Best Of Russia ~ 4

Palaces,

Cathedrals

& Churches
St Basils Cathedral
Red Square, Moscow, Russia
Russia's most famous architectural creation, St. Basil's
Cathedral in Red Square, rises with its multi-colored
onion domes near the Moscow River.

This small but charming Cathedral was
built in the 17
th
century on the north
side of the square near the
Resurrection Gate. It was built to
commemorate the repulsion of Polish
invaders, and in honor of the Virgin of
Kazan icon.
Great Kremlin Palace, Moscow, Russia

commissioned by Czar Nicholas I in 1837 and built over a 12-year period to replace a
dilapidated palace that had been on the same site. Living quarters were on the first
floor. It is used today for official diplomatic and government receptions.






The Terem Palace is yet another palace among the three extravagant structures inside
the Kremlin walls, but it was the first to be built. This was the residence of the Czars
until the Imperial Court relocated to St. Petersburg in 1712. This palace is barely
visible from inside the Kremlin walls, and is currently inaccessible to tourists.
Terem Palace, Kremlin,

Moscow, Russia

The Alexander Palace
St Basils Cathedral
Red Square, Moscow, Russia


Here is another view of this
marvelous church. More
accurately called the
Cathedral of the
Intercession, it was built in
the 1550s with a series of
adjoining chapels to
commemorate Ivan the
Terrible’s capture of the
Mongol stronghold of Kazan.

The popular name of St.
Basil's derives from
veneration of the prophet of
that same name who
foretold the Moscow fire of
1547.
The view is 'inspiring' from the St.
Basil's side of Red Square.
Kremlin towers rise on the left,
along the Kremlin wall, and the
Russian Revival architecture of the
Russian History Museum
(center)and Resurrection Gate
(right) complete the scene.
Red Square View
Red Square, Moscow, Russia
The Winter Palace
Winter Palace, main staircase
The Catherine Palace
Cameo Room Catherine's Palace
St. Petersburg, Russia

This is a glorious room design, built around the cameo relief images on the wall
Banquet Room Catherine's Palace
St. Petersburg, Russia
Paintings of wild game cover the wall, and the table is set for the Czarina's banquet.
Ball Room, Catherine Palace
Peterhof Palace Fountains
Peterhof, Russia

This is the "backyard" of the Peterhof palace on the Baltic's Gulf of Finland. If your backyard does not look like
this, you need to do some extra landscaping work, just as Peter the Great did, along with his dozens of
gardeners.

Peter was inspired to build Peterhof by his visit to the royal palace and gardens of Versailles, France. It seems
that Peter was not outdone by the French monarchs. Peterhof is as splendid and opulent as any palace on
earth.
Dressing Room
Peterhof
St. Petersburg, Russia
In the darkened living
spaces of the Hermitage
(which was the Winter
Palace of the Czars in St.
Petersburg before and
after it became a
museum), reveals the
opulent lifestyle of the
Royal family.
Banquet Room 2 Peterhof
Peterhof, Russia
Yes, this is yet another banquet room, with a
doorway to another chamber beyond. This one is
decorated in a classic style, with a blazing
chandelier and painted ceiling border over a parquet
floor. Another commonplace touch throughout
Peterhof is a painted porcelain fireplace to take the
chill off of those -60 degrees below Fahrenheit
Winter nights. The Baltic does not always moderate
the weather in this far northern climate.
Game Room
Peterhof, Russia
This room in Peterhof is decorated as a game room, with the grooved table in the
center to hold captured chess pieces.




Kizhi Wooden Churches
Kizhi, Russia







Two adjoining churches
on Kizhi Island are
superimposed in this shot.
The one that was constructed
entirely of wood,
but without nails,
is in the right rear
of the image.
Kizhi Church Sky Blend
Kizhi Island, Russia


This is the famous Church of the
Intercession constructed entirely
without nails, and before the
invention of super glue.

…..a perfect marriage of sky and
church…………….
Church of Spilled Blood
St. Petersburg, Russia


Czar Nicolas I was assassinated on
the site of this church, which was built
to commemorate his life. Nicolas I
was one of the few Czars who was
reform-minded and even interested in
creating a constitutional monarchy.
His untimely death may have delayed
meaningful reforms for nearly 100
years, through the years of anarchy
and protest, through the October
1917 revolution and two disastrous
world wars, and finally decades of
oppression and economic malaise
under communist rule, to the time the
Soviet Union finally collapsed. In the
most recent elections, the communist
party garnered only 13% of the votes.
Neither forgotten, nor gone.
Little Chapel Kizhi Island
Kizhi Island, Russia



This rustic little wooden chapel is on the far side of
the island from the more famous wooden churches.
Dmitry on the Blood
Uglich, Russia
Alas, poor Dmitry, beloved youngest son of Ivan the Terrible, had to die on
this spot at age 9 in the 16th Century. Boris Godunov, in his failed attempt
to seize power, had Dmitry killed. But a church erected in Dmitry's honor has
been here at Uglich ever since. Ivan the Terrible used Ugligh as his base of
operations in his battles against the Golden Horde. Dmitry's death ushered in
the Romanov dynasty, which was to rule Russia until 1917.
Sts. Peter & Paul
Cathedral
St. Petersburg, Russia
Constructed on Zayachy Island in
the Neva River between 1712-
1733 within a compound for the
Czars, this cathedral was within
the Peter and Paul Fortress.
Assumption cathedral. It is not known when the present building was erected, mid-16th century
being the most likely date. Lower parts of the cathedral walls are dated to the 12th century. The
ponderous bell-tower was constructed mostly in the 17th century. Its bells are among the
largest and most famous in Russia; each has its own name. The largest bell, cast in 1688, weighs
some 32000 kilograms. It is named Sysoi to honour the metropolitan's father.
Smolny Cathedral,
Saint-Petersburg
Built in mid-18th century, this
cathedral is one of the most beautiful
landmarks in Saint-Petersburg.
Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli (a
Russian architect of Italian origin)
wanted to combine baroque style with
typical Russian "onion" domes.
Shrine to Nicholas II
Classic Siberian cottage
The Alexander Nevsky cathedral is a Russian
Orthodox cathedral built in 1900.
Trinity