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IGNITE- RIVER POLLUTION

Submitted By: Vivek Sheoran


Institute : IIM Indore
MAJOR SOURCES OF POLLUTION

Non- Point
Sources
• Runoff from solid,
medical wastes &
agricultural fields
• Disposal of Dead
Bodies & Animal
Carcasses
• Open Defecation &
Cattle Wallowing
VARIOUS ALTERNATIVES FOR POINT
SOURCES
 Radiation- Gamma, Ultraviolet- helps in
controlling bacterial load ( Option available but
rarely used)
 Chlorination ( Available and used in certain
areas)
 Sewage treatment plants ( Available and used in
certain areas)
 Robotic Fishes- Will detect and clean polluted
water through chemical sensors and navigation
control ( Currently R& D phase)
VARIOUS ALTERNATIVES FOR NON-POINT
SOURCES
 Educating people about the adverse effects
 Setting up crematoriums' near major ghats

 Setting up rest rooms near major river beds


etc….. etc…..

NEARLY ALL ARE LONG TERM SOLUTIONS AND ALSO


THERE IS NO GURANTEE FOR SUCCESS , HENCE
THE NEED IS TO PROVIDE SOLUTIONS FOR WASTE
EMANATING FROM POINT SOURCES
MAIN ISSUE – TO DEAL WITH MUNICIPAL
SEWAGE
Process currently followed that too at very few
places: Sewage treated with chemicals to make it
safe to be discharged into the river.
Drawbacks:
 Not self sustaining thus cost ineffective

 Short term solution

 Constantly incurring expenses on maintenance

 Private players are not interested hence


government alone has to carry out the work which
becomes all the more difficult due to bureaucracy
and corruption: one of the major reasons for failure
of GAP-I & II, YAP
IDEA !!!!
 Set up 2 stage treatment plants
 Stage 1: Separate the slurry from
disposed liquid sewage

 Stage 2: The liquid treated with


chemicals to make it usable for
irrigation purposes
STAGE 1
 Gas plants to installed which will be operated by
the slurry collected from raw sewage
 Alternative 1
 The gas produced will be delivered to the neighboring
town from which sewage pipeline is coming ( delivery
will have to done via pipelines and meters will be
installed per household to measure the consumption,
slightly higher rates will be charged than LPG
cylinders)
 The quantity of fuel supplied will be enough to
sustain around 15% of the households in the
city/town
 Alternative 2
 The gas will be used to operate gas engines to provide
electricity which can be sold to industrial units in
cities and households in villages/small towns
Stage 2
 After treating the liquid it will be supplied via
pipelines to nearby villages
 To be supplied at the normal market rate

Opportunity
 Private players might be interested to set up these
plants
 Reason: Not only this model will generate some returns
but also it will be highly subsidized by the government
 Can be categorized under CSR activities by major firms
( similar to that of E- Choupal by ITC)
DRAWBACKS
 Initial investment is quite high ( Again Govt is
likely to provide free land and some subsidy in
purchasing equipments but still it will be a
considerable amount)
 Some amount of testing and R&D is required to
sort out large scale operational issues e.g. laying
pipelines etc
 In the initial phase will be hard to implement in
villages and small towns
 Stage 2 model is not likely to sustain on its own
SUGGESTIONS ARE WELCOME

Thank you