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SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 18: THE BOOK PERTAINING TO JUDICIAL DECISIONS (KITAB ALAQDIYYA)
Document Information: 1st edition Edited by: Mika'il al-Almany Created: 2009-10-02 1 :!1:"! #ast modified: 2009-11-0" 01:11:!$ %ersion: 09110"0111!$11!$-10"

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 18: THE BOOK PERTAINING

TO JUDICIAL

DECISIONS (KITAB AL-AQDIYYA)

Cont nt
Boo! 18: T" Boo! P #t$%n%n& to J'(%)%$* D )%+%on+ (K%t$, A*-A-(%..$)///////////////////////////1 C&a'ter 1: It is t&e defendant (&o s&oulb s(ear )to 'ro*e &is innocence+ ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,$ C&a'ter 2: -ud.ment is to be 'ronounced on e*idence/ and one (&o is elo0uent in &is 'lea )may (in t&e case+ ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,$ C&a'ter $: It is forbidden to ask many 0uestions and (astin. of (ealt& ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,," C&a'ter !: 1&e re(ard of t&e 2ud.e (&en &e tries to arri*e at a decision/ (&et&er t&at decision is correct or incorrect ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,3 C&a'ter ": It is not desirable to .i*e 2ud.ment in a fit of ra.e ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, C&a'ter 3: 4e2ectin. of t&e (ron. t&in.s and t&e inno*ations )in reli.ion+ ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, C&a'ter : An e5cellent (itness ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,6 C&a'ter 6: 1&e difference of t&ose (&o endea*our to arri*e at t&e correct decision ,,,,,,,6 C&a'ter 9: It is meritorious for a 2ud.e to brin. about conciliation bet(een t(o contendin. 'ersons or 'arties ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,9 C&a'ter 10: 7tray t&in. found by anyone ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,9 C&a'ter 11: 7tray t&in.s of t&e 'il.rims ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,12 C&a'ter 12: It is forbidden to milk an animal (it&out t&e 'ermission of its o(ner ,,,,,,,12 C&a'ter 1$: Entertainment of t&e .uest ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,1$ C&a'ter 1!: It is meritorious to s'end t&e sur'lus (ealt& for one's brot&er ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,1! C&a'ter 1": In case t&e 'ro*isions run s&ort/ t&ese s&ould be 'ooled ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,1!

Book 18 - 2 11

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 18: THE BOOK PERTAINING

TO JUDICIAL

DECISIONS (KITAB AL-AQDIYYA)

C"$0t # 1: It %+ t" ( 1 n($nt 2"o +"o'*, +2 $# (to 0#o3 "%+ %nno) n) )
Boo! 4185 N'6, # 7877:
Ibn Abbas re'orted Alla&'s A'ostle )may 'eace be u'on &im+ as sayin.: If t&e 'eo'le (ere .i*en accordin. to t&eir claims/ t&ey (ould claim t&e li*es of 'ersons and t&eir 'ro'erties/ but t&e oat& must be taken by t&e defendant,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 7879:
Ibn 'Abbas re'orted t&at Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ 'ronounced 2ud.ment on t&e basis of oat& by t&e defendant,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 787::
Ibn 'Abbas re'orted t&at Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ 'ronounced 2ud.ment on t&e basis of an oat& and a (itness )by t&e 'laintiff+,

