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ANALAYSIS & DESIGN

Bus shelter at Tallapudi


Est.Cost.Rs.10.00 lakhs

S & DESIGN

ter at Tallapudi

Rs.10.00 lakhs

DESIGN OF ROOF BEAM


Design Parametres:Concrete mix
Steel
Cover to Reinforcement
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =
Yield strength of steel =

:
:
:

Item
Distance from node at start(Node 37)
Width of beam 'b' in 'm'
Depth of beam 'D' in 'm'
Dia.of bars assumed
Bending Moment Mu in KN-m
Shear force Vu in KN
Torsional Moment 'T' in KN-m
Equivalent bending moment Mt in KN-m
Design Moment Me1 in KN-m
Effective depth for balanced section in 'mm'
Effective depth provided 'd' in 'mm'
Actual depth of neutral axis 'xu' in 'mm'
Maximum depth of neutral axis 'xumax' in
'mm'
Singly Reinforced or Doubly reinforced
Area of steel required Ast in 'mm2'
Main Steel provided

Side face reinforcement required in mm 2 on


each face
Side face reinforcement provided on
each face
Side face reinforcement provided in mm 2
on each face
Total Area of steel provided in 'mm2'
Percentage of steel provided pt
Equivalent shear force Ve in KN
Equivalent shear stress tve in N/sqmm
Max.shear strength of section tcmax in
N/sqmm
Design shear strength of section tc in
N/sqmm

Front& Rear Beams ----(Beam Nos 27&29)


At Top
0.00m
0.23
0.425
12mm
47.1
68.8
0.16
0.27
47.37
273.17
394
79.3062259
189.12
Singly
reinforced
363.75
2-12mm+212mm
crank
0
Nil
0
452.16
0.50
69.91
0.77
2.8
0.48

Shear force Vus for which stirrups required


in KN
Dia of Vertical two legged stirrups
assumed
Area of two legged vertical stirrups Asv in

26.4124
8mm
100.48

mm
Spacing required S v in mm
Design Bond stress tbd in N/sqmm
Development length Ld in mm
(M1/V)+Lo

462.52
1.92
564.14
1282.164

DESIGN OF ROOF BEAM


Design Parametres:Concrete mix
Steel
Cover to Reinforcement
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =
Yield strength of steel =
Item
Distance from node at start(Node 42)
Width of beam 'b' in 'm'
Depth of beam 'D' in 'm'
Dia.of bars assumed
Bending Moment Mu in KN-m
Shear force Vu in KN
Torsional Moment 'T' in KN-m
Equivalent bending moment Mt in KN-m
Design Moment Me1 in KN-m
Effective depth for balanced section in 'mm'
Effective depth provided 'd' in 'mm'
Actual depth of neutral axis 'xu' in 'mm'
Maximum depth of neutral axis 'xumax' in
'mm'
Singly Reinforced or Doubly reinforced

:
:
:

Cross Beams ----(Beam Nos 150&151)


At Top
0.00m
0.23
0.525
20mm
128
130
0.09
0.17
128.17
449.34
490
188.367019
235.2

Singly
reinforced
863.97
Area of steel required Ast in 'mm2'
Main Steel provided
2-16mm+220mm
crank
0
Side face reinforcement required in mm 2 on
each face
Side face reinforcement provided on
Nil
each face

Side face reinforcement provided in mm 2


on each face
Total Area of steel provided in 'mm2'
Percentage of steel provided pt
Equivalent shear force Ve in KN
Equivalent shear stress tve in N/sqmm
Max.shear strength of section tcmax in
N/sqmm
Design shear strength of section tc in
N/sqmm
Shear force Vus for which stirrups required
in KN
Dia of Vertical two legged stirrups
assumed
Area of two legged vertical stirrups Asv in

0
1029.92
0.91
130.63
1.16
2.8
0.60
63.01
8mm
100.48

mm
Spacing required S v in mm
Design Bond stress tbd in N/sqmm
Development length Ld in mm
(M1/V)+Lo

314.04
1.92
940.23
1832.519

DESIGN OF ROOF BEAM


Design Parametres:Concrete mix
Steel
Cover to Reinforcement
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =
Yield strength of steel =
Item
Distance from node at start(Node 47)
Width of beam 'b' in 'm'
Depth of beam 'D' in 'm'
Dia.of bars assumed
Bending Moment Mu in KN-m
Shear force Vu in KN
Torsional Moment 'T' in KN-m
Equivalent bending moment Mt in KN-m
Design Moment Me1 in KN-m
Effective depth for balanced section in 'mm'
Effective depth provided 'd' in 'mm'
Actual depth of neutral axis 'xu' in 'mm'

:
:
:

Cantilever Beam portions---(Beams 86&87)


At Top
0.00m
0.23
0.525
20mm
120
73.4
0.03
0.06
120.06
434.89
490
173.871821

Maximum depth of neutral axis 'xumax' in


'mm'
Singly Reinforced or Doubly reinforced

235.2

Singly
reinforced
797.48
Area of steel required Ast in 'mm2'
Main Steel provided
2-16mm+220mm
crank
0
Side face reinforcement required in mm 2 on
each face
Side face reinforcement provided on
Nil
each face
0
Side face reinforcement provided in mm 2
on each face
1029.92
Total Area of steel provided in 'mm2'
0.91
Percentage of steel provided pt
73.61
Equivalent shear force Ve in KN
0.65
Equivalent shear stress tve in N/sqmm
2.8
Max.shear strength of section tcmax in
N/sqmm
0.60
Design shear strength of section tc in
N/sqmm
5.99
Shear force Vus for which stirrups required
in KN
Dia of Vertical two legged stirrups
8mm
assumed
100.48
Area of two legged vertical stirrups Asv in
mm2
Spacing required S v in mm
Design Bond stress tbd in N/sqmm
Development length Ld in mm
(M1/V)+Lo

558.65
1.92
940.23
3050.333

OF BEAM

M20
Fe415
25mm
20N/sqmm
415N/sqmm

Rear Beams ----(Beam Nos 27&29)


At bottom
1.65m
0.23
0.425
12mm
22.9
35
0.16
0.27
23.17
191.05
394
36.9683851
189.12
Singly
reinforced
169.56
2-12mm+212mm
crank
0
Nil
0
452.16
0.50
36.11
0.4
2.8
0.48

