# 1.

Find the equation of the circles with
(i)center
  1,1 2 and radius (ii)center
  2,3 4 and radius 
(iii)center  
2 2
, a b and radius a b    (iv)center
  cos , sin a a   and radius a
2.Find the equation of the circle passing through
  0, 0 and cutting intercepts a and bon the positive side
of x and y axes respectively .
3.Find the equation of the circle having radius 5 and passing through two points on x-axis at distance 4 from
the origin .
4.Find the equation of the circle passing through the point
  2, 4 and center at the point of intersection of the
lines 4 2 3 7. x y and x y     
5.If the equation of the two diameters of a circle are 2 6 3 2 4 x y and x y     and the radius is 10, find
the equation of the circle .
6.Find the equation of the circle of radius 5 whose center lies on y-axis and which passes through the point
  3, 2 .
7.Find the equation of the circle which passes theough the points
    1, 2 3, 2 and   and whose center lies
on the line 2 0. x y  
8.Find the equation of the circle which touches the axis of y at a distance 4 from the origin and cuts off an
intercept of length 6 on the axis of . x
9.Find the equation of the circle whose center is
  1, 2 and which passes through the point
  4,6 .
10.If the equation of the two diameters of a circle are 6 2 4 x y and x y     and the radius of the circle
is 10, find the equation of the circle .
11.The line 2 1 0 x y    is tangent to the circle at the point
  2,5 and the center of the circles is on the line
9. x y   Find the equation of the circle .
12.Find the equation of the circle which passes through the origin and cuts off intercepts 6 and 8 from the
positive parts of x and y axes respectively .
13.Find the equation of the circle which touches
(i)y-axis and has center at
  2,3 (ii)y-axis at the origin and has radius 4 .
14.Find the equation of the circle which touches the lines 0, 0 4 x y and x    and lies in the first
15.Find the equation of the circle having radius 2 and touching both axes .
16.Find the equation of the circle whose center is
  3, 4 and which touches the line 5 12 1. x y  
17.Find the equation of the circle passing through two points on y-axis at distances 3 from the origin and
18.Find the equation of the circle of radius 5 whose center lies on x-axis and passes through the point
  2,3 .
19.A circle has radius 3 units and its center lies on the line 1. y x   Find the equation of the circle if it
passes through
  7,3 .
20.Find the equation of the circle passing through the points
    1, 2 4, 3 and   and whose center lies on the
line 3 4 7. x y  
21.One of the diameters of the circle circumscribing the rectangle ABCD is 4 7 y x   . If A and B are the
points
    3, 4 5, 4 and  respectively , find the area of the rectangle and equation of the circle .
22.Find the equation of the circles which touch the axes and whose center lies on the line 2 3. x y  
23.Find the equation to the circles touching y-axis at
  0,3 and making an intercept of 8 units on the x-axis .
24.Find the equation of the circle which touches the axis of x at a distance 3 from the origin and cuts an
intercepts of length 6 on the axis of y .
25.A circle of radius 5 units touches the coordinate axes in the first quadrant . If the circle makes one
complete roll on x-axis along the positive direction of x-axis, find its equation in the new position .
26.Find the center and radius of the circle    
2 2
5 3 36. x y    
27.Find the center and radius of the circle
2 2
2 3 0. x y x y     
28.Find the center and radius of the circle
2 2
3 3 8 10 3 0 x y x y      .
29.Prove that the radii of the circles
2 2 2 2 2 2
1, 2 6 6 4 12 9 x y x y x y and x y x y           are in A.P. .
30.Find the coordinates of the middle point of the chord which the circle
2 2
4 2 3 0 x y x y      cuts off on
the line 2 0. x y   
31.(a)Examine whether the following equations represent a circle or not
2 2
3 3 2 3 0 x y xy x y      .
(b)Examine whether the following equations represent a circle or not
2 2
4 4 12 8 40 0 x y x y      .
(c)Examine whether the following equations represent a circle, a point or no circle
2 2
2 1 0 x y x     .
(d)Determine whether the following equations represent a circle or not
2 2
3 3 4 6 10 0 x y x y      .
