SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK OF JIHAD AND EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD WA'LSIYAR)
Document Information: 1st edition Edited by: Mika'il al-Almany Created: 2009-10-02 1 :!1:"! #ast modified: 2009-11-0" 01:1$:20 %ersion: 09110"011$201$20-10

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

Co !" !
Boo# 19: T$" Boo# o% J&$'( ' ( E)*"(&!&o (K&!'+ A,-J&$'( -'',-S&.'/)000000000000000000000000001 Introduction &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&" C'a(ter 1: )e*ardin* (ermission to make a raid+ ,it'out an ultimatum+ u(on t'e disbelie-ers ,'o 'a-e already been in-ited to acce(t islam &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&9 C'a(ter 2: A((ointment of t'e leaders of e.(editions by t'e imam and 'is ad-ice to t'em on eti/uettes of ,ar and related matters &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&10 C'a(ter $: Command to s'o, leniency and to a-oid creatin* a-ersion 0to,ards reli*ion1 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&11 C'a(ter !: 2ro'ibition 0denunciation1 of breac' of fait' &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&12 C'a(ter ": 3ustification for t'e use of strata*em in ,ar &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&1$ C'a(ter 4: 5ne s'ould not desire an encounter ,it' t'e enemy+ but it is essential to s'o, (atience durin* t'e encounter &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&1! C'a(ter : Desirability of (rayin* for -ictory at t'e time of confrontation ,it' t'e enemy &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&1! C'a(ter 6: 2ro'ibition of killin* ,omen and c'ildren in ,ar &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&1" C'a(ter 9: 2ermissibility of killin* ,omen and c'ildren in t'e ni*'t raids+ (ro-ided it is not deliberate &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&1" C'a(ter 10: 3ustification for cuttin* do,n t'e trees and burnin* t'em &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&14 C'a(ter 11: 7'e s(oils of ,ar es(ecially made la,ful for t'is umma &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&1 C'a(ter 12: 8(oils of ,ar &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&1 C'a(ter 1$: )e*ardin* t'e ri*'t of t'e fi*'ter to t'e belon*in*s of t'e one killed by 'im in t'e fi*'t &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&19 C'a(ter 1!: Additional a,ard to t'e fi*'ters and re(atriation of t'e enemy (risoners as a ransom for t'e muslims &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&22 C'a(ter 1": 9ai' 0(ro(erty taken from t'e enemy ,it'out a formal ,ar1 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&2$ C'a(ter 14: 7'e sayin* of t'e (ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1: :;e 0(ro('ets1 do not 'a-e any 'eirs< ,'at ,e lea-e be'ind is 0to be *i-en in1 c'arity: &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&2" C'a(ter 1 : Distribution of t'e s(oils amon* t'e fi*'ters &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&26 C'a(ter 16: 7'e 'el( ,it' an*els in =adr and t'e (ermissibility of t'e s(oils of ,ar &&&26 C'a(ter 19: =indin* t'e (risoners and (uttin* t'em in confinment and >ustification for settin* t'em free ,it'out any ransom &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&$0 C'a(ter 20: E-acuation of t'e >e,s from t'e 'i>a? &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&$1 C'a(ter 21: 3ustification for killin* t'ose *uilty of breac' of trust and makin* t'e (eo(le of t'e fort surrender on t'e arbitration of a >ust (erson &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&$2 C'a(ter 22: 8'o,in* (rom(titude in >i'ad and *i-in* (recedence to t'e more ur*ent of t'e t,o actions ,'ile makin* a c'oice bet,een t'em &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&$! C'a(ter 2$: )eturn of t'eir *ifts to t'e Ansar by t'e Mu'a>irs ,'en t'e latter *re, ric' as a rebult of t'e con/uests &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&$! C'a(ter 2!: 3ustification for takin* food in t'e land of t'e enemy &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&$4 C'a(ter 2": 7'e 'oly (ro('et's 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 letter to @ira/l 0ceasar1 in-itin* 'im to islam &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&$4 C'a(ter 24: #etters of t'e 'oly (ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 to t'e kin*s of disbelie-ers in-itin* t'em to alla'+ t'e e.alted and *lorious &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&$9 C'a(ter 2 : 7'e battle of @unain &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&$9
Book 19 ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

C'a(ter 26: 7'e battle of 7a'if &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&!2 C'a(ter 29: 7'e battle of =adr &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&!2 C'a(ter $0: 7'e con/uest of Mecca &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&!$ C'a(ter $1: )emo-al of t'e idols from t'e -icinity of t'e Aa'ba &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&!" C'a(ter $2: Bo /urais'ite ,ill be killed bound 'and and foot after t'e con/uest of Mecca &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&!4 C'a(ter $$: 7'e treaty of @udaibiya &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&!4 C'a(ter $!: Aee(in* a co-enant &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&!9 C'a(ter $": 7'e battle of A'?ab or t'e battle of t'e ditc' &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&"0 C'a(ter $4: 7'e battle of C'ud &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&"1 C'a(ter $ : ;rat' of Alla' u(on a (erson ,'o is killed by t'e (ro('et 'imself 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&"2 C'a(ter $6: 7'e (ersecution of t'e 'oly (ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 at t'e 'ands of t'e infidels and 'y(ocrites &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&"$ C'a(ter $9: About tae 'oly (ro('et's 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 callin* for Alla''s 'el( and 'is (atience o-er t'e (ersecution of t'e 'y(ocrites &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&"4 C'a(ter !0: 7'e murder of Abu 3a'l &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&" C'a(ter !1: 7'e murder of Aa'b b& As'raf+ 0t'e e-il *enius1 of t'e >e,s &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&"6 C'a(ter !2: 7'e battle of A'aibar &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&"9 C'a(ter !$: 7'e battle of A'?ab or A'anda/ 0t'e tribes or t'e ditc'1 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&41 C'a(ter !!: D'u Darad and ot'er battles &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&4$ C'a(ter !": )e*ardin* t'e ,ord of *od+ t'e e.alted:: it is 'e ,'o restrained t'eir 'ands from you: to t'e end of t'e -erse &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&49 C'a(ter !4: 9i*'tin* of ,omen side by side ,it' men &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&49 C'a(ter ! : ;omen (artici(ants in >i'ad to be *i-en a (ri?e but not a re*ular s'are in t'e booty+ and (ro'ibition to kill c'ildren of t'e enemy &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& 0 C'a(ter !6: 7'e number of ,ars ,a*ed by t'e 'oly (ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& 2 C'a(ter !9: 7'e e.(edition called D'at-ur-)i/a' &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& ! C'a(ter "0: Disa((ro-al of seekin* 'el( from a disbelie-er on a military cam(ai*n & & & !

Book 19 - $ ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

I !/o(12!&o
7'e ,ord 3i'ad is deri-ed from t'e -erb >a'ada ,'ic' means:: 'e e.erted 'imself:& 7'us literally+ 3i'ad means e.ertion+ stri-in*< but in >uridico-reli*ious sense+ it si*nifies t'e e.ertion of one's (o,er to t'e utmost of one's ca(acity in t'e cause of Alla'& 7'is is ,'y t'e ,ord 3i'ad 'as been used as t'e antonym to t'e ,ord Du+ ud 0sittin*1 in t'e @oly Dur'an 0i-& 9"1& 7'us 3i'ad in Islam is not an act of -iolence directed indiscriminately a*ainst t'e non-Muslims< it is t'e name *i-en to an all-round stru**le ,'ic' a Muslim s'ould launc' a*ainst e-il in ,'ate-er form or s'a(e it a((ears& Dital fi sabililla' 0fi*'tin* in t'e ,ay of Alla'1 is only one as(ect of 3i'ad& E-en t'is /ital in Islam is not an act of mad brutality& It 'as its material and moral functions+ i& e& self-(reser-ation and t'e (reser-ation of t'e moral order in t'e ,orld& 7'e -erdict of all reli*ious and et'ical ('iloso('ies-ancient and modern->ustify ,ar on moral *rounds& ;'en one nation is assailted by t'e ambitions and cu(idity of anot'er+ t'e doctrine of non-resistance is anti-social+ as it in-ol-es non-assertion+ not only of one's o,n ri*'ts+ but of t'ose of ot'ers ,'o need (rotection a*ainst t'e forces of tyranny and o((ression& A Muslim is saddled ,it' t'e res(onsibilities to (rotect 'imself and all t'ose ,'o seek 'is (rotection& @e cannot afford to abandon t'e defenceless (eo(le+ old man+ ,omen and c'ildren to (ri-ation+ sufferin* and moral (eril& 9i*'tin* in Islam+ t'erefore+ re(resents in Islamic #a, ,'at is kno,n amon* ;estern >urists as: >ust ,ar:& 7'e -ery first re-elation in ,'ic' t'e (ermission to ,a*e ,ar a*ainst t'e forces of e-il sums u( t'e aims and ob>ects of /ital in Islam: : 2ermitted'are t'ose ,'o are fou*'t a*ainst+ because t'ey 'a-e been o((ressed& and -erily Eod is more 2o,erful for t'eir aid& 7'ose ,'o 'a-e been dri-en from t'eir 'omes un>ustly only because t'ey said: '5ur #ord is Alla'+ ' for 'ad it not been for 'Alla''s re(ellin* someone by means of ot'ers+ cloisters and c'urc'es and mos/ues+ ,'erein t'e name of Alla' is oft-mentioned+ ,ould assuredly 'a-e been (ulled do,n& %erily Alla' 'el(s one ,'o 'el(s @im& #oF Alla' is 8tron*& Almi*'ty: 0..ii& $9& !11& 7'ese -erses elo/uently s(eak of 't'e fact t'at it is neit'er for t'e ac/uisition of territory nor for t'e lo-e of (o,er and distinction t'at t'e Muslims 'a-e been (ermitted to raise arms a*ainst t'e enemy& 7'ey ,ere allo,ed to do so because t'eir -ery e.istence 'ad been made difficult by t'e 'i*''andedness of t'e Meccans& 7'e @oly Dur'an 'as elucidated t'is (oint in t'e follo,in* -erse: : And ,'at reason 'a-e you not to fi*'t in t'e ,ay of Alla' and for t'e o((ressed amon* men and ,omen and c'ildren ,'o say: 5ur #ordF take us fort' from t'e to,n ,'ereof t'e (eo(le are o((ressors and *rant us from 7'ee a friend and *rant us from 7'ee a 'el(er: 0i-& "1& 7'e ,ar in Islam is ,a*ed ,it' a -ie, to securin* liberty and freedom for t'ose ,'o are *roanin* under t'e o((ression of 'eartless tyrants& It is t'e bounden duty of t'e Muslims to alle-iate t'eir sufferin*s and create for t'em an atmos('ere of (eace and security& 7'en in t'e succeedin* -erse a distinction is also dra,n bet,een t,o ty(es of ,ar: one ,'ic' is fou*'t for t'e sake of Alla' and t'e ot'er ,'ic' is ,a*ed for e-il ends: : 7'ose ,'o belie-e fi*'t in t'e ,ay of Alla' and t'ose ,'o disbelie-e fi*'t in t'e ,ay of de-il& 8o fi*'t a*ainst t'e friends of 8atan< -erily ,eak indeed is t'e strate*y of t'e de-il: 0i-& 41& It 'as been made clear t'at t'ose (eo(le ,'o fi*'t for self-*lorification or for t'e e.(loitation of t'e ,eak are in fact friends of t'e de-il< ,'eres t'ose ,'o raise arms to curb tyranny and a**ression+ to eradicate e-il from t'e 'uman society+ fi*'t in t'e ,ay of Alla'& Mere fi*'tin* is not+ t'erefore+ 3i'ad in Islam< it is t'e noble ob>ecti-e alone ,'ic' makes it a sacred (ursuit like de-otion and (rayer& It is
Book 19 - % ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu Musa As''ari t'at once a man ,ent to t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and said: 5ne man fi*'ts for t'e sake of s(oils of ,ar+ t'e second one fi*'ts for fame and *lory and t'e t'ird to dis(lay 'is coura*e and skill< ,'ic' amon* t'em is t'e fi*'ter for t'e cause of Alla'G C(on t'is t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 re(lied: @e ,'o fi*'ts ,it' t'e sole ob>ecti-e t'at t'e ,ord of Alla' s'ould become su(reme is a Mu>a'id in t'e cause of t'e #ord& A Mu>a'id is t'us a noble (erson ,'o offers 'is life for t'e ac'ie-ement of lofty ends& @e is actuated by 'uman considerations lifts arms not under t'e im(ulse of fury and re-en*e+ but ,it' ,ill+ fore-t'ou*'t+ tenacity and fello,-feelin*+ and 'is conduct bears t'e im(rint of 'uman intellect+ 'uman sym(at'y and sense of >ustice& 7'e @oly Dur'an 'as e.(lained t'is (oint in 8ura Anfal in t'ese ,ords: : 5 you ,'o belie-e+ ,'en you meet an enemy+ be firm+ and remember Alla' muc'+ t'at you may be successful& And obey Alla' and @is A(ostle& And fall ,it' no dis(utes+ lest ye falter and your stren*t' fail< but be steadfastF 9or Alla' is ,it' t'ose ,'o (atiently (erse-ere& =e not as t'ose ,'o came fort' from t'eir d,ellin*s boastfully& And to be seen of men and debar 0men1 from t'e ,ay of Alla'& And Alla' encom(asses ,'at t'ey do: 0-iii& !"-!41& @ere t'e Muslims 'a-e been e.'orted to obser-e fi-e (rinci(les of ,ar: =e steadfast in t'e face of t'e enemy& @a-e full reliance on t'e 'el( of Alla' and remember @im muc'& @a-e t'e unity of (ur(ose and solidarity of cor(orate life al,ays before your eyes& =e fully a,are of t'e lofty (ur(ose before you in fi*'tin*& Don't be (roud and boastful in your attitude and be'a-iour& Islam 'as (urified e-en ,ar of all its cruelty and 'orrors and 'as made it a: reformati-e (rocess: to deal ,it' e-il& 7'e @oly Dur'an bser-es: : And fi*'t in t'e ,ay of Alla' a*ainst t'ose ,'o fi*'t a*ainst you and trans*ress not t'e limits& %erily Alla' lo-es not t'e trans*ressors: 0ii& 1901& 7'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'as *i-en clear instructions about t'e be'a-iour of t'e Muslim army& @e obser-ed: : 8et out for 3ibad in t'e name of Alla' and for t'e sake of Alla'& Do not lay 'ands on t'e old -er*in* on deat'+ on ,omen+ c'ildren and babes& Do not steal anyt'in* from t'e booty and collect to*et'er all t'at falls to your lot in t'e battlefield and do *ood+ for Alla' lo-es t'e -irtuous and t'e (ious&: 8o *reat is t'e res(ect for 'umanly feelin*s in Islam t'at e-en t'e ,anton destruction of enemy's cro(s or (ro(erty is strictly forbidden& 7'e ri*'teous Cali('s follo,ed closely t'e teac'in*s of Alla' and t'ose of @is A(ostle in letter and s(irit t'e celebrated address ,'ic' t'e first Cali(' Abu =akr 0Alla' be (leased ,it' 'im1 *a-e to 'is army ,'ile sendin* 'er on t'e e.(edition to t'e 8yrian borders is (ermeated ,it' t'e noble s(irit ,it' ,'ic' t'e ,ar in Islam is (ermitted& @e said: : 8to(+ 5 (eo(le+ t'at I may *i-e you ten rules for your *uidance in t'e battlefield& Do not commit treac'ery or de-iate from t'e ri*'t (at'& Hou must not mutilate dead bodies& Beit'er kill a c'ild+ nor a ,oman& nor an a*ed man& =rin* no 'arm to t'e trees+ nor burn t'em ,it' fire+ es(ecially t'ose ,'ic' are fruitful& 8lay not ary of t'e enemy's flock& sa-e for your food& Hou are likely to (ass by (eo(le ,'o 'a-e de-oted t'eir li-es to monast ic ser-ices< lea-e t'em alone: It is said t'at once at t'e time of con/uest+ a sin*in* *irl ,as brou*'t to al-Mu'a>ir b& Abu Cmayya ,'o 'ad been (ublicly sin*in* satirical (oems about @adrat Abu =akr& Mu'a>ir *ot 'er 'and
Book 19 - " ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

am(utated& ;'en t'e Cali(' 'eard t'is ne,s+ 'e ,as s'ocked and ,rote a letter to Mu'a>ir in t'e follo,in* ,ords: : I 'a-e learnt t'at you laid 'ands on a ,oman ,'o 'ad 'urled abuses on me+ and+ t'erefore+ *ot 'er 'and am(utated& Eod 'as not sou*'t -en*eance e-en in t'e case of (olyt'eism+ ,'ic' is a *reat crime& @e 'as not (ermitted mutilation e-en ,it' re*ard to manifest infidelity& 7ry to be considerate and sym(at'etic in your attitude to,ards ot'ers in future& Be-er mutilate+ because it is a *ra-e offence& Eod (urified Islam and t'e Muslims from ras'ness and e.cessi-e ,rat'& Hou are ,ell a,are of t'e fact t'at t'ose enemies fell into t'e 'ands of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,'o 'ad been recklessly abusin* 'im< ,'o 'ad turned 'im out of 'is 'ome< and ,'o fou*'t a*ainst 'im+ but 'e ne-er (ermitted t'eir mutilation&: Anot'er letter ,ritten by 'adrat 'Cmar t'e 8econd Cali('+ ,'ic' is addressed to sa'd b& Abu ;a//as+ s(eaks elo/uently of t'e noble s(irit ,it' ,'ic' t'e Muslims 'a-e bear e.'orted to take u( arms: : Al,ays searc' your minds and 'earts and stress u(on your men t'e need of (erfect inte*rity and sincerity in t'e cause of Alla'& 7'ere s'ould be no material end before t'em in layin* do,n t'eir li-es& but t'ey abould deem it a means ,'ereby t'ey can (lease t'eir #ord and entitle t'em& sel-es to @is fa-our: suc' a s(irit of selflessness s'ould be inculcated in t'e minds of t'ose ,'o unfortunately lack it& =e firm in t'e t'ick of t'e battle as Alla' 'el(s man accordin* to t'e (erse-erance t'at 'e s'o,s in t'e cause of @is fait' and 'e ,ould be re,arded in accordance ,it' t'e s(irit of sacrifice ,'ic' 'e dis(lays for t'e sake of t'e #ord& =e careful t'at t'ose ,'o 'a-e been entrusted to your care recei-e no 'arm at your 'ands and are ne-er de(ri-ed of any of t'eir le*itimate ri*'ts& 8uc' in fact is t'e 'umane and noble attitude ,'ic' Islam e.'orts its follo,ers to ado(t on t'e battlefield ,'ere (assions are *enerally let loose& It is an attitude t'e like of ,'ic' is not to be found in t'e 'istory of any ot'er nation& @as t'e ,orld any code of military et'ics more noble and com(assionate t'an t'isG: 7'e moral tone ado(ted by t'e Cali(' Abu =akr in 'is instructions to t'e 8yrian army ,as+: says a C'ristian 'istorian+: so unlike t'e (rinci(les of t'e )oman *o-ernment t'at it must 'a-e commanded (rofound attention from t'e sub>ect (eo(le-suc' a (roclamation announced to 3e,s and C'ristians sentiments of >ustice and (rinci(les of toleration ,'ic' neit'er )oman em(erors nor ort'odo. bis'o(s 'ad e-er ado(ted as t'e rule of conduct&: ;estern sc'olars 'a-e indul*ed in a *ood deal of mud-slin*in* on t'e /uestion of t'e use of t'e s,ord in Islam& =ut if one ,ere to reflect calmly on t'is (oint one ,ould be con-inced t'at t'e s,ord 'as not been used recklessly by t'e Muslims< it 'as been ,ielded (urely ,it' 'umane feelin*s in t'e ,ider interest of 'umanity& Ctmost re*ard ,as al,ays s'o,n to 'uman life+ 'onour and (ro(erty e-en on t'e battlefield& 7'at is ,'y in all t'e ei*'ty-t,o encounters bet,een t'e Muslims and t'e nonMuslims durin* t'e life of t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace 'e u(on 'im1+ only 1016 (ersons lost t'eir li-es on bot' sides& 5ut of t'is 2"9 ,ere Muslims+ ,'ereas t'e remainin* "9 belon*ed to t'e o((osite cam(& 5ne ,onders at t'e audacity of t'ese ,riters only ,'en one com(ares t'e reli*ious ,ars of C'arles t'e Ereat+ in ,'ic' !$00 (a*an 8a.ons ,ere killed in cold blood+ ,'en one recalls t'e: famous ans,er by ,'ic' t'e 2a(al #e*ate+ in t'e Albi*ensian ,ar+ /uieted t'e scru(les of a too conscientious *eneral+ 'Aill all+ Eod ,ill kno, @is o,n'&&&& ;'en ,e recall t'e 8(anis' In/uisition+ t'e con/uest of Me.ico and 2eru+ t'e massacre of 8t& =art'olome,+ and t'e sack of Ma*debur* by 7illy&: It is indeed stran*e t'at t'e criticism on t'e use of s,ord by Muslims emanates from t'ose ,'ose 'ands are soiled in t'e blood of countless innocent 'uman bein*s+ by t'ose ,'o e.ult in t'e tec'ni/ues of 'omicide+ ,'o 'a-e de(ersonalised ,arfare to suc' an e.tent t'at millions of innocent men and ,omen are (ut to deat' and numberless are t'ro,n into concentration cam(s and flo**ed ,it' steel rods and o.-'ide ,'i(s+ and all t'is is done ,it'out any /ualm of conscience& As 'uman bein*s& ,e 'an* our 'eads do,n in s'ame ,'en ,e t'ink of t'e 'orrifyin* atrocities ,'ic' 'a-e been (er(etrated by t'e modern ci-ilised men& It is estimated t'at& in t'e 9irst ;orld ;ar+ ten million soldiers ,ere
Book 19 - & ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

killed and an e/ual number of ci-ilians lost t'eir li-es+ and t,enty million died on account of ,ides(read e(idemics and famines t'rou*'out t'e ,orld as an aftermat' of t'is ,ar& Economic costs are estimated at I $$6+000+000+000 of ,'ic' I 164+000+000+000 ,ere direct costs& 7'e losses in t'e 8econd ;orld ;ar ,ere sta**erin*ly *reater as com(ared to t'ose in t'e first one& 7,enty-t,o million (ersons ,ere killed and t'irty-four million ,ere ,ounded& 7'e estimated cost of t'e ,ar ,as I 1+ $!6& 000+000+000 of ,'ic' I 1+ 14 +000+000+000 consisted of direct military costs& It is si*nificant t'at in t'e Aorean ;ar+ t'e first instance in ,'ic' an international or*anisation for establis'in* (eace utilised military force to su((ress a**ression+ more t'an one million (ersons ,ere killed ,'ic' added to t'e ci-ilian deat's in Aorea and totalled about fi-e millions&

C$'*!"/ 1: R"3'/(& 3 *"/4&55&o !o 4'#" ' /'&(6 -&!$o1! ' 1,!&4'!146 1*o !$" (&5+",&"7"/5 -$o $'7" ',/"'(. +"" & 7&!"( !o '22"*! &5,'4
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9:9::
Ibn 'Aun re(orted: I ,rote to Bafi' in/uirin* from 'im ,'et'er it ,as necessary to e.tend 0to t'e disbelie-ers1 an in-itation to acce(t 0Islam1 before m:& in* t'em in fi*'t& @e ,rote 0in re(ly1 to me t'at it ,as necessary in t'e early days of Islam& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 made a raid u(on =anu Mustali/ ,'ile t'ey ,ere una,are and t'eir cattle ,ere 'a-in* a drink at t'e ,ater& @e killed t'ose ,'o fou*'t and im(risoned ot'ers& 5n t'at -ery day+ 'e ca(tured 3u,airiya bint al-@arit'& Bafi' said t'at t'is tradition ,as related to 'im by Abdulla' b& Cmar ,'o 0'imself1 ,as amon* t'e raidin* troo(s&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9:9;:
7'is 'adit' 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ibn 'Aun and t'e name of 3u,airiya bint al-@arit' ,as mentioned beyond any doubt&

C$'*!"/ :: A**o& !4" ! o% !$" ,"'("/5 o% ")*"(&!&o 5 +. !$" &4'4 ' ( $&5 '(7&2" !o !$"4 o "!&<1"!!"5 o% -'/ ' ( /",'!"( 4'!!"/5
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9:99:
It 'as been re(orted from 8ulaiman b& =uraid t'rou*' 'is fat'er t'at ,'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 a((ointed anyone as leader of an army or detac'ment 'e ,ould es(ecially e.'ort 'im to fear Alla' and to be *ood to t'e Muslims ,'o ,ere ,it' 'im& @e ,ould say: 9i*'t in t'e name of Alla' and in t'e ,ay of Alla'& 9i*'t a*ainst t'ose ,'o disbelie-e in Alla'& Make a 'oly ,ar+ do not embe??le t'e s(oils< do not break your (led*e< and do not mutilate 0t'e dead1 bodies< do not kill t'e c'ildren& ;'en you meet your enemies ,'o are (olyt'eists+ in-ite t'em to t'ree courses of action& If t'ey res(ond to any one of t'ese+ you also acce(t it and ,it'old yourself from doin* t'em any 'arm& In-ite t'em to 0acce(t1 Islam< if t'ey res(ond to you+ acce(t it from t'em and desist from fi*'tin*
Book 19 - # ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

a*ainst t'em& 7'en in-ite t'em to mi*rate from t'eir lands to t'e land of Mu'airs and inform t'em t'at+ if t'ey do so+ t'ey s'all 'a-e all t'e (ri-ile*es and obli*ations of t'e Mu'a>irs& If t'ey refuse to mi*rate+ tell t'em t'at t'ey ,ill 'a-e t'e status of =edouin Muilims and ,ill be sub>ected to t'e Commands of Alla' like ot'er Muslims+ but t'ey ,ill not *et any s'are from t'e s(oils of ,ar or 9ai' e.ce(t ,'en t'ey actually fi*'t ,it' t'e Muslims 0a*ainst t'e disbelie-ers1& If t'ey refuse to acce(t Islam+ demand from t'em t'e 3i?ya& If t'ey a*ree to (ay+ acce(t it from t'em and 'old off your 'ands& If t'ey refuse to (ay t'e ta.+ seek Alla''s 'el( and fi*'t t'em& ;'en you lay sie*e to a fort and t'e besie*ed a((eal to you for (rotection in t'e name of Alla' and @is 2ro('et+ do not accord to t'em t'e *uarantee of Alla' and @is 2ro('et+ but accord to t'em your o,n *uarantee and t'e *uarantee of your com(anions for it is a lesser sin t'at t'e security *i-en by you or your com(anions be disre*arded t'an t'at t'e security *ranted in t'e name of Alla' and @is 2ro('et be -iolated ;'en you besie*e a fort and t'e besie*ed ,ant you to let t'em out in accordance ,it' Alla''s Command+ do not let t'em come out in accordance ,it' @is Command+ but do so at your 0o,n1 command+ for you do not kno, ,'et'er or not you ,ill be able to carry out Alla''s be'est ,it' re*ard to t'em&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9:9=:
8ulaiman b& =uraida re(otted on t'e aut'ority of 'is fat'er t'at ,'en Alla''s Messen*er 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 sent an Amir ,it' a detac'ment 'e called 'im and ad-ised 'im& 7'e rest of t'e 'adit' is t'e same&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9:9>:
7'is 'adit' 'as been transmitted on t'e aut'ority of 8'u'ba&

