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SP (KN) T23480/4

UCLES 2007 [Turn over

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

If you have been given an Answer Booklet, follow the instructions on the front cover of the Booklet.

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen.

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Answer all questions in Section A and not more than four questions from Section B.

Write your answers on the separate Answer Booklet/Paper provided.

All working must be clearly shown.

The use of an electronic calculator is expected in this paper.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

*

6

2

7

4

2

2

6

3

6

7

*

STATISTICS 4040/01

Paper 1 October/November 2007

2 hours 15 minutes

Additional Materials: Answer Booklet/Paper

Graph paper (3 sheets)

Mathematical tables

Pair of compasses

Protractor

2

4040/01/O/N/07 UCLES 2007

Section A [36 marks]

Answer all of the questions 1 to 6.

1 The table below gives the population (in millions, correct to 1 decimal place) of each of the four

countries of the United Kingdom at the Census in the year 2001.

Country Population (millions)

England 49.1

Scotland 5.1

Wales 2.9

Northern Ireland 1.7

TOTAL 58.8

The data are to be illustrated by a pie chart.

(i) Calculate, each to the nearest degree, the sector angles of the pie chart. [2]

(ii) Using a circle of radius 5 cm, draw the pie chart. [2]

In the Census in the year 1951 the population of the United Kingdom was 50.3 million (correct to

1 decimal place).

(iii) Calculate, to 2 significant figures, the radius of the comparable pie chart which could be used

to represent the population in 1951. [2]

2 A bus company was carrying out an investigation into the demand for its services. An observer

standing at one bus stop recorded the number of people waiting in the queue when each bus

arrived. The numbers recorded for nine consecutive buses on one day were as follows.

15 15 17 3

*

20 18 17 15 13

The largest number, shown here as 3

*

, had not been recorded clearly, although it was definitely a

two-digit number with first digit 3.

For these data,

(i) name and calculate two measures of average (central tendency) which can still be found, [4]

(ii) name and calculate one measure of dispersion which can be found. [2]

3

4040/01/O/N/07 UCLES 2007 [Turn over

3 The Science Department of a college offers courses in three subjects, Biology, Chemistry and

Physics. There are 170 students who take courses in at least one of these subjects. The following

diagram gives, for these 170 students, information on the number of students taking the different

subjects.

Chemistry Physics

Biology

23 20

28

y

17

26

25

(i) Find the value of y. [2]

(ii) State what the value of y represents. [1]

(iii) Calculate how many of the students do not study Biology. [2]

(iv) Calculate the total number of students who study Chemistry. [1]

4 (a) Give one advantage which quota sampling has over simple random sampling, and one

advantage which simple random sampling has over quota sampling. [2]

(b) The names of the 100 pupils in a small school are arranged in alphabetical order and then

two-digit numbers in the range 00 to 99 are allocated, one to each pupil, in that order.

(i) It is required to select a systematic sample of size 5 from the pupils. The number of the

first pupil to be selected is obtained from a random number table and is found to be 17.

Write down the numbers of the other pupils selected for the sample. [2]

(ii) Briefly explain the situation which can lead to the method of systematic sampling being

biased, and state, with a reason, whether it is likely to occur in this case. [2]

4

4040/01/O/N/07 UCLES 2007

5 The table below summarises how many O level subjects at grade C were obtained by each of the

120 pupils who sat the examinations at one school in a particular year.

Number of subjects 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Number of pupils 2 2 11 17 24 25 22 12 4 1

For example, 17 pupils each obtained 3 subjects at grade C.

(i) Calculate the cumulative frequencies for these data. [2]

(ii) Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 1 subject on the horizontal axis, and 2 cm to represent a

cumulative frequency of 10 on the vertical axis, draw an appropriate cumulative frequency

graph to illustrate these data. [4]

6 Give your answers in this question either as exact fractions or as decimals correct to 3

significant figures.

Holly has three cards numbered 1, 3 and 5.

Akinyi has three cards numbered 2, 3 and 4.

(i) Each girl selects one of her three cards at random, and then the numbers on the two selected

cards are added together to give a total.

Find the probability that the total is

(a) 7, [1]

(b) at most 6. [2]

(ii) Each girl selects one of her three cards at random, and then the numbers on the two selected

cards are multiplied together to give a product.

Find the probability that the product is

(a) 20, [1]

(b) more than 6. [2]

5

4040/01/O/N/07 UCLES 2007 [Turn over

Section B [64 marks]

Answer not more than four of the questions 7 to 11.

Each question in this section carries 16 marks.

7 A man found an old weighing machine and, in order to test its accuracy, he placed a number of

loads of known mass on it and recorded the readings which it showed. The results are given in the

table below.

