HP ExpertOne

HP0-Y45: Architecting HP Network Solutions
HP Networking
Exam preparation guide

Table of Contents

Overview 2
Why take the exam? 2
HP Network Architect V1 certification 2
Path 1 2
Path 2 3
Path 3 3
Path 4 3
Who should take this exam? 4
How to study for the exam 4
Attend recommended ILT 5
Topics covered 5
Format offered 6
Refer to other materials 6
Obtain hands-on experience 6
Exam details 6
Exam objectives 7
Tips for taking HP exams 7
Register 8
Sample questions 8
Answers 12
Conclusion 15



2
Overview
Requirements for successful completion
This guide helps you to study for the Architecting HP Network Solutions (HP0-Y45) exam. You can benefit from this guide
whether you are attempting to expand your existing HP certification or you have experience designing and architecting
another vendor’s network design solutions and want to get certified with HP.
To pass the exam, you will need to demonstrate a clear understanding of the customer’s needs and reflect those needs
in an accurate network design.

Why take the exam?
Based on your current achievements, passing this test gives you one component toward:
 HP Accredited Solutions Expert (ASE) – Network Architect V1 certification

HP Network Architect V1 certification
This certification verifies that you have the ability to specify and architect a spectrum of complex HP FlexCampus,
FlexBranch and FlexFabric - Datacenter network solutions. The Network Architect training provides you with the ability
to navigate through the HP Networking solution offerings and identify, describe, position and specify the right solution
based on identified needs. The training also provides an understanding of the purpose, function, positioning, and
capabilities of HP Networking offerings in combination with networking related HP Servers and HP Storage solutions.
The available training will also help you learn the technical consulting skills needed for planning and designing
complete, modern network solutions.
This certification attests that you can:
 Explain how open standards and the HP FlexNetwork architecture address modern networking’s bandwidth-
intensive, delay-sensitive, mobility and BYOD demands.
 Design a more simplified, flatter physical topology that can handle an enterprise’s traffic volume and traffic
patterns, including intensive server-to-server patterns anticipated for cloud and converged infrastructures.
 Describe HP rack and blade server solutions and explain some networking advantages of the HP blade
enclosures.
 Explain how HP Virtual Connect (VC) modules help to simplify and optimize connections between servers and the
data center LAN and SAN.
 Design secure, integrated wired and wireless network solutions for seamless mobile access.
 Design data center solutions including network, server, and storage virtualization and explain how virtualization
and cloud computing are changing the data center networking environment.
 Deploy and configure HP edge and core switches.
 Design routed and bridged networks using industry-standard protocols, focusing on OSPF, VRRP, and MSTP.


There are three paths to achieve this certification, as outlined below. The exams you must pass are dependent upon
which achievements you currently hold.

Path 1
This path is designed for networking professionals who have one of the following certifications:
 HP ASE – Network Infrastructure [2011]
 HP ASE – Wireless Networks Implementer V1
 HP ASE – Wireless Networks [2011]


3
If you meet one of these criteria, then passing the HP0-Y45 exam alone gives you the certification. By completing this
path, you will also be granted the HP AIS – Network Infrastructure [2011] or later certification if you do not already have
it.
For those who received HP MASE Network Infrastructure [2011] via the CCIE fast-track option are part of this path. So,
only the exam HP0-Y45 is required to receive the HP ASE – Network Architect V1 certification.

NOTE: This upgrade path does not distinguish between candidates who passed HP0-Y31 and HP0-Y43 exams.