C$'*!"/ ;: Co44' ( !o 5$o- ," &" 2. ' ( !o '7o&( 2/"'!& 3 '7"/5&o (!o-'/(5 /",&3&o )
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9:9?:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu Masa t'at ,'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 de(uted any of 'is Com(anions on a mission+ 'e ,ould say: Ei-e tidin*s 0to t'e (eo(le1 < do not create 0in t'eir minds1 a-ersion 0to,ards reli*ion1 < s'o, t'em leniency and do not be 'ard u(on t'em&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9:9@:
It 'as also been narrated by 8a'd b& Abu =urda t'rou*' 'is fat'er t'rou*' 'is *randfat'er t'at t'e 2ro('et of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 sent 'im and Mu'ad' 0on a mission1 to t'e Hemen+ and said 0by ,ay of ad-isin* t'em1: 8'o, leniency 0to t'e (eo(le1 < don't be 'ard u(on t'em< *i-e t'em *lad tidin*s 0of Di-ine fa-ours in t'is ,orld and t'e @ereafter1 < and do not create a-ersion& ;ork in collaboration and don't be di-ided&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9:99:
7'is 'adit' 'as been transmitted on t'e aut'ority of =uraida but for t'e last t,o ,ords&

Book 19 - ' ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;88:
7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace 'e u(on 'im1 'as been re(orted by Anas b& Malik to 'a-e said: 8'o, leniency< do not be 'ard< *i-e solace and do not create a-ersion&

C$'*!"/ 9: P/o$&+&!&o ((" 1 2&'!&o ) o% +/"'2$ o% %'&!$
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;81:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ibn 'Cmar t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: ;'en Alla' ,ill *at'er to*et'er+ on t'e Day of 3ud*ment+ all t'e earlier and later *enerations of mankind+ a fla* ,ill be raised 0to mark off1 e-ery (erson *uilty of breac' of fait'+ and it ,ill be announced t'at t'is is t'e (erfidy of so and so+ son of so and so 0to attract t'e attention of (eo(le to 'is *uilt1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;8::
7'is 'adit' 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ibn Cmar t'rou*' some ot'er C'ains of transmitters&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;8;:
7'is 'adit' 'as been narrated by anot'er c'ain of transmitters on t'e aut'ority of t'e same narrator+ ,it' t'e ,ordin*: Alla' ,ill set u( a fla* for e-ery (erson *uilty of breac' of fait' on t'e Day of 3ud*ment+ and it ,ill be announced: #ook+ t'is is t'e (erfidy of so and so&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;89:
Ibn Cmar re(orted t'at 'e 'eard t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 sayin*: 7'ere ,ill be a fla* for e-ery (erfidious (erson on t'e Day of 3ud*ment&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;8=:
'Abdulla' re(orted Alla''s 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 as sayin*: 7'ere ,ill be a fla* for e-ery (erfidious (erson on t'e Day of 3ud*ment+ and it ,ould be said: @ere is t'e (erfidy of so and so&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;8>:
7'is 'adit' 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 8'u'ba ,it' a sli*'t -ariation of ,ordin*&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;8?:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abdulla' t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: 7'ere ,ill be for e-ery (erfidious (erson on t'e Day of 3ud*ment a fla* by ,'ic' 'e ,ill be reco*nised& It ,ill be announced: @ere is t'e breac' of fait' of so and so&

Book 19 - 9 ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;8@:
Anas re(orted Alla''s Messen*er 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'a-in* said t'is: 7'ere ,ould be a fla* for e-ery (erfidious (erson on t'e Day of 3ud*ment by ,'ic' 'e ,ill be reco*nised&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;89:
It is narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu 8a'id t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: 5n t'e Day of 3ud*ment t'ere ,ill be a fla* fi.ed be'ind t'e buttocks of e-ery (erson *uilty of t'e breac' of fait'&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;18:
It is narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu 8a'id t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: 5n t'e Day of 3ud*ment t'ere ,ill be a fla* for e-ery (erson *uilty of t'e breac' of fait'& It ,ill be raised in (ro(ortion to t'e e.tent of 'is *uilt< and t'ere is no *uilt of treac'ery more serious t'an t'e one committed by t'e ruler of men&

C$'*!"/ =: J15!&%&2'!&o %o/ !$" 15" o% 5!/'!'3"4 & -'/
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;11:
It is narrated on t'e aut'ority of 3abir t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: ;ar is a strata*em&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;1::
7'is 'adit' 'as also been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu @uraira&

C$'*!"/ >: O " 5$o1,( o! ("5&/" ' " 2o1 !"/ -&!$ !$" " "4.6 +1! &! &5 "55" !&', !o 5$o- *'!&" 2" (1/& 3 !$" " 2o1 !"/
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;1;:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu @uraira t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: Do not desire an encounter ,it' t'e enemy< but ,'en you encounter t'em+ be firm&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;19:
It is narrated by Abu Badr t'at 'e learnt from a letter sent by a man from t'e Aslam tribe+ ,'o ,as a Com(anion of t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and ,'ose name ,as 'Abdulla' b& Abu Aufa+ to 'Cmar b& 'Cbaidulla' ,'en t'e latter marc'ed u(on @aruriyya 0A'a,ari>1 informin* 'im t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 in one of t'ose days ,'en lie ,as confrontin* t'e
Book 19 - 1( ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

enemy ,aited until t'e sun 'ad declined& 7'en 'e stood u( 0to address t'e (eo(le1 and said: 5 ye men+ do not ,is' for an encounter ,it' t'e enemy& 2ray to Alla' to *rant you security< 0but1 ,'en you 0'a-e to1 encounter t'em e.ercise (atience+ and you s'ould kno, t'at 2aradise is under t'e s'ado,s of t'e s,ords& 7'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 stood u( 0a*ain1 and said: 5 Alla'& )e-ealer of t'e =ook+ Dis(erser of t'e clouds+ Defeater of t'e 'ordes+ (ut our enemy to rout and 'el( us a*ainst t'em&

C$'*!"/ ?: D"5&/'+&,&!. o% */'.& 3 %o/ 7&2!o/. '! !$" !&4" o% 2o %/o !'!&o -&!$ !$" " "4.
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;1=:
It is narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ibn Abu Aufa t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 cursed t'e tribes 0,'o 'ad marc'ed u(on Medina ,it' a combined force in " @1 and said: 5 Alla'+ )e-ealer of t'e =ook+ s,ift in 0takin*1 account+ (ut t'e tribes to rout& 5 #ord+ defeat t'em and s'ake t'em&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;1>:
7'is 'adit' 'as been transmitted on t'e aut'ority of Ibn Abu Aufa ,it' a sli*'t -ariation of ,ords&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;1?:
7'is 'adit' 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ibn 'Cyaina t'rou*' anot'er c'ain of transmitters 0,'o added t'e ,ords1: t'e Dis(erser of clouds: in 'is narration&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;1@:
It is narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said on t'e day of t'e =attle of Cbud: 5 Alla'+ if 7'ou ,ilt 0defeat Muslims1+ t'ere ,ill be none on t'e eart' to ,ors'i( 7'ee&

C$'*!"/ @: P/o$&+&!&o o% #&,,& 3 -o4" ' ( 2$&,(/" & -'/
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;19:
It is narrated on t'e aut'ority of 'Abdulla' t'at a ,oman ,as found killed in one of t'e battles fou*'t by t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& @e disa((ro-ed of t'e killin* of ,omen and c'ildren&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;:8:
It is narrated by Ibn 'Cmar t'at a ,oman ,as found killed in one of t'ese battles< so t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 forbade t'e killin* of ,omen and c'ildren&
Book 19 - 11 ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

C$'*!"/ 9: P"/4&55&+&,&!. o% #&,,& 3 -o4" ' ( 2$&,(/" & !$" &3$! /'&(56 */o7&("( &! &5 o! (",&+"/'!"
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;:1:
It is re(orted on t'e aut'ority of 8a'b b& 3at't'ama t'at t'e 2ro('et of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ ,'en asked about t'e ,omen and c'ildren of t'e (olyt'eists bein* killed durin* t'e ni*'t raid+ said: 7'ey are from t'em&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;:::
It is narrated by 8a'b b& 3at't'ama t'at 'e said 0to t'e @oly 2ro('et1: Messen*er of Alla'+ ,e kill t'e c'ildren of t'e (olyt'eists durin* t'e ni*'t raids& @e said: 7'ey are from t'em&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;:;:
8a'b b& 3at't'ama 'as narrated t'at t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 asked: ;'at about t'e c'ildren of (olyt'eists killed by t'e ca-alry durin* t'e ni*'t raidG @e said: 7'ey are from t'em&

C$'*!"/ 18: J15!&%&2'!&o %o/ 21!!& 3 (o- !$" !/""5 ' ( +1/ & 3 !$"4
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;:9:
It is narrated on t'e aut'ority of 'Abdulla' t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ordered t'e date-(alms of =anu Badir to be burnt and cut& 7'ese (alms ,ere at =u,aira& Dutaiba' and Ibn )um' in t'eir -ersions of t'e tradition 'a-e added: 8o Alla'+ t'e Elorious and E.alted+ re-ealed t'e -erse:: ;'ate-er trees you 'a-e cut do,n or left standin* on t'eir trunks+ it ,as ,it' t'e (ermission of Alla' so t'at @e may dis*race t'e e-il-doers: 0li.& "1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;:=:
It is narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ibn Cmar t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 caused t'e date-(alms of =anu Badir to be cut do,n and burnt& It is in t'is connection t'at @assan 0t'e (oet1 said: It ,as easy for t'e nobles of Durais' to barn =u,aira ,'ose s(arks ,ere flyin* in all directions& in t'e same connection ,as re-ealed t'e Dur'anic -erse:: ;'ate-er trees you 'a-e cut do,n or left standin* on t'eir trunks&:

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;:>:
'Abdulla' b& Cmar re(orted t'at Alla''s A(ostle 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 burnt t'e date-(alms of =anu Badir&
Book 19 - 1 ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

C$'*!"/ 11: T$" 5*o&,5 o% -'/ "5*"2&',,. 4'(" ,'-%1, %o/ !$&5 144'
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;:?:
It 'as been narrated by Abu @uraira t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: 5ne of t'e 2ro('ets made a 'oly ,ar& @e said to 'is follo,ers: 5ne ,'o 'as married a ,oman and ,ants to consummate to 'is marria*e but 'as not yet done so< anot'er ,'o 'as built a 'ouse but 'as not yet erected its roof< and anot'er ,'o 'as bou*'t *oats and (re*nants'e-camels and is ,aitin* for t'eir offs(rin*-,ill not accomm(any me& 8o 'e marc'ed on and a((roac'ed a -illa*e at or about t'e time of t'e Asr (rayers& @e said to t'e sun: 7'ou art subser-iant 0to Alla'1 and so am I& 5 Alla'+ sto( it for me a little& It ,as sto((ed for 'im until Alla' *ranted 'im -ictory& 7'e (eo(le *at'ered t'e s(oils of ,ar 0at one (lace1& A fire a((roac'ed t'e s(oils to de-our t'em+ but it did not de-our t'em& @e 0t'e @oly 2ro('et1 said: 8ome of you 'a-e been *uilty of misa((ro(riation& 8o one man from eac' tribe s'ould s,ear fealty to me& 7'e did so 0(uttin* t'eir 'ands into 'is1& 7'e 'and of one man stuck to 'is 'and and t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: Hour tribe is *uilty of misa((ro(riation& #et all t'e members of your tribe s,ear fealty to me one by one& 7'ey did so+ ,'en t'e 'ands of t,o or t'ree (ersons *ot stuck ,it' 'is 'and& @e said: Hou 'a-e misa((ro(riated& 8o t'ey took out *old e/ual in -olume to t'e 'ead of a co,& 7'ey-(laced it amon* t'e s(oils on t'e eart'& 7'en t'e fire a((roac'ed t'e s(oils and de-oured t'em& 7'e s(oils of ,ar ,ere not made la,ful for any (eo(le before us+ 7'is is because Alla' sa, our ,eakness and 'umility and made t'em la,ful for us&

C$'*!"/ 1:: S*o&,5 o% -'/
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;:@:
A 'adit' 'as been narrated by Mus'ab b& 8a'd ,'o 'eard it from 'is fat'er as sayin*: My fat'er took a s,ord from A'ums and brou*'t it to t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and said: Erant it to me& @e refused& At t'is Alla' re-ealed 0t'e Dur'anic -erse1:: 7'ey ask t'ee concernin* t'e s(oils of ,ar& 8ay: 7'e s(oils of ,ar are for Alla' and t'e A(ostle: 0-iii& 11&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;:9:
A 'adit' 'as been narrated by Mus'ab b& 8a'd ,'o 'eard it from 'is fat'er as sayin*:: 9our -erses of t'e Dur'an 'a-e been re-ealed about me& I found a s,ord 0amon* t'e s(oils of ,ar1& It ,as brou*'t to t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& @e 0my fat'er1 said: Messen*er of Alla'+ besto, it u(on me& 7'e A(ostle of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: 2lace it t'ere& 7'en 'e 0my fat'er1 stood u( and t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said to 'im: 2lace it from ,'ere you *ot it& 0At t'is1 'e 0my fat'er1 said a*ain: Messen*er of Alla'+ besto, it u(on me 8'all I be treated like one ,'o 'as no s'are in 0t'e booty1G 7'e A(ostle of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im said: 2lace it from ,'ere you *ot it& At t'is ,as re-ealed t'e -erse:: 7'ey ask t'ee about t'e s(oils of ,ar&&&& 8ay: 7'e s(oils of ,ar are for Alla' and t'e Messen*er:

Book 19 - 1$ ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;;8:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ibn Cmar t'at t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 sent an e.(edition to Ba>d and I ,as amon* t'e troo(s& 7'ey *ot a lar*e number of camels as a booty& Ele-en or t,el-e camels fell to t'e lot of e-ery fi*'ter and eac' of t'em also *ot one e.tra camel&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;;1:
Ibn 'Cmar re(orted t'at Alla''s Messen*er 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 sent an e.(edition to Ba>d and Ibn Cmar ,as also amon* t'e troo(s+ and t'eir s'are 0of t'e s(oils1 came to t,el-e camels and t'ey ,ere *i-en one camel o-er and abo-e t'at& and Alla''s Messen*er 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 did not make any c'an*e in it&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;;::
It 'as been narrated by Ibn 'Cmar t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 sent an e.(edition to Ba>d+ and I 0also1 ,ent ,it' t'e troo(s& ;e *ot camels and *oats as s(oils of ,ar+ and our s'are amounted to t,el-e camels (er 'ead+ and t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 *a-e an e.tra camel to eac' of us&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;;;:
7'is 'adit' 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 'Cbaidulla' ,it' t'e same c'ain of transmitters&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;;9:
Ibn Aun said: I ,rote to Bafi' askin* 'im about Bafl 0s(oils of ,ar1 and be ,rote to me t'at Ibn 'Cmar ,as amon* t'at e.(edition& 07'e rest of t'e 'adit' is t'e same&1

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;;=:
A 'adit' 'as been narrated by 8alim ,'o learnt it from 'is fat'er and said: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 *a-e us an e.tra 0camel1 besides our s'are of A'ums< 0and in t'is e.tra s'are1 I *ot a 8'arif 0and a 8'arif is a bi* old camel1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;;>:
Ibn 8'i'ab re(orted: It reac'ed me t'rou*' Ibn Cmar t'at Alla''s Messen*er 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 *a-e a s'are of s(oils to t'e troo(& 7'e rest of t'e 'adit' is t'e same&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;;?:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abdulla' b& 'Cmar t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 used to *i-e 0from t'e s(oils of ,ar1 to small troo(s seat on e.(editions somet'in* more t'an t'e due s'are of eac' fi*'ter in a lar*e force& And A'ums 0one-fift' of t'e total s(oils1 ,as to be reser-ed 0for Alla' and @is A(ostle1 in all cases&

Book 19 - 1% ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;;@:
Abu Muammad al-Ansari+ ,'o ,as t'e close com(anion of Abu Datada& narrated t'e 'adit' 0,'ic' follo,s1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;;9:
Abu Mu'ammad+ t'e freed sla-e of Abu Datada re(orted on t'e aut'ority of Abu Datda and narrated t'e 'adit'&

C$'*!"/ 1;: R"3'/(& 3 !$" /&3$! o% !$" %&3$!"/ !o !$" +",o 3& 35 o% !$" o " #&,,"( +. $&4 & !$" %&3$!
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;98:
Abu Datada re(orted: ;e accom(anied t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0my (eace be u(on 'im1 on an e.(edition in t'e year of t'e =attle of @unain& ;'en ,e encountered t'e enemy+ 0some of t'e Muslims turned back 0in fear1& I sa, t'at a man from t'e (olyt'eists o-er(o,ered one of t'e Muslims& I turned round and attacked 'im from be'ind *i-in* a blo, bet,een 'is neck and s'oulder& @e turned to,ards me and *ra((led ,it' me in suc' a ,ay t'at I be*an to see deat' starin* me in t'e face& 7'en deat' o-ertook 'im and left me alone& I >oined 'Cmar b& al-A'attab ,'o ,as sayin*: ;'at 'as 'a((ened to t'e (eo(le 0t'at t'ey are retreatin*1G I said: It is t'e Decree of Alla'& 7'en t'e (eo(le returned& 07'e battle ended in a -ictory for t'e Muslims1 and t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 sat do,n 0to distribute t'e s(oils of ,ar1& @e said: 5ne ,'o 'as killed an enemy and can brin* e-idence to (ro-e it ,ill *et 'is belon*in*s& 8o I stood u( and said: ;'o ,ill *i-e e-idence for meG 7'en I sat do,n& 7'en 'e 0t'e @oly 2ro('et1 said like t'is& I stood u( 0a*ain1 and said: ;'o ,ill bear ,itness for meG @e 0t'e @oly 2ro('et1 made t'e same obser-ation t'e t'ird time+ and I stood u( 0once a*ain1& Bo, t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: ;'at 'as 'a((ened to you+ 5 Abu DatadaG 7'en I related t'e 0,'ole1 story+ to 'im& At t'is+ one of t'e (eo(le said: @e 'as told t'e trut'& Messen*er of Alla' 1 7'e belon*in*s of t'e enemy killed by 'im are ,it' me& 2ersuade 'im to for*o 'is ri*'t 0in my fa-our1& 05b>ectin* to t'is (ro(osal1 Abu =akr said: =H Alla'+ t'is ,ill not 'a((en& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,ill not like to de(ri-e one of t'e lions from amon* t'e lions of Alla' ,'o fi*'t in t'e cause of Alla' and @is Messen*er and *i-e t'ee 'is s'are of t'e booty& 8o t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace 'e u(on 'im1 said: @e 0Abu =akr1 'as told t'e trut'+ and so *i-e t'e belon*in*s to 'im 0Abu Datada1& 8o 'e *a-e t'em to me& I sold t'e armour 0,'ic' ,as a (art of my s'are of t'e booty1 and bou*'t ,it' t'e sale (roceeds a *arden in t'e street of =anu 8alama& 7'is ,as t'e first (ro(erty I ac/uired after embracin* Islam& In a -ersion of t'e 'adit' narrated by #ait'+ t'e ,ords uttered by Abu =akr are:: Bo+ ne-erF @e ,ill not *i-e it to a fo. from t'e Durais' lea-in* aside a lion from t'e lions of Alla' amon*&&&&: And t'e 'adit' is closed ,it' t'e ,ords:: 7'e first (ro(erty I ac/uired&:

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;91:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 'Abd al-)a'man b& Auf ,'o said: ;'ile I ,as standin* in t'e battle array on t'e Day of =adr+ I looked to,ards my ri*'t and my left+ and found myself bet,een t,o boys from t'e Ansar /uite youn* in a*e& I ,is'ed I ,ere bet,een stron*er (ersons& 5ne of t'em made a si*n to me and& said: Cncle+ do you reco*nise Abu 3a'lG 1 said: Hes& ;'at do you ,ant to do ,it' 'im+ 5 my ne('e,G @e said: I 'a-e been told t'at 'e abuses t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace
Book 19 - 1" ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

be u(on 'im1& =y Alla'+ in ;'ose @and is my life+ if I see 'im 0I ,ill *ra((le ,it' 'im1 and ,ill not lea-e 'im until one of us ,'o is destined to die earlier is killed& 7'e narrator said: I ,ondered at t'is& 7'en t'e ot'er made a si*n to me and said similar ,ords& 8oon after I sa, Abu 3a'l& @e ,as mo-in* about amon* men& I said to t'e t,o boys: Don't you seeG @e is t'e man you ,ere in/uirin* about& 0As soon as t'ey 'eard t'is1+ t'ey das'ed to,ards 'im+ struck 'im ,it' t'eir s,ords until 'e ,as killed& 7'en t'ey returned to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and informed 'im 0to t'is effect1& @e asked: ;'ic' of you 'as killed 'imG Eac' one of t'em said: I 'a-e killed 'im& @e said: @a-e you ,i(ed your s,ordsG 7'ey said: Bo& @e e.amined t'eir s,ords and said: =ot' of you 'a-e killed 'im& @e t'en decided t'at t'e belon*in*s of Abu 3a'l 'e 'anded o-er to Mu'ad' b& Amr b& al3amu'& And t'e t,o boys ,ere Mu'ad' b& Amr b& 3a,t' and Mu'ad' b& Afra&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;9::
Auf b& Malik 'as narrated t'at a man from t'e @imyar tribe killed an enemy and ,anted to take t'e booty& A'alid b& ;alid+ ,'o ,as t'e commander o-er t'em+ forbade+ 'im& 'Auf b Malik 0t'e narrator1 came to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and informed 'im 0to t'is effect1& 7'e latter asked A'alid: ;'at (re-ented you from *i-in* t'e booty to 'imG A'alid said: I t'ou*'t it ,as too muc'& @e 0t'e @oly 2ro('et1 said: @and it o-er to 'im& Bo, ,'en A'alid by Auf+ t'e latter (ulled 'im by 'is cloak and said 0by ,ay of c'afin* 'im1: @asn't t'e same t'in* 'a((ened ,'at I re(orted to you from t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace 'e u(on 'im1G ;'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'eard it& 'e ,as an*ry 0and said1: A'alid+ don't *i-e 'im+ A'alid+ don't *i-e 'im& Are you *oin* to desert t'e commanders a((ointed by roeG Hour similitude and t'eirs is like a (erson ,'o took camels and s'ee( for *ra?in*& @e *ra?ed t'em and ,'en it ,as time for t'em to 'a-e a drink+ 'e brou*'t t'em to a (ool& 8o t'ey drank from it+ drinkin* a,ay its clear ,ater and lea-in* t'e turbid ,ater belo, 8o t'e clear ,ater 0i& e& t'e best re,ard1 is for you and t'e turbid ,ater 0i e& blame1 is for t'em&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;9;:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Auf b& Malik al-As'>a'i ,'o said: I >oined t'e e.(edition t'at marc'ed under Jaid b& @arit'a to Muta+ and I recei-ed reinformcement from t'e Hemen& 0After t'is introduction1+ t'e narrator narrated t'e tradition t'at 'ad *one before e.ce(t t'at in 'is -ersion Auf ,as re(orted to 'a-e said 0to A'alid1: A'alid+ didn't you kno, t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0,ay (eace be u(on 'im1 'ad decided In fa-our of *i-in* t'e booty 0si?ed from an enemy1 to one ,'o killed 'imG @e 0A'alid1 said: Hes& but I t'ou*'t it ,as too muc'&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;99:
It 'as been re(orted by 8alama b& al-Ak,a': ;e fou*'t t'e =attle of @a,a?in alon* ,it' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& 05ne day1 ,'en ,e ,ere 'a-in* our breakfast ,it' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace 'e u(on 'im1+ a man came ridin* a red camel& @e made it kneel do,n+ e.tracted a stri( of leat'er from its *irt' and tet'ered t'e camel ,it' it& 7'en 'e be*an to take food ,it' t'e (eo(le and look 0curiously around1& ;e ,ere in a (oor condition as some of us ,ere on foot 0bein* ,it'out any ridin* animals1& All of a sudden+ 'e left us 'urriedy+ came to 'is camel+ untet'ered it+ made it kneel do,n+ mounted it and ur*ed t'e beast ,'ic' ran off ,it' 'im& A man on a bro,n r'ecamel c'ased 'im 0takin* 'im for a s(y1& 8alama 0t'e narrator1 said: I follo,ed on foot& I ran on until I ,as near t'e t'i*' of t'e s'e-camel& I ad-anced furt'er until I ,as near t'e 'aunc'es of t'e camel& I ad-anced still furt'er until I cau*'t 'old of t'e nosestrin* of t'e camel& I made it kneel do,n& As soon as it (laced its knee on t'e *round+ I dre, my s,ord and struck at t'e 'ead+ of t'e rider ,'o fell do,n& I brou*'t t'e camel dri-in* it alon* ,it' t'e man's ba**a*e and ,ea(ons& 7'e Messen*er of Alla'
Book 19 - 1& ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

0may (eace be u(on 'im1 came for,ard to meet me and t'e (eo(le ,ere ,it' 'im& @e asked: ;'o 'as killed t'e manG 7'e (eo(le said: Ibn Ak,a'& @e said: E-eryt'in* of t'e man is for 'im 0Ibn Ak,a'1&