C"$0t # 8: J'(&6 nt %+ to , 0#ono'n) ( on 3%( n) 5 $n( on 2"o %+ *o-' nt %n "%+ 0* $ (6$. 2%n t" )$+ )
Boo! 4185 N'6, # 787;:
8mm 7alama re'orted Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ as sayin.: 9ou brin. to me/ for )2ud.ment+ your dis'utes/ some of you 'er&a's bein. more elo0uent in t&eir 'lea t&an ot&ers/ so I .i*e 2ud.ment on t&eir be&alf accordin. to (&at I &ear from t&em, ):ear in mind/ in my 2ud.ment+ if I slice off anyt&in. for &im from t&e ri.&t of &is brot&er/ &e s&ould not acce't t&at/ for I sliced off for &im a 'ortion from t&e ;ell,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 7878:
1&is &adit& &as been narrated on t&e aut&ority of ;is&am (it& t&e same c&ain of transmitters,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 787<:
8mm 7alama/ t&e (ife of Alla&'s A'ostle )may 'eace be u'on &im+/ re'orted t&at Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ &eard t&e clamour of contenders at t&e door of &is a'artment, ;e (ent to t&em/ and said: I am a &uman bein. and t&e claimants brin. to me )t&e dis'ute+ and 'er&a's some of t&em are more elo0uent t&an t&e ot&ers, I 2ud.e &im to be on t&e ri.&t/ and t&us decide in &is fa*cur, 7o &e (&om I/ by my 2ud.ment/ ).i*e t&e undue s&are+ out of t&e ri.&t of a Muslim/, I .i*e &im a 'ortion of <ire= &e may burden &imself (it& it or abandon it,

Book 18 - ! 11

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 18: THE BOOK PERTAINING

TO JUDICIAL

DECISIONS (KITAB AL-AQDIYYA)

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 7894:
1&is &adit& &as been transmitted on t&e aut&ority of Ma'mar (it& a sli.&t *ariation of (ords,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 7891:
A'is&a re'orted: ;ind, t&e dau.&ter of '8tba/ (ife of Abu 7ufyan/ came to Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ and said: Abu 7ufyan is a miserly 'erson, ;e does not .i*e ade0uate maintenance for me and my c&ildren/ but )I am constrained+ to take from &is (ealt& )some 'art of it+ (it&out &is kno(led.e, Is t&ere any sin for me> 1&ereu'on Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ said: 1ake from &is 'ro'erty (&at is customary (&ic& may suffice you and your c&ildren,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 7898:
1&is &adit& &as been narrated on t&e aut&ority of ;is&am (it& t&e same c&air of transmitters,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 789=:
A'is&a re'orted t&at ;ind came to Alla&'s A'ostle )may 'eace be u'on &im+ and said: Messen.er of Alla&/ by Alla&/ t&ere (as no ot&er &ouse&old u'on t&e surface of t&e eart& t&an your &ouse&old about (&ic& I c&eris&ed Alla& brin.in. dis.race u'on it/ )and no(+ t&ere is no ot&er &ouse&old u'on t&e surface of t&e eart& t&an your &ouse&old about (&ic& I c&eris& Alla& .rantin. it &onour, Alla&'s A'ostle )may 'eace be u'on &im+ said: It is so/ by ;im in ?&ose ;and is my life 7&e said: Alla&'s Messen.er/ Abu 7ufyan is a ni..ardly 'erson, Is t&ere any &arm for me if I s'end u'on &is c&ildren out of &is (ealt& (it&out &is 'ermission> 1&ereu'on Alla&'s A'ostle )may 'eace be u'on &im+ said: 1&ere is no &arm for you if you s'end u'on t&em (&at is reasonable,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 7897:
A'is&a re'orted t&at ;ind/ dau.&ter of 8tba &, 4abi'/ came to Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ and said: Alla&'s Messen.er/ by Alla&/ t&ere (as no &ouse&old u'on t&e surface of t&e eart& t&an your &ouse&old about (&ic& I c&eris&ed t&at it s&ould be dis.raced, :ut today t&ere is no &ouse&old on t&e surface of t&e eart& t&an your &ouse&old about (&ic& I c&eris& t&at it be &onoured 1&ereu'on Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ said, It (ill increase/ by ;im in ?&ose ;and is my life, 7&e t&en said: Messen.er of Alla&/ Abu 7ufyan is a ni..ardly 'erson= is t&ere any &arm for me if I s'end out of t&at (&ic& belon.s to &im on our c&ildren> ;e said to &er: @o/ but only t&at (&at is reasonable,

