How to Solve Fraction Questions in Math

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How to Solve Fraction Questions in Math

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Questions in Math

Adding and Subtracting Fractions Converting Mixed Numbers into

Improper Fractions Multiplying Fractions Dividing Fractions

Edited by EvilFlame, Teresa, Maluniu, Mimi and 56 others

Fraction questions can look tricky at first, but they

become easier with practice and know-how. Once you

understand the fundamentals of what fractions are, you'll

be breezing through fraction problems like a knife

through butter. You will have to start with Step 1 and

learn how to perform basic addition and subtraction, and

then move on to more complex calculations.

Method 1 of 4: Adding and Subtracting

Fractions

1.

1

Find the lowest common denominator (bottom

number). For both adding and subtracting fractions,

you'll start with the same process. Figure out the lowest

common fraction that both denominators can go into.

For example, if you have 1/4 and 1/6, the lowest

common denominator is 12. (4x3=12, 6x2=12)

Ad

2.

2

Multiply fractions to match the lowest common

denominator. Remember that when you're doing this,

you're not actually changing the number, just the terms

in which it's expressed. Think of it like a pizza - 1/2 of a

pizza and 2/4 of a pizza are the same amount.

Figure out how many times your current

denominator goes into the lowest common

denominator. For 1/4, 4 multiplied by 3 is 12. For 1/6, 6

multiplied by 2 is 12.

Multiply the fraction's numerator and

denominator by that number. For 1/4, you would

multiply both 1 and 4 by 3, coming up with 3/12. 1/6

multiplied by 2 becomes 2/12. Now your problem looks

like 3/12 + 2/12 or 3/12 - 2/12.

1.

1

Add or subtract the two numerators (top number) but

NOT the denominators.The reason is because you are

trying to say how many of that type of fraction you have,

total. If you added the denominators as well, you would

be changing what type of fractions they are.

For 3/12 + 2/12, your final answer is 5/12. For

3/12 - 2/12, it's 1/12

Method 2 of 4: Converting Mixed

Numbers into Improper Fractions

1.

1

Convert mixed numbers into improper

fractions. Improper fractions are those whose

numerators are larger than their denominators. (For

example, 17/5.) If you are multiplying and dividing, you

must convert mixed numbers into improper fractions

before you begin the rest of your calculations.

Say you have the mixed number 3 2/5 (three

and two-fifths).

2.

2

Take the whole (non-fraction) number and multiply it

by the denominator. #*In our example, that means 3 x

5, which is 15.

3.

3

Add that answer to the numerator.

For our example, we add 15 + 2 to get 17

4.

4

Put that amount over the original denominator and

you will have an improper fraction.

In our case, we get 17/5.

Method 3 of 4: Multiplying Fractions

1.

1

Make sure you're working with two fractions. These

instructions work only if you have two fractions. If you

have any mixed numbers involved, convert them to

improper fractions first..

2.

2

Multiply numerator x numerator, then multiply

denominator x denominator.

So say I had 1/2 x 3/4, I would multiply 1 x 3

and 2 x 4. The answer is 3/8.

Method 4 of 4: Dividing Fractions

1.

1

Make sure you're working with two fractions. Again,

this process will work ONLY if you have already

converted any mixed numbers into improper fractions.

2.

2

Flip the second fraction upside down.

3.

3

Change the division sign into a multiplication sign.

If you started with 8/15 3/4 then it would

become 8/15 x 4/3

2.

4

Multiply top x top and bottom x bottom.

8 x 4 is 32 and 15 x 3 is 45, so the final answer

is 32/45.

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