Path 2
This path is designed for networking professionals who have the following certifications:
 ASE – HP ProCurve Campus LANs [2010] plus HP APP – Enterprise Networks [2011]
If you meet this criteria, then passing the HP0-Y45 exam alone gives you the certification. By completing this path, you
will also be granted the HP AIS – Network Infrastructure [2011] or later certification if you do not already have it.
Path 3
This path is designed for networking professionals who have one of the following certifications:
 Cisco CCNP Wireless
 Cisco CCDP
 CCNP Routing & Switching
 H3CSE
 ASE - HP ProCurve Networking & Mobility 2009
 ASE – HP ProCurve Mobility 2010
 HP ProCurve Campus LANs 2010
If you meet one of these criteria, then passing the following exams give you the certification.
 Implementing HP Network Infrastructure Solutions (HP0-Y43)
 Architecting HP Network Solutions (HP0-Y45)
NOTE: This upgrade path is identical to the new candidate path, except there is no AIS prerequisite. These candidates will
also receive HP AIS – Network Infrastructure [2011] or later upon completion.
Path 4
If you do not meet the requirements for path 1, path 2 or path 3, then you must complete this path, which is designed for
new candidates. First, you must achieve the prerequisite certification, HP AIS – Network Infrastructure [2011] or later.
Second, you must pass the following exams:
 Implementing HP Network Infrastructure Solutions (HP0-Y43)
 Architecting HP Network Solutions (HP0-Y45)

NOTE: It is highly recommended that you first complete the HP0-Y43 exam. The technologies covered in the training
courses belonging to that exam will be assumed as understood, and therefore will not be explained in the training
course Architecting Open Standard HP Network Solutions.







4


Table 1: HP ASE – Network Architect V1 certification requirements based on current achievement
Path1 Path 2 Path 3 Path 4

Either:
•HP ASE – Network
Infrastructure [2011]
•HP ASE – Wireless
Networks
Implementer V1
•HP ASE – Wireless
Networks [2011]
ASE – HP
ProCurve
Campus LANs
[2010] plus HP
APP – Enterprise
Networks [2011]
Either:
•Cisco CCNP
Wireless
•Cisco CCDP
•CCNP Routing &
Switching
•H3CSE
•ASE - HP
ProCurve
Networking &
Mobility 2009
•ASE – HP
ProCurve
Mobility 2010
•HP ProCurve
Campus LANs
[2010]
New or any other
candidate
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HP AIS – Network
Infrastructure [2011] or
later certification x
Proctored Exam –
Implementing HP
Network Infrastructure
Solutions (HP0-Y43)
x x
Proctored Exam –
Architecting Open
Standards HP Network
Solutions
(HP0-Y45)
x x x x

Who should take this exam?
Although anyone can take this exam, most successful candidates have at least three years of real-world experience
architecting network solutions and have also prepared for the test in a variety of ways.
Candidates are expected to have HP Networking product knowledge from training and hands-on experience.
NOTE: Anyone can take the exam, passing it only helps you to achieve certification if you have one of the prior
achievements listed in Table 1. If you are a new candidate, obtain the HP AIS [2011] certification first.
You will only achieve certification if you pass the exam and have all other required achievements.
This guide describes some of the training offered by HP and provides references to materials for further preparation.
How to study for the exam
The Architecting HP Network Solutions (HP0-Y45) exam tests you on topics that are covered in the HP instructor-led
training (ILT) course (5 days total), as well as on the skills and knowledge you have gained by working on a daily basis
with the products and solutions covered in the training.


5


Table 2: Recommended training based on current achievement
Current achievements

All Candidates independent
whether a certification mentioned
in the upgrade paths or a new
candidate
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-
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4
5

Architecting Open Standards HP
Network Solutions,
Rev. 13.11 or later (5-day ILT)
X
Total days for recommended
training
5 days

Although completing this training is recommended for exam preparation, successful completion of the training alone
does not guarantee that you will pass the exam. In addition to training, exam items are based on knowledge gained from
on-the-job experience and application as well as other supplemental reference material that may be specified in this
guide.
Read the sections below to further assess your options. Even if you do not intend to complete the recommended ILT
course, you should examine the topics that it covers. The exam will test you on the mastery of knowledge and skills in
these topic areas, as well as what you have acquired from on-the-job experience as a network solutions architect.
Attend recommended ILT
This ILT helps to prepare you for this exam:
 Architecting Open Standards HP Network Solutions, Rev 13.11 or later (5 days)
You are highly encouraged to attend this course, where you will expand your knowledge on how to architect HP network
solutions and learn about HP Server and Storage related networking technologies. Design activities within the course
will provide you real life examples. By completing these activities you will enhance your overall ability to architect
datacenter level network solutions.
Register for this course in The Learning Center of your HP Partner Portal, which is the HP Learning Management System
for HP customers and partners. You will require an HP Learner ID to register for a class. Note that, while it only takes a
few minutes to request the ID, the process of activating it up may take a few days. Please obtain this ID and then register
for classes at least one week in advance. Costs and scheduling vary according to region.

