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You are on page 1of 20

*4555331710*

4040/01

STATISTICS

Paper 1

October/November 2009

2 hours 15 minutes

Additional Materials:

Mathematical tables

Pair of compasses

Protractor

Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen.

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.

Answer all questions in Section A and not more than four questions from Section B.

If working is needed for any question it must be shown below that question.

The use of an electronic calculator is expected in this paper.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

DC (SC/SLM) 11521/8

UCLES 2009

[Turn over

2

Section A [36 marks]

Answer all of the questions 1 to 6.

A small boatyard makes canoes. The pictogram below shows the number of canoes made in the

years 2002 and 2005.

Year

Number of canoes

2002

2005

represents 10 canoes.

(i)

(a)

............................................................[1]

(b)

............................................................[1]

(ii)

Draw a pictogram to represent the 33 canoes which the boatyard made in the year 2008.

[2]

UCLES 2009

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3

2

A large-scale survey is to be carried out, with the required information being collected by means of

a questionnaire.

(i)

Give two purposes of firstly conducting a small-scale survey using a pilot questionnaire.

Purpose 1 .................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

Purpose 2 .................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................[2]

(ii)

Give one advantage and one disadvantage of sending the questionnaire to respondents

through the post, rather than using interviewers to ask the questions on it.

Advantage ................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

Disadvantage ...........................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................[2]

In a large school a daily record was kept, from the start of each month, of the total number of

absences up to and including that day.

The totals recorded for the first 11 school days of one month were as follows.

12

(i)

23

34

43

51

65

77

94

111

123

140

Write the data in a form showing the number of absences on each individual day.

...............................................................................................................................................[2]

(ii)

Obtain the mean and the median of the data you have written in (i).

Mean ...............................................................

Median ............................................................[3]

(iii)

Explain why there is a problem with stating a value for the mode of the data you have written

in (i).

...................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................[1]

UCLES 2009

4040/01/O/N/09

[Turn over

4

4

Five competitors in a quiz are isolated from each other. They are asked, in a random order, the

same question, until one of them gives the correct answer.

At this point the questioning stops. Two of them know the correct answer, and three do not.

(i)

State the maximum number of times the question would have to be asked.

............................................................[1]

(ii)

(a)

........................................................... [1]

(b)

calculate the probability of each value, presenting your results in a suitable table.

[4]

UCLES 2009

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5

5

In a large factory the number of repair jobs reported during each of the three daily shifts (Early,

Late and Night) was recorded over a three week period. The following table shows some of the

results.

Shift

Week

Early

1

2

3

Late

Night

Total

34

34

18

32

Total

84

44

250

(i)

The total number of repair jobs reported during the Early and Late shifts was the same. Use

this information to insert two values into the table above.

[1]

(ii)

In week 1 and week 3 there were equal numbers of repair jobs reported during the Night shift.

Use this information to insert a further two values into the table above.

[1]

(iii)

Showing all your working, calculate the remaining five values and insert them into the table

above.

[5]

UCLES 2009

4040/01/O/N/09

[Turn over

6

6

The table below gives, by category of employment in the year 2007, the number of employees,

and the number of accidents they suffered, at a particular factory. It also shows the standard

population for the whole industry of which the factory is part.

(i)

Category of

employment

Number of

accidents

Number of

employees

Standard

population (%)

Management

20

Technical

75

17

Skilled

18

230

41

Unskilled

25

115

38

Total

55

440

100

Calculate the crude accident rate per thousand for the factory.

............................................................[3]

(ii)

Showing your full working for at least one of the categories, calculate the standardised

accident rate per thousand for the factory.

............................................................[5]

(iii)

Explain briefly why the answers you have obtained to (i) and (ii) are not equal.

...................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................[1]

UCLES 2009

4040/01/O/N/09

7

BLANK PAGE

4040/01/O/N/09

[Turn over

8

Section B [64 marks]

Answer not more than four of the questions 7 to 11.

Each question in this section carries 16 marks.

