ZENITH

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research
Vol.1 Issue 7, November 2011, ISSN 2231 5780


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A STUDY ON STRESS MANAGEMENT OF WORKING WOMEN IN
COIMBATORE DISTRICT

DR. M. DHANABHAKYAM*; V. ANITHA**

*Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce,
Bharathiar University, Coimbatore - 46.
**Ph.D Fulltime Scholar, Department of Commerce,
Bharathiar University, Coimbatore - 46.

ABSTRACT
Stress is the psychological and physiological reaction that takes place when one perceives an
imbalance in the level of demand placed on the capacity to meet that demand on individuals. The
following objectives of the study are (i) To study the kind and level of stress faced by working
women in the study area (ii) To identify the sources of stress of working women (iii) To identify
the impact of stress of working women (iv) To identify the physical reactions faced by the
working women due to high level of stress. This study falls under descriptive research and hence
descriptive research design was followed. The data collected from the primary sources. Non
probability convenience sampling techniques was used to select a sample of 300 working women
among the working women of Coimbatore District. The following tools were employed to
analyse the data like (a) Percentage Analysis (b) Henry Garrett Ranking (c) Two way table
ANOVA. Finally this study concluded that the information technology supported and fast
growing work environment, stress is an inevitable one. Working women population has also in
the growth stage. Working women face stress in managing their personal life with work life.

KEYWORDS: Organization, Environment, Distress, Working women, Stress, Impact, Cause,
Experience, Education, Age.
______________________________________________________________________________
INTRODUCTION
Stress is an inevitable concomitant of organizational life. It source in an organization is task or
role related. An organization being a network of roles performed in interconnected positions is
dynamic in nature. The complex and dynamic environment in which organizations have to exist
adapt themselves and grow, add to further stress at work. These environment forces include rapid
technological advancements, their adaptations in organizations pf consequent changes, in the
nature of jobs, the demands made on employee skills, increased employee expectations about the
quality of work- life and in congruence perceived organizational outcomes or benefit, changes in
organizations in terms of down sizing, mergers, expansions, closures, etc. affecting employment
security, social relations at work and upward mobility.
Stress is the psychological and physiological reaction that takes place when one perceives
an imbalance in the level of demand placed on the capacity to meet that demand on individuals.

ZENITH
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research
Vol.1 Issue 7, November 2011, ISSN 2231 5780


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OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
To study the kind and level of stress faced by working women in the study area
To identify the sources of stress of working women
To identify the impact of stress of working women
To identify the physical reactions faced by the working women due to high level of stress
METHODOLOGY
Research methodology is a study of systematically solving the problem. The validity of
any research is based on the systematic method of formulating the objectives, data collection,
analysis and interpretation.
RESEARCH DESIGN
This study falls under descriptive research and hence descriptive research design was
followed.
METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION
The present study is based on primary data. Questionnaire was the main tool for collecting
the primary data. The questionnaire was designed in a systematic way of covering adequate and
relevant almost all aspects of the study. The data collected from the primary sources were
arranged sequentially and tabulated in a systematic manner. Secondary data required for the
study was collected from books, magazines, journals, newspapers, past research, reports and
various websites.
SAMPLING METHOD
Non probability convenience sampling techniques was used to select a sample of 300
working women among the working women of Coimbatore District.
TOOLS FOR ANALYSIS
The following tools were employed to analyse the data with reference to the selected
objectives of the study.
Simple Percentage
Average Range
Standard Deviation
Two way table ANOVA
Henry Garrett Ranking

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International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research
Vol.1 Issue 7, November 2011, ISSN 2231 5780


