# 1

RESTRICTED
TLL RESTRICTED
2014-2-SGOR-STARklang_MATHS QA by TAN LING LING
Section A [45 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
1. (a) The function f is defined by
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
+ ÷
÷
=
6 5
1
) (
2
2
x x
x
x f
. 1 ,
1 ,
>
<
x
x
Determine whether f
is continuous at 1 = x . [3 marks]
(b) Evaluate
1
4 5
lim
1
÷
÷ ÷
÷
x
x x
x
. [3 marks]

2. Oil is poured into a hemispherical bowl of radius 5 cm at the rate of t 4 cm
3
s
−1
.

The
volume of the oil in the bowl is given by ) 15 (
3
2
h
h
V ÷ =
t
when its depth is h cm. Given that at a
particular instant the depth of the oil is 2 cm. Find
(a) the rate of change of h, [3 marks]
(b) the rate of change of the radius of the surface area of the oil. [4 marks]

3. Find the exact value of
}
e
1
x x
n
[5 marks]
4. Find the solution of the differential equation , 2 sin tan tan y x x
dx
dy
x ÷ =
2
0
t
< < x ,
given that
2
1
= y when
6
t
= x . [10 marks]

5. Given that |
.
|

\
|
+ = x y
4
tan
t
.
(a) Show that
dx
dy
y
dx
y d
2
2
2
= . [3 marks]
(b) Using Maclaurin’s theorem, find the series expansion of |
.
|

\
|
+ x
4
tan
t
in
ascending powers of x up to and including the term in
4
x . [6 marks]

(c) Given that the value of y, correct to 8 decimal places is 1.223 048 88 when
1 . 0 = x . Find the percentage error of the estimate. [3 marks]

2
RESTRICTED
TLL RESTRICTED
6. (a) Use the trapezium rule with five ordinates to find an approximation for

}
3
1
dx
x 3
1
3
+
(b) Comment on how you could obtain a better approximation to the value of the
integral using the trapezium rule with a reason. [1 mark]

Section B [15 marks]
Answer any one question in this section.

7. Given that . 3 ) 2 ( ) ( + ÷ = x x x f
(a) State the set of values of x for which f is defined. [1 mark]
(b) Determine the coordinates of the stationary point of the curve. [4 marks]
(c) Find the intervals of x for which ) (x f is increasing and decreasing. [3 marks]
(d) Sketch the graph ) (x f y = . [2 marks]
(e) Calculate the area bounded by the curve and the x-axis. [5 marks]

8. Find the equations of the asymptotes of the curve
2
4
1
x
x
y
÷
+
= . Determine the coordinates
of the points where the curve intersects the axes. Sketch the curve.
[5 marks]
By sketching an additional graph on the same axes, state the number of real roots of the
equation ). 4 ( 1
2 3
÷ = + x x x [2 marks]
With 2 as the first approximation, use the Newton-Raphson method to find the root of the
above equation, correct to four decimal places. [5 marks]
Rearrange the equation into an appropriate form to find an approximation for the root by
iterative method. Use the initial approximation of 2 to find the second approximation of the root,
correct to four decimal places. [3 marks]

3
RESTRICTED
TLL RESTRICTED
SMK Tengku Ampuan Rahimah, Klang.
Mark Scheme for 2014 STPM Trial: MATHEMATICS T PAPER 2 954/2

No. Working Marks Total
Mark
Note
1(a)
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
+ ÷
÷
=
, 6 5
, 1
) (
2
2
x x
x
x f
. 1
, 1
>
<
x
x

)] 1 ( [
lim
) (
lim
2
1 1
÷ ÷ =
÷
÷
÷
÷
x x f
x x

0
)] 1 1 ( [
2
=
÷ ÷ =

) 6 5 ( ) (
2
1 1
lim lim + ÷ =
+ +
÷ ÷
x x x f
x x

2
6 ) 1 ( 5 ) 1 (
2
=
+ ÷ =

) ( lim
1
x f

¬ does not exist since ) ( ) ( lim lim
1 1
x f x f
x x
+ ÷
÷ ÷
=
M1

A1
(Either left or
right limit)
use ) 1 (
2
÷ ÷ x
for left limit

or
6 5
2
+ ÷ x x
for right limit

¬ f is not continuous at x=1 since ) ( ) ( lim lim
1 1
x f x f
x x
+ ÷
÷ ÷
=
[ or ¬ = + ÷ = 2 6 ) 1 ( 5 ) 1 ( ) 1 (
2
f ) 1 ( ) ( lim
1
f x f
x
=
÷
÷
]
A1

