RECOMMENDED PRACTICE

DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
The electronic pdf version of this document found through http://www.dnv.com is the officially binding version
DNV-RP-J203
Geological Storage of Caro! Dio"i#e
APRI$ 20%2
This document has been amended since the main revision (April 2012! most recently in "uly 201#.
$ee %&hanges' on page #.
& Det Nor'(e Verita' AS A)ril 20%2
A!* co++e!t' +a* e 'e!t * e-+ail to rules(dnv.com
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FOREWORD
DNV i' a gloal )ro,i#er of (!o-le#ge for +a!agi!g ri'(. To#a*/ 'afe a!# re')o!'ile 0'i!e'' co!#0ct i' ot1 a lice!'e
to o)erate a!# a co+)etiti,e a#,a!tage. O0r core co+)ete!ce i' to i#e!tif*/ a''e''/ a!# a#,i'e o! ri'( +a!age+e!t. 2ro+
o0r lea#i!g )o'itio! i! certificatio!/ cla''ificatio!/ ,erificatio!/ a!# trai!i!g/ -e #e,elo) a!# a))l* 'ta!#ar#' a!# e't
)ractice'. T1i' 1el)' o0r c0'to+er' 'afel* a!# re')o!'il* i+)ro,e t1eir 0'i!e'' )erfor+a!ce. DNV i' a! i!#e)e!#e!t
orga!i'atio! -it1 #e#icate# ri'( )rofe''io!al' i! +ore t1a! %00 co0!trie'/ -it1 t1e )0r)o'e of 'afeg0ar#i!g life/ )ro)ert*
a!# t1e e!,iro!+e!t.
DNV 'er,ice #oc0+e!t' co!'i't of a+o!g ot1er' t1e follo-i!g t*)e' of #oc0+e!t'3
4 $ervice $pecifications. Proce#0ral re50ire+e!t'.
4 $tandards. Tec1!ical re50ire+e!t'.
4 )ecommended *ractices. G0i#a!ce.
T1e Sta!#ar#' a!# Reco++e!#e# Practice' are offere# -it1i! t1e follo-i!g area'3
A6 70alificatio!/ 70alit* a!# Safet* Met1o#olog*
86 Material' Tec1!olog*
C6 Str0ct0re'
D6 S*'te+'
E6 S)ecial 2acilitie'
26 Pi)eli!e' a!# Ri'er'
G6 A''et O)eratio!
96 Mari!e O)eratio!'
J6 Clea!er E!erg*
O6 S0'ea S*'te+'
:6 :!co!,e!tio!al Oil ; Ga'
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
)hanges * 'age %
CHANGES – CURRENT
General
T1i' i' a !e- #oc0+e!t.
Amendment July 2013
4 A! e#itorial correctio! 1a' ee! +a#e i! t1e fir't ro- of Tale <-%.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
)ontents * 'age +
CONTENTS
C9ANGES = C:RRENT .................................................................................................................................. 3
1 !re"a#e $
2 %ntr&du#t'&n $
2.% Ge!eral ......................................................................................................................................................<
2.2 O>ecti,e...................................................................................................................................................<
2.3 A))roac1...................................................................................................................................................<
2.? Sco)e.........................................................................................................................................................<
2.< :'er' .........................................................................................................................................................@
2.@ Relatio!'1i) to ot1er co#e'.......................................................................................................................@
2.A Str0ct0re of t1i' #oc0+e!t ........................................................................................................................A
3 De"'n't'&n( and a))re*'at'&n( +
3.% Defi!itio!'.................................................................................................................................................B
3.2 Are,iatio!'..........................................................................................................................................%2
3.3 Veral 2or+' ..........................................................................................................................................%2
, St&ra-e S'te S#reen'n- and A..ra'(al 13
?.% I!tro#0ctio!.............................................................................................................................................%3
?.2 Scree!i!g.................................................................................................................................................%3
?.3 A))rai'al ................................................................................................................................................%A
$ !erm'tt'n- 2/
<.% I!tro#0ctio!.............................................................................................................................................2@
<.2 Per+it co!te"t a!# re50ire+e!t' CSte) %/ 2ig0re <-%6............................................................................2@
<.3 Ri'( )erfor+a!ce target' CSte) 2/ 2ig0re <-%6........................................................................................2A
<.? Storage Per+it a))licatio! CSte) 3/ 2ig0re <-%6 .....................................................................................2A
<.< Clo'0re Per+it a))licatio! Calter!ati,e Ste) 3/ 2ig0re <-%6 ...................................................................32
<.@ E,al0ate co+)lete!e'' CSte) ?/ 2ig0re <-%6 ...........................................................................................3?
<.A S0+it a))licatio! CSte) </ 2ig0re <-%6..................................................................................................3?
/ R'(0 mana-ement 3$
@.% I!tro#0ctio!.............................................................................................................................................3<
@.2 Ri'( +a!age+e!t co!te"t .......................................................................................................................3<
@.3 Ri'( A''e''+e!t .....................................................................................................................................3A
@.? Ri'( treat+e!t .........................................................................................................................................3D
@.< Ri'( +a!age+e!t re,ie- a!# #oc0+e!tatio! ........................................................................................?0
1 Well 2ual'"'#at'&n ,1
A.% I!tro#0ctio!.............................................................................................................................................?%
A.2 Set re50ire+e!t' i! 50alificatio! a'i' ...................................................................................................?2
A.3 Ri'( a''e''+e!t for -ell 50alificatio!....................................................................................................?3
A.? Pla! -ell 50alificatio! ; 'elect 50alificatio! acti,itie' .........................................................................?<
A.< E,al0ate li(eli1oo# of '0cce'' ................................................................................................................?@
A.@ E,al0ate !ee# for +o#ificatio!' .............................................................................................................?A
A.A :)#ate 50alificatio! a'i'.......................................................................................................................?A
A.B I!itial Eell 70alificatio! Re)ort ............................................................................................................?A
A.D E"ec0te -ell 50alificatio! acti,itie' .......................................................................................................?A
A.%0 Perfor+a!ce A''e''+e!t ........................................................................................................................?B
A.%% Re50ire+e!t' +etF..................................................................................................................................?B
A.%2 2i!al Eell 70alificatio! Re)ort..............................................................................................................?B
A..end'3 A Su)(ur"a#e Data ,4
A..end'3 5 Gener'# "a'lure m&de( "&r 6ell 'nte-r'ty
under e3.&(ure t& Car)&n D'&3'de $,
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.$ 'reface * 'age -
1 !re"a#e
T1e +ai! o>ecti,e of t1i' Reco++e!#e# Practice CRP6 i' to )ro,i#e a '*'te+atic a))roac1 to t1e 'electio!/
50alificatio! a!# +a!age+e!t of geological 'torage 'ite' for caro! #io"i#e CCO
2
6. T1i' RP ')ecifie' -1at/ i!
DNVG' o)i!io!/ i' t1e e't i!#0'tr* )ractice for t1at )0r)o'e.
T1i' RP +a* e 0'e# a' a a'i' for ,erificatio! a!# i' co!'i#ere# a))licale -orl#-i#e.
2 %ntr&du#t'&n
21 General
T1ere i' gro-i!g co!'e!'0' t1at gloal -ar+i!g a!# cli+ate c1a!ge are t1e a!t1ro)oge!ic re'0lt' of
gree!1o0'e ga' e+i''io!' fro+ t1e co+0'tio! of fo''il f0el'/ '0c1 a' !at0ral ga'/ oil a!# coal. T1e -orl#H'
)o)0latio! i' 'tea#il* gro-i!g/ a' are it' e!erg* !ee#'. It i' e")ecte# t1at a 'ig!ifica!t )art of t1e -orl#H' f0t0re
!ee# for electrical e!erg* a!# 1eat -ill co+e fro+ 0r!i!g of fo''il f0el'/ i+)l*i!g i!crea'e# CO
2
e+i''io!'
to t1e at+o')1ere.
Caro! Ca)t0re a!# Storage CCCS6 offer' a! o))ort0!it* to +itigate gloal -ar+i!g a!# a''ociate# !egati,e
i+)act' * ca)t0ri!g a!# 'tori!g CO
2
t1at -o0l# ot1er-i'e e e+itte# to t1e at+o')1ere. CCS refer' to t1e
)roce'' of ca)t0ri!g CO
2
fro+ large )oi!t 'o0rce'/ '0c1 a' fo''il f0el )o-er )la!t'/ ce+e!t factorie'/ oil
refi!erie'/ or iro! a!# 'teel +ill'/ a!# i!>ecti!g a!# i'olati!g t1e ca)t0re# CO
2
i! #ee) geological for+atio!'.
2or CCS to e effecti,e t1e geological for+atio!' i!to -1ic1 CO
2
i' i!>ecte# +0't e caref0ll* 'electe# a!#
50alifie# to e!'0re t1at t1e* ca! )ro,i#e lo!g-ter+ co!tai!+e!t of i!>ecte# CO
2
'trea+'.
22 O)7e#t'*e
T1i' RP )ro,i#e' 0'er' -it1 '*'te+atic )roce#0re' a!# )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' for a''e''i!g a!# ,erif*i!g
t1e '0itailit* of 'torage 'ite' a!# )ro>ect' for e!,iro!+e!tall* 'afe/ lo!g-ter+ geological 'torage of i!>ecte#
CO
2
'trea+'. T1i' i!cl0#e' a''e''+e!t a!# ,erificatio! of +o!itori!g a!# ri'( +a!age+e!t )la!' tailore# to
t1e c1aracteri'tic' of eac1 'torage 'ite.
23 A..r&a#8
T1i' RP a))lie' t1e )ri!ci)le' of Tec1!olog* 70alificatio! gi,e! i! DNV-RP-A203 to +a!agi!g t1e tec1!ical
ri'(' relate# to CO
2
geological 'torage. Tec1!olog* 70alificatio! i' a +et1o#olog* #e,elo)e# * DNV for
re#0ci!g t1e ri'( a!# 0!certai!t* a''ociate# -it1 i+)le+e!tatio! of !e- tec1!olog*. T1e follo-i!g )ri!ci)le'
'1all co!trol t1e 50alificatio! )roce''3
4 ')ecificatio!' a!# )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' '1all e clearl* #efi!e#/ 50a!tifie# a!# #oc0+e!te#
4 a 50alificatio! )la! '1all e #e,elo)e# to e,al0ate f0lfil+e!t of t1e ')ecifie# re50ire+e!t'
4 t1reat' to t1e )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' '1all e i#e!tifie#
4 tailore# t1reat i#e!tificatio! '1o0l# e carrie# o0t for !o,el ele+e!t' -1ere t1e 0!certai!t* i' +o't
'ig!ifica!t
4 t1e rele,a!ce of i!#i,i#0al t1reat' '1all e #eter+i!e# a'e# o! t1eir ri'(
4 ri'( a''e''+e!t' '1all e e"ec0te# a!# #oc0+e!te# i! a tra!')are!t a!# traceale -a*
4 ri'( a''e''+e!t' '1all e 0'e# to e,al0ate t1e a))ro)riate!e'' of re50ire+e!t' a!# to g0i#e #eci'io! +a(i!g
4 t1e 50alificatio! )roce'' a!# t1e e,al0atio! of f0lfil+e!t of )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' '1all e
#oc0+e!te#.
2, S#&.e
2,1 General
T1i' RP #efi!e' )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' a!# )roce#0re' for t1e follo-i!g3
4 t1e 'electio! a!# 50alificatio! of geological 'torage 'ite' for lo!g-ter+ 'torage of CO
2
4 t1e #oc0+e!tatio! of 'torage 'ite c1aracteriIatio! a!# 'torage 'ite #e,elo)+e!t )la!' a' a a'i' for )er+it
a))licatio!'Jre,ie-'
4 ri'( +a!age+e!t t1ro0g1o0t life c*cle of CO
2
geological 'torage )ro>ect'/ fro+ i!itial 'cree!i!g a!#
'torage 'ite 'electio! t1ro0g1 to 'torage 'ite clo'0re a!# )re)aratio! for )o't-clo'0re 'te-ar#'1i)
4 +o!itori!g a!# 'torage )erfor+a!ce ,erificatio!
4 -ell a''e''+e!t a!# +a!age+e!t )la!!i!g
4 'torage 'ite clo'0re a!# )re)aratio! for )o't-clo'0re 'te-ar#'1i).
E1ere t1e ter+ &+
2
i' 0'e# i! t1e g0i#eli!e/ it a''0+e' t1at caro! #io"i#e i' )re''0riIe#K +a* or +a* !ot
co!tai! -aterK e"i't' eit1er a' a li50i#/ '0)er critical fl0i# or a ga'K a!# al'o i!cl0#e' caro! #io"i#e #i''ol,e#
i! -ater co!tai!e# i! t1e i!>ectio! Io!e.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec." .ntroduction * 'age /
2,2 9ual'"'#at'&n re2u'rement(
T1e follo-i!g 50alificatio! re50ire+e!t' are '0++ariIe# i! tale' t1ro0g1o0t t1e #oc0+e!t3
4 Tale ?-%3 Re50ire+e!t' to )ote!tial 'torage 'ite' t1at '1o0l# e i!cl0#e# i! t1e Scree!i!g 8a'i'.
4 Tale ?-33 Re50ire+e!t' to )ro')ecti,e 'torage 'ite' t1at '1all e i!cl0#e# i! t1e A))rai'al 8a'i' Ci!
a##itio! t1o'e li'te# i! Tale ?-%6.
4 Tale <-23 Re50ire+e!t' for 'torage 'ite clo'0re.
4 Tale <-33 Re50ire+e!t' for t1e Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla!.
4 Tale <-%3 Re50ire+e!t' for t1e Mo!itori!g Pla!.
2,3 E3#lu('&n(
T1i' RP #oe' !ot i!cl0#e )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' or reco++e!#e# )roce#0re' for3
4 t1e 'electio! a!# 50alificatio! of 1*#rocaro! fiel#' for e!1a!ce# reco,er* * CO
2
i!>ectio!
4 t1e ca)t0re of CO
2
a!# it' tra!')ortatio! fro+ 'o0rce to 'torage 'ite
4 +a!age+e!t of '0rface facilitie' a!# -ell o)eratio!' Ci!>ectio! -ell'/ )ro#0ctio! -ell'/ +o!itori!g -ell'6
4 acco0!ti!g of CO
2
e+i''io!' a,oi#e#
4 CO
2
i!>ectio! a!# 'torage i! 0!-+i!eale coal e#'/ a'alt for+atio!'/ '1ale'/ a!# 'alt ca,er!'
4 0!#ergro0!# 'torage i! +aterial' i!,ol,i!g t1e 0'e of a!* for+ of e!gi!eere# co!tai!er'.
2,, A..l'#at'&n
T1i' RP +a* e a))lie# a' a a'i' for ,erificatio! a!# ri'(-a'e# #eci'io! +a(i!g/ i!cl0#i!g 0t !ot li+ite# to3
4 g0i#a!ce a!# 50alit* a''0ra!ce of 'torage 'ite )la!!i!g a!# #e,elo)+e!t
4 #e+o!'tratio! of co+)lia!ce -it1 i!#0'tr* e't )ractice
4 i+)le+e!tatio! of reg0latio!'
4 i!#e)e!#e!t a''e''+e!t a!# ,erificatio!
4 'ta(e1ol#er co++0!icatio!.
T1e re50ire+e!t' i! t1i' RP '1all e '0or#i!ate to local reg0latio!'.
2$ U(er(
:'er' of t1i' RP +a* t*)icall* e3
4 a! o)erator
4 a reg0lator
4 a! i!#e)e!#e!t ,erifier
4 a! i!,e'tor or ot1er fi!a!cial 'ta(e1ol#er.
2/ Relat'&n(8'. t& &t8er #&de(
Ge!eric 50alificatio! )roce#0re' for !e- tec1!olog* are gi,e! i! DNV-RP-A203. E1ile t1e'e )roce#0re'
co,er a ge!eric a))roac1/ t1e )re'e!t #oc0+e!t #e'crie' 1o- t1e'e )ri!ci)le' '1all e a))lie# to 50alif* a!#
+a!age CO
2
geological 'torage 'ite'.
O!l* t1e 'torage co+)o!e!t of t1e CCS ,al0e c1ai! fro+ t1e i!>ectio! Io!e 0) to a!# i!cl0#i!g t1e CO
2
i!>ectio! -ell 1ea#' i' a##re''e# i! t1i' RP. Ele+e!t' of t1e ca)t0re a!# C)i)eli!e6 tra!')ort co+)o!e!t' of t1e
CCS c1ai! are gi,e! i! DNV-RP-J20% a!# DNV-RP-J202/ re')ecti,el*.
T1i' RP i!cor)orate' a!# co+i!e' t1e g0i#a!ce gi,e! i! t1e follo-i!g t-o #oc0+e!t'3
4 CO27:A$STORE = G0i#eli!e for Selectio! a!# 70alificatio! of Site' a!# Pro>ect' for CO
2
Geological
Storage of CO
2
C20%06.
4 CO2EE$$S = G0i#eli!e for t1e Ri'( Ma!age+e!t of E"i'ti!g Eell' at CO
2
Geological Storage Site'
C20%%6.
T1e'e t-o g0i#eli!e' -ere t1e fi!al #eli,erale' fro+ >oi!t i!#0'tr* )ro>ect' -1erea' t1i' RP 1a' ee!
#e,elo)e#/ a!# -ill e +ai!tai!e#/ * DNV.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec." .ntroduction * 'age 0
21 Stru#ture &" t8'( d&#ument
F'-ure 2:1
;'"e #y#le d'a-ram "&r a CO
2
-e&l&-'#al (t&ra-e .r&7e#t (8&6'n- de#'('&n -ate( <d'am&nd(= and .erm't( <(tar(= T8e
(e#t'&n( 6't8'n t8'( R! are (8&6n underneat8 t8e rele*ant l'"e #y#le (ta-e( a( -rey )ar(
T1i' #oc0+e!t i' 'tr0ct0re# aro0!# t1e ge!eric #eci'io! gate +o#el for a CO
2
'torage 'ite/ a' '1o-! i! 2ig.2-
%. T1e #eci'io! gate +o#el co,er' t1e life c*cle of a CO
2
geological 'torage )ro>ect. Deci'io! gate' 2/ ? a!# B
are #e'ig!e# to )rece#e a! o)eratorG' a))licatio! for a! e")loratio! )er+it/ 'torage )er+it a!# tra!'fer of
re')o!'iilit* )er+it/ or t1eir e50i,ale!t'.
T1i' RP co!tai!' t1e follo-i!g 'ectio!'3
4 Sectio! ?3 Storage Site Scree!i!g a!# A))rai'al
4 Sectio! <3 Per+itti!g
4 Sectio! @3 Ri'( Ma!age+e!t
4 Sectio! A3 Eell 70alificatio!.
5 6 7 4 8
Screening Design Construct Operate Close
1 2 3
.nitiate
'ro1ect
,elect
'rospective ,ites
,elect
,torage ,ite
,torage 'ermit
application
.nitiate
)onstruction
.nitiate )2"
.n1ection
3ualify for
,ite )losure
Decommision
T2&
,creening 4 ppraisal
5' * 56ploration 'ermit
,' * )2
"
,torage 'ermit
T2& * Transfer of &esponsibility
Permitting Appraisal
5' ,'
'ermitting
&isk 7anagement
8ell 3ualification
'ermitting
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.% Definitions and abbreviations * 'age 9
3 De"'n't'&n( and a))re*'at'&n(
31 De"'n't'&n(
Term ,efinition
Acco0!ti!g a!# Re)orti!g
Pla!
O!e co+)o!e!t of a Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla!. It i' a #oc0+e!t t1at #e'crie' 1o- a!
o)erator '1all acco0!t for a!# re)ort a,oi#e# e+i''io!' of CO
2
for reg0lator' a!#Jor
e+i''io!' tra#i!g 'c1e+e'. T1e co!te!t a!# 'tr0ct0re of t1e Acco0!ti!g a!# Re)orti!g )la!
i' !ot #e'crie# i! t1i' #oc0+e!t eca0'e t1i' i' e")ecte# to e )re'crie# * reg0latio!' a!#J
or re50ire+e!t' of a! e+i''io!' tra#i!g 'c1e+e.
Aci# ga' Nat0ral ga' or ga' +i"t0re -1ic1 co!tai!' 'ig!ifica!t a+o0!t' of 1*#roge! '0lfi#e C9
2
S6
a!#Jor CO
2
.
A))rai'al Co++0!icatio!
Pla!
A )la! t1at #e'crie' 1o- t1e o)erator i!te!#' to co++0!icate -it1 t1e rele,a!t 'ta(e1ol#er'
t1at i!fl0e!ce# t1e re50ire+e!t' i! t1e A))rai'al 8a'i'
A))rai'al 8a'i' A #oc0+e!t t1at #efi!e' t1e re50ire+e!t' to e f0lfille# #0ri!g t1e )ro>ect A))rai'al 'tage
i! or#er to e 50alifie# to a))l* for a Storage Per+it.
A))rai'al Pla! A #oc0+e!t t1at #e'crie' t1e 'co)e of eac1 'te) i! t1e A))rai'al 'tage a!# t1e acti,itie' to
e carrie# o0t.
A))rai'al Ri'( A''e''+e!t
Re)ort
A re)ort t1at #oc0+e!t' t1e acti,itie' 0!#erta(e! #0ri!g t1e A))rai'al 'tage ri'( a''e''+e!t.
A))rai'al 'tage T1e 'eco!# )ro>ect life c*cle 'tage i! a CO
2
geological 'torage )ro>ect.
A))rai'al Re)ort A re)ort t1at #oc0+e!t' t1e acti,itie' 0!#erta(e! #0ri!g t1e A))rai'al 'tage/ -1ic1 'torage
'ite' are 50alifie# to a))l* for a Storage Per+it a!# t1e e,i#e!ce for +a(i!g t1i' #eci'io!.
8io')1ere Real+ of li,i!g orga!i'+' i! t1e at+o')1ere/ o! t1e gro0!#/ i! t1e ocea!' a!# 'ea'/ i!
'0rface -ater'/ a!# i! t1e '0'0rface at #e)t1' ao,e -1ic1 -ater 'ali!it* i' le'' t1a! li+it'
#efi!e# for gro0!#-ater. See al'o -roundwater.
Ca)acit* Acc0+0late# +a'' of CO
2
t1at ca! e i!>ecte# i!to i!>ectio! Io!eC'6 -1ile +ai!tai!i!g
'torage i!tegrit*.
Ca)illar* e!tr* )re''0re T1e ca)illar* )re''0re at -1ic1 t1e !o!--etti!g )1a'e 'tart' to #i')lace t1e -etti!g )1a'e/
0'0all* ri!e/ co!tai!e# i! t1e large't )ore t1roat -it1i! a -ater--et for+atio!.
Caro! #io"i#e CCO
2
6 No!-)olar c1e+ical co+)o0!# co+)o'e# of t-o o"*ge! ato+' co,ale!tl* o!#e# to a 'i!gle
caro! ato+ COLCLO6.
Ce+e!t )l0g Vol0+e of ce+e!t 'l0rr* )lace# i! a -ellore -1ic1/ o!ce i! a 'oli# 'tate/ '1all f0!ctio! a'
a -ell arrier.
C1aracteriIatio! Re)ort A re)ort t1at #oc0+e!t' t1e 'torage 'ite c1aracteriIatio! acti,itie' t1at 1a,e ee! carrie# o0t/
-1ic1 'torage 'ite' re+ai! )ro')ecti,e a!# t1at t1e 'torage 'ite c1aracteriIatio! i' '0fficie!t
to '0))ort t1e 'electio! of a fi!al 'torage 'ite.
Clo'0re 'ee $torage site closure.
Clo'0re 8a'i' A #oc0+e!t t1at #efi!e' t1e re50ire+e!t' to e f0lfille# #0ri!g t1e )ro>ect Clo'0re 'tage i!
or#er to e ale to regar# a 'torage 'ite a' 50alifie# for Clo'0re.
Clo'0re Pla! O!e co+)o!e!t of a Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla!. It i' a #oc0+e!t t1at #e'crie' clo'0re
re50ire+e!t' for a gi,e! 'torage 'ite a!# t1e 50alificatio! )roce'' t1at '1all e 0'e# to
#e+o!'trate f0lfill+e!t of t1e'e re50ire+e!t'.
Clo'0re Per+it Eritte! #eci'io! i''0e# * a #e'ig!ate# reg0lator* a0t1orit* a0t1oriIi!g clo'0re of a CO
2

'torage 'ite.
Clo'0re 70alificatio!
State+e!t
O!e co+)o!e!t of a Storage Clo'0re a))licatio!. It i' a #oc0+e!t t1at i!cl0#e' a #e'cri)tio!
of t1e Clo'0re 8a'i'/ a! E!,iro!+e!tal State+e!t for 'torage 'ite clo'0re/ a Storage
Perfor+a!ce 2oreca't for 'torage 'ite clo'0re/ a Mo!itori!g Pla! for 'torage 'ite clo'0re a!#
a! 0)#ate# Clo'0re Pla!.
CO
2
Caro! #io"i#e. A' 0'e# i! t1i' RP it a''0+e' t1at caro! #io"i#e i' )re''0riIe#K +a* or +a*
!ot co!tai! -aterK e"i't' eit1er a' a li50i#/ '0)er critical fl0i# or a ga'K a!# al'o i!cl0#e'
caro! #io"i#e #i''ol,e# i! -ater co!tai!e# i! t1e re'er,oir.
CO
2
geological 'torage CO
2
i!>ectio! acco+)a!ie# * 'torage of i!>ecte# CO
2
'trea+' i! a geological for+atio!.
CO
2
geological 'torage
)ro>ect
Co+)o!e!t of a caro! ca)t0re a!# 'torage )ro>ect t1at i!cl0#e' 'ite 'cree!i!g/ 'electio! a!#
a))rai'al/ )er+itti!g/ #e'ig! a!# co!'tr0ctio! of 'ite facilitie'/ -ell #rilli!g/ o)eratio! of
CO
2
geological 'torage/ 'torage 'ite clo'0re Ci!cl0#i!g -ell a!# facilitie' aa!#o!+e!t6/ a!#
)o't-clo'0re. It al'o i!cl0#e' +o!itori!g #0ri!g all )ro>ect )1a'e'.
CO
2
i!>ectio! Eell o)eratio! i!>ecti!g a CO
2
'trea+ i!to a #e'ig!ate# i!>ectio! Io!e.
CO
2
)l0+e Di')er'i!g ,ol0+e of CO
2
'trea+ !ot #i''ol,e# i! re'i#e!t for+atio! fl0i#'.
CO
2
'trea+ A flo- of '0'ta!ce' -1ic1 co!'i't' of a '0fficie!tl* 1ig1 fractio! of CO
2
a!# '0fficie!tl*
lo- co!ce!tratio!' of ot1er '0'ta!ce' to +eet ')ecificatio!' of 'trea+' )er+itte# for lo!g-
ter+ CO
2
geological 'torage.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.% Definitions and abbreviations * 'age :
Co++0!icatio! Pla! O!e co+)o!e!t of a Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla!. It i' a #oc0+e!t t1at '1all #e'crie -1e!
a!# 1o- t1e o)erator '1all co++0!icate -it1 )ro>ect 'ta(e1ol#er' i!cl0#i!g )ro,i#i!g
i!for+atio! ao0t e!,iro!+e!tal i+)act a!# ri'( treat+e!t.
Co!'e50e!ce O0tco+e of a! e,e!t affecti!g o>ecti,e'
Co!'e50e!ce categor* A '0>ect of co!cer! for -1ic1 ri'( i' e,al0ate# a!# +a!age#/ for e"a+)le 10+a! 1ealt1 a!#
'afet*/ e!,iro!+e!tal )rotectio! a!# 'torage 'ite )erfor+a!ce.
Co!tai!+e!t Pre,e!tio! of lea(age at rate' or i! total +a'' '0fficie!t to ca0'e a#,er'e i+)act.
Correcti,e co!trol Mitigati,e co!trol i!te!#e# to li+it t1e 'cale a!# #0ratio! of 0!i!te!#e# co!'e50e!ce'/ '0c1
a' lea(age or )re''0re 0il#-0) i! 0!i!te!#e# Io!e' or ao,e #e'ire# le,el'/ a!# to re'tore
t1e i!tegrit* of a 'torage 'ite a!#Jor t1e 50alit* of eco!o+ic or e!,iro!+e!tal rece)tor' t1at
1a,e ee! affecte# * t1e CO
2
geological 'torage )ro>ect.
De!'e )1a'e co!#itio!' Co!#itio!' for -1ic1 CO
2
-ill e i! a li50i# or '0)ercritical )1a'e.
Eco!o+ic rece)tor S0'0rface #o+ai! or for+atio! t1at i' or 1a' )ote!tial to e a! eco!o+ic re'o0rce/ e.g./
1*#rocaro! re'er,oir'/ coal 'ea+'/ for+atio!' -it1 1ig1 geot1er+al e!erg* co!,er'io!
