2 at the
point (3, 4). [6 marks]
3 Given that sin = , show that
=
1
1
2
.
Hence, show that
1
=
1
+1
2
+ . [6 marks]
4 Show that
1
) 1 (
2
x
x
e
dx
x x
x
2
. [4 marks]
Hence, find the particular solution of the differential equation
x
y
d
d
+
y
x x
x
) 1 (
2
) 1 (
1
x x
2
which satisfies the boundary condition =
3
4
when = 2 . [4 marks]
5 If
2
= 1 + , show that 2
2
+2 (
)
2
+
2
1 = 0 . [3 marks]
Deduce an equation which has the term in
3
. Hence, obtain the expansion of 1 + in ascending
powers of up to the term in
3
. [7 marks]
6 Use the trapezium rule with subdivisions at = 3 and = 5 to obtain an approximation to
3
1+
4
7
1
,
giving your answer correct to three places of decimals. [4 marks]
By evaluating the integral exactly, show that the error of the approximation is about 4.1%.
[4 marks]
2
Section B [15 marks]
Answer any ONE question in this section.
7 Find the coordinates of the stationary point on the curve =
2
+
1
. [4 marks]
Sketch the curve =
2
+
1
. [2 marks]
Hence sketch the curve
2
=
2
+
1
() = 6
lim
3
+
() = 6
(3) = 6
lim
3
() = lim
3
+
()
lim
3
() = 6 = (3)
is continuous at = 3
B1
B1
B1
A1
M1
M1
A1
2
x = 1  2t y =  2 +
2
=  2
= 
2
2
M1
At least one correct
differentiation.
=
1
2
A1
At point A(3,  4), t = 1 B1
Equation of the normal is y = ( t
2
)(x) + c M1 or other relevant formulae
 4 = ( 1)(3) + c B1 Correct gradient = 1
4
equation is y =  x  1 A1 or equivalent
3
cos
= 1
=
1
=
1
1
2
=
1
1
2
Therefore y =
1
M1
M1
M1
A1
M1
=
1
1
2
1
=
1
1
1
2
M1 M1
=
1
+1
2
+
c
A1
A1
M1M1
A1
4
Let
2
(1)
1
x  2 A (x 1) + Bx
By subs. x = 1, 1 = B B =  1
By subs. x = 0,  2 =  A A = 2
2
(1)
2

1
1
B1
2
(1)
= (
2
1
1
) dx
5
= 2 ln ln ( 1) M1
=
2
1
x
x x
x
e
d
1
2
) (
=
2
1
=
1 x
x
2
.
M1
A1
By multiplying the integrating factor,
x
y
d
d
+ y
x x
x
) ( 1
2
=
) ( 1
1
x x
2
2
(1)
2
( 1)
(2)
( 1)
=
2
( 1)
(
1
2
( 1)
)
2
( 1)
) = 
1
( 1)
2
M1
(
2
( 1)
) = 
1
( 1)
2
=
1
1
+ c
A1
By subst. y =
4
3
when x = 2,
4
(1)
3
4
=
1
1
+ c c = 2
M1
the particular solution is y = [
1
1
+ 2]
( 1)
2
y =
(2 1)
2
A1
6
5
2
= 1 +
2
= cos
2(
)
2
+2
2
= sin = 1
2
2(
)
2
+2
2
+
2
1 = 0 (shown)
Hence,
4(
2
+2
2
+2
3
+2
= 0
6
2
+2
3
+2
= 0
3
= 3
3
=
(3
2
+)
3
=
1
(3
2
+)
= 0
= 1 +sin ; (0) = 1
=
cos
2
; (0) =
=
1
2
2(
)
2
+2
2
1 +
2
= 0 ; "(0) =
2
=
1
4
3
=
1
(3
2
+) ; (0) =
3
=
1
8
= () = 1 +sin = (0) +
(0) +
(0)
2!
2
+
(0)
3!
3
+
= 1 +sin = 1 +
1
2
1
8
2
1
48
3
+
M1
M1
A1
M1
M1
A1
B1
B1
B1
A1
both diff correct
one pair u .v diff
both pair u .v diff
6
B1 May be implied in
calculation
Let y =
3
1+
4
By using
1
2
[
0
+ 2(
1
+
2
+ +
1
) +
],
3
1+
4
7
1
1
2
(2) [
1
1+ 1
+ 2(
27
1+ 81
+
125
1+ 625
) +
343
1+ 2401
]
M1A1
All relevant values must
be shown inside
formula
1.701 (3 dec. pl.) A1
3
1+
4
7
1
=
1
4
4
3
1+
4
7
1
=
1
4
[ln(1 +
4
)]
1
7
M1
=
1
4
[ln(1 + 7
4
) ln2]
1.773 (3 dec. pl.) A1

7

3

1

5
x
h =
71
3
= 2
7
error of the approximation =
1.7731.701
1.773
100 %
M1
= 4.061 % 4.1 % A1
7.
x
x y
1
2
2
1
2
x
x
dx
dy
For stationary point,
0
1
2
2
x
x
0 1 2
3
x
x = 0.7937
y = 1.8899 Stationary point = (0.79 , 1.89)
3 2
2
2
2
x dx
y d
3
7937 . 0
2
2
) 7937 . 0 (
2
2
x
dx
y d
= 6> 0
(0.79 , 1.89) is a minimum point.
For point of inflexion,
0
2
2
3
x
0 2 2
3
x
1 ) 1 (
3
1
x
0 6
) 1 (
6 6
4 4 3
3
x dx
y d
OR
B1
M1
A1
M1
A1
A1
M1
A1
M1
8
2
1 0.5
Sign of
2
2
dx
y d
+
CU
0 
CD
(1, 0) is a point of inflexion.
A1
F1
F1
F1
F1
F1
correctly shape
all the points are correct
correctly shape
symmetrical
All points correct.
8.
B1
B1
B1
=
1
= ln
Show of intersection point
=
1
2
> 0 ;
> 0 > 0
1
> 0 &
2
> 0
1
2
> 0
+1 = 0 ;
> 0
(1) = ln1 +1 = 1 < 0 ;
1.89
1.89
(0.79, 1.89)
(1, 0)
9
(2) = ln2
2
+1 > 0
> & < ( +)
Range of values of k < < ( +)
M1
M1
A1
= , () =
+1
() =
1
2
M1
= . ,
1
= 1.5
1.5
2
1.5
+1
1
1.5
+
2
1.5
2
1
= 1.45363 1.453
M1
A1
2
= 1.45363
(1.45363)
(1.45363)
2
= 1.45473 1.455
A1
3
= 1.45473
(1.45473)
(1.45473)
3
= 1.45473 1.455
A1
= 1.455 (3 . . ) A1