C$'*!"/ 19: A((&!&o ', '-'/( !o !$" %&3$!"/5 ' ( /"*'!/&'!&o o% !$" " "4. */&5o "/5 '5 ' /' 5o4 %o/ !$" 415,&45
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;9=:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 8alama 0b& al-Ak,a'1 ,'o said: ;e fou*'t a*ainst t'e 9a?ara and Abu =akr ,as t'e commander o-er us& @e 'ad been a((ointed by t'e Messen*er oi Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& ;'en ,e ,ere onl- at an 'our's distance from t'e ,ater of t'e enemy+ Abu =akr ordered us to attack& ;e made a 'alt durin* t'e last (art of t'e ni*'t tor rest and t'en ,e attacked from all sides and reac'ed t'eir ,aterin*-(lace ,'ere a battle ,as fou*'t& 8ome of t'e enemies ,ere killed and some ,ere taken (risoners& I sa, a *rou( of (ersons t'at consisted of ,omen and c'ildren& I ,as afraid lest t'ey s'ould reac' t'e mountain before me+ so I s'ot an arro, bet,een t'em and t'e mountain& ;'en t'ey sa, t'e arro,+ t'ey sto((ed& 8o I brou*'t t'em+ dri-in* t'em alon*& Amon* t'em ,as a ,oman from =anu 9a?ara& 8'e ,as ,earin* a leat'er coat& ;it' 'er ,as 'er dau*'ter ,'o ,as one of t'e (rettiest *irls in Arabia& I dro-e t'em alon* until I brou*'t t'em to Abu =akr ,'o besto,ed t'at *irl u(on me as a (ri?e& 8o ,e arri-ed in Medina& I 'ad not yet disrobed 'er ,'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 met me in t'e street and said: Ei-e me t'at *irl+ 5 8alama& I said: Messen*er of Alla'+ s'e 'as fascinated me& I 'ad not yet disrobed 'er& ;'en on t'e ne.t day& t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 a*<tin met me in t'e street+ 'e said: 5 8alama+ *i-e me t'at *irl+ may Eod bless your fat'er& I said: 8'e is for you& Messen*er of Alla'F =y Alla'& I 'a-e not yet disrobed 'er& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 sent 'er to t'e (eo(le of Mecca+ and surrendered 'er as ransom for a number of Muslims ,'o 'ad been ke(t as (risoners at Mecca&

C$'*!"/ 1=: F'&' (*/o*"/!. !'#" %/o4 !$" " "4. -&!$o1! ' %o/4', -'/)
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;9>:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu @uraira t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: If you come to a to,ns'i( 0,'ic' 'as surrendered ,it'out a formal ,ar1 and stay t'erein+ you 'a-e a s'are 0t'at ,ill be in t'e form of an a,ard1 in 0t'e (ro(erties obtained from1 it& If a to,ns'i( disobeys Alla' and @is Messen*er 0and actually fi*'ts a*ainst t'e Muslims1 one-fift' of t'e booty sei?ed t'erefrom is for Alla' and @is A(ostle and t'e rest is for you&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;9?:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Cmar+ ,'o said: 7'e (ro(erties abandoned by =anu Badir ,ere t'e ones ,'ic' Alla' besto,ed u(on @is A(ostle for ,'ic' no e.(edition ,as undertaken eit'er ,it' ca-alry or camelry& 7'ese (ro(erties ,ere (articularly meant for t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be

Book 19 - 1# ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

u(on 'im1& @e ,ould meet t'e annual e.(enditure of 'is family from t'e income t'ereof+ and ,ould s(end ,'at remained for (urc'asin* 'orses and ,ea(ons as (re(aration for 3i'ad&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;9@:
7'is 'adit' 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ju'ri&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;99:
It is re(orted by Ju'ri t'at t'is tradition ,as narrated to 'im by Malik b& Aus ,'o said: Cmar b& alA'attab sent for me and I came to 'im ,'en t'e day 'ad ad-anced& I found 'im in 'is 'ouse sittin* on 'is bare bed-stead+ reclinin* on a leat'er (illo,& @e said 0to me1: Malik+ some (eo(le of your tribe 'a-e 'astened to me 0,it' a re/uest for 'el(1& I 'a-e ordered a little money for t'em& 7ake it and distribute it amon* t'em& I said: I ,is' you 'ad ordered somebody else to do t'is >ob& @e said: Malik+ take it 0and do ,'at you 'a-e been told1& At t'is moment 0'is man-ser-ant1 Harfa' came in and said: Commander of t'e 9ait'ful+ ,'at do you say about Ct'man+ Abd al-)abman b& 'Auf+ Jubair and 8a'd 0,'o 'a-e come to seek an audience ,it' you1G @e said: Hes+ and (ermitted t'em& so t'ey entered& 7'en 'e 0Harfa'1 came a*ain and said: ;'at do you say about 'Ali and Abbas 0,'o are (resent at t'e door1G @e said: Hes+ and (ermitted t'em to enter& Abbas said: Commander of t'e 9ait'ful+ decide 0t'e dis(ute1 bet,een me and t'is sinful+ treac'erous+ dis'onest liar& 7'e (eo(le 0,'o ,ere (resent1 also said: Hes& Commander of t'e 9ait'ful+ do decide 0t'e dis(ute1 and 'a-e mercy on t'em& Malik b& Aus said: I could ,ell ima*ine t'at t'ey 'ad sent t'em in ad-ance for t'is (ur(ose 0by 'Ali and Abbas1& 'Cmar said: ;ait and be (atient& I ad>ure you by Alla' by ;'ose order t'e 'ea-ens and t'e eart' are sustained+ don't you kno, t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said:: ;e 0(ro('ets1 do not 'a-e any 'eirs< ,'at ,e lea-e be'ind is 0to be *i-en in1 c'arity:G 7'ey said: Hes& 7'en 'e turned to Abbas and 'Ali and said: I ad>ure you bot' by Alla' by ;'ose order t'e 'ea-ens and eart' are sustained+ don't you kno, t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said:: ;e do not 'a-e any 'eirs< ,'at ,e lea-e be'ind is 0to be *i-en in1 c'arity:G 7'ey 0too1 said: Hes& 07'en1 Cmar said: Alla'+ t'e Elorious and E.alted+ 'ad done to @is Messen*er 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 a s(ecial fa-our t'at @e 'as not done to anyone else e.ce(t 'im& @e /uoted t'e Dur'anic -erse:: ;'at Alla' 'as besto,ed u(on @is A(ostle from 0t'e (ro(erties1 of t'e (eo(le of to,ns'i( is for Alla' and @is Messen*er:& 7'e narrator said: I do not kno, ,'et'er 'e also recited t'e (re-ious -erse or not& Cmar continued: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 distrbuted amon* you t'e (ro(erties abandoned by =anu Badir& =y Alla'+ 'e ne-er (referred 'imself o-er you and ne-er a((ro(riated anyt'in* to your e.clusion& 0After a fair distribution in t'is ,ay1 t'is (ro(erty ,as left o-er& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,ould meet from its income 'is annual e.(enditure+ and ,'at remained ,ould be de(osited in t'e =ait-ul-Mal& 0Continuin* furt'er1 'e said: I ad>ure you by Alla' by ;'ose order t'e 'ea-ens and t'e eart' are sustained& Do you kno, t'isG 7'ey said: Hes& 7'en 'e ad>ured Abbas and 'All as 'e 'ad ad>ured t'e ot'er (ersons and asked: Do you bot' kno, t'isG 7'ey said: Hes& @e said: ;'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 (assed a,ay+ Abu =akr said:: I am t'e successor of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1&: =ot' of you came to demand your s'ares from t'e (ro(erty 0left be'ind by t'e Messen*er of Alla'1& 0)eferrin* to @adrat 'Abbas1+ 'e said: Hou demanded your s'are from t'e (ro(erty of your ne('e,+ and 'e 0referrin* to 'Ali1 demanded a s'are on be'alf of 'is ,ife from t'e (ro(erty of 'er fat'er& Abu =akr 0Alla' be (leased ,it' 'im1 said: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'ad said:: ;e do not 'a-e any 'eirs< ,'at ,e lea-e be'ind is 0to be *i-en in1 c'arity&: 8o bot' of you t'ou*'t 'im to be a liar+ sinful+ treac'erous and dis'onest& And Alla' kno,s t'at 'e ,as true+ -irtuous+ ,ell*uided and a follo,er of trut'& ;'en Abu =akr (assed a,ay and 0I 'a-e become1 t'e successor of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and Abu =akr 0Alla' be (leased ,it' 'im1+ you t'ou*'t me to be a liar+ sinful+ treac'erous and dis'onest& And Alla' kno,s t'at I am true+ -irtuous+ ,ellBook 19 - 1' ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

*uided and a follo,er of trut'& I became t'e *uardian of t'is (ro(erty& 7'en you as ,ell as 'e came to me& =ot' of you 'a-e come and your (ur(ose is identical& Hou said: Entrust t'e (ro(erty to us& I said: If you ,is' t'at I s'ould entrust it to you+ it ,ill be on t'e condition t'at bot' of you ,ill undertake to abide by a (led*e made ,it' Alla' t'at you ,ill use it in t'e same ,ay as t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 used it& 8o bot' of you *ot it& @e said: ;asn't it like t'isG 7'ey said: Hes& @e said: 7'en you 'a-e 0a*ain1 come to me ,it' t'e re/uest t'at I s'ould ad>ud*e bet,een you& Bo+ by Alla'& I ,ill not *i-e any ot'er >ud*ment e.ce(t t'is until t'e arri-al of t'e Doomsday& If you are unable to 'old t'e (ro(erty on t'is condition+ return it to me&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;=8:
7'e same 'adit' 'as been narrated by a different c'ain of transmitters ,it' a sli*'t -ariation in ,ordin*: 'Cmar b& al-A'attab sent for me and said: 8ome families from your tribe 'a-e come to me 0t'en follo,s t'e fore*oin* 'adit'1 by Malik ,it' t'e difference t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,ould s(end on 'is family for a year& And sometimes Ma'mar said: @e ,ould retain sustenance for 'is family for a year+ and ,'at ,as left of t'at 'e s(ent in t'e cause of Alla'+ t'e Ma>estic and E.alted&

C$'*!"/ 1>: T$" 5'.& 3 o% !$" */o*$"! (4'. *"'2" +" 1*o $&4): AW" (*/o*$"!5) (o o! $'7" ' . $"&/5B -$'! -" ,"'7" +"$& ( &5 (!o +" 3&7" & ) 2$'/&!.A
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;=1:
It is narrated on t'e aut'ority of 'A'is'a ,'o said: ;'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 (assed a,ay+ 'is ,i-es made u( t'eir minds to send 'Ct'man b& 'Affan 0as t'eir s(okesman1 to Abu =akr to demand from 'im t'eir s'are from t'e le*acy of t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& 0At t'is1+ A'is'a said to t'em: @asn't t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said:: ;e 02ro('ets1 do not 'a-e any 'eirs< ,'at ,e lea-e be'ind is 0to be *i-en in1 c'arity:G

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;=::
It is narrated on t'e aut'ority of Cr,a b& Jubair ,'o narrated from A'is'a t'at s'e informed 'im t'at 9atima+ dau*'ter of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ sent someone to Abu =akr to demand from 'im 'er s'are of t'e le*acy left by t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 from ,'at Alla' 'ad besto,ed u(on 'im at Medina and 9adak and ,'at ,as left from one-filt' of t'e income 0annually recei-ed1 from A'aibar& Abu =akr said: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said:: ;e 0(ro('ets1 do not 'a-e any 'eirs< ,'at ,e lea-e be'ind is 0to be *i-en in1 c'arity&: 7'e 'ouse'old of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,ill li-e on t'e income from t'ese (ro(erties+ but+ by Alla'+ I ,ill not c'an*e t'e c'arity of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 from t'e condition in ,'ic' it ,as in 'is o,n time& I ,ill do t'e same ,it' it as t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(un 'im1 'imself used to do& 8o Abu =akr refused to 'and o-er anyt'in* from it to 9atima ,'o *ot an*ry ,it' Abu =akr for t'is reason& 8'e forsook 'im and did not talk to 'im until t'e end of 'er life& 8'e li-ed for si. mont's after t'e deat' of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& ;'en s'e died+ 'er 'usband& 'Ali b& Abu 7alib+ buried 'er at ni*'t& @e did not inform Abu
Book 19 - 19 ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

=akr about 'er deat' and offered t'e funeral (rayer o-er 'er 'imself& Durin* t'e lifetime of 9atima+ 'All recei-ed 0s(ecial1 re*ard from t'e (eo(le& After s'e 'ad died+ 'e felt estran*ement in t'e faces of t'e (eo(le to,ards 'im& 8o 'e sou*'t to make (eace ,it' Abu =akr and offer 'is alle*iance to 'im& @e 'ad not yet o,ed alle*iance to 'im as Cali(' durin* t'ese mont's& @e sent a (erson to Abu =akr re/uestin* 'im to -isit 'im unaccom(anied by anyone 0disa((ro-in* t'e (resence of Cmar1& 'Cmar said to Abu =akr: =H Alla'+ you ,ill not -isit t'em alone& Abu =akr said: ;'at ,ill t'ey do to meG =y Alla'+ I ,ill -isit t'em& And 'e did (ay t'em a -isit alone& 'All recited 7as'a''ud 0as it is done in t'e be*innin* of a reli*ious sermon1 < t'en said: ;e reco*nise your moral e.cellence and ,'at Alla' 'as besto,ed u(on you& ;e do not en-y t'e fa-our 0i& e& t'e Cati('ate1 ,'ic' Alla' nas conferred u(on you< but you 'a-e done it 0assumed t'e (osition of Cali('1 alone 0,it'out consultin* us1+ and ,e t'ou*'t ,e 'ad a ri*'t 0to be consulted1 on account of our kins'i( ,it' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& @e continued to talk to Abu =akr 0in t'is -ein1 until t'e latter's eyes ,elled u( ,it' tears& 7'en Abd =akr s(oke and said: =y Alla'+ in ;'ose @and is my life+ t'e kins'i( of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 is dearer to me t'an t'e kins'i( of my o,n (eo(le& As re*ards t'e dis(ute t'at 'as arisen bet,een you and me about t'ese (ro(erties+ I 'a-e not de-iated from t'e ri*'t course and I 'a-e not *i-en u( doin* about t'em ,'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 used to do& 8o 'Ali said to Abu =akr: 7'is aftetnoon is 0fi.ed1 for 0s,earin*1 alle*iance 0to you1& 8o ,'en Abu =akr 'ad finis'ed 'is Ju'r (rayer+ 'e ascended t'e (ul(it and recited 7as'a''ud+ and described t'e status of 'Ali+ 'is delay in s,earin* alle*iance and t'e e.cuse ,'ic' lie 'ad offered to 'im 0for t'is delay1& 0After t'is1 'e asked for Eod's for*i-eness& 7'en 'Ali b& Abu 7alib recited t'e 7as'a''ud& e.tolled t'e merits of Abu =akr and 0said t'at1 'is action ,as nott (rom(ted by any >ealousy of Abu =akr on 'is (art or 'is refusal to acce(t t'e 'i*' (osition ,'ic' Alla' 'ad conferred u(on 'im+ 0addin*: 1 =ut ,e ,ere of t'e o(inion t'at ,e s'ould 'a-e a s'are in t'e *o-ernment+ but t'e matter 'ad been decided ,it'out takin* us into confidence+ and t'is dis(leased us& 0@ence t'e delay in offerin* alle*iance& 7'e Muslims ,ere (leased ,it' t'is 0e.(lanation1 and t'ey said: Hou 'a-e done t'e ri*'t t'in*& 7'e Muslims ,ere 0a*ain1 fa-ourably inclined to 'Ali since 'e ado(ted t'e (ro(er course of action&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;=;:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 'A'is'a t'at 9atima and 'Abbas a((roac'ed Abu =akr+ solicitin* transfer of t'e le*acy of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 to t'em& At t'at time+ t'ey ,ere demandin* 'is 0@oly 2ro('et's1 lands at 9adak and 'is s'are from A'aibar& Abu =akr said to t'em: I 'a-e 'eard from t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& 7'en 'e /uoted t'e 'adit' 'a-in* nearly t'e same meanin* as t'e one ,'ic' 'as been narrated by C/ail on t'e aut'ority of al-Ju'ri 0and ,'ic' 'is *one before1 e.ce(t t'at in 'is -ersion 'e said: 7'en 'Ali stood u(+ e.tolled t'e merits of Abu =akr mentioned 'is su(eriority+ and 'is earlier acce(tance of Islam& 7'en 'e ,alked to Abu =akr and s,ore alle*iance to 'im& 0At t'is1 (eo(le turned to,ards 'Ali and said: you 'a-e done t'e ri*'t t'in*& And t'ey became fa-ourably inclined to 'Ali after 'e 'ad ado(ted t'e (ro(er course of action&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;=9:
It 'as been narrated by 'Cr,a b Jubair on t'e aut'ority of 'A'is'a+ ,ife of t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ t'at 9atima+ dau*'ter of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ re/uested Abu =akr+ after t'e deat' of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace 'e u(on 'im1+ t'at 'e s'ould set a(art 'er s'are from ,'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'ad left from t'e (ro(erties t'at Eod 'ad besto,ed u(on 'im& Abu =akr said to 'er: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be n(on 'im1 said:: ;e do not 'a-e any 'eirs< ,'at ,e lea-e be'ind is 8ada/a 0c'arity1&: 7'e narrator said: 8'e 09atima1 li-ed si. mont's after t'e deat' of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be
Book 19 - ( ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

u(on 'im1 and s'e used to demand from Abu =akr 'er s'are from t'e le*acy of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 from A'aibar+ 9adak and 'is c'aritable endo,ments at Medina& Abu =akr refused to *i-e 'er t'is+ and said: I am not *oin* to *i-e u( doin* anyt'in* ,'ic' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 used to do& I am afraid t'at it I *o a*ainst 'is instructions in any matter I s'all de-iate from t'e ri*'t course& 8o far as t'e c'aritable endo,ments at Medina ,ere concerned+ 'Cmar 'anded t'em o-er to 'All and Abbas+ but 'Ali *ot t'e better of 'im 0and ke(t t'e (ro(erty under 'is e.clusi-e (ossession1& And as far as A'aibar and 9adak ,ere concerned 'Cmar ke(t t'em ,it' 'im+ and said: 7'ese are t'e endo,ments of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 0to t'e Cmma1& 7'eir income ,as s(ent on t'e disc'ar*e of t'e res(onsibilities t'at de-ol-ed u(on 'im on t'e emer*encies 'e 'ad to meet& And t'eir mana*ement ,as to be in t'e 'ands of one ,'o mana*ed t'e affairs 0of t'e Islamic 8tate1& 7'e narrator said: 7'ey 'a-e been mana*ed as suc' u( to t'is day&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;==:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu @uraira t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: My 'eirs cannot s'are e-en a dinar 0from my le*acy1 < ,'at I lea-e be'ind after (a-in* mtintenance allo,ance to my ,i-es and remuneration to my mana*er is 0to *o in1 c'arity&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;=>:
A similar 'adit' 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu Jinad t'rou*' a different c'ain of transmitters&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;=?:
It 'is been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu @uraira t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said:: ;e do not 'a-e any 'eirs< ,'at ,e lea-e be'ind is a c'aritable endo,ment&:

C$'*!"/ 1?: D&5!/&+1!&o o% !$" 5*o&,5 '4o 3 !$" %&3$!"/5
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;=@:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ibn Cmar t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 allo,ed t,o s'ares from t'e s(oils to t'e 'orseman and one s'are to t'e footman&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;=9:
7'e same tradition 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Cbaidulla' by a different c'ain of transmitters ,'o do not mention t'e ,ords:: from t'e booty:&

Book 19 - 1 ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

C$'*!"/ 1@: T$" $",* -&!$ ' 3",5 & B'(/ ' ( !$" *"/4&55&+&,&!. o% !$" 5*o&,5 o% -'/
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;>8:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 'Cmar b& al-A'attab ,'o said: ;'en it ,as t'e day on ,'ic' t'e =attle of =adr ,as fou*'t+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 cast a *lance at t'e infidels+ and t'ey ,ere one t'ousand ,'ile 'is o,n Com(anions ,ere t'ree 'undred and nineteen& 7'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 turned 0'is face1 to,ards t'e Dibla 7'en 'e stretc'ed 'is 'ands and be*an 'is su((lication to 'is #ord:: 5 Alla'+ accom(lis' for me ,'at 7'ou 'ast (romised to me& 5 Alla'+ brin* about ,'at 7'ou 'ast (romised to me& 5 Alla'+ if t'is small band of Muslims is destroyed& 7'ou ,ill not be ,ors'i((ed on t'is eart'&: @e continued 'is su((lication to 'is #ord+ stretc'in* 'is 'ands+ facin* t'e Dibla+ until 'is mantle sli((ed do,n from 'is s'oulders& 8o Abu =akr came to 'im+ (icked u( 'is mantle and (ut it on 'is s'oulders& 7'en 'e embraced 'im from be'ind and said:& 2ro('et of Alla'+ t'is (rayer of yours to your #ord ,ill suffice you+ and @e ,ill fulfil for you ,'at @e 'as (romised you& 8o Alla'+ t'e Elorious and E.alted+ re-ealed 0t'e Dur'anic -erse1:: ;'en ye a((ealed to your #ord for 'el(+ @e res(onded to your call 0sayin*1: I ,ill 'el( you ,it' one t'ousand an*els comin* in succession&: 8o Alla' 'el(ed 'im ,it' an*els& Abu Jumail said t'at t'e badit' ,as narrated to 'im by Ibn 'Abbas ,'o said: ;'ile on t'at day a Muslim ,as c'asin* a disbelie-er ,'o ,as *oin* a'ead of 'im+ 'e 'eard o-er 'im' t'e s,is'in* of t'e ,'i( and t'e -oice of t'e rider sayin*: Eo a'ead+ @ai?i'mF @e *lanced at t'e (olyt'eist ,'o 'ad 0no,1 fallen do,n on 'is back& ;'en 'e looked at 'im 0carefully 'e found t'at1 t'ere ,as a scar on 'is nose and 'is face ,as torn as if it 'ad been las'ed ,it' a ,'i(+ and 'ad turned *reen ,it' its (oison& An Ansari came to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and related t'is 0e-ent1 to 'im& @e said: Hou 'a-e told t'e trut'& 7'is ,as t'e 'el( from t'e t'ird 'ea-en& 7'e Muslims t'at day 0i& e& t'e day of t'e =attle of =adr1 killed se-enty (ersons and ca(tured se-enty& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said to Abu =akr and 'Cmar 0Alla' be (leased ,it' t'em1: ;'at is your o(inion about t'ese ca(ti-esG Abu =akr said: 7'ey are our kit' and kin& I t'ink you s'ould release t'em after *ettin* from t'em a ransom& 7'is ,ill be a source of stren*t' to us a*ainst t'e infidels& It is /uite (ossible t'at Alla' may *uide t'em to Islam& 7'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: ;'at is your o(inion& Ibn A'attabG @e said: Messen*er of Alla'& I do not 'old t'e same o(inion as Abu =akr& I am of t'e o(inion t'at you s'ould 'and t'em o-er to us so t'at ,e may cut off t'eir 'eads& @and o-er 'A/il to 'Ali t'at 'e may cut off 'is 'ead+ and 'and o-er suc' and suc' relati-e to me t'at I may but off 'is 'ead& 7'ey are leaders of t'e disbelie-ers and -eterans amon* t'em& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 a((ro-ed t'e o(inion of Abu =akr and did not a((ro-e ,'at I said 7'e ne.t day ,'en I came to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ I found t'at bot' 'e and Abu =akr ,ere sittin* s'eddin* tears& I said: Messen*er of Alla'+ ,'y are you and your Com(anion s'eddin* tearsG 7ell me t'e reason& 9or I ,ill ,ee( ate+ if not+ I ,ill at least (retend to ,ee( in sym(at'y ,it' you& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: I ,ee( for ,'at 'as 'a((ened to your com(anions for takin* ransom 0from t'e (risoners1& I ,as s'o,n t'e torture to ,'ic' t'ey ,ere sub>ected& It ,as brou*'t to me as close as t'is tree& 0@e (ointed to a tree close to 'im&1 7'en Eod re-ealed t'e -erse:: It is not befittin* for a (ro('et t'at 'e s'ould take (risoners until t'e force of t'e disbelie-ers 'as been crus'ed&&&: to t'e end of t'e -erse:: so eat ye t'e s(oils of ,ar+ 0it is1 la,ful and (ure& 8o Alla' made booty la,ful for t'em&:

Book 19 -

! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

C$'*!"/ 19: B& (& 3 !$" */&5o "/5 ' ( *1!!& 3 !$"4 & 2o %& 4" ! ' ( C15!&%&2'!&o %o/ 5"!!& 3 !$"4 %/"" -&!$o1! ' . /' 5o4
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;>1:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu @uraira ,'o said: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 sent some 'orsemen to Ba>d& 7'ey ca(tured a man& @e ,as from t'e tribe of =anu @anifa and ,as called 7'umama b& Ct'al& @e ,as t'e c'ief of t'e (eo(le of Hamama& 2eo(le bound 'im ,it' one of t'e (illars of t'e mos/ue& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 came out to 0see1 'im& @e said: 5 7'umama+ ,'at do you t'inkG @e re(lied: Mu'ammad+ I 'a-e *ood o(inion of you& If you kill me+ you ,ill kill a (erson ,'o 'as s(ilt blood& If you do me a fa-our+ you ,ill do a fa-our to a *rateful (erson& If you ,ant ,ealt'+ ask and you ,ill *et ,'at you ,ill demand& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be (on 'im1 left'im 0in t'is condition1 for t,o days+ 0and came to 'im a*ain1 and said: ;'at do you t'ink+ 5 7'umamaG @e re(lied: ;'at I 'a-e already told you& If you do a fa-our+ you ,ill do a fa-our to a *rateful (erson& If you kill me+ you ,ill kill a (erson ,'o 'as s(ilt blood& If you ,ant ,ealt'+ ask and you ,ill *et ,'at you ,ill demand& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 left 'im until t'e ne.t day ,'en 'e 0came to 'im a*ain1 and said: ;'at do you t'ink+ 5 7'umamaG @e re(lied: ;'at I 'a-e already told you& If you do me a fa-our+ you ,ill do a fa-our to a *rateful (erson& If you kill me+ you ,ill kill a (erson ,'o 'as s(ilt blood& If you ,ant ,ealt' ask and you ,ill *et ,'at you ,ill demand& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: 8et 7'umama free& @e ,ent to a (alm-*ro-e near t'e mos/ue and took a bat'& 7'en 'e entered t'e mos/ue and said: I bear testimony 0to t'e trut'1 t'at t'ere is no *od but Alla' and I testify t'at Mu'ammad is @is bondman and @is messen*er& 5 Mu'ammad+ by Alla'+ t'ere ,as no face on t'e eart' more 'ateful to me t'an your face+ but 0no,1 your face 'as become to me t'e dearest of all faces& =y Alla'+ t'ere ,as no reli*ion more 'ateful to me t'an your reli*ion+ but 0no,1 your reli*ion 'as become t'e dearest of all reli*ions to me& =y Alla'+ t'ere ,as no city more 'ateful to me t'an your city+ but 0no,1 your city 'as become t'e dearest of all cities to me& Hour 'orsemen ca(tured me ,'en I intended *oin* for Cmra& Bo, ,'at is your o(inion 0in t'e matter1G 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 announced *ood tidin*s to 'im and told 'im to *o on 'Cmra& ;'en 'e reac'ed Mecca+ somebody said to 'im: @a-e you c'an*ed your reli*ionG @e said: BoF I 'a-e rat'er embraced Islam ,it' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& =y Alla'+ you ,ill not *et a sin*le *rain of ,'eat from Hamama until it is (ermitted by t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;>::
7'e same tradition 'as been narrated by a different c'ain of transmitters ,it' a sli*'t difference in t'e ,ordin*&

