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GEO-TECHNICAL ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS

PROJECT : TAWEELAH POWER PLANT A2


LOCATION : TAWEELAH , ABU DHABI
CONSULTANTS : SEIMENS
PILE BEARING CAPACITY IN WEAK ROCK
INPUT
Pile Diameter 600 mm
Rock Socket Length 3.00 m
Design UCS Base 1700 KN/m
Design UCS Rock Socket 1700 KN/m
Friction Angle 38
Design RQD 60 %
CALCULATION
Ultimate Pile Capacity = 4337 KN
Factor of Safety = 3
Safe Capacity of Pile = 1446 KN
REFERENCE
Pile Design and Construction Practice (Third Edition)
by M J Tomlinson
Section 4.7.1 & 4.7.3, Page 131,134 & 135
3 DESIGN CALCULATION
3.1 Loads
The Loads on the foundations are as follows :
Factor of Ultimate Design
Safety Loads Loads
kg kN kN kN
Compression C 100063 981.62 2.5 2454.05 2454.05
Tension T 88138 864.64 2.5 2161.59 2161.59
Shear Trans. T
x
20000 196.20 2.5 490.50 490.50
Shear Long. T
y
20000 196.20 2.5 490.50 490.50
Shear Resultant T 28284 277.47 2.5 693.67 693.67
3.2 Soil Description
0.0 - 1.1 m Poorly graded SAND
1.1 - 12.8 m Weak SANDSTONE moderately fractured, moderately weathered.
12.8 - 20.0 m Very weak to weak SILTSTONE, highly fractured, moderately weathered.
3.3 Soil Parameter
0.0 - 1.1 m Neglected for calculation purpose
1.1 - 12.8 m Av. Unconfined Compression Strength (UCS) =
Depth RQD UCS
m % kN/m
2
2.5 30 4796
3.5 5570
5 20 5551
6.5 6100
7.5 10 3197
9.5 4256
10.5 10 1972
Average UCS = 4492
Minimum UCS = 1972
Angle of Internal Friction f = 38
o
3.4 Concrete & Steel Design Parameter
Concrete Characterstic Strength at 28 days = 40 N/mm
2
Partial Factor of Safety g
c
= 1.5
Design Strength f
cd
= 22.67 N/mm
2
High Yield Deform Bars Grade 60, Yield Strength = 460 N/mm
2
Partial Factor of Safety g
s
= 1.15
Design Strength f
yd
= 400 N/mm2
Working Loads
3.4 Design of Pile Length
3.4.1 Shaft Friction
R.Q.D = 20
Mass Factor j = 0.20 (Refer Table 1)
Reduction Factor a = 0.15 (Refer Figure 1)
Correction Factor b = 0.65 (Refer Figure 2)
q
uc(shaft)
= 1971 kN/m
fs = 192 kN/m
Pile Diameter Socket Length
m m
0.6 5.97
0.8 4.77
0.9 3.98
1.0 3.58
3.4.2 Base Resistance
Bearing Capacity Factor Nf = tan
2
(45
o
+ f/2)
= 4.20
q
uc(base)
= 1972 KN/m
Reduction Factor for joints = 50 %
Ultimate Pile Base Resistance = 4145 KN/m
Pile Diameter Base Resistance
0.6 1172 kN
0.8 1831 kN
0.9 2637 kN
1.0 3255 kN
Use Pile Diameter 800 mm, Socket Length = 6.0 m
Ultimate Capacity in Tension = 2898 kN 2161.59
Ultimate Capacity in Comp. = 4981 kN 2454.05
3.5 Pile Reinforcement Design
3.5.1 Pile Stiffness Factor
INPUT
Pile Diameter 0.8 m
Pile Depth 6 m
Concrete Strength 40 N/mm
2
Cu 986 kN/m
2
( 50% of UCS Value of 1972)
Below water table y/n n
H 277 kN
Formulae
Case - Cohesive Soil R = (EI/K)
1/4
Case - Cohesionless Soil T = (EI/n
h
)
1/5
fs = a.b.quc(shaft)
qb = 2.Nf.quc(base)
CALCULATION
I = 0.0201 m
4
E = 28 kN/mm
2
K 12 MN/m
2
n
h
=
MN/m
3
RESULT
R = 2.62 m
T = m
Pile embedded length = 6 m
2R = 5.23 m
Embedded length of pile is greater than 2R o.k.