C"$0t # =: It %+ 1o#,%(( n to $+! 6$n. -' +t%on+ $n( 2$+t%n& o1 2 $*t"
Boo! 4185 N'6, # 7899:
Abu ;uraira re'orted Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ as sayin.: %erily Alla& likes t&ree t&in.s for you and ;e disa''ro*es t&ree t&in.s for you, ;e is 'leased (it& you t&at you (ors&i' ;im and associate nor anyt&in. (it& ;im/ t&at you &old fast t&e ro'e of Alla&/ and be not scattered= and ;e disa''ro*es for you irrele*ant talk/ 'ersistent 0uestionin. ane t&e (astin. of (ealt&,

Book 18 - " 11

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 18: THE BOOK PERTAINING

TO JUDICIAL

DECISIONS (KITAB AL-AQDIYYA)

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 789::
1&is &adit& &as been narrated on t&e aut&ority of 7u&ail (it& t&e same c&ain of transmitters/ but (it& a sli.&t *ariation of (ords,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 789;:
Mu.&ira b, 7&u'ba re'orted Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ as sayin.: %erity Alla&/ t&e Alorious and Ma2estic/ &as forbidden for you: disobedience to mot&ers/ and buryin. ali*e dau.&ters/ (it&&oldin. t&e ri.&t of ot&ers in s'ite of &a*in. t&e 'o(er to return t&at to t&em and demandin. t&at )(&ic& is not one's le.itimate ri.&t+, And ;e disa''ro*ed t&ree t&in.s for you= irrele*ant talk/ 'ersistent 0uestionin. and (astin. of (ealt&,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 7898:
A &adit& like t&is &as been trransmitted on t&e aut&ority of Mansur (it& a sli.&t *airiation of (ords,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 789<:
7&a'bi re'orted t&at t&e scribe of al-Mu.&ira b, 7&u'ba said: Mu'a(iya (rote to Mu.&ira: ?rite for me somet&in. (&ic& you &eard from Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ = and &e (rote: I &eard Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ as sayin., %erily Alla& disa''ro*es t&ree t&in.0 for you: irrele*ant talk/ (astin. of (ealt& and 'ersistent 0uestionin.,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78:4:
?arrad re'orted t&at al-Mu.&ira (rote to Mu'a(iya: Beace be u'on you/ and t&en comin. to t&e 'oirt )I s&ould say+ t&at I &eard Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ as sayin.: %erily Alla& &as Bro&ibited t&ree t&in.s and &as forbidden t&ree t&in.s, ;e &as declared absolutely &aram t&e disobedience of fat&er/ buryin. of dau.&ters ali*e/ and (it&&oldin. t&at (&ic& you &a*e 'o(er to return/ and &as forbidden t&ree t&in.s: irrele*ant talk/ 'ersistent 0uestionin./ and (astin. of (ealt&,

C"$0t # 7: T" # 2$#( o1 t" >'(& 2" n " t#% + to $##%3 $t $ ( )%+%on5 2" t" # t"$t ( )%+%on %+ )o## )t o# %n)o## )t
Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78:1:
'Amr b, al-'As re'orted t&at &e &eard Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ as sayin.: ?&en a 2ud.e .i*es a decision/ &a*in. tried &is best to decide correctly and is ri.&t/ t&ere are t(o re(ards for &im= and if &e .a*e a 2ud.ment after &a*in. tried &is best )to arri*e at a correct decision+ but erred/ t&ere is one re(ard for &im,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78:8:
1&is &adit& &as been narrated on t&e aut&ority of Abu ;uraira (it& anot&er c&ain of transmitters,

Book 18 - # 11

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 18: THE BOOK PERTAINING

TO JUDICIAL

DECISIONS (KITAB AL-AQDIYYA)

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78:=:
1&is &adit& &as been transmitted on t&e aut&ority of 8sama b, al-;ad al-#ait&i,