Topics covered
In attending this course, you will learn about and be able to:
 Explain how open standards and the HP FlexNetwork architecture addresses modern networking’s bandwidth-
intensive, delay-sensitive, mobility and BYOD demands.
 Design a more simplified, flatter physical topology that can handle an enterprise’s traffic volume and traffic
patterns, including intensive server-to-server patterns anticipated for cloud and converged infrastructures.
 Design efficient routing and multicast routing solutions for various enterprise needs.
 Describe best practices for designing solutions from the Physical Layer to the Network Layer, by providing basic
connectivity with some resiliency and good performance ensured by the proper bandwidth provisioning and
topology design.
 Describe HP rack and blade server solutions and explain some networking advantages of the HP blade
enclosures.

6
 Explain how HP Virtual Connect (VC) modules help to simplify and optimize connections between servers and the
data center LAN and SAN.
 Design secure, integrated wired and wireless network solutions for seamless mobile access.
 Develop a plan for implementing an HP networking solution into either a greenfield or an existing network.
 Obtain the data and documentation required to understand a company’s general connectivity, availability,
security, and application requirements based on information provided by the company’s key decision makers.
 Design data center solutions including network, server, and storage virtualization and explain how virtualization
and cloud computing are changing the data center environment.

Format offered
This is a 5-day instructor-led course based on approximately:
 60 percent case studies
 40 percent lecture and participant-centered learning activities

Refer to other materials
The courseware provided for the Architecting Open Standards HP Network Solutions course includes materials for you
such as HPN Product information, whitepapers on FCoE and a link to a free HP Virtual Connect for Dummies.
Obtain hands-on experience
HP exams are designed for candidates with on-the-job experience. The course Architecting Open Standards HP Network
Solutions gives you a foundation to successfully pass the exam, but you are expected to have real-world networking
experience as well. This course provides you with many design activities based on real-life scenarios, which will help you
to understand the various datacenter design topics covered.
Exam details
The exam covers various wired and wireless networking technologies, as well as server, storage and networking
virtualization technologies all in the context of how to architect enterprise level networks and data centers.
The table provides details about the exam. Note that this is a proctored exam, which you must complete at a scheduled
time and authorized location. You will not be allowed to take any reference materials with you.
Table 3: Exam number exam details
Parameter Description
Number of items 60
Item types  Multiple choice (single response)
 Multiple choice (multiple responses)
 Drag and drop
 Matching
 Pull-down list
Exam time 115 minutes
Passing score 70%
Additional guidelines No on-line or hard copy reference material will be allowed at the testing site.

NOTE: The exam may contain beta test items for experimental purposes.


7
Exam objectives
The following testing objectives represent the specific areas of content covered in the exam. Use this outline to guide
your study and to check your readiness for the exam. The exam measures your understanding of these areas.
Table 4: Exam number objectives
Exam number Sections/Objectives
8% Networking architecture and technologies
 Recognize and explain modular architecture blocks, physical topologies, and control plane
extensions.
13% Networking solutions and technologies
 Map the gathered customer requirements to the appropriate products (LAN, WLAN and
WAN) and management solution.
 Map the gathered customer requirements to the right security technologies.
19% Server and storage technologies and products
 Recognize and apply server hardware and software technologies and products.
 Recognize and apply storage hardware and software technologies and products.
 Recognize and apply storage and server virtualization.
 Recognize and apply requirements, features, and benefits of cloud services, data center,
and green technologies.
10% Traffic volumes, topologies, paths, and applications
 Evaluate customer applications and topologies.
 Evaluate customer traffic volumes and flows.
8% Customer policies and requirements
 Identify and evaluate customer availability, integrity, and confidentiality requirements
for different architecture blocks (LAN, WAN, data center, and wireless).
 Identify and evaluate customer operational requirements and strategies and apply to
designs.
12% Customer business and technical requirements
 Evaluate the customer technical and business capabilities and requirements.
 Identify gaps and present partner solutions.
 Interact effectively with customers.
30% HP Networking solutions planning and design
 Plan for interoperability with existing solutions, and develop logical and physical designs.
 Develop a transition plan for implementation.
 Consider Total Cost of Ownership
 Verify network architecture