C$'*!"/ :8: E7'21'!&o o% !$" C"-5 %/o4 !$" $&C'D
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;>;:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu @uraira ,'o said: ;e ,ere 0sittin*1 in t'e mos/ue ,'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 came to us and said: 0#et us1 *o to t'e 3e,s& ;e ,ent out ,it' 'im until ,e came to t'em& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 stood
Book 19 - $ ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

u( and called out to t'em 0sayin*1: 5 ye assembly of 3e,s+ acce(t Islam 0and1 you ,ill be safe& 7'ey said: Abu'l-Dasim+ you 'a-e communicated 0Eod's Messa*e to us1& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: I ,ant t'is 0i& e& you s'ould admit t'at Eod's Messa*e 'as been communicated to you1+ acce(t Islam and you ,ould be safe& 7'ey said: Abu'l-Disim+ you 'a-e communicated 0Alla''s Messa*e1& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: I ,ant t'is&&& - @e said to t'em 0t'e same ,ords1 t'e t'ird time 0and on *ettin* t'e same re(ly1 'e added: Hou s'ould kno, t'at t'e eart' belon*s to Alla' and @is A(ostle+ and I ,is' t'at I s'ould e.(el you from t'is land 7'ose of you ,'o 'a-e any (ro(erty ,it' t'em s'ould sell it+ ot'er,ise t'ey s'ould kno, t'at t'e eart' belon*s to Alla' and @is A(ostle 0and t'ey may 'a-e to *o a,ay lea-in* e-eryt'in* be'ind1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;>9:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ibn Cmar t'at t'e 3e,s of =anu Badir and =anu Durai?i fou*'t a*ainst t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,'o e.(elled =anu Badir+ and allo,ed Durai?a to stay on+ and *ranted fa-our to t'em until t'ey too fou*'t a*ainst 'im 7'en 'e killed t'eir men+ and distributed t'eir ,omen+ c'ildren and (ro(erties amon* t'e Muslims+ e.ce(t t'at some of t'em 'ad >oined t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,'o *ranted t'em security& 7'ey embraced Islam& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 turned out all t'e 3e,s of Medlina& =anu Dainu/a' 0t'e tribe of 'Abdulla' b& 8alim1 and t'e 3e,s of =anu @arit'a and e-ery ot'er 3e, ,'o ,as in Medina&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;>=:
A similar 'adit' 'as been transmitted by a different c'ain of narrators+ but t'e 'adit' narrated by Ibn 3urai> is more detailed and com(lete&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;>>:
It 'as been narrated by 'Cmar b& al-A'attib t'at 'e 'eard t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 say: I ,ill e.(el t'e 3e,s and C'ristians from t'e Arabian 2eninsula and ,ill not lea-e any but Muslim&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;>?:
7'is 'adit' 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Jubair ,it' t'e same c'ain of transmitters&

C$'*!"/ :1: J15!&%&2'!&o %o/ #&,,& 3 !$o5" 31&,!. o% +/"'2$ o% !/15! ' ( 4'#& 3 !$" *"o*," o% !$" %o/! 51//" ("/ o !$" '/+&!/'!&o o% ' C15! *"/5o
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;>@:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu 8a'id al-A'udri ,'o said: 7'e (eo(le of Durai?a surrendered acce(tin* t'e decision of 8a'd b& Mu'ad' about t'em& Accordin*ly+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 sent for 8a'd ,'o came to 'im ridin* a donkey& ;'en 'e a((roac'ed t'e mos/ue+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said to t'e Ansar: 8tand u( to recei-e your
Book 19 - % ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

c'ieftain& 7'en 'e said 0to 8a'd1: 7'ese (eo(le 'a-e surrendered acce(tin* your decision& @e 08a'd1 said: Hou ,ill kill t'eir fi*'ters and ca(ture t'eir ,omen and c'ildren& 0@earin* t'is1+ t'e 2ro(bot 0may (eace 'e t(on 'im1 said: Hou 'a-e ad>ud*ed by t'e command of Eod& 7'e narrator is re(orted to 'a-e said: 2er'a(s 'e said: Hou 'a-e ad>u*ed by t'e decision of a kin*& Ibn Mut'anna 0in 'is -ersion of t'e tradition1 'as not mentioned t'e alternati-e ,ords&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;>9:
7'rou*' t'e same c'ain of transmitters 8'u'ba 'as narrated t'e same tradition in ,'ic' 'e says t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said 0to 8a'd1: Hou 'a-e ad>ud*ed accordin* to t'e command of Eod& And once 'e said: you 'a-e ad>ud*ed by t'e decision of a kin*&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;?8:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of A'is'a ,'o said: 8a'd ,as ,ounded on t'e day of t'e =attle of t'e Ditc'& A man from t'e Durais' called Ibn al-Ari/a' s'ot at 'im an arro, ,'ic' (ierced t'e artery in t'e middle of 'is forearm& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eacce be u(on 'im1 (itc'ed a tent for 'im in t'e mos/ue and ,ould in/uire after 'im bein* in close (ro.imity& ;'en 'e returned from t'e Ditc' and laid do,n 'is arms and took a bat'+ t'e an*el Eabriel a((eared to 'im and 'e ,as remo-in* dust from 'is 'air 0as if 'e 'ad >ust returned from t'e battle1& 7'e latter said: Hou 'a-e laid do,n arms& =y Eod+ ,e 'a-en't 0yet1 laid t'em do,n& 8o marc' a*ainst t'em& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 asked: ;'ereG @e (oirftad to =anu Durai?a& 8o t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace 'e u(on 'im1 fou*'t a*ainst t'em& 7'ey surrendered at t'e command of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ but 'e referred t'e decision about t'em to 8a'd ,'o said: I decide about t'em t'at t'ose of t'em ,'o can fi*'t be killed+ t'eir ,omen and c'ildren taken (risoners and t'eir (ro(erties distributed 0amon* t'e Muslims1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;?1:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of @is'am 0,'o learnt it from 'is fat'er1 t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said 0to 8a'd1: Hou 'a-e ad>ud*ed t'eir case ,it' t'e >ud*ment of Eod& t'e E.alted and Elorified&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;?::
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 'A'is'a t'at 8a'd's ,ound became dry and ,as *oin* to 'eal ,'en 'e (rayed: 5 Eod+ surely 7'ou kno,est t'at not'in* is dearer to me t'an t'at I s'ould fi*'t for 7'y cause a*ainst t'e (eo(le ,'o disbelie-er Hour Messen*er 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and turned 'im out 0from 'is nati-e (lace1& If anyt'in* yet remains to be decided from t'e ,ar a*ainst t'e Durais'+ s(are my life so t'at I may fi*'t a*ainst t'em in 7'y cause& 5 #ord+ I t'ink 7'ou 'ast ended t'e ,ar bet,een us and t'em& If 7'ou 'ast done so+ o(en my ,ound 0so t'at it may disc'ar*e1 and cause my deat' t'ereby& 8o t'e ,ound be*in to bleed from t'e front (art of 'is neck& 7'e (eo(le ,ere not scared e.ce(t ,'en t'e blood flo,ed to,ards t'em+ and in t'e mos/ue alon* ,it' 8a'd's tent ,as t'e tent of =anu E'ifar& 7'ey said: 5 (eo(le of t'e tent+ ,'at is it t'at is comin* to us from youG #oF it ,as 8a'd's ,ound t'at ,as bleedin* and 'e died t'ereof&

Book 19 - " ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;?;:
7'is tradition 'as been narrated by @is'im t'rou*' t'e same c'ain of transmitters ,it' a little difference in t'e ,ordin*& @e said: 0@is ,ound1 be*an to bleed t'at -ery ni*'t and it continued to bleed until 'e died& @e 'as made t'e addition t'at it ,as t'en t'at 0a non-belie-in*1 (oet said: @ark+ 5 8a'd+ 8a'd of =anu Mu'ad'+ ;'at 'a-e t'e Duraiaa and Badir doneG =y t'y lifeF 8a'd b& Mu'ad'KbrK ;as steadfast on t'e morn t'ey de(arted& Hou 'a-e left your cookin*-(ot em(ty+ ;'ile t'e cookin*-(ot of t'e (eo(le is 'ot and boilin*& Abu @ubab t'e nobleman 'as said+ 5 Dainu/a'+ do not de(art& 7'ey ,ere ,ei*'ty in t'eir country >ust aa rocks are ,ei*'ty in Maitan&

C$'*!"/ ::: S$o-& 3 */o4*!&!1(" & C&$'( ' ( 3&7& 3 */"2"(" 2" !o !$" 4o/" 1/3" ! o% !$" !-o '2!&o 5 -$&," 4'#& 3 ' 2$o&2" +"!-"" !$"4
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;?9:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abdulla' ,'o said: 5n t'e day 'e returned from t'e =attle of A'?ab+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 made for us an announcement t'at nobody ,ould say 'is Ju'r (rayer but in t'e /uarters of =anu Durai?a 08ome1 (eo(le+ bein* afraid t'at t'e time for (rayer ,ould e.(ire+ said t'eir (rayers before reac'in* t'e street of =anu Durai?a& 7'e ot'ers said: ;e ,ill not say our (rayer e.ce(t ,'ere t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'as ordered us to say it e-en if t'e time e.(ires& 0;'en 'e learned of t'e difference in t'e -ie, of t'e t,o *rou(s of t'e (eo(le+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be ti(on 'im1 did not blame anyone from t'e t,o *rou(s&

C$'*!"/ :;: R"!1/ o% !$"&/ 3&%!5 !o !$" A 5'/ +. !$" M1$'C&/5 -$" !$" ,'!!"/ 3/"- /&2$ '5 ' /"+1,! o% !$" 2o <1"5!5
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;?=:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas b& Malik ,'o said: ;'en t'e Mu'a>irs mi*rated from Mecca to Medina< t'ey came 0in a state t'at1 t'ey 'ad not anyt'in* 0i& e& money1 in t'eir'ands+ ,'ile t'e Ansar (ossessed lands and date (alms& 7'ey di-ided t'eir (ro(erties ,it' t'e Mu'a>irs& 7'e Ansar di-ided and *a-e t'em on t'e condition t'at t'ey ,ould *i-e 'alf t'e fruit from t'e orc'ards e-ery
Book 19 - & ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

year+ and t'e Mu'a>irs ,ould recom(ense t'em by ,orkin* ,it' t'em and (uttin* in labour& 7'e mot'er of Anas b& Malik ,as called Cmm 8ulaim and s'e ,as also t'e mot'er of 'Abdulla' b& 7al'a ,'o ,as a brot'er of Anas from 'is mot'er's side& 7'e mot'er of Anas 'ad *i-en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'er date-(alms& @e besto,ed t'em u(on Cmm Aiman+ t'e sla-e-*irl ,'o 'ad been freed by 'im and ,as t'e mot'er of Csama b& Jaid& ;'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'ad finis'ed t'e ,ar ,it' t'e (eo(le of A'aibar and returned to Medina+ t'e Mu'a>irs returned to t'e Ansar all t'e *ifts ,'ic' t'ey 'ad *i-en t'em out of t'e fruits& 0Anas b& Malik said: 1 7'e Messen*er of& Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 returned to my mot'er 'er date-(alms and *a-e to Cmm Aiman instead of t'em date-(alms from 'is orc'ard& Ibn 8'i'ab says t'at Cmm Aiman ,as t'e mot'er of Csama b& Jaid ,'o ,as t'e sla-e-*irl of 'Abdulla' b& 'Abd-ul-Muttalib and 'ailed from Abyssinia& ;'en Amina *a-e birt' to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 after t'e deat' of 'is fat'er+ Cmm Aiman used to nurse 'im until 'e *re, u(& @e 0later on1 freed 'er and married 'er to Jaid b& @arit'a& 8'e died fi-e mont's after t'e deat' of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;?>:
It 'as been narrated by Anas t'at 0after 'is mi*ration to Medina1 a (erson (laced at t'e 2ro('et's 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 dis(osal some date-(alms *ro,in* on 'is land until t'e lands of Durai?a and Badir ,ere con/uered& 7'en 'e be*an to return to 'im ,'ate-er 'e 'ad recei-ed& 0In t'is connection1 my (eo(le told me to a((roac' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and ask from 'im ,'at 'is (eo(le 'ad *i-en 'im or a (ortion t'ereof+ but t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'ad besto,ed t'ose trees u(on Cmm Aiman& 8o I came to t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and 'e *a-e 'em 0back1 to me& Cmm Aiman 0also1 came 0at t'is time1& 8'e (ut t'e clot' round my neck and said: Bo+ by Alla'+ ,e ,ill not *i-e to+ you ,'at 'e 'as *ranted to me& 7'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: Cmm Aiman+ let 'im 'a-e t'em and for you are suc' and suc' trees instead& =ut s'e said: =y Alla'+ t'ere is no *od besides @im& Bo+ ne-erF 7'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 continued sayin*: 0Hou ,ill *et1 suc' and suc'& until 'e 'ad *ranted 'er ten times or nearly ten times more 0t'an t'e ori*inal *ift1&

C$'*!"/ :9: J15!&%&2'!&o %o/ !'#& 3 %oo( & !$" ,' ( o% !$" " "4.
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;??:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abdulla' b& Mu*'affal ,'o said I found a ba* containin* fat on t'e day of t'e =attle of A'aibar& I cau*'t 'old of it and said: I ,ill not *i-e anyt'in* today from it to anybody& 7'en I turned round and sa, t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,as smilin* 0at my ,ords1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;?@:
7'is tradition 'as been transmitted by a different c'ain of narrators ,it' a different ,ordin*+ t'e last in t'e c'ain bein* t'e same narrator+ 0i& e& 'Abdulla' b& Mu*'affal1+ ,'o said: A ba* containin* food and fat ,as t'ro,n to us& I le(t for,ard to catc' it& 7'en I turned round and sa, 0to my sur(rise1 t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and I felt as'amed of my act in 'is (resence&

Book 19 - # ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;?9:
7'is 'adit' 'as been transmitted on t'e aut'ority of 8'u'ba ,it' a sli*'t -ariation of ,ords&

C$'*!"/ :=: T$" $o,. */o*$"!'5 (4'. *"'2" +" 1*o $&4) ,"!!"/ !o H&/'<, (2"'5'/) & 7&!& 3 $&4 !o &5,'4
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;@8:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ibn Abbas ,'o learnt t'e tradition (ersonally from Abu 8afyan& 7'e latter said: I ,ent out 0on a mercantile -enture1 durin* t'e (eriod 0of truce1 bet,een me and t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& ;'ile I ,as in 8yria+ t'e letter of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,as 'anded o-er to @ira/l 0Ceasar1+ t'e Em(eror of )ome 0,'o ,as on a -isit to 3erusalem at t'at time1& 7'e letter ,as brou*'t by Di'ya Aalbi ,'o deli-ered it to t'e *o-ernor of =usra 7'e *o-ernor (assed it on to @ira/l+ 05n recei-in* t'e letter1+ 'e said: Is t'ere anyone from t'e (eo(le of t'is man ,'o t'inks t'at 'e is a (ro('et& 2eo(le said: Hes& 8o+ I ,as called alon* ,it' a fe, ot'ers from t'e Durais'& ;e ,ere admitted to @ira/l and 'e seated usbefore 'im& @e asked: ;'ic' of you 'as closer kins'i( ,it' t'e man ,'o t'inks t'at 'e is a (ro('etG Abu 8ufyan said: I& 8o t'ey seated me in front of 'im and stated my com(anions be'ind me& 7'en+ 'e called 'is inter(reter and said to 'im: 7ell t'em t'at I am *oin* to ask t'is fello, 0i& e& Abu 8ufyan1 about t'e man ,'o t'inks t'at 'e is a (ro('et& It 'e tells me a lie+ t'en refute 'im& Abu 8ufyan told 0t'e narrator1: =y Eod+ if t'ere ,as not t'e fear t'at false'ood ,ould be im(uted to me I ,ould 'a-e lied& 07'en1 @ira/i said to 'is inter(reter: In/uire from 'im about 'is ancestry+ I said: @e is of *ood ancestry amon* us& @e asked: @as t'ere been a kin* amon* 'is ancestorsG I said: Bo& @e asked: Did you accuse 'im of false'ood before 'e (roclaimed 'is (ro('et'oodG I said: Bo& @e asked: ;'o are 'is follo,er (eo(le of 'i*' status or lo, statusG I said: 07'ey are1 of lo, status& @e asked: Are t'ey increasin* in number or decreasin*G I said& Bo& t'ey are rat'er increasin*& @e asked: Does anyone *i-e u( 'is reli*ion+ bein* dissatisfied ,it' it+ after 'a-in* embraced itG I said: Bo& @e asked: @a-e you been at ,ar ,it' 'imG I said: Hes& @e asked: @o, did you fare in t'at ,arG I said: 7'e ,ar bet,een us and 'im 'as been ,a-erin* like a bucket+ u( at one turn and do,n at t'e ot'er 0i& e& t'e -ictory 'as been s'ared bet,een us and 'im by turns1& 8ometimes 'e suffered loss at our 'ands and sometimes ,e suffered loss at 'is 0'and1& @e asked: @as 'e 0e-er1 -iolated 'is co-enantG I said: Bo& but ,e 'a-e recently concluded a (eace treaty ,it' 'im for a (etiod and ,e do not kno, ,'at 'e is *oin* to do about it& 0Abu 8ufyin said on oat' t'at 'e could not inter(olate in t'is dialo*ue anyt'in* from 'imself more t'an t'ese ,ords 1 @e asked: Did anyone make t'e (roclamation 05f (ro('et'ood1 before 'imG I said: Bo& @e 0no,1 said to 'is inter(reter: 7ell 'im+ I asked 'im about 'is ancestry and 'e 'ad re(lied t'at 'e 'ad t'e best ancestry& 7'is is t'e case ,it' 2ro('ets< t'ey are t'e descendants of t'e noblest amon* t'eir (eo(le 0Addressin* Abu 8ufyan1+ 'e continued: I asked you if t'ere 'ad been a kin* amon* 'is ancestors& Hou said t'at t'ere 'ad been none& If t'ere 'ad been a kin* amon* 'is ancestors+ I ,ould 'a-e said t'at 'e ,as a man demandin* 'is ancestral kin*dom& I asked you about 'is follo,ers ,'et'er t'ey ,ere (eo(le of 'i*' or lo, status+ and you said t'at t'ey ,ere of rat'er lo, status& 8uc' are t'e follo,ers of t'e 2ro('ets& I asked you ,'et'er you used to accuse 'im of false'ood before 'e (roclaimed 'is (ro('et'ood+ and you said t'at you did not& 8o I 'a-e understood t'at ,'en 'e did not allo, 'imself to tell a lie about t'e (oe(le+ 'e ,ould ne-er *o to t'e len*t' of for*in* a false'ood about Alla'& I asked you ,'et'er anyone renounced 'is reli*ion bein* dissatisfied ,it' it after 'e 'ad embraced it+ and you re(lied in t'e ne*ati-e& 9ait' is like
Book 19 - ' ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

t'is ,'en it enters t'e de(t' of t'e 'eart 0it (er(etuates t'em1& I asked you ,'et'er 'is follo,ers ,ere increasin* or decreasin*& Hou said t'ey ,ere increasin*& 9ait' is like t'is until it reac'es its consummation& I asked you ,'et'er you 'ad been at ,ar ,it' 'im+ and you re(lied t'at you 'ad been and t'at t'e -ictory bet,een you and 'im 'ad been s'ared by turns+ sometimes 'e sufferin* loss at your 'and and sometimes you sufferin* lost at 'is& 7'is is 'o, t'e 2ro('ets are tried before t'e final -ictory its t'eirs& I asked you ,'et'er 'e 0e-er1 -iolated 'is co-enant+ and you said t'at 'e did not& 7'is is 'o, t'e 2ro('ets be'a-e& 7'ey ne-er -iolate 0t'eir co-enants1& I asked you ,'et'er anyone before 'im 'ad (roclaimed t'e same t'in*+ and you re(lied in t'e ne*ati-e& I said: If anyone 'ad made t'e same (roclamation before+ I ,ould 'a-e t'ou*'t t'at 'e ,as a man follo,in* ,'at 'ad been (roclaimed before& 07'en1 'e asked: ;'at does 'e en>oin u(on youG I said: @e e.'orts us to offer 8alat+ to (ay Jakat+ to s'o, due re*ard to kins'i( and to (ractise c'astity& @e said: It ,'at you 'a-e told about 'im is true+ 'e is certainly a 2ro('et& I kne, t'at 'e ,as to a((ear but I did not t'ink t'at 'e ,ould be from amon* you& If I kne, t'at I ,ould be able to reac' 'im& I ,ould lo-e to meet 'im< and it I 'ad been ,it' 'im& I ,ould 'a-e ,as'ed 'is feet 0out of re-erence1& @is dominion ,ould certainly e.tend to t'is (lace ,'ic' is under my feet& 7'en 'e called for t'e letter of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (face be u(on 'im1 and read it& 7'e letter ran as follo,s:: In t'e name of Alla'+ Most Eracious and Most Merciful& 9rom Mu'ammad+ t'e Messen*er of Alla'+ to @ira/l+ t'e Em(eror of t'e )omans& 2eace be u(on 'im ,'o follo,s t'e *uidance& After t'is+ I e.tend to you t'e in-itation to acce(t Islam& Embrace Islam and you ,ill be safe& Acce(t Islam+ Eod ,ill *i-e you double t'e re,ard& And if you turn a,ay+ u(on you ,ill be t'e sin of your sub>ects&: 5 2eo(le of t'e =ook+ come to t'e ,ord t'at is common bet,een us t'at ,e s'ould ,ors'i( none ot'er t'an Alla'+ s'ould not ascribe any (artner to @im and some of us s'ould not take t'eir fello,s as #ords ot'er t'an Alla'& If t'ey turn a,ay+ you s'ould say t'at ,e testify to our bein* Muslims Liii& 4!M&: ;'en 'e 'id finis'ed t'e readin* of t'e letter+ noise and confused clamour ,as raise around 'im+ and 'e ordered us to lea-e& Accordin*ly+ ,e left& 0Addressin* my com(anions1 ,'ile ,e ,ere comin* out 0of t'e (lace1& I said: Ibn Abu Aabs'a 0referrin* sarcastically to t'e @oly 2ro('et1 'as come to ,ield a *reat (o,er& #oF 0e-en1 t'e kin* of t'e )omans is afraid of 'im& I continued to belie-e t'at t'e aut'ority of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,ould trium(' until Eod imbued me ,it' 0t'e s(irit of1 Islam&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;@1:
7'is 'adit' 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ibn 8'i'ab ,it' t'e same c'ain of transmitters but ,it' t'e addition:: ;'en Alla' inflicted defeat on t'e armies of 2ersia+ Caesar mo-ed from @ims to Aelia 0=ait al-Ma/dis1 for t'ankin* Alla' as @e *ranted 'im -ictory&: In t'is 'adit' t'ese ,ords occur:: 9rom Mu'ammad+ ser-ant of Alla' and @is Messen*er+: and said:: 7'e sin of your follo,ers+: and also said t'e ,ords:: to t'e call of Islam:&

C$'*!"/ :>: L"!!"/5 o% !$" $o,. */o*$"! (4'. *"'2" +" 1*o $&4) !o !$" #& 35 o% (&5+",&"7"/5 & 7&!& 3 !$"4 !o ',,'$6 !$" ")',!"( ' ( 3,o/&o15
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;@::
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas t'at t'e 2ro('et of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,rote to C'osroes 0Ain* of 2ersia1+ Caesar 0Em(eror of )ome1+ Be*us 0Ain* of Abyssinia1 and e-ery

Book 19 - 9 ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

0ot'er1 des(ot in-itin* t'em to Alla'+ t'e E.alted& And t'is Be*us ,as not t'e one for ,'om t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'ad said t'e funeral (rayers&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;@;:
7'e tradition 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas b& Malik 0t'e same narrator1 t'rou*' a different c'ain of transmitters+ but t'is -ersion does not mention:: And 'e ,as not t'e Be*us for ,'om t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'ad said t'e funeral (rayers&:

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;@9:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of t'e same narrator t'rou*' anot'er c'ain of transmitters ,it' t'e same difference in t'e ,ordin*&