C"$0t # 9: It %+ not ( +%#$,* to &%3 >'(&6 nt %n $ 1%t o1 #$&
Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78:7:
Abd al-4abmin b, Abu :akra re'orted: My fat&er dictated )and I (rote for &im+ to 8baidulla& b, Abu :akra (&ile &e (as t&e 2ud.e of 7i2istan: Do not 2ud.e bet(een t(o 'ersons (&en you are an.ry/ for I &a*e &eard Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ as sayin.: @one of you s&ould 2ud.e bet(een t(o 'ersons (&en &e is an.ry,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78:9:
1&is &adit& &as been narrated on t&e aut&ority of 'Abd al-4a&man b, Abu :akra t&rou.& anot&er c&ain of transmitters,

C"$0t # :: R > )t%n& o1 t" 2#on& t"%n&+ $n( t" %nno3$t%on+ (%n # *%&%on)
Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78:::
'A'is&a re'orted Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ as sayin.: ;e (&o inno*ates t&in.s in our affairs for (&ic& t&ere is no *alid )reason+ )commits sin+ and t&ese are to be re2ected,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78:;:
7a'd b, Ibra&im re'orted: I asked Casim b, Mu&ammad about a 'erson (&o &ad t&ree d(ellin. &ouses and &e (illed a(ay t&e t&ird 'art of e*ery one of t&ese &ouses= &e )Casim b, Mu&ammad+ said: All of t&em could be combined in one &ouse= and t&en said: 'A'is&a informed me t&at Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ said: ;e (&o did any act for (&ic& t&ere is no sanction from our be&alf/ t&at is to be re2ected,

C"$0t # ;: An ?) ** nt 2%tn ++
Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78:8:
Daid b, E&alid al--u&ani re'orted Alla&'s A'ostle )may 'eace be u'on &im+ as sayin.: 7&ould I not tell you of t&e best (itnesses> ;e is t&e one (&o 'roduces &is e*idence before &e is asked for it,

Book 18 - $ 11

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 18: THE BOOK PERTAINING

TO JUDICIAL

DECISIONS (KITAB AL-AQDIYYA)

C"$0t # 8: T" (%11 # n) o1 t"o+ 2"o n( $3o'# to $##%3 $t t" )o## )t ( )%+%on
Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78:<:
Abu ;uraira re'orted Alla&'s A'ostle )may 'eace be u'on &im+ as sayin.: ?&ile t(o (omen &ad been .oin. alon. (it& t&eir t(o sons/ a (olf came and made a(ay (it& t&e c&ild of one of t&em, Fne of t&em said to &er com'anion: It is (it& your c&ild t&at it )t&e (olf+ &as run a(ay 1&e ot&er one said: It &as run a(ay (it& your c&ild, 1&ey brou.&t t&e matter to );adrat+ Da(ud )Da*id+ for decision and &e made a decision in fa*our of t&e elder one, 1&ey t&en (ent to 7ulaiman b, Da(ud )may t&ere be 'eace u'on bot& of t&em+ and told t&em )t&e story+, ;e said: :rin. me a knife so t&at I may cut &im )t&e c&ild+ )into t(o 'arts+ for you, 1&e youn.er one said: @o/ it can't be/ may Alla& &a*e mercy u'on you/ &e )t&e c&ild+ belon.s to &er )t&e elder+, 7o &e .a*e a decision in fa*our of t&e youn.er one, abu ;uraira said: If e*er I &eard of t&e (ord as-sikin at all/ it (as t&at day, ?e called it by no ot&er name but al-Mudya,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78;4:
1&is &adit& &as been narrated on t&e aut&ority of Abu aG-Dinad (it& t&e same c&ain of transmitters,