-7.3876
8mm
100.48
880.73
1.92
564.14
2411.591

OF BEAM

M20
Fe415
25mm
20N/sqmm
415N/sqmm

Beams ----(Beam Nos 150&151)


At bottom
1.88m
0.23
0.525
20mm
59.8
65
0.09
0.17
59.97
307.36
490
79.2951201
235.2
Singly
reinforced
363.7
2-16mm+220mm
crank
0
Nil

0
1029.92
0.91
65.63
0.58
2.8
0.60
-1.99
8mm
100.48
621.43
1.92
940.23
3675.867

OF BEAM

M20
Fe415
25mm
20N/sqmm
415N/sqmm

r Beam portions---(Beams 86&87)


At bottom

DESIGN OF TWO WAY SLAB:Design Parametres:Unit weight of RCC =


Concrete mix
Steel
Cover to Reinforcement
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =
Yield strength of steel =
Item
S1
Length of slab panel ly in m
4.5
Width of slab panel lx in m
3.3
ly/lx
1.36
Overall depth required in mm
103
1.00
Width of slab panel considered 'b' in
'm'
0.125
Depth provided 'D' in 'm'
Dia.of bars assumed
8mm
Dead load in KN/sqm
4.83
Live load in KN/sqm
2.00
Floor finishes in KN/sqm
0.80
Total Load in KN/sqm
7.63
Short span(-) moment at continuous
7.56
edge
Short span(+) moment at mid span
5.73
Long span(-) moment at continuous
4.98
edge
Long span(+) moment at mid span
4.98
11.33
Design Moment Me1(-)ve in KN-m
Effective depth for balanced section in
64.08
'mm'
96
Effective depth provided 'd' in 'mm'
17.78
Actual depth of neutral axis 'xu' in
'mm'
46.08
Maximum depth of neutral axis 'xumax'
in 'mm'
354.59
Area of steel required Ast in 'mm2'
Main Steel provided at continuous 8mm@125
edge
mm c/c
401.92
Area of steel provided in mm2
8.59
Design Moment Me1(+)ve in KN-m
Effective depth for balanced section in
55.8
'mm'
13.2
Actual depth of neutral axis 'xu' in
'mm'
46.08
Maximum depth of neutral axis 'xumax'
in 'mm'
263.15
Area of steel required Ast in 'mm2'

25KN/cum
: M20
: Fe415
: 25mm
20N/sqmm
415N/sqmm
Slab panel Description

Main Steel provided at mid span

8mm@150
mm c/c
2
334.93
Area of steel provided in mm
7.47
Design Moment Me1(-)ve in KN-m(Long
span)
Effective depth for balanced section in
52.04
'mm'
11.38
Actual depth of neutral axis 'xu' in
'mm'
46.08
Maximum depth of neutral axis 'xumax'
in 'mm'
226.91
Area of steel required Ast in 'mm2'
Dist. Steel provided at continuous 8mm@150
edge
mm c/c
2
334.93
Area of steel provided in mm
Dist.steel at mid span
8mm@150
mm c/c

scription

DESIGN OF PLINTH BEAM


Design Parametres:Concrete mix
Steel
Cover to Reinforcement
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =
Yield strength of steel =

:
:
:

Item

Left side end Beam---Member 6


At Top

Distance from node at start(Node 13)


0.00m
3.89m
0.23
0.23
Width of beam 'b' in 'm'
0.3
0.3
Depth of beam 'D' in 'm'
Dia.of bars assumed
12mm
12mm
Bending Moment Mu in KN-m
29.2666667 31.2666667
Shear force Vu in KN
62.3
63.7
Torsional Moment 'T' in KN-m
0.41
0.41
0.56
0.56
Equivalent bending moment Mt in KN-m
29.8266667 31.8266667
Design Moment Me1 in KN-m
Effective depth for balanced section in 'mm'
216.76
223.91
Effective depth provided 'd' in 'mm'
Actual depth of neutral axis 'xu' in 'mm'
Maximum depth of neutral axis 'xumax' in
'mm'
Singly Reinforced or Doubly reinforced
Area of steel required Ast in 'mm2'
Main Steel provided

Side face reinforcement required in mm 2 on


each face
Side face reinforcement provided on
each face
Side face reinforcement provided in mm 2
on each face
Total Area of steel provided in 'mm2'
Percentage of steel provided pt
Equivalent shear force Ve in KN
Equivalent shear stress tve in N/sqmm
Max.shear strength of section tcmax in
N/sqmm
Design shear strength of section tc in
N/sqmm

254
254
82.0397191 88.6645218
121.92
121.92
Singly
Singly
reinforced
reinforced
376.29
406.67
2-12mm+2- 2-12mm+212mm
12mm
crank
crank
0

Nil

Nil

452.16
0.77
65.15
1.12
2.8

452.16
0.77
66.55
1.14
2.8

0.57

0.57

Shear force Vus for which stirrups required


in KN
Dia of Vertical two legged stirrups
assumed
Area of two legged vertical stirrups Asv in

31.8506

33.2506

8mm

8mm

100.48

100.48

270.55
1.92
564.14
902.369

265.22
1.92
564.14
878.449

mm
Spacing required S v in mm
Design Bond stress tbd in N/sqmm
Development length Ld in mm
(M1/V)+Lo

Note:-As the plinth beam is resting on semi-elastic foundation,the design moments are suitably reduced and the secti

NTH BEAM

M20
Fe415
40mm
20N/sqmm
415N/sqmm
side end Beam---Member 6
At bottom
1.94m
0.23
0.3
12mm
25.5
32
0.41
0.56
26.06
202.61
254
70.0753963
121.92
Singly
reinforced
321.41
2-12mm+112mm
crank
0
Nil
0
339.12
0.58
34.85
0.6
2.8
0.51