C$'*!"/ :?: T$" +'!!," o% H1 '&
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;@=:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 'Abbas ,'o said: I ,as in t'e com(any of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 on t'e Day of @unain& I and Abd 8ufyan b& @arit' b& 'Abd al-Muttalib stuck to t'e Messenaer of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and ,e did not se(arate from 'im& And t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (lace be u(on 'im1 ,as ridin* on 'is ,'ite mule ,'ic' 'ad been (resented to 'im by 9ar,a b& Bufit'a al-3ud'ami& ;'en t'e Muslims 'ad an encounter ,it' t'e disbelie-ers+ t'e Muslims fled+ fallin* back+ but t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 be*an to s(ur 'is mule to,ards t'e disbelie-ers& I ,as 'oldin* t'e bridle of t'e mule of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 c'eckin* it from *oin* -ery fast+ and Abu 8ufyan ,as 'oldin* t'e stirru( of t'e 0mule of t'e1 Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ ,'o said: Abbas+ call out to t'e (eo(le of al-8amura& Abbas 0,'o ,as a man ,it' a loud -oice1 called out at t'e to( of t'e -oice: ;'ere are t'e (eo(le of 8amuraG 0Abbas said: 1 And by Eod+ ,'en t'ey 'eard my -oice+ t'ey came back 0to us1 as co,s come back to t'eir cal-es+ and said: ;e are (resent+ ,e are (resentF 'Abbas said: 7'ey be*an to fi*'t t'e infidels& 7'en t'ere ,as a call to 7'e Ansar& 7'ose 0,'o called out to t'em1 s'outed: 5 ye (arty of t'e AnsarF 5 (arty of t'e AnsarF =anu al-@arit' b& al-A'a?ra> ,ere t'e last to be called& 7'ose 0,'o called out to t'em1 s'outed: 5 =anu Al-@arit' b& al-A'a?ra>F 5 =anC @arit' b& al-A'a?ra>F And t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,'o ,as ridin* on 'is mule looked at t'eir fi*'t ,it' 'is neck stretc'ed for,ard and 'e said: 7'is is t'e time ,'en t'e fi*'t is ra*in* 'ot& 7'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 took 0some1 (ebbles and t're, t'em in t'e face of t'e infidels& 7'en 'e said: =y t'e #ord of Mu'ammad+ t'e infidels are defeated& 'Abbas said: I ,ent round and sa, t'at t'e battle ,as in t'e same condition in ,'ic' I 'ad seen it& =y Alla'+ it remained in t'e same condition until 'e t're, t'e (ebbles& I continued to ,atc' until I found t'at t'eir force 'ad been s(ent out and t'ey be*an to retreat&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;@>:
A -ersion of t'e tradition 'as been transmitted t'rou*' anot'er c'ain of narrators& In t'is -ersion t'e ,ords uttered by t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 0after 'e 'ad t'ro,n t'e (ebbles in t'e face of t'e enemy1 are re(orted as:: =y t'e #ord of t'e Aa'ba+ t'ey 'a-e been defeated&: And t'ere is at t'e end t'e addition of t'e ,ords:: Cntil Alla' defeated t'em: 0and I ima*ine1 as if I sa, t'e 2ro('et of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 c'asin* t'em on 'is mule&

Book 19 - $( ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;@?:
'Abbas re(orted: I ,as ,it' Alla''s A(ostle 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 on t'e Day of @unain& 7'e rest of t'e 'adit' is t'e same but ,it' t'is -ariation t'at t'e 'adit' transmitted by Honus and Ma'mar is more detailed and com(lete&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;@@:
It 'as been narratedon t'e aut'ority of Abu Is'a/ ,'o said: A man asked =ara' 0b& 'A?ib1: Did you run a,ay on t'e Day of @unain& 5+ Abu CmiraG @e said: Bo+ by Alla'+ 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 did not turn 'is back< 0,'at actually 'a((ened ,as t'at1 some youn* men from amon* 'is com(anions+ ,'o ,ere 'asty and ,'o ,ere eit'er ,it'out any arms or did not 'a-e abundant arms+ ad-anced and met a (arty of arc'ers 0,'o ,ere so *ood s'ots1 t'at t'eir arro,s ne-er missed t'e mark& 7'is (arty 0of arc'ers1 belon*ed to =anu @a,a?in and =anu Badir& 7'ey s'ot at t'e ad-ancin* youn* men and t'eir arro,s ,ere not likely to miss t'eir tar*ets& 8o t'ese youn* men turned to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,'ile 'e ,as ridin* on 'is ,'ite mule and Abu 8ufyan b& al-@arit' b& 'Abd al-Muttalib ,as leadin* 'im& 0At t'is1 'e *ot do,n from 'is mule+ in-oked Eod's 'el(+ and called out: I am t'e 2ro('et& 7'is is no untrut'& I am t'e son of 'Abd alMuttalib& 7'en 'e de(ln-ed 'is men into battle array&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;@9:
It 'as been narrated 0t'rou*' a different c'ain of transmitters1 by Abu Is'i/ t'at a (erson said to =ara' 0b& 'A?ib1: Abu Cmara+ did you flee on t'e Day of @unainG @e re(lied: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 did not retreat& 0;'at actually 'a((ened ,as t'at some 'asty youn* men ,'o ,ere eit'er inade/uately armed or ,ere unarmed met a *rou( of men from =anu @a,a?in and =anu Badir ,'o 'a((ened to be 0e.cellent1 arc'ers& 7'e latter s'ot at t'em a -olley of arro,s t'at did not miss& 7'e (eo(le turned to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& Abu 8ufyan b& @arit' ,as leadin* 'is mule& 8o 'e *ot do,n+ (rayed and in-oked Eod's 'el(& @e said: I am t'e 2ro('et& 7'is is no untrut'& I am t'e son of Abd al-Muttalib& 5 Eod+ descend 7'y 'el(& =ara' continued: ;'en t'e battle *re, fierce& ,e+ by Eod& ,ould seek (rotection by 'is side+ and t'e bra-est amon* us ,as 'e ,'o confronted t'e onslau*'t and it ,as t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;98:
It 'as been narrated t'rou*' a still different c'ain of transmitters by t'e same narrator 0i& e& Abu Is'a/1 ,'o said: I 'eard from =ara' ,'o ,as asked by a man from t'e Dais tribe: Did you run a,ay from t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 on t'e Day of @unainG =ara' said: =ut t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 did not run a,ay& 5n t'at day =anu @a,??in took (art in t'e battle as arc'ers 0on t'e side of t'e disbelie-ers1& ;'en ,e attacked t'em+ t'ey retreated and ,e fell u(on t'e booty< 0t'ey rallied1 and ad-anced to,ards us ,it' arro,s& 0At t'at time1 I sa, t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ridin* on 'is ,'ite mule and Abu 8ufyan b& al-@arit' ,as 'oldin* its bridle& @e 0t'e Messen*er of Alla' ,as sayin*: I am t'e 2ro('et& 7'is is no untrut'& I am a descendant of 'Abd al-Muttalib&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;91:
7'is 'adit' 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of =ara' ,it' anot'er c'ain of transmitters+ but t'is 'adit' is s'ort as com(ared ,it' ot'er a'adit' ,'ic' are more detailed&

Book 19 - $1 ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;9::
7'is tradition 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 8alama ,'o said: ;e fou*'t by t'e side of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 at @unain& ;'en ,e encountered t'e enemy+ I ad-anced and ascended a 'illock& A man from t'e enemy side turned to,ards me and I s'ot 'im ,it' an arro,& @e 0ducked and1 'id 'imself from me& I could not understand ,'at 'e did+ but 0all of a sudden1 I sa, t'at a *rou( of (eo(le a((eared from t'e ot'er 'illock& 7'ey and t'e Com(anions of t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 met in combat+ but t'e Com(anions of t'e 2ro('et turned back and I too turned back defeated& I 'ad t,o mantles+ one of ,'ic' I ,as ,ra((in* round t'e ,aist 0co-erin* t'e lo,er (art of my body1 and t'e ot'er I ,as (uttin* around my s'oulders& My ,aist-,ra((er *ot loose and I 'eld t'e t,o mantles to*et'er& 0In t'is do,ncast condition1 I (assed by t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,'o ,as ridin* on 'is ,'ite mule& @e said: 7'e son of Ak,a' finds 'imself to be utterly (er(le.ed& ;'er& t'e Com(anions *at'ered round 'im from all sides& t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 *ot do,n from 'is mule& (icked u( a 'andful of dust from t'e *round+ t're, it into t'eir 0enemy1 faces and said: May t'ese faces be deformed 1 7'ere ,as no one amon* t'e enemy ,'ose eyes ,ere not filled ,it' t'e dust from t'is 'andful& 8o t'ey turned back fleein*& and Alla' t'e E.alted and Elorious defeated t'em+ and t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 distributed t'eir booty amon* t'e Muslims&

C$'*!"/ :@: T$" +'!!," o% T''&%
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;9;:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ibn 'Amr ,'o said: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 besie*ed t'e (eo(le of 7a'if+ but did *et -ictory o-er t'em& @e said: Eod ,illin*+ ,e s'all return& @is Com(anions said: 8'all ,e de(art ,it'out 'a-in* con/uered itG 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: 0All ri*'t1 make a raid in t'e mornin*& 7'ey did so& and ,ere ,ounded 0,it' t'e arro,s s'o,ered u(on t'em1& 8o t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: ;e s'all de(art tomorro,& 07'e narrator says1: 0Bo,1 t'is 0announcement1 (leased t'em+ and t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 lau*'ed at 0t'eir ,ay,ardness1&

C$'*!"/ :9: T$" +'!!," o% B'(/
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;99:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas t'at ,'en 0t'e ne,s of1 t'e ad-ance of Abu 8ufyan 0at t'e 'ead of a force1 reac'ed 'im& t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'eld consultations ,it' 'is Com(anions& 7'e narrator said: Abu =akr s(oke 0e.(ressin* 'is o,n -ie,s1+ but 'e 0t'e @oly 2ro('et1 did not (ay 'eed to 'im& 7'en s(oke 'Cmar 0e.(ressin* 'is -ie,s1+ but 'e 0t'e @oly 2ro('et1 did not (ay 'eed to 'im 0too1& 7'en 8a'd b& 'Cbada stood u( and said: Messen*er of Alla'+ you ,ant us 0to s(eak1& =y Eod in ;'ose control is my life+ if you order us to (lun*e our 'orses into t'e sea+ ,e ,ould do so& If you order us to *oad our 'orses to t'e most distant (lace like =ark al-E'imad+ ,e ,ould do so& 7'e narrator said: Bo, t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 called u(on t'e (eo(le 0for t'e encounter1& 8o t'ey set out and encam(ed at =adr& 08oon1 t'e ,ater-carriers of t'e Durais' arri-ed& Amon* t'em ,as a black sla-e belon*in* to =anu al-@a>>a>& 7'e Com(anions of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 cau*'t 'im and interro*ated 'im about Abu 8ufyan and 'is com(anions& @e said: I kno, not'in* about Abu 8ufyan+ but Abu 3a'l+ Ctba+ 8'aiba and Cmayya b& A'alaf are t'ere& ;'en 'e said t'is+ t'ey beat 'im& 7'en 'e said: All ri*'t+ I ,ill tell you about Abu
Book 19 - $ ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

8ufyan& 7'ey ,ould sto( beatin* 'im and t'en ask 'im 0a*ain1 about Abu 8ufyan& @e ,ould a*ain say'+ I kno, not'in* about Abu 8ufyan+ but Abu 3a'l& 'Ctba+ 8'aiba and Cmayya b& A'alaf are t'ere& ;'en 'e said t'is+ t'ey beat 'im like,ise& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,as standin* in (rayer& ;'en 'e sa, t'is 'e finis'ed 'is (rayer and said: =y Alla' in ;'ose control is my life+ you beat 'im ,'en 'e is tellin* you t'e trut'+ and you let 'im *o ,'en 'e tells you a lie& 7'e narrator said: 7'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: 7'is is t'e (lace ,'ere so and so ,ould be killed& @e (laced 'is 'and on t'e eart' 0sayin*1 'ere and 'ere< 0and1 none of t'em fell a,ay from t'e (lace ,'ic' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'ad indicated by (lacin* 'is 'and on t'e eart'&

C$'*!"/ ;8: T$" 2o <1"5! o% M"22'
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;9=:
It 'as been narrated by 'Abdulla' b& )aba' from Abu @uraira+ ,'o said: Many de(utations came to Mu'a,iya& 7'is ,as in t'e mont' of )amadan& ;e ,ould (re(are food for one anot'er& Abu @uraira ,as one of t'ose ,'o fre/uently in-ited us to 'is 'ouse& I said: 8'ould I not (re(are food and in-ite t'em to my (laceG 8o I ordered meals to be (re(ared 7'en I met Abu @uraira in t'e e-enin* and said: 0Hou ,ill 'a-e1 your meals ,it' me toni*'t& @e said: Hou 'a-e forestalled me& I said: Hes+ and in-ited t'em& 0;'en t'ey 'ad finis'ed ,it' t'e meals1 Abu @uraira said: 8'ould I not tell yon a tradition from your traditions+ 5 ye assembly of t'e AnsarG @e t'en *a-e an account of t'e Con/uest of Mecca and said: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ad-anced until 'e reac'ed Mecca& @e de(uted Jubair on 'is ri*'t flank and A'alid on t'e left+ and 'e des(atc'ed Abu Cbaida ,it' t'e force t'at 'ad no armour& 7'ey ad-anced to t'e interior of t'e -alley& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,as in t'e midst of a lar*e contin*ent of fi*'ters& @e sa, me and said: Abu @uraira& I said: I am 'ere at your call+ Messen*er of Alla' I @e said: #et no one come to me e.ce(t t'e Ansar+ so call to me t'e Ansar 0only1& Abu @uraira continued: 8o t'ey *at'ered round 'im& 7'e Durais' also *at'ered t'eir ruffians and t'eir 0lo,ly1 follo,ers+ and said: ;e send t'ese for,ard& If t'ey *et anyt'in*+ ,e s'all be ,it' t'em 0to s'are it1+ and if misfortune befalls t'em+ ,e s'all (ay 0as com(ensation1 ,'ate-er ,e are asked for& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said 0to t'e Ansar1: Hou see t'e ruffians and t'e 0lo,ly1 follo,ers of t'e Durais'& And 'e indicated by 0strikin*1 one of 'is 'ands o-er t'e ot'er t'at t'ey s'ould be killed and said: Meet me at as-8afa& 7'en ,e ,ent on 0and1 if any one of us ,anted t'at a certain (erson s'ould be killed+ 'e ,as killed+ and none could offer any resistance& Abu @uraira continued: 7'en came Abu 8ufyan and said: Messen*er of Alla'+ t'e blood of t'e Durais' 'as become -ery c'ea(& 7'ere ,ill be no Durais' from t'is day on& 7'en 'e 0t'e @oly 2ro('et1 said: ;'o enters t'e 'ouse of Abu 8ufyan+ 'e ,ill be safe& 8ome of t'e Ansar ,'is(ered amon* t'emsel-es: 0After all1+ lo-e for 'is city and tenderness to,ards 'is relations 'a-e o-er(o,ered 'im& Abu @uraira said: 0At t'is moment1 re-elation came to t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and ,'en 'e ,as *oin* to recei-e t'e )e-elation+ ,e understood it+ and ,'en 'e ,as 0actually1 recei-in* it+ none of us ,ould dare raise 'is eyes to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 until t'e re-elation came to an end& ;'en t'e re-elation came to an end+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: 5 ye Assembly of t'e AnsarF 7'ey said: @ere ,e are at your dis(osal+ Messen*er of Alla'& @e said: Hou ,ere sayin* t'at lo-e for 'is city and tenderness to,ards 'is (eo(le 'a-e o-er(o,ered t'is man& 7'ey said: 8o it ,as& @e said: Bo+ ne-er& I am a bondman of Eod and @is Messen*er& I mi*rated to,ards Eod and to,ards you& I ,ill li-e ,it' you and ,ill die ,it' you& 8o+ t'ey 0t'e Ansar1 turned to,ards 'im in tears and t'ey ,ere sayin*: =y Alla'+ ,e said ,'at ,e said because of our tenacious attac'ment to Alla' and @is Messen*er& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: 8urely+ Alla' and @is Messen*er testify to your assertions and acce(t your a(olo*y& 7'e narrator continued: 2eo(le turned to t'e 'ouse of Abu 8ufyan and (eo(le
Book 19 - $$ ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

locked t'eir doors& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 (roceeded until 'e a((roac'ed t'e 0=lack1 8tone& @e kissed it and circumambulated t'e Aa'ba& @e reac'ed near an idol by t'e side of t'e Aa'ba ,'ic' ,as ,ors'i((ed by t'e (eo(le& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'ad a bo, in 'is 'and+ and 'e ,as 'oldin* it from a corner& ;'en 'e came near t'e idol+ 'e be*an to (ierce its eyes ,it' t'e bo, and 0,'ile doin* so1 ,as sayin*: 7rut' 'as been establis'ed and false'ood 'as (eris'ed& ;'en 'e 'ad finis'ed t'e circumambulation+ 'e came to 8afa'+ ascended it to a 'ei*'t from ,'ere 'e could see t'e Aa'ba+ raised 'is 'ands 0in (rayer1 and be*an to (raise Alla' and (rayed ,'at 'e ,anted to (ray& 7'e tradition 'as been narrated by a different c'ain of transmitters ,it' t'e follo,in* additions: 0i1 7'en be 0t'e Messen*er of Alla'1 said ,it' 'is 'ands one u(on t'e ot'er: Aill t'em 0,'o stand in your ,ay1&&&& 0ii1 7'ey 0t'e Ansar1 re(lied: ;e said so+ Messen*er of Alla'F @e said: ;'at is my nameG I am but Alla''s bondman and @is Messen*er&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;9>:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abdulla' b& )aba' ,'o said: ;e came to Mu'a,iya b& Abu 8ufyan as a de(utation and Abu @uraira ,as amon* us& Eac' of us ,ould (re(are food for 'is com(anions turn by turn for a day& 0Accordin*ly1 ,'en it ,as my turn I said: Abu @uraira+ it is my turn today& 8o t'ey came to my (lace& 7'e food ,as not yet ready+ so I said to Abu @uraira: I ,is' you could narrate to us a tradition from t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 until t'e food ,as ready& 0Com(lyin* ,it' my re/uest1 Abu @uraira said: ;e ,ere ,it' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 on t'e day of t'e Con/uest of Mecca& @e a((ointed A'alid b& ;alid as commander of t'e ri*'t flank+ Jubair as commander of t'e left flank+ and Abu 'Cbaida as commander of t'e foot-soldiers 0,'o ,ere to ad-ance1 to t'e interior of t'e -alley& @e 0t'en1 said: Abu @uraira+ call t'e Ansar to me& 8o I called out to t'em and t'ey came 'urriedly& @e said: 5 ye Assembly of t'e Ansaar+ do you see t'e ruffians of t'e Durais'G 7'ey said: Hes& @e said: 8ee+ ,'en you meet t'em tomorro,+ ,i(e t'em out& @e 'inted at t'is ,it' 'is 'and+ (lacin* 'is ri*'t 'and on 'is left and said: Hou ,ill meet us at as-8afa'& 0Abu @uraira continued1: ;'oe-er ,as seen by t'em t'at day ,as (ut to deat'& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ascended t'e mount of as-8afa'& 7'e Ansar also came t'ere and surrounded t'e mount& 7'en came Abu 8ufyan and said: Messen*er ot Alla'+ t'e Durais' 'a-e (eris'ed& Bo member of t'e Durais' tribe ,ill sur-i-e t'is day& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: ;'o enters t'e 'ouse of Abu 8afyin ,ill be safe+ ,'o lays do,n arms ,ill be safe+ ,'o locks 'is door ,ill be safe& 0some of1 t'e Ansar said: 0After all1 t'e man 'as been s,ayed by tenderness to,ards 'is family and lo-e for 'is city& At t'is+ Di-ine ins(iration descended u(on t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& @e said: Hou ,ere sayin* t'at t'e man 'as been s,ayed by tenderness to,ards 'is family and lo-e for 'is city& Do you kno, ,'at my name isG I am Mu'ammad+ t'e bondman of Eod and @is Messen*er& 0@e re(eated t'is t'rice&1 I left my nati-e (lace for t'e take of Alla' and >oined you& 8o I ,ill li-e ,it' you and die ,it' you& Bo, t'e Ansar said: =y Eod+ ,e said 0t'at1 only out of our *reed for Alla' and @is Messen*er& @e said: Alla' and @is A(ostle testify to you and acce(t your a(olo*y&

C$'*!"/ ;1: R"4o7', o% !$" &(o,5 %/o4 !$" 7&2& &!. o% !$" K''+'
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;9?:
It 'as been narrated by Ibn Abdulla' ,'o said: 7'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 entered Mecca& 7'ere ,ere t'ree 'undred and si.ty idols around t'e Aa'ba& @e be*an to t'rust t'em ,it' t'e
Book 19 - $% ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

stick t'at ,as in 'is 'and sayin*:: 7rut' 'as come and false'ood 'as -anis'ed& #oF false'ood ,as destined to -anis': 0.-ii& 61& 7rut' 'as arri-ed+ and false'ood can neit'er create anyt'in* from t'e be*innin* nor can It restore to life

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;9@:
7'is tradition 'as been narrated by Ibn Abu Ba>a' t'rou*' a different c'ain of transmitters u( to t'e ,ord: Ja'a/a+ 07'is -ersion1 does not contain t'e second -erse and substitutes 8anam for Busub 0bot' t'e ,ords mean: idol: or: ima*e: t'at is ,ors'i((ed1&

C$'*!"/ ;:: No <1/'&5$&!" -&,, +" #&,,"( +o1 ( $' ( ' ( %oo! '%!"/ !$" 2o <1"5! o% M"22'
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9;99:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abdulla' b& Muti' ,'o 'eard from 'is fat'er and said: I 'eard t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 say on t'e day of t'e Con/uest of Mecca: Bo Durais'ite ,ill be killed 'ound 'and and foot from t'is day until t'e Day of >ud*ment&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9988:
7'e same tradition 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Jakriyya t'rou*' t'e same c'ain of transmitters ,it' t'e follo,in* addition:: Bo rebellious Durais'ite ,it' al-Asi as 'is name embraced Islam t'at day e.ce(t Muti& @is name-,as al-Asi+ but t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0,ay (eace be u(on 'im1 c'an*ed 'is name to Muti&

C$'*!"/ ;;: T$" !/"'!. o% H1('&+&.'
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9981:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of al-=ara' b& 'A?ib ,'o said: 'Ali b& Abu 7alib (enned t'e treaty bet,een t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and t'e (olyt'eists on t'e Day of @udaibiya& @e ,rote: 7'is is ,'at Mu'ammad+ t'e Messen*er of Alla'+ 'as settled& 7'ey 0t'e (olyt'eists1 said: Do not ,rite ,ords: t'e Messen*er of Alla':& If ,e kne, t'at you ,ere t'e Messen*er of Alla'+ ,e ,ould not fi*'t a*ainst you& 7'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said to 'Ali: 8trike out t'ese ,ords& @e 0Ali1 said: I am not *oin* to strike t'em out& 8o t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 struck t'em out ,it' 'is o,n 'and& 7'e narrator said t'at t'e conditions u(on ,'ic' t'e t,o sides 'ad a*reed included t'at t'e Muslims ,ould enter Mecca 0ne.t year1 and ,ould stay t'ere for t'ree days+ and t'at t'ey ,ould not enter bearin* arms e.ce(t in t'eir s'eat's or bolsters&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 998::
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu Is'a/+ ,'o 'eard =ars' b& A?ib say: ;'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 made (eace ,it' t'e (eo(le of @udaibiya+ 'Ali dre, u( t'e a*reement bet,een t'em+ and so 'e ,rote: Mu'ammad+ t'e Messen*er of Alla'& 07'is is follo,ed

Book 19 - $" ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

by t'e same ,ordin* as ,e 'a-e in t'e (re-ious tradition e.ce(t t'e omission of t'e ,ords: 7'is is ,'at 'e 'as settled&1

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 998;:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of =ara' ,'o said: ;'en t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,as c'ecked from *oin* to t'e Aa'ba+ t'e (eo(le of Mecca made (eace ,it' 'im'on t'e condition t'at 'e ,ould 0be allo,ed to1 enter Mecca 0ne.t year1 and stay t'ere for t'ree days+ t'at 'e ,ould not enter 0t'e city1 e.ce(t ,it' s,ords in t'eir s'eat's and arms encased in t'eir co-ers+ t'at 'e ,ould not take e,ay ,it' 'im anyone from its d,ellers+ nor ,ould 'e (re-ent anyone from t'ose ,it' 'im to stay on in Mecca 0if 'e so desired1& @e said to 'Ali: ;rite do,n t'e terms settled bet,een us& 08o 'Ali ,rote1: In t'e name of Alla'+ most Eracious and most Merciful& 7'is is ,'at Mu'ammad+ t'e Messen*er of Alla'+ 'as settled 0,it' t'e Meccans1+ 7'e (olyt'eists said to 'im: If ,e kne, t'at t'ou art t'e Messen*er of of Alla'+ ,e ,ould follo, you& =ut ,rite: Mu'ammad b& 'Abdulla'& 8o 'e told 'Ali to strike out t'ese ,ords& 'Ali said: Bo+ by Alla'+ I ,ill not strike t'em out& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may 2eace be u(on 'im1 said: 8'o, me t'eir (lace 0on t'e (arc'ment1& 8o 'e 0'Ali1 s'o,ed 'im t'eir (lace and 'e 0t'e @oly 2ro('et1 struck t'em out< and 'Ali ,rote: Ibn 'Abdulla'& 0Accordin* to t'e terms of t'e treaty+ ne.t year1 t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 stayed t'ere for t'ree days ;'en it ,as t'e t'ird day+ t'ey said to 'Ali: 7'is is t'e last day accordin* to t'e terms of your com(anion& 8o tell 'im to lea-e& 'Ali informed t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 accordin*ly& @e said: Hes+ and left 0t'e city1& Ibn 3anab in 'is -ersion of t'e tradition used:: ,e ,ould s,ear alle*iance to you: instead of: ,e ,ould follo, you:&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9989:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas t'at t'e Durais' made (eace ,it' t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& Amon* t'em ,as 8u'ail b& Amr& 7'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said to 'Ali: ;rite: In t'e name of Alla'+ most Eracious and most Merciful&: 8u'ail said: As for: =ismilla'+: ,e do not kno, ,'at is meant by: =ismilla'-ir-)a'man-ir-)a'im: 0In t'e name of Alla' most Eracious and most Merciful1& =ut ,rite ,'at ,e understand+ i& e& =i ismika alla'umma 0in t'y name& 5 Alla'1& 7'en+ t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: ;rite:: 9rom Mu'ammad+ t'e Messen*er of Alla'&: 7'ey said: If ,e kne, t'at t'ou ,elt t'e Messen*er of Alla'+ ,e ,ould follo, you& 7'erefore+ ,rite your name and t'e name of your fat'er& 8o t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: ;rite: 9rom Mu'ammad b& 'Abdulla'&: 7'ey laid t'e condition on t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 t'at anyone ,'o >oined t'em from t'e Muslims+ t'e Meccans ,ould not return 'im+ and anyone ,'o >oined you 0t'e Muslims1 from t'em+ you ,ould send 'im back to t'em& 7'e Com(anions said: Messen*er of Alla'+ s'ould ,e ,rite t'isG @e said: Hes& 5ne ,'o *oes a,ay from us to >oin t'em-may Alla' kee( 'im a,ayF and one ,'o comes to >oin us from t'em 0and is sent back1 Alla' ,ill (ro-ide 'im relief and a ,ay of esca(e&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 998=:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu ;a'il ,'o said: 8a'al b& @unaif stood u( on t'e Day of 8iffin and said: 5 ye (eo(le+ blame yoursel-es 0for ,ant of discretion1 < ,e ,ere ,it' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 on t'e Day of @udaibiya& If ,e 'ad t'ou*'t it fit to fi*'t+ ,e could fi*'t& 7'is ,as in t'e truce bet,een t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and t'e (olyt'eists& Cmar b& A'attab came+ a((roac'ed t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and said: Messen*er of Alla'+ aren't ,e fi*'tin* for trut' and t'ey for false'oodG @e re(lied: =y all means& @e asked: Are not t'ose killed from our side in 2aradise and t'ose killed& from t'eir side in t'e 9ireG @e re(lied: Hes& @e said: 7'en ,'y s'ould ,e (ut a blot u(on our reli*ion and return+ ,'ile Alla' 'as
Book 19 - $& ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

not decided t'e issue bet,een t'em and oursel-esG @e said: 8on of A'attab+ I am t'e Messen*er of Alla'& Alla' ,ill ne-er ruin me& 07'e narrator said1: Cmar ,ent a,ay+ but 'e could not contain 'imself ,it' ra*e& 8o 'e a((roac'ed Abu =akr and said: 'Abu =akr+ aren't ,e fi*'tin* for trut' and t'ey for false'oodG @e re(lied: Hes& @e asked: Aren't t'ose killed from our side in 2aradise and t'ose killed from t'eir side in t'e 9ireG @e re(lied: ;'y notG @e 0t'en1 said: ;'y s'ould ,e t'en dis*race our reli*ion and return ,'ile Eod 'as not yet decided t'e issue bet,een t'em and oursel-esG Abu =akr said: 8on of A'attab+ -erily+ 'e is t'e Messen*er of Alla'+ and Alla' ,ill ne-er ruin 'im& 07'e narrator continued1: At t'is 0a 8ura of1 t'e Dur'an 0*i-in* *lad tidin*s of t'e -ictory1 ,as re-ealed to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& @e sent for Cmar and made 'im read it& @e asked: Is 0t'is truce1 a -ictoryG @e 0t'e Messen*er of Alla'1 re(lied: Hes& At t'is Cmar ,as (leased+ and returned&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 998>:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 8'a/i/ ,'o said: I 'eard 8a'l b& @unaif say at 8iffin: 5 ye (eo(le+ find fault ,it' your 0o,n1 discretion& =y Alla'+ on t'e Day of Abu 3andal 0i& e& t'e day of @udaibiya1+ I t'ou*'t to myself t'at+ if I could+ I ,ould re-erse t'e order of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 0t'e terms of t'e truce bein* un(alatable1& =y Alla'+ ,e 'a-e ne-er 'un* our s,ords on our s'oulders in any situation ,'atsoe-er e.ce(t ,'en t'ey made easy for us to realise t'e *oal en-isa*ed by us+ but t'is battle of yours 0seems to be an e.ce(tion1& Ibn Bumair 0in 'is -ersion1 did not mention t'e ,ords:: In any situatina ,'atsoe-er:

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 998?:
7'e same tradition 'as been narrated t'rou*' a different c'ain of transmitters on t'e aut'ority of A'mas'& 7'is -ersion contains t'e ,ords: Ila amrin yof?i'una instead of Ila amrin na'rifu'u&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 998@:
It 'as been narrated t'rou*' a different c'ain of transmitters on t'e aut'ority of Abu ;a'il ,'o said: I 'eard 8a'l b& @unaif say at 8iffin: =lame 0t'e 'ollo,ness1 of your -ie,s about your reli*ion& I t'ou*'t to myself on t'e day of Abu 3andal t'at if I could turn do,n t'e order of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ I ,ould& 7'e situation ,as so difficult t'at if ,e mended it at one (lace+ it ,as rent at anot'er&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9989:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas b& Malik ,'o said: ;'en t'ey 0Com(anions of t'e @oly 2ro('et1 ,ere o-er,'elmed ,it' *rief and distress on 'is return from @udaibiya ,'ere 'e 'ad slau*'tered 'is sacrificial beasts 0not bein* allo,ed to (roceed to Mecca1+ t'e Dur'anic -erse: Inna fata'na&&& laka fat'an mobinan to fau?an 'a?iman+ ,as re-ealed to 'im& 0At t'is1 'e said: 5n me 'as descended a -erse t'at is dearer to me t'an t'e ,'ole ,orld&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9918:
7'is tradition 'as been narrated t'rou*' a different c'ain of transmitters&

Book 19 - $# ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

C$'*!"/ ;9: K""*& 3 ' 2o7" ' !
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9911:
It 'as been re(orted on t'e aut'ority of @udbaifa b& al-Haman ,'o said: Bot'in* (re-ented me from bein* (resent atF 'e =attle of =adr e.ce(t t'is incident& I came out ,it' my fat'er @usail 0to (artici(ate in t'e =attle1+ but ,e ,ere cau*'t by t'e disbelie-ers of Durais'& 7'ey said: 0Do1 you intend to *o to Mu'ammadG ;e said: ;e do not intend to *o to 'im+ but ,e ,is' to *o 0back1 to Medina& 8o t'ey took from us a co-enant in t'e name of Eod t'at ,e ,ould turn back to Medina and ,ould not fi*'t on t'e side of Mu'ammad 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& 8o+ ,e came to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and related t'e incident to 'im& @e said: =ot'+ of you (roceed 0to Medina1 < ,e ,ill fulfil t'e co-enant made ,it' t'em and seek Eod's 'el( a*ainst t'em&

C$'*!"/ ;=: T$" +'!!," o% A$D'+ o/ !$" +'!!," o% !$" (&!2$
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 991::
It 'as been narrated by Ibra'im al-7aimi on t'e aut'ority of 'is fat'er ,'o said: ;e ,ere sittin* in t'e com(any of @ud'aifa& A man said: If I ,ere in t'e time of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ I ,ould 'a-e fou*'t by 'is side and ,ould 'a-e stri-en 'ard for 'is causes& @ud'aifa said: Hou mi*'t 'a-e done t'at+ 0but you s'ould not make a flouris' of your ent'usiasm1& I ,as ,it' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 on t'e ni*'t of t'e =attle of Ab?ib and ,e ,ere *ri((ed by a -iolent ,ind and se-ere cold& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be 'im1 said: @ark+ t'e man ,'o 0*oes reconnoitrin* and1 brin*s me t'e ne,s of t'e enemy s'all be ranked ,it' me on t'e Day of 3ud*ment by Alla' 0t'e Elorious and E.alted1& ;e all ke(t /uiet and none of us res(oned to 'im& 0A*ain1 'e said: @ark+ a man ,'o 0*oes reconnoitrin* and1 brin*s me t'e ne,s of t'e enemy s'all be ranked ,it' me on t'e Day of 3ud*ment by Alla' 0t'e Elorious and E.alted1& ;e ke(t /uiet and none of us res(onded to 'im& @e a*ain said: @ark+ a man ,'o 0*oes reconnoitrin* and1 brin*s me t'e ne,s of t'e enemy s'all be ranked ,it' me on t'e Day of 3ud*tuent by Alla' 0t'e Elorious and E.alted1 7'en 'e said: Eet u( @ud'aifa+ brin* me t'e ne,s of t'e enemy& ;'en 'e called me by name I 'ad no alternati-e but to *et u(& @e said: Eo and brin* me information about t'e enemy+ and do not'in* t'at may (ro-oke t'em a*ainst me& ;'en I left 'im+ I felt ,arm as if I ,ere ,alkin* in a 'eated bat' untill I reac'ed t'em& I sa, Abu 8ufyan ,armin* 'is back a*ainst fire I (ut an arro, in t'e middle of t'e bo,& intendin* to s'oot at 'im+ ,'en I recalled t'e ,ords of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1: Do not (ro-oke t'em a*ainst me&: @ad I s'ot at 'im+ I ,ould 'a-e 'it 'im& =ut I returned and 0felt ,arm as if1 I ,ere ,alkin* in a 'eated bat' 0'ammam1& 2resentin* myself before 'im+ I *a-e 'im information about t'e enemy& ;'en I 'ad done so+ I be*an to feel cold+ so t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,ra((ed me in a blanket t'at 'e 'ad in e.cess to 'is o,n re/uirement and ,it' ,'ic' 'e used to co-er 'imself ,'ile sayin* 'is (rayers& 8o I continued to slee( until it ,as mornin*& ;'en it ,as mornin* 'e said: Eet u(+ 5 'ea-y slee(er&

Book 19 - $' ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

C$'*!"/ ;>: T$" +'!!," o% U$1(
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 991;:
It 'as been re(orted on t'e aut'ority of Anas b& Malik t'at 0,'en t'e enemy *ot t'e u((er 'and1 on t'e day of t'e =attle of C'ud+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,as left ,it' only se-en men from t'e ansar and t,o men from t'e Durais'& ;'en t'e enemy ad-anced to,ards 'im and o-er,'elmed 'im+ 'e said: ;'oso turns t'em a,ay from us ,ill attain 2aradise or ,ill be my Com(anion in 2aradise& A man from t'e Ansar came for,ard and fou*'t 0t'e enemy1 until 'e ,as killed& 7'e enemy ad-anced and o-er,'elmed 'im a*ain and 'e re(eated t'e ,ords: ;'oso turns t'em a,ay+ from us ,ill attain 2aradise or ,ill be my Com(anion in 2aradise& A man from t'e Arsar came for,ard and fou*'t until 'e ,as killed& 7'is state continued until t'e se-en Ansar ,ere killed 0one after t'e ot'er1& Bo,+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said to 'is t,o Com(anions: ;e 'a-e not done >ustice to our Com(anions&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9919:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abd-ul-'A?i? b& Abu @a?im+ ,'o learnt from 'is fat'er 0Abu @a?im1& 7'e latter 'eard it from 8a'l b& 8a'd ,'o ,as asked about t'e in>ury ,'ic' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 *ot on t'e day of t'e =attle of C'ud& @e said: 7'e face of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,as in>ured+ 'is front teet' ,ere dama*ed and 'is 'elmet ,as crus'ed& 9atima+ t'e dau*'ter of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ ,as ,as'in* t'e blood 0from 'is 'ead1+ and 'Ali b& Abu 7alib ,as (ourin* ,ater on it from a s'ield& ;'en 9atima sa, t'at t'e bleedin* 'ad increased on account of 0(ourin*1 ,ater 0on t'e ,ound1+ s'e took a (iece of mat and burnt it until it ,as reduced to as'es& 8'e (ut t'e as'es on t'e ,ound and t'e bleedin* sto((ed&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 991=:
It 'as been re(orted on t'e aut'ority of Abu @a?im ,'o 'eard from 8a'l b& 8a'd& 7'e latter ,as asked about t'e in>ury of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& @e said: =y Eod+ I kno, t'e (erson ,'o ,as'ed t'e ,ound of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ ,'o (oured ,ater on it and ,it' ,'at t'e ,ound ,as treated& 7'en 8a'l narrated t'e same tradition as 'as been narrated by 'Abd al-'A?l? e.ce(t t'at 'e added t'e ,ords:: And 'is face ,as in>ured: and re(laced t'e ,ord: @us'imat: by: Ausirat: 0i& e& it ,as broken1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 991>:
7'e same tradition 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 8a'l b& 8a'd t'rou*' a different c'ain of transmitters ,it' a sli*'t difference in t'e ,ordin*&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 991?:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'ad 'is front teet' dama*ed on t'e day of t'e =attle of C'ud+ and *ot a ,ound on 'is 'ead& @e ,as ,i(in* t'e blood 0from 'is face1 and ,as sayin*: @o, ,ill t'ese (eo(le attain sal-ation ,'o 'a-e ,ounded t'eir 2ro('et and broken 'is toot' ,'ile 'e called t'em to,ards EodG At t'is time+ Eod+ t'e E.alted and Elorious+ re-ealed t'e %erse:: 7'ou 'ast no aut'ority: 0iii& 12 1&

Book 19 - $9 ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 991@:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 'Abdulla' ,'o said: It a((eared to me as if I sa, t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 0and 'eard 'im1 relate t'e story of a 2ro('et ,'o 'ad been beaten by 'is (eo(le+ ,as ,i(in* t'e blood from 'is face and ,as sayin*& My #ord+ for*i-e my (eo(le+ for t'ey do not kno,&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9919:
A -ersion of t'e tradition ,it' a sli*'tly different ,ordin* 'as been narrated by anot'er c'ain of transmitters&

C$'*!"/ ;?: W/'!$ o% A,,'$ 1*o ' *"/5o -$o &5 #&,,"( +. !$" */o*$"! $&45",% (4'. *"'2" +" 1*o $&4)
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99:8:
It 'as been narrated by @ammam b& Munabbi' ,'o said: 7'is is ,'at 'as been related to us by Abu @uraira from t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& 0;it' t'is introduction1 'e narrated a number of traditions& 5ne of t'ese ,as t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: Ereat is t'e ,rat' of Alla' u(on a (eo(le ,'o 'a-e done t'is to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ and 'e ,as at t'at time (ointin* to 'is front teet'& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 also said: Ereat is t'e ,rat' of Alla' u(on a (erson ,'o 'as been killed by t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 in t'e ,ay of Alla'+ t'e E.alted and Elorious&

C$'*!"/ ;@: T$" *"/5"21!&o o% !$" $o,. */o*$"! (4'. *"'2" +" 1*o $&4) '! !$" $' (5 o% !$" & %&(",5 ' ( $.*o2/&!"5
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99:1:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ibn Mas'ud ,'o said: ;'ile t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,as sayin* 'is (rayer near t'e Aa'ba and Abu 3a'l ,it' 'is com(anions ,as sittin* 0near by1+ Abu 3a'l said+ referrin* to t'e s'e-camel t'at 'ad been slau*'tered t'e (re-ious day: ;'o ,ill rise to fetc' t'e foetus of t'e s'e-camel of so and so+ and (lace it bet,een t'e s'oulders of Mu'ammad ,'en 'e *oes do,n in (rostration 0a (osture in (rayer1& 7'e one most accursed amon* t'e (eo(le *ot u(+ brou*'t t'e foetus and+ ,'en t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,ent do,n in (rostration+ (laced it bet,een 'is s'oulders& 7'en t'ey lau*'ed at 'im and some of t'em leaned u(on t'e ot'ers ,it' lau*'ter& And I stood lookin*& If I 'ad t'e (o,er+ I ,ould 'a-e t'ro,n it a,ay from t'e back of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& 7'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'ad bent do,n 'is 'ead in (rostration and did not raise it+ until a man ,ent 0to 'is 'ouse1 and informed 0'is dau*'ter1 9atima+ ,'o ,as a youn* *irl 0at t'at time1 0about t'is u*ly incident1& 8'e came and remo-ed 0t'e filt'y t'in*1 from 'im& 7'en s'e turned to,ards t'em rebukin* t'em 0t'e misc'iefmon*ers1& ;'en t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'ad finis'ed 'is (rayer+ 'e in-oked Eod's
Book 19 - %( ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

im(recations u(on t'em in a loud -oice& ;'en 'e (rayed+ 'e (rayed t'rice+ and ,'en 'e asked for Eod's blessin*s+ 'e asked t'rice& 7'en 'e said t'rice: 5 Alla'+ it is for 7'ee to deal ,it' t'e Durais'& ;'en t'ey 'eard 'is -oice+ lau*'ter -anis'ed from t'em and t'ey feared 'is malediction& 7'en 'e said: 5 Eod+ it is for 7'ee to deal ,it' Abu 3a'l b& @is'am+ 'Ctba b& )abi'a+ 8'aiba b& )abi'a& ;alid b& C/ba+ Cmayya b& A'alaf+ C/ba b& Abu Mu'ait 0and 'e mentioned t'e name of t'e se-ent' (erson& ,'ic' I did not remember1& =y 5ne ;'o sent Mu'ammad ,it' trut'+ I sa, 0all1 t'ose 'e 'ad named lyin* slain on t'e Day of =adr& 7'eir dead bodies ,ere dra**ed to be t'ro,n into a (it near t'e battlefield& Abu Is'i/ 'ad said t'at t'e name of ;alid b& 'C/ba 'as been ,ron*ly mentioned in t'is tradition&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99:::
It 'as been narrated by Abdulla' 0b& Mas'ud1 ,'o said: ;'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,as lyin* (ostrate in (rayer and around 'im ,ere some (eo(le from t'e Durais'+ 'C/ba b& Abu Mu'ait brou*'t t'e foetus of a s'e-camel and t're, it on t'e back of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& @e did not raise 'is 'ead until 9atima arri-ed+ remo-ed it from 'is back and cured 'im ,'o 'ad done t'at 0u*ly act1& @e said: 5 Alla'+ it is for 7'ee to deal ,it' t'e c'iefs of t'e Durais'& Abu 3a'l b& @is'am+ 'Ctba b& )abi'a& C/ba b& Abu Mu'ait+ 8'aiba b& )abi'a+ Cmayya b& A'alaf or Cbayy b& A'alaf 08'u'ba+ one of t'e narrator of t'is tradition is in doubt about t'e e.act (erson1& I sa, t'at all ,ere slain in t'e =attle of =adr and t'eir dead bodies ,ere t'ro,n into a ,ell+ e.ce(t t'at of Cmayya or Cbayy ,'ic' ,as cut into (ieces and ,as t'ro,n into t'e ,ell&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99:;:
Abu Is'i/ 'as narrated a similar tradition t'rou*' a different c'ain of transmitters and 'as added: @e 0t'e Messen*er of Alla'1 lo-ed to re(eat t'e su((lication t'rice& @e ,as sayin*: 5 Alla'+ it is for 7'ee to deal ,it' t'e Durais' 0re(eatin* t'ese ,ords t'rice1& And amon* t'e Durais'+ 'e mentioned 0t'e names of1 al-;alid b& 'Ctba and Cmayya b& A'alaf& 07'e narrator says t'ere is no doubt about t'e names of t'ese (ersons but 'e 'as for*otten t'e name of t'e se-ent' man1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99:9:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 'Abdulla' t'at+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 turned 'is face to,ards t'e Aa'ba and in-oked Eod's im(recations u(on si. men of t'e Durais'+ amori* ,'om ,ere Abu 3a'l& Cmayya b& A'alaf+ Ctba b& )abi'a+ 8'aiba b& )abi'a and 'C/ba b& Abu Mu'ait I s,ear by Eod t'at I sa, t'em lyin* slain in t'e battlefield of =adr& It bein* a 'ot day+ t'eir com(le.ion 'ad c'an*ed 0s'o,in* si*ns of decay1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99:=:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 'A'is'a+ t'e ,ife of t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ ,'o said to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace 'e u(on 'im1: Messen*er of Alla'+ 'as t'ere come u(on you a day more terrible t'an t'e day of Cbud& @e said: I 'a-e e.(erienced from t'y (eo(le and t'e 'ardest treatment I met from t'em ,as ,'at I recei-ed from t'em on t'e day of 'A/aba& I betook myself to Ibn Abd Halil b& Abd Aulal ,it' t'e (ur(ose of in-itin* 'im to Islam+ but 'e did not res(ond to me as I desired& 8o I de(arted ,it' si*ns of 0dee(1 distress on my face& I did not reco-er until I reac'ed Darn al-7'a'alib& ;'ere I raised my 'ead+ loF near me ,as a cloud ,'ic' 'ad cast its s'ado, on me& I looked and loF t'ere ,as in it t'e an*el 3ibril ,'o called out to me and said&: Eod& t'e @onoured and Elorious+ 'as 'eard ,'at t'y (eo(le 'a-e said to t'ee+ and 'o, t'ey 'a-e reacted to t'y
Book 19 - %1 ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

call& And @e 'as sent to t'ee t'e an*el in c'ar*e of t'e mountains so t'at t'ou mayest order 'im ,'at t'ou ,is'est 0'im to do1 ,it'+ re*ard to t'em& 7'e an*el in c'ar*e of t'e mountains 0t'en1 called out to me+ *reeted me and said: Mu'ammad+ Eod 'as listened to ,'at t'y (eo(le 'a-e said to t'ee& I am t'e an*el in c'ar*e of t'e mountains& and t'y #ord 'as sent me to t'ee so t'at t'ou mayest order me ,'at t'ou ,is'est& If t'ou ,is'est t'at I s'ould brin* to*et'er t'e t,o mountains t'at stand o((osite to eac' ot'er at t'e e.tremities of Mecca to crus' t'em in bet,een+ 0I ,ould do t'at1& =ut t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace 'e u(on 'im1 said to 'im: I rat'er 'o(e t'at Eod ,ill (roduce from t'eir descendants suc' (ersons as ,ill ,ors'i( Alla'+ t'e 5ne+ and ,ill not ascribe (artners to @im&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99:>:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 3undub b& 8ufyan ,'o said: A fin*er of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,as ,ounded in one of t'e encounters @e said: 7'ou art >ust a little fin*er ,'ic' 'as bled+ and ,'at t'ou 'ast e.(erienced is in t'e cause of Alla'&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99:?:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of As,ad b& Dais ,'o said: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,as in a ca-e 0or raid1 ,'en 'is fin*er ,as 'urt&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99:@:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of As,ad b& Dais ,'o 'eard 3undub sayin* t'at Eabriel delayed 'is -isit to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 7'e (olyt'eists be*an to say t'at Mu'ammad 'as been forsaken& At t'is Alla'+ t'e Elorious and E.alted+ re-ealed:: ;a'dd 'd ,a'l-laili i?a sa>a+ ma ,adda'ka )abbuka ,a' ma /ala: L=y t'e *lorious mornin* li*'t+ and by t'e ni*'t ,'en it is still: t'y #ord 'as not forsaken t'ee+ nor is @e dis(leasedM&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99:9:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of As,ad b& Dais ,'o said: I 'eard 3undub b& 8ufyan say: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 fell ill and did not ,ake u( for t,o or t'ree ni*'ts 0for (rayers1 A ,oman came to 'im and said: Mu'ammad+ I 'o(e t'at your satan 'as left you& I 'a-en't seen 'im a((roac' you for t,o or t'ree ni*'ts& 7'e narrator says: At t'is+ Alla'+ t'e Elorious and E.alted+ re-ealed:: =y t'e Elorious&&&&&&:

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99;8:
7'is 'adit' 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of As,ad b& Dais ,it' t'e same c'ain of transmitters&

Book 19 - % ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

C$'*!"/ ;9: A+o1! !'" $o,. */o*$"!'5 (4'. *"'2" +" 1*o $&4) 2',,& 3 %o/ A,,'$'5 $",* ' ( $&5 *'!&" 2" o7"/ !$" *"/5"21!&o o% !$" $.*o2/&!"5
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99;1:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Csama b& Jaid t'at t'e 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 rode a donkey& It 'ad on it a saddle under ,'ic' ,as a mattress made at 9adak 0a (lace near Medina1& =e'ind 'im 'e seated Csama& @e ,as *oin* to t'e street of =anu @arit' al-A'a?ra> to in/uire after t'e 'ealt' of 8a'd b& Cbada 7'is 'a((ened before t'e =attle of =adr& 0@e (roceeded1 until 'e (assed by a mi.ed com(any of (eo(le in ,'ic' ,ere Muslims+ (olyt'eists+ idol ,ors'i((ers and t'e 3e,s and amon* t'em ,ere 'Abdulla' b& Cbayy and 'Abdulla' b& )a,a'a& ;'en t'e dust raised by t'e 'oofs of t'e animal s(read o-er t'e com(any+ 'Abdulla' b& Cbayy co-ered 'is nose ,it' 'is mantle and said: Do not scatter t'e dust o-er us 0Bot mindin* t'is remark1+ t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 *reeted t'em+ sto((ed+ *ot do,n from 'is animal+ in-ited t'em to Alla'+ and recited to t'em t'e Dur'an& 'Abdulla' b& Cbayy said: 5 man+ if ,'at you say is t'e trut'+ t'e best t'in* for you ,ould be not to bot'er us ,it' it in our assemblies& Eet back to your (lace& ;'oso comes to you from us+ tell 'im 0all1 t'is& Abdulla' b& )a,a'a said: Come to us in our *at'erin*s+ for ,e lo-e 0to 'ear1 it& 7'e narrator says: 0At t'is1+ t'e Muslims+ t'e (olyt'eists and t'e 3e,s be*an to rebuke one anot'er until t'ey ,ere determined to come to blo,s& 7'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 continued to (acify t'em& 0;'en t'ey ,ere (acified1+ 'e rode 'is animal and came to 8a'd b& 'Cbida& @e said: 8a'd+ 'a-en't you 'eard ,'at Abu @ubab 0meanin* 'Abdulla' b& Cbayy1 'as saidG @e 'as said so and so& 8a'd said: Messen*er of Alla'+ for*i-e and (ardon& Eod 'as *ranted you a sublime (osition+ 0but so far as 'e is concerned1 t'e (eo(le of t'is settlement 'ad-decided to make 'im t'eir kin* by makin* 'im ,ear a cro,n and a turban 0in token t'ereof1+ but Eod 'as circum-ented t'is by t'e trut' @e 'as *ranted you& 7'is 'as made 'im >ealous and 'is >ealousy 0must 'a-e1 (rom(ted t'e be'a-iour t'at you 'a-e ,itnessed& 8o+ t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace u(on 'im1 for*a-e 'im&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99;::
A similar tradition 'as been narrated t'rou*' a different c'ain of transmitters by Ibn 8'i'ab ,it' t'e addition of t'e ,ords:: =efore Abdulla' 0b& Cbayy1 became a Muslim&:

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99;;:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas b& Malik t'at it ,as said to t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1: ;ould t'at you a((roac'ed Abdulla' b& Cbayy 0to (ersuade 'im to acce(t Islam1& 7'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 0accordin*ly1 ,ent to 'im+ ridin* a donkey+ and 0a (arty of1 Muslims also ,ent 0,it' 'im1& 5n t'e ,ay t'ey 'ad to ,alk o-er a (iece of land affected ,it' salinity& ;'en t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 a((roac'ed 'im+ 'e said: Do not come near me& =y Alla'+ t'e obno.ious smell of your donkey 'as offended me& 0As a re>oinder to t'is remark1+ a man from t'e Ansar said: =y Eod+ t'e smell of t'e donkey of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 is better t'an your smell& 0At t'is1+ a man from t'e tribe of 'Abdulla' *ot furious& 7'en (eo(le from bot' sides *ot furious and e.c'an*ed blo,s ,it' sticks+ 'ands and s'oes& 07'e narrator says1 t'at 0after t'is scuffle1 ,e learnt t'at 0t'e Dur'anic -erse1:: It t,o (arties of t'e =elie-ers 'a-e a /uarrel+ make ye (eace bet,een t'em: 0.li.& 91 ,as re-ealed about t'ese fi*'tin* (arties&