C"$0t # <: It %+ 6 #%to#%o'+ 1o# $ >'(& to ,#%n& $,o't )on)%*%$t%on , t2 n t2o )ont n(%n& 0 #+on+ o# 0$#t% +
Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78;1:
;ammim b, Munabbi& said: Abu ;uraira re'orted )so many+ a&adit& of Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+/ and one of t&em is t&is: A 'erson bou.&t from anot&er 'erson a 'iece of land/ and t&e 'erson (&o &ad/ bou.&t t&at land found in it an eart&en (are (&ic& contained .old, 1&e 'erson (&o &ad bou.&t t&e land said )to t&e seller of t&e land+: 1ake your .old from me/ for I bou.&t only t&e land from you and not t&e .old, 1&e man (&o &ad sold t&e land said: I sold t&e land to you and (&ate*er (as in it, 1&ey referred t&e matter to a 'erson, Fne (&o (as made as a 2ud.e said to t&em: ;a*e you any issue> Fne of t&em said: I &a*e a boy/ and t&e ot&er said: I &a*e a youn. dau.&ter ;e )t&e 2ud.e+ said: Marry t&is youn. boy (it& t&e .irl/ and s'end somet&in. on yoursel*es and also .i*e )some+ c&arity out of it,

C"$0t # 14: St#$. t"%n& 1o'n( ,. $n.on
Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78;8:
Daid b, E&alid al--u&ani re'orted: A man came to Alla&'s A'ostle )may 'eace be u'on &im+ and asked &im about 'ickin. u' of stray articles, ;e said: 4eco.nise )(ell+ its ba. and t&e stra' )by (&ic& it is tied+ t&en make announcement of t&at for a year, If its o(ner comes )(it&in t&is time return t&at to &im+/ ot&er(ise it is yours, ;e )a.ain+ said: )?&at about+ t&e lost .oat> 1&ereu'on &e )t&e ;oly
Book 18 - % 11

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 18: THE BOOK PERTAINING

TO JUDICIAL

DECISIONS (KITAB AL-AQDIYYA)

Bro'&et+ said: It is yours or for your brot&er/ or for t&e (olf, ;e said: )?&at about+ t&e lost camel> 1&ereu'on &e said: 9ou &a*e not&in. to do (it& it= it &as a leat&er ba. alon. (it& it/ and its s&oes also, It comes to t&e (aterin.-'lace/ eats )t&e lea*es of t&e+ trees until its master finds &im,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78;=:
Daid b, E&alid al--u&ani re'orted t&at a 'erson asked Alla&'s A'ostle )may 'eace be u'on &im+ about 'ickin. u' of stray articles/ (&ereu'on &e said: Make announcement about it for a year/ and reco.nise (ell t&e stra' and t&e ba. )containin. t&at+ = t&en s'end t&at= and if its o(ner comes/ make &im t&e 'ayment of t&at, ;e )t&e in0uirer+ said: Messen.er of Alla&/ (&at about t&e lost .oat> &e said: 1ake it/ for t&at is yours or for your brot&er/ or for t&e (olf, ;e )a.ain+ said: )?&at about+ t&e lost camel> 1&e Messen.er of Alla& )may 'eace be u'on &im+ (as enra.ed until &is c&eeks became red )or &is face became red+ and t&en said: 9ou &a*e not&in. to do about t&at= it &as feet and a leat&er ba. )to 0uenc& its t&irst+ until its o(ner finds it,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78;7:
1&is &adit& &as been narrated on t&e aut&ority of 4abi'a b, Abu Abd al-4a&man (it& t&e same c&ain of transmitters but (it& t&is addition:H 1&ere came a 'erson to Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ (&ile I (as (it& &im/ and &e asked &im about 'ickin. u' of a stray article/ and &e said: ?&en none comes to demand it/ t&en s'end t&at,H