)ote!tial/ +i!eral re'o0rce'/ etc.
Ele,ate# )re''0re Pre''0re '0fficie!t to ca0'e +o,e+e!t of for+atio! fl0i#' fro+ t1e 'torage co+)le" t1ro0g1
a 1ig1 )er+eale )at1-a* i!to a! eco!o+ic or e!,iro!+e!tal rece)tor ao,e t1e 'torage
co+)le".
E!,iro!+e!tal rece)tor 8io')1ere/ '0rface area ao,e 'torage 'ite or ot1er '0'0rface #o+ai! or for+atio!
#e'ig!ate# for co!'er,atio! )0r)o'e' t1at +a* e )oll0te# or !egati,el* i+)acte# * t1e CO
2

geological 'torage )ro>ect.
E!,iro!+e!tal State+e!t O!e co+)o!e!t of a Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla!. It i' a #oc0+e!t t1at #oc0+e!t' t1e o0tco+e
of a! E!,iro!+e!tal I+)act A''e''+e!t or a! e50i,ale!t )roce''.
E,e!t Di'crete occ0rre!ce or c1a!ge of a )artic0lar 'et of circ0+'ta!ce' o,er a '1ort )erio# of ti+e.
E,e!t-co!'e50e!ce
'ce!ario
C1ai! of circ0+'ta!ce' 0)o! -1ic1 a co!'e50e!ce -it1 !egati,e i+)act o! a ri'( categor*
+a* ari'e a' a re'0lt of t1e e,e!t.
2ail0re +ec1a!i'+ T1e )1*'ical/ c1e+ical or ot1er )roce'' t1at +a* lea# to/ or 1a' le# to/ a fail0re.
2ail0re +o#e Pote!tial or o'er,e# +a!!er of fail0re o! a ')ecifie# le,el of a -ell co+)o!e!t or '*'te+
of co+)o!e!t'.
2lo-li!e A '0rface )i)eli!e carr*i!g a! i!>ectio! or )ro#0ctio! 'trea+ t1at co!!ect' t1e -ell1ea# to a
+a!ifol# or to i!>ectio! or )ro#0ctio! facilitie'/ '0c1 a' a co+)re''or.
2or+atio! fl0i# 2l0i# or ga' occ0)*i!g )ore-')ace i! a geological for+atio!.
2ract0re A crac( or '0rface of rea(age -it1i! roc( !ot relate# to foliatio! or clea,age i!
+eta+or)1ic roc( alo!g -1ic1 t1ere 1a' ee! !o +o,e+e!t.
Geological fa0lt A #i')lace+e!t of roc(' alo!g a '1ear '0rface. T1e '0rface alo!g -1ic1 #i')lace+e!t occ0r'
i' calle# t1e fa0lt )la!e Cofte! a c0r,e# '0rface6.
Geo+ec1a!ical 'tailit* Pre,e!tio! of a#,er'e i+)act ca0'e# * i!#0ce# 'ei'+icit*/ fract0ri!g or eart1 #efor+atio!
a' a re'0lt of CO
2
i!>ectio!.
Geo')1ere T1e 'oli# eart1 elo- t1e gro0!# '0rface a!# otto+ of ri,er' a!# -ater o#ie' o! la!#/ a!#
elo- t1e 'ea otto+ off'1ore.
Gro0!#-ater Eater locate# e!eat1 t1e gro0!# '0rface a!# c1aracteriIe# * 1a,i!g lo- co!ce!tratio!' of
#i''ol,e# 'alt' a!# ot1er total #i''ol,e# 'oli#'.
I+)act 1*)ot1e'i' Co!ci'e 'tate+e!t of t1e e")ecte# co!'e50e!ce' = ot1 )o'iti,e a!# !egati,e = to t1e ri'(
categorie' of t1e 'torage 'ite co!ti!ge!t 0)o! e"ec0tio! of t1e ri'( +a!age+e!t )la!.
I!>ectio! a!# O)erati!g
Pla!
O!e co+)o!e!t of a Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla!. It i' a #oc0+e!t t1at i!cl0#e' t1e fi!al Eell
E!gi!eeri!g Co!ce)t a!# fi!al Eell 70alificatio! Re)ort for eac1 -ell at a 'torage 'ite a!#
#e'crie' t1e follo-i!g c1aracteri'itic'K i6 t1e e")ecte# i!>ectio! foreca't/ ii6 t1e e")ecte#
,ariatio! i! #eli,ere# -ell )erfor+a!ce a!# iii6 -ell o)erati!g )roce#0re'.
I!>ectio! Io!e A geologic for+atio!/ gro0) of for+atio!'/ or )art of a for+atio! i!to -1ic1 CO
2
i' or -ill
e i!>ecte# for t1e )0r)o'e of lo!g-ter+ 'torage.
I!>ecti,it* C%6 T1e )o''ile CO
2
i!>ectio! rate t1at ca! e ac1ie,e# through a specified well '0>ect to
Cotto+-1ole or ot1er6 i!>ectio! )re''0re co!'trai!t'.
I!>ecti,it* C26 T1e )o''ile CO
2
i!>ectio! rate for a given storage site t1at ca! e ac1ie,e# '0>ect to
re'er,oir )re''0re or ot1er i!>ectio! )re''0re co!'trai!t'.
$ea(age Mea'0rale relea'e of CO
2
'trea+ co!'tit0e!t' or #i')lace# for+atio! fl0i# fro+ a 'torage
co+)le" t1at #etri+e!tall* i+)act' a! eco!o+ic or e!,iro!+e!tal rece)tor a' a re'0lt of
)ro>ect acti,it*.
$ea(age )at1-a* Nat0ral or e!gi!eere# feat0re or co+i!atio! of feat0re' t1ro0g1 -1ic1 CO
2
'trea+
co!'tit0e!t' or for+atio! fl0i#' #i')lace# * CO
2
i!>ectio! ca! )ote!tiall* +igrate o0t'i#e
of t1e 'torage co+)le". 2or e"a+)le geological fa0lt'/ -ell'/ )er+eale 1oriIo!'/ o0tcro)'
a!# ')ill )oi!t'.
Term ,efinition
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.% Definitions and abbreviations * 'age $#
$e,el of ri'( Mag!it0#e of a ri'( or co+i!atio! of ri'('/ e")re''e# i! ter+' of t1e co+i!atio! of
co!'e50e!ce' a!# t1eir li(eli1oo#.
$i(eli1oo# C1a!ce of 'o+et1i!g 1a))e!i!g e")re''e# eit1er 50alitati,el* or 50a!titati,el* a!#
#e'crie# 0'i!g ge!eral ter+' or +at1e+aticall*/ '0c1 a' a )roailit* or a fre50e!c* o,er a
gi,e! ti+e )erio#.
$ife c*cle of a 'torage 'ite Ti+e ')a! fro+ i!itial )la!!i!g a!# e"ec0tio! of 'torage 'ite 'cree!i!g to )o't-clo'0re
'te-ar#'1i) )1a'e C'ee $torage site closure6.
$o!g-ter+ Mi!i+0+ )erio# of rete!tio! of i!>ecte# CO
2
-'trea+' i! '0'0rface geological for+atio!'
!ece''ar* for CO
2
geological 'torage to e co!'i#ere# a! effecti,e a!# e!,iro!+e!tall* 'afe
cli+ate c1a!ge +itigatio! o)tio!.
Mitigati,e co!trol Ri'( co!trol to )re,e!t or re#0ce a#,er'e effect' of e,e!t'.
Mo#elli!g Re)ort A re)ort t1at #oc0+e!t' t1e acti,itie' 0!#erta(e! #0ri!g t1e +o#elli!g 'te) of t1e A))rai'al
'tage a!# t1e re'0lt' otai!e#.
Mo!itori!g Mea'0re+e!t a!# '0r,eilla!ce acti,itie' !ece''ar* for e!'0ri!g 'afe a!# reliale CO
2

geological 'torage.
Mo!itori!g Pla! O!e co+)o!e!t of a Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla!. It i' a #oc0+e!t t1at #e'crie' t1e
+o!itori!g o>ecti,e'/ target'/ tec1!i50e' a!# acti,itie' for a 'torage 'ite.
Mo!itori!g target A +ea'0rale )1*'ical )ro)ert* or c1aracteri'tic at a gi,e! locatio! t1at ca! )ro,i#e a!
i!#icator of co+)lia!ce or !o!-co+)lia!ce -it1 #efi!e# re50ire+e!t' for 'torage 'ite
)erfor+a!ce.
O)erator Nat0ral or legal/ )ri,ate or )0lic )er'o!/ 0'i!e'' orga!iIatio!C'6 or go,er!+e!t e!tit* -1o
o)erate' a!# co!trol' t1e CO
2
geological 'torage o)eratio! or to -1o+ #eci'i,e )o-er o,er
t1e 'torage o)eratio! 1a' ee! #elegate# accor#i!g to reg0latio!'.
O,er0r#e! Se#i+e!tar* '0cce''io! C'tratigra)1ic col0+!6 o,erl*i!g a refere!ce 0!#ergro0!#
for+atio!.
Pl0g a!# Aa!#o! Actio! ta(e! to e!'0re )er+a!e!t i'olatio! of fl0i#' a!# )re''0re' fro+ e")o'e# )er+eale
Io!e' alo!g -ell tra>ector* * i!'tallatio! of -ell arrier'/ 0'0all* ce+e!t )l0g'.
Pa''i,e co!trol Ri'( co!trol !at0rall* i!1ere!t i! t1e CO
2
geological 'torage 'ite or i! t1e e!gi!eere#
co+)o!e!t' a''ociate# -it1 t1e '*'te+.
Perfor+a!ce +argi! Margi! to !o!-co+)lia!ce -it1 )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t'.
Perfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t Re50ire+e!t 0'e# to e,al0ate t1e '0cce'' of a )erfor+a!ce a''e''+e!t.
Per+eailit* Mea'0re of t1e ailit* of a 'oil or roc( to tra!'+it fl0i#'.
Poro'it* Ratio of t1e ,ol0+e of ,oi# )ore ')ace i! t1e roc( relati,e to t1e 0l( ,ol0+e of t1e roc(.
Pre,e!ti,e co!trol Ri'( co!trol to )re,e!t or re#0ce t1e li(eli1oo# of a! e,e!t.
70alificatio! A )roce'' of )ro,i#i!g t1e e,i#e!ce t1at a tec1!olog* or CO
2
'torage 'ite -ill f0!ctio!
-it1i! ')ecific li+it' -it1 a! acce)tale le,el of co!fi#e!ce.
Reg0lator Rele,a!t !atio!al/ 'tate or )ro,i!cial a0t1orit* a!#Jor i!ter!atio!al reg0lator* o#*.
Ri'( Effect of 0!certai!t* o! o>ecti,e'. Ri'( +a* e e")re''e# i! ter+' of a co+i!atio! of a
li(eli1oo# of occ0rre!ce of a! e,e!t a!# t1e a''ociate# 'e,erit* of )ote!tial co!'e50e!ce'
t1at +a* ari'e a' a re'0lt of t1e e,e!t.
Ri'( a!al*'i' Proce'' to co+)re1e!# t1e !at0re of ri'( a!# #eter+i!e t1e le,el of ri'(.
Ri'( a''e''+e!t O,erall )roce'' of ri'( i#e!tificatio!/ ri'( a!al*'i' a!# ri'( e,al0atio!.
Ri'( co!trol Mea'0re or i!1ere!t c1aracteri'tic -1o'e )0r)o'e i' to re#0ce ri'(.
Ri'( e,al0atio! Proce'' of co+)ari!g t1e re'0lt' of ri'( a!al*'i' -it1 t1e e,al0atio! ri'( criteria to #eter+i!e
-1et1er t1e ri'( a!#Jor it' +ag!it0#e areJi' acce)tale or tolerale.
Ri'( e,al0atio! criteria Ter+' of refere!ce agai!'t -1ic1 t1e 'ig!ifica!ce of a ri'( i' e,al0ate#. Note t1at t1i'
#efi!itio! i' e50i,ale!t to t1e #efi!itio! of Mri'( criteriaG i! ISO 3%000.
Ri'( i#e!tificatio! Proce'' of fi!#i!g/ recog!iIi!g a!# #e'crii!g ri'('.
Ri'( Ma!age+e!t Pla! O!e co+)o!e!t of a Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla!. It i' a #oc0+e!t t1at #e'crie' 1o- ri'(' to
a 'torage 'ite '1all e +a!age# i! t1e O)erate a!# Clo'e 'tage' of a )ro>ect.
Ri'( o-!er Per'o! or e!tit* -it1 t1e acco0!tailit* a!# a0t1orit* to +a!age t1e ri'(.
Ri'( )erfor+a!ce target 2or a ')ecifie# ri'(/ t1e target le,el of ri'( to e ac1ie,e# t1ro0g1 i+)le+e!tatio! of a
)re'crie# ri'( treat+e!t.
Ri'( 'ce!ario Co+i!atio! of a t1reat-e,e!t 'ce!ario a!# )o''ile e,e!t-co!'e50e!ce 'ce!ario'.
Ri'( treat+e!t Proce'' to +o#if* ri'( t1ro0g1 i+)le+e!tatio! of ri'( co!trol'.
Seal Relati,el* i+)er+eale roc(/ co++o!l* '1ale/ a!1*#rite or 'alt t1at for+' a arrier or 'eal
ao,e a!# aro0!# re'er,oir roc( 'o t1at fl0i#' ca!!ot +igrate e*o!# t1e re'er,oir. T1e
)er+eailit* of a 'eal ca)ale of retai!i!g fl0i#' t1ro0g1 geologic ti+e i' t*)icall* i! t1e
ra!ge %0
-@
to %0
-B
Darcie'.
Term ,efinition
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.% Definitions and abbreviations * 'age $$
Scree!i!g 8a'i' A #oc0+e!t t1at #efi!e' t1e re50ire+e!t' to e f0lfille# #0ri!g t1e )ro>ect Scree!i!g 'tage
i! or#er to e ale to regar# a 'torage 'ite a' )ro')ecti,e a!# t1ere* 50alifie# for a))rai'al.
Scree!i!g Pla! A #oc0+e!t t1at #e'crie' t1e 'co)e of eac1 'te) i! t1e Scree!i!g 'tage a!# t1e acti,itie' to
e carrie# o0t.
Scree!i!g 'tage T1e fir't )ro>ect life c*cle 'tage i! a CO
2
geological 'torage )ro>ect.
Scree!i!g Re)ort A re)ort t1at #oc0+e!t' t1e acti,itie' 0!#erta(e! #0ri!g t1e Scree!i!g 'tage )re'e!t' t1e
e,i#e!ce for 'electi!g )ro')ecti,e 'torage 'ite' t1at 50alif* for a))rai'al.
Sig!ifica!t e,e!t Circ0+'ta!ce or 'et of circ0+'ta!ce' -it1 )ote!tial to 1a,e 'ig!ifica!t i+)act o! a
co!'e50e!ce categor*.
Sig!ifica!t ri'( Ri'( -1o'e +ag!it0#e +0't e re#0ce# t1ro0g1 i+)le+e!tatio! of a))ro)riate ri'(
treat+e!t to +ai!tai! alig!+e!t -it1 )ro>ect o>ecti,e'.
S)ill )oi!t Str0ct0rall* lo-e't )oi!t i! a 'tr0ct0ral tra) t1at ca! retai! 0o*a!t fl0i#'.
Sta(e1ol#er I!#i,i#0al/ gro0) of i!#i,i#0al'/ or orga!iIatio! -1o'e i!tere't' are '0'ta!tiall* affecte# *
t1e )ro>ect. Sta(e1ol#er' ca! i!cl0#e e+)lo*ee'/ '1are1ol#er'/ co++0!it* re'i#e!t'/
'0))lier'/ c0'to+er'/ !o!-go,er!+e!tal orga!iIatio!'/ go,er!+e!t'/ reg0lator'/ lao0r
0!io!'/ a!# ot1er i!#i,i#0al' or gro0)'.
Storage co+)le" S0'0rface ,ol0+e #eli!eate# * t1e o)erator a!# a))ro,e# * t1e reg0lator for t1e )0r)o'e
of e!,iro!+e!tall* 'afe lo!g-ter+ co!tai!+e!t of i!>ecte# CO
2
'trea+'.
Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla! A ge!eric ter+ 0'e# i! t1i' #oc0+e!t to refer to t1e )ac(age of #oc0+e!tatio! t1at a!
o)erator '1all '0+it to a reg0lator i! or#er to a))l* for a Storage Per+it. Co+)arale to a
Pla! for De,elo)+e!t a!# O)eratio!' for 1*#rocaro! fiel#'. DNV recog!i'e' t1at t1e !a+e
of t1i' #oc0+e!t a!# re50ire# co!te!t +a* ,ar* #e)e!#i!g o! >0ri'#ictio!.
Storage i!tegrit* Ailit* of 'torage co+)le" to )ro,i#e lo!g-ter+ co!tai!+e!t a!# geo+ec1a!ical 'tailit*
-1e! CO
2
geological 'torage o)eratio!' are +a!age# i! accor#a!ce -it1 t1e I!>ectio! a!#
O)erati!g Pla!.
Storage Perfor+a!ce
2oreca't
O!e co+)o!e!t of a Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla!. It i' a #oc0+e!t t1at )ro,i#e' a 'ce!ario-
a'e# 'torage )erfor+a!ce foreca't t1at #e+o!'trate' t1e '0itailit* of t1e I!>ectio! a!#
O)erati!g Pla! i! +eeti!g t1e 'torage 'ite )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' #efi!e# i! t1e A))rai'al
8a'i'.
Storage )er+it Eritte! #eci'io! i''0e# * a #e'ig!ate# reg0lator* a0t1orit* a0t1oriIi!g CO
2
i!>ectio! * a!
o)erator i!to a ')ecifie# i!>ectio! Io!e for t1e )0r)o'e of )er+a!e!t co!tai!+e!t -it1i! a
#efi!e# CO
2
geological 'torage co+)le"/ a!# -1ic1 ')ecifie' t1e co!#itio!' 0!#er -1ic1
CO
2
i!>ectio! a!# 'torage o)eratio!' +a* ta(e )lace.
Storage 'ite Storage co+)le" a!# t1e -ell' a!# '0rface facilitie' a''ociate# -it1 t1e o)eratio!/
+o!itori!g a!# ri'( +a!age+e!t of t1e 'torage 'ite.
Storage 'ite clo'0re Mile'to!e i! t1e CO
2
geological 'torage )ro>ect after ce''atio! of CO
2
i!>ectio! 0)o! -1ic1
o)eratio! c1a!ge' fro+ acti,el* +a!agi!g ri'(' t1ro0g1 c*cle' of +o#elli!g/ +o!itori!g a!#
ri'( a''e''+e!t'/ to a )o't-clo'0re 'te-ar#'1i) )1a'e foc0'i!g o! )ro,i#i!g co!ti!0e#
a''0ra!ce t1at ri'(' are +ai!tai!e# at a! acce)tale le,el.
Stratigra)1ic col0+! Se#i+e!tar* '0cce''io! of geological for+atio!' i! regio! of i!tere't for CO
2
geological
'torage.
Tec1!ical A))rai'al Pla! A #oc0+e!t t1at '1all #e'crie 1o- 'torage 'ite c1aracteriIatio! a!# +o#elli!g acti,itie' -ill
e )erfor+e# for eac1 )ro')ecti,e 'torage 'ite i! or#er to )ro,i#e t1e tec1!ical a'i' for t1e
'torage 'ite a!# -ell e!gi!eeri!g co!ce)t 'electio!.
T1reat Ele+e!t -1ic1 alo!e or i! co+i!atio! 1a' t1e i!tri!'ic )ote!tial to gi,e ri'e to ri'(.
T1reat-e,e!t 'ce!ario C1ai! of circ0+'ta!ce' 0)o! -1ic1 t1e t1reat +a* ca0'e t1e e,e!t to occ0r.
Verificatio! Co!fir+atio! * e"a+i!atio! a!# )ro,i'io! of o>ecti,e e,i#e!ce t1at ')ecifie#
re50ire+e!t' 1a,e ee! f0lfille#/ 0'0all* a 50alit* a''0ra!ce )roce'' of #eter+i!i!g
co+)lia!ce -it1 a reg0latio!/ 'ta!#ar# or ')ecificatio!.
Eell arrier E!,elo)e of o!e or 'e,eral #e)e!#e!t co+)o!e!t' )re,e!ti!g fl0i#' or ga'e' fro+ flo-i!g
0!i!te!tio!all* et-ee! geological for+atio!' or to t1e '0rface.
Eell co+)o!e!t I!#i,i#0al )iece' of e50i)+e!t -1ic1 are >oi!e# toget1er a' )art of -ell co!'tr0ctio!.
Eell E!gi!eeri!g Co!ce)t A #oc0+e!t t1at #e'crie' t1e -ell e!gi!eeri!g 'ol0tio! for !e- a!# e"i'ti!g -ell' at
co!ce)t le,el for a )ro')ecti,e 'torage 'ite.
Eell i!tegrit* T1e ailit* of a -ell to )erfor+ it' re50ire# f0!ctio! effecti,el* a!# efficie!tl* -1il't
)re,e!ti!g 0!co!trolle# relea'e of for+atio! fl0i#' alo!g t1e -ellore t1ro0g1o0t t1e life of
t1e -ell.
Eell 70alificatio! T1e )roce'' of )ro,i#i!g t1e e,i#e!ce t1at a gi,e! -ell -ill f0!ctio! -it1i! ')ecific li+it'
-it1 a! acce)tale le,el of co!fi#e!ce.
Eell 70alificatio! 8a'i' A #oc0+e!t t1at #efi!e' t1e re50ire+e!t' to e f0lfille# #0ri!g t1e 50alificatio! of a gi,e!
-ell/ i!cl0#i!g a #e'cri)tio! of t1e c0rre!t 'tat0' of t1e -ell/ t1e -ell )erfor+a!ce
re50ire+e!t'/ t1e -ell ')ecificatio! a!# t1e critical )ara+eter'.
Term ,efinition
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.% Definitions and abbreviations * 'age $"
32 A))re*'at'&n(
33 >er)al F&rm(
2or ,erificatio! of co+)lia!ce -it1 t1i' RP/ t1e follo-i!g #efi!itio!' of t1e ,eral for+'/ shall/ should a!#
may are a))lie#3
Eell 70alificatio! Re)ort A re)ort t1at #oc0+e!t' t1e acti,itie' )erfor+e# #0ri!g Eell 70alificatio!/ t1e fit!e'' for
)0r)o'e of a gi,e! -ell a!# t1e #efi!e# +argi!' agai!'t ')ecifie# fail0re +o#e' or
)erfor+a!ce target'.
Eellore T1e )1*'ical 1ole t1at +a(e' 0) t1e -ell.
A$ARP A' $o- a' Rea'o!al* Practicale
CCS Caro! Ca)t0re a!# Storage
CO
2
Caro! Dio"i#e
9SE 9ealt1/ Safet* a!# E!,iro!+e!t.
S1all3 i!#icate' a +a!#ator* re50ire+e!t to e follo-e# for f0lfil+e!t or co+)lia!ce -it1 t1e )re'e!t RP.
S1o0l#3 i!#icate' a reco++e!#atio! t1at a certai! co0r'e of actio! i' )referre# or )artic0larl* '0itale.
Ma*3 i!#icate' )er+i''io!/ or a! o)i!io!/ -1ic1 i' )er+itte# a' a )art of co!for+a!ce -it1 t1e RP.
Term ,efinition
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.+ ,torage ,ite ,creening and ppraisal * 'age $%
, St&ra-e S'te S#reen'n- and A..ra'(al
,1 %ntr&du#t'&n
T1i' c1a)ter #e'crie' t1e reco++e!#e# )roce#0re for i#e!tif*i!g )ote!tial 'torage 'ite' i! a gi,e! regio!/
'cree!i!g t1o'e t1at are )ro')ecti,e a!# #e,elo)i!g o!e or +ore to a le,el of +at0rit* '0itale for egi!!i!g
t1e )roce'' of a))l*i!g for a Storage Per+it at Mile'to!e M3 i! 2ig0re 2-%.
,2 S#reen'n-
,21 General
The purpose of storage site screening is to evaluate the potential for &+
2
geological storage in a given region.
T1e follo-i!g 'te)' re)re'e!t a ge!eric reco++e!#atio! of 'cree!i!g acti,itie' a))licale to a!* regio!. T1e
'co)e of t1e 'te)' i' e")ecte# to ,ar* et-ee! regio!' #e)e!#i!g o! t1e 50alit* a!# 50a!tit* of e"i'ti!g #ata.
T1e o0t)0t fro+ 'torage 'ite 'cree!i!g '1o0l# e a li't of )ote!tial 'torage 'ite' t1at f0lfil t1e o)eratorG'
re50ire+e!t' lai# #o-! i! t1e Scree!i!g 8a'i'. T1e 'cree!i!g )roce'' '1all e #oc0+e!te# i! a Scree!i!g
Re)ort.
,22 S#reen'n- 5a('(
The purpose of the $creening .asis is to provide a common set of re/uirements against which all potential
storage sites will be assessed at 0ilestone 02 in 1igure 221.
T1e Scree!i!g 8a'i' #oc0+e!t '1o0l# i!cl0#e a li't of re50ire+e!t' t1at a 'torage 'ite '1o0l# f0lfil i! or#er to
e regar#e# a' )ro')ecti,e a!# 50alif* for a))rai'al. T1e'e re50ire+e!t' '1o0l# at lea't i!cl0#e t1o'e li'te# i!
Tale ?-%.
T1e Scree!i!g 8a'i' #oc0+e!t '1o0l# al'o #e'crie t1e co!te"t i! -1ic1 t1e 'cree!i!g acti,it* i' ta(i!g )lace.
T1e co!te"t +a* e #e'crie# * t1e follo-i!g3
4 t1e locatio!' of t1e c0rre!t or )la!!e# 'o0rce' of CO
2
4 t1e +a'' rate' a!# co+)o'itio! of t1e CO
2
'trea+' fro+ t1e'e 'o0rce'
4 t1e e")ecte# rate' of '0))l* a!# t1e lifeti+e of t1e CO
2
'o0rce'
4 t1e !at0ral e!,iro!+e!t '0c1 a' +eteorolog*/ '0rfaceJ+ari!e e!,iro!+e!t/ io')1ere/ 1*#ro')1ere a!#
geo')1ere i! a' far a' it +a* i!teract -it1 t1e 'torage co+)le" or )ote!tial lea(' fro+ t1e co+)le"
4 1i'torical/ e"i'ti!g or )la!!e# 0'e' of t1e '0'0rface i! t1e regio!/ '0c1 a'3
4 gro0!#-ater e"tractio!
4 oil or ga' )ro#0ctio!
4 geot1er+al e!erg* e"tractio!
4 aci# ga' #i')o'al
4 !at0ral ga' 'torage
4 -a'te #i')o'al
4 1i'torical/ e"i'ti!g or )la!!e# la!# 0'e i! t1e regio! for o!'1ore 'torage 'ite'/ '0c1 a'3
4 )o)0latio! ce!tre' Cta(i!g i!to acco0!t #e+ogra)1ic tre!#'6
Ta)le ,:1 Re2u'rement( t& .&tent'al (t&ra-e ('te( t8at (8&uld )e 'n#luded 'n t8e S#reen'n- 5a('(
%6 A 50a!titati,e re50ire+e!t for +i!i+0+ total ca)acit* Cto!!e'6
26 A 50a!titati,e re50ire+e!t for +i!i+0+ a!!0al i!>ecti,it* Cto!!e'J*ear6
36 A re50ire+e!t for #oc0+e!te#
e,i#e!ce of t1e follo-i!g )o'iti,e
i!#icator' of lo!g-ter+
co!tai!+e!t3
a6 #e)t13 '0fficie!t #e)t1 of i!>ectio! Io!e to ac1ie,e CO
2
#e!'e )1a'e co!#itio!'