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DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
(I) ANOVA ANALYIS
AGE AND LEVEL OF STRESS
Age is a crucial factor in determining the level of stress experience by people. For the
purpose of the study, age was classified into the following categories viz., Up to 25 years, 26-30
years, 31-35 years, 36-40 years and above 40 years. The sample consists of 92 (30.7%)
respondents in the first category, 78 (26.0%) in the second category, 44(14.7%) in the third
category, 46 (15.3%) and 40 (13.3%) in the fourth and fifth category. The distribution of the
sample respondents according to their age and level of stress is shown in the following table.
TABLE NO-1
AGE AND LEVEL OF STRESS
S.No Age No of Respondents Percentage Average Range SD
Min

Max


1 Up to 25
years
92 30.7 35.0 28.0 43.0 3.4
2 26-30 years 78 26.0 35.6 28.0 42.0 3.3
3 31-35 years 44 14.7 37.0 31.0 42.0 2.7
4 36-40 years 46 15.3 36.9 32.0 42.0 3.0
5 Above 40
years
40 13.3 36.8 30.0 42.0 3.4
Total 300 100.00

It was observed from the above table, the respondents below 25 years of age experience
high stress with an average of 35.0 and ranged from 28 and 43, followed by the respondents in
the age group of 26-30 years with an average of 35.6 and ranged between 28 and 42. The
respondents in the age group of 31-35 years with an average of 37.0 and ranged between 31 and
42. The respondents in between the average group of 36-41 years with an average of 36.9 and
ranged between 32 and 42. On the other hand, the respondents of above 40 years aged have
resulted with an average of 36.8 and ranged between 30 and 42. Thus it was concluded that
respondents below 25 years of age experience high level of stress.
AGE AND LEVEL OF STRESS (ANOVA)
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International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research
Vol.1 Issue 7, November 2011, ISSN 2231 5780


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In order to find the significant difference between the age of the respondents and their
level of stress, an ANOVA test was used and the result of the test was shown in the following
table.
TABLE NO-2
AGE AND LEVEL OF STRESS (ANOVA)
Source SS DF MS F value LOS
Between Groups 24.383 2 12.192



6.398

Significant @
5% level
Within Groups 565.963 297 1.906
Total 590.347 299

From this analysis it is identified that there is a significant relationship between the age and
level of stress.
EDUCATION AND LEVEL OF STRESS
TABLE NO-3
EDUCATIONAL LEVEL AND LEVEL OF STRESS
S.No Educational
level
No of
Respondents
Percentage Average Range SD
Min

Max


1 Up to school
level
55 18.3 36.7 28.0 43.0 3.0
2 Degree/
Diploma
107 35.7 36.0 28.0 42.0 3.1
3 Professional 92 30.7 35.4 28.0 42.0 3.5
4 Others 46 15.3 36.0 29.0 42.0 3.6
Total 300 100.00
From the analysis it was concluded that school level category of respondents had
experience maximum level of stress.
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International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research
Vol.1 Issue 7, November 2011, ISSN 2231 5780


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EDUCATION AND LEVEL OF STRESS (ANOVA)
TABLE NO-4
EDUCATION AND LEVEL OF STRESS (ANOVA)
Source SS DF MS F value LOS
Between Groups 7.933 2 3.966
4.402

Significant @
5% level
Within Groups 267.597 297 0.901
Total 275.530 299

It is observed from the above table that the calculated F value is greater the table value and
the result are significant at 5% level. Hence the null hypothesis “There is no significant impact
between the educational level and level of stress exist” does not hold good.
From this analysis it is identified that there is a significant impact between the educational
level and level of stress exist.
TABLE NO-5
EXPERIENCE AND LEVEL OF STRESS (TWO WAY TABLE)
S.No Experience Level of Stress Total
Low Medium High
1 1 year and below 28
(32.6)
26
(30.2)
32
(37.2)
86
2 2-5 years 31
(26.7)
49
(42.2)
36
(31.0)
116
3 Above 5 years 14
(14.3)
45
(45.9)
39
(31.0)
98
Total 73 120 107 300
TABLE NO-6
EXPERIENCE AND LEVEL OF STRESS (ANOVA)
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International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research
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Source SS DF MS F value LOS
Between Groups 5.671 2 2.836
4.735