5.0558
8mm
100.48
478.47
1.92
564.14
1212.874

s are suitably reduced and the section is found safe

DESIGN OF COLUMNS
Design Parametres:Concrete mix
: M20
Steel
: Fe415
Cover to Reinforcement d'
: 40mm
Unit weight of RCC =
25KN/cum
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =
20N/sqmm
Yield strength of steel =
415N/sqmm
Item
Rear corner Column
Rear centre column
41
42
43
50
51
52
Member in STADD Analysis
Axial load Pu (KN)
471.15
344.06
125.72
497.7
373.05
102.75
Moment about 'y' axis My(KN29.76
19.23
5.78
3.17
12.89
8.83
m)
Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KN11.83
2.64
4.71
0.92
0.101
1.3
m)
Eccentricity about 'y' axis in
63.16
55.89
45.98
6.37
34.55
85.94
'mm'
Eccentricity about 'z' axis in
25.11
7.67
37.46
1.85
0.27
12.65
'mm'
29.76
19.23
5.78
9.95
12.89
8.83
Moment about 'y' axis My(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity
Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity

11.83

6.88

4.71

9.95

7.46

2.06

Un supported length about 'y'


axis in 'm'
Un supported length about 'z'
axis in 'mm'
Depth about 'y' axis in 'm'
Depth about 'z' axis in 'm'
Effective length about 'y' axis
ley in 'm'

1.8

4.2

3.35

1.8

4.2

3.35

1.8

4.2

3.35

1.8

4.2

3.35

0.45
0.23
1.44

0.45
0.23
3.36

0.45
0.23
2.68

0.45
0.23
1.44

0.45
0.23
3.36

0.45
0.23
2.68

Effective length about 'z' axis


lez in 'm'

1.44

3.36

2.68

1.44

3.36

2.68

Slenderness ratio about 'y'


axis
Slenderness ratio about 'z'
axis
Percentage of steel 'p'
Moment due to slenderness
about 'y' axis May in KN-m
Moment due to slenderness
about 'z' axis Maz in KN-m
Design moment Muy in KN-m

3.2

7.47

5.96

3.2

7.47

5.96

6.26

14.61

11.65

6.26

14.61

11.65

1.82
0

1.82
0

1.82
0

1.82
0

1.82
0

1.82
0

8.44

9.16

29.76

19.23

5.78

9.95

12.89

8.83

Design moment Muz in KN-m

11.83

15.32

4.71

9.95

16.62

2.06

d'/D about 'y' axis


d'/D about 'z' axis

0.09
0.17

0.09
0.17

0.09
0.17

0.09
0.17

0.09
0.17

0.09
0.17

Pu/fckbD
p/fck
Muy1/fckbd2 from SP-16
Muz1/fckbd2 from SP-16
Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'y' axis Muy1
Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'z' axis Muz1
Max.axial load capacity Puz
Pu/Puz
an
(Muy/Muy1)an + (Muz/Muz1)an
Area of steel Required in mm 2
Spacing of 8mm ties in 'mm'
Reinforcement provided
Area of steel provideded in
mm2

0.228
0.091
0.13
0.11
121.1

0.166
0.091
0.135
0.11
125.75

0.061
0.091
0.13
0.115
121.1

0.24
0.091
0.13
0.11
121.1

0.18
0.091
0.135
0.11
125.75

0.05
0.091
0.13
0.11
121.1

52.37

52.37

54.75

52.37

52.37

52.37

1500.85
0.31
1.18
0.36
1883.70

1500.85
0.23
1.05
0.41
1883.70

1500.85
0.08
1.00
0.13
1883.70

1500.85
0.33
1.22
0.18
1883.70

1500.85
0.25
1.08
0.37
1883.70

1500.85
0.07
1.00
0.11
1883.70

190
6-20
1884.00

190
6-20
1884.00

190
6-20
1884.00

190
6-20
1884.00

190
6-20
1884.00

190
6-20
1884.00

Note:-From the ratio,we can see that the column section is safe but not economical

DESIGN OF COLUMNS
Design Parametres:Concrete mix
: M20
Steel
: Fe415
Cover to Reinforcement d'
: 40mm
Unit weight of RCC =
25KN/cum
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =
20N/sqmm
Yield strength of steel =
415N/sqmm
Item
Front centre column
65
66
67
Member in STADD Analysis
Axial load Pu (KN)
592.03
536.97
181.12
Moment about 'y' axis My(KN2.92
8.4
8.78
m)
Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KN0.5
0.37
0.96
m)
Eccentricity about 'y' axis in
4.93
15.64
48.48
'mm'
Eccentricity about 'z' axis in
0.84
0.69
5.3
'mm'
11.84
10.74
8.78
Moment about 'y' axis My(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity

Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity

11.84

10.74

3.62

Un supported length about 'y'


axis in 'm'
Un supported length about 'z'
axis in 'mm'
Depth about 'y' axis in 'm'
Depth about 'z' axis in 'm'
Effective length about 'y' axis
ley in 'm'

1.8

4.2

3.35

1.8

4.2

3.35

0.45
0.23
1.44

0.45
0.23
3.36

0.45
0.23
2.68

Effective length about 'z' axis


lez in 'm'

1.44

3.36

2.68

Slenderness ratio about 'y'


axis
Slenderness ratio about 'z'
axis
Percentage of steel 'p'
Moment due to slenderness
about 'y' axis May in KN-m
Moment due to slenderness
about 'z' axis Maz in KN-m
Design moment Muy in KN-m

3.2

7.47

5.96

6.26

14.61

11.65

1.82
0

1.82
0

1.82
0

13.18

11.84

10.74

8.78

Design moment Muz in KN-m

11.84

23.92

3.62

d'/D about 'y' axis


d'/D about 'z' axis
Pu/fckbD
p/fck

0.09
0.17
0.286
0.091
0.135
0.115
125.75

0.09
0.17
0.259
0.091
0.13
0.11
121.1

0.09
0.17
0.087
0.091
0.13
0.11
121.1

54.75

52.37

52.37

1500.85
0.39
1.32
0.18
1883.70

1500.85
0.36
1.27
0.42
1883.70

1500.85
0.12
1.00
0.14
1883.70

190
6-20
1884.00

190
6-20
1884.00

190
6-20
1884.00

Muy1/fckbd2 from SP-16


Muz1/fckbd2 from SP-16
Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'y' axis Muy1
Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'z' axis Muz1
Max.axial load capacity Puz
Pu/Puz
an
(Muy/Muy1)an + (Muz/Muz1)an
Area of steel Required in mm 2
Spacing of 8mm ties in 'mm'
Reinforcement provided
Area of steel provideded in
mm2

