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4037/23 Paper 2, maximum raw mark 80

This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the question paper and the Principal Examiner Report for Teachers.

Cambridge will not enter into discussions about these mark schemes.

Cambridge is publishing the mark schemes for the October/November 2012 series for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level components and some Ordinary Level components.

Page 2

Syllabus 4037

Paper 23

Mark Scheme Notes Marks are of the following three types: M Method mark, awarded for a valid method applied to the problem. Method marks are not lost for numerical errors, algebraic slips or errors in units. However, it is not usually sufficient for a candidate just to indicate an intention of using some method or just to quote a formula; the formula or idea must be applied to the specific problem in hand, e.g. by substituting the relevant quantities into the formula. Correct application of a formula without the formula being quoted obviously earns the M mark and in some cases an M mark can be implied from a correct answer. Accuracy mark, awarded for a correct answer or intermediate step correctly obtained. Accuracy marks cannot be given unless the associated method mark is earned (or implied). Accuracy mark for a correct result or statement independent of method marks.

When a part of a question has two or more method steps, the M marks are generally independent unless the scheme specifically says otherwise; and similarly when there are several B marks allocated. The notation DM or DB (or dep*) is used to indicate that a particular M or B mark is dependent on an earlier M or B (asterisked) mark in the scheme. When two or more steps are run together by the candidate, the earlier marks are implied and full credit is given. The symbol implies that the A or B mark indicated is allowed for work correctly following on from previously incorrect results. Otherwise, A or B marks are given for correct work only. A and B marks are not given for fortuitously correct answers or results obtained from incorrect working. Note: B2 or A2 means that the candidate can earn 2 or 0. B2, 1, 0 means that the candidate can earn anything from 0 to 2.

Page 3

Syllabus 4037

Paper 23

The following abbreviations may be used in a mark scheme or used on the scripts: AG BOD CAO ISW MR PA SOS Penalties MR 1 A penalty of MR 1 is deducted from A or B marks when the data of a question or part question are genuinely misread and the object and difficulty of the question remain unaltered. In this case all A and B marks then become follow through marks. MR is not applied when the candidate misreads his own figures this is regarded as an error in accuracy. Answer Given on the question paper (so extra checking is needed to ensure that the detailed working leading to the result is valid) Benefit of Doubt (allowed when the validity of a solution may not be absolutely clear) Correct Answer Only (emphasising that no follow through from a previous error is allowed) Ignore Subsequent Working Misread Premature Approximation (resulting in basically correct work that is insufficiently accurate) See Other Solution (the candidate makes a better attempt at the same question)

OW 1,2 This is deducted from A or B marks when essential working is omitted. PA 1 S 1 EX 1 This is deducted from A or B marks in the case of premature approximation. Occasionally used for persistent slackness usually discussed at a meeting. Applied to A or B marks when extra solutions are offered to a particular equation. Again, this is usually discussed at the meeting.

Page 4

Syllabus 4037

Paper 23

B1

correct method to find second value M1 correct final answer A1 [3] B1 for each part of the inverse B1B1 [2] M1

39 pre-multiply 23 by their inverse

(i)

6 8 1 6 7 8 4 4 7

x 1 6 8 39 (ii) y = 10 4 7 23 5 = 0 .5

correct answers, correctly associated A1 [2] M1 A1 M1 multiplication, including a 3 b 3 =3ab a correct expansion valid method to obtain a value for a or b

(3 3 1)2 = 27 6 3 + 1 or (3 3 1)( 2 3 + 3 ) = 18 + 7 3 3

2 3 +3 a 3 +b (2 3) or 28 6 3 = 3 2 3 +3

38 3 + 48 or a = 38, b = 48 3

Page 5

Syllabus 4037

Paper 23

4

16 XZ = 20 4 3 16 20 1 16 OY = 27 + 4 20 or + 7 4 20 16 = 12 OY = 16 2 + ( 12 ) oe

2

B1 M1 A1 M1

correct vector for XZ valid method for OY correct vector for OY uses Pythagoras to find length of OY

OR OY OX = 3OZ = 3OY 4 20 64 4OY = 27 + 3 = 7 48 16 OY = 12 etc. OR OY = OX + 3OZ 4 4 20 27 + 3 7 4

4

correct vector expression A1 [5] B1 M1 A1 B1 M1 correct vector equation collect OY s and substitute for OX and OZ correct vector for OY correct use of intercept theorem substitute for OX and OZ and divide

16 = 12

etc.

