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Automatic Street Lightning

Needs no manual operation for switching ON and OFF. When there is need of light. It
detects itself weather there is need for light or not. When darkness rises to a certain
value then automatically street light is switched ON and when there is other source of
light i.e. day time, the street light gets OFF. The sensitiveness of the street light can also
be adjusted. In our project we have used four L.E.D for indication of bulb but for high
power switching one can connect Relay (electromagnetic switch) at the output of pin 3 of
I.C 555. Then it will be possible to turn ON/OFF any electrical appliances connected all
the way through relay.

This circuit uses a popular timer I.C 555. I.C 555 is connected as comparator with pin-6
connected with positive rail, the output goes high(1) when the trigger pin 2 is at lower
then 1/3rd level of the supply voltage. Conversely the output goes low (0) when it is
above 1/3rd level. So small change in the voltage of pin-2 is enough to change the level
of output (pin-3) from 1 to 0 and 0 to 1. The output has only two states high and low and
can not remain in any intermediate stage.

AMIT KUMAR SAHOO Rashmi Rekha Sahoo
EICE-A Asst. Prof.,EICE-A

While actually giving in to our bodys natural wants such as sleep, were keeping the
balance beam in an upright and neutral position generally a good thing to do. But life
comes and calls quite often, many times forcing us to put hunger, drowsiness, and other
basic human needs on the back burner in order to seal the deal and get the job done.
So heres the scenario, youre sitting in your car getting ready for a big meeting that if
completed will net your company nice little multi-billion dollar deal. Youre supposed to
be going over your notes and preparing yourself for this staple achievement. But
instead, you find yourself doing the whole bobble head thing, getting dangerously to the
steering wheel with each and every bob. If only there were something to keep you

This circuit saves both time and electricity for students. It helps to prevent them from
dozing off while studying, by sounding a beep at a fixed time interval, say, 30 minutes. If
the student is awake during the beep, he can reset the circuit to beep in the next 30
minutes. If the timer is not reset during this time, it means the student is in deep sleep or
not in the room, and the circuit switches off the light and fan in the room, thus preventing
the wastage of electricity.

AMIT KUMAR SAHOO Rashmi Rekha Sahoo
EICE-A Asst. Prof.,EICE-A