Note:-From the ratio,we can see that the column section is safe but not economical

DESIGN OF CIRCULAR COLUMNS


Design Parametres:Concrete mix
: M20
Steel
: Fe415
Cover to Reinforcement d'
: 40mm
Unit weight of RCC =
25KN/cum
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =
20N/sqmm
Yield strength of steel =
415N/sqmm
Item
Front centre columns
71
72
73
Member in STADD Analysis
Axial load Pu (KN)
563.35
198.16
608.08
Moment about 'y' axis My(KN2.25
7.09
6.99
m)
Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KN1.43
1.54
2.09
m)
Eccentricity about 'y' axis in
3.7
12.59
35.27
'mm'
Eccentricity about 'z' axis in
2.35
2.73
10.55
'mm'
12.16
11.27
6.99
Moment about 'y' axis My(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity
Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity

12.16

11.27

3.96

Un supported length about 'y'


axis in 'm'
Un supported length about 'z'
axis in 'mm'
Depth about 'y' axis in 'm'
Depth about 'z' axis in 'm'
Effective length about 'y' axis
ley in 'm'

1.8

4.2

3.35

1.8

4.2

3.35

0.4
0.4
1.44

0.4
0.4
3.36

0.4
0.4
2.68

Effective length about 'z' axis


lez in 'm'

1.44

3.36

2.68

Slenderness ratio about 'y'


axis
Slenderness ratio about 'z'
axis
Percentage of steel 'p'
Moment due to slenderness
about 'y' axis May in KN-m
Moment due to slenderness
about 'z' axis Maz in KN-m
Design moment Muy in KN-m

3.6

8.4

6.7

3.6

8.4

6.7

1
0

1
0

1
0

12.16

11.27

6.99

Design moment Muz in KN-m

12.16

11.27

3.96

d'/D about 'y' axis


d'/D about 'z' axis
Pu/fckD2
p/fck

0.1
0.1
0.19
0.05
0.065
0.065
83.2

0.1
0.1
0.176
0.05
0.065
0.065
83.2

0.1
0.1
0.062
0.05
0.06
0.06
76.8

83.2

83.2

76.8

1923.6
0.32
1.20
0.2
1600.00

1923.6
0.29
1.15
0.2
1600.00

1923.6
0.1
1.00
0.14
1600.00

190
8-16
1607.68

190
8-16
1607.68

190
8-16
1607.68

Muy1/fckd3 from SP-16


Muz1/fckd3 from SP-16
Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'y' axis Muy1
Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'z' axis Muz1
Max.axial load capacity Puz
Pu/Puz
an
(Muy/Muy1)an + (Muz/Muz1)an
Area of steel Required in mm 2
Spacing of 8mm ties in 'mm'
Reinforcement provided
Area of steel provideded in
mm2

Note:-From the ratio,we can see that the column section is safe but not economical

DESIGN OF COLUMNS

Design Parametres:Concrete mix


Steel
Cover to Reinforcement d'
Unit weight of RCC =
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =
Yield strength of steel =
Item
Column 4
28
73
Member in STADD Analysis
Axial load Pu (KN)
372.58
242.83
Moment about 'y' axis My(KN7.1
10.6
m)
Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KN1.07
0.89
m)
Eccentricity about 'y' axis in
19.06
43.65
'mm'
Eccentricity about 'z' axis in
2.87
3.67
'mm'
7.45
10.6
Moment about 'y' axis My(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity

: M20
: Fe415
: 40mm
25KN/cum
20N/sqmm
415N/sqmm
115
244.16
15

29
244.16
15

Column 5
74
148.25
13.12

116
46.85
13.04

8.53

8.53

6.69

6.3

61.44

61.44

88.5

278.34

34.94

34.94

45.13

134.47

15

15

13.12

13.04

Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity

7.45

4.86

8.53

8.53

6.69

6.3

Un supported length about 'y'


axis in 'm'
Un supported length about 'z'
axis in 'mm'
Depth about 'y' axis in 'm'
Depth about 'z' axis in 'm'
Effective length about 'y' axis
ley in 'm'

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

0.23
0.3
1.32

0.23
0.3
2.808

0.23
0.3
2.56

0.23
0.3
1.32

0.23
0.3
2.808

0.23
0.3
2.56

Effective length about 'z' axis


lez in 'm'

1.32

2.808

2.56

1.32

2.808

2.56

Slenderness ratio about 'y'


axis
Slenderness ratio about 'z'
axis
Percentage of steel 'p'
Moment due to slenderness
about 'y' axis May in KN-m
Moment due to slenderness
about 'z' axis Maz in KN-m
Design moment Muy in KN-m

5.74

12.21

11.13

5.74

12.21

11.13

4.4

9.36

8.53

4.4

9.36

8.53

1.16
0

1.16
4.16

1.16
0

1.16
0

1.16
2.54

1.16
0

7.45

14.76

15

15

15.66

13.04

Design moment Muz in KN-m

7.45

4.86

8.53

8.53

6.69

6.3

d'/D about 'y' axis


d'/D about 'z' axis
Pu/fckbD

0.17
0.13
0.27

0.17
0.13
0.176

0.17
0.13
0.177

0.17
0.13
0.177

0.17
0.13
0.107

0.17
0.13
0.034

p/fck
2

Muy1/fckbd from SP-16


Muz1/fckbd2 from SP-16
Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'y' axis Muy1
Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'z' axis Muz1
Max.axial load capacity Puz
Pu/Puz
an
(Muy/Muy1)an + (Muz/Muz1)an
Area of steel Required in mm 2
Spacing of 8mm ties in 'mm'
Reinforcement provided
Area of steel provideded in
mm2

