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North American rst edition cover

Author Suzanne Collins
Cover artist Tim O'Brien
Country United States
Language English
Series The Hunger Games trilogy
Genre Adventure Dystopian
Science ction
Publisher Scholastic
August 24, 2010
Media type Print (Hardcover,
Pages 390
ISBN 978-0-439-02351-1
OCLC 522512199
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mockingjay is a 2010 science ction
novel by American author Suzanne
Collins. It is the last installment of The
Hunger Games, following 2008's The
Hunger Games and 2009's Catching Fire.
The book continues the story of Katniss
Everdeen, who agrees to unify the
districts of Panem in a rebellion against
the tyrannical Capitol. The hardcover and
audiobook editions of Mockingjay were
published by Scholastic on August 24,
2010, six days after the ebook edition
went on sale. The book sold 450,000
copies in the rst week of release,
exceeding the publisher's expectations. It
received a generally positive reaction
from critics.
1 Inspiration and development
2 Plot
3 Themes
4 Publication history
4.1 Sales
5 Release
5.1 Promotion
5.2 Critical reception
6 Film adaptations
7 See also
8 References
9 External links
Inspiration and
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[Fic] 22
LC Class PZ7.C6837 Moc 2010
Preceded by Catching Fire
Collins has said that the main inspiration
for The Hunger Games trilogy came from
the classical account of Theseus and the
Minotaur. In Greek mythology, as a
punishment for the killing of King Minos's son Androgeos, Athens was forced to
sacrice seven youths and seven maidens to Crete, who were then put in the
Labyrinth and killed by the Minotaur.
After a while, Theseus, the son of the
Athenian king, decided to put an end to the Minotaur and Minos's terror, so he
volunteered to join the third group of victims, ultimately killing the Minotaur and
leading his companions out of the monster's Labyrinth.
Collins has said that there are also many parallels between the Roman Empire
and the ctional nation of Panem. She describes the Hunger Games as "an
updated version of the Roman gladiator games, which entails a ruthless
government forcing people to ght to the death as popular entertainment."
Collins also explains that the name "Panem" came from the Latin phrase "Panem
et Circenses", which means "Bread and Circuses"
and refers to the strategy
used by Roman emperors to appease the masses by providing them with food and
As with the previous books in the trilogy, Mockingjay contains 27 chapters, with
nine chapters in each of the three parts. This structure, which Collins had
previously used in her series The Underland Chronicles, came from Collins's
playwriting background.
This "three-act" structure is also apparent in the
trilogy as a whole; Collins stated that she "knew from the beginning" that she was
going to write a trilogy.
The cover and title information was revealed by Scholastic on February 11, 2010.
The cover continues the previous books' theme on the symbol of peace. The
novel's title comes from the hybrid birds of the same name that feature in the
novels' storyline.
As Publishers Weekly has stated, "the hybrid birds that are an
important symbolof hope and rebellionthroughout the books".
Collins likens
Katniss to a Mockingjay because both "should never have existed".
Katniss Everdeen, her sister Prim, and her friends Finnick Odair and Gale
Hawthorne all reluctantly adjust to a highly structured life in the underground
District 13, which has been spearheading the rebellion in Panem. Katniss
eventually agrees to act as "the Mockingjay"a poster child for the rebellionbut
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only on the condition that District 13's President Alma Coin vows to grant
immunity to all of the past Hunger Games tributes, including Katniss's friend
Peeta Mellark and Finnick's lover Annie Cresta, and to reserve for Katniss the
right to personally kill Panem's President Snow once he is captured. Tasked with
starring in rebel propaganda lms, called propos, Katniss is unhappily kept out of
actual combat until she deantly participates in a tragic battle involving the
bombing of a hospital at District 8.
Meanwhile, Peeta is being held by the Capitol and forced to defame Katniss and
the rebels on live television. During one broadcast, though, he exposes the
Capitol's surprise plan to bomb District 13, thus saving many lives during the
ensuing explosions but also causing the Capitol's torturers to "hijack" him, a
process in which he is infused with tracker jacker venom, developing in him a
deranged resentment and fear of Katniss. Soon afterward, District 13 leads a
successful mission to rescue Peeta and other tributes of the most recent Games,
including Annie, but Peeta immediately attempts to kill Katniss upon their
reunion. Therapy improves Peeta's psychological condition over time, but he
retains some memory loss and is still prone to violent outbursts toward Katniss.