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78;9:
Daid b, E&alid al--u&ani re'orted, 1&ere came to Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ a 'erson/ t&e rest of t&e &adit& is t&e same but (it& t&e *ariation )of t&ese (ords+: ;is face became red/ &is fore&ead too/ and &e felt annoyed= and made an addition after t&e (ords: ;e s&ould make announcement of t&at for a year/ and if its o(ner does not turn u'/ t&en it is a trust (it& you,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78;::
Daid b, E&alid al--u&ani/ t&e Com'anion ot Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+/ said t&at Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ (as asked about t&e 'ickin. u' of stray .old or sil*er/ (&ereu'on &e said: 4eco.nise (ell t&e stra' and t&e ba. )containin.+ t&at and t&en make an announcement re.ardin. t&at for one year/ but if none reco.nises it/ t&en s'end t&at and it (ould be a trust (it& you= and if someone comes one day to make demand of t&at/ t&en 'ay t&at to &im, ;e )t&e in0uirer+ asked about t&e lost camel/ (&ereu'on &e said: 9ou &a*e not&in. to do (it& t&at, #ea*e t&at alone/ for it &as feet and also a leat&er ba./ it drinks (ater/ and eats )t&e lea*es+ of t&e trees, ;e asked &im about s&ee'/ (&ereu'on &e said: 1ake it/ it is for you/ or for your brot&er/ or for t&e (olf,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78;;:
Daid b, E&alid al--u&ani re'orted: A 'erson asked Alla&'s A'ostle )may 'eace be u'on &im+ about a lost camel= 4abi'a made t&is addition: ;e )t&e ;oly Bro'&et+ (as so muc& annoyed t&at &is c&eeks became red,H 1&e rest of t&e &adit& is t&e same, ;e )t&e narrator+ made t&is addition:H If its )t&at of t&e article+ o(ner comes and &e reco.nises t&e ba. )(&ic& contained it+ and its number/ and t&e stra', t&en .i*e t&at to t&em/ but if not/ t&en it is for you,H

Book 18 - 8 11

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 18: THE BOOK PERTAINING

TO JUDICIAL

DECISIONS (KITAB AL-AQDIYYA)

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78;8:
Daid b, E&alid al--u&ani re'orted t&at Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ (as asked about 'ickin. u' of stray t&in.s/ (&ereu'on &e said: Make announcement of t&at for one year/ but if it is not reco.nised )by t&e o(ner+/ t&en reco.nise its bi. and stra'/ t&en eat it= and if its o(ner comes/ t&en .i*e t&at to &im, 1&is &adit& &as been narrated on t&e aut&ority of Al-Da&&ak b, 8t&man (it& t&e same c&ain of transmitters but (it& a sli.&t *ariation of (ords,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78;<:
7alama b, Eu&ail re'orted: I &eard 7o(aid b, A&afala say: I (ent out/ and also Daid b, 7u&an and 7alman b, 4abi'a for -ibad/ and I found a (&i' and took it u', 1&ey said to me: #ea*e it, I said: @o, but I (ill make announcement of it and if its o(ner comes )t&en I (ill return t&at+/ ot&er(ise I (ill use it/ and I refused t&em, ?&en (e returned from -i&ad, by a .ood fortune for me/ I 'erformed Bil.rima.e, I came to Medina and met 8bayy b, Ea'b/ and related to &im t&e affair of t&e (&i' and t&eir o'inion )t&e o'inion of Daid b, 7u&an and 7alman b, 4abi'a+ about it )i, e, I s&ould t&ro( it+, 1&ereu'on &e said: I found a money ba. durin. t&e lifetime of Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ (&ic& contained one &undred dinars, I came to &im alon. (it& it/ and &e said: Make an announcement of it for one year= so I announced it/ but did not find anyone (&o could )claim it after+ reco.nisin. it, I a.ain came to &im and &e said: Make announcement for one year, 7o I made announcement of it/ but I found none (&o could reco.nise it, I came to &im &e said: Make announcement of it for one year, I made announcement of t&at but did not find one (&o could reco.nise it/ (&ereu'on &e said: Breser*e )in your mind+ its number/ its ba. and its stra'/ and if its o(ner comes )t&en return t&at to &im+/ ot&er(ise make use of it, 7o I made use of t&at, I )7&u'ba+ met &im )7alama b, Eu&ail+ after t&is in Mecca/ and &e said: I do not kno( (&et&er &e said t&ree years or one year,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 7884:
7&u'ba re'orted: 7alama b, Eu&ail informed me or &e informed 'eo'le and I (as amon. t&em, ;e said: I &eard 7a(aid b, A&afala (&o re'orted: I (ent out alon. (it& Daid b, 7u&an and 7alman b, 4abi'a/ and found a (&i'/ t&e rest of t&e &adit& is t&e same u' to t&e (ords:H I made use of t&at,H 7&u'ba said: I &eard &im say after ten years/ t&at &e made an announcement of it for one year,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 7881:
1&is &adit& &as been narrated on t&e aut&ority of 7alama b, Eu&ail t&rou.& different c&ains of transmitters, In t&eir a&adit&/ it is t&ree years/ e5ce't in t&e &adit& of ;ammid b, 7alama it is t(o years or t&ree years, In t&e &adit& transmitted on t&e aut&ority of 7ufyan and Daid b, Abu 8naisa and ;ammid b, 7alama )t&e (ords are+:H If someone comes and informs you about t&e number )of articles+ of t&e ba. and t&e stra's/ t&en .i*e t&at to &im,H 7ufyan &as made t&is addition in t&e narration of ?aki':H Ft&er(ise it is like your 'ro'erty,H And in t&e narration of Ibn @umair t&e (ords are:H Ft&er(ise make use of t&at,H