CN 300 (gJ+
3
at re'er,oir co!#itio!'6
6 'eal3 )re'e!ce of laterall* e"te!'i,e 'eal ao,e t1e i!>ectio! Io!e to )re,e!t flo-
co++0!icatio! -it1 eco!o+ic a!#Jor e!,iro!+e!tal rece)tor'
c6 -ell'3 co!fi#e!ce t1at -ell i!tegrit* ca! e e'tali'1e# a!# +ai!tai!e# i! e"i'ti!g
-ell' t1at )e!etrate t1e )ri+ar* 'eal a!# -ill e e")o'e# to CO
2
or )re''0re c1a!ge'
#6 geological fa0lt'3
i6 '0fficie!tl* 'tale geological
e!,iro!+e!t to gi,e co!fi#e!ce t1at
co!tai!+e!t -ill !ot e >eo)ar#iIe# *
!at0ral tecto!ic acti,it*
ii6 a'e!ce of e"i'ti!g flo--)at1' alo!g
geological fa0lt' t1at )e!etrate t1e 'torage
co+)le"
?6 A re50ire+e!t for #oc0+e!te#
e,i#e!ce of t1e follo-i!g )o'iti,e
i!#icator' of t1e )ote!tial to
+o!itor a!# #e)lo* ri'( treat+e!t3
a6 legal a,ailailit* of t1e 'torage 'ite o,er t1e e")ecte# life c*cle
6 )1*'ical acce''iilit* to t1e 'torage 'ite o,er t1e e")ecte# life c*cle
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.+ ,torage ,ite ,creening and ppraisal * 'age $+
4 i!#0'trial #e,elo)+e!t'
4 agric0lt0re
4 tra!')ort i!fra'tr0ct0re '0c1 a' roa#' a!# rail-a*'
4 i!#0'trial i!fra'tr0ct0re '0c1 a' )i)eli!e' a!# )o-er li!e'
4 )rotecte# a!# 'e!'iti,e area' '0c1 a'3
4 !at0re re'er,e' Co! la!# or +ari!e6
4 i!#ige!o0' re'er,e'
4 +ilitar* area'
4 #ri!(i!g -ater 'o0rce'
4 t1e 'ocial a!# c0lt0ral co!te"t aro0!# a 'torage 'ite/ i!cl0#i!g )0lic )erce)tio!' of CO
2
geological 'torage
a!# relate# i''0e' i! t1e regio!
4 t1e legal a!# reg0lator* e!,iro!+e!t for CO
2
geological 'torage i! t1e regio!
4 t1e e")ectatio!' of t1e o)erator/ reg0lator' a!# 'ta(e1ol#er' to t1e 'cree!i!g )roce''.
,23 S#reen'n- !lan
The purpose of the $creening *lan is to describe the scope of each screening step and the activities to be carried
out.
T1e )la!!e# acti,itie' '1o0l# e a))ro)riate for t1e t*)e of #ata t1at -ill e 0'e# a!# t1e le,el of #etail re50ire#
for co+)ari'o! agai!'t t1e re50ire+e!t' 'et o0t i! t1e Scree!i!g 8a'i'.
T1e Scree!i!g Pla! #oc0+e!t '1o0l# #e'crie t1e follo-i!g3
4 t1e #ata t1at -ill e 0'e# for 'cree!i!g
4 -1ere t1i' #ata -ill e otai!e#
4 1o- t1i' #ata -ill e 0'e# to i#e!tif* )ote!tial 'torage 'ite'
4 1o- 'torage ca)acit* -ill e calc0late#
4 1o- e"i'ti!g -ell' -ill e i#e!tifie# a!# ri'( a''e''e#
4 1o- ot1er )ote!tial lea(age ri'(' -ill e i#e!tifie# a!# ri'( a''e''e#
4 1o- )ote!tial co!flict' -it1 ot1er '0-'0rface re'o0rce' or la!#-0'e clai+' -ill e i#e!tifie#
4 1o- t1e locatio! of )ote!tial 'torage 'ite' -ill e e,al0ate# -it1 re')ect to t1e locatio! of CO
2
'o0rce'
4 -1ic1 'ta(e1ol#er' -ill e i!,ol,e# or i!for+e# #0ri!g t1e 'cree!i!g )roce''
4 'ta(e1ol#erG' !ee#' for i!for+atio! a!# i!,ol,e+e!t/ )ro,i#i!g t1e ratio!ale for t1e co++0!icatio!
'trateg* a!# for f0t0re e!gage+e!t
4 1o- legal a!# )1*'ical acce''iilit* to 'torage 'ite' -ill e a''e''e#.
,2, Data C&lle#t'&n and Re*'e6
The purpose of this step is to collect and review data in order to identify potential storage sites.
T1i' acti,it* +a* )ri+aril* e a'e# o! #ata a,ailale fro+ e"i'ti!g 'o0rce'/ 0t ac50i'itio! of !e- #ata
t1ro0g1 earl*-'tage a))rai'al acti,itie' +a* e !ee#e# i! #ata )oor area'. A! o)erator '1o0l# co!'i#er t1e
li(eli1oo# of getti!g !ece''ar* )0lic '0))ort for 0!#erta(i!g CO
2
'torage i! a gi,e! regio!/ -1ic1 +a* e!tail
)0lic '0r,e*' a!# 'ta(e1ol#er i!ter,ie-'.
Data re,ie- '1o0l# i#e!tif* geological 'tr0ct0re' t1at #e+o!'trate t1e )ote!tial to co+)l* -it1 t1e
re50ire+e!t' i! t1e Scree!i!g 8a'i' a!# #oc0+e!t t1e'e a' )ote!tial 'torage 'ite'.
E"a+)le' of t1e t*)e' of #ata t1at +a* e collecte# a!# t1e i!for+atio! t1at +a* e #eri,e# fro+ eac1 are
gi,e! i! A))e!#i" A.
Gu'dan#e n&te?
2or regio!' -it1 a large !0+er of )o''ile 'torage 'ite'/ t1i' 'te) +a* re50ire a! iterati,e a))roac1 t1at +a* 0'e
i!#icati,e 'torage 'ite 'cree!i!g re50ire+e!t' a' a fir't 'te). S0c1 re50ire+e!t' +a* e 0'e# to ra!( 'torage 'ite'
accor#i!g to '0itailit* for CO
2
'torage. Geogra)1ical I!for+atio! S*'te+ tool' a!# #ata'et' +a* e 0tiliIe# to
facilitate recor#i!g a!# ,i'0aliIatio! of '0c1 ra!(i!g )ara+eter'.
T1e +ai! )0r)o'e of 'cree!i!g re50ire+e!t' i' to e!ale co+)ilatio! of aggregate ra!(i!g 'core' i!#icati,e of 'torage
'ite '0itailit* to 1el) accelerate a!# g0i#e t1e 'cree!i!g )roce'' * ra)i#l* i#e!tif*i!g t1e +o't )ro+i'i!g area' for
CO
2
geological 'torage. Scree!i!g re50ire+e!t' '1o0l# !ot e i!ter)rete# a' t1re'1ol#' for eli+i!atio! of )ro')ect'
-it1 0!fa,orale c1aracteri'tic'. T1e '0itailit* of a )ote!tial 'torage 'ite -ill 0lti+atel* !ee# to e #e+o!'trate#
t1ro0g1 #etaile# 'torage 'ite-')ecific a''e''+e!t'. To t1i' e!#/ 'torage 'ite' -it1 certai! 0!fa,orale c1aracteri'tic'
+a* i! t1e e!# 'till )ro,e to e '0itale.
20rt1er+ore/ -1ile ge!eric 'cree!i!g re50ire+e!t' +a* e a))lie# to a''ig! i!#icati,e '0itailit* 'core'/ a##itio!al
re50ire+e!t' +a* e a##e# to reflect t1e )0r)o'e of t1e 'torage 'ite/ i!cl0#i!g )ote!tial 'ocial/ c0lt0ral/ tec1!ical or
eco!o+ic co!'trai!t'. 2or f0rt1er i!for+atio! ao0t 'cree!i!g re50ire+e!t' 'ee3
IEA Gree!1o0'e Ga' R;D Progra++e CIEA G9G6. 200D. &&$ $ite &haracterisation &riteria/ Re)ort No. 200DJ%0.
C1elte!1a+. :!ite# Ki!g#o+.
---e-!-#---of---G-0-i-#-a-!-c-e---!-o-t-e---
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.+ ,torage ,ite ,creening and ppraisal * 'age $-
,2$ Un#erta'nty A((e((ment
3.2.4.1 -eneral
The purpose of this step is to assess the level of uncertainty related to each potential storage site that was
identified in the preceding step.
T1e 50alit* a!# 50a!tit* of t1e a,ailale e,i#e!ce for a!# agai!'t +eeti!g t1e re50ire+e!t' lai# #o-! i! t1e
Scree!i!g 8a'i' '1o0l# e a''e''e# for eac1 )ote!tial 'torage 'ite.
Critical )iece' of +i''i!g i!for+atio! t1at -o0l# re#0ce t1e 0!certai!t* for a gi,e! 'torage 'ite '1o0l# al'o e
i#e!tifie# a!# recor#e# for 0'e i! #e,elo)i!g a! e,e!t0al A))rai'al Pla!.
3.2.4.2 &apacity
I!itial e'ti+ate' of 'torage ca)acit* ca! e otai!e# 0'i!g a !0+er of #iffere!t +et1o#' t1at ')a! a ra!ge of
co+)le"itie'. T1ree roa# gro0)' of ca)acit* e'ti+atio! +et1o#' are ,ol0+etric +et1o#'/ a!al*tical or 'e+i-
a!al*tical +et1o#'/ a!# !0+erical re'er,oir 'i+0latio! +et1o#'. 2or t1e'e categorie' t1e 0!certai!t* attac1e#
to ca)acit* e'ti+ate' +a* e a''e''e# * 0'i!g t1e follo-i!g a))roac1e'3
4 for volumetric based capacity estimation +et1o#' t1e 0!certai!t* +a* e reflecte# * )ro,i#i!g
co!'er,ati,e a!# o)ti+i'tic e'ti+ate' of t1e ,ol0+etric fractio! of t1e )ore-')ace t1at ca! e fille# -it1
CO
2
. 2or clo'e# co!to0r 'tr0ct0re' t1e ca)acit* i' 0'0all* !ot +ore t1a! %-2 )erce!t of t1e acce''ile )ore-
,ol0+e #0e to li+it' o! )re''0re 0il#-0). CNote t1at t1i' ratio +a* e 'ig!ifica!tl* i!crea'e# if t1e
re'er,oir 1a' ee! #e)lete# * 1*#rocaro! )ro#0ctio!6. Ot1er factor'/ '0c1 a' )refere!tial flo- )at1' a!#
i!ter!al flo- arrier'/ +a* f0rt1er re#0ce t1e ca)acit*.
4 for ca)acit* e'ti+atio! +et1o#' t1at i!cl0#e +o#elli!g of t1e CO
2
)l0+e +o,e+e!t a!# )re''0re 0il#-0)
i! a! analytical or semi2analytical fa'1io! it +a* e )o''ile to #o 'e!'iti,it* a!al*'i' of t1e )ri+ar*
0!certai! )ara+eter' t1at #e'crie t1e )ore ,ol0+e of t1e target 'torage for+atio! a!# )o''ile #egree of
filli!g -it1 CO
2

4 if t1ree-#i+e!'io!al reservoir simulations are a))lie# to e'ti+ate ca)acit*/ t1e! t1e le,el of 0!certai!t*
+a* e e'ti+ate# * 'i+0lati!g a li+ite# !0+er of 'ce!ario'/ i!cl0#i!g e't-ca'e a!# -or't ca'e
'ce!ario'.
T1e le,el of 0!certai!t* -ill al'o e reflecte# * t1e co+)le"it* of t1e +et1o# 0'e# to e'ti+ate ca)acit* a!#
t1e reliailit* a!# re'ol0tio! of t1e #ata fro+ -1ic1 t1e 'torage ca)acit* 1a' ee! e'ti+ate#.
3.2.4.# )eservoir in5ectivity
Earl* e'ti+ate' of re'er,oir i!>ecti,it* +a* e a'e# o! )er+eailit* +ea'0re+e!t' or calc0latio!' fro+
regio!al -ell-log' or )ro#0ctio!Ji!>ecti,it* #ata of e"i'ti!g -ell' i! t1e i!>ectio! Io!e. T1e 0!certai!t* i!
re'er,oir i!>ecti,it* i' ofte! relate# to t1e a,ailailit* of -ell-log' i! t1e ,ici!it* of t1e )ro)o'e# 'torage 'ite.
Ot1er (e* 0!certai!t* factor' -it1 regar#' to re'er,oir i!>ecti,it* are t1e )ote!tial for co+)art+e!t' or flo-
affle' i! t1e target for+atio! a!# t1e effect of !ear--ell geoc1e+ical reactio!' t1at +a* li+it t1e '0'tai!e#
i!>ecti,it* of a gi,e! -ell. T1e'e factor' are/ 1o-e,er/ ge!erall* #iffic0lt to a''e'' at t1e 'cree!i!g 'tage 0!le''
t1e 'torage 'ite 1a' ee! '0>ect to oil or ga' #e,elo)+e!t.
3.2.4.3 &ontainment
At t1e 'cree!i!g 'tage co!tai!+e!t i' t*)icall* a''e''e# a'e# o! t1e for+atio! t*)e/ #e)t1/ t1ic(!e''/ a!#
lateral e"te!t of t1e )ri+ar* 'eal ao,e t1e target 'torage for+atio!/ a' -ell a' t1e #e!'it*/ #e)t1/ age/ #ata
a,ailailit* a!# #rilli!g/ co!'tr0ctio! a!# aa!#o!+e!t )roce#0re' for acti,e a!# aa!#o!e# -ell' i! t1e
regio!. Co!'i#eratio! '1o0l# al'o e gi,e! to t1e )ote!tial for !at0ral or i!#0ce# 'ei'+ic e,e!t' to create
lea(age )at1-a*'.
Ke* co!tai!+e!t 0!certai!tie' relate to t1e #egree a!# certai!t* of (!o-le#ge ao0t t1e'e )ara+eter' a!# t1e
co!tri0tio! fro+ t1e fo0r #iffere!t tra))i!g +ec1a!i'+' C'tr0ct0ral/ ca)illar*/ 'ol0ilit*/ a!# +i!eral
tra))i!g6 #0ri!g t1e life c*cle of t1e 'torage 'ite. To e,al0ate t1e 'ig!ifica!ce of t1e 0!certai!tie'/ t1e
re#0!#a!cie' i! t1e co!tai!+e!t '*'te+ Cfor e"a+)le t1e )re'e!ce of +0lti)le geological 'eal' a!# !0+er of
i!#e)e!#e!t -ell arrier'6 '1o0l# e ta(e! i!to acco0!t.
Gu'dan#e n&te?
A''e''+e!t of i!>ecti,it* i' al'o )artl* a co++ercial co!'i#eratio! 'i!ce lac( of re'er,oir i!>ecti,it* ca! ofte! e
+a!age# * i!crea'i!g t1e !0+er of i!>ectio! -ell'.
De)e!#i!g o! t1e a,ailailit* of #ata/ t1e a''e''+e!t of t1e re50ire+e!t' #efi!e# i! t1e Scree!i!g 8a'i' +a* e!tail
ac50i'itio! of #ata !ot rea#il* a,ailale Ce.g./ t1ro0g1 #rilli!g a!# collecti!g log' fro+ a! a))rai'al -ell6 a!#
#e#icate# +o#elli!g effort'. T1e !ee# for ac50i'itio! of a##itio!al #ata '1o0l# ala!ce t1e e!efit of re#0ci!g
0!certai!t* agai!'t t1e co't of t1e #ata ac50i'itio!. Si+ilarl* t1e !ee# for a!# 'co)e of +o#elli!g effort' at t1i' 'tage
'1o0l# reflect t1e !ee# for '0fficie!tl* ro0't a''e''+e!t' of ca)acit*/ i!>ecti,it* a!# co!tai!+e!t c1aracteri'tic' to
'0))ort t1e )rioritiIatio! of 'torage 'ite' for f0rt1er c1aracteriIatio!.
---e-!-#---of---G-0-i-#-a-!-c-e---!-o-t-e---
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.+ ,torage ,ite ,creening and ppraisal * 'age $/
,2/ R'(0 A((e((ment
The purpose of this step is to develop an initial ris6 register for each potential storage site within the conte7t
of the preceding uncertainty assessment.
T1e i!itial ri'( regi'ter '1o0l# e 0'e# for co+)ari'o! i! t1e follo-i!g 'electio! 'te) a!# '1o0l# e '0itale for
i!#e)e!#e!t a0#it a!# ,erificatio!.
See Sec.@.3 for a ri'( a''e''+e!t +et1o# #e'cri)tio! tailore# to )ote!tial 'torage 'ite'.
See Sec.A.3 for ')ecific co!'i#eratio!' -it1 re')ect to e"i'ti!g -ell'.
T1i' 'te) re)re'e!t' t1e fir't ri'( a''e''+e!t for t1e 'torage 'ite' ei!g 'cree!e# a!# t1e re'0lti!g ri'( regi'ter
'1o0l# for+ t1e a'i' for #oc0+e!ti!g t1e 1i'tor* of '0cce''i,e ri'( a''e''+e!t'. A! electro!ic ri'( #ataa'e
i' reco++e!#e# o,er a 'i+)le ')rea#'1eet i! or#er to (ee) trac( of c1a!ge' o,er ti+e a!# +a!age actio!' a!#
re')o!'iilitie' relate# to i!#i,i#0al ri'(' or gro0)' of ri'('.
T1e ri'( regi'ter '1o0l# #e'crie t1e +et1o#ologie' a!# tool' a))lie# to a''e'' a!# +a!age ri'('/ #efi!e t1e
co!'e50e!ce categorie' a!# #e'crie t1e ri'( e,al0atio! criteria for eac1 co!'e50e!ce categor* t0!e# to t1e
'co)e a!# o>ecti,e' of t1e )ro>ect. T1e ri'( e,al0atio! criteria ca! e!tail t1e 0'e of 50alitati,e or 50a!titati,e
li(eli1oo# a!# co!'e50e!ce cla''e'.
2or eac1 i#e!tifie# ri'(/ t1e i!itial ri'( regi'ter '1o0l# co!tai! t1e follo-i!g i!for+atio! fro+ t1e ri'(
a''e''+e!t3
4 a #e'cri)tio! of t1e )ote!tial ca0'e' a!# co!'e50e!ce' of t1e ri'(
4 t1e e'ti+ate# li(eli1oo# a!# 'e,erit* of )ote!tial co!'e50e!ce' efore ri'( treat+e!t
4 )referre# ri'( co!trol'
4 t1e e'ti+ate# li(eli1oo# a!# 'e,erit* of )ote!tial co!'e50e!ce' after )referre# ri'( co!trol' are
i+)le+e!te# toget1er -it1 a! e")la!atio! of t1e a'i' for t1e ri'( e,al0atio!
4 t1e !a+e' of t1e )eo)le a''ig!e# -it1 re')o!'iilit* to i+)le+e!t )referre# ri'( co!trol'
4 t1e ri'( o-!er.
Re,i'io!' to t1e ri'( regi'ter '1o0l# e #oc0+e!te# i! a tra!')are!t a!# traceale -a*. T1i' i!cl0#e'
#oc0+e!ti!g t1e a'i' a!# ratio!ale for re,i'io!'/ t1e #ate t1at ')ecific re,i'io!' -ere +a#e/ a!# * -1o+.
T1e ri'( regi'ter '1o0l# al'o trac( t1e effect of i+)le+e!te# ri'( treat+e!t/ al'o -1e! t1e effect i' i!
accor#a!ce -it1 )rior a''e''+e!t' of it' effecti,e!e''.
,21 @'le(t&ne @2? S#reen'n- Re.&rt and Sele#t'&n &" !r&(.e#t'*e St&ra-e S'te(
The purpose of this step is to select prospective storage sites from a ran6ed list of potential sites and document
the screening process in a $creening )eport.
Eac1 'torage 'ite '1o0l# e e,al0ate# agai!'t t1e re50ire+e!t' i! t1e Scree!i!g 8a'i'. T1e 'cree!i!g acti,itie'
'1o0l# e e,al0ate# agai!'t t1o'e #e'crie# i! t1e Scree!i!g Pla! a!# t1e c1ec(-li't i! Tale ?-2. T1e follo-i!g
co+)o!e!t' '1o0l# e collate# i! a Scree!i!g Re)ort/ -1ic1 '1o0l# 1ig1lig1t 0!certai!tie' a!# co!'trai!t' t1at
+ig1t e )0t o! i!>ectio! at eac1 'torage 'ite3
4 Scree!i!g 8a'i' #oc0+e!t
4 Scree!i!g Pla! #oc0+e!t
4 #ata collectio! a!# re,ie- fi!#i!g'
4 0!certai!t* a''e''+e!t fi!#i!g'
4 ri'( a''e''+e!t fi!#i!g'
4 e,al0atio! agai!'t t1e re50ire+e!t' i! t1e Scree!i!g 8a'i'.
If t1e e,al0atio!' are )o'iti,e for a 'torage 'ite t1e! it '1o0l# e regar#e# a' prospective a!# t1ere* 50alifie#
for 'torage 'ite a))rai'al.
If +ore t1a! o!e 'torage 'ite i' )ro')ecti,e/ t1e o)erator '1o0l# ta(e i!to acco0!t t1e re'0lt' of t1e )rece#i!g
0!certai!t* a!# ri'( a''e''+e!t' i! or#er to )rioriti'e '0'e50e!t a))rai'al -or(.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.+ ,torage ,ite ,creening and ppraisal * 'age $0
,3 A..ra'(al
,31 General
The purpose of this stage is to appraise prospective storage sites in detail and develop a well engineering
concept that provides the re/uired capacity! in5ectivity and containment.
A))rai'al '1o0l# e carrie# o0t for a )ortfolio of )ro')ecti,e 'torage 'ite' i! or#er to +i!i+i'e t1e ri'( of !ot
#i'co,eri!g a '0itale 'torage 'ite i! a gi,e! area.
T1e 'torage 'ite a))rai'al )roce'' '1all )ro,i#e a! o)erator -it1 e!o0g1 tec1!ical i!for+atio! to #eter+i!e
-1ic1 'torage 'ite' re+ai! )ro')ecti,e at Mile'to!e M3 i! 2ig0re 2-% a!# 'elect t1e e't ca!#i#ate. T1e
a))rai'al )roce'' '1all e #oc0+e!te# i! a! A))rai'al Re)ort.
If '0cce''f0l/ t1e a))rai'al )roce'' '1all )ro,i#e t1e i!for+atio! re50ire# to co+)ile a ro0't Storage Per+it
a))licatio!.
Ta)le ,:2 S#reen'n- #8e#0:l'(t
;
e
-
a
l
A

r
e
-
u
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y
A

(
&
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'
a
l

a
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d

#
&
m
m
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#
'
a
l
%
I' t1e reg0lator* )roce'' a!# t1e re50ire+e!t' for CO
2
geological 'torage i! t1e target regio!
0!#er'too# * t1e rele,a!t co+)ete!t )er'o!!elF
2
9a,e all a))licale legal a!# reg0lator* co!'trai!t' ee! i#e!tifie#/ e.g./ '0rfaceJ'0'0rface acce'' a!#
o-!er'1i)/ area' e"cl0#e# fro+ 'torage/ tra!'-o0!#ar* i''0e' a!# acce'' for f0t0re fiel# 't0#ie'/ '0c1
a' 'ei'+ic '0r,e*'F
3
9a,e all 'ocial a!# c0lt0ral co!'trai!t' t1at +a* i+)e#e t1e li(eli1oo# of )ro>ect a))ro,alJacce)ta!ce
ee! i#e!tifie# a!# a''e''e#/ i!cl0#i!g )0lic )erce)tio!' of CO
2
geological 'torage a!# relate# i''0e'
i! t1e regio!F
? 9a,e all )ote!tial co!flict' of 0'e of t1e '0rface a!# '0'0rface at t1e target regio! ee! i#e!tifie#F
<
9a,e t1e 'o0rce'/ ,ol0+e' a!# co+)o'itio!' of t1e CO
2
'trea+' to e i!>ecte# a!# 'tore# ee!
a#e50atel* #efi!e#F
@ 9a,e o))ort0!itie' for co't-effecti,e tra!')ort fro+ 'o0rce to 'i!( ee! a#e50atel* a''e''e#F
G
e
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e
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l
A
9a' t1e 'tratigra)1* at eac1 'torage 'ite ee! co+)ile# a!# #oc0+e!te#F
9a,e all )ote!tial 'torage re'er,oir'/ )ri+ar* 'eal' a!# for+atio!' t1at +a* re)re'e!t a co!flict of
i!tere't ee! i#e!tifie#F 2or e"a+)le 1*#rocaro! or gro0!#-ater eari!g for+atio!'.
9a,e 'tr0ct0ral a!# i'o)ac1 +a)' of i!>ectio! a!# co!fi!i!g Io!e' ee! e"a+i!e#F 2or e"a+)le
regio!al cro'' 'ectio!' a!# tecto!ic +a)'.
9a' t1e regio!al 1*#rogeolog* ee! 't0#ie#F
B
9a' '0fficie!t #ata o! t1e i!>ectio! Io!eC'6 ee! co+)ile# a!# re,ie-e#/ i!cl0#i!g #e)t1/ t1ic(!e''/
re'er,oir #i)/ lit1olog*/ )re''0re/ te+)erat0re/ )oro'it*/ )er+eailit*/ 'ali!it*/ +i!eralog*/ i!ter'titial
'1ale co!te!t a!# )ote!tial roc(-fl0i# i!teractio!'F
D
9a' '0fficie!t #ata o! eac1 co!fi!i!g Io!e ee! co+)ile# a!# re,ie-e#/ i!cl0#i!g #e)t1/ t1ic(!e''/
areal e"te!t/ lit1olog*/ ca)illar* )re''0re #ata/ a!# ot1er factor' t1at +a* affect i!tegrit* of t1e
co!fi!i!g Io!eC'6F
%0
Doe' t1e #ata re,ie-e# o! t1e co!fi!i!g Io!eC'6 Cfor e"a+)le fract0re 'tre!gt16 )ro,i#e a#e50ate
co!fi#e!ce i! t1e ailit* to e!'0re co!tai!+e!t of i!>ecte# CO
2
'trea+' to e!ale t1e #eci'io! to i!,e't
i! f0rt1er 'torage 'ite c1aracteriIatio!F
%%
Are t1e co!tri0tio!' fro+ t1e fo0r tra))i!g +ec1a!i'+' a#e50atel* 0!#er'too# at t1i' 'tage of t1e
)ro>ectF
%2
9a' 'torage ca)acit* a!# i!>ecti,it* of eac1 )ote!tial 'torage 'ite ee! e'ti+ate# a!# t1e le,el of
0!certai!t* i! t1e'e e'ti+ate' ee! 50a!tifie#F
%3
9a,e all e"i'ti!g -ell' -it1i! eac1 of t1e #eli!eate# area' for t1e )ote!tial 'torage 'ite' ee! i#e!tifie#
a!# t1e corre')o!#i!g -ell co+)letio! log' a!# -ell recor#' ee! otai!e#F
%?
9a' t1e i!#0'trial 1i'tor* of t1e )ote!tial 'torage 'ite' ee! re,ie-e#/ e.g./ +i!i!g/ gro0!#-ater
)ro#0ctio!/ #i')o'al of -a'te/ !at0ral a!# to-! ga' 'torage/ -ell aa!#o!+e!t 1i'tor*F
%< 9a,e all e!,iro!+e!tal a!# eco!o+ic rece)tor' '0rro0!#i!g t1e )ote!tial 'torage 'ite ee! i#e!tifie#F
%@
9a' rele,a!t e!,iro!+e!tal #ata re50ire# for 'cree!i!g ee! ac50ire# a!# re,ie-e#/ e.g./ +a)' or
regio!al gro0!#-ater/ '0rface -ater/ 'e!'iti,e terre'trial a!# +ari!e eco'*'te+'/ a!# la!# 0'e Cfor
o!'1ore 'torage 'ite'6F
%A
Ailit* to +o!itor t1e 'torage 'ite3 1a' it ee! e'tali'1e# t1at t1ere are !o o,io0' arrier' to effecti,e
+o!itori!gF
R
'
(
0
%B 9a,e all rele,a!t co!'e50e!ce categorie' ee! #efi!e#F
%D Are t1e )ro>ect ')ecific ri'( e,al0atio! criteria for t1e re')ecti,e co!'e50e!ce categorie' a))ro)riateF
20
Doe' t1e ri'( regi'ter co+)re1e!'i,el* #oc0+e!t 1o- ri'(' 1a,e ee! a''e''e# for eac1 ele+e!t of
co!cer!F
2%
I' t1e a'i' a!# ratio!ale for t1e e,al0atio! of i#e!tifie# ri'(' #oc0+e!te# i! a '0fficie!tl* tra!')are!t
-a* to '0))ort #iffere!tiatio! of )ote!tial 'torage 'ite' a'e# o! legal/ reg0lator*/ tec1!ical/
co++ercial/ 'ocial a!# c0lt0ral factor'F
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.+ ,torage ,ite ,creening and ppraisal * 'age $9
T1e follo-i!g 'te)' re)re'e!t a ge!eric reco++e!#atio! of a))rai'al acti,itie' a))licale to a!* regio!. T1e
'co)e of t1e 'te)' i' e")ecte# to ,ar* et-ee! regio!' #e)e!#i!g o! t1e 50alit* a!# 50a!tit* of e"i'ti!g #ata.
,32 A..ra'(al 5a('(
The purpose of the Appraisal .asis is to provide a common set of re/uirements against which all prospective
storage sites will be assessed at 0ilestone 0#.