Tips for taking HP exams
Rather than emphasize simple memorization, HP exams attempt to assess whether you have the knowledge and skills
that an IT professional requires on the job. Therefore, many test questions present a scenario, which outlines a
particular network environment or problem. Some test questions might also include one or more exhibits to show:
 Network topology
 Configuration

This exam includes the following question (item) types:
 Multiple choice (single response) – Select one radio button to indicate a correct answer. If the response is
correct, you will receive one point.

8
 Multiple choice (multiple responses) – Select more than checkbox to indicate a correct answers as noted in the
question. If all the responses are correct, you will receive one point. There is no partial credit.
 Drag and drop – Place a marker on the area of an image to indicate a correct answer. If the response is correct,
you will receive one point.
 Matching – Select an answer from the drop-down list to match each option. You cannot use the same answer
twice. If the all the responses are correct, you will receive one point. There is no partial credit.
 Pull-down list – Select an answer from the drop-down list to match each option. You can use the same answer
more than once. If all the responses are correct, you will receive one point. There is no partial credit.

This ExpertOne exam presents all the questions in a single block. The candidate agreement is presented first, followed
by the exam introduction and instructions. Once you click the Next Question button on the instructions page, the
questions will be presented one at a time. You can move from question to question within the block, skip questions, and
change your answers. However, once you submit your answers, you cannot return to review those questions or change
your answers.
Here are some additional tips:
 Use the Next Question / Previous Question buttons to move forward and backward between questions. The
Submit button will appear when you reach the last question.
 Use the Assessment Navigator to jump between questions in a block and to review flagged questions. To do this,
click the Assessment Navigator button and select the question you want to navigate to. Flagged questions are
indicated above the item number in the upper left corner. The Assessment Navigator also uses different shading
to indicate answered versus unanswered items.
 Use the Assessment Navigator to launch the calculator tool by clicking the Calculator button at the bottom.

Figure 1: Assessment Navigator


When you begin the exam the total number of questions (including beta questions) will display. The total exam time
does account for beta questions. To estimate how much time you should allow per question, divide the total time by the
number of questions. Some questions are more complex and will require more time. If a question is taking too much
time, flag it using the Assessment Navigator, and then return to it later. Make sure you examine the exhibits, and
thoroughly read each question and all options.
Register
To register for this exam, visit the PearsonVUE website at: http://www.PearsonVUE.com/hp
You will need an HP Learner ID and a PearsonVUE ID. Visit http://www.hp.com/certification to obtain access to The
Learning Center.”
Sample questions
This section provides several sample questions. Although the samples cannot indicate all the topics covered in the exam,
they give you an idea of the types of questions that you will encounter.

9
1. What are two benefits of an HP BladeSystem as opposed to rack servers? (Select two.)
a. smaller physical footprint
b. interconnect modules that specifically support virtualized environments
c. greater internal storage space on each individual server blade
d. support for HP Thermal Logic innovations
e. support for integrated Lights Out (iLO) technology

2. What is one difference between HP Intelligent Resilient Framework (IRF) and Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol
(VRRP)?
a. While IRF provides faster failover than VRRP, it is generally more difficult to manage a group of routing switches
that use IRF as opposed to a group that uses VRRP.
b. IRF allows you to assign a real IP address to each member and use a virtual IP address for the default gateway.
VRRP requires one of the members to own the virtual IP address.
c. Both IRF and VRRP use a single IP address for the default router functions, but IRF provides a simpler setup for
the complete routing solution.
d. VRRP and IRF fail over in about the same time, but IRF offers a simpler configuration.