Book 18 - & 11

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 18: THE BOOK PERTAINING

TO JUDICIAL

DECISIONS (KITAB AL-AQDIYYA)

C"$0t # 11: St#$. t"%n&+ o1 t" 0%*&#%6+
Boo! 4185 N'6, # 7888:
'Abd al-4a&man b, '8t&man al-1aimi re'orted t&at Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ forbade takin. into custody t&e stray t&in. of t&e 'il.rims,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 788=:
Daid b, E&alid al--u&ani re'orted Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ as sayin,: ;e (&o found a stray article is &imself led astray if &e does not ad*ertise it,

C"$0t # 18: It %+ 1o#,%(( n to 6%*! $n $n%6$* 2%t"o't t" 0 #6%++%on o1 %t+ o2n #
Boo! 4185 N'6, # 7887:
Ibn '8mar re'orted Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ &a*in. said t&is: @one )of you+ s&ould milk t&e animal of anot&er/ but (it& &is 'ermission, Does any one of you like t&at &is c&amber be raided/ and &is *aults be broken/ and &is foodstuff be remo*ed> %erily t&e treasures for t&em )t&ose (&o kee' animals+ are t&e udders of t&e animals (&ic& feed t&em, 7o none of you s&ould milk t&e animal of anot&er but (it& &is 'ermission,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 7889:
1&is &adit& &as been narrated t&rou.& anot&er c&ain of transmitters (it& a sli.&t *ariation of (ords,

C"$0t # 1=: Ent #t$%n6 nt o1 t" &' +t
Boo! 4185 N'6, # 788::
Abd 7&uraib al-Ada(i re'orted: My eare listened and my eye sa( (&en Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ s'oke and said: ;e (&o belie*es In Alla& and t&e eireafter s&ould s&o( res'ect to t&e .uest e*en (it& utmost kindness and courtesy, 1&ey said: Messen.er of Alla&/ (&at is t&is utmost kindness and courtesy> ;e re'lied: It is for a day and a ni.&t, ;os'itality e5tends for t&ree days/ and (&at is beyond t&at is a 7ada0a for &im= and &e (&o belie*es in Alla& and t&e ;ereafter s&ould say somet&in. .ood or kee' 0uiet,