Reading of weighing machine (x kg) 1.1 2.0 3.6 4.9 6.8 8.0

Actual mass of load (y kg) 0.5 1.4 3.5 5.0 7.6 9.0

(i) Using 2 cm to represent 1 kg on both axes, and starting the y-axis at the value 1, plot on

graph paper a scatter diagram of the above data. [2]

(ii) By calculating and plotting

(x, y ) and the two semi-averages, draw the line of best fit. [6]

(iii) Using your graph, obtain the equation of the line of best fit in the form y = mx + c. [4]

(iv) Use your equation to estimate, to 1 decimal place, the actual mass of an item for which the

reading on the machine was 6 kg. [1]

(v) By drawing an appropriate line on your graph, estimate the value for which the reading on the

machine would equal the actual mass. [2]

(vi) Use the two lines you have drawn to comment on the accuracy of the machine. [1]

6

4040/01/O/N/07 UCLES 2007

8 A large number of seeds of the same variety of flower were sown on the same day. Six months

later, the heights, h mm, of the 80 surviving flowers were measured accurately. The histogram

below illustrates the data obtained.

0

4

8

12

16

Number

of plants

per mm

of height

0 42 43 44 45

Height (mm)

20

24

28

46 47 48 49 50

7

4040/01/O/N/07 UCLES 2007 [Turn over

(i) Use the histogram to copy and complete the following grouped frequency table.

Height (h mm) Frequency

42 h < 44

44 h < 45

45 h < 46

46 h < 46.5

46.5 h < 47

47 h < 48

48 h < 50

TOTAL 80

[6]

(ii) Hence construct a simpler grouped frequency table, using the class intervals

42 h < 44, 44 h < 46, 46 h < 48, 48 h < 50. [5]

(iii) Draw, on graph paper, a histogram to illustrate the data in your table in (ii), using the same

scales and labelling on both axes as in the given histogram. [3]

(iv) Use the histogram you have drawn in (iii) to estimate the modal length to the nearest

0.1 mm. [2]

8

4040/01/O/N/07 UCLES 2007

9 (a) A circular dart board, of radius 15 cm, is mounted centrally on a square piece of cork of side

50 cm. A dart is thrown at random and sticks in either the dart board or the cork surrounding

the dart board.

Cork

Dart

Board

Calculate, to 3 significant figures, the probability that the dart sticks in the cork.

(Take the value of to be 3.14.) [6]

(b) A hospital monitored the number of patients admitted during the course of one year and

suffering from a variety of illnesses. For 3 of these illnesses the records are summarised in

the following table.

Illness Male Female

Thrombosis 10 20

Pneumonia 21 27

Appendicitis 18 14

One of these patients is selected at random. Find the probability that the patient

(i) is female and suffers from thrombosis, [1]

(ii) suffers from pneumonia, [2]

(iii) suffers from appendicitis, given that he is male. [2]

Two of the patients are chosen at random.

(iv) Find the probability that both of them are male and suffering from thrombosis. [3]

(c) A biased coin is such that when it is tossed, the probability of a head being obtained is

2

3

.

Calculate the probability that exactly one head is obtained when the coin is tossed twice.

[2]

9

4040/01/O/N/07 UCLES 2007 [Turn over

10 In this question calculate all death rates per thousand and to 2 decimal places.

The table below gives information about the population and deaths in the town of Brownville for

the year 2005, together with the standard population of the area in which Brownville is situated.

Age group Deaths

Population in

age group

Standard

population (%)

Under 15 2 750 30

15 40 10 2000 30

41 65 53 5000 25

Over 65 85 1500 15

(i) For Brownville in the year 2005,

(a) calculate the crude death rate, [4]

(b) calculate the death rate for each age group, [2]

(c) use your results in (i)(b) to calculate the standardised death rate. [4]

The table below gives information about Greentown, another town in the same area, also for the

year 2005.

Age group

Death rate per

thousand

Population in

age group (%)

Under 15 4 18.75

15 40 5.5 43.75

41 65 11.2 31.25

Over 65 80 6.25

(ii) Calculate the crude death rate for Greentown in the year 2005. [3]

(iii) Use your results in (i)(b) and the information in the table for Greentown to compare the age

group death rates for the two towns. [1]

(iv) State, giving a reason, an age group for which one of the towns appears to have a far less

healthy environment. [2]

10

4040/01/O/N/07 UCLES 2007

11 The cumulative frequency graph below illustrates the journey times to work, t minutes, of the 100

workers in a factory.

0

20

40

60

80

Cumulative

frequency

0 10 20 30 40

Time (t minutes)

100

50 60 70 80 90

(i) Use the graph to estimate

(a) the median, [1]

(b) the interquartile range [4]

of the journey times.

11

4040/01/O/N/07 UCLES 2007

(ii) Use the graph to copy and complete the following table.

Journey time (t minutes) Cumulative frequency Frequency

10 t < 30

30 t < 40

40 t < 50

50 t < 60

60 t < 90

TOTAL 100

[3]

(iii) Use the frequencies you have obtained to estimate

(a) the mean, [4]

(b) the standard deviation [2]

of the journey times, giving your answers to 1 decimal place.

(iv) Compare the values of the median and the mean, giving an explanation for your answer. [2]

12

4040/01/O/N/07

BLANK PAGE

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every

reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the

publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.

University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of

Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

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