3. A network architect is upgrading the campus LAN for a company with several buildings. The architect hopes to
create a flatter topology with two tiers instead of three. What will probably act as the primary factor for
determining whether a two-tier topology is possible?
a. the number and type of inter-building cables
b. the amount of bandwidth required for connecting to a WAN router
c. the need for a unified communications and collaboration (UC&C) solution
d. the total number of edge ports required for the campus


10

4. A customer has indicated that it is highly critical that only authorized users obtain any form of network access in the
research and development (R&D) building. Assume that all devices in this building are capable of both 802.1X and
MAC authentication. Which statement accurately describes both the criticality of the requirement and the correct
technology to use?
a. All physical ports and the wireless network in the R&D building should be secured with MAC-based
authentication.
b. All physical ports and the wireless network in the R&D building must be secured with MAC-based authentication.
c. All physical ports and the wireless network in the R&D building should be secured with 802.1X.
d. All physical ports and the wireless network in the R&D building must be secured with 802.1X.

5. What are two benefits of server virtualization? (Select two.)
a. Server virtualization enables companies to implement Software Defined Networking (SDN) no matter what their
underlying network infrastructure.
b. Server virtualization reduces overall costs by improving resource utilization.
c. Server virtualization plays a direct role in helping network administrators flatten the network architecture.
d. Server virtualization provides portability that can simplify disaster recovery and application rollouts.
e. Server virtualization makes it easier to secure server-to-server communications by moving some of those
communications within the physical machine.


6. Refer to the exhibit.
Figure 2: Exhibit for question 6

A network architect has designed the campus LAN topology shown in the exhibit. This customer also requires a
wireless network and plans to purchase an HP MultiService Mobility (MSM) 760 Access Controller and MSM APs for
this purpose. The customer requires seamless roaming and 802.1X authentication for the wireless network.
The customer uses a Windows domain to control user access to resources. The domain has 10 groups, each of
which includes between 75 and 125 users for 1000 users total. Users are expected to connect no more than one
wireless device at a time. The solution must support up to 650 concurrent wireless clients.
The network architect could take several approaches to designing the routing and VLAN solution. What is one valid
approach?

11
a. Implement access layer routing and 802.1X on the Ethernet ports in addition to the wireless network. Configure
the same IDs for dynamic VLANs on each access layer IRF, but associate each VLAN ID with a different subnet on
each access layer IRF.
b. Implement core routing and 802.1X on the Ethernet ports in addition to the wireless network. Use dynamic VLANs
for wired users and for wireless users, and extend all dynamic VLANs to each access layer IRF.
c. Implement core routing. Assign one static user VLAN to each access layer IRF. Create one VLAN for all wireless
users and extend that VLAN to each access layer IRF.
d. Implement access layer routing. Configure a single user VLAN and subnet (for wired and wireless users) on each
access layer IRF.


12
Answers
1. What are two benefits of an HP BladeSystem as opposed to rack servers? (Select two.)
a. smaller physical footprint
b. interconnect modules that specifically support virtualized environments
c. greater internal storage space on each individual server blade
d. support for HP Thermal Logic innovations
e. support for integrated Lights Out (iLO) technology
Explanation: An HP BladeSystem uses less space for 16 blade servers than would be used for 16 rack servers. In
addition, the BladeSystem eliminates cables between the servers and the network infrastructure access layer (which is
provided by interconnect modules). Therefore, answer a. is correct.
Network architects can choose Virtual Connect (VC) interconnect modules, which are specifically designed to support
virtualized environments. Therefore, answer b. is correct.
Answer c. is incorrect. The HP BladeSystem provides options for shared local storage, but individual server blades tend
to provide less internal storage space than rack servers.
Answers d. and e. are incorrect. The HP BladeSystem does provide these benefits. However, the rack servers also
support HP Thermal Logic features and iLO, so these technologies are not advantages of the BladeSystem over the rack
servers.