T1e A))rai'al 8a'i' #oc0+e!t '1all i!cl0#e t1e re50ire+e!t' li'te# i! Tale ?-% a!# Tale ?-3 a' a +i!i+0+3
T1e A))rai'al 8a'i' #oc0+e!t '1o0l# al'o #e'crie t1e co!te"t i! -1ic1 t1e a))rai'al acti,it* i' ta(i!g )lace.
T1e co!te"t +a* e #e'crie# t1ro0g1 a!* a##itio!al re50ire+e!t' to t1e a))rai'al )roce'' i+)o'e# */ for
e"a+)le/ t1e follo-i!g3
4 t1e Storage Per+it
4 #rilli!g a!# -ell relate# )er+it'
4 )i)eli!e a!# '0rface i!fra'tr0ct0re )er+it'
4 t1e o)eratorG' i!ter!al +a!age+e!t )roce''e'
4 ot1er co++ercial 'ta(e1ol#er' i! t1e 'torage 'ite
4 i!#e)e!#e!t ,erificatio!
4 o)erator' of '0'0rface #e,elo)+e!t' ao,e or elo- t1e i!>ectio! Io!e/ or of !ear* '0'0rface
#e,elo)+e!t' t1at +a* e")erie!ce )re''0re co++0!icatio! origi!ati!g fro+ t1e )la!!e# 'torage o)eratio!
4 e+i''io!' tra#i!g 'c1e+e' i! -1ic1 t1e )ro>ect -i'1e' to )artici)ate
4 fi!a!cial i!,e'tor'
4 local co++0!itie' a!# la!#o-!er'.
To e!'0re t1at t1e re50ire+e!t' i+)o'e# * a!* of t1e ao,e are 0!#er'too# a!# )ro)erl* acco0!te# for i! t1e
a))rai'al )roce''/ t1e o)erator '1o0l# co!'0lt -it1 re)re'e!tati,e' fro+ eac1 gro0) of 'ta(e1ol#er' t1at i'
co!'i#ere# rele,a!t for t1e A))rai'al 'tage.
,33 A..ra'(al !lan
3.#.#.1 -eneral
The purpose of the Appraisal *lan is to describe the intended appraisal activities at each prospective storage
site! the scope of each of the following steps and the activities that the operator intends to carry out in each step.
T1e acti,itie' '1all e a))ro)riate for t1e t*)e of #ata t1at -ill e 0'e# a!# t1e le,el of #etail re50ire# for
co+)ari'o! agai!'t t1e re50ire+e!t' 'et o0t i! t1e A))rai'al 8a'i'. T1e A))rai'al Pla! '1all i!cl0#e t-o
co+)o!e!t'3
4 a Tec1!ical A))rai'al Pla!
4 a! A))rai'al Co++0!icatio! Pla!.
3.#.#.2 Technical Appraisal *lan
T1i' #oc0+e!t '1all #e'crie 1o- 'torage 'ite c1aracteriIatio! a!# +o#elli!g acti,itie' -ill e )erfor+e# for
eac1 )ro')ecti,e 'torage 'ite i! or#er to )ro,i#e t1e tec1!ical a'i' for t1e 'torage 'ite a!# -ell e!gi!eeri!g
co!ce)t 'electio!.
T1e Tec1!ical A))rai'al Pla! '1all ta(e i!to acco0!t t1e (!o-le#ge gai!e# #0ri!g 'torage 'ite 'cree!i!g a!#
i!cl0#e3
4 a #e'cri)tio! of a##itio!al #ata !ee#' i! or#er to #e+o!'trate co+)lia!ce -it1 t1e re50ire+e!t' i! t1e
A))rai'al 8a'i'.
Ta)le ,:3 Re2u'rement( t& .r&(.e#t'*e (t&ra-e ('te( t8at (8all )e 'n#luded 'n t8e A..ra'(al 5a('( <'n add't'&n
t8&(e l'(ted 'n Ta)le ,:1=
<6 A re50ire+e!t for a #oc0+e!te#
Eell E!gi!eeri!g Co!ce)t t1at
'1all3
a6 e!ale 'torage of re50ire# ,ol0+e' of CO
2
6 e!ale 'torage at re50ire# rate' of i!>ectio!
c6 )ro,i#e lo!g-ter+ co!tai!+e!t alo!g !e- a!# e"i'ti!g -ellore'
@6 A re50ire+e!t for #oc0+e!te# e,i#e!ce t1at '0fficie!t a'eli!e #ata ca! e ac50ire# )rior to 'tart of CO
2
i!>ectio!
o)eratio!' to e!ale #iffere!tiatio! of c1a!ge' i! e!,iro!+e!tal rece)tor' attri0tale to CO
2
i!>ectio! fro+ c1a!ge'
attri0tale to )re-i!>ectio! ac(gro0!# ,ariatio! or to !at0ral or ot1er a!t1ro)oge!ic 'o0rce'
A6 A re50ire+e!t for #oc0+e!te# e,i#e!ce t1at '0rface a!# '0'0rface co!#itio!' '1all allo- i+)le+e!tatio! of
co+)re1e!'i,e a!# co't-effecti,e +o!itori!g ca)ale of #etecti!g )o''ile #e,iatio!' fro+ )la!!e# o)eratio!'
'0fficie!tl* earl* to allo- for ti+el* i+)le+e!tatio! of ri'( treat+e!t
B6 A re50ire+e!t for e,i#e!ce t1at
'i+0latio! +o#el' e"i't t1at 1a,e
'0fficie!t ')atial a!# te+)oral
re'ol0tio! to )ro,i#e a a'i' for3
a6 ri'( +a!age+e!t of t1e 'torage 'ite #0ri!g !or+al o)eratio!'
6 clo'0re of t1e 'torage 'ite follo-i!g #e+o!'tratio! of co!for+a!ce -it1
+o!itori!g o'er,atio!'
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.+ ,torage ,ite ,creening and ppraisal * 'age $:
4 a #e'cri)tio! of 1o- t1e a##itio!al #ata !ee#' '1all e +et
4 a #e'cri)tio! of 1o- +o#elli!g 't0#ie' '1all )ro,i#e a! 0!#er'ta!#i!g of CO
2
tra))i!g +ec1a!i'+' a!#
t1eir i!teractio! a!# reliailit* Cfor e"a+)le 'tr0ct0ral tra))i!g/ re'i#0al CO
2
Cca)illar*6 tra))i!g/
'ol0ilit* tra))i!g a!# +i!eral tra))i!g6
4 a #e'cri)tio! of 1o- t1e le,el of 0!certai!t* attac1e# to t1e re50ire+e!t' i! t1e A))rai'al 8a'i' '1all e
+o#elle# a!# 50a!tifie# t1ro0g1 'e!'iti,it* 't0#ie' or 'ce!ario a!al*'e'
4 a #e'cri)tio! of 1o- all rele,a!t e!,iro!+e!tal rece)tor' at eac1 'torage 'ite '1all e i#e!tifie#
4 a #e'cri)tio! of 1o- t1e e!,iro!+e!tal i+)act li+it' of t1e rece)tor' -ill e #eter+i!e# -it1 re')ect to
)re''0re #i')er'io! a!# )ote!tial i!gre'' * CO
2
/ #i''ol,e# 'oli#' or ot1er #i')lace# ga' or fl0i# re'0lti!g
fro+ t1e 'torage o)eratio!'
4 a #e'cri)tio! of 1o- e"i'ti!g -ell' -ill e 50alifie#/ if )re'e!t
4 a #e'cri)tio! of t1e a'eli!e +o!itori!g #ata t1at -ill e collecte# a!# 1o- t1i' #ata )ro,i#e' a a'i' for
a''e''i!g 'torage 'ite )erfor+a!ce agai!'t t1e re50ire+e!t' i! t1e A))rai'al 8a'i'
4 a )reli+i!ar* #efi!itio! of t1e ,ertical a!# lateral o0!#arie' of t1e storage comple7 a!# in5ection 8one at
eac1 )ro')ecti,e 'torage 'ite.
$torage comple7 and in5ection 8one definition
T1e )0r)o'e of #efi!i!g t1e 'torage co+)le" a!# i!>ectio! Io!e i! t1e Tec1!ical A))rai'al Pla! i' to foc0' t1e
'ite c1aracteriIatio! effort'/ t1o0g1 it i' recog!iIe# t1at t1e'e #efi!itio!' +a* e +o#ifie# i! lig1t of t1e 'ite
c1aracteriIatio! re'0lt'.
Vertical o0!#arie' '1all e #efi!e# '0c1 t1at t1e 'torage co+)le" i!cl0#e'/ at lea't/ t1e i!>ectio! Io!e a!# t1e
)ri+ar* 'eal. If eco!o+ic or e!,iro!+e!tal rece)tor' are )re'e!t elo- t1e i!>ectio! Io!e/ t1e! t1e 'torage
co+)le" '1all al'o i!cl0#e a Io!e elo- t1e i!>ectio! Io!e t1at 'e)arate' t1e i!>ectio! Io!e fro+ t1e'e
rece)tor'.
$ateral o0!#arie' '1all e #efi!e# '0c1 t1at co!fi#e!ce ca! e e'tali'1e# t1at t1e CO
2
)l0+e -ill e
co!tai!e# -it1i! t1e 'torage co+)le" t1ro0g1o0t t1e )ro>ect life c*cle.
Gu'dan#e n&te?
A! o)erator '1all #eter+i!e if e"ec0tio! of t1e Tec1!ical A))rai'al Pla! '1all re50ire e")loratio! t*)e )er+it' for
co!#0cti!g/ for e"a+)le/ 'ei'+ic #ata ac50i'itio! or #rilli!g a!# -ell te'ti!g.
---e-!-#---of---G-0-i-#-a-!-c-e---!-o-t-e---
Appraisal &ommunication *lan
T1e A))rai'al Co++0!icatio! Pla! '1all #e'crie 1o- t1e o)erator i!te!#' to co++0!icate -it1 t1e rele,a!t
'ta(e1ol#er' t1at i!fl0e!ce# t1e re50ire+e!t' i! t1e A))rai'al 8a'i'.
E"ec0ti!g t1e co++0!icatio! )la! '1all 1el) a! o)erator gai! a! 0!#er'ta!#i!g of a!* )refere!ce' t1e
reg0lator +a* 1a,e for -1ic1 'torage 'ite to 'elect.
T1e A))rai'al Co++0!icatio! Pla! '1all3
4 #e+o!'trate t1at t1e o)erator 1a' t1e ailit* a!# a+itio! to +a!age t1e 'electe# 'torage 'ite i! a 'afe a!#
re')o!'ile -a* a!# i! co+)lia!ce -it1 reg0latio!'
4 #e'crie t1e o)eratorG' 0!#er'ta!#i!g of CO
2
'torage o))ort0!itie' a!# ri'(' i! t1e regio! a'e# o! t1e
fi!#i!g' fro+ 'torage 'ite 'cree!i!g
4 #e'crie t1e re50ire+e!t' t1at t1e o)erator 1a' i!cl0#e# i! t1e A))rai'al 8a'i'.
T1e A))rai'al Co++0!icatio! Pla! +a* #efi!e #iffere!t co++0!icatio! goal' for #iffere!t 'ta(e1ol#er'. 2or
e"a+)le t1e la't t-o 0llet )oi!t' ao,e +a* o!l* e rele,a!t for t1e reg0lator.
Gu'dan#e n&te?
Sta(e1ol#er co++0!icatio! a!# co!'0ltatio! #0ri!g 'torage 'ite a))rai'al '1all ai+ to )ro,i#e i!tere'te# )artie' -it1
o>ecti,e/ fact0al/ rele,a!t a!# 0!#er'ta!#ale i!for+atio! ao0t CCS i! ge!eral a!# ao0t t1e )ro>ect i! )artic0lar/
i!cl0#i!g t1e !at0re a!# #egree of 0!#er'ta!#i!g of (!o-! or )ercei,e# ri'('. I! )artic0lar/ 'ta(e1ol#er
co++0!icatio! a!# co!'0ltatio! '1all ai+ to e!'0re t1at 'ta(e1ol#erG' )erce)tio!' of ri'(' a!# t1eir ,al0e'/ attit0#e'/
!ee#'/ a''0+)tio!'/ a!# co!cer!' t1at +a* i+)act 'torage 'ite a!# i!>ectio! co!ce)t 'electio! are i#e!tifie#/ recor#e#/
a#e50atel* 0!#er'too# a!# a))ro)riatel* co!'i#ere#.
---e-!-#---of---G-0-i-#-a-!-c-e---!-o-t-e---
,3, C8ara#ter'Bat'&n
The purpose of this step is to perform the appraisal activities detailed in the Appraisal *lan in order to
characteri8e the storage sites with respect to the re/uirements in the Appraisal .asis.
T1i' 'te) re)re'e!t' t1e i!itial )1a'e of 'torage 'ite c1aracteriIatio!/ -1ic1 '1all e iterati,el* i+)ro,e#
t1ro0g1o0t t1e life c*cle of a 'torage 'ite i! or#er to '0))ort )ro)er a!# co!ti!0o0' ri'( +a!age+e!t. :!li(e
t1e Data Collectio! a!# Re,ie- 'te) #0ri!g 'cree!i!g/ t1i' 'te) +a* i!,ol,e t1e ac50i'itio! a!# a!al*'i' of
!e- #ata i! or#er to #eter+i!e t1e rele,a!t )1*'ical )ro)ertie' of a gi,e! 'torage 'ite.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.+ ,torage ,ite ,creening and ppraisal * 'age "#
E"a+)le' of t1e t*)e' of #ata t1at +a* e ac50ire# a!# t1e i!for+atio! t1at +a* e #eri,e# fro+ eac1 are gi,e!
i! A))e!#i" A.
T1e o)erator '1all )ro#0ce a 'torage 'ite C1aracteriIatio! Re)ort t1at #oc0+e!t' t1e follo-i!g3
4 t1e 'torage 'ite c1aracteriIatio! acti,itie' t1at 1a,e ee! carrie# o0t/ a #e'cri)tio! of t1e #ata t1at 1a' ee!
'electe# a!# of it' 50alit*/ a!# t1e o)eratorG' co!cl0'io!' fro+ t1i' -or(
4 t1at 'torage 'ite c1aracteriIatio! 1a' ee! co!#0cte# i! accor#a!ce -it1 t1e )ri!ci)le' li'te# i! t1e
i!tro#0ctio! to t1i' 'ectio!
4 -1ic1 'torage 'ite' re+ai! )ro')ecti,e a!# -1* ot1er' +a* !o lo!ger e co!'i#ere#
4 t1e re'o0rce' C)er'o!!el a!# tool'6 a))lie# to )erfor+ t1e 'torage 'ite c1aracteriIatio! acti,itie'/ i!cl0#i!g
t1e e")erti'e of t1e )er'o!!el i!,ol,e#
4 t1e o>ecti,e a!# !at0re of a!* co!'0ltatio! )roce'' -it1 reg0lator' or e"ter!al 'ta(e1ol#er'
4 a!* !at0ral or i!#0'trial a!alog0e' t1at 1a,e ee! 0'e# a' refere!ce' to 0!#er)i! t1e '0itailit* of a
)ro')ecti,e 'torage 'ite/ i!cl0#i!g a!* #iffere!ce' i! t1e a!alog* t1at +a* lea# to +i'i!ter)retatio! of t1e
a!al*'i'
4 t1e 'torage 'ite c1aracteriIatio! i' '0fficie!t to '0))ort t1e 'torage 'ite 'electio! #eci'io! at Mile'to!e M3
i! 2ig0re 2-%.
A '*!o)'i' of t1e C1aracteriIatio! Re)ort '1o0l# e +a#e a,ailale to e"ter!al 'ta(e1ol#er'.
D0ri!g t1e life c*cle of a 'torage 'ite t1e C1aracteriIatio! Re)ort '1all e 0)#ate# a' !e- #ata eco+e'
a,ailale a!# '1all e re,ie-e# for co+)lete!e'' a!# acc0rac* )rior to or #0ri!g '0cce''i,e ri'( a''e''+e!t'.
,3$ @&dell'n-
3.#.4.1 -eneral
The purpose of this step is to predict the future performance of a given storage site through numerical
modelling that shall simulate as closely as possible the physical processes relevant to CO
2
storage.
Storage 'ite +o#elli!g '1all3
4 e a))ro)riate a!# rele,a!t to t1e re50ire+e!t' i! t1e A))rai'al 8a'i'
4 )ro,i#e i!for+atio! t1at '0))ort' ri'( a!al*'i'
4 e fit for )0r)o'e i! or#er to )re#ict 1*#ro#*!a+ic/ geoc1e+ical/ t1er+al a!# geo+ec1a!ical effect' of t1e
CO
2
i!>ectio! a!# 'torage o)eratio!'.
T1i' 'te) '1all i!cl0#e t1e follo-i!g acti,itie'3
4 co!'tr0ctio! of a #igital t1ree-#i+e!'io!al geological model Cor a 'et of '0c1 +o#el'6 for eac1 )ro')ecti,e
'torage 'ite
4 flow modelling 0'i!g a 'et of #igital t1ree-#i+e!'io!al !0+erical 'i+0latio! +o#el' t1at are co!'i'te!t -it1
t1e geological +o#elC'6 a!# '0ite# to e,al0ate )o''ile CO
2
flo- 'ce!ario'/ effect' of tra))i!g
+ec1a!i'+'/ t1e )re''0re a!# te+)erat0re re')o!'e o,er ti+e/ a!# t1e effecti,e!e'' of ri'( treat+e!t
o)tio!'
4 geochemical modelling of )ote!tial geoc1e+ical effect' o! i!>ectio! Io!e Cca)acit* a!# i!>ecti,it*6/
)ri+ar* 'eal Cco!tai!+e!t6/ a!# -ell' C-ell i!tegrit* a!# !ee# for ri'( treat+e!t6
4 geomechanical modelling of )re''0re- or te+)erat0re-i!#0ce# 'tre'' c1a!ge' t1at ca! i+)act t1e i!tegrit*
of t1e )ri+ar* 'eal or -ell'/ t1e +ag!it0#e of gro0!# '0rface #efor+atio!/ a!# t1e )ote!tial fre50e!c* a!#
+ag!it0#e of a!* i!#0ce# 'ei'+icit*
4 co+)ilatio! of a 'torage 'ite 0odelling )eport t1at i!cl0#e' a #e'cri)tio! of 1o- t1e co0)li!g et-ee!
+o#el' i' 1a!#le#. T1i' #e'cri)tio! '1o0l# a##re'' co0)le# flo- a!# geo+ec1a!ical effect' o! )re''0re
a!# te+)erat0re e1a,io0r a!# geoc1e+ical alteratio! of )oro'it* a!# )er+eailit* t1at +a* i+)act flo-
a!# i!>ecti,it*.
3.#.4.2 -eological model
T1e geological +o#elC'6 '1all i!cl0#e a #igital/ t1ree #i+e!'io!al #e'cri)tio! of t1e follo-i!g c1aracteri'tic'3
4 o,er0r#e! 'tratigra)1* a!# 1*#rogeolog* i!cl0#i!g )re''0re' a!# fl0i# co+)o'itio!'
4 areal a!# ,ertical li+it' of all for+atio!' -it1i! 'torage co+)le"/ i!cl0#i!g/ if a))licale/ t1e 1*#ra0lic
co!!ecte# )ore ')ace -it1i! -1ic1 t1e i!>ectio! Io!e i' locate# a!# )re''0re co++0!icatio! ca! e
+ea'0re#
4 e"i'ti!g -ell' t1at )e!etrate t1e 'torage co+)le"
4 eco!o+ic or e!,iro!+e!tal rece)tor' ao,e a!# elo- 'torage co+)le"
4 'tr0ct0re of t1e )1*'ical tra) Cgeo+etr* of i!terface et-ee! t1e i!>ectio! Io!e a!# t1e )ri+ar* 'eal6
4 geo+ec1a!ical a!# geoc1e+ical )ro)ertie' of t1e i!>ectio! Io!e a!# )ri+ar* 'eal
4 !et )oro'it* a!# )er+eailit* of all )er+eale geological for+atio!' -it1i! t1e 'torage co+)le"
4 geological fa0lt' or 'tr0ct0ral feat0re' i! t1e 'torage co+)le" t1at +a* re)re'e!t a ri'( to lo!g-ter+
co!tai!+e!t.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.+ ,torage ,ite ,creening and ppraisal * 'age "$
T1e geological +o#el '1o0l# 1a,e a! a))ro)riate ')atial re'ol0tio! to )ro,i#e a a'i' for creati!g flo-/
geoc1e+ical a!# geo+ec1a!ical 'i+0latio! +o#el' '0ite# to ca)t0re t1e rele,a!t )1*'ical )roce''e' a!# +eet
t1eir i!te!t' a' o0tli!e# i! Sectio!' ?.3.<.3/ ?.3.<.?/ a!# ?.3.<.< elo-.
:!certai!tie' a''ociate# -it1 geological +o#el' '1all e a''e''e#. 2oc0' '1all e )0t o! a''e''i!g 0!certai!t*
relate# to feat0re' a!# )ara+eter' t1at 1a,e a! i+)act o! t1e re50ire+e!t' i! t1e A))rai'al 8a'i'. E1e!
a''e''i!g t1e 0!certai!t* ')a!/ t1e o)erator '1all i#e!tif* a!# e,al0ate e't-ca'e a!# -or't-ca'e 'ce!ario'. T1e
o)erator '1all al'o 'tate -1at effort' -ill e +a#e #0ri!g e,e!t0al o)eratio! of a 'torage 'ite to re#0ce t1e
0!certai!t* i! t1e geological +o#el f0rt1er * calirati!g )ara+eter' -it1 o'er,atio!'.
3.#.4.# 1low modelling
2lo- +o#elli!g '1all )ro,i#e 50a!titati,e a!# a0#itale )re#ictio!' of t1e follo-i!g3
4 '0'0rface +o,e+e!t/ e"te!t a!# fate Ctra))i!g +ec1a!i'+6 of i!>ecte# CO
2
'trea+'
4 '0'0rface +o,e+e!t a!# fate of for+atio! fl0i#' t1at -ill e #i')lace# * CO
2
i!>ectio!
4 )re''0re 0il#-0) a' a re'0lt of t1e CO
2
i!>ectio! a!# 'torage o)eratio! o,er ti+e
4 e,ol0tio! of te+)erat0re #i'tri0tio! i! i!>ectio! Io!e o,er ti+e
4 effecti,e!e'' of 'eco!#ar* 'tr0ct0ral tra))i!g a!# ca)illar* a!# #i''ol0tio! tra))i!g
4 effecti,e!e'' of ri'( treat+e!t o)tio!'
4 )ara+eter 'e!'iti,itie' Ci!fl0e!ce of )ara+eter )ert0ratio!' o! )re#ictio!'6
4 #etectio! t1re'1ol#' for +o!itori!g +ea'0re+e!t' to e!ale ti+el* i+)le+e!tatio! of ri'( treat+e!t.
2lo- +o#elli!g '1all al'o )ro,i#e a a'i' for t1e follo-i!g3
4 caliratio! of t1e geological +o#el a!# CO
2
flo- )ara+eter' agai!'t o'er,atio!' Cfor e"a+)le fro+
i!>ectio! te't'6
4 #e'ig! a!# e,al0atio! of -ell e!gi!eeri!g co!ce)t' Cfor e"a+)le t1e !0+er a!# t*)e of -ell'/ -ell
')aci!g/ etc.6
4 #e'ig! a!# la*o0t of +o!itori!g a!# )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' for +o!itori!g tec1!ologie' C'e!'iti,itie'
a!# ')atial a!# te+)oral re'ol0tio! a!# co,erage6.
M0lti)le !0+erical flo- 'i+0latio!' '1all e )erfor+e# a'e# o! #iffere!t geo-'tati'tical re)re'e!tatio!' of t1e
geolog* i! or#er to allo- e'ti+atio! of ,ariailit* of t1e (e* o0t)0t )ara+eter'. T1e ')atial a!# te+)oral
re'ol0tio! of t1e 'i+0latio! +o#el' '1all e #e'ig!e# to reflect t1e reliailit* of t1e #ata/ a!# to ca)t0re t1e
flo- )roce''e' at ')atial a!# te+)oral 'cale' rele,a!t for3
4 #e+o!'trati!g co+)lia!ce -it1 t1e re50ire+e!t' i! t1e A))rai'al 8a'i'
4 '0))orti!g ri'( a!al*'i' acti,itie'
4 #e+o!'trati!g t1e )er+a!e!ce of 'torage.
Gu'dan#e n&te?
It co0l# gi,e a +i'lea#i!g i+)re''io! of t1e )re#icti,e ailit* of t1e +o#el to )erfor+ 1ig1-re'ol0tio! 'i+0latio!' if
t1ere i' '0'ta!tial 0!certai!t* i! t1e geological #e'cri)tio!. T1e )referre# re'ol0tio! -ill/ 1o-e,er/ #e)e!# o! t1e
ca)ailitie' of 'i+0lator' a,ailale/ a!# al'o o! t1e re'ol0tio! of t1e geological +o#el.
A ,ariet* of 'i+0lator' ca! e e+)lo*e# for !0+erical 'i+0latio! of CO
2
geological 'torage. I! ge!eral/ 'i+0latio!
re'0lt' '1all e re)ro#0cile. 9o-e,er/ #iffere!t 'i+0lator' +a* )ro#0ce #iffere!t re'0lt'/ #e)e!#i!g o! t1e )1*'ical
+o#el Ce.g./ t-o-)1a'e flo- +o#el or co+)o'itio!al flo- +o#el6 a!# t1e !0+erical algorit1+' t1at are 0'e# i! t1e
'i+0latio!'. T10'/ i! or#er to allo- ,erificatio! of 'i+0latio! re'0lt'/ t1e o)erator '1all e rea#* to ')ecif* -1ic1
'i+0lator 1a' ee! e+)lo*e# a!# +a(e all a''0+)tio!'/ ,ariale' a!# i!)0t #ata a,ailale.
---e-!-#---of---G-0-i-#-a-!-c-e---!-o-t-e---
3.#.4.3 -eochemical modelling
T1e +ai! o>ecti,e of geoc1e+ical +o#elli!g for CO
2
geological 'torage i' to e!1a!ce t1e 0!#er'ta!#i!g of
)ote!tial geoc1e+ical effect' o! 'torage ca)acit*/ i!>ecti,it* a!# co!tai!+e!t. To t1i' e!#/ geoc1e+ical
+o#el' '1all e 0ilt to )ro,i#e i!'ig1t' i!to t1e c1e+ical reacti,it* of t1e follo-i!g co+)o!e!t' of t1e 'torage
'ite3
4 t1e i!>ectio! Io!e Cfor e,al0atio! of )ote!tial effect' o! ca)acit* a!# i!>ecti,it*6
4 )ri+ar* 'eal Cfor e,al0atio! of )ote!tial effect' o! co!tai!+e!t6
4 -ell' t1at +a* e")erie!ce co!tact -it1 CO
2
or CO
2
-c1arge# for+atio! fl0i#' Cto e,al0ate t1e )ote!tial for
#egra#atio! of -ell i!tegrit* a!# t1e !ee# for a''ociate# ri'( treat+e!t6.
4 T1e geoc1e+ical +o#elli!g '1all e )erfor+e# for i!-'it0 )re''0re a!# te+)erat0re co!#itio!' a!# acco0!t
for )re''0re a!# te+)erat0re c1a!ge' )re#icte# fro+ flo- +o#elli!g.
Gu'dan#e n&te?
T1e co+)o'itio! of t1e CO
2
'trea+ to e i!>ecte# '1all e #efi!e# * t1e o)erator )rior to +o#elli!g geoc1e+ical
reactio!'.
---e-!-#---of---G-0-i-#-a-!-c-e---!-o-t-e---
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.+ ,torage ,ite ,creening and ppraisal * 'age ""
&hemical reactivity of the in5ection 8one
Geoc1e+ical +o#elli!g of t1e i!>ectio! Io!e '1all e carrie# o0t a!# +a* a''0+e t1at flo- i' tra!')ort
#o+i!ate# a!# )ro,i#e #ata relate# to3
4 t1e i!itial geoc1e+ical c1aracteri'tic' of t1e i!>ectio! Io!e at i!-'it0 )re''0re a!# te+)erat0re
4 effect of geoc1e+ical i!teractio!' C#e1*#ratio!/ #i''ol0tio! a!# )reci)itatio! reactio!'6 -it1 t1e CO
2
'trea+ o! 'torage ca)acit* a!# i!>ecti,it*
4 c1a!ge i! for+atio! fl0i# co+)o'itio! a!# )1a'e e1a,ior.