7

The lengths of a certain engineering component coming off a production line are measured.

(i)

(a)

qualitative or quantitative,

............................................................[1]

(b)

discrete or continuous.

............................................................[1]

The length of each component is intended to be exactly 5.008 cm. Accurate measurements of a

sample of 80 of these components from the production line produced the following cumulative

frequency curve.

80

70

60

50

Cumulative

frequency 40

30

20

10

UCLES 2009

5.000

5.002

5.004

5.006

5.008

5.010

Length of component (cm)

4040/01/O/N/09

5.012

5.014

5.016

9

(ii)

The graph is much steeper close to the intended length than it is at either end.

What does this tell you about the precision of the components produced?

...................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................[2]

(iii)

(a)

...................................................... cm [1]

(b)

...................................................... cm [1]

(c)

...................................................... cm [2]

(iv)

Estimate the number of components which have a length of more than 5.0084 cm.

............................................................[2]

Components shorter than 5.004 cm, or with length 5.012 cm or more, are rejected.

(v)

Estimate from the graph how many components in this sample are accepted.

............................................................[3]

(vi)

Use the graph to estimate, to 4 decimal places, for the accepted components only,

(a)

...................................................... cm [2]

(b)

...................................................... cm [1]

UCLES 2009

4040/01/O/N/09

[Turn over

10

8

(a) A turn in a game consists of rolling an unbiased six-sided dice, with faces numbered 1 to 6.

If the face landing uppermost is 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5, then that number is the score for the turn.

If the 6-face lands uppermost, the dice is rolled again, and the score for the turn is the sum of

6 and the number which lands uppermost on the second roll.

(i)

.........................................................................................[1]

(ii)

Calculate, as a fraction, the probability of obtaining the lowest possible score in a turn.

............................................................[1]

(iii)

Calculate, as a fraction, the probability of obtaining the highest possible score in a turn.

............................................................[1]

(iv)

Calculate the probability that, in two consecutive turns, a player will obtain the lowest

possible score and the highest possible score, in either order.

............................................................[2]

UCLES 2009

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11

(b) You are one of a class of 10 students. A bag contains one blue disc and 9 red discs.

The students take it in turn to draw a disc at random from the bag without replacement.

The student who draws the blue disc will win a prize.

You have been given the choice of drawing a disc first, fourth or last.

Calculate the probability of winning the prize for each of these three alternatives, and hence

state which one you would choose.

...............................................................................................................................................[5]

(c) Box A contains 7 green balls and 3 white balls. Box B contains 5 green balls and 9 white

balls.

A ball is selected at random from Box A and placed in Box B. A ball is then selected at

random from Box B and placed in Box A.

Calculate the probability that, after these two operations, the numbers of green and white

balls in Box A and in Box B are the same as at the start.

............................................................[6]

UCLES 2009

4040/01/O/N/09

[Turn over

12

9

A new pressure gauge has been fitted onto a piece of equipment in a chemical plant.

Past experience has shown that such gauges may need to have their calibration (scale of

measurement) adjusted.

To determine whether any adjustments are necessary on the new gauge, several pressure

readings are taken using both it and a standard gauge which is known to be accurate. All readings

are in units of megapascals (MPa).

Pressure (MPa)

Reading

(i)

38

41

13

11

16

15

21

27

33

31

36

35

41

Briefly explain why the standard gauge readings, rather than the new gauge readings, are

plotted on the x-axis.

...................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................[1]

(ii)

45

40

35

30

New

Gauge

Pressure

(MPa)

25

20

15

10

5

0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

[3]

UCLES 2009

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13

(iii)

Explain why you should use readings A, C, D and E to calculate one semi-average, and B, F,

G and H to calculate the other semi-average.

...................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................[1]

(iv)

Calculate the overall mean and the two semi-averages, and plot them on your graph.

[5]

(v)

[1]

(vi)

Either by calculation, or by using your graph, find the equation of the line of best fit, and write

it in the form y = mx + c.

y = ...........................................................[3]

(vii)

Explain what the values of m and c in your equation tell you about any necessary adjustments

to the new gauge.