3 With reason
1(b)

1
4 5
lim
1
÷
÷ ÷
÷
x
x x
x

) 4 5 )( 1 (
) 4 5 )( 4 5 (
lim
1 x x x
x x x x
x + ÷ ÷
+ ÷ ÷ ÷
=
÷

M1 Multiplication
by Conjugate

) 4 5 )( 1 (
4 5
lim
1 x x x
x x
x + ÷ ÷
÷ ÷
=
÷

) 4 5 )( 1 (
) 1 ( 4
lim
1 x x x
x
x + ÷ ÷
÷
=
÷

) 4 5 (
4
lim
1 x x x + ÷
=
÷

M1 Simplification

) 1 4 ) 1 ( 5 (
4
+ ÷
=

2 = A1 3
4
RESTRICTED
TLL RESTRICTED
2
) 15 (
3
2
h
h
V ÷ =
t

(a)
) 3 30 (
3
2
h h
dh
dV
÷ =
t

M1 Differentiation

Given , 2 = h t 4 =
dt
dV

dt
dh
dh
dV
dt
dV
× =

dt
dh
× ÷ = ) ) 2 ( 3 ) 2 ( 30 (
3
4
2
t
t
M1

Chain Rule

4
1
16
4
= =
dt
dh
cm s
-1
A1 3
(b)

2 2 2
5 ) 5 ( = ÷ + h r
B1 Pythagoras’

2 2
10 h h r ÷ =

h
dh
dr
r 2 10 2 ÷ = ¬
M1 Differentiation

r
h
dh
dr ÷
=
5

Given 2 = h 16 ) 2 ( ) 2 ( 10
2 2
= ÷ = ¬ r

dt
dh
dh
dr
dt
dr
× =

|
.
|

\
|
×
÷
=
4
1
) 4 (
) 2 ( 5

M1 His

16
3
= cm s
-1

A1 4

r
5
h
5-h
5
RESTRICTED
TLL RESTRICTED
3
}
e
1
x x
n
ln dx

= ÷
(
(
¸
(

¸

+
+
e
n
n
x
x
1
1
1
) (ln
}
e
1
|
|
.
|

\
|
×
+
+
x n
x
n
1
1
1
dx

¸

= ¬
=
x dx
du
x u
1
, ln 

(
(
(
(
¸
(
+
= ¬
=
+
1
1
n
x
v
x
dx
dv
n
n

B1

M1

u,
dx
dv
;
Correct By
Parts
formula

= ÷
(
(
¸
(

¸

+
+
e
n
n
x
x
1
1
1
) (ln
}
e
1
|
|
.
|

\
|
+1 n
x
n
dx

= ÷
(
(
¸
(

¸

+
+
e
n
n
x
x
1
1
1
) (ln
e
n
n
x
1
2
1
) 1 (
(
(
¸
(

¸

+
+

M1 Correct
}

= | |
1 1
1 ) 1 (ln ) (ln
1
1
+ +
× ÷
+
n n
e e
n
| |
1 1
2
1
) 1 (
1
+ +
÷
+
÷
n n
e
n