&hemical reactivity of the primary seal
Geoc1e+ical +o#elli!g of t1e )ri+ar* 'eal '1all e carrie# o0t a!# +a* a''0+e #iff0'io! #o+i!ate# tra!')ort
i! t1e +atri" a!# flo- #o+i!ate# tra!')ort alo!g #i'co!ti!0itie'. T1e geoc1e+ical +o#elli!g of t1e )ri+ar*
'eal +a* )ro,i#e i!for+atio! relate# to3
4 t1e i!itial geoc1e+ical c1aracteri'tic' of t1e )ri+ar* 'eal at i!-'it0 )re''0re a!# te+)erat0re
4 )ote!tial geoc1e+ical reactio!' Ca!# e"te!t of c1e+ical reacti,it*6 et-ee! t1e i!>ecte# CO
2
'trea+ or a
CO
2
c1arge# for+atio! fl0i# a!# t1e roc(' a!# +i!eral' i! t1e )ri+ar* 'eal
4 t1e 'ig!ifica!ce of geoc1e+ical reactio!' o! t1e ca)acit* of t1e )ri+ar* 'eal to e!'0re lo!g-ter+
co!tai!+e!t.
&hemical reactivity of materials in wells
A!al*'i' a!# geoc1e+ical +o#elli!g '1all e )erfor+e# for -ell' t1at +a* e e")o'e# to CO
2
-'at0rate# ri!e
or -ater-'at0rate# CO
2
to a''e'' t1e )ote!tial i+)act of geoc1e+ical reactio!' o! -ell +aterial i!tegrit*. Eell'
fo0!# )ro!e to #e,elo) #efect' t1at )re'e!t a 'ig!ifica!t ri'( to -ell i!tegrit* '1all e 't0#ie# f0rt1er to
#eter+i!e t1e !ee# for )riorit* +o!itori!g a!# ri'( treat+e!t. T1e )roce'' of a''e''i!g ri'( co!tri0tio!' fro+
-ell' a!# i#e!tif*i!g a))ro)riate ri'( treat+e!t i' f0rt1er #e'crie# i! Sec.A.
3.#.4.4 -eomechanical modelling
T1e o)erator '1all carr* o0t geo+ec1a!ical +o#elli!g to #eter+i!e t1e )ote!tial for t1e follo-i!g effect' at a
gi,e! 'torage 'ite3
4 )re''0re- or te+)erat0re-i!#0ce# 'tre'' c1a!ge' to i+)act t1e i!tegrit* of t1e )ri+ar* 'eal a!# t1e
'ig!ifica!ce of a!* )ote!tial geo+ec1a!ical effect' relati,e to lo!g-ter+ co!tai!+e!t Cfor e"a+)le
te+)erat0re i!#0ce# 'tre'' c1a!ge' aro0!# t1e i!>ectio! -ellore6
4 gro0!# '0rface #efor+atio! Ce.g./ 1ea,e6 a!# )ote!tial for i!#0ce# 'ei'+icit* a' a re'0lt of CO
2
i!>ectio!
a!# 'torage o)eratio!' a!# t1e re')ecti,e 'ig!ifica!ce relati,e to geo+ec1a!ical 'tailit*.
I! area' t1at 1a,e ee! '0>ect to )re,io0' '0'0rface #e,elo)+e!t' Coil a!# ga' )ro#0ctio!/ !at0ral ga'
'torage/ geot1er+al e!erg* co!,er'io!/ etc.6 t1at +a* 1a,e i!#0ce# 'tre'' effect' o! t1e 'torage co+)le"/ t1e
geo+ec1a!ical +o#elli!g +0't al'o a##re'' 1i'torical )re''0re- a!# te+)erat0re i!#0ce# 'tre'' c1a!ge' a' -ell
a' c1a!ge' )re#icte# for t1e CO
2
i!>ectio! o)eratio!'.
T1e geo+ec1a!ical eart1 +o#el to e 0'e# '1all i!cl0#e/ at lea't/ a 'i+)lifie# re)re'e!tatio! of t1e o,er0r#e!
a!# a +ore #etaile# re)re'e!tatio! of t1e 'torage co+)le".
T1e geo+etr* of t1e geo+ec1a!ical eart1 +o#el '1all e a'e# o! t1e ')atial #i'tri0tio! of 'trata a'
re)re'e!te# i! t1e )ro>ectG' geological +o#el C'ee Sec.?.3.<.26.
T1e 'trata i! t1e +o#el '1all e )o)0late# -it1 t1e +ec1a!ical )ro)ertie' a!# i!-'it0 'tre''e' t1at '1all 1a,e
ee! #eter+i!e# #0ri!g t1e Site C1aracteriIatio! 'te).
3.#.4.9 0odelling )eport
T1i' re)ort '1all #oc0+e!t t1e re'0lt' of t1e +o#elli!g 'te) a!# )ro,i#e rele,a!t i!)0t to t1e ri'( a''e''+e!t
a!# Eell E!gi!eeri!g Co!ce)t.
,3/ R'(0 A((e((ment
The purpose of this step is to assess the ris6s associated with each prospective storage site with respect to the
re/uirements in the Appraisal .asis and in light of the $ite &haracteri8ation and modelling results.
T1e fi!#i!g' of t1i' ri'( a''e''+e!t '1all e #oc0+e!te# i! a! A))rai'al Ri'( A''e''+e!t Re)ort a!# recor#e#
i! t1e )ro>ect ri'( regi'ter t1at -a' reco++e!#e# to e e'tali'1e# #0ri!g Storage Site Scree!i!g CSec.%.<6.
T1e'e fi!#i!g' '1all e 0'e# to '0))ort #eci'io!' ao0t t1e co+)lete!e'' of t1e A))rai'al 'tage a!# t1e
50alificatio! of )ro')ecti,e 'torage 'ite' for Storage Per+it a))licatio!.
See Sec.@.3 for a ri'( a''e''+e!t +et1o# #e'cri)tio! tailore# to )ote!tial 'torage 'ite'.
See Sec.A.3 for ')ecific co!'i#eratio!' -it1 re')ect to e"i'ti!g -ell'.
T1e ri'( a''e''+e!t criteria '1all e co!'i'te!t -it1 t1e re50ire+e!t' i! t1e A))rai'al 8a'i' '0c1 t1at
acce)tailit* or tolerailit* of all ri'(' i!#icate' co+)lia!ce -it1 t1e'e re50ire+e!t'.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.+ ,torage ,ite ,creening and ppraisal * 'age "%
,31 A..ra'(al Re*'e6
The purpose of this step is to review the completeness of the Appraisal process and determine if the
characteristics of each storage site are ade/uately understood to support the /ualification of one or more
storage sites for $torage *ermit application. The findings shall be documented in an Appraisal review
document.
T1e o)erator '1all a''e'' if t1e le,el of 0!#er'ta!#i!g of eac1 )ro')ecti,e 'torage 'ite i' '0fficie!t to e!ale a
co+)re1e!'i,e e,al0atio! of co+)lia!ce -it1 t1e A))rai'al 8a'i' re50ire+e!t'/ a!# if 'o/ carr* o0t t1i'
e,al0atio!. T1e'e actio!' +a* lea# to o!e of t1e follo-i!g o0tco+e'/ -1ic1 '1all e #oc0+e!te# i! t1e
A))rai'al re,ie- #oc0+e!t3
4 if t1e o)erator co!cl0#e' t1at t1ere i' i!'0fficie!t 0!#er'ta!#i!g of a gi,e! 'torage 'ite/ t1e! f0rt1er
c1aracteriIatio! -or(/ +o#elli!g a!# ri'( a''e''+e!t '1all e carrie# o0t 0!til a '0fficie!t le,el of
0!#er'ta!#i!g i' reac1e#. T1e A))rai'al 8a'i' a!# Pla! '1all al'o e re,ie-e# to #eter+i!e if t1e* are
a))ro)riatel* #efi!e# a!# 1a,e ee! a#e50atel* e"ec0te# for t1e 'torage 'iteC'6 i! 50e'tio!
4 if t1e o)erator co!cl0#e' t1at t1ere i' '0fficie!t 0!#er'ta!#i!g of a gi,e! 'torage 'ite/ 0t t1e e,al0atio!
agai!'t t1e A))rai'al 8a'i' re50ire+e!t' i' !egati,e/ t1e! t1e 'torage 'ite i! 50e'tio! '1all !ot 50alif* to
a))l* for a Storage Per+it
4 if t1e o)erator co!cl0#e' t1at t1ere i' '0fficie!t 0!#er'ta!#i!g of a gi,e! 'torage 'ite a!# t1e e,al0atio!
agai!'t t1e A))rai'al 8a'i' re50ire+e!t' i' )o'iti,e/ t1e! t1e 'torage 'ite i! 50e'tio! '1all 50alif* to a))l*
for a Storage Per+it.
If +ore t1a! o!e )ro')ecti,e 'torage 'ite 50alifie' for a Storage Per+it a))licatio!/ t1e! t1e o)erator +a* ra!(
t1e'e 'torage 'ite' a'e# o! t1e fi!#i!g' of t1e )rece#i!g ri'( a''e''+e!t. S0c1 a ra!(i!g '1all3
4 i!cl0#e co!'i#eratio! of legal a!# reg0lator* co+)lia!ce/ co't/ 'c1e#0le/ re)0tatio!/ '*'te+ )erfor+a!ce
a!# )0lic '0))ort e,e! if t1e'e factor' are !ot #efi!e# a' co!'e50e!ce categorie'
4 fa,o0r 'torage 'ite' -it1 !at0ral i!1ere!t 'torage i!tegrit* 1ig1er t1a! 'torage 'ite' t1at re50ire a larger
#egree of e!gi!eeri!g -or( to )ro,i#e 'torage i!tegrit*
4 0'e a co!'i'te!t 'et of ri'( e,al0atio! criteria. 2or e"a+)le/ t1e )erfor+a!ce i! ter+' of co't '1o0l# ta(e
i!to acco0!t ot1 a!tici)ate# a'eli!e co't' C)i)eli!e co't'/ #rilli!g a!# co!'tr0ctio! co't'/ +o!itori!g/
la!# acce''/ etc.6 a!# a##itio!al co't' 'te++i!g fro+ )ote!tial co!'e50e!ce' of i#e!tifie# ri'('.
Ra!(i!g criteria '1all e #oc0+e!te# a!# t1e re'0lt' +a* e '0++ariIe# i! a ta0lar for+at '0c1 a' t1at '1o-!
i! Tale ?-?.
Doc0+e!ti!g t1e relati,e ra!( of 'ite' i! t1i' +a!!er i' !ot !ece''aril* '0ite# for i#e!tif*i!g a )referre# 'torage
'ite/ 0t +a* 1el) #etect 1ig1er ri'( 'torage 'ite'. Ta0lati!g relati,e ra!(' a' ill0'trate# i! Tale ?-? +a* al'o
)ro,i#e a goo# a'i' for #i'c0''i!g -it1 t1e reg0lator a!# (e* 'ta(e1ol#er' t1e ratio!ale for 'electio! of a
)referre# 'torage 'ite a+o!g a li't of )ro')ecti,e o!e' t1at 'ati'f* t1e 'electio! re50ire+e!t'.
If o!e or +ore )ro')ecti,e 'torage 'ite' are fo0!# to 1a,e 'ig!ifica!tl* 1ig1er ri'(' t1a! ot1er'/ t1e! a! o)erator
+a* #eci#e to e"cl0#e t1e'e fro+ t1e 50alificatio! )roce'' efore 't0#*i!g )ote!tial -ell e!gi!eeri!g co!ce)t'.
,3+ Well En-'neer'n- C&n#e.t
The purpose of this step is to identify the most appropriate well engineering solution for new and e7isting wells
at each prospective storage site at a conceptual design level.
A! o)erator '1all #oc0+e!t a Eell E!gi!eeri!g Co!ce)t t1at i!cl0#e' a #e'cri)tio! of t1e follo-i!g3
4 t1e locatio! a!# t*)e of !e- -ell' re50ire# Cfor e"a+)leK i!>ector'/ )ro#0cer'/ +o!itori!g -ell'6
4 t1e locatio! a!# t*)e of e"i'ti!g -ell' to e re-0'e#
4 t1e locatio! of aa!#o!e# -ell'
4 '0-'0rface tra>ectorie'
4 co!ce)t0al #e'ig! of co+)letio!'
4 a))ro"i+ate flo- rate' a!# total ,ol0+e' for eac1 i!>ector
4 '0rface flo- li!e geo+etr*
4 )re''0re e!,elo)e' for eac1 -ell.
2or e"i'ti!g -ell' t1e o)erator '1all3
Ta)le ,:, E3am.le ran0'n- &" .r&(.e#t'*e (t&ra-e ('te( )a(ed &n r'(0 a((e((ment "'nd'n-( dur'n-
t8e A..ra'(al (ta-e
&onse/uence categories $ite 1 $ite 2 $ite # $ite 3
9SE % ? 2 3
Co't 3 2 % ?
Sc1e#0le ? % 2 3
Storage Perfor+a!ce % ? 3 2
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.+ ,torage ,ite ,creening and ppraisal * 'age "+
4 ')ecif* -1ic1 -ell' )e!etrate t1e 'torage co+)le"
4 ')ecif* -1ic1 -ell' )ro,i#e )art of a! i#e!tifie# lea(age )at1-a*
4 ')ecif* -1ic1 -ell' are )re#icte# * re'er,oir +o#elli!g to e e")o'e# to ele,ate# )re''0re a!# t1e
)re''0re ra!ge'
4 ')ecif* -1ic1 -ell' 1a,e t1e 1ig1e't )ote!tial to lea(
4 ')ecif* t1e +a"i+0+ CO
2
,ol0+e' at ri'( of lea(age fro+ eac1 '0c1 -ell
4 ')ecif* -1ic1 -ell' fall i!to t1e follo-i!g categorie'3
4 acti,e or '0')e!#e# -ell' t1at do not re50ire co!,er'io! for co!ti!0e# 0'e
4 acti,e or '0')e!#e# -ell' t1at do re50ire co!,er'io! for co!ti!0e# 0'e
4 acti,e or '0')e!#e# -ell' to e )l0gge# a!# aa!#o!e# )rior to CO
2
i!>ectio!
4 -ell' )re,io0'l* )l0gge# a!# aa!#o!e#
4 )ro,i#e a! I!itial Eell 70alificatio! Re)ort for eac1 -ell C'ee Sec.A.B6.
I! a##itio! to #o-!-1ole co!'i#eratio!'/ t1e o)erator '1all al'o #e'crie t1e follo-i!g3
4 '0rface acce''iilit* to -ell locatio!' a!# corre')o!#i!g re50ire# )i)eli!e i!fra'tr0ct0re
4 'ce!ario-a'e# )re#ictio!' of CO
2
)l0+e a!# )re''0re #i'tri0tio! #0ri!g t1e life c*cle of a gi,e! 'torage
'ite for a gi,e! -ell e!gi!eeri!g co!ce)t
4 co't )re#ictio!' for t1e i+)le+e!tatio! a!# o)eratio! of a gi,e! -ell e!gi!eeri!g co!ce)t
4 co't )re#ictio!' for co!'tr0ctio! a!# o)eratio! of re50ire# flo-li!e i!fra'tr0ct0re.
T1e la't t-o 0llet )oi!t' ao,e '1all e co!'i#ere# -1e! e,al0ati!g t1e eco!o+ic fea'iilit* of a 'torage 'ite
a!# -ell e!gi!eeri!g co!ce)t. T1e )rece#i!g 0llet )oi!t' '1all e co!'i#ere# -1e! e,al0ati!g t1e tec1!ical
fea'iilit*.
If a tec1!icall* a!# eco!o+icall* fea'ile -ell e!gi!eeri!g co!ce)t ca!!ot e i#e!tifie# for a gi,e! 'torage 'ite/
t1e! t1e 'torage 'ite i! 50e'tio! '1all !ot 50alif* to a))l* for a Storage Per+it.
,34 @&n't&r'n- and R'(0 @ana-ement !lann'n-
The purpose of this step is to determine if appropriate monitoring and ris6 management can be carried out at
a given storage site and maintained during the pro5ect life cycle.
Preli+i!ar* Mo!itori!g a!# Ri'( Ma!age+e!t Pla!' '1all e #e,elo)e# for eac1 )ro')ecti,e 'torage 'ite for
-1ic1 o!e or +ore tec1!icall* a!# eco!o+icall* fea'ile -ell e!gi!eeri!g co!ce)t' 1a,e ee! i#e!tifie#.
A )reli+i!ar* Ri'( Ma!age+e!t Pla! '1all3
4 e #e'ig!e# to +a!age t1e ri'(' i#e!tifie# a!# a''e''e# i! t1e )rece#i!g Ri'( A''e''+e!t 'te) CSec.2.<6
4 i!cl0#e a )reli+i!ar* ri'( treat+e!t )la! t1at '1all #e'crie 1o- eac1 i#e!tifie# ri'( ca! e co!trolle# a!#
+ai!tai!e# at acce)tale le,el'
4 #e'crie +o!itori!g a!# +o#elli!g acti,itie' re50ire# to '0))ort ri'( +a!age+e!t/ i!cl0#i!g ti+el*
i+)le+e!tatio! of ri'( treat+e!t.
A )reli+i!ar* Mo!itori!g Pla! '1all3
4 #e'crie t1e )0r)o'e of +o!itori!g #0ri!g eac1 )ro>ect )1a'e
4 #e'crie +o!itori!g target' a!# tec1!olog* )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' for eac1 +o!itori!g target
C'e!'iti,it* a!# ')atial a!# te+)oral re'ol0tio! a!# co,erage6
4 i!cl0#e t1e #e'ig! Ctec1!ologie' a!# )roce#0re'6/ o>ecti,e' C+o!itori!g target' a!# a''ociate# tec1!olog*
'e!'iti,itie'6 a!# la*o0t C')atial a!# te+)oral re'ol0tio! a!# co,erage6 of acti,itie' i! a te!tati,e a'e ca'e
+o!itori!g )la!
4 i!cl0#e t1e #e'ig!/ o>ecti,e' a!# la*o0t of a co!ti!ge!c* +o!itori!g )la! #e'ig!e# to #eal -it1 'it0atio!'
o0t'i#e t1e e!,elo)e of e")ecte# '*'te+ )erfor+a!ce
4 co+)l* -it1 t1e re50ire+e!t' for a Mo!itori!g Pla! #e'crie# i! Sec.<.?.A.
If t1e )reli+i!ar* +o!itori!g a!# ri'( +a!age+e!t )la!' ca!!ot )ro,i#e co!fi#e!ce t1at all 'electio!
re50ire+e!t' '1all e +et a!# +ai!tai!e# for a gi,e! 'torage 'ite/ t1e! t1e 'torage 'ite i! 50e'tio! '1all !ot
50alif* to a))l* for a Storage Per+it.
,310 @'le(t&ne @3? A..ra'(al Re.&rt and St&ra-e S'te Sele#t'&n
The purpose of this step is to evaluate which storage sites are /ualified to apply for a $torage *ermit and to
select one or more for further development. The appraisal process shall be documented in an Appraisal )eport.
Storage 'ite' a!# a''ociate# -ell e!gi!eeri!g co!ce)t' t1at re+ai! )ro')ecti,e '1all e e,al0ate# agai!'t t1e
re50ire+e!t' i! t1e A))rai'al 8a'i'. I! a##itio! t1e a))rai'al acti,itie' '1o0l# e e,al0ate# agai!'t t1o'e
#e'crie# i! t1e A))rai'al Pla!. T1i' e,al0atio! )roce'' '1all e #oc0+e!te# i! a! a0#itale a!# tra!')are!t
+a!!er * collati!g t1e follo-i!g co+)o!e!t' i! a! A))rai'al Re)ort3
4 A))rai'al 8a'i' #oc0+e!t
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.+ ,torage ,ite ,creening and ppraisal * 'age "-
4 A))rai'al Pla! #oc0+e!t
4 C1aracteriIatio! Re)ort
4 Mo#elli!g Re)ort
4 A))rai'al Ri'( A''e''+e!t Re)ort
4 A))rai'al re,ie- #oc0+e!t
4 Eell E!gi!eeri!g Co!ce)t #oc0+e!t
4 Preli+i!ar* Ri'( Ma!age+e!t Pla!
4 Preli+i!ar* Mo!itori!g Pla!
4 E,al0atio! agai!'t t1e A))rai'al 8a'i' a!# A))rai'al Pla!.
If t1e e,al0atio! i' )o'iti,e t1e! t1e 'torage 'ite i! 50e'tio! '1all e regar#e# a' /ualified to apply for a $torage
*ermit.
If +ore t1a! o!e 'torage 'ite i' 50alifie# to a))l* for a Storage Per+it/ t1e o)erator +a* 'elect o!e or +ore for
f0rt1er #e,elo)+e!t. T1i' 'electio! )roce'' '1all ta(e i!to acco0!t t1e re'0lt' of t1e )rece#i!g e,al0atio! a!#
t1e o)erator '1all #oc0+e!t t1e 'electio! criteria 0'e#/ t1e co!cl0'io!' reac1e# a!# t1e e,i#e!ce t1at '0))ort'
t1o'e co!cl0'io!'.
Prior to 'electio! t1e o)erator '1all )ro,i#e t1e rele,a!t reg0lator -it1 a! o))ort0!it* to co++e!t o! t1e
'electio! criteria to e 0'e#.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.- 'ermitting * 'age "/
$ !erm'tt'n-
$1 %ntr&du#t'&n
T1i' c1a)ter #e'crie' a )roce#0re for #e,elo)i!g CO
2
'torage a!# clo'0re )er+it a))licatio!'. T1e ter+
storage permit i' 0'e# ge!ericall* i! t1i' c1a)ter to co,er t1e follo-i!g3
4 a !e- 'torage )er+it
4 t1e re!e-al of a! e"i'ti!g 'torage )er+it
4 t1e tra!'fer fro+ o!e t*)e of )er+it to a!ot1er t*)e Cfor e"a+)le fro+ e!1a!ce# oil )ro#0ctio! * CO
2
i!>ectio! to CO
2
'torage6
4 t1e regi'tratio! of a )ro>ect i! a reg0late# 'c1e+e t1at re50ire' re)orti!g of +a'' of CO
2
e+i''io!' a,oi#e#.
T1i' )roce#0re a##re''e' a !0+er of co++o! re50ire+e!t' t1at '1all t*)icall* e +et * a! o)erator a!# a
!0+er of ge!eric #oc0+e!t' t1at +a* ,ar* i! 'co)e or !a+e et-ee! >0ri'#ictio!'.
Gu'dan#e n&te?
E")loratio! Per+it' are !ot #e'crie# i! t1i' RP Cfor e"a+)le to co!#0ct 'ei'+ic #ata ac50i'itio! or #rilli!g a!# -ell
te'ti!g6. T1i' i' #0e to ,ariatio!' i! re50ire+e!t' et-ee! >0ri'#ictio!' a!# t1e 'i+ilarit* to e'tali'1e# )ractice i!
1*#rocaro! e")loratio!.
---e-!-#---of---G-0-i-#-a-!-c-e---!-o-t-e---
T1e o)erator '1all carr* o0t 'te)' %/ 2/ 3 a!# < fro+ 2ig0re <-% -1e! a))l*i!g for a CO
2
'torage or clo'0re
)er+it. Ste) ? '1o0l# e carrie# o0t * t1e reg0lator or a! e!tit* acti!g o! e1alf of t1e reg0lator.
F'-ure $:1
!r&#edure "&r de*el&.'n- CO
2
(t&ra-e and #l&(ure .erm't a..l'#at'&n(
$2 !erm't #&nte3t and re2u'rement( <Ste. 1A F'-ure $:1=
T1e o)erator '1all #e'crie t1e co!te"t a!# re50ire+e!t'/ a' #efi!e# elo-/ i! a )er+itti!g )la! t1at al'o
#e'crie' 1o- t1e o)erator i!te!#' to f0lfil t1e'e re50ire+e!t'.
T1e co!te"t of t1e )er+it a))licatio! '1all e #efi!e# * #oc0+e!ti!g all of t1e follo-i!g3
4 t1e t*)e of )er+it or a))licatio!3
4 a !e- 'torage )er+it
4 t1e re!e-al of a! e"i'ti!g 'torage )er+it
4 t1e tra!'fer fro+ o!e t*)e of )er+it to a!ot1er t*)e Cfor e"a+)le fro+ e!1a!ce# oil )ro#0ctio! to CO
2
'torage6
4 t1e regi'tratio! of a )ro>ect i! a! reg0late# 'c1e+e t1at re50ire' re)orti!g of +a'' of CO
2
e+i''io!'
a,oi#e#
4 a clo'0re )er+it.
4 t1e 'tat0' of 'torage 'ite c1aracteriIatio!
4 t1e o)eratio!al 1i'tor* of t1e 'ite a!# a!* )re,io0' )er+it'
4 t1e Ri'( Ma!age+e!t co!te"t C'ee Sec.@.26
4 t1e e")ectatio!' fro+ reg0lator' a!# 'ta(e1ol#er' to t1e )er+it a))licatio! )roce''.
Per+it a))licatio! re50ire+e!t' '1all e #efi!e# * #oc0+e!ti!g all of t1e follo-i!g3
4 rele,a!t reg0lator* re50ire+e!t'
4 rele,a!t re50ire+e!t' for re)orti!g of +a'' of CO
2
e+i''io!' a,oi#e#
4 re50ire+e!t' i+)o'e# * t1e o)erator.
If t1e o>ecti,e i' to tra!'fer fro+ o!e t*)e of )er+it to a!ot1er t*)e of )er+it/ t1e! t1e ratio!ale for t1e !ee#
or #e'ire to c1a!ge t1e reg0lator* 'tat0' of t1e )ro>ect '1all e e")lai!e#/ a!# t1e #iffere!ce' i! t1e re')ecti,e
reg0lator* fra+e-or(' '1all e 1ig1lig1te#.
Ste. 1
Doc0+e!t
)er+it co!te"t
a!# re50ire+e!t'
Ste. 2
Defi!e ri'(
)erfor+a!ce target'
-it1 reg0lator
Ste. 3
De,elo) or 0)#ate
'torage or clo'0re
)er+it a))licatio!
Ste. ,
Verif*
co+)lete!e''
Ste. $
S0+it
a))licatio! Oe'
No
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.- 'ermitting * 'age "0
$3 R'(0 .er"&rman#e tar-et( <Ste. 2A F'-ure $:1=
T1e o)erator '1all ')ecif* acce)tale ri'( )erfor+a!ce target' for all 'ig!ifica!t ri'(' C'ee Sec.@.?6.
T1e ')ecificatio! of a ri'( )erfor+a!ce target '1all i!cl0#e3
4 t1e target le,el of ri'(
4 t1e ri'( treat+e!t a!#Jor i!1ere!t c1aracteri'tic' of a 'torage 'ite t1at '1all re#0ce a!# +ai!tai! t1e ri'( at
or elo- t1i' le,el
4 t1e e")ecte# a!# lo--e!# li(eli1oo# t1at t1e ')ecifie# ri'( treat+e!t -ill e effecti,e i! +eeti!g t1e target
le,el of ri'(
4 t1e ratio!ale a!# a!al*'i' e1i!# t1e ri'( e,al0atio!
Ri'( )erfor+a!ce target' '1all e rele,a!t to t1e )er+it co!te"t a!# re50ire+e!t' #e'crie# i! t1e )re,io0'
'te). Target' for 'torage o)eratio!' '1all e 0)#ate# for 'torage 'ite clo'0re C'ee Tale <-26.
T1e follo-i!g t1ree 'tage )roce'' '1o0l# e follo-e# i! or#er to reac1 agree+e!t et-ee! t1e o)erator a!# t1e
reg0latorC'6 ao0t acce)tale ri'( )erfor+a!ce target'. 20rt1er iteratio!' of t1i' )roce'' +a* e re50ire# if
agree+e!t i' !ot fort1co+i!g.
4 o)erator )ro)o'e' ri'( )erfor+a!ce target' for a gi,e! 'torage 'ite a!# -ell e!gi!eeri!g co!ce)t
4 o)erator #oc0+e!t' a##itio!al or alter!ati,e ri'( treat+e!t o)tio!' t1at 1a,e !ot ee! 'electe# a!# t1e
ratio!ale for t1i' #eci'io!
4 o)erator a!# reg0lator #i'c0'' if target ri'( le,el i' acce)tale a!# if t1e )re'crie# ri'( treat+e!t )la! i'
'0fficie!tl* ro0't -it1 re')ect to targete# le,el' of ri'(. T1i' +a* i!cl0#e co!'i#eratio! of t1e co't-
effecti,e!e'' a!# )racticailit* of alter!ati,e ri'( treat+e!t o)tio!' relati,e to t1e )ro)o'e# ri'( treat+e!t
o)tio!.
Gu'dan#e n&te?