...................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................[2]

UCLES 2009

4040/01/O/N/09

[Turn over

14

10 A random sample of 200 customers leaving a supermarket during one day was asked how much

money (in $) and how much time (in minutes) they had spent during their visit.

(i)

Amount spent ($)

Number of customers

0 under 30

18

30 under 50

36

50 under 60

32

60 under 70

37

70 under 80

21

80 under 100

41

15

Total

200

(a)

Complete the histogram, which illustrates the amounts spent during each visit, on the

grid below. The rectangle representing the 30 under 50 class has been drawn.

45

40

35

30

25

Number of

customers

per $10

20

15

10

20

40

100

60

80

Amount spent ($)

120

140

160

[5]

UCLES 2009

4040/01/O/N/09

15

(b)

.......................................................................................................................................[1]

(c)

If the 80 under 100 and 100 under 150 classes were merged to form a single class,

80 under 150, calculate the value on the vertical axis of the height of the rectangle

which would be drawn to represent the merged class.

............................................................[2]

(ii) (a)

The following table summarises the times spent by the customers in the supermarket.

Time (minutes)

Number of

customers

0 under 20

10

20 under 40

49

40 under 50

54

50 under 60

45

60 under 90

31

90 under 120

11

Total

200

Estimate, to 3 significant figures, the mean and the standard deviation of the times spent

in the supermarket by these customers.

Standard deviation ............................................ minutes [6]

(b)

If the 60 under 90 and 90 under 120 classes are merged, the mean will increase.

Explain why this is so.

...........................................................................................................................................

UCLES 2009

.......................................................................................................................................[2]

[Turn over

4040/01/O/N/09

16

11 (a) At the start of the school year, all 125 girls at a school had to choose to play at least one

of the sports hockey, netball and tennis. The following diagram illustrates the numbers who

chose to play the different sports.

Hockey

Netball

36

30

7

x

20

Tennis

(i)

............................................................[2]

(ii)

...........................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................[1]

(iii)

Showing all your working, determine which sport was chosen by the greatest number of

girls.

............................................................[2]

UCLES 2009

4040/01/O/N/09

17

One month after the start of the year, girls were allowed to change their choice, as long as they

still played at least one of the sports.

The following changes were made:

Two girls who had chosen to play only hockey decided to play both tennis and hockey.

Three girls who had chosen to play only tennis decided to play only netball instead.

Four girls who had chosen to play all three sports decided to stop playing tennis, but to continue

playing both hockey and netball.

(iv)

Insert, on the diagram below, the number of girls who have chosen to play the different

sports after these changes have been made.

Hockey

Netball

Tennis

.

UCLES 2009

[3]

4040/01/O/N/09

[Turn over

18

(b) In this part of the question, you are NOT required to DRAW any pie charts.

The following table gives the number of different models of car sold by a large company

in the year 2005.

(i)

Model

Number sold

Two-door saloon

491

Four-door saloon

646

Hatchback

542

Estate

521

If these figures were to be illustrated by a pie chart, calculate, to the nearest degree, the

angle of the sector representing sales of Estate cars.

......................................................... [2]

(ii)

In the year 2008, the company sold, in total, 26% more cars than it had sold in 2005.

If the sales in 2005 were illustrated by a pie chart of radius 5 cm, calculate the radius of a

pie chart illustrating the sales in 2008.

...................................................... cm [3]

(iii)

In a pie chart illustrating the sales in 2008, the angles of the sectors representing sales of

two-door saloons, four-door saloons and hatchbacks are 72, 103 and 85 respectively.

Calculate the number of estate cars which were sold in 2008.

............................................................[3]

UCLES 2009

4040/01/O/N/09

19

BLANK PAGE

4040/01/O/N/09

20

BLANK PAGE

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every

reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the

publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.

University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of

Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

4040/01/O/N/09

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