District 13 hosts Finnick and Annie's wedding, and a controversial strategy
proposed by Gale wins a decisive victory at District 2, readying the rebels to
launch a nal campaign against the Capitol itself. Katniss and her propo team are
deployed on a trivial assignment to the Capitol, joined by Peeta, who is
unexpectedly sent with them by President Coin; Katniss interprets this to mean
that Coin, anticipating the war's end, no longer requires or trusts Katniss and now
expects her to be murdered by the unstable Peeta. While lming in a purportedly
safe Capitol neighborhood, the team's commander, Boggs, is killed. Taking
charge, Katniss convinces the others they are on a secret mission to assassinate
President Snow. Consequently, during intense urban warfare that involves Hunger
Games-like monsters and ambushes, many of Katniss's teammates, including
Finnick, are killed. Katniss presses on alone towards President Snow's mansion,
which has been surrounded by Capitol refugee children being used as human
shields to protect Snow. As Katniss reaches the mansion, a hoverplane with
Capitol markings drops parachutes onto the children that explode. The rebels'
combat medics, including Katniss's sister Prim, move in to help the injured
children, but further parachutes explode, killing Prim and severely burning
During her recuperation, Katniss becomes deeply depressed over her sister's
death. The rebels have won the war, and Katniss confronts President Snow, who,
awaiting execution, claims that Coin orchestrated Prim's death. He reminds
Katniss that they agreed not to lie to each other in the past, persuasively arguing
that the hoverplane airstrike could have served him no purpose. Suddenly, Katniss
realizes in horror that the hoverplane attack closely resembled Gale's bombing
strategy at District 2. When Katniss confronts Gale about his possible
involvement, however, he merely expresses uncertainty. Katniss's suspicions grow
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into a conspiracy theory.
President Coin proposes an idea that leads to a majority of the surviving tributes,
including Katniss (but not Peeta), voting in favor of punishing the Capitol just as
the Capitol punished the Districts: by holding a nal Hunger Games that will
target the children of the Capitol's leaders. Before Coin can organize this event,
though, the day of Snow's execution arrives, and Katniss is given the task of
executing him. As she prepares to do so, Snow ashes her a smile and, making
her decision, Katniss raises her bow and shoots Coin instead, killing her. Katniss
immediately attempts suicide, but Peeta stops her, and she is arrested during the
ensuing riot. After the riot, Snow is mysteriously found dead, Katniss is acquitted
of Coin's murder by reason of insanity, and she is relocated to the ruins of her
home, District 12. Months later, having largely recovered from his brainwashing,
Peeta and some other District 12 natives also return there. Katniss embraces her
love for Peeta, recognizing her need for his hope and strength, in contrast to Gale,
who has the same re she already nds in herself. Together, they write a book
lled with the stories of previous tributes of the Hunger Games in order to
preserve the memory of those who died.
Twenty years later, in the epilogue, Katniss and Peeta are married and now have
two children. The Hunger Games are over for good, but Peeta still suers trauma
from his "hijacking," and Katniss dreads the day her children learn about their
parents' involvement in both the Games and the war. When she feels distressed,
Katniss plays a comforting but repetitive "game," reminding herself of every good
thing she has ever seen someone do. The series ends with Katniss' somber
reection that "there are much worse games to play."
Reviews have noted many themes in the previous books that are also explored in
"Mockingjay". A review from The Baltimore Sun noted that "the themes of the
series, including physical hardships, loyalty in extreme circumstances and
traversing morally ambiguous terrain, are continued at an even larger scale." In
the book, Katniss must deal with betrayal and violence against people. At the
same time, while she was symbolically touching thousands of lives, she must also
lead those people into war. Finally, Katniss realizes she cannot even trust
President Coin, leader of District 13.
In an interview with Collins, it was noted that the series "tackles issues like
severe poverty, starvation, oppression, and the eects of war." Collins replied that
this inspiration was from her father, who, when going to war in Vietnam, made
sure that his children understood the consequences and eects of war.
Zipp of The Christian Science Monitor noted that it was "the most brutal of the
trilogy" and that "Collins doesn't take war lightly her characters debate the
morality involved in tactics used to try to overthrow the rotting, immoral
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government, and they pay a high cost for those tactics."
Katie Roiphe of The
New York Times wrote that "it is the perfect teenage story with its exquisitely
rened rage against the cruel and arbitrary power of the adult world."
In a
review for USA Today, Bob Minzesheimer pointed out that the novel contained
optimism: "Hope emerges from despair. Even in a dystopian future, there's a
better future."
Minzesheimer also noted a central question of "Real or not real?" which was
asked throughout the novel by Peeta.
Susan Carpenter of the Los Angeles
Times also pointed this out, writing, "Mockingjay takes readers into new
territories and an even more brutal and confusing world: one where it's unclear
what sides the characters are on, one where presumed loyalties are repeatedly
stood on their head".
Publication history
Mockingjay was rst released in the US and Canada on August 24, 2010. The UK,
New Zealand and Australia received the book one day later, on August 25, 2010.