0.058
0.09
0.095
28.57

0.058
0.09
0.095
28.57

0.058
0.08
0.09
25.39

0.058
0.09
0.095
28.57

0.058
0.085
0.09
26.98

0.058
0.08
0.085
25.39

39.33

39.33

37.26

39.33

37.26

35.19

862.92
0.43
1.38
0.26
800.40

862.92
0.28
1.13
0.57
800.40

862.92
0.28
1.13
0.74
800.40

862.92
0.28
1.13
0.66
800.40

862.92
0.17
1.00
0.76
800.40

862.92
0.05
1.00
0.69
800.40

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

DESIGN OF COLUMNS
Design Parametres:Concrete mix
Steel
Cover to Reinforcement d'
Unit weight of RCC =
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =
Yield strength of steel =
Item
Column 7
31
76
Member in STADD Analysis
Axial load Pu (KN)
438.14
328.2
Moment about 'y' axis My(KN1.26
2.62
m)
Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KN3.7
4.83
m)
Eccentricity about 'y' axis in
2.88
7.98
'mm'
Eccentricity about 'z' axis in
8.44
14.72
'mm'
8.76
6.56
Moment about 'y' axis My(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity

: M20
: Fe415
: 40mm
25KN/cum
20N/sqmm
415N/sqmm
118
125.17
3.43

32
359.56
6.35

Column 8
77
292.77
3.62

119
109.43
2.53

5.64

2.93

2.03

2.23

27.4

17.66

12.36

23.12

45.06

8.15

6.93

20.38

3.43

7.19

5.86

2.53

Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity

8.76

6.56

5.64

7.19

5.86

2.23

Un supported length about 'y'


axis in 'm'

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

Un supported length about 'z'


axis in 'mm'
Depth about 'y' axis in 'm'
Depth about 'z' axis in 'm'
Effective length about 'y' axis
ley in 'm'

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

0.23
0.3
1.32

0.23
0.3
2.808

0.23
0.3
2.56

0.23
0.3
1.32

0.23
0.3
2.808

0.23
0.3
2.56

Effective length about 'z' axis


lez in 'm'

1.32

2.808

2.56

1.32

2.808

2.56

Slenderness ratio about 'y'


axis
Slenderness ratio about 'z'
axis
Percentage of steel 'p'
Moment due to slenderness
about 'y' axis May in KN-m
Moment due to slenderness
about 'z' axis Maz in KN-m
Design moment Muy in KN-m

5.74

12.21

11.13

5.74

12.21

11.13

4.4

9.36

8.53

4.4

9.36

8.53

1.16
0

1.16
5.63

1.16
0

1.16
0

1.16
5.02

1.16
0

8.76

12.19

3.43

7.19

10.88

2.53

Design moment Muz in KN-m

8.76

6.56

5.64

7.19

5.86

2.23

d'/D about 'y' axis


d'/D about 'z' axis
Pu/fckbD
p/fck

0.17
0.13
0.317
0.058
0.08
0.085
25.39

0.17
0.13
0.238
0.058
0.085
0.09
26.98

0.17
0.13
0.091
0.058
0.08
0.085
25.39

0.17
0.13
0.261
0.058
0.09
0.095
28.57

0.17
0.13
0.212
0.058
0.09
0.095
28.57

0.17
0.13
0.079
0.058
0.08
0.09
25.39

35.19

37.26

35.19

39.33

39.33

37.26

862.92
0.51
1.52
0.32
800.40

862.92
0.38
1.30
0.46
800.40

862.92
0.15
1.00
0.3
800.40

862.92
0.42
1.37
0.25
800.40

862.92
0.34
1.23
0.4
800.40

862.92
0.13
1.00
0.16
800.40

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

Muy1/fckbd2 from SP-16


Muz1/fckbd2 from SP-16
Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'y' axis Muy1
Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'z' axis Muz1
Max.axial load capacity Puz
Pu/Puz
an
(Muy/Muy1)an + (Muz/Muz1)an
Area of steel Required in mm 2
Spacing of 8mm ties in 'mm'
Reinforcement provided
Area of steel provideded in
mm2

DESIGN OF COLUMNS
Design Parametres:Concrete mix
Steel

: M20
: Fe415

Cover to Reinforcement d'


Unit weight of RCC =
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =
Yield strength of steel =
Item
Column 10
34
79
Member in STADD Analysis
Axial load Pu (KN)
334.02
225.97
Moment about 'y' axis My(KN3.24
3.07
m)
Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KN0.65
2.65
m)
Eccentricity about 'y' axis in
9.7
13.59
'mm'
Eccentricity about 'z' axis in
1.95
11.73
'mm'
6.68
4.52
Moment about 'y' axis My(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity

: 40mm
25KN/cum
20N/sqmm
415N/sqmm
121
69.07
2.76

35
254.66
11.1

Column 11
80
151.88
9.44

5.29

13.88

10.76

10.82

39.96

43.59

62.15

198.9

76.59

54.5

70.85

227.98

2.76

11.1

9.44

9.44

122
47.46
9.44

Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity

6.68

4.52

5.29

13.88

10.76

10.82

Un supported length about 'y'


axis in 'm'
Un supported length about 'z'
axis in 'mm'
Depth about 'y' axis in 'm'
Depth about 'z' axis in 'm'
Effective length about 'y' axis
ley in 'm'

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

0.23
0.3
1.32

0.23
0.3
2.808

0.23
0.3
2.56

0.23
0.3
1.32

0.23
0.3
2.808

0.23
0.3
2.56

Effective length about 'z' axis


lez in 'm'

1.32

2.808

2.56

1.32

2.808

2.56

Slenderness ratio about 'y'


axis
Slenderness ratio about 'z'
axis
Percentage of steel 'p'
Moment due to slenderness
about 'y' axis May in KN-m
Moment due to slenderness
about 'z' axis Maz in KN-m
Design moment Muy in KN-m

5.74

12.21

11.13

5.74

12.21

11.13

4.4

9.36

8.53

4.4

9.36

8.53

1.16
0

1.16
3.87

1.16
0

1.16
0

1.16
2.6

1.16
0

6.68

8.39

2.76

11.1

12.04

9.44

Design moment Muz in KN-m

6.68

4.52

5.29

13.88

10.76

10.82

d'/D about 'y' axis


d'/D about 'z' axis
Pu/fckbD
p/fck

0.17
0.13
0.242
0.058
0.09
0.095

0.17
0.13
0.164
0.058
0.09
0.095

0.17
0.13
0.05
0.058
0.08
0.09

0.17
0.13
0.185
0.058
0.09
0.095

0.17
0.13
0.11
0.058
0.085
0.09

0.17
0.13
0.034
0.058
0.08
0.085

Muy1/fckbd2 from SP-16


Muz1/fckbd2 from SP-16

Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'y' axis Muy1
Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'z' axis Muz1
Max.axial load capacity Puz
Pu/Puz
an
(Muy/Muy1)an + (Muz/Muz1)an
Area of steel Required in mm 2
Spacing of 8mm ties in 'mm'
Reinforcement provided
Area of steel provideded in
mm2