32.Prove that the centers of the circles
2 2 2 2 2 2
1, 6 2 1 0 12 4 1 x y x y x y and x y x y            are
collinear .
33.Find the equation of the circle which is concentric with the circle
2 2
4 6 3 0 x y x y      and the doucle
of its area .
34.Find the equation of the circle concentric with the circle
2 2
4 8 6 0 x y x y      and having radius
35.The line 5 3 x y   is tangent to a circle at the point
  2, 7 and center of the circle is on the line
2 19. x y   Find the equation of the circle .
36.The line 4 3 12 x y    is tangent at the point
  3,0  and the line 3 4 16 x y   is tangent at the point
  4,1 to a circle . Find the equation of the circle .
37.Find the equation of the circle circumscribing the quadrilateral formed by the straight line
0,3 2 5, 10 2 3 0. x y x y x y and x y        
38.Find the area of an equilateral triangle inscribed in the circle
2 2
2 2 0 x y gx fy c      .
39.Find the equation of the circle passing through the vertices of the triangle whose sides are
2,3 4 6 0. x y x y and x y      
40.Find the equation of the circle passing through the point
  0, 0 and the points where the straight line
3 4 12 x y   meets the axes of coordinates .
41.Show that the points
        5,5 , 6, 4 , 2, 4 7,1 , and  all lie on a circle . Find its equation, center and
42.Find the equation of the circle which passes through the center of the circle
2 2
8 10 7 0 x y x y      and
is concentric with the circle
2 2
2 2 8 12 9 0. x y x y     
43.Find the equations to the circles touching y-axis at
  0,3 and making intercept of 8 units on the x-axis .
44.Find the equations of the circles passing through the following three points
(i)
      0,0 , 5,0 3,3 and (ii)
      1, 2 , 3, 4 5, 6 and   .
45. Find the equations of the circle when the end points of a diameter are
  5, 3  and
  2, 4  . Also find its
46. Find the equations of the circle whose diameter is the line segment joining the points
  2, 4  Find also
the intercept made by it on y-axis .
47. The abscissa of two points A and B are the roots of the equation
2 2
2 0 x ax b    and their ordinates
are the roots of the equation
2 2
2 0. x px q    Find the equation and the radius of the circle with AB as
diameter.
48. Find the equation of the circle passing through the point
  0, 0 and the points where the straight line
3 4 12, x y   meets the axes of coordinates.
49.Find the equation of the circle whose diameter is the portion of the line 3 4 14 0 x y    , intercepted by
the lines 11 4 . y x and x y  
50.The sides of a square are 1, 3, 2 4. x x y and y     Find the equation of the circle on the diagonal of
the square as its diameter .
51.Find the equation of the circle drawn on the intercept between the axes made by the line 3 4 12 x y   as
a diameter .
52.Show that the equation of the circle passing through the origin and cutting intercepts a and b on the
coordinate axes is
2 2
0. x y ax by    
53.If
  4,1 be end of a diameter of the circle
2 2
2 6 15 0, x y x y      find the coordinates of the other end
of the diameter .
54.Th sides of a square 6, 9, 3 6. x x y and y     Find the equation of a circle drawn on the diagonal of
the square as its diameter .
55.Find the equation of the circle circumscribing the rectangle whose sides are are
3 4,3 22, 3 14,3 62. x y x y x y x y        
56.Find the parametric equations of the following circles
(a)
2 2
3 3 4 x y   (b)
2 2
0 x y px py    
(c)
2 2
2 2 5 7 3 0 x y x y      (d)
2 2
3 3 4 6 4 0 x y x y      .
57.Find the equation of the circle in parametric form whose diameters are
2 3 12 0 4 5 0 x y and x y       and area is 154 .
58.Find the Cartesian equation of the following curves whose parametric equation
7 4cos , 3 4sin x y        .
59. Find the Cartesian equation of the following curves whose parametric equation
5 3cos , 7 3sin x y       .
60. Find the Cartesian equation of the following curves whose parametric equation
cos sin 1, sin cos 2 x y           .
61. Find the Cartesian equation of the following curves whose parametric equation 5cos , 5sin x y     .
62.Show that cos sin sin cos . x a b and y a b        
63.Show that the point
  , , x y where 5cos , 3 5sin , x y       lies on a circle for all values of  .