Book 19 - %$ ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

C$'*!"/ 98: T$" 41/("/ o% A+1 J'$,
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99;9:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas b& Malik t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said 0after t'e encounter at =adr1: ;'o ,ill ascertain for us ,'at 'as 'a((ened to Abu 3a'lG Ibn Mas'ud ,ent 0to *at'er t'is information1& @e found t'at t'e t,o sons of 'Afra' 'ad struck 'im and 'e lay cold at t'e (oint of deat'& @e cau*'t 'im by 'is beard and said: Art t'ou Abu 3a'lG @e said: is t'ere anybody su(erior to t'e (erson you 'a-e killed+ or 0'e said1 'is (eo(le 'a-e killed 'im& Ibn Mas'ud says t'at+ accordin* to Abu Mi>la?+ Abu 3a'l said: AlasF a (erson ot'er t'an a farmer ,ould 'a-e killed me&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99;=:
A similar tradition 'as been transmitted by a different c'ain of narrators+ on t'e same aut'ority ,it' a sli*'t difference In t'e ,ordin*&

C$'*!"/ 91: T$" 41/("/ o% K''+ +0 A5$/'%6 (!$" "7&, 3" &15) o% !$" C"-5
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99;>:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 3abir t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: ;'o ,ill kill Aa'b b& As'rafG @e 'as mali*ned Alla'+ t'e E.alted+ and @is Messen*er& Mu'ammad b& Maslama said: Messen*er of Alla'+ do you ,is' t'at I s'ould kill 'imG @e said: Hes& @e said: 2ermit me to talk 0to 'im in t'e ,ay I deem fit1& @e said: 7alk 0as you like1& 8o+ Mu'ammad b& Maslama came to Aa'b and talked to 'im+ referred to t'e old friends'i( bet,een t'em and said: 7'is man 0i& e& t'e @oly 2ro('et1 'as made u( 'is mind to collect c'arity 0from us1 and t'is 'as (ut us to a *reat 'ards'i(& ;'en be 'eard t'is+ Aa'b said: =y Eod+ you ,ill be (ut to more trouble by 'im& Mu'ammad b& Maslama said: Bo doubt+ no, ,e 'a-e become 'is follo,ers and ,e do not like to forsake 'im until ,e see ,'at turn 'is affairs ,ill take& I ,ant t'at you s'ould *i-e me a loan& @e said: ;'at ,ill you mort*a*eG @e said: ;'at do you ,antG @e said: 2led*e me your ,omen& @e said: Hou are t'e most 'andsome of t'e Arabs< s'ould ,e (led*e our ,omen to youG @e said: 2led*e me your c'ildren& @e said: 7'e son of one of us may abuse us sayin* t'at 'e ,as (led*ed for t,o ,as/s of dates+ but ,e can (led*e you 0cur1 ,ea(ons& @e said: All ri*'t& 7'en Mu'ammad b& Maslama (romised t'at 'e ,ould come to 'im ,it' @arit'+ Abu 'Abs b& 3abr and Abbad b& =is'r& 8o t'ey came and called u(on 'im at ni*'t& @e came do,n to t'em& 8ufyan says t'at all t'e narrators e.ce(t 'Amr 'a-e stated t'at 'is ,ife said: I 'ear a -oice ,'ic' sounds like t'e -oice of murder& @e said: It is only Mu'ammad b& Maslama and 'is foster-brot'er+ Abu Ba'ila& ;'en a *entleman is called at ni*'t e-en it to be (ierced ,it' a s(ear+ 'e s'ould res(ond to t'e call& Mu'ammad said to 'is com(anions: As 'e comes do,n+ I ,ill e.tend my 'ands to,ards 'is 'ead and ,'en I 'old 'im fast+ you s'ould do your >ob& 8o ,'en 'e came do,n and 'e ,as 'oldin* 'is cloak under 'is arm+ t'ey said to 'im: ;e sense from you a -ery fine smell& @e said: Hes+ I 'a-e ,it' me a mistress ,'o is t'e most scented of t'e ,omen of Arabia& @e said: Allo, me to smell 0t'e scent on your 'ead1& @e said: Hes+ you may smell& 8o 'e cau*'t it and smelt& 7'en 'e said: Allo, me to do so 0once a*ain1& @e t'en 'eld 'is 'ead fast and said to 'is com(anions: Do your >ob& And t'ey killed 'im&

Book 19 - %% ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

C$'*!"/ 9:: T$" +'!!," o% K$'&+'/
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99;?:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 raided A'aibar& 5ne mornin* ,e offered (rayers in t'e darkness of early da,n 0near A'aibar1& 7'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 mounted 0'is 'orse1& Abu 7al'a mounted 'is and I mounted be'ind Abu 7al'a on t'e same 'orse& 7'e 2ro('et of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 rode t'rou*' t'e streets of A'aibar and 0I rode so close to 'im1 t'at my knee touc'ed t'e t'i*' of t'e 2ro('et of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& 7'e ,ra((er *ot aside from 'is t'i*'+ and I could see its ,'iteness& ;'en 'e entered t'e to,n+ 'e said: Eod is Ereat& A'aibar s'all face destruction& ;'en ,e descend in t'e city-s/uare of a (eo(le+ it is a bad day for t'em ,'o 'a-e been ,arned 0and 'a-e not taken 'eed1& @e said t'ese ,ords t'rice& 7'e (eo(le of t'e to,n 'ad >ust come out from 0t'eir 'ouses1 to *o about t'eir >obs& 7'ey said 0in sur(rise1: Mu'ammad 'as come& ;e ca(tured A'aibar by force&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99;@:
It 'as been narrated 0t'rou*' anot'er c'ain of transmitters1 on t'e aut'ority of t'e same narrator 0i& e& Anas1 ,'o said: I ,as ridin* be'ind Abu 7al'a on t'e day of t'e =attle of A'aibar 0and ,e ,ere ridin* so close to t'e @oly 2ro('et t'at1 my foot ,ould touc' 'is ;e encountered t'e (eo(le at sunrise ,'en t'ey 'ad come out ,it' t'eir a.es+ s(ades and strin*s dri-in* t'eir cattle alon*& 7'ey s'outed 0in sur(rise1: Mu'ammad 'as come alon* ,it' 'is forceF 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: A'aibar s'all face destruction& =e'oldF ,'en ,e descend in t'e city-s/uare of a (eo(le+ it is a bad day for t'ose ,'o 'a-e been ,arned 0but 'a-e not taken 'eed1& Alla'+ t'e Elorious and Ma>estic+ inflicted defeat u(on t'em&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99;9:
7'is 'adit' 'as been transmitted on t'e aut'ority of Anas b& Malik ,it' a sli*'t -ariation of ,ords&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9998:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 8alama b& al-Ak,a' ,'o said: ;e marc'ed u(on A'aibar ,it' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& ;e >ourneyed durin* t'e ni*'t& 5ne of t'e (eo(le said to 0my brot'er1 'Amir b& al-Ak,a': ;on't you recite to us some of your -ersesG Amir ,as a (oet& 8o 'e be*an to c'ant 'is -erses to ur*e t'e camels+ recitin*: 5 Eod+ if 7'ou 'adst not *uided us ;e ,ould 'a-e neit'er been *uided ri*'tly nor (ractised c'arity+ Bor offered (rayers& ;e ,is' to lay do,n our li-es for 7'ee< so for*i-e 7'ou our la(ses+ And kee( us steadfast ,'en ,e encounter 0our enemies1& =esto, u(on us (eace and tran/uillity& =e'old+ ,'en ,it' a cry t'ey called u(on us to 'el(& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: ;'o is t'is dri-er 0of t'e camels1G 7'ey said: It is 'Amir& @e said: Eod ,ill s'o, mercy to 'im& A man said: Martyrdom is reser-ed for 'im&
Book 19 - %" ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

Messen*er of Alla'+ ,ould t'at you 'ad allo,ed us to benefit oursel-es from 'is life& 07'e narrator says1: ;e reac'ed A'aibar and besie*ed t'em+ and 0,e continued t'e sie*e1 until e.treme 'un*er afflicted us& 7'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: =e'old+ Eod 'as con/uered it for you& ;'en it ,as e-enin* of t'e day on ,'ic' t'e city ,as con/uered& t'e Muslims lit many fires& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: ;'at are t'ese firesG And ,'at are t'ey cookin*G 7'ey said: 7'ey are cookin* meat& @e asked& ;'ic' meatG 7'ey said: 7'at of domestic asses& @e said: #et t'em t'ro, it a,ay and break t'e (ots 0in ,'ic' it is bein* cooked1& A man said: 5r s'ould t'ey t'ro, it a,ay and ,as' t'e (otsG @e said: 7'ey may do t'at& ;'en t'e (eo(le dre, t'emsel-es u( in battle array 'Amir cau*'t 'old of 'is s,ord t'at ,as rat'er s'ort @e dro-e a 3e, before 'im to strike 'im ,it' it& 0As 'e struck 'im1+ 'is s,ord recoiled and struck 'is o,n knee+ and 'Amir died of t'e ,ound& ;'en t'e (eo(le returned 0after t'e con/uest of Aliaibar1 and 'e 08alama1 'ad cau*'t 'old of my 'and+ and said: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 sa, t'at I ,as silent 0and de>ected1 < 'e said: ;'at's t'e matter ,it' t'eeG I said to 'im: My fat'er and my mot'er be t'y ransom+ (eo(le (resume t'at 'Amir's sacrifice 'as been in -ain& @e asked: ;'o 'as said t'atG I said: 8o and so and Csaid b& @udair al-Ansari& @e said: ;'o 'as said t'at 'as lied& 9or 'im 0for 'Amir1 t'ere is a double re,ard& 0@e indicated t'is by (uttin* t,o of 'is fin*ers to*et'er&1 @e ,as a de-otee of Eod and a ,arrior fi*'tin* for @is cause& 7'ere ,ill be 'ardly any Arab ,'o can fi*'t as bra-ely as 'e did& Dutaiba 'as differed in a fe, ,ords&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9991:
It 'as been re(orted on t'e aut'ority of 8alama b& Ak,a' ,'o said: 5n t'e day of t'e =attle of A'aibar my brot'er fou*'t a fierce fi*'t by t'e side of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& @is s,ord rebounded and killed 'im& 7'e Com(anions of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'ill1 talked about 'is deat' and doubted 0,'et'er it ,as martyrdom1& 07'ey said1: 0@e is1 a man killed by 'is o,n ,ea(on+ and e.(ressed doubt about 'is affair& 8alama said: ;'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 returned from A'aibar+ I said: Messen*er of Alla'+ (ermit me t'at I may recite to you some ra>a? -erses& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 (ermitted 'im& 'Cmar b& A'attab said: I kno, ,'at you ,ill recite& I recited: =y Eod+ if Eod 'ad *uided us not+ ;e ,ould 'i-e neit'er been *uided ari*'t nor (ractised c'arity+ Bor offered (rayers& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: ;'at you 'a-e said is true+ 'I 0continued1: And descend on us (eace and tran/uillity And kee( us steadfast if ,e encounter 0,it' our enemies1 And t'e (olyt'eists 'a-e rebelled a*ainst us& ;'en I finis'ed my ra>a?+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: ;'o com(osed t'ese -ersesG I said: 7'ey ,ere com(osed by my brot'er& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: May Eod s'o, mercy to 'imF I said: =y Eod+ some (eo(le are reluctant to in-oke Eod's mercy on 'im 0because1 t'ey say 'e is a man ,'o died by 'is o,n s,ord& 0@earin* t'is1 t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: @e died as Eod's de-otee and ,arrior& Ibn 8'i'ab 'as said: I asked one of t'e sons of 8alama 0b& Ak,a'1 about 0t'e deat' of 'Amir1& @e related to me a similar tradition e.ce(t t'at 'e said: ;'en I said some (eo(le ,ere reluctant in-oke Eod's blessin*s on 'im+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be+ u(on 'im said: 7'ey lied& 0'Amir1 died as Eod's de-otee and ,arrior 0in t'e cause of Alla'1& 9or 'im t'ere is a double re,ard+ and 'e (ointed out t'is by (uttin* 'is t,o fin*ers to*et'er&

Book 19 - %& ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

C$'*!"/ 9;: T$" +'!!," o% A$D'+ o/ K$' ('< (!$" !/&+"5 o/ !$" (&!2$)
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 999::
It 'as been re(orted on t'e aut'ority of =arra' ,'o said: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,as carryin* t'e eart' ,it' us on t'e Day of A'?ab and t'e ,'iteness of 'is belly 'ad been co-ered ,it' eart'& 0;'ile en*a*ed in t'is toil1 'e ,as recitin*: =y Eod+ if 7'ou 'adst not *uided us ;e ,ould 'a-e neit'er been *uided ari*'t nor (ractised c'arity+ Bor offered (rayers& Descend on us (eace and tran/uillity& =e'old I t'ese (eo(le 0t'e Meccans1 refused to follo, us& Accordin* to anot'er -ersion+ 'e recited: 7'e c'ieftains 0of t'e tribes1 refused to follo, us ;'en t'ey contem(lated misc'ief+ ,e re>ected it& And ,it' t'is 0-erse1 'e ,ould raise 'is -oice&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 999;:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu Is'a/ ,'o said: I 'eard from =ara' a similar tradition e.ce(t t'at 'e said:: 7'ese (eo(le 0t'e Meccans1 rebelled a*ainst us&:

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9999:
It 'as been re(orted on t'e aut'ority of 8a'l b& 8a'd ,'o said: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 came to us ,'ile ,e ,ere di**in* t'e ditc' and ,ere carryin* t'e eart' on our s'oulders& 08eein* our condition1+ 'e said: 5 Eod+ t'ere is no life but t'e life of t'e @ereafter& 8o for*i-e 7'ou t'e Mu'a>irs and t'e Ansar&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 999=:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas b& Malik t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: 5 Eod+ t'ere is no life+ but t'e life of t'e @ereafter+ 8o for*i-e 7'ou t'e Ansar and t'e Mu'a>irs&

Book 19 - %# ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 999>:
Accordin* to anot'er -ersion of t'e tradition+ re(orted on t'e aut'ority of Anas b& Malik+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace 'e u(on 'im1 is re(orted to 'a-e said: 5 Eod+ t'ere is no life but t'e life of t'e @ereafter+ 8o *rant 'onour to t'e Ansar and t'e Mu'a>irs&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 999?:
Accordin* to still anot'er -ersion of t'e tradition narrated by t'e same aut'ority+ and 'anded do,n t'rou*' a different c'ain of transmitters+ it 'as been re(orted t'at t'ey 0t'e Com(anions of t'e @oly 2ro('et1 ,ere recitin* ra>a? -erses and t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,as 0recitin*1 ,it' t'em& And t'ey ,ere c'antin*: 5 Eod+ t'ere is no *ood but t'e *ood of t'e @ereafter& 8o 'el( 7'ou t'e Ansar and t'e Mu'a>irs& 8'aiban substituted: 8o for*i-e 7'ou: for: 8o 'el( 7'ou:&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 999@:
It 'as been narrated 0t'rou*' a still difterent c'ain of transmitters1 by Anas t'at t'e Com(anions of Mu'ammad 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,ere c'antin* on t'e day of t'e =attle of t'e Ditc': ;e are t'ose ,'o 'a-e s,orn alle*iance to Mu'ammad 0And made a co-enant ,it' 'im1 to follo, Islam as lon* as ,e li-e& @ammad is not sure ,'et'er Anas said:: Ala'l-Islam: or+: Ala'l-3i'ad:& And t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,as c'antin*: 5 Eod+ t'e real *ood is t'e *ood of t'e @ereafter+ 8o for*i-e 7'ou t'e Ansar and t'e Mu'a>irs&

C$'*!"/ 99: D$1 E'/'( ' ( o!$"/ +'!!,"5
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 9999:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ha?id b& Abu 'Cbaid ,'o said t'at 'e 'eard 8alama b& alAk,a' say: I ,ent out before t'e Ad'an for t'e mornin* (rayer 'ad been deli-ered& 7'e milc' s'ecamels of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,ere *ra?in* at D'u Darad& 'Abd al)a'man b& Auf's sla-e met me and said: 7'e milc' s'e-camels of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'ad been taken a,ay& I said: ;'o 'as taken t'em a,ayG @e said: 0t'e (eo(le belon*in* to t'e tribe of1 E'atafan& I cried t'rice: @el(F I made t'e ,'ole city bet,een t'e t,o la-as 'ear my cry& 7'en I ran strai*'t in t'eir (ursuit until I o-ertook t'em at D'u Darad ,'ere t'ey ,ere >ust *oin* to ,ater t'eir animals& I+ bein* an arc'er+ be*an to s'oot t'em ,it' my arro,s and ,as sayin*: I am t'e son of al-Ak,a'& And today is t'e day ,'en t'e co,ards ,ill meet t'eir doom& I continued to c'ant until I rescued t'e milc' s'e-camels from t'em+ and snatc'ed from t'em t'irty mantles& Bo,+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and some ot'er (eo(le came alon*& I said: 2ro('et of Alla'+ I 'a-e (re-ented t'em from ,ater ,'ile t'ey ,ere t'irsty& 8o you s'ould send a force 0to
Book 19 - %' ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

(unis' t'em1& @e 0t'e @oly 2ro('et1 said: Ibn al-Ak,a'+ you 'a-e taken 0,'at+ you 'a-e taken1& Bo, let t'em *o& 7'en ,e returned and t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 made me mount be'ind 'im on 'is s'e-camel until ,e entered Medina&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99=8:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ibn 8alama& @e 'eard t'e tradition from 'is fat'er ,'o said: ;e arri-ed at @udaibiya ,it' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and ,e ,ere fourteen 'undred in number& 7'ere ,ere fifty *oats for t'em ,'ic' could not be ,atered 0by t'e small /uantity of ,ater in t'e local ,ell1& 8o+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 sat on t'e brink of t'e ,ell& Eit'er 'e (rayed or s(at into t'e ,ell 7'e ,ater ,elled u(& ;e drank and ,atered 0t'e beasts as ,ell1& 7'en t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 called us to take t'e -o, of alle*iance+ as 'e ,as sittin* at t'e base of a tree& I ,as t'e first man to take t'e -o,& 7'en ot'er (eo(le took t'e -o,& ;'en 'alf t'e number of (eo(le 'ad done so+ 'e said to me: Hou take t'e -o,+ 8alama& I said: I ,as one of t'ose ,'o took t'e -o, in t'e first instance& @e said: 0Hou may do1 a*ain& 7'en t'e Messen*er& of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 sa, t'at I ,as ,it'out ,ea(ons& @e *a-e me a bi* or a small s'ield& 7'en 'e continued to administer -o,s to t'e (eo(le until it ,as t'e last batc' of t'em& @e said 0to me1: ;on't you s,ear alle*iance+ 8alamaG I said: Messen*er of Alla'+ I took t'e oat' ,it' t'e first batc' of t'e (eo(le and t'en a*ain ,'en you ,ere in t'e middle of t'e (eo(le& @e said: 0Doesn't matter1+ you may 0do so1 a*ain& 8o I took t'e oat' of alle*iance t'rice& 7'en 'e said to me: 8alama+ ,'ere is t'e s'ield ,'ic' I *a-e to t'eeG I said: Messen*er of Alla'+ my uncle 'Amir met me and 'e ,as ,it'out any ,ea(ons& 8o I *a-e t'e s'ield to 'im& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 lau*'ed and said: Hou are like a (erson of t'e days *one by ,'o said: 5 Eod& I seek a friend ,'o is dearer to me t'an myself& 0;'en all Com(anions 'ad s,orn alle*iance to t'e @oly 2ro('et1+ t'e (olyt'eists sent messa*es of (eace+ until (eo(le could mo-e from our cam( to t'at of t'e Meccans and -ice -ersa& 9inally+ t'e (eace treaty ,as concluded& I ,as a de(endant of 7al'a b& Cbaidulla'& I ,atered 'is 'orse+ rubbed its back& I ser-ed 7al'a 0doin* odd >obs for 'im1 and (artook from 'is food& I 'ad left my family and my (ro(erty as an emi*rant in t'e cause of Alla' and @is Messen*er 0may (eace be uron 'im1& ;'en ,e and t'e (eo(le of Mecca 'ad concluded a (eace treaty and t'e (eo(le of one side be*an to mi. ,it' t'ose of t'e ot'er+ I came to a tree+ s,e(t a,ay its t'orns and lay do,n 0for rest1 at its base< 0,'ile I lay t'ere1+ four of t'e (olyt'eists from t'e Meccans came to me and be*an to talk ill of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& I *ot enra*ed ,it' t'em and mo-ed to anot'er tree& 7'ey 'un* t'eir ,ea(ons 0to t'e branc'es of t'e tree1 and lay do,n 0for rest1& 0;'ile t'ey lay t'ere1+ somebody from t'e lo,er (art of t'e -alley cried out: )un u(+ 5 Mu'a>irsF Ibn Junaim 'as been murdered& I dre, my s,ord and attacked t'ese four ,'ile t'ey ,ere aslee(& I sei?ed t'eir arms and collected t'em u( in my 'and+ and said: =y t'e =ein* ;'o 'as conferred 'onour u(on Mu'ammad+ none of you s'all raise 'is 'ead+ else I ,ill smite 'is face& 07'en1 I came dri-in* t'em alon* to t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& 0At t'e same time1& my uncle Amir came 0to 'im1 ,it' a man from: Abalat called Mikra?& Amir ,as dra**in* 'im on a 'orse ,it' a t'ick co-erin* on its back alon* ,it' se-enty (olyt'eists& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 cast a *lance at t'em and said: #et t'em *o 0so t'at1 t'ey may (ro-e *uilty of breac' of trust more t'an once 0before ,e take action a*ainst t'em1& 8o t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 for*a-e t'em& 5n t'is occasion& Eod re-ealed t'e Dur'anic -erse:: It is @e ;'o restrained t'eir 'ands from you and your 'ands from t'em in t'e -alley of Mecca after @e 'ad *ranted you a -ictory o-er t'em: 0.l-iii& 2!1& 7'en ,e mo-ed returnin* to Medina+ and 'alted at a (lace ,'ere t'ere ,as a mountain bet,een us and =anu #i'yan ,'o ,ere (olyt'eists& 7'e Messenaer of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 asked Eod's for*i-eness for one ,'o ascended t'e mountain at ni*'t to act as a scout for t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and 'is Com(inions& I ascended 0t'at mountain1 t,ice or t'rice t'at ni*'t& 0At last1 ,e reac'ed