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 788;:
Abu 7&uria& al-E&uGa'i re'orted Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ as sayin.: )1&e 'eriod of t&e entertainment of a .uest is t&ree days/ and utmost kindness and courtesy is for a day and a ni.&t, IH It is not 'ermissible for a Muslim to stay (it&/ &is brot&er until &e makes &im sinful, 1&ey said: Messen.er of Alla&/ &o( &e (ould make &im sinful> ;e )t&e ;oly Bro'&et+ said: ;e stays (it& &im )so lon.+ t&at not&in. is left (it& &im to entertain &im,
Book 18 - 1' 11

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 18: THE BOOK PERTAINING

TO JUDICIAL

DECISIONS (KITAB AL-AQDIYYA)

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 7888:
7a'id al-Ma0buri re'orted: I &eard Abu 7&urai& al-E&uGill sayin.: My ears &eard and my eyes sa( and my mind retained it/ (&en Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ s'ok t&is/ and &e t&en narrated t&e &adit& and made mention of t&is:H It is not 'ermissible for any one of you to stay (it& &is brot&er until &e makes &im sinful,H

Boo! 4185 N'6, # 788<:
'80ba b, Amir re'orted: ?e said to Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+: 9ou send us out and (e come to t&e 'eo'le (&o do not .i*e us &os'itality/ so (&at is your o'inion> 1&ereu'on Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ said: If you come to t&e 'eo'le (&o order for you (&at is befittin. a .uest/ acce't it= but if t&ey do not, take from t&em (&at befits t&em to .i*e to a .uest,

C"$0t # 17: It %+ 6 #%to#%o'+ to +0 n( t" +'#0*'+ 2 $*t" 1o# on @+ ,#ot" #
Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78<4:
Abu 7a'id al-E&udri re'orted: ?&ile (e (ere (it& t&e A'ostle of Alla& )may 'eace be u'on &im+ on a 2ourney/ a 'erson came u'on &is mount and be.an to stare on t&e ri.&t and on t&e left/ )it (as at t&is moment+ t&at Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ said: ;e (&o &as an e5tra mount s&ould .i*e t&at to one (&o &as no mount for &im/ and &e (&o &as sur'lus of 'ro*isions s&ould .i*e t&em to &im (&o &as no 'ro*isions/ and &e made mention of so many kinds of (ealt& until (e (ere of t&e o'inion t&at none of us &as any ri.&t o*er t&e sur'lus,

C"$0t # 19: In )$+ t" 0#o3%+%on+ #'n +"o#t5 t" + +"o'*( , 0oo* (
Boo! 4185 N'6, # 78<1:
Iyas b, 7alama re'orted on t&e aut&ority of &is fat&er: ?e set out on an e5'edition (it&/ Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+, ?e facts &ards&i' )in .ettin. 'ro*isions+ until (e decided to slau.&ter some of our ridin. animals, Alla&'s A'ostle )may 'eace be u'on &im+/ commanded us to 'ool our 'ro*isions of food, 7o (e s'read a s&eet of leat&er and t&e 'ro*isions of t&e 'eo'le (ere collected on it, I stretc&ed myself to measure &o( muc& t&at (as )t&e len.t& and/ breadt& of t&e s&eet on (&ic& t&e 'ro*isions (ere laid+, I measured it and )found+ t&at it (as )in len.t& and breadt&+ of )so muc& siGe+ on (&ic& a .oat could sit, ?e (ere fourteen &udnred 'ersons, ?e )all+ ate until (e (ere fully satisfied and t&en filled our ba.s (it& 'ro*isions, 1&en Alla&'s A'ostle )may 'eace be u'on &im+ said: Is t&ere any (ater for 'erformin. ablution, 1&en t&ere came a man (it& a small bucket containin. some (ater, ;e t&re( it in a basin, ?e all fourteen &undred 'ersons 'erformed ablution usin. t&e (ater in 'lenty, 1&en t&ere came after t&at ei.&t 'ersons and t&ey said: Is t&ere any (ater to 'erform ablution> 1&ereu'on Alla&'s Messen.er )may 'eace be u'on &im+ said: 1&e ablution &as already been 'erformed,

Book 18 - 11 11