The audiobook was released simultaneously on August 24, 2010 by Scholastic
The book had a 1.2 million-copy rst printing that was bumped up from
In its rst week of release, the book sold over 450,000 copies.
Following this, Scholastic printed an additional 400,000 copies, bringing the
initial print run up to 1.6 million. Scholastic Trade president Ellie Berger said that
sales "have exceeded all expectations".
The book has also been released in
e-book format and topped sales in the week ending with August 29, 2010, beating
out The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, which had held the top spot since April.
The other Hunger Games books have also made it in the top ten, with the rst
book at fth and the second book taking eighth.
To promote the release of Mockingjay, many bookstores held midnight release
parties. The ocial event in New York City was attended by Collins, and included
many activities such as a tarot card reader, a magician, jugglers and
face-painters. Prizes such as signed copies of Catching Fire and Hunger Games-
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themed cups were raed. Once Collins arrived, she read the rst chapter of the
novel, explaining that she would read with an accent since Katniss, the narrator,
is from Appalachia. By midnight, copies were being sold with a signature stamp
since Collins had a hand injury and was unable to sign.
Before the release, Scholastic also released a trailer for the book, launched a
Facebook page that gained over 22,000 fans in 10 days, and held a contest for
booksellers to win a visit from Collins and an online countdown clock to the
release date. There were also advertisements for the book on websites such as
Entertainment Weekly and Romantic Times. National Entertainment Collectibles
Association also sold other goods such as t-shirts, posters, games and
Collins also held a "13-District Blog Tour" where 13 winners
received a free copy of Mockingjay on August 24, 2010.
A tour was also
scheduled, starting at Books of Wonder in New York where the ocial party took
place. The tour ended on November 6, 2010, in the Third Place Books store in
Lake Forest Park, Washington.
Critical reception
Mockingjay has received generally positive reviews from critics. Some noted that
there was a suspense drop between Catching Fire and the start of Mockingjay.
Nicole Sperling of Entertainment Weekly gave the book a B+ and said, "Collins
has kicked the brutal violence up a notch in an edge-of-your-seat plot".
Publishers Weekly gave the book a starred review, calling it "the best yet, a
beautifully orchestrated and intelligent novel that succeeds on every level". The
review went on to praise the "sharp social commentary and the nifty world
Kirkus Reviews gave Mockingjay a starred review, saying that the
book is exactly what its fans are looking for and that "it will grab them and not let
Susan Carpenter of the Los Angeles Times compared the battleeld to
Iraq and said that the book is every bit as original as the rst in the series, ending
the review with "Wow".
The Baltimore Sun's Nancy Knight commented that the book "ends on an
ostensibly happy note, but the heartbreaking eects of war and loss aren't sugar-
coated" and that it will have readers thinking about the eects of war on
Katie Roiphe of The New York Times said it is "the perfect teenage
story with its exquisitely rened rage against the cruel and arbitrary power of the
adult world". However, she criticized that it was not as "impeccably plotted" as
The Hunger Games.
Bob Minzesheimer of USA Today gave the book three out
of four stars.
The Christian Science Monitor reviewer Yvonne Zipp described it
as "an entirely gripping read".
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While a review from The Sacramento Bee praised the action scenes and the battle
in the Capitol, the reviewer also criticized Collins for not giving enough time to
nish all the loose ends, writing that "the disappointment with Mockingjay hits
primarily as Collins starts her home stretch. It's almost as if she didn't allocate
enough time or chapters to handle all her threads".
Film adaptations
Main article: The Hunger Games: Mockingjay Part 1 and The Hunger
Games: Mockingjay Part 2
The Hunger Games trilogy is being adapted into a series of lms, with the stars of
the 2012 lm The Hunger Games having signed on for a total of four movies.
On July 10, 2012, it was announced that Mockingjay will be split into two parts,
with Part 1 set to be released on November 21, 2014, and Part 2 on November 20,
On November 1, 2012, it was conrmed that Francis Lawrence, director
of The Hunger Games: Catching Fire, will return to direct the two nal movies in
the series.
On September 13, 2013, it was announced that Julianne Moore will
play President Coin.
See also
^ "Mockingjay proves the Hunger
Games is must-read literature"
must-read). io9. 26 August 26.
Retrieved 12 February 2013.
a b
Margolis, Rick (September 1,
2008). "A Killer Story: An Interview
with Suzanne Collins, Author of 'The
Hunger Games' " (
School Library Journal. Retrieved
March 25, 2012.
^ Plutarch, Life of Theseus, 15. 1 - 2 3.
Mockingjay - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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a b
"Mockingjay (The Hunger Games
#3)" (
Powell's Books. Retrieved September
1, 2010.