2. What is one difference between HP Intelligent Resilient Framework (IRF) and Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol
(VRRP)?
a. While IRF provides faster failover than VRRP, it generally more difficult to manage a group of routing switches
that use IRF as opposed to a group that uses VRRP.
b. IRF allows you to assign a real IP address to each member and use a virtual IP address for the default gateway.
VRRP requires one of the members to own the virtual IP address.
c. Both IRF and VRRP use a single IP address for the default router functions, but IRF provides a simpler setup for
the complete routing solution.
d. VRRP and IRF fail over in about the same time, but IRF offers a simpler configuration.
Explanation: Answer c. is correct. With IRF, the master and members have the same IP address on each VLAN or Layer 3
interface. Devices that implement VRRP each have their own IP address; however, they use a single IP address for the
default gateway functions. Therefore, IRF and VRRP present a similarly simple solution for assigning the default
gateway IP address to endpoints. However, when you consider the entire routing setup, it is easier to set up IRF. The
entire IRF group acts as a single virtual device, so you configure routing protocols just as you would for a single routing
device. With VRRP, the network architect needs to take more measures to ensure that the routing protocols operate
correctly during normal operation and failover. For example, both devices in a VRRP group would need to establish Open
Shortest Path First (OSPF) adjacencies with upstream routers on a subnet or subnets that do not use VRRP. The architect
might need to adjust costs to ensure that traffic reaches the VRRP master, and so on.
Answer a. is incorrect because IRF allows network administrators to manage two or sometimes more devices as a single
device while, with VRRP, the administrators must manage each device separately.
Answer b. is incorrect because it incorrectly describes how IRF and VRRP work. IRF does not assign a different real IP
address to every member. Instead every member and master share the same control plane and the same IP address on
each VLAN or Layer 3 interface. In addition, although one VRRP member can own the default gateway IP address, HP
devices that implement VRRP can also use a virtual IP address.
Answer d. is incorrect because IRF fails over significantly more quickly than VRRP.


13
3. A network architect is upgrading the campus LAN for a company with several buildings. The architect hopes to
create a flatter topology with two tiers instead of three. What will probably act as the primary factor for
determining whether a two-tier topology is possible?
a. the number and type of inter-building cables
b. the amount of bandwidth required for connecting to a WAN router
c. the need for a unified communications and collaboration (UC&C) solution
d. the total number of edge ports required for the campus
Explanation: In general, network architects should attempt to create a two-tier topology for campus LAN solutions.
Sometimes, it is not possible to create this topology because the customer has a multi-building campus, and the site
does not provide enough inter-building cables to connect the access layer directly to the campus LAN core. Therefore,
answer a. is correct.
The total number of edge ports required for the campus also plays a role in the decision. However, even in very large
networks with a good oversubscription ratio, a two-tier HP campus LAN solution can provide enough ports at the core to
support the required number of access layer uplinks—as long as the cables for those links are available. Therefore,
answer a. is a better answer than answer d.
Answer b. is incorrect. A network architect can plan adequate bandwidth for the connection to the WAN router regardless
of whether the topology has two tiers or three tiers.
Answer c. is incorrect. In general, a flat two-tier topology better supports a UC&C solution. However, the UC&C solution
itself does not make a two-tier topology possible or impossible.

4. A customer has indicated that it is highly critical that only authorized R&D users can obtain any form of network
access in the research and development (R&D) building. Assume that all devices in this building are capable of both
802.1X and MAC authentication. Which statement accurately describes both the criticality of the requirement and
the correct technology to use?
a. All physical ports and the wireless network in the R&D building should be secured with MAC-based
authentication.
b. All physical ports and the wireless network in the R&D building must be secured with MAC-based authentication.
c. All physical ports and the wireless network in the R&D building should be secured with 802.1X.
d. All physical ports and the wireless network in the R&D building must be secured with 802.1X.
Explanation: The best network access control technology for this customer is 802.1X rather than MAC authentication. In
general, MAC authentication is not very secure, and the customer has indicated that securing the ports against
unauthorized access is very important. The solution might need to allow MAC authentication if endpoints do not support
802.1X; however, the scenario indicates that the endpoints do support 802.1X. Therefore, either answer c. or d. is
correct.
Answer c. and d. are distinguished by the importance assigned to the requirement (must support versus should support).
The scenario indicates that this requirement is critical; therefore, answer d. is correct.