Significant @
5% level
Within Groups 177.849 297 0.599
Total 183.520 299

Table 6 identified that there is a close significant relationship between the experience and
their stress level.
(II) PERCENTAGE ANALYSIS
TABLE NO-7
IMPACT/ CAUSES OF DISTRESS ON PERSONAL HEALTH
S.No Causes/ Disease No of Respondents Percentage
1 Head-ache 193 64.3
2 Stomach pain 62 20.7
3 Body pain 152 50.7
4 Ulcer 94 31.3
5 Hair fall 100 33.3
6 Skin problem 76 25.3
7 Nervousness 55 18.3
8 Tension 179 59.7

It is inferred that the major causes of stress are headache, tension and body pain.



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International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research
Vol.1 Issue 7, November 2011, ISSN 2231 5780


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III. HENRY GARRETT RANKING TECHNIQUE
TABLE NO-8
RANKING THE CAUSES/ IMPACT OF DISTRESS
S.No Causes Total Score Mean Score Rank
1 Personal problems 15076 503 II
2 Family problems 14145 47.2 III
3 Job and organizational
problems
15171 50.6 I

It is found from the above table that, job and organization problems were the major causes
of distress and the same was ranked in the first position with a total score of 15171 points.
Personal problems and family problem were ranked second and third with 15076 and 14145
points respectively.
TABLE NO-9
MOST AFFECTED PERSON DUE TO DISTRESS
S.No Factors Total Score Mean Score Rank
1 Children 22796 76.0 I
2 Spouse 10227 34.1 IV
3 Friends and Relatives 14441 48.1 VI
4 Parents 9394 31.3 VII
5 Other family members 11454 38.2 V
6 Subordinates/ Supervisors 17090 57.0 III
7 Co-worker 19472 64.9 II

It is inferred that the children were the most affected reason due to distress of their working
mother’s and the some was ranked first with a mean score of 76.0.
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International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research
Vol.1 Issue 7, November 2011, ISSN 2231 5780


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SUGGESTIONS
The study reveals that young age working women are highly stressful than the middle and
aged women. This shows that age and stress are related.
The young aged working women can avoid or reduce stress by sharing their problem with
their supervisors, spouse, family member and doctors.
CONCLUSION
In the information technology supported and fast growing work environment, stress is an
inevitable one. Working women population has also in the growth stage. Working women face
stress in managing their personal life with work life.
The present study title “A study on Stress Management of working women in Coimbatore
District” was conducted with 300 respondents working in various jobs level. The main findings
of the study show that all the respondents have distress due to personal and organizational
sources. Managing the daily home activities, child care and looking after the family members are
the major factors which cause distress among the working women.
Organizational factors of distress are developmental opportunity provided by the
management, recognition for hard work and availability of transportation facility.
BIBILIOGRAPHY
BOOKS
Beehr. TA (1995), Psychological Stress in the work, Roultedge, London.
Sharma. R (2000), “ Stress Disorders including Anxiety and Headache”,Memoj
PUBLICATIONS MAGAZINES
Ahmad, S. James, J and Atimad. S (1991), “Organizational Role Stress, A Psychological
Study of middle management”, Journal of Personality and Clinical Studies, Vol.7, No.1,
PP. 42-48.
Anitha Devi (2006) “Occupational Stress: A Comparative Study of Women in Different
Occupations” Prajhan, Vol.XXXV, No.1, June, PP. 61-74.
Prabhu (2005) “Occupational Stress”, HRD Times, July, Vol 7, No.7, PP. 35-36.
Srivastar AK (2005), “Role Stress across Management Levels in an Organization”, The
ICFAI Journal of Organizational Behavior. Vol. IV, No.1, January, PP. 53-63.

WEBSITES
http://www.ced.gov/nooslt/stressic.html
http://www.workhealth.org
http://www.stress.org.uk
http://www.managingstress.com