^ Collins, Suzanne. Similarities To
Underland (
to-underland.htm) (Video). (Interview).
Scholastic Canada. Retrieved March 8,
^ Hopkinson, Deborah (September
2009). "A riveting return to the world
of 'The Hunger Games' "
%80%99). Book Page. Retrieved March
13, 2012.
^ Staskiewicz, Keith (February 11,
2010). "Final 'Hunger Games' novel
has been given a title and a cover"
Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved
February 11, 2010.
a b
Roback, Diane (February 11,
2010). " 'Mockingjay' to Conclude the
Hunger Games Trilogy"
trilogy-.html). Publishers Weekly.
Retrieved 2 September 2010.
^ Margolis, Rick (August 1, 2010).
"The Last Battle: With 'Mockingjay' on
its way, Suzanne Collins weighs in on
Katniss and the Capitol"
capitol/). School Library Journal.
Retrieved 2 September 2010.
a b
Knight, Nancy (August 30, 2010).
"Read Street: 90-second review:
'Mockingjay' by Suzanne Collins"
ml). The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved
August 31, 2010.
a b
Zipp, Yvonne (August 26, 2010).
/Mockingjay). The Christian Science
Monitor. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
a b
Roiphe, Katie (September 8,
2010). "Survivor"
/12/books/review/Roiphe-t.html). The
New York Times. Retrieved 14
September 2010.
a b c
Minzesheimer, Bob (March 1,
2011). "Suzanne Collins' 'Mockingjay'
is the real deal as the trilogy nale"
/r145223). USA Today. Retrieved
February 25, 2012.
Mockingjay - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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a b
Carpenter, Susan (August 23,
2010). " "Mockingjay" by Suzanne
Collins: Book review"
20100823). Los Angeles Times.
Retrieved 29 August 2010.
^ "Scholastic Increases First Printing
of Mockingjay, the Final Book of The
Hunger Games Trilogy, to 1.2 Million
/node/349) (Press release). Scholastic.
July 1, 2010. Retrieved 2 September
^ " 'Mockingjay' Sells More Than
450,000 Copies in First Week"
week.html). Publishers Weekly.
September 2, 2010. Retrieved
September 3, 2010.
a b
"Kindle best-sellers: 'Mockingjay'
ies to the top"
top-2067911.html). The Independent
(London). September 2, 2010.
Retrieved 2 September 2010.
^ Wilkinson, Amy (August 24, 2010).
" 'Mockingjay' Ocial Midnight
Release Party: We Were There!
Hollywood Crush"
games-midnight-release-party/). MTV.
MTV Networks. Retrieved 5
September 2010.
^ Springen, Karen (August 5, 2010).
"Marketing 'Mockingjay' "
mockingjay-.html). Publishers Weekly.
Retrieved 5 September 2010.
^ "Hungry for Mockingjay giveaways?"
( Scholastic.
July 30, 2010. Retrieved December 11,
^ "The Hunger Games by Suzanne
Collins" (
the-author.htm). Scholastic. Retrieved
5 September 2010.
^ Sperling, Nicole (August 24, 2010).
" 'Mockingjay' review: Spoiler alert!"
Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved
August 29, 2010.
^ "Mockingjay"
/978-0-439-02351-1). Publishers
Weekly. August 23, 2010. Retrieved
December 11, 2013.
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^ Smith, Vicky (August 25, 2010).
"MOCKINGJAY by Suzanne Collins"
Kirkus Reviews. Retrieved September
2, 2010.
^ Morrison, Kathy (August 30, 2010).
"Book review: 'Mockingjay' completes
'Hunger Games' trilogy.". The
Sacramento Bee.
^ Robert, David (November 18, 2011).
"Woody Harrelson Talks 'Hunger
Games' " (
hunger-games.jhtml). MTV. Retrieved
December 11, 2013.
^ " 'Mockingjay' to be split into two
movies, release dates announced"
/10/mockingjay-split-release-dates/). July 10, 2012. Retrieved
October 27, 2012.
^ "Exclusive: Francis Lawrence to
Direct Remainder of The Hunger
Games Franchise with Two-Part
Adaptation of Mockingjay"
mockingjay-francis-lawrence/207898/). November 1, 2012.
^ Labrecque, Je (13 September
2013). "Julianne Moore cast as
'Hunger Games' President Coin"
president-coin/). Entertainment
Weekly. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
External links
Suzanne CollinsOcial Website (
The Hunger Games trilogy on Scholastic (
Mockingjay ( at
the Hunger Games Wiki.
Retrieved from "
Categories: 2010 novels 21st-century American novels
American post-apocalyptic novels American science ction novels
American young adult novels Sequel novels The Hunger Games trilogy
Children's science ction novels Greco-Roman mythology in popular culture
Adventure novels
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