5. What are two benefits of server virtualization? (Select two.)
a. Server virtualization enables companies to implement Software Defined Networking (SDN) no matter what their
underlying network infrastructure.
b. Server virtualization reduces overall costs by improving resource utilization.
c. Server virtualization plays a direct role in helping network administrators flatten the network architecture.
d. Server virtualization provides portability that can simplify disaster recovery and application rollouts.
e. Server virtualization makes it easier to secure server-to-server communications by moving some of those
communications within the physical machine.
Explanation: Companies usually host a single service or application on each server to prevent interoperability issues.
However, as machines have become more powerful, this approach leaves the server underutilized. Server virtualization
enables a single physical machine to host several different virtual machines (VMs), promoting more efficient utilization
of the server hardware. Therefore, answer b. is correct.

14
A VM is also portable; the company can back up or replicate the image and install it where required. Therefore, answer d.
is also correct.
Answer a. is incorrect. SDN relates to virtualizing the network infrastructure control plane rather than to server
virtualization.
Answer c. is incorrect. Server virtualization might drive the need for a flatter network infrastructure architecture;
however, this technology itself does not help companies to achieve this architecture.
Answer e. is incorrect. Moving the server-to-server communications within the physical machine can actually make it
more difficult for a security solution to track the communications, detect threats, and mitigate threats (although HP
offers TippingPoint solutions that help).

6. Refer to the exhibit.
Figure 2: Exhibit for question 6

A network architect has designed the campus LAN topology shown in the exhibit. This customer also requires a
wireless network and plans to purchase an HP MultiService Mobility (MSM) 760 Access Controller and MSM APs for
this purpose. The customer requires seamless roaming and 802.1X authentication for the wireless network.
The customer uses a Windows domain to control user access to resources. The domain has 10 groups, each of
which includes between 75 and 125 users for 1000 users total. Users are expected to connect no more than one
wireless device at a time. The solution must support up to 650 wireless devices at a time.
The network architect could take several approaches to designing the routing and VLAN solution. What is one valid
approach?
a. Implement access layer routing and 802.1X on the Ethernet ports in addition to the wireless network. Configure
the same IDs for dynamic VLANs on each access layer IRF, but associate each VLAN ID with a different subnet on
each access layer IRF.
b. Implement core routing and 802.1X on the Ethernet ports in addition to the wireless network. Use dynamic VLANs
for wired users and for wireless users, and extend all dynamic VLANs to each access layer IRF.
c. Implement core routing. Assign one static user VLAN to each access layer IRF. Create one wireless user VLAN and
extend it to each access layer IRF.
d. Implement access layer routing. Configure a single user VLAN and subnet (for wired and wireless users) on each
access layer IRF.
Explanation: Answer b. is a valid solution. Using core routing and extending the VLANs for wireless users to every access
layer IRF ensures that wireless users can roam across the network. Dynamic VLANs might not be required for controlling
user access to resources. However, dynamic VLANs will divide the wireless users into smaller VLANs, which might help to
reduce broadcasts in wireless cells without interfering with roaming. (The solution is not perfect because the wireless
cell must support broadcasts for every user’s dynamic VLAN. However, it is unlikely that a user in every dynamic VLAN

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will connect to every AP, so broadcasts will be reduced a degree.) The dynamic VLANs are not necessarily required for
the wired ports, but they are a valid choice.
Answer a. and answer d. do not provide valid solutions for this customer because access layer routing can interfere with
seamless roaming. The customer is planning to purchase an MSM 760 Access Controller, which does not support the
Mobility Traffic Manager (MTM) feature that would allow this solution to meet the roaming needs.
Answer c. provides a solution that supports seamless roaming. However, the VLAN for wireless users might include up to
650 users. This VLAN could degrade performance due to excessive broadcasts, so it is not ideal.

Conclusion
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HP0-Y45: Architecting HP Network Solutions
Exam Preparation Guide / January 2013