28.57

28.57

25.39

28.57

26.98

25.39

39.33

39.33

37.26

39.33

37.26

35.19

862.92
0.39
1.32
0.24
800.40

862.92
0.26
1.10
0.35
800.40

862.92
0.08
1.00
0.25
800.40

862.92
0.3
1.17
0.63
800.40

862.92
0.18
1.00
0.74
800.40

862.92
0.05
1.00
0.68
800.40

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

119
80.8
8.08

DESIGN OF COLUMNS
Design Parametres:Concrete mix
Steel
Cover to Reinforcement d'
Unit weight of RCC =
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =
Yield strength of steel =
Item
Column 13
31
76
Member in STADD Analysis
Axial load Pu (KN)
345.83
229.63
Moment about 'y' axis My(KN7.18
5.21
m)
Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KN8.28
5.57
m)
Eccentricity about 'y' axis in
20.76
22.69
'mm'
Eccentricity about 'z' axis in
23.94
24.26
'mm'
7.18
5.21
Moment about 'y' axis My(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity

: M20
: Fe415
: 40mm
25KN/cum
20N/sqmm
415N/sqmm
118
83.41
6.72

32
378.58
5.14

Column 14
77
251.89
6.64

4.14

1.58

1.97

2.12

80.57

13.58

26.36

100

49.63

4.17

7.82

26.24

6.72

7.57

6.64

8.08

Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity

8.28

5.57

4.14

7.57

5.04

2.12

Un supported length about 'y'


axis in 'm'

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

Un supported length about 'z'


axis in 'mm'
Depth about 'y' axis in 'm'
Depth about 'z' axis in 'm'
Effective length about 'y' axis
ley in 'm'

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

0.23
0.3
1.32

0.23
0.3
2.808

0.23
0.3
2.56

0.23
0.3
1.32

0.23
0.3
2.808

0.23
0.3
2.56

Effective length about 'z' axis


lez in 'm'

1.32

2.808

2.56

1.32

2.808

2.56

Slenderness ratio about 'y'


axis
Slenderness ratio about 'z'
axis
Percentage of steel 'p'
Moment due to slenderness
about 'y' axis May in KN-m
Moment due to slenderness
about 'z' axis Maz in KN-m
Design moment Muy in KN-m

5.74

12.21

11.13

5.74

12.21

11.13

4.4

9.36

8.53

4.4

9.36

8.53

1.16
0

1.16
3.94

1.16
0

1.16
0

1.16
4.32

1.16
0

7.18

9.15

6.72

7.57

10.96

8.08

Design moment Muz in KN-m

8.28

5.57

4.14

7.57

5.04

2.12

d'/D about 'y' axis


d'/D about 'z' axis
Pu/fckbD
p/fck

0.17
0.13
0.251
0.058
0.09
0.095
28.57

0.17
0.13
0.166
0.058
0.09
0.095
28.57

0.17
0.13
0.06
0.058
0.08
0.09
25.39

0.17
0.13
0.274
0.058
0.09
0.095
28.57

0.17
0.13
0.183
0.058
0.085
0.09
26.98

0.17
0.13
0.059
0.058
0.08
0.085
25.39

39.33

39.33

37.26

39.33

37.26

35.19

862.92
0.4
1.33
0.28
800.40

862.92
0.27
1.12
0.39
800.40

862.92
0.1
1.00
0.38
800.40

862.92
0.44
1.40
0.26
800.40

862.92
0.29
1.15
0.46
800.40

862.92
0.09
1.00
0.38
800.40

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

Muy1/fckbd2 from SP-16


Muz1/fckbd2 from SP-16
Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'y' axis Muy1
Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'z' axis Muz1
Max.axial load capacity Puz
Pu/Puz
an
(Muy/Muy1)an + (Muz/Muz1)an
Area of steel Required in mm 2
Spacing of 8mm ties in 'mm'
Reinforcement provided
Area of steel provideded in
mm2

DESIGN OF COLUMNS
Design Parametres:Concrete mix

: M20

Steel
Cover to Reinforcement d'
Unit weight of RCC =
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =
Yield strength of steel =
Item
Column 16
40
127
Member in STADD Analysis
Axial load Pu (KN)
66.62
53.54
Moment about 'y' axis My(KN0.78
1.85
m)
Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KN0.16
0.365
m)
Eccentricity about 'y' axis in
11.71
34.55
'mm'
Eccentricity about 'z' axis in
2.4
6.82
'mm'
1.33
1.85
Moment about 'y' axis My(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity

: Fe415
: 40mm
25KN/cum
20N/sqmm
415N/sqmm
128
26.36
2.88

41
112.8
0.28

Column 17
129
91.87
0.96

130
43.12
2.36

1.24

0.26

0.78

1.22

109.26

2.48

10.45

54.73

47.04

2.3

8.49

28.29

2.88

2.26

1.84

2.36

Moment about 'z' axis Mz(KNm) for Min.Eccentricity

1.33

1.07

1.24

2.26

1.84

1.22

Un supported length about 'y'


axis in 'm'
Un supported length about 'z'
axis in 'mm'
Depth about 'y' axis in 'm'
Depth about 'z' axis in 'm'
Effective length about 'y' axis
ley in 'm'

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

0.23
0.23
1.32

0.23
0.23
2.808

0.23
0.23
2.56

0.23
0.23
1.32

0.23
0.23
2.808

0.23
0.23
2.56

Effective length about 'z' axis


lez in 'm'