70a!titati,e ri'( a''e''+e!t' 0'e 50a!titati,e criteria reflecti!g t1e li(eli1oo# of occ0rre!ce ti+e' t1e 'e,erit* of
co!'e50e!ce Ce.g./ i! ter+' of #eat1' )er *ear6 to #eter+i!e t1e acce)tailit* of ri'('. S0c1 ri'( a''e''+e!t' re50ire
'0fficie!t rele,a!t 'tati'tic' or e+)irical #ata to e!ale a 50a!tificatio! of li(eli1oo# a!# co!'e50e!ce/ -1ic1
ge!erall* -ill !ot e a,ailale for CO
2
'torage 'ite' 'i!ce eac1 'ite -ill 1a,e it' 0!i50e c1aracteri'tic'. T1e ter+ Pris6
performance targetQ '1o0l# t1erefore e i!ter)rete# a' a ri'( acce)ta!ce criterio! i! a 50alitati,e 'e!'e.
2or i!'ta!ce/ t1e li(eli1oo# of lo'' of co!tai!+e!t ca!!ot ge!erall* e 50a!tifie# a'e# o! a,ailale 'tati'tic' or
e+)irical #ata/ 0t ca! !e,ert1ele'' e a''e''e# a!# e,al0ate# a'e# o! a caref0l e"a+i!atio! of t1e geological
c1aracteri'tic'/ t1e o0t)0t' fro+ tailore# +o#elli!g acti,itie'/ a!# t1e -a* t1e 'ite -ill e +a!age# to co!trol re'er,oir
)re''0re a!# CO
2
)l0+e +igratio!. 9o-e,er/ t1i' e,al0atio! -ill i!e,ital* e a''ociate# -it1 a certai! #egree of
0!certai!t*/ a' o0r (!o-le#ge of t1e '0'0rface i' i+)erfect. T10'/ to a##re'' t1i' 0!certai!t* a!# )ro,i#e a''0ra!ce
t1at t1e ri'( of lo'' of co!tai!+e!t i' '0fficie!tl* lo-/ a 'ite-')ecific ri'( treat+e!t )la! t1at acco0!t' for all
rea'o!al* li(el* e,e!t0alitie' +0't e #e,elo)e#/ a!# it' effecti,e!e'' a''e''e#.
2or t1i' e"a+)le/ t1e ri'( treat+e!t -o0l# t*)icall* e!tail t1e 0'e of +o!itori!g to )ro,i#e earl*--ar!i!g 'ig!'/ a!#
i+)le+e!tatio! of a))ro)riate re')o!'e' to a,oi# lo'' of co!tai!+e!t. 9e!ce/ t1e li(eli1oo# of lo'' of co!tai!+e!t
-o0l# e t1e li(eli1oo# t1at all !at0ral Ce.g./ geological 'eal'6 a!# e!gi!eere# C#etectio! )l0' re')o!'e6 ri'( co!trol'
fail.
Si+ilarl*/ ri'( treat+e!t )la!' '1o0l# a##re'' -a*' to )re,e!t a#,er'e co!'e50e!ce' if lo'' of co!tai!+e!t occ0r'/
a!# to e!ale )re#ictio! of t1e 'e,erit* of t1e co!'e50e!ce'. 9e!ce/ -1ile it +a* !ot e )o''ile to )0t a !0+er o!
t1e i!itial ri'( of lo'' of co!tai!+e!t/ it i' )o''ile to 50alitati,el* e,al0ate t1e effecti,e!e'' of a ri'( treat+e!t )la!
a!# 0'e t1i' e,al0atio! to )ro,i#e a 1ig1 le,el of a''0ra!ce t1at a ri'( )erfor+a!ce target -ill e +et.
---e-!-#---of---G-0-i-#-a-!-c-e---!-o-t-e---
$, St&ra-e !erm't a..l'#at'&n <Ste. 3A F'-ure $:1=
$,1 General
1or &losure *ermit application see $ec.<.<.
T1e a))licatio! for a !e- Storage Per+it '1o0l# ta(e t1e for+ of a $torage ,evelopment *lan/ co+)arale to
a Pla! for De,elo)+e!t a!# O)eratio!' for 1*#rocaro! fiel#'. T1e ter+ Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla! i' 0'e# i!
a ge!eric 'e!'e a!# DNV recog!i'e' t1at t1e !a+e of t1i' #oc0+e!t a!# re50ire# co!te!t +a* ,ar* #e)e!#i!g
o! >0ri'#ictio!. T1e reco++e!#atio!' gi,e! elo- are #e'ig!e# to f0lfil all )ote!tial re50ire+e!t'.
T1e a))licatio! for re!e-al of a 'torage )er+it/ tra!'fer of 0'age of a 'torage 'ite or regi'tratio! i! a reg0late#
'c1e+e t1at re50ire' re)orti!g of +a'' of CO
2
e+i''io!' a,oi#e#/ i' e")ecte# to 1a,e a '+aller 'co)e t1a! t1e
a))licatio! for a !e- 'torage )er+it. 2or t1e'e ca'e' t1e o)erator '1all i#e!tif* t1e rele,a!t )art' of t1i' 'ectio!
a!# 0'e t1e+ a' re50ire#.
A Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla! '1o0l# i!cl0#e t1e follo-i!g co+)o!e!t'3
%6 a 'torage 'ite &haracteri8ation )eport
26 a! :n5ection and +perating *lan
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.- 'ermitting * 'age "9
36 a! ;nvironmental $tatement
?6 a $torage *erformance 1orecast
<6 a )is6 0anagement *lan
@6 a 0onitoring *lan
A6 a &ommunication *lan
B6 a 'torage 'ite &losure *lan
D6 a! Accounting and )eporting *lan.
T1e'e co+)o!e!t' are #e'crie# i! t1e follo-i!g 'ectio!'.
Gu'dan#e n&te?
T1e Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla! ca! e a co+)ilatio! of a 'et of #oc0+e!t' t1at toget1er co!tai! t1e i!for+atio!
o0tli!e# i! t1e '0'ectio!' elo-/ i.e./ it i' !ot re50ire# to e a 'i!gle 'ta!#-alo!e #oc0+e!t. I! fact/ 'o+e )art' of t1e
Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla! +a* !ee# to e '0+itte# 'e)aratel* Ce.g./ t1e E!,iro!+e!tal State+e!t6/ a!# 'o+e )art'
-ill e fre50e!tl* 0)#ate# t1ro0g1o0t t1e )ro>ect/ -1ile ot1er' -ill t*)icall* e largel* 0!c1a!ge#. T1i' '0gge't' t1at
t1e PStorage De,elo)+e!t Pla!Q '1o0l# e loo'el* i!ter)rete# a' a co+)ilatio! of ,ario0' re)ort' a!# )la!' t1at
co+i!e# )ro,i#e t1e !ece''ar* tec1!ical i!for+atio! !ece''ar* for e,al0ati!g t1e eligiilit* of a )ro>ect to ac1ie,e
a Storage Per+it.
T1e co!te!t a!# 'tr0ct0re of t1e Acco0!ti!g a!# Re)orti!g )la! i' !ot #e'crie# eca0'e t1i' i' e")ecte# to e
)re'crie# * reg0latio!' a!#Jor re50ire+e!t' of a! e+i''io!' tra#i!g 'c1e+e.
---e-!-#---of---G-0-i-#-a-!-c-e---!-o-t-e---
$,2 C8ara#ter'Bat'&n Re.&rt
See Sec.?.3.?.
$,3 %n7e#t'&n and O.erat'n- !lan
T1e I!>ectio! a!# O)erati!g Pla! '1all e #e'ig!e# to +eet t1e 'torage 'ite )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' #efi!e#
i! t1e A))rai'al 8a'i' CSec.?.3.26. T1e )la! '1all i!cl0#e a fi!al ,er'io! of t1e Eell E!gi!eeri!g Co!ce)t C'ee
Sec.?.3.B6 a!# a 2i!al Eell 70alificatio! Re)ort for eac1 e"i'ti!g -ell t1at i' rele,a!t to t1e 'torage 'ite C'ee
Sec.A.%26.
T1e I!>ectio! a!# O)erati!g Pla! '1all al'o #e'crie3
4 e")ecte# i!>ectio! foreca't i!cl0#i!g ,ariailit* i! rate
4 t1e e")ecte# ,ariatio! i! #eli,ere# -ell )erfor+a!ce
4 -ell o)erati!g )roce#0re'/ i!cl0#i!g 9SE )roce#0re' a!# co!ti!ge!c* )la!' for '10t-i!' a!# -ell fail0re'.
$,, En*'r&nmental Statement
A! E!,iro!+e!tal State+e!t '1all re)re'e!t t1e o0tco+e of a! ;nvironmental :mpact Assessment or a!
e50i,ale!t )roce'' re50ire# * e!,iro!+e!tal reg0latio!'. T1e o)erator '1all re,ie- t1e rele,a!t
e!,iro!+e!tal )olic*/ legal a!# a#+i!i'trati,e fra+e-or( -it1i! -1ic1 t1e 'tate+e!t i' )re)are#/ i!cl0#i!g
all rele,a!t reg0latio!' at a local/ !atio!al a!# i!ter!atio!al le,el t1at co0l# affect t1e 'torage 'ite.
T1i' 'te) 1ig1lig1t' 'o+e a##itio!al co!'i#eratio!' -it1 re')ect to a CO
2
'torage 'ite t1at a! o)erator '1all
a##re''3
4 i#e!tif* e!,iro!+e!tal rece)tor' t1at +a* e affecte# * ri'(' i! t1e ri'( regi'ter for a gi,e! 'torage 'ite/
for e"a+)le3
4 air 50alit* or +ari!e e!,iro!+e!t Co!'1oreJoff'1ore6
4 'oil or '1allo- 'e#i+e!t'
4 '0rface -ater
4 gro0!#-ater
4 -etla!#' a!# floo#)lai!'
4 flora a!# fa0!a.
4 i#e!tif* t1e ti+e'cale' re50ire# for re'tit0tio! of local ecological re'o0rce'
4 #e'crie t1e 'tate of t1e e!,iro!+e!tal rece)tor' )rior to co++e!ce+e!t of CO
2
'torage
4 #e'crie a!# )re#ict )o''ile e!,iro!+e!tal i+)act' of ri'(' #e'crie# i! t1e ri'( regi'ter. I+)act' '1all e
')ecifie# i! a 50a!titati,e/ 'e+i-50a!titati,e or 50alitati,e -a* -it1 re')ect to fre50e!c*/ #0ratio! a!#
+ag!it0#e
4 #efi!e t1re'1ol# ,al0e' for #egree' of i+)act 'ig!ifica!ce for t1e'e rece)tor'
4 #efi!e rele,a!t ri'( treat+e!t a!# t1e +o#elli!g )erfor+e# to a''e'' t1e effecti,e!e'' of t1e'e +ea'0re'
4 #e'crie +o!itori!g target' a!# )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' for +o!itori!g tec1!ologie' C'e!'iti,itie' a!#
')atial a!# te+)oral re'ol0tio! a!# co,erage6 !ee#e# to e!'0re ti+el* i+)le+e!tatio! of a))ro)riate ri'(
treat+e!t.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.- 'ermitting * 'age ":
$,$ St&ra-e !er"&rman#e F&re#a(t
T1i' #oc0+e!t '1all )ro,i#e a 'ce!ario-a'e# 'torage )erfor+a!ce foreca't t1at #e+o!'trate' t1e '0itailit* of
t1e I!>ectio! a!# O)erati!g Pla! i! +eeti!g t1e 'torage 'ite )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' #efi!e# i! t1e A))rai'al
8a'i' CSec.?.3.26.
T1e o)erator '1all carr* o0t t1e follo-i!g acti,itie' a!# #e'crie t1e re'0lt' i! t1e Storage Perfor+a!ce
2oreca't3
4 i#e!tif* t1e )ara+eter' fro+ t1e A))rai'al +o#elli!g 'te) CSec.?.3.<6 t1at +a* i!fl0e!ce t1e ri'(' i#e!tifie#
i! t1e A))rai'al Ri'( A''e''+e!t 'te) CSec.?.3.@6
4 )erfor+ 'e!'iti,it* a!al*'e' of t1e'e +o#elli!g )ara+eter'
4 +o#el a!# )re#ict a'e-ca'e a!# 1ig1-e!# rate'/ c0+0lati,e ,ol0+e' a!# ti+i!g of CO
2
or #i')lace#
for+atio! fl0i#' Ci!cl0#i!g a''ociate# co!ta+i!a!t' '0c1 a' 1*#rocaro!' or 1ea,* +etal'6 t1at +a* lea(
fro+ t1e 'torage co+)le" a!# reac1 a! e!,iro!+e!tal rece)tor a' i#e!tifie# i! t1e E!,iro!+e!tal
State+e!t
4 +o#el a!# )re#ict )ote!tial c0+0lati,e lea(age of CO
2
to at+o')1ere for eac1 'ce!ario t1at i!,ol,e' a
)ote!tial for lea(age CCO
2
e'ca)i!g fro+ t1e 'torage co+)le" -ill e a''0+e# to e,e!t0all* e!ter t1e
at+o')1ere6
4 #e'crie ri'( treat+e!t o)tio!' to re#0ce t1e ri'( of e!,iro!+e!tal i+)act' a!# lea(age to at+o')1ere
4 #efi!e +o!itori!g target' i! ter+' of t1e follo-i!g3
4 1o- t1e* '1all e 0'e# a' i!#icator' of a #e,iatio! fro+ e")ecte# 'torage )erfor+a!ce
4 t1eir locatio!
4 -1e! a!# 1o- t1e )1*'ical )ro)ertie' of t1e +o!itori!g target +a* c1a!ge
4 t1e re50ire# #etectio! t1re'1ol#' to e!ale ti+el* i+)le+e!tatio! of ri'( treat+e!t.
$,/ R'(0 @ana-ement !lan
T1e o)erator '1all #oc0+e!t 1o- t1e ri'( +a!age+e!t )roce'' #e'crie# i! Sec.@ '1all e a))lie# to a gi,e!
'torage 'ite i! t1e O)erate a!# Clo'e 'tage' of a )ro>ect. T1e )la! '1all +a(e refere!ce to3
4 t1e 'torage 'ite )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' #efi!e# i! t1e A))rai'al 8a'i' CSec.?.3.26
4 t1e 'torage 'ite ri'( regi'ter 0)#ate# #0ri!g t1e A))rai'al Ri'( A''e''+e!t CSec.?.3.@6
4 t1e e!,iro!+e!tal rece)tor' #e'crie# i! t1e E!,iro!+e!tal State+e!t CSec.<.?.?6
4 t1e +o!itori!g target' a!# ri'( treat+e!t #e'crie# i! t1e Storage Perfor+a!ce 2oreca't CSec.<.?.<6
4 t1e Mo!itori!g Pla! CSec.<.?.A6.
T1e ri'( +a!age+e!t )la! '1all i!cl0#e a #e'cri)tio! of t1e follo-i!g3
4 t1e orga!iIatio!al )roce#0re' a!# )ractice' to e a))lie# to ri'( +a!age+e!t/ i!cl0#i!g a''ig!+e!t of
re')o!'iilitie'
4 t1e #elegatio! of re')o!'iilitie'/ f0!ctio!'/ a!# relatio!'1i)' a+o!g orga!iIatio!' a!# i!#i,i#0al' to
e!'0re #ilige!t a!# ti+el* e"ec0tio!/ +o!itori!g a!# re,ie- of ri'( +a!age+e!t acti,itie'
4 a 'c1e#0le for )erfor+i!g iterati,e ri'( a''e''+e!t' a!# acti,itie' '0))orti!g t1e ri'( a''e''+e!t'
4 t1e co!'e50e!ce categorie' to e 0'e#
4 ri'( e,al0atio! criteria for eac1 co!'e50e!ce categor* t0!e# to t1e 'co)e a!# o>ecti,e' of t1e )ro>ect
4 ri'( tolerailit*Jacce)ta!ce t1re'1ol#'
4 ri'( treat+e!t )la!' t1at #e'crie 1o- ri'(' -ill e co!trolle# a!# +ai!tai!e# at acce)tale le,el'
4 a ro0't co!ti!ge!c* )la! a!# a''ociate# co't' for co!trolli!g a '0fficie!tl* roa# ra!ge of co!cei,ale 0t
0!e")ecte# circ0+'ta!ce' t1at ca! re)re'e!t a ri'( to co!'e50e!ce categorie'/ i!cl0#i!g -or't-ca'e
'ce!ario'
4 1o- t1e +o!itori!g )la! i' #e'ig!e# to '0))ort ri'( +a!age+e!t acti,itie'
4 1o- t1e 'ite-')ecific +o#elli!g a!# 'i+0latio! acti,itie' i!cor)orate !e- +o!itori!g re'0lt' a!# i'
#e'ig!e# to e,al0ate effect' of 0!certai!tie' a!# '0))ort t1e ri'( a!al*'i'
4 1o- t1e ri'( a''e''+e!t +et1o#olog* co!'i#er' a!# acco0!t' for 0!certai!t* i! 'ite co!#itio!' a!#
)roce''e' t1at i!fl0e!ce t1e )erfor+a!ce of t1e 'torage 'ite
4 a )la! for iterati,e re,ie- a!# re,i'io! of )ro>ect ri'( regi'ter a'e# o! 0)#ate# +o#elli!g a!# +o!itori!g
re'0lt'
4 a 'c1e#0le a!# )roce'' to +a)/ +o!itor/ re,ie- a!# #oc0+e!t t1e ri'( +a!age+e!t )roce''
4 a 'c1e#0le a!# )roce'' for e"ter!al co++0!icatio!Jco!'0ltatio! -it1 regar#' to ri'( +a!age+e!t
4 a! i+)act 1*)ot1e'i'/ i!cl0#i!g -1ere a!# -1e! a!* i+)act' +a* occ0r/ a!# 1o- a!* a!tici)ate#
co!'e50e!ce' to co!'e50e!ce categorie' are -eig1e# agai!'t t1e e!efit' of t1e )ro>ect. T1e i+)act
1*)ot1e'i' '1all e for+0late# i! a rief a!# co!ci'e -a* '0itale for 'ta(e1ol#er co++0!icatio!.
Gu'dan#e n&te?
Ri'( treat+e!t e!tail' t1e )roce'' to i+)le+e!t ri'( co!trol' to )re,e!t/ +itigate a!# correct 'it0atio!' t1at +a* ca0'e
0!-a!te# co!'e50e!ce'/ i.e./ it e!co+)a''e' t1e i+)le+e!tatio! of )re,e!ti,e/ +itigati,e a!# correcti,e co!trol'. All
of t1e'e t*)e' of +ea'0re' '1o0l# e a#e50atel* co!'i#ere# for eac1 ri'(/ a!# t1e co+i!e# effect of t1e )re'crie#
ri'( treat+e!t '1o0l# 0il# co!fi#e!ce t1at ri'(' -ill e co!trolle# a!# +ai!tai!e# at acce)tale or tolerale le,el'.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.- 'ermitting * 'age %#
T1e i+)le+e!tatio! of ri'( treat+e!t '1o0l# follo- a t1ree #eci'io! logic co+)ri'e# of3 Ci6 t1e #etectio! of a
circ0+'ta!ce t1at 'ig!al' t1e !ee# to i+)le+e!t ri'( treat+e!tK Cii6 a''e''+e!t a!# 'electio! of a! a))ro)riate
treat+e!t to a##re'' t1e 'it0atio!K a!#/ Ciii6 t1e i+)le+e!tatio! of t1e 'electe# ri'( treat+e!t. T1i' )roce#0re '1o0l#
e follo-e# * a! a''e''+e!t of t1e effect of t1e i+)le+e!te# ri'( treat+e!t/ -1et1er t1e re'i#0al le,el of ri'( i'
acce)tale or tolerale/ a!#/ if !ot/ a! a''e''+e!t a!# 'electio! of a##itio!al ri'( treat+e!t C'ee al'o Sectio! @.?6.
It ca! e co!'tr0cti,e to #i'c0'' ri'( tolera!ceJacce)tailit* t1re'1ol#' for (e* ri'(' -it1 reg0lator' a!# 'ta(e1ol#er'.
To t1i' e!#/ t1e o)erator +a* a))l* t1e A$ARP )ri!ci)le Cri'(' '1o0l# e re#0ce# a' lo- a' rea'o!al* )racticale6
a' a 'tr0ct0ri!g ele+e!t for #i'c0''io!' to ill0+i!ate t1e )aire# co!ce)t' of Ci6 ri'( tolera!ce a!# Cii6 )racticailit* of
)ote!tial ri'( treat+e!t Ci! ter+' of co't/ ti+e/ effort/ li(eli1oo# of '0cce''/ a!# 'eco!#ar* ri'(' )ote!tiall* e!taile#
* t1e ri'( treat+e!t6.
---e-!-#---of---G-0-i-#-a-!-c-e---!-o-t-e---
$,1 @&n't&r'n- !lan
4.3.<.1 -eneral
T1e follo-i!g 'te)' re)re'e!t a ge!eric reco++e!#atio! for #e,elo)i!g a Mo!itori!g Pla! to e i!cl0#e# i! a
Storage Per+it a))licatio!.
:)#ate' +a* e re50ire# for t1e re!e-al of a Storage Per+it a!# '1all e re50ire# for a Clo'0re Per+it
a))licatio! CSec.<.<6. S0c1 0)#ate' '1all e otai!e# * iterati!g o! eac1 'te) of t1e )roce'' elo- -1ile ta(i!g
!e- i!for+atio! i!to acco0!t.
4.3.<.2 ,efine ob5ectives
T1e o)erator '1all ')ecif* t1e +o!itori!g o>ecti,e' for a gi,e! 'torage 'ite i! t1e Mo!itori!g Pla!.
T1e'e o>ecti,e' '1all i!cl0#e3
4 to +o!itor 'torage 'ite )erfor+a!ce i! ter+' of 1ealt1/ 'afet* a!# t1e e!,iro!+e!t i! or#er to #etect earl*
'ig!' of )ote!tial i+)act' a!# +ai!tai! )ro)er co!trol of i#e!tifie# ri'('
4 to ,erif* )re#icti,e +o#el' a!# )ro,i#e a a'i' for caliratio! a!# 0)#ati!g of +o#el' i! or#er to e!1a!ce
ca)ailit* to )re#ict f0t0re )erfor+a!ce
4 to +ea'0re t1e 50a!tit* of CO
2
'tore# at a 'ite
4 to locate a!# ,erif* t1e co!tai!+e!t of t1e i!>ecte# CO
2
-it1i! t1e 'torage co+)le".
Site ')ecific o>ecti,e' '1all al'o e a##e# a' a))ro)riate.
4.3.<.# ,escribe conte7t
T1e o)erator '1all e'tali'1 t1e co!te"t for a Mo!itori!g Pla! i! or#er to #e+o!'trate t1at t1e )la! f0lfil'3
4 reg0lator* re50ire+e!t'
4 e+i''io!' tra#i!g re50ire+e!t' Cif a))licale6
4 i!ter!atio!al )rece#e!t' 'et * ot1er CO
2
'torage 'ite'.
T1e co!te"t '1all e e'tali'1e# * i#e!tif*i!g reg0latio!' a!# )rece#e!t' t1at are rele,a!t to a gi,e! )ro>ect
a!# #oc0+e!ti!g -1* ot1er' +a* !ot e. 2or e"a+)le/ +o!itori!g acti,itie' carrie# o0t * ot1er )ro>ect' for
re'earc1 )0r)o'e' +a* !ot e )ro,e! or '0itale.
4.3.<.3 $pecify monitoring targets
T1e o)erator '1all re-iterate t1e +o!itori!g target' ')ecifie# i! t1e follo-i!g t-o #oc0+e!t'3
4 t1e E!,iro!+e!tal State+e!t CSec.<.?.?6
4 t1e Storage Perfor+a!ce 2oreca't CSec.<.?.<6
T1e'e +o!itori!g target' '1all 1a,e ee! i#e!tifie# * t1e Ri'( A''e''+e!t t1at -a' carrie# o0t #0ri!g t1e
A))rai'al 'tage CSec.?.3.@6. T1e +et1o# for i#e!tif*i!g +o!itori!g target' i' #e'crie# i! Sec.@.3.3 CRi'(
A!al*'i'6.
2or eac1 +o!itori!g target t1e o)erator '1all ')ecif*3
4 t1e )1*'ical )ro)ert* to e +ea'0re#
4 t1e locatio!C'6 at -1ic1 t1e )1*'ical )ro)ert* '1all e +ea'0re#
4 t1e fre50e!c* or ti+e i!ter,al' at -1ic1 t1e )1*'ical )ro)ert* '1all e +ea'0re#
4 t1e !at0ral ,ariailit* of )1*'ical )ro)ert* Cte+)oral a!# ')atial6
4 t1e #etectio! t1re'1ol#' re50ire# to 'ati'f* t1e ')ecifie# +o!itori!g o>ecti,e' Cfor e"a+)le/ )rotectio! of
ot1er o)eratorG' 1*#rocaro! a!# +i!eral rig1t'/ gro0!#-ater/ 'e!'iti,e flora a!# fa0!a -it1i! t1e
io')1ereJ+ari!e io')1ere a!# lea(age to at+o')1ere6.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.- 'ermitting * 'age %$
4.3.<.4 $creen monitoring techni/ues
T1ere e"i't a large !0+er of +o!itori!g tec1!i50e' t1at ca! e a))lie# to CO
2
'torage 'ite'/ 0t !ot all -ill
e tec1!icall* fea'ile for a!* gi,e! 'ite. T1i' -ill e #eter+i!e# */ a+o!g't ot1er factor'3
4 t1e locatio! Co!'1oreJoff'1ore6
4 t1e terrai! a!# la!# 0'e Co!'1ore6
4 -ater #e)t1 a!# 'eafloor co!#itio!' Coff'1ore6
4 t1e #e)t1 of t1e i!>ectio! Io!e
4 t1e lit1olog* of t1e 'torage co+)le" a!# o,er0r#e!
4 t1e 'e!'iti,it* a!# reliailit* of a gi,e! tec1!i50e.
T1e o)erator '1all i#e!tif* t1e tec1!i50e' t1at are tec1!icall* fea'ile at a gi,e! 'ite a!# #oc0+e!t t1e
tec1!i50e' t1at -ere fo0!# to e tec1!icall* i!a))ro)riate. T1i' -ill #e+o!'trate to a reg0lator t1e f0ll li't of
tec1!i50e' t1at -a' co!'i#ere#.
Gu'dan#e n&te?
A e't )ractice +a!0al for +o!itori!g/ ,erificatio! a!# acco0!ti!g of CO
2
'tore# i! #ee) geologic for+atio!' 1a'
ee! #e,elo)e# * t1e :.S. De)art+e!t of E!erg* Natio!al E!erg* Tec1!olog* laorator*. T1i' refere!ce co!tai!'
a co+)re1e!'i,e li't of )ote!tial +o!itori!g tec1!i50e' t1at +a* e a))lie#3
:.S. De)art+e!t of E!erg* Natio!al E!erg* Tec1!olog* $aorator*/ .est *ractices for: 0onitoring! =erification
and Accounting of &+
2
stored in ,eep -eologic 1ormations! C200D6.
---e-!-#---of---G-0-i-#-a-!-c-e---!-o-t-e---
4.3.<.9 $elect monitoring techni/ues
E1ile all of t1e fea'ile tec1!i50e' could e a))lie# to t1e 'ite i! 50e'tio!/ t1i' #oe' !ot +ea! to 'a* t1at t1e*
should e. T1e 0'ef0l!e'' of t1e #ata ge!erate# * t1e tec1!i50e' -ill #iffer/ a' -ill t1eir co't of #e)lo*+e!t
a!# e!,iro!+e!tal i+)act.
T1e o)erator '1o0l# a))l* a!# #oc0+e!t a 50alitati,e co't-e!efit a!al*'i' i! or#er to ra!( t1e tec1!i50e'
accor#i!g to t1e i!for+atio! e!efit t1e* ri!g to t1e )ro>ect/ eari!g i! +i!# t1e )erfor+a!ce target' t1at 1a,e
ee! 'et. 2or e"a+)le/ t1e tec1!i50e' +a* fall i!to o!e of t1e follo-i!g fo0r categorie'3
4 1ig1 e!efit a!# lo- co't = '1o0l# e 'electe# a!# +a* e 0'e# +ore fre50e!tl*
4 1ig1 e!efit a!# 1ig1 co't = '1o0l# e 'electe#/ 0t +a* e li+ite# to foc0'e# a))licatio!' a!# 0'e# le''
fre50e!tl*
4 lo- e!efit a!# lo- co't = +a* e 'electe#
4 lo- e!efit a!# 1ig1 co't = '1o0l# !ot e 'electe#.
T1e ratio!ale for t1e o)eratorG' 'electio! '1all e #oc0+e!te# a!# tec1!i50e' t1at 1a,e ee! #i'+i''e# #0e to
lac( of tec1!ical fea'iilit*/ i!a#e50ate 'e!'iti,it*Jreliailit* or lo- e!efit relati,e to co't '1all e #oc0+e!te#
toget1er -it1 t1eir rea'o!' for re>ectio!.
