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Pre Calculus

Unit 1 Test
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1. 6ã
Determine the quadrant in which the terminal side of an angle of ÄÄ
5
lies.
a. The terminal side lies on one of the axes.
b. III
c. IV
d. I
e. II

2. 7ã
Which of the following angles is coterminal to é = -ÄÄ?
12
a. 17ã
ÄÄÄ
12
b. 19ã
-ÄÄÄ
12
c. None of these
d. 5ã
ÄÄ
12
e. 5ã 19ã
Both ÄÄ and -ÄÄÄ
12 12

3. ã
Determine which of the following angles is complementary to é = Ä.
6
a. ã
Ä
3
b. 13ã
ÄÄÄ
6
c. 11ã
-ÄÄÄ
6
d. None of these
e. 5ã
ÄÄ
6
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4. 5ã
Convert to degrees: ÄÄ.
12
a. 150ø
b. 75ø
c. 82ø
d. 36ø
e. None of these

5. Convert to degrees: 2.5 radians.


a. 286.48ø
b. 0.04ø
c. None of these
d. 143.24ø
e. 450.00ø

6. Convert to (degree) decimal form: -13ø 42' 15".


a. -13.95ø
b. None of these
c. -12.05ø
d. -13.7042ø
e. -12.2958ø

7. Convert to degrees, minutes, and seconds: 178.463ø.


a. 178ø 77' 50"
b. 178ø 46' 30"
c. 178ø 27' 47"
d. None of these
e. 178ø 7' 12"

8. The central angle é of a circle with radius 5 inches intercepts an arc


of 15 inches. Find é.
a. None of these
b. 171.9ø
c. 166.1ø
d. 168.2ø
e. 177.9ø

9. A bicycle wheel with an 18 inch diameter rotates 120ø. What distance


has the bicycle traveled?
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10. Find the point (x, y) on the unit circle that corresponds to the real
ã
number t = -Ä.
4
a. None of these
b. (1, -1)
c. ´ÚÄ ÚÄÃ
³û2 û2³
³ÄÄ, -Äij
’ 2 2Å
d. ´1 1Ã
³Ä, -ij
’2 2Å
e. ´ÚÄ ÚÄÃ
³û2 û2³
³ÄÄ, Äij
’ 2 2Å

11. 4ã
Give the exact value of tan ÄÄ.
3
a. ÚÄ
û2
b. 1
ÄÄ
ÚÄ
û3
c. None of these
d. 1
-ÄÄ
ÚÄ
û2
e. ÚÄ
-û3
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12. ´ 3ãÃ
Give the exact value of cos³-Äij.
’ 4Å
a. None of these
b. ÚÄ
û2
ÄÄ
2
c. 1

2
d. ÚÄ
û3
ÄÄ
2
e. ÚÄ
û2
-ÄÄ
2

13. 7ã
Give the exact value of sin -ÄÄ.
6

14. 7ã
Give the exact value of sin ÄÄ.
2
a. 7
b. 0
c. -1
d. None of these
e. 1

15. Use the triangle shown below to find tan é.


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16. 7
A right triangle has an acute angle é such that csc é = Ä. Find
3
tan é.
a. None of these
b. 3
Ä
7
c. ÚÄÄ
2û10
ÄÄÄÄ
3
d. ÚÄÄ
2û10
ÄÄÄÄ
7
e. ÚÄÄ
3û10
ÄÄÄÄ
20

17. ÚÄ
û3
Find the acute angle é, if sin é = ÄÄ.
2
a. ã
Ä
2
b. ã
Ä
3
c. ã
Ä
4
d. ã
Ä
6
e. None of these
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18. Find x for the triangle shown below.


a. 14
b. 7
Ä
2
c. None of these
d. ÚÄ
7û3
e. 7
ÄÄ
ÚÄ
û3

19. Determine the quadrant in which é lies: tan é < 0 and cos é > 0.
a. I
b. IV
c. III
d. None of these
e. II

20. 19ã
Find the reference angle for é = ÄÄÄ.
15
a. 49ã
ÄÄÄ
15
b. 11ã
ÄÄÄ
30
c. 7ã
ÄÄ
30
d. None of these
e. 4ã
ÄÄ
15
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21. Describe the horizontal shift to the graph of g with respect of the
graph of è:
´ ãÃ
g(x) = 4 sin³2x - ij and è(x) = 4 sin(2x).
’ 3Å
a. ã
Ä units to the left
6
b. None of these
c. 2ã
ÄÄ units to the left
3
d. 2ã
ÄÄ units to the right
3
e. ã
Ä units to the right
6