1.32

2.808

2.56

1.32

2.808

2.56

Slenderness ratio about 'y'


axis
Slenderness ratio about 'z'
axis
Percentage of steel 'p'
Moment due to slenderness
about 'y' axis May in KN-m
Moment due to slenderness
about 'z' axis Maz in KN-m
Design moment Muy in KN-m

5.74

12.21

11.13

5.74

12.21

11.13

5.74

12.21

11.13

5.74

12.21

11.13

0.85
0

0.85
0.92

0.85
0

0.85
0

0.85
1.57

0.85
0

0.92

1.57

1.33

2.77

2.88

2.26

3.41

2.36

Design moment Muz in KN-m

1.33

1.99

1.24

2.26

3.41

1.22

0.17
0.17
0.063
0.0425
0.065

0.17
0.17
0.051
0.0425
0.065

0.17
0.17
0.025
0.0425
0.065

0.17
0.17
0.107
0.0425
0.065

0.17
0.17
0.087
0.0425
0.065

0.17
0.17
0.041
0.0425
0.065

d'/D about 'y' axis


d'/D about 'z' axis
Pu/fckbD
p/fck
Muy1/fckbd2 from SP-16

Muz1/fckbd2 from SP-16


Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'y' axis Muy1
Max.moment carrying
capacity for uniaxial bending
about 'z' axis Muz1
Max.axial load capacity Puz
Pu/Puz
an
(Muy/Muy1)an + (Muz/Muz1)an
Area of steel Required in mm 2
Spacing of 8mm ties in 'mm'
Reinforcement provided
Area of steel provideded in
mm2

