500
67000
67500
68000
68750
70200
72700
0
10000
20000
30000
40000
50000
60000
70000
80000
15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

C
O
S
T
(
u
n
i
t
s
)
Project Duration(Days)
Direct cost
Indirect cost
Total cost
5.2.6 Resource Distribution after contraction of network (Project duration=16 days)
R1 RESOURCE HISTRIOGRAPH:
(a) Histogram for Resource- R1 after contraction of project (overallocation)
R2 RESOURCE HISTRIOGRAPH:
(b) Histogram for Resource- R1 after contraction of project (overallocation)
Fig. 5.2.5 Resource Distribution for contracted project duration
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATION
OVER ALLOCATED
RESOURCE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATION
OVER ALLOCATED
RESOURCE
5.2.7 Resource Allocation after contraction of network (Project duration=16 days)
Project distribution has not extended as floats have been sufficient to carry out resource leveling.
(a) Histogram for Resource- R1 (no overallocation)
(b) Histogram for Resource- R2 after contraction of project ( no overallocation)
Fig. 5.2.6 Resource Allocation for contracted project duration
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATION
OVER ALLOCATED
RESOURCE
6.4
6.6
6.8
7
7.2
7.4
7.6
7.8
8
8.2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
P
R
O
J
E
C
T

R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
PROJECT DURATION
RESOURCE
5.2.8 Project Network after crashing of activities (Contracted Network)
0
B
A
C
4
4
2
E
5
7
1
11 7
G
D
K
5
4
3
13
5
H
5
10 6
J
6
9
3
I
F
9
6
8
M
2
12 4
L
6
Fig. 5.2.7: Schedule of activities after contraction