M1 Subst limits

= | | 1 ) 1 1 (
) 1 (
1
1
2
+ ÷ +
+
+
n e
n
n

= | | 1
) 1 (
1
1
2
+
+
+ n
ne
n

A1 5 Exact value

4
, 2 sin tan tan y x x
dx
dy
x ÷ = , cot 2 sin tan x y x
dx
dy
x ÷ = ¬ ÷

x x y
dx
dy
2 sin cot = +
B1 1
st
order
Linear diffl

}
=
xdx
e I
cot

M1 Integration
attempted

x
e
sin ln
=
A1 Correct
}

x sin = A1

= ) sin ( x y
dx
d
x x 2 sin sin
M1 LHS as
diffl of Yi

= x ysin
}
x x 2 sin sin dx
A1

= x ysin
}
x xcos sin 2
2
dx
B1
x x
x
cos sin 2
2 sin
=

= c
x
+
(
(
¸
(

¸

3
sin
2
3

A1
6
RESTRICTED
TLL RESTRICTED

2
1
= y ,
6
t
= x c + |
.
|

\
|
= ¬
6
sin
3
2
6
sin
2
1
3
t t

M1 Subst. to
find c

6
1
2
1
3
2
4
1
3
= |
.
|

\
|
÷ = c

x ysin =
6
1
sin
3
2
3
+ x or ecx x y cos
6
1
sin
3
2
2
+ =
A1 10

5
|
.
|

\
|
+ = x y
4
tan
t

(a)
|
.
|

\
|
+ = x
dx
dy
4
sec
2
t

M1

|
.
|

\
|
+ + = x
4
tan 1
2
t

2
1 y + =
M1

dx
dy
y
dx
y d
2
2
2
= ¬ (Shown)
A1 3
(b)
(
(
¸
(

¸

|
.
|

\
|
+ =
2
2
2
3
3
2
dx
dy
dx
y d
y
dx
y d

M1

(
(
¸
(

¸

|
.
|

\
|
+ |
.
|

\
|
+ =
2
2
2
2
3
3
4
4
2 2
dx
y d
dx
dy
dx
dy
dx
y d
dx
y d
y
dx
y d

M1

1 0
4
tan 0 = |
.
|

\
|
+ = ¬ =
t
y x , 2 1 1
2
= + =
dx
dy
, , 4 ) 2 )( 1 ( 2
2
2
= =
dx
y d

( ) | | 16 2 ) 4 )( 1 ( 2
2
3
3
= + =
dx
y d
, ( ) ( ) | | 80 ) 4 ( 2 2 2 ) 4 ( ) 16 )( 1 ( 2
4
4
= + + =
dx
y d

M1

A1
At least 2
correct

All correct

...
! 4
80
! 3
16
! 2
4
2 1
4
tan
4 3 2
+ + + + + = |
.
|

\
|
+
x x x
x x
t

M1

...
3
10
3
8
2 2 1
4 3 2
+ + + + + = x x x x
A1 6
(c)
... ) 1 . 0 (
3
10
) 1 . 0 (
3
8
) 1 . 0 ( 2 ) 1 . 0 ( 2 1 1 . 0
4 3 2
+ + + + + = ¬ = y x
M1
223 . 1 ~

Percentage error % 100
223048888 . 1
223048888 . 1 223 . 1
×
÷
=
M1
= 0.004% A1 3
7
RESTRICTED
TLL RESTRICTED
6 4 5 1 , 3 , 1 = ¬ = + = = n n b a
2
1
4
1 3
=
÷
= h
B1 Both n, h
(a)

x
3
1
3
+ x

1 0.25
1.5 0.1569
2 0.09091
2.5 0.05369
3 0.03333
¿= 28333 . 0 ¿= 3015 . 0

M1

}
3
1
dx
x 3
1
3
+
| | ) 3015 . 0 ( 2 28333 . 0
2
1
2
1
+ |
.
|

\
|
~

M1

222 . 0 = (3 s.f.) A1 4
(b) Bigger n since smaller percentage error. A1 1

7
3 ) 2 ( ) ( + ÷ = x x x f

(a)
) (x f is defined when 0 3> + x
Set of x { } R x x x e ÷ > = , 3 :

A1 1

(b)
) 1 ( 3 ) 3 (
2
1
) 2 ( ) ( '
2
1
+ + + × ÷ =
÷
x x x x f

M1

3
) 3 ( 2 2
+
+ + ÷
=
x
x x

3
4 3
+
+
=
x
x

A1

Stationary when 0
3
4 3
=
+
+
x
x

M1

3
4
÷ = x

|
|
.
|

\
|
÷ ÷ ¬ ÷ = + ÷ |
.
|

\
|
÷ ÷ =
9
15 10
,
3
4
9
15 10
3
3
4
2
3
4
) (x f

A1

4

8
RESTRICTED
TLL RESTRICTED
(c) Increasing when 0 ) ( ' > x f
i.e. 0 4 3 > + x M1

¬Interval is |
.
|

\
|
· ÷ ,
3
4

A1

Interval for decreasing is |
.
|

\
|
÷ ÷
3
4
, 3

A1

3

(d)