22. Match the graph with the correct function.


a. None of these
b. ´ ãÃ
è(x) = -4 sin³3x - ij
’ 2Å
c. ´ ãÃ
è(x) = 4 cos³3x + ij
’ 2Å
d. ´ ãÃ
è(x) = 4 sin³2x - ij
’ 3Å
e. ´ ãÃ
è(x) = 4 cos³2x - ij
’ 3Å
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23. A buoy oscillates in simple harmonic motion as waves move past. An


7 ãt
equation that describes this motion is d = Ä cos ÄÄ. Find the period
4 5
of the function.
a. 2
Ä
5
b. 2ã2
ÄÄÄ
5
c. None of these
d. 10
e. 5

24. ´ ãÃ
Match the correct graph with the function: è(x) = cot³x - ij.
’ 4Å
a. II
b. I
c. None of these
d. III
e. IV
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25. Sketch the graph of the function: y = -csc(2x - ã).

26. Which of the following is a vertical asymptote to the graph of


´ ãÃ
y = -tan³x - ij?
’ 3Å
a. ã
x = Ä
3
b. 3ã
x = ÄÄ
2
c. None of these
d. 5ã
x = ÄÄ
6
e. ã
x = Ä
2

27. Match the graph with the correct function.


a. è(x) = 2x + sin x
b. è(x) = 2x cos x
c. è(x) = 2x sin x
d. None of these
e. è(x) = 2x + cos x
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28. ´ 1Ã
Evaluate: arccos³-ij.
’ 2Å
a. ã

3
b. None of these
c. ã
Ä
3
d. 2ã
ÄÄ
3
e. ã
Ä
6

29. Evaluate: arctan(-1).


a. None of these
b. ã
Ä
4
c. 3ã
ÄÄ
4
d. 7ã
ÄÄ
4
e. ã

4
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30. Ú ¿
³ ´ 2ó
Evaluate: cos³arctan³-ij³.
³ ’ 3ų
À Ù
a. ÚÄÄ
2û13
ÄÄÄÄ
13
b. ÚÄÄ
2û13
-ÄÄÄÄ
13
c. ÚÄ
3û3
-ÄÄÄ
13
d. ÚÄÄ
3û13
ÄÄÄÄ
13
e. None of these

31. Use an inverse trigonometric function to write é as a function of x (see


figure).
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32. Match the graph with the correct function.


a. è(x) = arctan(x - 1)
b. è(x) = arccot(x + 1)
c. None of these
d. è(x) = arcsin x
e. è(x) = arcsin(x + 1)

33. Match the graph with the correct function.


a. è(x) = arctan x
b. è(x) = arcsin x
c. è(x) = arcsin(x - 1)
d. è(x) = arctan(x - 1)
e. None of these
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34. Match the graph with the correct function.


a. None of these
b. ´xÃ
è(x) = arccos³Ä³
’2Å
c. è(x) = arcsin(x + 2)
d. è(x) = arccos(x - 2)
e. è(x) = arccos(2x)

35. Match the graph with the correct function.


a. x
è(x) = arcsinÄ
2
b. x
è(x) = arccosÄ
2
c. è(x) = arctan 2x
d. None of these
e. è(x) = arctan(x - 1)
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36. A 40-foot extension ladder leans against the side of a building. Find
the distance, h, up the side of the building if the angle of elevation
of the ladder is 68ø.
a. 38 feet
b. 37 feet
c. None of these
d. 36 feet
e. 35 feet

37. The sun is 30ø above the horizon. Find the length of a shadow cast by a
person 6 feet tall.
a. None of these
b. 7.9 feet
c. 9.6 feet
d. 10.4 feet
e. 8 feet

38. A surveyor wishes to find the distance across a river. The bearings
from 2 points 70 feet apart on the same bank of the river to a tree on the
opposite bank are N and N 34ø W. Find the width of the river.
a. 111.4 feet
b. 93.4 feet
c. 100.9 feet
d. 103.8 feet
e. None of these
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39. ã
Evaluate: cot Ä.
3

40. 2
Given sin é = -Ä, and tan é > 0, find cos é.
9

41. Determine the period and amplitude of the function: è(x) = -7 cos 3x.

42. Describe the shifts in the graph of g with respect to the graph of è:
´ ãÃ
g(x) = 1 + cos³2x + ij and è(x) = cos 2x.
’ 2Å
a. ã
Ä left, up 1
4
b. ã
Ä right, up 1
4
c. None of these
d. ã
Ä left, up 1
2
e. ã
Ä right, down 1
2

43. Sketch by hand the graph of the function: è(x) = -2 sin(2x + ã).
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44. Match the correct graph with the function: è(x) = csc 3x.
a. III
b. II
c. None of these
d. IV
e. I

45. Determine the period of the function: è(x) = 3 cot 4x.


a. None of these
b. ã
Ä
2
c. 2ã
d. 4ã
e. ã
Ä
4