REFERENCE
The above calculation is based on Pile Design & Construction Practice
by M. J. Tomlinson, Chapter 6, item 6.3.1
3.5.2 Maximum Bending Moment along Depth = H x M
h
x R
= 277.47 x 0.5 x 2.62
= 363 kNm
The above calculation is based on Pile Design & Construction Practice
by M. J. Tomlinson, Chapter 6, item 6.3.4
3.5.3
(As Per CP110)
Maxm. Axial Compression Load = 981.62 kN
Maxm. Bending Moment = 363 kNm
Load Factor = 1.5
Ultimate Bending Moment ( M ) = 1.5 x 364 = 545 kNm
Pile Diameter ( h) = 800 mm
Ultimate Axial Load ( N ) = 1.5 x 981.62 = 1472 kN
Concrete Cover = 75 mm
Concrete Strength = 40 N/mm
2
Steel Yield Strength = 460 N/mm
2
hs = 800 - 2 x 75 = 650 mm
hs/h = 650 / 800 = 0.8125
N / h
2
= 1472.43 x 1000 = 2.30 N/mm
2
800
2
M
u
/ h
3
= 545 x
10
6
= 1.06
N/mm
2
800
3
(Asc/Ac) value obtained from graph
(Using CP110 Part 3 1972) = 0.5
(Steel Required )= % of the pile cross section area = 0.5 %
Steel section area = 2513 mm
2
(Steel Provided) =
bar diameter = 25
number of bars = 6
area of steel available = 2945 mm
2
3.5.4 Steel Calculation for Direct Tension
Steel Calculation for Compression & Bending
Ultimate Tension = 2161.59 kN
Tensile Strength of Steel = 460 N/mm
2
(Steel Required ) = = 4699 mm
2
(Steel Provided) = bar diameter = 25
number of bars = 10
area of steel available = 4909 mm
2
3.5.5 Steel Calculation for Tension & Bending
Tension Load = 864.64 kN
Maxm. Bending Moment = 363 kNm
Pile Diameter = 800 mm
Load Factor = 1.5
=
n = T/(Ac . Fcd) = 0.114
m = M/(Ac . d . Fcd) = 0.060
w = Ast /Ac . fyd/fcd = 0.22 (from Design Chart)
fcd
= f
cu
x 0.85 / 1.5 = 22667 kN/m2
fyd
= f
y
/ 1.15 = 400000 kN/m2
gm = 1.5 for the Concrete ,1.15 for the Steel
Where :
T = Tension Load on the Pile
M = Maximum Bending Moment due to Lateral Load
Ac = Area of Cross - Section of Pile
d = Diameter of the Pile
fcd = = Design Strength of the Concrete = 0.85x fcu/gm (BS8110)
fyd = = Design Strength of Steel = fy/gm (BS8110)
(Steel Required ) = 6266 mm
2
(Steel Provided) = bar diameter 25
number of bars 13
area of steel available 6381 mm
2
3.5.6
Steel Calculation for Crack Width Control
Working Tension = 864.64
Allowable Tension in Steel = 130 N/mm
2
(Steel Required ) = = 6651 mm
2
(Steel Provided) = bar diameter = 25
number of bars = 14
area of steel available = 6872 mm
2
( Please note that this consideration is not applicable as the ground water table
was not encountered upto 20.0 m depth.)
0.00981
0.00981
0.00981
0.00981
0.00981
48.9
56.8
56.6
62.2
32.6
43.4
20.1
Pile Diameter
0.8
Socket Length
6
CALCULATION FOR STIFFNESS FACTOR T
DALLAS FOUNDATION L.L.C
SA/99 dated : 5/5/2014 C:\226326528.xlsx.ms_office : stiffness
DALLAS FOUNDATION L.L.C
SA/99 dated : 5/5/2014 C:\226326528.xlsx.ms_office : Stens-bm