64.Prove that cos sin sin cos . x y a and x y b        
65.Show that the point
  , , x y where 5cos , 3 5sin , x y       lies on a circle for all values of  .
66.Show that the point
  , , x y where cos , sin , x a r y b r       lies on a circle for all values of  .
67.Determine the number of points of intersection of the circle
2 2
6 4 8 0 x y x y      with each of the
following lines
(i) 2 1 0 x y    (ii) 4 3 12 0 x y    .
68.Find the points in which the line 2 1 y x   cuts the circle
2 2
2. x y   Also find the length of the chord
intercepted .
69.Find the points of intersection of the circle
2 2
3 3 29 19 56 0 x y x y      and the line 2. y x   Also find
the length of the chord intercepted .
70.If 2 y x  is a chord of the circle
2 2
10 0, x y x    find the equation of the circle with this chord as
diameter . Hnece find the length of the chord intercepted .
71.Find the length of intercepted made by the circle
2 2
4 6 5 0 x y x y      on the x-axes .
72.Prove that the line 2 y x   a touches the circle
2 2 2
. x y a   Also find the point of contact .
73.Find the condition that the line 0 lx my n    may touch the circle
2 2 2
. x y a  
74.If the circle
2 2
2 2 5 x y x   touches the line 3 4 , x y k   find the values of k .
75.Find the equation to the circle which is concentric with
2 2
6 7 0 x y x     and touches the line
3 0. x y   
76.Find the equations of the tangents to the circle
2 2
25 x y   which are parallel to the line 2 4. y x  
77.Find the equations of the tangents to the circle
2 2
2 4 4 x y x y     which are perpendicular to the line
3 4 1 0. x y   
78.Find the equations of the tangents to the circles
2 2
9 x y   which make an angle of 60 with the positive
direction of x-axis .
79.Find the equation of the tangents to the circles
2 2
10 x y   drawn from the point
  4, 2 . 
80.Find the equations of the tangents to the circles
2 2
20 20 20 0 x y x y      through the origin .
81.Find the equations of the tangents drawn from the point
  0,1 to the circle
2 2
2 4 0. x y x y    
82.Find the equations of the circle which touches the line 2, y  passes through origin and the point where
the curve
2
2 8 0 y x    meets the x-axis .
83.Find the equations of the circles which have radius 13 and touch the line 2 3 1 0 x y    at
  1,1 .
84.Find the equations of the circles satisfying the given conditions:-
Touches the line 3 3 0 x y    at
  3,6  and tangent to 3 7 0. x y   
85.If the line 1 px qy   touches the circle
2 2 2
, x y r   prove that the point
  , p q lies on the circle
2 2 2
. x y r

 
86.Prove that the line 5 x y   touches the circle
2 2
2 4 3 0. x y x y      Also find the point of contact .
87.Find the equations of the tangents to the circle
2 2
6 4 12 0 x y x y      which are perpendicular to the
line 5 12 1 0 x y    .
88.The line 5 3 x y   is a tangent to a circle at the point
  2, 7 and its center is on the line 2 19. x y  
Find the equation of the circle .
89.Find the equation of the circle having radius 5 and touching the line 3 4 5 0 x y    at the point
  1, 2 .
90.Find the equation of the circle passing through the point
  2,1  and touching the line 3 2 6 0 x y    at
the point
  4,3 .
91.Prove that the circle
2 2
6 2 9 0 x y x y      lies entirely inside the circle
2 2
18. x y  
92.Prove that the circles
2 2 2 2
4 6 8 0 10 6 14 0 x y x y and x y x y           .
93.Show that the circles
2 2 2 2
2 6 9 0 8 6 9 0 x y x y and x y x y           .
94.Prove that the circles
2 2 2 2
6 2 1 0 2 8 13 0 x y x y and x y x y           touch one another and find
the equation of the tangent at their point of contact .
95.Show that the circles
2 2 2 2
2 6 6 10 0 x y and x y x y        touch each other . Do these circles touch
externally or internally . Also find their point of contact .