D1

D1

2
General
shape &
(−3,0) or
(2,0) or
( ) 3 2 , 0 ÷

All correct

(e)
Area of R
}
÷
+ ÷ ÷ =
2
3
3 ) 2 ( x x dx
B1

Let dx udu x u = ¬ + = 2 3
2

M1 Either

; 0 , 3 = ÷ = u x 5 , 2 = = u x

Area of R
}
÷ ÷ ÷ =
5
0
2
) 2 ( ) 2 3 ( udu u u
M1

}
÷ ÷ =
5
0
2 4
) 10 2 ( du u u

5
0
3 5
3
10
5
2
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷ ÷ =
u u

M1

Correct
}
,
ignore limit

|
|
.
|

\
|
÷ ÷ ÷ = 0
3
) 5 ( 10
5
) 5 ( 2
3 5

5
3
20
= unit
2
A1 5

y
2
x
−3
3 2 ÷
x
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷
÷
9
15 10
,
3
4

0
R
y=f(x)
9
RESTRICTED
TLL RESTRICTED
8
) 2 )( 2 (
1
4
1
2
x x
x
x
x
y
+ ÷
+
=
÷
+
= ; Also,
1
1 1
2
4
2
÷
+
=
x
x
x
y

Asymptotes: 0 , 2 , 2 = = ÷ = y x x A1
A1
Any 2
All
Intersection points on axes:
4
1
0 4
1 0
0
2
=
÷
+
= ¬ = y x |
.
|

\
|

4
1
, 0

0 1 0 = + ¬ = x y ( ) 0 , 1 ÷ A1

0
) 4 (
) 2 )( 1 ( ) 1 )( 4 (
2 2
2
=
÷
÷ + ÷ ÷
=
x
x x x
dx
dy

0
) 4 (
4 2
2 2
2
=
÷
+ +
x
x x

) 1 ( 2
) 4 )( 1 ( 4 2 2
0 4 2
2
2
÷ ± ÷
= ¬ = + + x x x R e
Thus, no stationary point.

x ) 2 , ( ÷ ÷· ) 1 , 2 ( ÷ ÷ ) 2 , 1 (÷ ) , 2 ( ·
dx
dy

+ + + +
Shape of
curve

D1

D1

5
General
Shape

All correct

3
2
2 3
4
1
) 4 ( 1 x
x
x
x x x ÷ =
÷
+
¬ ÷ = +
Sketch
3
x y ÷ = . From above, 3 real roots.
D1

A1

2
y=−x
3
on
diagram

N-R Method Let 1 ) 4 ( ) (
2 3
÷ ÷ ÷ = x x x x f

y
x
2 −1 −2 1
−1
x
0
x
1/4
y=−x
3
y=f(x)

10
RESTRICTED
TLL RESTRICTED

1 ) 3 ( 4 5 ) ( '
2 4
÷ ÷ = ¬ x x x f
M1

Given ¬ = 2
0
x 3 1 ) 2 ( ) 4 2 )( 2 ( ) 2 (
2 3
÷ = ÷ ÷ ÷ = f

31 1 ) ) 2 ( 3 ( 4 ) 2 ( 5 ) 2 ( '
2 4
= ÷ ÷ = f

09677 . 2
31
3
2
1
=
÷
÷ = x
M1
A1

Similarly, 08376 . 2
) 09677 . 2 ( '
) 09677 . 2 (
09677 . 2
2
= ÷ =
f
f
x

08349 . 2
) 08376 . 2 ( '
) 08376 . 2 (
08376 . 2
3
= ÷ =
f
f
x

08349 . 2
) 08349 . 2 ( '
) 08349 . 2 (
08349 . 2
4
= ÷ =
f
f
x
M1 Any 2

Thus, 0835 . 2 ~ x (4 d.p.)
A1 5

Iterative Method
3
2 2 3
1
4 ) 4 ( 1
x
x
x x x x
+
+ = ¬ ÷ = +

3
1
4
x
x
x
+
+ = ¬
B1

Given 2
0
= x
3
1
) 2 (
1 ) 2 (
4
+
+ = ¬ x
M1
= 2.0917 (4 d.p.) A1 3