4.3.<.< *lan monitoring activities
T1e o)erator '1all #e'crie t1e follo-i!g i! t1e Mo!itori!g Pla!3
4 )roce#0re' for #oc0+e!ti!g +o!itori!g acti,itie'/ )roce#0re' a!# re'0lt'
4 t1e 'c1e#0le a!# )roce'' for re,ie-i!g/ 0)#ati!g a!# #oc0+e!ti!g c1a!ge' to t1e +o!itori!g )la! to a#a)t
to c1a!ge' i! o>ecti,e' or circ0+'ta!ce' or to i!cor)orate le''o!' lear!t or c1a!ge' to e't )ractice'
4 t1e a'eli!e agai!'t -1ic1 +o!itori!g +ea'0re+e!t' -ill e co+)are#/ -1ic1 '1all i!cl0#e o'er,e# a!#
e")ecte# te+)oral tre!#' a!# fl0ct0atio!'
4 t1e #e'ig! Ctec1!ologie' a!# )roce#0re'6/ o>ecti,e' C+o!itori!g target' a!# a''ociate# tec1!olog*
'e!'iti,itie'6 a!# la*o0t C')atial a!# te+)oral re'ol0tio! a!# co,erage6 of acti,itie' i! a'e ca'e +o!itori!g
)la!
4 t1e a''0+)tio!' a!# e")ecte# co!#itio!' Ca'e ca'e 'ce!ario6 for -1ic1 t1e +o!itori!g )la! i' #e'ig!e#
4 t1e #e'ig!/ la*o0t a!# o>ecti,e' of a co!ti!ge!c* +o!itori!g )la! #e'ig!e# to #eal -it1 'it0atio!' o0t'i#e t1e
e!,elo)e of e")ecte# '*'te+ )erfor+a!ce/ -1ic1 +a* i!cl0#e a##itio!al +o!itori!g to #e'ig! a!# e,al0ate
ri'( treat+e!t/ a!# )o''il* t1e e'tali'1+e!t of a co!'0ltatio! )a!el of i!#e)e!#e!t 50alifie# e")ert'.
4.3.<.> ;valuate completeness
T1e )0r)o'e of t1i' 'te) i' to c1ec( t1at t1e Mo!itori!g Pla! i' co+)lete/ fit for )0r)o'e a!# i! co+)lia!ce -it1
reg0latio!'. T1e o)erator +a* e+)lo* a! e"ter!al )art* to )erfor+ t1i' 'te) i! or#er to otai! a! 0!ia'e#
,ie-)oi!t.
T1e o)erator or e"ter!al )art* '1all )erfor+ t1e follo-i!g acti,itie'3
4 c1ec( t1e 'tat0' of t1e )er+it a))licatio! -it1 re')ect to t1e o>ecti,e' #efi!e# i! Sec.<.?.A.%
4 c1ec( co+)lia!ce -it1 rele,a!t reg0latio!' C+a* ta(e t1e for+ of a #ialog0e -it1 t1e reg0lator6
4 c1ec( co+)lia!ce -it1 rele,a!t 'ta!#ar#'/ co#e' or g0i#eli!e'
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.- 'ermitting * 'age %"
4 co!#0ct f0rt1er tec1!ical 't0#ie' to 50a!tif* )artic0lar a')ect' of t1e 50alitati,e co't-e!efit a!al*'i' i! t1e
)re,io0' 'te)/ if re50ire#
4 c1ec( t1e fit!e''-for-)0r)o'e of t1e Mo!itori!g Pla! accor#i!g to t1e re50ire+e!t' i! Tale <-%.
$,+ C&mmun'#at'&n !lan
T1e o)erator '1all #e,elo) a Co++0!icatio! Pla! for re')o!#i!g to 'ig!ifica!t e,e!t'. T1e )la! '1all e
#e'ig!e# to facilitate 0!#er'ta!#i!g a+o!g i!ter!al a!# e"ter!al 'ta(e1ol#er' of t1e !at0re of t1e ri'(' )o'e#
* t1e e,e!t/ i!cl0#i!g it' )o''ile ca0'e'/ t1eir )ote!tial co!'e50e!ce' a!# ri'( treat+e!t.
T1e )la! '1all #e'crie -1e! a!# 1o- t1e o)erator -ill carr* o0t t1e follo-i!g actio!'3
4 co++0!icate to reg0lator'/ 'ta(e1ol#er' a!# t1e )0lic t1at a 'ig!ifica!t e,e!t 1a' ta(e! )lace
4 )ro,i#e i!for+atio! ao0t ri'( treat+e!t
4 co++0!icate i+)act o! t1e e!,iro!+e!t a!#Jor eco!o+ic re'o0rce'/ if a!*
4 e,al0ate t1e effecti,e!e'' of t1e co++0!icatio!.
$,4 Cl&(ure !lan
T1e o)erator '1all #e,elo) a 'torage 'ite Clo'0re Pla! t1at #e'crie' clo'0re re50ire+e!t' for a gi,e! 'torage
'ite a!# t1e 50alificatio! )roce'' t1at '1all e 0'e# to #e+o!'trate f0lfill+e!t of t1e'e re50ire+e!t'.
I! a##itio!/ t1e o)erator '1all i!cl0#e a )la! for lo!g-ter+ 'te-ar#'1i) i! t1e Clo'0re Pla! t1at i!cl0#e' t1e
follo-i!g co+)o!e!t'3
4 )la!' for +o!itori!g acti,itie' C#e'ig!/ la*o0t a!# o>ecti,e'6/ a' re50ire# * a))licale reg0latio!/ to
#etect 'ig!' of lea(age at t1e '0rface or i! '0'0rface e!,iro!+e!tal or eco!o+ic rece)tor'
4 a #e'cri)tio! of ri'( treat+e!t to a##re'' t1e +o't li(el* e,e!t' i#e!tifie# fro+ t1e clo'0re 50alificatio!
)roce''/ -1ic1 '1all i!cl0#e fl0i# +igratio! CCO
2
or ot1er-i'e6 ,ia -ell'
4 )la!' to !otif* f0t0re la!# a!# re'o0rce o-!er' of t1e 'torage 'ite a!# re+ai!i!g '0'0rface i!fra'tr0ct0re
4 a #e'cri)tio! of t1e e!tit* re')o!'ile for 0!#erta(i!g t1e lo!g-ter+ 'te-ar#'1i) )la!.
$$ Cl&(ure !erm't a..l'#at'&n <alternat'*e Ste. 3A F'-ure $:1=
$$1 General
T1e a))licatio! for a Clo'0re Per+it/ if a))licale/ '1o0l# ta(e t1e for+ of a &losure ?ualification $tatement
t1at i!cl0#e' t1e follo-i!g co+)o!e!t'3
4 a #e'cri)tio! of t1e &losure .asis
4 a! ;nvironmental $tatement for storage site closure
4 a $torage *erformance 1orecast for storage site closure
4 a 0onitoring *lan for storage site closure
4 a! @pdated &losure *lan.
T1e'e co+)o!e!t' are #e'crie# i! t1e follo-i!g 'ectio!' a!# re)re'e!t t1e o0t)0t of a 50alificatio! )roce''
for 'torage 'ite clo'0re.
T1i' 50alificatio! )roce'' '1all e carrie# o0t * t1e o)erator i! or#er to )ro,i#e '0fficie!t e,i#e!ce t1at a
gi,e! 'ite '1all f0lfil t1e clo'0re re50ire+e!t'. T1e )roce'' '1all follo- a 'tr0ct0re# a!# tra!')are!t a))roac1
ai+i!g to '1o- 1o- t1e o)erator 1a' +a!age# ri'(' -it1i! acce)tale le,el' #0ri!g t1e )ro>ect.
Ta)le $:1 Re2u'rement( "&r t8e @&n't&r'n- !lan
%
De'ig!e# to +o!itor 'torage 'ite )erfor+a!ce i! ter+' of 1ealt1/ 'afet* a!# t1e e!,iro!+e!t i! or#er to #etect earl* 'ig!'
of )ote!tial i+)act' a!# +ai!tai! )ro)er co!trol of i#e!tifie# ri'('.
2
De'ig!e# to ,erif* )re#icti,e +o#el' a!# )ro,i#e a a'i' for caliratio! a!# 0)#ati!g of +o#el' i! or#er to e!1a!ce
ca)ailit* to )re#ict f0t0re )erfor+a!ce.
3 De'ig!e# to ,erif* t1e +a'' of CO
2
'tore#.
? De'ig!e# to #e+o!'trate re50ire+e!t' for 'ite clo'0re/ if a))licale.
<
De'ig!e# to )ro,i#e reg0lator' a!# 'ta(e1ol#er' -it1 co!fi#e!ce t1at t1e 'torage 'ite i' a#e50atel* 0!#er'too# a!#
re+ai!' '0itale for CO
2
geological 'torage.
@
De'ig!e# to i#e!tif* tre!#' t1at +a* lea# to #e,iatio!' i! 'ite )erfor+a!ce e*o!# agree# li+it' '0fficie!tl* earl*
Cacce)te# * t1e o)erator a!# t1e reg0lator6 to allo- eit1er3
4 ti+el* i+)le+e!tatio! of a))ro)riate c1a!ge' to t1e Site De,elo)+e!t Pla!
4 ti+el* a!# 'afe '10t-#o-! of CO
2
i!>ectio!.
A
I!cl0#e' )roce#0re' for t1e Mo!itori!g Pla! to e )erio#icall* re,ie-e# a!# re,i'e# a' !ee#e# to '0))ort )ro-
acti,e ri'( +a!age+e!t a!# a#a)t to c1a!gi!g )ro>ect circ0+'ta!ce' a!# a#,a!ce' i! tec1!olog* or e't )ractice'.
B Allocate' re')o!'iilit* a!# acco0!tailit* for ti+el* a!# #ilige!t e"ec0tio! of t1e +o!itori!g acti,itie'.
D
I!cl0#e' )roce#0re' for e,al0ati!g t1e +o!itori!g acti,itie' a!# )roce''e' agai!'t #efi!e# )erfor+a!ce
re50ire+e!t'.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.- 'ermitting * 'age %%
T1e 50alificatio! )roce'' +a* e i!itiate# -1e! t1e o)erator 1a' co!cl0#e#/ a'e# o! a )reli+i!ar* a''e''+e!t/
t1at t1e re50ire+e!t' for 'ite clo'0re accor#i!g to a))licale reg0latio!' 1a,e ee! +et.
$$2 Closure Basis
T1e Clo'0re 8a'i' '1all i!cl0#e a li't of re50ire+e!t' t1at '1all e f0lfille# i! or#er for t1e 'torage 'ite to e
clo'e#. T1e'e re50ire+e!t' '1all i!cl0#e/ at lea't/ t1e re50ire+e!t' li'te# i! Tale <-2.
T1e Clo'0re 8a'i' #oc0+e!t '1o0l# al'o #e'crie t1e co!te"t i! -1ic1 t1e clo'0re 50alificatio! acti,it* i'
ta(i!g )lace. T1e co!te"t +a* e #e'crie# t1ro0g1 a!* a##itio!al re50ire+e!t' to t1e clo'0re 50alificatio!
)roce'' i+)o'e# */ for e"a+)le/ t1e follo-i!g3
4 t1e Storage Per+it
4 t1e Clo'0re Per+it
4 '0rface i!fra'tr0ct0re #eco++i''io!i!g reg0latio!'
4 -ell aa!#o!+e!t reg0latio!'
4 t1e o)eratorG' i!ter!al +a!age+e!t )roce''e'
4 ot1er co++ercial 'ta(e1ol#er' i! t1e 'torage 'ite
4 i!#e)e!#e!t ,erificatio!
4 o)erator' of '0'0rface #e,elo)+e!t' ao,e or elo- t1e i!>ectio! Io!e/ or of !ear* '0'0rface
#e,elo)+e!t' t1at +a* e")erie!ce )re''0re co++0!icatio! origi!ati!g fro+ t1e )la!!e# 'torage o)eratio!
4 e+i''io!' tra#i!g 'c1e+e' i! -1ic1 t1e )ro>ect -i'1e' to )artici)ate
4 fi!a!cial i!,e'tor'
4 local co++0!itie' a!# la!#o-!er'.
To e!'0re t1at t1e re50ire+e!t' i+)o'e# * a!* of t1e ao,e are 0!#er'too# a!# )ro)erl* acco0!te# for i! t1e
clo'0re 50alificatio! )roce''/ t1e o)erator '1o0l# co!'0lt -it1 re)re'e!tati,e' fro+ rele,a!t 'ta(e1ol#er'.
$$3 Environmental Statement for storage site closure
T1e o)erator '1all 0)#ate t1e E!,iro!+e!tal State+e!t fro+ Sec.<.?.? -it1 re')ect to3
4 a!* !at0ral c1a!ge' to t1e 'torage 'ite a!# '0rro0!#i!g e!,iro!+e!t
4 a!* +a!-+a#e c1a!ge' to t1e 'torage 'ite a!# '0rro0!#i!g e!,iro!+e!t C!ot relate# to t1e CO
2
'torage
acti,itie'6
4 a!* c1a!ge' to t1e 'torage 'ite a!# '0rro0!#i!g e!,iro!+e!t re'0lti!g fro+ t1e CO
2
'torage acti,itie'
4 a!* c1a!ge' to e!,iro!+e!tal +o!itori!g target' or t1eir t1re'1ol# ,al0e'
4 a!* c1a!ge' to e!,iro!+e!tal reg0latio!'
4 )ote!tial i+)act' fro+ 'torage 'ite #eco++i''io!i!g.
$$, Storage Performance Forecast for storage site closure
T1e o)erator '1all 0)#ate t1e Storage Perfor+a!ce 2oreca't fro+ Sec.<.?.< -it1 re')ect to 1i'torical
)erfor+a!ce #ata. T1i' 'te) '1all 1el) f0lfil t1e follo-i!g clo'0re re50ire+e!t'3
4 )ro,i#e t1e e,i#e!ce t1at t1e 'torage 'ite i' -ell 0!#er'too# a!# t1at )erfor+a!ce ca! e )re#icte# after
clo'0re CRe50ire+e!t % i! Tale <-%6
4 #efi!e a li+ite# !0+er of (e* +o!itori!g target' t1at +a* e 0'e# to )ro,i#e a''0ra!ce of lo!g-ter+
co!tai!+e!t CRe50ire+e!t ? i! Tale <-%6.
Rele,a!t 1i'torical #ata t1at '1all e co+)ile# #0ri!g t1i' 'te) i!cl0#e'3
4 o)eratio!al log' t1at #oc0+e!t t1e 1i'tor* of 'torage 'ite o)eratio!'
4 +o!itori!g log' t1at #oc0+e!t a!# +a) t1e 1i'tor* of t1e +o!itori!g a!# ,erificatio! acti,itie'
4 a! 0)#ate# ri'( regi'ter #oc0+e!ti!g 1o- ri'(' 1a,e ee! a''e''e# a!# +a!age# t1ro0g1o0t t1e life c*cle
of t1e 'torage 'ite/ i!cl0#i!g #e'cri)tio! of rea'o!' for 0)gra#i!g or #o-!gra#i!g ri'(' #0ri!g t1e life c*cle
of t1e 'torage 'ite
4 #e'cri)tio! of 1o- (e* 0!certai!tie' 1a,e ee! a!al*Ie# a!# +a!age# t1ro0g1o0t t1e life c*cle of t1e
'torage 'ite/ a!# re,ie- of (e* #eci'io!' +a#e i! lig1t of t1e'e 0!certai!tie'
4 co+)ilatio! of ri'( )erfor+a!ce target'/ i!cl0#i!g a recor# of c1a!ge' +a#e #0ri!g t1e life c*cle of t1e
'torage 'ite a!# a #e'cri)tio! of t1e rea'o!' for t1e'e c1a!ge'
Ta)le $:2 Re2u'rement( "&r (t&ra-e ('te #l&(ure
%6 A re50ire+e!t for #oc0+e!te#
e,i#e!ce t1at t1e 'torage 'ite i'
'0fficie!tl* 0!#er'too# to )re#ict
it' f0t0re )erfor+a!ce3
a6 act0al 'torage )erfor+a!ce #0ri!g t1e i!>ectio! )1a'e of t1e )ro>ect 1a' ee!
co!'i'te!t -it1 t1e i!itial a!# 0)#ate# Storage Perfor+a!ce 2oreca't'
6 act0al 'torage )erfor+a!ce after t1e ce''atio! of i!>ectio! 1a' ee! co!'i'te!t
-it1 t1e 0)#ate# Storage Perfor+a!ce 2oreca't'.
26 20rt1er ri'( treat+e!t i' !ot re50ire#.
36 All -ell' t1at )e!etrate t1e 'torage co+)le" 1a,e a#e50ate -ell i!tegrit*.
?6 A''0ra!ce of lo!g-ter+ co!tai!+e!t ca! e +ai!tai!e# * o'er,atio! of a li+ite# !0+er of (e* +o!itori!g target'.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.- 'ermitting * 'age %+
4 co+)ilatio! of re'0lt' a!# co!cl0'io!' #ra-! fro+ +o!itori!g/ +o#elli!g a!# ri'( a''e''+e!t' to '0))ort
#e+o!'tratio! of co+)lia!ce -it1 'ite clo'0re re50ire+e!t'/ i!cl0#i!g #e'cri)tio! of 1o- geo+ec1a!ical
a!# flo- 'i+0latio! +o#el' 1a,e ee! calirate# or a#>0'te#
4 1i'torical 'torage )erfor+a!ce relati,e to )re#ictio!' fro+ +o#elli!g a!# 'i+0latio!.
Co!'i'te!c* of act0al a!# )re#icte# 'torage )erfor+a!ce '1all e #e+o!'trate# *3
4 a co!,ergi!g tre!# et-ee! t1e co+)ari'o!' o,er ti+e
4 +o#el caliratio!' * 1i'tor* +atc1i!g !o lo!ger alter t1e 0!#er'ta!#i!g of t1e 'torage 'ite c1aracteri'tic'
i! a -a* t1at 'ig!ifica!tl* i!fl0e!ce' t1e )erfor+a!ce )re#ictio!'
4 t1e 0!certai!t* a!# o! t1e )re#ictio!' of CO
2
)l0+e +igratio! a!# )re''0re #e,elo)+e!t i' -it1i!
acce)tale li+it'.
$$$ Monitoring Plan for storage site closure
T1e o)erator '1all 0)#ate t1e Mo!itori!g Pla! CSec.<.?.A6 -it1 re')ect to t1e re,i'e# li't of (e* +o!itori!g
target' #efi!e# i! t1e 0)#ate# Storage Perfor+a!ce 2oreca't CSec.<.<.%.?6.
$$/ Updated Closure Plan
T1e o)erator '1all 0)#ate t1e Clo'0re Pla! fro+ Sec.<.?.D -it1 re')ect to3
4 a!* 0)#ate' to t1e clo'0re re50ire+e!t'
4 t1e re,i'e# li't of (e* +o!itori!g target' #efi!e# i! t1e 0)#ate# Storage Perfor+a!ce 2oreca't CSec.<.?.<6
4 a!* 0)#ate' to ri'( treat+e!t #0e to a#,a!ce' i! tec1!olog*
4 a!* c1a!ge' to 'ta(e1ol#er co+)o'itio! Cfor e"a+)le * c1a!ge of la!# o-!er'1i)6.
$/ E*aluate #&m.letene(( <Ste. ,A F'-ure $:1=
T1e )0r)o'e of t1i' 'te) i' to c1ec( t1at t1e )er+it a))licatio! i' co+)lete/ fit for )0r)o'e a!# i! co+)lia!ce
-it1 reg0latio!'. T1e o)erator '1o0l# )erfor+ t1e follo-i!g acti,itie'3
4 c1ec( t1e 'tat0' of t1e )er+it a))licatio! -it1 re')ect to t1e re50ire+e!t' #e'crie# i! Ste) % CSec.<.26
4 c1ec( co+)lia!ce -it1 rele,a!t reg0latio!'
4 c1ec( co+)lia!ce -it1 rele,a!t 'ta!#ar#'/ co#e' or g0i#eli!e'
4 c1ec( t1e fit!e''-for-)0r)o'e of t1e )er+it a))licatio!.
I! t1e ca'e t1at t1e )er+it a))licatio! i' a Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla!/ t1e! t1e re50ire+e!t' i! Tale <-3 '1all
e 0'e# to c1ec( it' fit!e''-for-)0r)o'e.
$1 Su)m't a..l'#at'&n <Ste. $A F'-ure $:1=
T1e o)erator '1o0l# '0+it t1e a))licatio! i! 50e'tio! accor#i!g to t1e re50ire+e!t' ')ecifie# i! Ste) %
CSec.<.26.
Ta)le $:3 Re2u'rement( "&r a St&ra-e De*el&.ment !lan
% Storage De,elo)+e!t Pla! i' tailore# to t1e 0!i50e c1aracteri'tic' of t1e 'torage 'ite.
2
T1e C1aracteriIatio! Re)ort )ro,i#e' a '0fficie!tl* #etaile# a!# reliale #e'cri)tio! of t1e 'torage 'ite to
#e+o!'trate a!# co!fir+ t1e '0itailit* of t1e 'torage 'ite for e!,iro!+e!tall* 'afe lo!g-ter+ CO
2
geological
'torage.
3
T1e I!>ectio! a!# O)erati!g Pla! #oc0+e!t' t1e tec1!ical a!# eco!o+ic fea'iilit* of t1e CO
2
i!>ectio!
o)eratio!'.
?
T1e E!,iro!+e!tal State+e!t #e'crie' all )ote!tial co!'e50e!ce' to e!,iro!+e!tal rece)tor' t1at +a* 'te+ fro+
t1e ri'(' i! t1e ri'( regi'ter/ a!# #oc0+e!t' t1e a!al*'i' t1at i' 0'e# to #eter+i!e i+)act 'ig!ifica!ce t1re'1ol#'
for t1e'e rece)tor'.
<
T1e re'0lt' of )re#icti,e +o#elli!g t1at are #oc0+e!te# i! t1e Storage Perfor+a!ce 2oreca't are a'e# o! t1e
I!>ectio! a!# O)erati!g Pla!.
@
T1e Storage Perfor+a!ce 2oreca't )ro,i#e' '0fficie!t 0!#er'ta!#i!g of co!tai!+e!t a!# )erfor+a!ce ri'(' to
for+ a ro0't a'i' for #e'ig! of t1e Mo!itori!g a!# Ri'( Ma!age+e!t Pla!'.
A
T1e )re#icti,e +o#el' 0'e# * t1e o)erator are ca)ale of #e+o!'trati!g a#e50ate co!for+a!ce -it1 o'er,atio!'
to '0'tai! CO
2
i!>ectio! o)eratio!' C'0))ort re!e-al of 'torage )er+it6 a!# allo- for ti+el* 'ite clo'0re.
B T1e Ri'( Ma!age+e!t Pla! i' '0itale for t1e 'torage 'ite a!# -ill e!'0re t1at ri'(' are a))ro)riatel* +a!age#.
D
T1e Mo!itori!g Pla! gi,e' a''0ra!ce t1at ri'(' ca! e co!trolle# at Pacce)taleQ le,el' C'ee re50ire+e!t' i! Tale
<-%6.
%0
T1e Co++0!icatio! Pla! i' a))ro)riate to t1e le,el of (!o-le#ge ao0t CO
2
geological 'torage i! ge!eral a!# t1e
CCS )ro>ect i! )artic0lar a+o!g rele,a!t 'ta(e1ol#er'/ a!# i' '0ite# to a##re'' t1e co!cer!' t1at +a* ari'e.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec./ &isk management * 'age %-
/ R'(0 mana-ement
/1 %ntr&du#t'&n
T1e )0r)o'e of ri'( +a!age+e!t i' to e!'0re t1at o))ort0!itie' a!# ri'(' relate# to t1e geological 'torage of
CO
2
at a gi,e! 'ite are effecti,el* +a!age# i! a! acc0rate/ ala!ce#/ tra!')are!t a!# traceale -a*. T1e
reco++e!#e# ri'( +a!age+e!t )roce'' i' +o#ifie# fro+ ISO 3%000 to ta(e acco0!t of ')ecific co!'i#eratio!'
for CO
2
geological 'torage a!# i' ill0'trate# i! 2ig0re @-%.
F'-ure /:1
Re#&mmended r'(0 mana-ement .r&#e(( "&r CO2 -e&l&-'#al (t&ra-e
T1i' )roce'' i' #e'ig!e# to3
4 r0! i! )arallel -it1 t1e )ro>ect life c*cle 'tage' i! 2ig0re 2-%
4 )ro,i#e CO
2
'torage o)erator' -it1 #eci'io! '0))ort at (e* )ro>ect +ile'to!e'
4 re#0ce co't a!# 'c1e#0le ri'(' #0ri!g 'torage 'ite Scree!i!g a!# A))rai'al
4 i+)ro,e 'torage )erfor+a!ce #0ri!g t1e O)erate 'tage
4 i!crea'e t1e li(eli1oo# of otai!i!g Storage a!# Clo'0re Per+it' i! a ti+el* +a!!er.
T1e )roce'' 'te)' '1o-! i! 2ig0re @-% are #e'crie# elo-.
/2 R'(0 mana-ement #&nte3t
/21 General
T1e o)erator '1all e'tali'1 t1e co!te"t of t1eir ri'( +a!age+e!t )roce'' *3
4 #efi!i!g t1e )ro>ect o>ecti,e' CSec.@.2.26
4 #efi!i!g t1e re')o!'iilitie' for a!# -it1i! t1e ri'( +a!age+e!t )roce''
4 #efi!i!g t1e 'co)e of t1e ri'( +a!age+e!t )roce'' CSec.@.2.36
4 i#e!tif*i!g a!# ')ecif*i!g t1e #eci'io!' t1at 1a,e to e +a#e
4 #efi!i!g t1e co!'e50e!ce categorie' to e 0'e# CSec.@.2.?6
4 #efi!i!g t1e ri'( e,al0atio! criteria to e 0'e# CSec.@.2.<6.
/22 !r&7e#t &)7e#t'*e(
T1e o)erator '1all #efi!e o>ecti,e' for t1e )ro>ect i! 50e'tio! t1at are alig!e# -it1 orga!i'atio!al goal'.
E1erea' goal' +a* e 1ig1 le,el 'tate+e!t' t1at )ro,i#e a! o,erall co!te"t for -1at t1e o)erator i' tr*i!g to
ac1ie,e/ t1e o>ecti,e' '1all #e'crie t1e ')ecific/ ta!gile re'0lt' t1at a gi,e! )ro>ect -ill #eli,er.
Pro>ect o>ecti,e' '1all e ')ecific/ +ea'0rale/ ac1ie,ale/ reali'tic a!# ti+e li+ite#.
/23 S#&.e
Tale @-% #e'crie' i!ter!al a!# e"ter!al factor' t1at a! o)erator '1all ta(e i!to acco0!t -1e! #efi!i!g t1e
'co)e of t1e ri'( +a!age+e!t )roce''.
E'tali'1
co!te"t
A''e'' ri'('3
• I#e!tif*
• A!al*Ie
• E,al0ate
Pla! a!#
a''e'' ri'(
treat+e!t
Mo!itor/ re,ie- a!# #oc0+e!t
Iterate ;
calirate
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec./ &isk management * 'age %/
/2, C&n(e2uen#e #ate-&r'e(
Ri'(' +a* e 0'ef0ll* gro0)e# i!to categorie' accor#i!g to t1e !at0re of t1eir co!'e50e!ce'. T1e co!'e50e!ce
categorie' for ri'( +a!age+e!t of a CO
2
'torage 'ite '1all i!cl0#e t1e follo-i!g3
4 10+a! 1ealt1 a!# 'afet*
4 e!,iro!+e!tal )rotectio!
4 'torage 'ite co!tai!+e!t
4 'torage 'ite )erfor+a!ce.
T1e co!'e50e!ce categorie' '1o0l# al'o i!cl0#e t1e follo-i!g3
4 legal a!# reg0lator* co+)lia!ce
4 co't
4 'c1e#0le
4 re)0tatio!.
A! o)erator +a* 0'e a##itio!al categorie' a' a))ro)riate.
Sta(e1ol#er ,ie-' a!# ri'( )erce)tio!' '1all e a#e50atel* 0!#er'too# a!# a))ro)riatel* co!'i#ere# -1e!
')ecif*i!g co!'e50e!ce categorie'. To t1i' e!#/ 'ta(e1ol#er'G ,al0e'/ a''0+)tio!'/ ca)ailitie'/ a!# co!cer!'
t1at +a* i+)act #eci'io!' a'e# o! ri'( co!'i#eratio!' or 1i!#er t1e ac1ie,e+e!t of o>ecti,e' '1all e
i#e!tifie# a!# recor#e#.