A1

Page 6

Syllabus 4037

Paper 23

sec 2 x =

eliminates either y or x correct equation compares discriminant with 0 correct quadratic solves 3-term quadratic for m correct answer

1 p2 1 1 p2

B1

tan 2 x = sec 2 x 1 =

2

M1 substitution in correct formula (ps only) A1 correct answer, oe [3] B1 M1 A1 B1 correct expression for sin2x in terms of p substitution in correct formula (ps only) correct answer, oe opposite is 1 p 2

OR

1 p2

1 p2 p 1 p2 p2

1 p

tan x = tan 2 x =

M1 A1

(b) cot2 + 2(cot tan) + tan2 cot2 = cosec2 1 or tan2 = sec2 1 completion AG

B1 B1 B1 [3]

Page 7

Syllabus 4037

Paper 23

(a)

1 3 x 2 + 3x 2 dx 5 3

B1 M1 A1 [3]

correct expression in terms of indices increase fractional power by 1 correct answer, ISW

2 2 x + 2 x 2 (+ c ) 5

(b)

k oe 2x + 5 10 oe 2x + 5 k k 2 10 + 5 5

M1 A1 M1

1.6

their integral with x =10 subtract their integral with x = 0 4 correct answer, ft their k = k A1 25 [4] B1 B1 M1 A1 M1 A1 M1 correct gradient correct equation for AD, ft their mAD uses m1m2 = 1 and x = 1 and y = 9 in equation of line correct equation for CD solving equations for a value of x or y x = 5, y = 7 a correct method to calculate the area of the trapezium

gradient

(AD) y 5 = 2 ( x 4 ) or y = 2 x 3 (CD) y 9 =

93 (= 2) 1 ( 2 )

1 (x 1) or x + 2 y = 19 2

area = 1 4 2 1 5 4 1 = 26 66 25 3 9 7 5 2

1 2

or

5 + 45

20

A1 [8]

correct answer

B1 B1 M1 A1 M1 A1 M1

correct gradient correct equation for BC uses m1m2 = 1 and x = 4 and y = 5 in equation of line correct equation for AX solving equations for a value of x or y x = 0, y = 7 a correct method to calculate the area

( AX )

y 5=

1 (x 4) or 2 y = x + 14 2

A1

correct answer

Page 8

Syllabus 4037

Paper 23

(i) x3 (ii) x3 x 2y

1 9.41

8 5.16

27 6.21

64 28.32

graph of x2y against x3, linear axes M1 A2,1,0 4, 13, 0 points plotted correctly [3] B1 M1 A1 [3] M1 A1 [2] B1 B1 [2] appropriate substitutions or read graph at 50.653 and divide value by 13.69 correct answer correct answer finding numerical value for the gradient correct answer

a + 3.7b or 13.69y = a + 50.653b 13.69

(ii)

attempt to differentiate given expression A1 each correct unsimplified term dT attempt to solve = 0 , to include squaring both dx sides correct answer for x correct answer for T

A1 A1 [6]

Page 9

Syllabus 4037

Paper 23

11 (a)

2 x 2 = 100 2 , or 2 2

x 1

x2 = log 2 100 2

B1

correct expression

= 100

x=2+

4 0.301... = 15.3

M1 A1 [3]

(b) log y 512 = 3 or 3 = log y y 3 or log y k = log k (twice) log y y3 256 M1 A1 [3] (c)

6 5 z 2 6 3( z 1) = 2 (3 z ) 62 z 6 (5 z 2 ) or log 6 log 6 2 z = log 6 3( z 1) log 6 2 (3 z ) 5 z 2 2 z = 3 z 3 (6 2 z ) oe z = 3.5

B1

y 3 = 512 or 2 = y =8

M1 A1 M1 A1 [4]

attempt to express at least two elements in terms of 6z or log6 correct expression uses rule of indices or logarithms correctly, accept index/log format correct answer

or a = 2, b = 8, c = 9

B1B1B1 B1 for each correct value [3] M1 A2,1,0 [3] inverse of form

(ii) (iii)

f 1 (x ) =

(x + 9) 8

2

2

oe

(x c ) b

M1 A1 M1 A1 [4]

1 x

correct equation valid method for solving their equation correct answer

Page 10

Mark Scheme GCE O LEVEL October/November 2012 B1 [1] M1 A1 [2] M1 correct answer

Syllabus 4037

Paper 23

3x 4 = x, x 2 5 x + 4 = 0 x2

(x 4)(x 1) x = 4 only

(iv)

3x 4 3 4 x2 3x 4 2 x2 3(3 x 4 ) 4(x 2 ) 3 x 4 2( x 2 ) 5 4 x

M1 A1

substitute to obtain expression for k2 correct unsimplified expression multiply numerator and denominator by (x 2), oe correct answer

M1 A1 [4]

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