Book 19 - %9 ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

Medina& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 sent 'is camels ,it' 'is sla-e+ )aba'+ and I ,as ,it' 'im& I 0also1 ,ent to t'e (asture ,it' t'e 'orse of 7al'a alon* ,it' t'e camels& ;'en t'e day da,ned+ Abd al-)a'man al-9a?ari made a raid and dro-e a,ay all t'e camels of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ and killed t'e man ,'o looked after t'em& I said: )aba'+ ride t'is 'orse+ take it to 7al'a b& 'Cbaidulla' and Inform t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 t'at t'e (olyt'eists 'a-e made a,ay ,it' 'is camels& 7'en I stood u(on a 'illock and turnin* my face to Medina+ s'outed t'rice: Come to our 'el( I 7'en I set out in (ursuit of t'e raiders+ s'ootin* at t'em ,it' arro,s and c'antin* a 0self-eulo*atory1 -erse in t'e Iambic metre: I am t'e son of al-Ak,a' And today is t'e day of defeat for t'e mean& I ,ould o-ertake a man from t'em+ s'oot at 'im an arro, ,'ic'+ (iercin* t'rou*' t'e saddle+ ,ould reac' 'is s'oulder& and I ,ould say: 7ake it+ c'antin* at t'e same time t'e -erse And I am t'e son of al-Ak,a' And tody is t'e day of defeat for t'e mean& =y Eod+ I continued s'ootin* at t'em and 'amstrin*in* t'eir animals& ;'ene-er a 'orseman turned u(on me+ I ,ould come to a tree and 0'id myself1 sittin* at its base& 7'en I ,ould s'oot at 'im and 'amstrin* 'is 'orse& 0At last1 t'ey entered a narro, mountain *or*e& I ascended t'at mountain and 'eld t'em at bay t'ro,in* stones at t'em& I continued to c'ase t'em in t'is ,ay until I *ot all t'e camels of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 released and no camel ,as left ,it' t'em& 7'ey left me< t'en I follo,ed t'em s'ootin* at t'em 0continually1 until t'ey dro((ed more t'an t'irty mantles and t'irty lances& li*'tenin* t'eir burden& 5n e-eryt'in* t'ey dro((ed+ I (ut a mark ,it' t'e 'el( of 0a (iece of1 stone so t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and 'is Com(anions mi*'t reco*nise t'em 0t'at it ,as booty left by t'e enemy1& 07'ey ,ent on1 until 7'ey came to a narro, -alley ,'en so and so+ son of =adr al-9a?ari >oined t'em& 7'ey 0no,1 sat do,n to take t'eir breakfast and I sat on t'e to( of a ta(erin* rock& Al-9a?ari said: ;'o is t'at fello, I am seein*G 7'ey said: 7'is fello, 'as 'arassed us& =y Eod+ 'e 'as not left us since dusk and 'as been 0continually1 s'ootin* at us until 'e 'as snatc'ed e-eryt'in* from our 'ands& @e said: 9our of you s'ould make a das' at 'im 0and kill 'im1& 0Accordin*ly1+ four of t'em ascended t'e mountain comin* to,ards me& ;'en it became (ossible for me to talk to t'em+ I said: Do you reco*nise meG 7'ey said: Bo& ;'o are t'ouG I said: I am 8alama+ son of al-Ak,a'& =y t'e =ein* ;'o 'as 'onoured t'e countenance of Mu'ammad 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 I can kill any of you I like but none of you ,ill be able to kill me& 5ne of t'em said: I t'ink 0'e is ri*'t1& 8o t'ey returned& I did not mo-e from my (lace until I sa, t'e 'orsemen of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ ,'o came ridin* t'rou*' t'e trees& #oF t'e foremost amon* t'em ,as Ak'ram al-Asadi& =e'ind 'im ,as Abu Datada al-Ansari and be'ind 'im ,as al-Mi/dad b& al-As,ad al-Aindi& I cau*'t 'old of t'e rein of Ak'ram's 'orse 08eein* t'is1& t'ey 0t'e raiders1 fled& I said 0to Ak'ram1: Ak'ram+ *uard yourself a*ainst t'em until Alla''s Messen*er 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and 'is Com(anions >oin you& @e said: 1 8alama+ if you belie-e In Alla' and t'e Day of 3ud*ment and 0if1 you kao, t'at 2aradise is a reality and @ell is a reality+ you s'ould not stand bet,een me and martyrdom& so I let 'im *o& Ak'ram and Abd al-)a'man 09a?ari1 met in combat& Ak'ram 'amstrun* Abd al)a'man's 'orse and t'e latter struck 'im ,it' 'is lance and killed 'im& Abd al-)abman turned about ridin* Ak'ram's 'orse& Abu Datada+ a 'orse-man of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ met 'Abd al-)a'man 0in combat1+ smote 'im ,it' 'is lance and killed 'im& =y t'e =ein* ;'o 'onoured t'e countenance of Mu'ammad 0may (eace oe u(on 'im1+ I follo,ed t'em runnin* on my feet 0so fast1 t'at I couldn't see be'ind me t'e Com(anions of Mu'ammad 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ nor any dust raised by t'eir 'orses& 0I follo,ed t'em1 until before sunset t'ey reac'ed a -alley ,'ic' 'ad a s(rin* of ,ater+ ,'ic' ,as called D'u Darad+ so t'at t'ey could 'a-e a drink+ for t'ey ,ere
Book 19 - "( ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

t'irsty& 7'ey sa, me runnin* to,ards t'em& I turned t'em out of t'e -alley before t'ey could drink a dro( of its ,ater& 7'ey left t'e -alley and ran do,n a slo(e& I ran 0be'ind t'em1+ o-ertook a man from t'em+ s'ot 'im ,it' an arro, t'rou*' t'e s'oulder blade and said: 7ake t'is& I am t'e son of al-Ak,a'< and today is t'e day of anni'ilation for t'e (eo(le ,'o are mean& 7'e fello, 0,'o ,as ,ounded1 said: May 'is mot'er ,ee( o-er 'imF Are you t'e Ak,a' ,'o 'as been c'asin* us since mornin*G I said: Hes+ 5 enemy of t'yself+ t'e same Ak,a'& 7'ey left t,o 'orses dead tired on t'e 'illock and I came dra**in* t'em alon* to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& I met 'Amir ,'o 'ad ,it' 'im a container 'a-in* milk diluted ,it' ,ater and a container 'a-in* ,ater& I (erformed ablution ,it' t'e ,ater and drank t'e milk& 7'en I came to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,'ile 'e ,as at 0t'e s(rin* of1 ,ater from ,'ic' I 'ad dri-en t'em a,ay& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 'ad ca(tured t'ose camels and e-eryt'in* else I 'ad ca(tured and all t'e lances and mantles I 'ad snatc'ed from t'e (olyt'eists and =ilal 'ad slau*'tered a s'e-camel from t'e camels I 'ad sei?ed from t'e (eo(le+ and ,as roastin* its li-er and 'um( for t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& I said: Messen*er of Alla'+ let me select from our (eo(le one 'undred men and I ,ill follo, t'e marauders and I ,ill finis' t'em all so t'at nobody is left to con-ey t'e ne,s 0of t'eir destruction to t'eir (eo(le1& 0At t'ese ,ords of mine1+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 lau*'ed so muc' t'at 'is molar teet' could be seen in t'e li*'t of t'e fire+ and 'e said: 8alama+ do you t'ink you can do t'isG I said: Hes+ by t'e =ein* ;'o 'as 'onoured you& @e said: Bo, t'ey 'a-e reac'ed t'e land of E'atafan ,'ere t'ey are bein* feted& 0At t'is time1 a man from t'e E'atafan came alon* and said: 8o and so slau*'tered a camel for t'em& ;'en t'ey ,ere e.(osin* its skin+ t'ey sa, dust 0bein* raised far off1& 7'ey said: 7'ey 0Ak,a' and 'is com(anions1 'a-e come& 8o& t'ey ,ent a,ay fleein*& ;'en it ,as mornin*+ t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: 5ur best 'orseman today is Abu Datada and our best footman today is 8alama& 7'en 'e *a-e me t,o s'ares of t'e bootyt'e s'are meant for t'e 'orseman and t'e s'are meant for t'e footman+ and combined bot' of t'em for me& Intendin* to return to Medina+ 'e made me mount be'ind 'im on 'is s'e-camel named al-Adba'& ;'ile ,e ,ere tra-ellin*+ a man from t'e Ansar ,'o could not be beaten in a race said: Is t'ere anyone ,'o could com(ete 0,it' me1 in race to MedinaG Is t'ere any com(etitorG @e continued re(eatin* t'is& ;'en I 'eard 'is talk+ I said: Don't you s'o, consideration to a di*nified (erson and don't you 'a-e a,e for a noble manG @e said: Bo+ unless 'e be t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& I said: Messen*er of Alla'+ may my fat'er and mot'er be t'y ransom+ let me *et do,n so t'at I may beat t'is man 0in t'e race1& @e said: It you ,is'+ 0you may1& I said 0to t'e man1: I am comin* to t'ee+ I t'en turned my feet& s(ran* u( and tan and *as(ed 0for a ,'ile1 ,'en one or t,o ele-ated (laces ,ere left and a*ain follo,ed 'is 'eel and a*ain *as(ed 0for a ,'ile1 ,'en one or t,o ele-ated (laces ,ere left and a*ain das'ed until I >oined 'im and *a-e a blo, bet,een 'is s'oulders& I said: Hou 'a-e been o-ertaken+ by Eod& @e said: I t'ink so& 7'us+ I reac'ed Medina a'ead of 'im& =y Eod+ ,e 'ad stayed t'ere only t'ree ni*'ts ,'en ,e set out to A'aibar ,it' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& 05n t'e ,ay1 my uncle+ Amir+ be*an to recite t'e follo,in* ra>a? -erses for t'e (eo(le: =y Eod+ if 7'ou 'adst not *uided us ari*'t+ ;e ,ould 'a-e neit'er (ractised c'arity nor offered (rayers& 05 EodF 1 ;e cannot do ,it'out 7'y fa-ours< Aee( us steadfast ,'en ,e encounter t'e enemy+ And descend tran/uillity u(on us& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: ;'o is t'isG 'Amir said: it is 'Amir& @e said: May t'y Eod for*i-e t'eeF 7'e narrator said: ;'ene-er t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 asked for*i-eness for a (articular (erson+ 'e ,as sure to embrace martyrdom& Cmar b& A'attab
Book 19 - "1 ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

,'o ,as ridin* on 'is camel called out: 2ro('et of Alla'+ I ,is' you 'ad allo,ed us to benefit from Amir& 8alama continued: ;'en ,e reac'ed A'aibar+ its kin* named Mar'ab ad-anced brandis'in* 'is s,ord and c'antin*: A'aibar kno,s t'at I am Mar'ab 0,'o be'a-es like1 A fully armed+ and ,ell-tried ,arrior& ;'en t'e ,ar comes s(readin* its flames& My uncle+ Amir+ came out to combat ,it' 'im+ sayin*: A'aibar certainly kno,s t'at I am 'Amir+ A fully armed -eteran ,'o (lun*es into battles& 7'ey e.c'an*ed blo,s& Marbab's s,ord struck t'e s'ield of 'Amir ,'o bent for,ard to attack 'is o((onent from belo,+ but 'is s,ord recoiled u(on 'im and cut t'e main artery: in 'is forearm ,'ic' caused 'is deat'& 8alama said: I came out and beard some (eo(le amon* t'e Com(anions of t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 as sayin*: Amir's deed 'as *one ,aste< 'e 'as killed 'imself& 8o I came to t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,ee(in* and I said: Messen*er of Alla'& Amir's deed 'as *one ,aste& 7'e Messen*er 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: ;'o (assed t'is remarkG I said: 8ome of your Com(anions& @e said: @e ,'o 'as (assed t'at remark 'as told a lie+ for 'Amir t'ere is a double re,ard& 7'en 'e sent me to 'Ali ,'o 'ad tore eyes+ and said: I ,ill *i-e t'e banner to a man ,'o lo-es Alla' and @is Messen*er or ,'om Alla' and @is Messen*er lo-e& 8o I ,ent to 'Ali+ brou*'t 'im beadin* 'im alon* and 'e 'ad sore eyes+ and I took 'im to t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ ,'o a((lied 'is sali-a to 'is eyes and 'e *ot ,ell& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 *a-e 'im t'e banner 0and 'Ali ,ent to meet Mar'ab in a sin*le combat1& 7'e latter ad-anced c'antin*: A'aibar kno,s certainly t'at I am Mar'ab+ A fully armed and ,ell-tried -alorous ,arrior 0'ero1 ;'en ,ar comes s(readin* its flames& 'Ali c'anted in re(ly: I am t'e one ,'ose mot'er named 'im @aidar+ 0And am1 like a lion of t'e forest ,it' a terrorstrikin* countenance& I *i-e my o((onents t'e measure of sandara in e.c'an*e for sa' 0i& e& return t'ir attack ,it' one t'at is muc' more fierce1& 7'e narrator said: 'Ali struck at t'e 'ead of Mir'ab and killed 'im+ so t'e -ictory 0ca(ture of A'aibar1 ,as due to 'im& 7'is lon* tradition 'as also been 'anded do,n 7'rou*' a different c'ain of transmitters&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99=1:
7'is 'adit' 'as been transmitted on t'e aut'ority of 'Ikrama b& Ammar&

Book 19 - " ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

C$'*!"/ 9=: R"3'/(& 3 !$" -o/( o% 3o(6 !$" ")',!"(:A &! &5 $" -$o /"5!/'& "( !$"&/ $' (5 %/o4 .o1A !o !$" " ( o% !$" 7"/5"
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99=::
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas b& Malik t'at ei*'ty 2ersons from t'e in'abitants of Mecca s,oo(ed do,n u(on t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 from t'e mountain of 7an'im& 7'ey ,ere armed and ,anted to attack t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and 'is Com(anions una,ares& @e 0t'e @oly 2ro('et1 ca(tured t'em but s(ared t'eir li-es& 8o+ Eod+ t'e E.alted and Elorious+ re-ealed t'e -erses:: It is @e ;'o restrained your 'ands from t'em and t'eir 'ands from you in t'e -alley of Mecca after @e 'ad *i-en you a -ictory o-er t'em&:

C$'*!"/ 9>: F&3$!& 3 o% -o4" 5&(" +. 5&(" -&!$ 4"
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99=;:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas t'at+ on t'e Day of @unain& Cmm 8ulaim took out a da**er s'e 'ad in 'er (ossession& Abiu 7al'a sa, 'er and said: Messen*er of Alla'+ t'is is Cmm 8ulaim& 8'e is 'oldin* a da**er& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 asked 0'er1: ;'at for are you 'oldin* t'is da**erG 8'e said: I took it u( so t'at I may tear o(en t'e belly of a (olyt'eist ,'o comes near me& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 be*an to smile 0at t'ese ,ords1& 8'e said: Messen*er of Alla'+ kill all t'ose (eo(le-ot'er t'an us-,'om t'ou 'ast declared to be free 0on t'e day of t'e Con/uest of Mecca1& 07'ey embraced Islam because1 t'ey ,ere defeated at your 'ands 0and as suc' t'eir Islam is not de(endable1& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: Cmm 8ulaim& Eod is sufficient 0a*ainst t'e misc'ief of t'e (olyt'eists1 and @e ,ill be kind to us 0so you need not carry t'is da**er1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99=9:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas b& Malik ,'o said t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 allo,ed Cmm 8ulaim and some ot'er ,omen of t'e Ansar to accom(any 'im ,'en 'e ,ent to ,ar< t'ey ,ould *i-e ,ater 0to t'e soldiers1 and ,ould treat t'e ,ounded&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99==:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Anas b& Malik ,'o said: 5n t'e Day of Cbud some of t'e (eo(le+ bein* defeated+ left t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace 'e u(on 'im1+ but Abu 7al'a stood before 'im co-erin* 'im ,it' a s'ield& Abu 7al'a ,as a (o,erful arc'er ,'o broke t,o or t'ree bo,s t'at day& ;'en a man ,ould (ass by carryin* a /ui-er containin* arro,s+ 'e ,ould say: 8(are t'em for Abu 7al'a& ;'ene-er t'e @oly 2ro('et 0,ay (eace be u(on 'im1 raised 'is 'ead to look at t'e (eo(le+ Abd 7alba ,ould say: 2ro('et of Alla'+ may my fat'er and my mot'er be t'y ransom+ do not raise your 'ead lest you be struck by an arro, s'ot by t'e enemy& My neck is before your neck& 7'e narrator said: I sa, A'is'a bint Abu =akr and Cmm 8ulaim& =ot' of t'em 'ad tucked u( t'eir *arments+ so I
Book 19 - "$ ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

could me t'e anklets on t'eir feet& 7'ey ,ere carryin* ,ater-skins on t'eir backs and ,ould (our ,ater into t'e mout's of t'e (eo(le& 7'ey ,ould t'en *o back 0to t'e ,ell1+ ,ould fill t'em a*ain and ,ould return to (our ,ater into t'e mout's of t'e soldiers& 05n t'is day1& Abu 7al'a's s,ord dro((ed do,n from 'is 'ands t,ice or t'rice because of dro,siness&

C$'*!"/ 9?: Wo4" *'/!&2&*' !5 & C&$'( !o +" 3&7" ' */&D" +1! o! ' /"31,'/ 5$'/" & !$" +oo!.6 ' ( */o$&+&!&o !o #&,, 2$&,(/" o% !$" " "4.
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99=>:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ha?id b& @urmu? t'at Ba>da ,rote to Ibn Abbas in/uirin* of 'im fi-e t'in*s& Ibn Abbas said: If I 'ad not t'e fear of committin* 0sin1 for concealin* t'e kno,led*e I ,ould not 'a-e ,ritten to 'im& Ba>da ,rote to 'im sayin* 0after (raisin* t'e Almi*'ty and in-okin* blessin*s on t'e 2ro('et1: 7ell me ,'et'er t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 took ,omen to (artici(ate ,it' 'im in 3i'ad< 0if 'e did1+ ,'et'er 'e allotted t'em a re*ular s'are from t'e booty< ,'et'er 'e killed t'e c'ildren of 0t'e enemy in t'e ,ar 'o, lon* an or('an ,ould be entitled to consideration as suc' and for ,'om t'e Abums 0fift' (art of t'e booty1 ,as booty& Ibn Abbas ,rote to 'im: Hou 'a-e ,ritten askin* me ,'et'er t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 took ,omen ,it' 'im to (artici(ate in 3i'ad& @e did take t'em to t'e battle and sometimes 'e fou*'t alon* ,it' t'em& 7'ey ,ould treat t'e ,ounded and ,ere *i-en a re,ard from t'e booty+ but 'e did not assi*n any re*ular s'are for t'em& And t'e of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 did not kill t'e c'ildren of t'e enemy+ so t'ou s'ouldst not kill t'e c'ildren& Also you 'a-e ,ritten to me askin* me ,'en t'e or('an'ood of an or('an comes to an end& =y my life+ if a man 'as become bearded but is still inca(able of *ettin* 'is due from ot'ers as ,ell u meetin* 'is obli*ation to,ards t'em+ 0'e is yet an or('an to be treated you suc'1+ but ,'en 'e can look after 'is interests like *ro,n-u( (eo(le+ 'e is no lon*er an or('an& And you 'a-e ,ritten to me in/uirin* about A'ums as to ,'om it is meant for& 0In t'is connection1 ,e 0t'e kinsmen of t'e Messen*er of Alla'1 used to say: It is for us+ but t'ose (eo(le 0i& e& =anu Cmayya1 'a-e denied it to us&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99=?:
7'is tradition 'as been narrated by t'e *ame aut'ority 0Ha?id b& @urmus1 t'rou*' a different c'ain of transmitters ,it' t'e follo,in* difference in t'e elucidation of one of t'e (oints raised by Ba>da in 'is letter to Ibn Abas: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 used not to kill t'e c'ildren+ so t'ou s'ouldst not kill t'em unless you could kno, ,'at A'adir 'ad kno,n about t'e c'ild 'e killed+ or you could distin*uis' bet,een a c'ild ,'o ,ould *ro, u( to 'e a belie-er 0and a c'ild ,'o ,ould *ro, u( to be a non-belie-er1+ so t'at you killed t'e 0(ros(ecti-e1 non-belie-er and left t'e 0(ros(ecti-e1 belie-er aside&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99=@:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ha?id b& @urmu? ,'o said: Ba>da b& 'Amir al-@aruri ,rote to Ibn Abbas askin* 'im about t'e sla-e and t'e ,oman as to ,'et'er t'ey ,ould *et a s'are from t'e booty 0it t'ey (artici(ated in 3i'ad1 < about t'e killin* of 0enemy1 c'ildren 0in ,ar1 < about t'e or('an as to ,'en 'is or('an'ood comes to an end< about kinsmen 0of t'e @oly 2ro('et1 as to ,'o t'ey are& @e said to Ha?id: ;rite to 'im& 0If 'e ,ere not likely to fall into folly+ I ,ould not 'a-e ,ritten to
Book 19 - "% ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

'im&1 ;rite: Hou 'a-e ,ritten askin* about t'e ,oman and t'e sla-e ,'et'er t'ey ,ould *et a s'are of t'e booty if t'ey (artici(ated in 3i'ad& 0Hou s'ould kno, t'at1 t'ere is not'in* of t'e sort for t'em e.ce(t t'at t'ey ,ill be *i-en a (ri?e& And you 'a-e ,ritten askin* me about t'e killin* of t'e enemy c'ildren in ,ar& 0Hou s'ould understand t'at1 t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eare be u(on 'im1 did not kill t'em& and t'ou s'ouldst not kill t'em unless t'ou kne, ,'at t'e com(anion of Moses 0i& e& A'adir1 kne, about t'e boy 'e 'ad killed& And you 'a-e ,ritten askin* me about t'e or('an as to ,'en t'e (eriod of 'is or('an'ood comes to an end+ so t'at t'e sobri/uet of: or('an: is dro((ed from 'im& 0In t'is re*ard+ you s'ould kno, t'at1 t'e sobri/uet: or('an: ,ill not be dro((ed from 'im until 'e attains maturity of body and mind& And you 'a-e ,ritten askin* me about t'e close relati-es 0of t'e @oly 2ro('et1 as to ,'o t'ey are& ;e t'ink t'at it is ,e+ but our (eo(le 'a-e denied us t'is 0(osition and its concomitant (ri-ile*es1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99=9:
7'is 'adit' 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Ha?id b& @urmu? t'rou*' anot'er c'ain of transmitters&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99>8:
It 'as been narrated on t'e ant'ority of Ha?id b& @urmu? ,'o said: Ba>da ,rote to Ibn Abbas& I ,as sittin* in t'e com(any of Ibn 'Abbas ,'en 'e read 'is letter and ,rote its re(ly& Ibn Abbas said: ;ere it not for (re-entin* 'im from fallin* into ,ickedness& I ,ould not 'a-e re(lied to 'is letter+ may 'e ne-er be >oyful& @e ,rote in re(ly to 'im referrin* to t'e s'are of t'e close relati-es 0of t'e @oly 2ro('et1 0from t'e booty1 ,'om Eod 'as mentioned& 0I 'a-e to tell you t'at1 ,e t'ou*'t ,e ,ere t'e close relati-es of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ but our (eo(le 'a-e refused to reco*nise us as suc'& Hou 'a-e asked about t'e or('an as to ,'en 'is or('an'ood comes to an end& 0I 'a-e to say t'at1 ,'en 'e reac'es t'e a*e of marria*e+ attains maturity of mind+ and 'is (ro(erty is returned to 'im+ t'en 'e is no lon*er an or('an& Hou 'a-e in/uired ,'et'er t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(o 'im1 used to kill anyone from t'e c'ildren of t'e (olyt'eists in t'e ,ar& 0Hou s'ould kno, t'at1 t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 used not to kill any one of t'eir c'ildren+ and you 0too1 s'ould not kill any one of t'em+ e.ce(t ,'en you kne, about t'em ,'at A'adir 'ad kno,n about t'e boy ,'om 'e killed& And you 'a-e in/uired ,'et'er t'ere is a fi.ed s'are of t'e booty for ,omen and sla-es ,'en t'ey (artici(ate in a battle& 0I 'a-e to tell you t'at1 t'ere is no fi.ed s'are for t'em e.ce(t t'at t'ey ,ill be *i-en some re,ard from t'e s(oils of ,ar&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99>1:
7'is 'adit' 'as been transmitted on t'e aut'ority of Ha?id b& @urmu?& but not com(lete 0as ,e find in t'e abo-e mentioned a'adit'1&

C$'*!"/ 9@: T$" 14+"/ o% -'/5 -'3"( +. !$" $o,. */o*$"! (4'. *"'2" +" 1*o $&4)
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99>::
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Cmm 'Atiyya+ t'e Ansarite+ ,'o said: I took (art ,it' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 in se-en battles& I ,ould stay be'ind in t'e cam( of men+ cook t'eir food+ treat t'e ,ounded and nurse t'e aick&
Book 19 - "" ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99>;:
A similar tradition 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of @is'am b& @assan t'rou*' a different c'ain of transmitters&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99>9:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu Is'a/ t'at 'Abdulla' b& Ha?id ,ent 0out of t'e city1 ,it' (eo(le for offerin*: Istis/a: ' (rayer 0for rainfall1& @e offered t,o rak'a's& 7'en 'e (rayed for rain& 7'at day I met Jaid b& Ar/am& 7'ere ,as only one man bet,een me and 'im 0at t'at time1& I asked 'im: @o, many military e.(editions did t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 undertakeG @e said: Bineteen e.(editions& I asked 'im: 5n 'o, many e.(editions did you accom(any 'imG @e said: 5n se-enteen e.(editions& I asked: ;'ic' ,as t'e first e.(edition 'e ledG @e ans,ered: D'atul-+ Csair or 'Cs'air&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99>=:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Jaid b& Ar/am t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 fou*'t nineteen battles and after t'e Mi*ration (erformed only one 2il*rima*e called @a>>at-ul-;ada'&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99>>:
It 'as been re(orted on t'e aut'ority of Abu Jubair ,'o 'eard 3abir b& Abdulla' say: I fou*'t in t'e com(any of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 nineteen battles& 3abir said: I did not (artici(ate in t'e =attle of =adr and t'e =attle of C'ud& My fat'er (re-ented me 0from (artici(atin* in t'ese battles as my a*e ,as tender1& After 'Abdulla' 0my fat'er1 ,as killed on t'e Day of Cbud+ I ne-er la**ed be'ind t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 and >oined e-ery battle 0'e fou*'t1&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99>?:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of =uraida 0,'o 'eard t'e tradition from 'is fat'er1 t'at t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 conducted nineteen military cam(ai*ns and 'e 0actually1 fou*'t in ei*'t of t'em&

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99>@:
It 'as been narrated by =uraida ,'o 'eard it from 'is fat'er t'at 'e >oined t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 in si.teen military cam(ai*ns

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99>9:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of 8alama ,'o said: I >oined se-en military e.(editions led by t'e Messen*er of Alla' 'imself 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ and nine e.(editions ,'ic' 'e sent out once under Abu =akr and once under Csama b& Jaid&

Book 19 - "& ! "#

SAHIH MUSLIM

BOOK 19: THE BOOK

OF JIHAD AND

EXPEDITION (KITAB AL-JIHAD

WA'L-SIYAR)

Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99?8:
7'e 0fore*oin*1 tradition 'as also been narrated on t'e aut'ority of @atim t'rou*' t'e same c'ain of transmitters ,it' t'e difference t'at accordin* to t'is -ersion bot' t'ese ty(es of e.(editions ,ere se-en in number&

C$'*!"/ 99: T$" ")*"(&!&o 2',,"( D$'!-1/-R&<''
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99?1:
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of Abu Musa 0As''ari1 ,'o said: ;e set out on an e.(edition ,it' t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1& ;e ,ere si. in number and 'ad 0,it' us1 only one camel ,'ic' ,e rode turn by turn 5ur feet ,ere in>ured& My feet ,ere so badly in>ured t'at my nails dro((ed off& ;e co-ered our feet ,it' ra*s& so t'is e.(edition ,as called D'at-ur-)i/a' 0i& e& t'e e.(edition of ra*s1 because ,e banda*ed our feet ,it' ra*s 0on t'at day1& Abu =urda said: Abu Musa narrated t'is tradition+ and t'en disliked re(eatin* it as 'e did not ,ant to *i-e any (ublicity to ,'at 'e did in a noble cause Abu Csama said: Barrators ot'er t'an Abu =uraida 'a-e added to t'e -ersion of t'e ,ords:: Eod ,ill re,ard it&:

C$'*!"/ =8: D&5'**/o7', o% 5""#& 3 $",* %/o4 ' (&5+",&"7"/ o ' 4&,&!'/. 2'4*'&3
Boo# 8196 N14+"/ 99?::
It 'as been narrated on t'e aut'ority of A'is'a+ ,ife of t'e @oly 2ro('et 0may (eace be u(on 'im1+ ,'o said: 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 set out for =adr& ;'en 'e reac'ed @arratul-;abara 0a (lace four miles from Medina1 a man met 'im ,'o ,as kno,n for 'is -alour and coura*e& 7'e Com(anions of t'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 ,ere (leased to see 'im& @e said: I 'a-e come so t'at I may follo, you and *et a s'are from t'e booty& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said to 'im: Do you belie-e in Alla' and @is A(ostleG @e said: Bo& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said: Eo back+ I ,ill not seek 'el( from a Mus'rik 0(olyt'eist1& @e ,ent on until ,e reac'ed 8'a>ara+ ,'ere t'e man met 'im a*ain& @e asked 'im t'e same /uestion a*ain and t'e man *a-e 'im t'e same ans,er& @e said: Eo back& Im ,ill not seek 'el( from a Mus'rik& 7'e man returned and o-ertook 'im at =aida'G @e asked 'im as 'e 'ad asked (re-iously: Do you belie-e in Alla' and @is A(ostleG 7'e man said: Hes& 7'e Messen*er of Alla' 0may (eace be u(on 'im1 said to 'im: 7'en come alon* ,it' us&

Book 19 - "# ! "#

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