96.Find the equation of the circle whose radius is 3 and which touches the circle
2 2
4 6 12 0 x y x y     
internally at the point
2 2
4 6 12 0 x y x y     
97.A circle of radius 2 lies in the first quadrant and touches both the axes of co-ordinates . Find the equation
of the circle with center at
  6,5 and touching the above circle externally . Also find the equation of the
common tangent at the point where the two circles touch each other .
98.Find the equation of the family of circles passing through the points
    5,0 5,0 . A and B 
99.Find the equation of the circle which passes through the origin and the point of intersection of the circles
2 2 2 2
2 2 2 0 4 8 4 0 x y x y and x y x y           .
100.Find the equation of the circle which passes through the point
  1, 1  and through the points of
intersection of the circles
2 2 2 2
2 2 23 0 3 3 12 4 9 0 x y x y and x y x y           .
101.Find the equation of the circle passing through the point
  2,3 and through the points of intersection of
the circle
2 2
3 4 5 0 x y x y      and the line 2 0 x y    .
102.Find the equation of the circle which passes through the intersection of the circles
2 2
3 2 6 0 x y x y      and
2 2
5 4 2 0 x y x y      and has its center on the line 0 x y   .
103.Find the equation of the circle whose diameter is the chord 1 x y   of the circle
2 2
4 x y   .
104.If y mx  be the equation of a chord of a circle
2 2
2 0, x y ax    prove that the equation of the circle
of which this chord is diameter is
    
2 2 2
1 2 0 m x y a x my      .
105.Find the equation of the smallest circle passing through the common points of the two circles
2 2 2 2
2 3 1 0 4 3 2 0. x y x y and x y x y          
106.Find the equations of the circle which touch 2 3 0 x y    and pass through the points of intersection of
the line 2 1 0 andx y    and the circle
2 2
2 1 0. x y x    
107.If the line cos sin x y p     cuts the circle
2 2 2
x y a   in M and N , then show that the circle
whose diameter is MN is
 
2 2 2
2 cos sin x y a p x y p        .
108.Find the equation of the circle pass through the points of intersection of the circles
2 2 2 2
6 4 5 0 6 8 1 0 x y x y and x y x y           and radius is 3 .
109.Find the equation of the circle passes through the points of intersection of
2 2 2 2
4 0 2 4 4 0 x y and x y x y         and touches the line 2 0. x y  
110.Find the values of m for which the line y mx  does not intersect the circle
2 2
20 20 0. x y x    
111.Find the points on the circle
2 2
4 x y   whose distance from the line 4 3 12 x y   is
4
5
units .
112.A circle
2 2
2 2 0 x y ax y     cuts the axis of x at the point A and it circumscribes an equilateral
triangle with OAas one of its sides, where O is the origin . Find the value of a and the vertices of the
equilateral triangle .
113.Find the equations of the circle passing through the point
  4, 2 A  and touching the lines
2 2. x y and x y    
114.Prove that the circles
2 2 2 2
2 0 2 x y ax c and x y       by 0 c   touch if
2 2
1 1 1
.
a b c
 
115.Find the nearest point and the farthest point on the circle
2 2
4 2 20 0 x y x y      from the point
  10, 7 .
116.The circle
2 2
6 10 0 x y x y p      does not intersect or touch either axis and the point
  1, 4 is inside
the circle .Calculate the range of possible values of . p
117.Find the equation of a circle touching the line 2 1 x y   at the point
  3, 1  and passing through the
point
  2,1 .
118.Find the equation of the circle with center on the line 2 0 x y   and touching the lines
4 3 10 0 4 3 30 0 x y and x y       .
119.Find the equations of circles with radius 3 and which touch the circle
2 2
2 4 20 0 x y x y      at the
point
  5,5 .
120.If the two circles    
2 2
2 2 2
1 3 8 2 8 0 x y r and x y x y          interest in two distinct points,
then prove that 2 8. r   c
121.Show that the circles
   
2 2
3 4 2 10 0 x y p x p y p        passes through the point
  3,1 for all
values of . p If p varies, find
(i)the equation of the locus of the center of the circle
(ii)the value of p for which the line 3 x  is a tangent top the circle .