0.065
15.82

0.065
15.82

0.065
15.82

0.065
15.82

0.065
15.82

0.065
15.82

15.82

15.82

15.82

15.82

15.82

15.82

612.01
0.11
1.00
0.17
449.65

612.01
0.09
1.00
0.3
449.65

612.01
0.04
1.00
0.26
449.65

612.01
0.18
1.00
0.29
449.65

612.01
0.15
1.00
0.43
449.65

612.01
0.07
1.00
0.23
449.65

190
4-12
452.16

190
4-12
452.16

190
4-12
452.16

190
4-12
452.16

190
4-12
452.16

190
4-12
452.16

Front corner column


44
45
46
605.3
516.4
185.76
24.46
21.73
4.76
5.7

2.19

6.72

40.41

42.08

25.62

9.42

4.24

36.18

24.46

21.73

4.76

12.11

10.33

6.72

1.8

4.2

3.35

1.8

4.2

3.35

0.45
0.23
1.44

0.45
0.23
3.36

0.45
0.23
2.68

1.44

3.36

2.68

3.2

7.47

5.96

6.26

14.61

11.65

1.82
0

1.82
0

1.82
0

12.67

24.46

21.73

4.76

12.11

23

6.72

0.09
0.17

0.09
0.17

0.09
0.17

10.5

0.292
0.091
0.125
0.11
116.44

0.249
0.091
0.13
0.11
121.1

0.09
0.091
0.13
0.11
121.1

52.37

52.37

52.37

1500.85
0.4
1.33
0.27
1883.70

1500.85
0.34
1.23
0.48
1883.70

1500.85
0.12
1.00
0.17
1883.70

190
6-20
1884.00

190
6-20
1884.00

190
6-20
1884.00

30
396.63
3.14

Column 6
75
263.65
3.03

117
85.65
3.27

7.41

8.67

10.46

7.92

11.49

38.18

18.68

32.88

122.12

7.93

5.27

3.27

7.93

8.67

10.46

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

0.23
0.3
1.32

0.23
0.3
2.808

0.23
0.3
2.56

1.32

2.808

2.56

5.74

12.21

11.13

4.4

9.36

8.53

1.16
0

1.16
4.52

1.16
0

7.93

9.79

3.27

7.93

8.67

10.46

0.17
0.13
0.287

0.17
0.13
0.191

0.17
0.13
0.062

3.88

3.89

2.74

3.58

3.58

3.05

3.28
13.48

10.52

0.058
0.09
0.095
28.57

0.058
0.09
0.095
28.57

0.058
0.07
0.075
22.22

39.33

39.33

31.05

862.92
0.46
1.43
0.26
800.40

862.92
0.31
1.18
0.45
800.40

862.92
0.1
1.00
0.48
800.40

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

33
408.23
1.17

Column 9
78
332.94
2.502

120
131.11
3.08

5.69

3.09

1.85

2.87

7.51

23.49

13.94

9.28

14.11

8.16

6.66

3.08

8.16

6.66

2.62

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

0.23
0.3
1.32

0.23
0.3
2.808

0.23
0.3
2.56

1.32

2.808

2.56

5.74

12.21

11.13

4.4

9.36

8.53

1.16
0

1.16
5.71

1.16
0

8.16

12.37

3.08

8.16

6.66

2.62

0.17
0.13
0.296
0.058
0.08
0.085
25.39

0.17
0.13
0.241
0.058
0.085
0.09
26.98

0.17
0.13
0.095
0.058
0.08
0.085
25.39

35.19

37.26

35.19

862.92
0.47
1.45
0.31
800.40

862.92
0.39
1.32
0.46
800.40

862.92
0.15
1.00
0.2
800.40

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

36
337.41
4.55

Column 12
81
250.43
3.67

123
93.84
8.21

10.95

6.51

5.09

13.49

14.65

87.49

32.45

26

54.24

6.75

5.01

8.21

10.95

6.51

5.09

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

0.23
0.3
1.32

0.23
0.3
2.808

0.23
0.3
2.56

1.32

2.808

2.56

5.74

12.21

11.13

4.4

9.36

8.53

1.16
0

1.16
4.29

1.16
0

6.75

9.3

8.21

10.95

6.51

5.09

0.17
0.13
0.245
0.058
0.09
0.095

0.17
0.13
0.181
0.058
0.09
0.095

0.17
0.13
0.068
0.058
0.08
0.09

28.57

28.57

25.39

39.33

39.33

37.26

862.92
0.39
1.32
0.34
800.40

862.92
0.29
1.15
0.4
800.40

862.92
0.11
1.00
0.46
800.40

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

33
220.96
11.02

Column 15
78
140.59
8.93

120
41.89
9.14

8.52

6.45

6.09

49.87

63.52

218.19

38.56

45.88

145.38

11.02

8.93

9.14

8.52

6.45

6.09

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

0.23
0.3
1.32

0.23
0.3
2.808

0.23
0.3
2.56

1.32

2.808

2.56

5.74

12.21

11.13

4.4

9.36

8.53

1.16
0

1.16
2.41

1.16
0

11.02

11.34

9.14

8.52

6.45

6.09

0.17
0.13
0.16
0.058
0.09
0.095
28.57

0.17
0.13
0.102
0.058
0.09
0.095
28.57

0.17
0.13
0.03
0.058
0.07
0.075
22.22

39.33

39.33

31.05

862.92
0.26
1.10
0.54
800.40

862.92
0.16
1.00
0.56
800.40

862.92
0.05
1.00
0.61
800.40

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

190
4-16
803.84

42
81.25
1.02

Column 18
131
68.66
2.25

132
27.47
3.66

1.65

2.42

3.32

12.55

32.77

133.24

20.31

35.25

120.86

1.63

2.25

3.66

1.65

2.42

3.32

1.65

3.51

3.2

1.65

3.51

3.2

0.23
0.23
1.32

0.23
0.23
2.808

0.23
0.23
2.56

1.32

2.808

2.56

5.74

12.21

11.13

5.74

12.21

11.13

0.85
0

0.85
1.18

0.85
0

1.18

1.63

3.43

3.66

1.65

3.6

3.32

0.17
0.17
0.077
0.0425
0.065

0.17
0.17
0.065
0.0425
0.065

0.17
0.17
0.026
0.0425
0.065

0.065
15.82

0.065
15.82

0.065
15.82

15.82

15.82

15.82

612.01
0.13
1.00
0.21
449.65

612.01
0.11
1.00
0.44
449.65

612.01
0.04
1.00
0.44
449.65

190
4-12
452.16

190
4-12
452.16

190
4-12
452.16

DESIGN OF TRAPEZOIDAL FOOTINGS(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12)


Design Parametres:Footing designation =
Concrete mix
Steel
Cover to Reinforcement
Safe Bearing Capacity(From soil Report)=
Unit weight of RCC =
Width of Column b =
Depth of Column d =
Width of pedastal b =
Depth of pedastal d =
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =
Yield strength of steel =

F1
M20
Fe415
50mm
100.00KN/sqm
25.0KN/cum
0.23m
0.45m
0.45m
0.60m
20.00N/sqmm
415.00N/sqmm

Load calculations:Factored Load on the column from analysis =


(Max.load on column No.7 is considered)

605.30KN
605.30KN

Add self weight of the footing(10%)

60.530KN

Total Load =

665.83KN

Ultimate Bearing Capacity of the soil qu = 1.5xSBC =

150.00KN/sqm

Size of the footing required:Area of the footing required =

4.44Sqm

Provide square footing of size 2.50mx2.50m,the area comes to


Width =
2.50m
Depth =
2.50m
The net ultimate bearing pressure acting on the footing due to direct load =
Design moment =

106.53KN/sqm

13.80KN-m

Section Modulus for the above section =


Soil pressure due to moment = M/Z =

6.25Sqm

(1/6)xbd2 =

2.60cum
5.31KN/sqm

Max.Soil pressure =

pu + mu =

111.84KN/sqm
Hence O.K

Min.Soil pressure =

pu - mu =

101.22KN/sqm
Hence O.K

Hence,the design soil pressure =

111.84KN/sqm

Depth of the footing required:The critical section for bending is at the face of the column.Hence,the
As an approximation,the trapezoidal section can be assumed as an equivalent rectangular section of
width

bw+(B-bw)/8

and depth 'd'

The equivalent width of rectangular section =

0.71m

Maximum factored bending moment =

72.04KN-m/m

The total factored bending moment for complete width =


0.36 fckbxumax(d-0.42xumax) =

180.10KN-m

180100000N-mm

For Fe 415 steel,xumax = 0.48d


substituting the above value and finding out the effective depth by solving the above
equation,
180200918
d=

180100000
304.09mm

Assuming 50mm effective cover and 10mm dia bars,the over all depth comes to
364.09mm
The over all depth provided is 600mm and the effective depth is

540mm

Check for single shear:The critical section for beam shear is at distance of 'd' from the face of the column
Hence,the factored design shear force VFd =
Nominal shear stress Tv =

54.24KN
0.10N/sqmm <2.8 N/sqmm
(As per Table 20 of 1S 456)

Hence,the section is safe from shear point of view


For balanced section of the footing,percentage area of the steel reinforcement =
0.10%
The design shear strength of concrete for the above steel percentage from
Table 19 of IS 456 is
0.28 N/sqmm Hence Vuc =
151.20KN

0.28>0.10
Hence,the depth provided is safe from beam shear point of view
Check for two way shear:The critical section for two-way shear is along the perphery of the square at a
distance d/2 from the face of the column
Hence perimetre of the preriphery b0 =
Hence,the factored shear force VFd = qu(B2-AB2)=
Nominal shear stress Tv = VFd/b0d =

4260mm
572.77KN

0.25 N/sqmm

Permissible shear stress in concrete for two-way shear for M20 grade concrete
Tc' =ks . Tc
ks = (0.5+l/b)> 1
Hence ks =

Tc = 0.25(fck)1/2 =

1.12 N/sqmm

Hence,Tc' =

1.12 N/sqmm
1.12>0.20

Hence,the section provided is safe from two-way shear point of view


Depth of neutral axis:For the effective depth,find out the depth of neutral axis
Mfd =

0.36 fckbxu(d-0.42xu) =

Solving the equation,xu =

180100000N-mm
52.830mm

180107686.9
Xu.max =

0.48d =

180100000N-mm
259.20mm

The actual depth of neutral axis is less than the Xumax.Hence,the section remains
under reinforced.
The stress in steel fs = 0.87fy
Mfd = 0.87fyAst(d-0.42xu) =

180.10KN-m

2
963.33 mm

Ast =

Area of steel provided 10mm dia bars @ 150mm c/c spacing


Hence area of steel provided =
Hence Safe
Provide,the same reinforcement in other direction also

2
1308.333333 mm

<150.00KN/sqm

>0

gular section of