/2$ R'(0 e*aluat'&n #r'ter'a
T1e o)erator '1all #efi!e ri'( e,al0atio! criteria to e 0'e# to e,al0ate t1e 'ig!ifica!ce of ri'(. T1e criteria '1all
e alig!e# -it1 t1e )ro>ect o>ecti,e' a!# +a* e #eri,e# fro+ reg0latio!'/ 'ta!#ar#'/ reco++e!#e# )ractice'
or ot1er re50ire+e!t'.
T1e o)erator '1all co!'i#er t1e follo-i!g factor' -1e! #efi!i!g ri'( e,al0atio! criteria for a CO
2
'torage 'ite3
Ta)le /:1 %nternal and e3ternal "a#t&r( a""e#t'n- t8e r'(0 mana-ement #&nte3t
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% Nat0ral e!,iro!+e!t3 +eteorolog*/ '0rfaceJ+ari!e e!,iro!+e!t Cecolog*/ -il#life/ ota!ic/ )ar('
a!# re'er,e'/ etc.6/ io')1ere/ 1*#ro')1ere/ a!# geo')1ere Ci!cl0#i!g geolog*/ 1*#rogeolog*/
geoc1e+i'tr*/ tecto!ic' a!# 'ei'+icit*6.
2 Re'o0rce'3 gro0!#-ater/ 1*#rocaro! a!# +i!eral re'er,e'/ coal 'ea+'/ geot1er+al e!erg*.
3 I!fra'tr0ct0re a!# facilitie'3 0il#i!g'/ tra!')ortatio! corri#or' Croa#'/ railroa#'/ )i)eli!e'/ etc.6/
)o-er #i'tri0tio! li!e'/ oil a!# ga' )ro#0ctio! a!# )roce''i!g facilitie'/ -ell'/ gro0!#-ater
re'er,oir'.
? S0'0rface #e,elo)+e!t'3 1*#rocaro! )ro#0ctio!/ +i!eral e"tractio!/ +i!i!g/ -a'te #i')o'al/
!at0ral ga' 'torage/ aci# ga' #i')o'al/ geot1er+al e!erg* co!,er'io!.
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< De+ogra)1ic/ 1i'torical a!# c0lt0ral factor' t1at ca! i!fl0e!ce 1o- t1e )ro>ect -ill affect or e
,ie-e# * 'ta(e1ol#er'.
@ Political ele+e!t' a!# tre!#' t1at +a* i!fl0e!ce t1e )erce)tio! a!#Jor fi!a!ci!g of a 'torage 'ite.
A Geogra)1ic a!# te+)oral eco!o+ic factor'/ i!cl0#i!g )o''ile effect' of t1e )ro>ect 0)o! t1e local
eco!o+*.
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B Rele,a!t #irecti,e'/ act' a!# reg0latio!' a))licale to 'torage 'ite' a!# a!* acti,e i!itiati,e' to
i!tro#0ce !e- or +o#if* e"i'ti!g #irecti,e'/ act' or reg0latio!'.
D Rele,a!t co#e'/ 'ta!#ar#'/ )rotocol' a!# g0i#eli!e' t1at +a* 'er,e to g0i#e ri'( +a!age+e!t a!#
facilitate #e+o!'tratio! of co+)lia!ce -it1 reg0latio!'/ act' a!# #irecti,e'.
%0 Ma!0al' t1at #oc0+e!t c0rre!t i!#0'tr* )ractice a!# g0i#e co't-effecti,e i+)le+e!tatio! of CO
2

'torage tec1!olog* a!# i! accor#a!ce -it1 e't i!#0'tr* )ractice.
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%% Eco!o+ic o-!er'1i)/ co!tri0tio!' a!# liailitie' for eac1 co+)o!e!t i! t1e CCS '*'te+.
%2 O)eratorG' re')o!'iilit* a!# a0t1orit* li+itatio!/ i!cl0#i!g it' re'o0rce' a!# co++it+e!t to ri'(
+a!age+e!t.
%3 E")erie!ce of t1e orga!iIatio!' i!,ol,e# i! t1e )ro>ect to a##re'' ri'(' t1ro0g1 t1e #e,elo)+e!t a!#
i+)le+e!tatio! of a co+)re1e!'i,e ri'( +a!age+e!t )la!.
%? A,ailale re'o0rce'/ ca)acitie' a!# ca)ailitie' for )erfor+i!g i'olate# f0!ctio!' -it1 re')ect to t1e
'torage 'ite a!# for i!tegratio! acro'' all )ro>ect co+)o!e!t' i! t1e )ro>ect a!# i! t1e total CCS
'*'te+.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec./ &isk management * 'age %0
4 t1e #i'ti!ctio! et-ee! ri'(' to )erfor+a!ce a!# co!tai!+e!t Cco++ercial ,er'0' e!,iro!+e!tal criteria
for e"a+)le6
4 t1e ti+efra+e of refere!ce for a gi,e! ri'( C#iffere!t for o)eratio!al a!# )o't-clo'0re ri'('/ a+o!g't ot1er'6
4 1o- li(eli1oo# +a* e #efi!e# C50alitati,el* or 50a!titati,el* a' a )roailit* or fre50e!c*6
4 t1e ,ie-' of 'ta(e1ol#er' Cfor e"a+)le co++ercial )art!er'6
4 1o- co+i!atio!' of +0lti)le ri'(' +a* e li!(e# toget1er to create ri'( 'ce!ario' Cfor e"a+)le lea(age of
for+atio! fl0i#' to '0rface alo!g a! aa!#o!e# -ell6.
4 t1e le,el at -1ic1 a gi,e! ri'( eco+e' acce)tale or tolerale Cfor e"a+)le t1e fre50e!c* ,al0e' t1at
corre')o!# to t1e t1ree regio!' i! 2ig0re @-26.
T1e le,el of a ri'( +a* e 0!acce)tale/ tolerale or roa#l* acce)tale3
4 unacceptable = ri'(' ca!!ot e >0'tifie# e"ce)t i! e"traor#i!ar* circ0+'ta!ce'
4 tolerable or as low as reasonably practicable (AAA)* = ri'(' are tolerale if f0rt1er ri'( re#0ctio! i'
i+)racticale or t1e co't' of a##itio!al ri'( re#0ci!g +ea'0re' are #i')ro)ortio!ate to t1e i+)ro,e+e!t
gai!e#K
4 broadly acceptable = !o !ee# for #etaile# effort to #e+o!'trate t1at ri'(' are re#0ce# A$ARP.
T1e'e le,el' are ill0'trate# i! 2ig0re @-2.
F'-ure /:2
;e*el( &" r'(0 t8at (8&uld )e u(ed t& e(ta)l'(8 r'(0 e*aluat'&n #r'ter'a
/3 R'(0 A((e((ment
/31 General
T1e o)erator '1all a''e'' ri'(' 0'i!g t1e t1ree 'tage a))roac1 #e'crie# elo-.
/32 R'(0 'dent'"'#at'&n
T1e o)erator '1all )erfor+ a co+)re1e!'i,e ri'( i#e!tificatio! )roce'' t1at co!'i#er' all rele,a!t ri'('/ a!#
#oc0+e!t' i! a tra!')are!t/ traceale a!# co!'i'te!t +a!!er -1ic1 t1reat'/ e,e!t' a!# co!'e50e!ce' 1a,e ee!
co!'i#ere#.
T1e ri'( i#e!tificatio! )roce'' '1all e tailore# to t1e rele,a!t 'tage of #e,elo)+e!t for a )ro>ect/ for e"a+)le
Scree!i!g ri'( a''e''+e!t CSec.?.2.@6 or A))rai'al ri'( a''e''+e!t CSec.?.3.@6.
T1e follo-i!g acti,itie' '1all e )erfor+e#3
4 i#e!tificatio! of t1reat' to t1e co!'e50e!ce categorie' e'tali'1e# i! t1e ri'( +a!age+e!t co!te"t
CSec.@.2.?6.
4 i#e!tificatio! of a##itio!al t1reat' relate# to !o,el a')ect' of t1e )ro>ect/ for e"a+)le3
4 0!i50e feat0re' of t1e 'torage 'ite 0!#er co!'i#eratio!
4 tec1!ical or orga!i'atio!al a')ect' t1at are o0t'i#e t1e o)eratorG' e")erie!ce.
4 i#e!tificatio! a!# #e'cri)tio! of ri'( 'ce!ario' for eac1 t1reat co!tai!i!g3
4 o!e or +ore t1reat-e,e!t 'ce!ario'
4 o!e or +ore e,e!t-co!'e50e!ce 'ce!ario'.
4 co+)ari'o! of i#e!tifie# ri'( 'ce!ario' -it1 a! ac(!o-le#ge# #ataa'e of t1reat'/ e,e!t' a!# co!'e50e!ce'
;nacceptable
&egion
<roadly cceptable
or Negligible &egion
Tolerable or
=&' &egion
&isks cannot be 1ustified
e6cept in e6traordinary
circumstances
Tolerable only if risk
reduction is impracticable
or if the cost is grossly
disproportionate to the
improvement gained
No need for detailed effort
to demonstrate =&'
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec./ &isk management * 'age %9
4 #e'cri)tio! of e!,iro!+e!tal a!# eco!o+ic rece)tor' t1at +a* e !egati,el* i+)acte# * )ote!tial lo'' of
co!tai!+e!t or geo+ec1a!ical re')o!'e' to t1e CO
2
i!>ectio! a!# 'torage o)eratio!'.
4 i#e!tificatio! of i!ter#e)e!#e!cie' et-ee! #iffere!t ri'( 'ce!ario'/ i!cl0#i!g )ote!tial for ca'ca#i!g
effect' t1at +a* i!crea'e li(eli1oo# of occ0rre!ce or 'e,erit* of co!'e50e!ce'.
/33 R'(0 Analy('(
Ri'( a!al*'i' ai+' to e!1a!ce t1e 0!#er'ta!#i!g of ri'('/ i!cl0#i!g t1e !at0re of t1e ri'( it'elf/ t1e li(eli1oo#
of occ0rre!ce a!# t1e 'e,erit* of )ote!tial co!'e50e!ce' to t1e rele,a!t co!'e50e!ce categorie' for eac1 ri'(.
T1e ri'( a!al*'i' '1all3
4 e tec1!icall* #efe!'ile a!# a'e# o! e't a,ailale (!o-le#ge or 'cie!tific rea'o!i!g
4 a''e'' t1e ')a! of )o''ile '*'te+ )erfor+a!ce 'ce!ario'/ a!# e,al0ate ri'( treat+e!t o)tio!'
4 )ro,i#e t1e tec1!ical a'i' for e,al0ati!g ri'('/ a!#/ -1e!e,er )racticall* fea'ile/ a''e'' a!# 50a!tif* t1e
#egree of 0!certai!t* i! t1e le,el of ri'(.
E1ere '0fficie!t a!# #e+o!'tral* rele,a!t #ata ca! e otai!e#/ 50a!tificatio! of li(eli1oo# a!# co!'e50e!ce
'1all e a'e# o! a))ro)riate 'cie!tific rea'o!i!g or a0#itale 'tati'tic' a!#Jor calc0latio!'. Ot1er-i'e/
50a!tificatio! '1all e a'e# 0)o! t1e #oc0+e!te# >0#g+e!t of e")ert' -1o are 50alifie# i! ter+' of a))licale
)rofe''io!al e")erti'e a!# )ro>ect (!o-le#ge.
Care '1all e e"erci'e# to e!'0re t1at t1e re'0lt' of t1e ri'( e,al0atio! e"1iit rea'o!ale acc0rac*. If
'ig!ifica!t 0!certai!t* relate# to ri'( +ag!it0#e e"i't'/ relati,e to t1e ri'( e,al0atio! criteria/ t1e! t1e #egree
of 0!certai!t* '1all e +o#elle# t1ro0g1 'e!'iti,it* 't0#ie' or 'ce!ario a!al*'e' a!# e 0'e# to )ro,i#e
rea'o!ale 0!certai!t* a!#'.
Gu'dan#e n&te?
T1e o)erator '1all #i'ti!g0i'1 et-ee! t1e follo-i!g t-o roa# categorie' of 0!certai!t* t1at are rele,a!t to
geological 'torage 'ite'3
4 0!certai!t* a''ociate# -it1 t1e #e'cri)tio! of t1e 'torage 'ite i!cl0#i!g t1e 'ite c1aracteri'tic'/ e!gi!eere#
co+)o!e!t'/ a!# !at0ral )roce''e' a!# t1eir i!teractio! -it1 t1e e!,iro!+e!t
4 t1e #egree to -1ic1 t1e co!ce)t0al a!# +at1e+atical +o#el' are re)re'e!tati,e of t1e act0al '*'te+.
---e-!-#---of---G-0-i-#-a-!-c-e---!-o-t-e---
T1e o)erator '1all #oc0+e!t i! a tra!')are!t/ traceale a!# co!'i'te!t +a!!er 1o- eac1 of t1e follo-i!g
acti,itie' 1a' ee! )erfor+e# i! t1e ri'( a!al*'i' )roce''3
4 a!al*'i' of li(eli1oo# of occ0rre!ce for eac1 i#e!tifie# ri'( 'ce!ario
4 a!al*'i' of 'e,erit* of )ote!tial co!'e50e!ce' to t1e co!'e50e!ce categorie' for eac1 i#e!tifie# ri'(
'ce!ario
4 a!al*'i' of 0!certai!t* i! t1e li(eli1oo# of occ0rre!ce a!# 'e,erit* of )ote!tial co!'e50e!ce' for eac1 ri'(
'ce!ario
4 i#e!tificatio! of +ea'0re' to re#0ce or +a!age 0!certai!t* t1at ca! i!fl0e!ce t1e ri'( e,al0atio! a!#Jor
'electio! of ri'( treat+e!t/ a!# a''e''+e!t of t1e effecti,e!e'' of t1e'e +ea'0re'
4 i#e!tificatio! a!# ,i'0aliIatio! of ri'( co!trol' i! a! e,e!t-foc0'e# -a*3
4 )re,e!ti,e co!trol' t1at +a* e a))lie# to t1reat-e,e!t 'ce!ario'
4 +itigati,e co!trol' Ci!cl0#i!g correcti,e co!trol'6 t1at +a* e a))lie# to e,e!t-co!'e50e!ce 'ce!ario'
C'ee 2ig0re @-3 for a! e"a+)le6
4 a''e''+e!t of t1e 0!certai!t* a''ociate# -it1 t1e effecti,e!e'' of ri'( co!trol'
4 i#e!tificatio! of +o!itori!g target' a!# )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' for +o!itori!g tec1!ologie'
C'e!'iti,itie' a!# ')atial a!# te+)oral re'ol0tio! a!# co,erage6 re50ire# for ti+el* i+)le+e!tatio! of
a))ro)riate ri'( treat+e!t
4 i#e!tificatio! of #ata re50ire+e!t' a!# +o#elli!g a!# 'i+0latio! 't0#ie' to e )erfor+e# to '0))ort t1e ri'(
a!al*'i'
4 a!al*'i' of c0+0lati,e li(eli1oo# t1at t1e re')ecti,e ri'( e,e!t' +a* occ0r
4 a!al*'i' of c0+0lati,e li(eli1oo# t1at 'ig!ifica!t !egati,e i+)act to t1e re')ecti,e co!'e50e!ce categorie'
+a* occ0r.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec./ &isk management * 'age %:
F'-ure /:3
E3am.le &" r'(0 #&ntr&l *'(ual'(at'&n t8at may )e u(ed t& (u..&rt r'(0 analy('(
/3, R'(0 e*aluat'&n
T1e )0r)o'e of ri'( e,al0atio! i' to 0'e t1e o0tco+e of ri'( a!al*'i' to a''i't i! +a(i!g #eci'io!' ao0t -1ic1
ri'(' !ee# treat+e!t a!# t1eir or#er of )riorit*.
Ri'( e,al0atio! #eter+i!e' t1e 'ig!ifica!ce a!# tolerailit*Jacce)tailit* of ri'(' a!# 'et' t1e )erfor+a!ce
re50ire+e!t' for ri'( treat+e!t. T1e )la!!i!g of ri'( treat+e!t actio!' i' #e'crie# i! Sec.@.?.
T1e o)erator '1all #oc0+e!t i! a tra!')are!t/ traceale a!# co!'i'te!t +a!!er 1o- eac1 of t1e follo-i!g
acti,itie' 1a' ee! )erfor+e# for eac1 ri'( i! t1e )ro>ect ri'( regi'ter3
4 i#e!tificatio! of ri'(' t1at re50ire treat+e!t a'e# o! t1e re'0lt' of ri'( a!al*'i'
4 )rioritiIatio! of t1e'e ri'('
4 #oc0+e!tatio! of t1e le,el of ri'( )rior to ri'( treat+e!t
4 ')ecificatio! of t1e target ri'( le,el' to e ac1ie,e# * ri'( treat+e!t.
/, R'(0 treatment
Ri'( treat+e!t i!,ol,e' 'electi!g o!e or +ore o)tio!' for +o#if*i!g ri'(' a!# i+)le+e!ti!g t1o'e o)tio!'.
T1e o)erator '1all #e,elo) a ri'( treat+e!t )la! for t1e rele,a!t ri'(' t1at -ere i#e!tifie# a!# )rioritiIe# #0ri!g
ri'( e,al0atio!. T1i' )la! '1all #oc0+e!t i! a tra!')are!t/ traceale a!# co!'i'te!t +a!!er 1o- eac1 of t1e
follo-i!g acti,itie' 1a' ee! )erfor+e# for a 'electe# ri'(3
4 i#e!tificatio! of t1e ri'( treat+e!t o)tio!' t1at are
4 co't-effecti,e
4 #o !ot i!tro#0ce ot1er 'ig!ifica!t ri'(' t1at o0t-eig1 )ote!tial e!efit' of t1e treat+e!t
4 e,al0atio! of t1e follo-i!g ri'( treat+e!t o)tio!' i! or#er of )refere!ce3
4 a,oi# ri'(
4 re+o,e t1reat
4 re#0ce li(eli1oo#
4 re#0ce co!'e50e!ce'
4 '1are t1e ri'( -it1 a!ot1er )art* or )artie'
4 retai! a!# tolerate t1e ri'( * i!for+e# #eci'io!
4 )rioritiIatio! of ri'( treat+e!t o)tio!'/ i!cl0#i!g t1e or#er i! -1ic1 ri'( co!trol' '1all e i+)le+e!te#
4 ')ecificatio! of ri'( )erfor+a!ce target' for all 'ig!ifica!t ri'(' i!cl0#i!g3
4 target ri'( le,el'
4 )la!!e# ri'( treat+e!t to co!trol a!# +ai!tai! t1e ri'( at or elo- t1i' le,el
4 e,al0atio! of 0!certai!t* attac1e# to ri'( le,el'/ ot1 )re-+itigatio! a!# )o't-+itigatio!3
4 i! t1e ca'e t1at 'ig!ifica!t 0!certai!t* e"i't'/ t1e o)erator '1all e")lai! 1o- 0!certai!t* i' ta(e! i!to
acco0!t a!# #efe!# -1* t1e ri'( treat+e!t )la! i' ro0't -it1 re')ect to targete# ri'( le,el'
4 )la!!i!g of co!ti!ge!c* +ea'0re' for +a!agi!g co!cei,ale/ 0t 0!e")ecte# circ0+'ta!ce' or i!ci#e!t'
t1at carr* ri'(' or gi,e ri'e to !egati,e i+)act' to co!'e50e!ce categorie'.
2ollo-i!g i+)le+e!tatio! of ri'( treat+e!t t1e o)erator '1all e,al0ate t1e le,el of ri'( i! or#er to #eter+i!e
if a gi,e! ri'( )erfor+a!ce target 1a' ee! +et C'ee Sec.@.<6.
Threat *5vent ,cenario 5vent
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DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec./ &isk management * 'age +#
Ri'( treat+e!t )la!' '1all e re,ie-e# a!# re,i'e# a' re50ire# i! or#er to e!'0re t1at ri'(' re+ai! acce)tale
t1ro0g1o0t t1e life c*cle of t1e 'torage 'ite.
/$ R'(0 mana-ement re*'e6 and d&#umentat'&n
/$1 General
T1e ri'( a''e''+e!t re'0lt' '1all e re,i'ite# a' re50ire# to e!'0re t1at c1a!ge' i! t1e co!te"t for ri'(
+a!age+e!t are #etecte# i! a ti+el* +a!!er/ a!# t1at t1e ri'( +a!age+e!t )la! co!ti!0e' to e '0itale for
t1e 'torage 'ite.
Re,ie-' of t1e ri'( +a!age+e!t )roce'' '1all e e"ec0te# o! a reg0lar a'i' a!# #oc0+e!te# i! a tra!')are!t
a!# traceale +a!!er t1ro0g1o0t t1e life c*cle of a 'torage 'ite. T1e re')o!'iilitie' for +o!itori!g a!# re,ie-
'1all e clearl* #efi!e#.
/$2 !r&#e((
T1e +o!itori!g a!# re,ie- of t1e ri'( +a!age+e!t )roce'' '1all e,al0ate co+)lia!ce -it1 t1e follo-i!g
re50ire+e!t'3
4 ri'( co!trol' are effecti,e a!# efficie!t/ a!# i+)le+e!te# a' !ee#e# i! a ti+el* +a!!er
4 #ata i' gat1ere# a' !ee#e# to i+)ro,e ri'( a''e''+e!t a!# +a!age+e!t
4 le''o!' lear!t fro+ '0cce''e' a!# fail0re' are #oc0+e!te# a!# a!al*'e#
4 c1a!ge' i! t1e co!te"t are #etecte# i! a ti+el* +a!!er/ i!cl0#i!g c1a!ge' to co!'e50e!ce categorie'/ ri'(
e,al0atio! criteria a!# t1e ri'( it'elf -1ic1 ca! re50ire re,i'io! of ri'( treat+e!t' a!# )rioritie'
4 e+ergi!g ri'(' are i#e!tifie# i! a ti+el* +a!!er
4 )rogre'' i! i+)le+e!ti!g ri'( treat+e!t )la!' i' +ea'0re# agai!'t ri'( )erfor+a!ce target'
4 t1e re'0lt' of +o!itori!g a!# re,ie- are recor#e# a!# e"ter!all* a!# i!ter!all* re)orte# a' a))ro)riate a!#
are 0'e# a' a! i!)0t to t1e re,ie- of t1e ri'( +a!age+e!t )la!.
/$3 Tran(.aren#y
T1e ri'( e,al0atio! criteria for eac1 co!'e50e!ce categor* '1all e #oc0+e!te#. 2or all co!'e50e!ce categorie'
ot1er t1a! t1o'e t1at i!,ol,e 'trictl* t1e o)eratorG' i!tere't'/ t1e ri'( acce)tailit*Jtolera!ce t1re'1ol#' '1all e
')ecifie#. 2or co!'e50e!ce categorie' t1at i!,ol,e 'trictl* t1e o)eratorG' i!tere't'/ t1e'e t1re'1ol#' '1o0l# e
')ecifie#.
T1e o)erator '1all #oc0+e!t a!# #e'crie +o!itori!g a!# +o#elli!g o0t)0t' t1at for+ a a'i' for t1e ri'(
a''e''+e!t'/ t1e a''0+)tio!' a!# refere!ce' for t1e +o#elli!g 't0#ie'/ a!# i+)licatio!' of +o!itori!g
tec1!olog* li+itatio!' o! t1e ri'( a''e''+e!t re'0lt'.
/$, Tra#ea)'l'ty
T1e re'0lt' of ri'( a''e''+e!t' '1all e recor#e# i! a co!'i'te!t +a!!er 'o t1at ri'( a''e''+e!t' are co+)arale
o,er ti+e. T1e ri'( o-!er' '1all e #oc0+e!te#. C1a!ge' i! a''0+)tio!' a!# #e'ig! of +o#elli!g a!#
+o!itori!g )la!' '1all e #oc0+e!te# a!# >0'tifie#. If #iffere!t ri'( a''e''+e!t +et1o#ologie' 1a,e ee!
a))lie#/ it '1all e #e+o!'trate# 1o- t1e re'0lt' of 0)#ate# a''e''+e!t' co+)are -it1 t1e +o't rece!t
a''e''+e!t. If t1e re'0lt' of a! 0)#ate# ri'( a''e''+e!t #e,iate 'ig!ifica!tl* fro+ t1e )rior a''e''+e!t/ t1e
rea'o!' for t1e #iffere!ce' '1all e #oc0+e!te#.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.0 8ell >ualification * 'age +$
1 Well 2ual'"'#at'&n
11 %ntr&du#t'&n
Eell 70alificatio!/ i! t1e co!te"t of t1i' RP/ refer' to t1e )roce'' of )ro,i#i!g t1e e,i#e!ce t1at a gi,e! -ell
-ill f0!ctio! -it1i! ')ecific li+it' -it1 a! acce)tale le,el of co!fi#e!ce -1e! e")o'e# to t1e effect' of CO
2
'torage. T1e o)erator '1all a))l* t1i' )roce'' to3
4 )l0gge# a!# aa!#o!e# -ell' t1at '1all co!ti!0e to )ro,i#e for+atio! fl0i# co!tai!+e!t
4 acti,e or '0')e!#e# -ell' t1at '1all e )l0gge# a!# aa!#o!e# )rior to CO
2
'torage o)eratio!'
4 acti,e -ell' t1at '1all retai! t1eir origi!al f0!ctio! #0ri!g CO
2
'torage o)eratio!' efore fi!al )l0ggi!g a!#
aa!#o!+e!t
4 acti,e -ell' t1at '1all 1a,e a +o#ifie# f0!ctio! #0ri!g CO
2
'torage o)eratio!' efore fi!al )l0ggi!g a!#
aa!#o!+e!t.
I! a##itio! t1e o)erator +a* a))l* t1i' )roce'' to t1e #e'ig! of !e- -ell'.
T1e c0rre!t 'tat0' of e"i'ti!g -ell' t1at +a* e e")o'e# to t1e effect' of CO
2
'torage '1all 1a,e ee!
e'tali'1e# #0ri!g t1e Scree!i!g a!# A))rai'al 'tage ri'( a''e''+e!t'. T1e ta'( of -ell 50alificatio! i' t1e! to3
4 i#e!tif* ri'(' to t1e f0t0re )erfor+a!ce a!# reliailit* of a gi,e! -ell Cfail0re +o#e' a!# +ec1a!i'+'6
4 re#0ce t1e'e ri'(' i! a '*'te+atic +a!!er * targete# 50alificatio! acti,itie' Cfor e"a+)le * te'ti!g a!#
a!al*'i'6
4 #e'ig! +o!itori!g acti,itie' t1at '1all trigger ')ecifie# ri'( re#0ctio! +ea'0re' i! t1e f0t0re.
T1e 'te)' i! t1e -ell 50alificatio! )roce'' are '1o-! i! 2ig0re A-%.
F'-ure 1:1
Fl&6 d'a-ram 'llu(trat'n- t8e 6ell 2ual'"'#at'&n .r&#e(( 6't8 re(.e#t t& t8e m'le(t&ne( (8&6n 'n F'-ure 2:1
56ecute well >ualification
activities
ssess results against
re>uirements
,et re>uirements in
>ualification basis
'erform risk assessment
for well >ualification
5valuate need
for modifications
No
?es
'lan well >ualification 4
select >ualification activities
7
o
d
i
f
y

>
u
a
l
i
f
i
c
a
t
i
o
n

b
a
s
i
s
&e>uirements met@
?es
No
5valuate likelihood
of success
)urrent status of
e6isting wells from risk
assessment
Initial Well
Qualification
Report
M3
Final Well
Qualification
Report
M4
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.0 8ell >ualification * 'age +"
T1e re'0lt of -ell 50alificatio! i' a Eell 70alificatio! Re)ort t1at '1all #oc0+e!t t1e fit!e'' for )0r)o'e of a
gi,e! -ell a!# #efi!e +argi!' agai!'t ')ecifie# fail0re +o#e' or )erfor+a!ce target'. T1e 50alificatio! re'0lt'
+a* e 0'e#3
4 a' a! acce)ta!ce for 0'e of a! e"i'ti!g -ell for a CO
2
'torage a))licatio!
4 for co+)ari'o! et-ee! 'ol0tio!' for a gi,e! -ell
4 a' i!)0t i! t1e e,al0atio! of t1e reliailit* of a CO
2
geological 'torage 'ite t1at t1e -ell +a* e )art of
4 a' a! a''0ra!ce of -ell i!tegrit*.
T1e follo-i!g )ri!ci)le' '1all a))l* to -ell 50alificatio!3
4 a 50alificatio! 'trateg* '1all e #e,elo)e# to ri!g a -ell fro+ it' c0rre!t 'tate to a #efi!e# target 'tate or
to a''e'' t1e )re'e!t co!#itio! of t1e -ell
4 ')ecificatio!' a!# re50ire+e!t' '1all e clearl* #efi!e#/ 50a!tifie# a!# #oc0+e!te#
4 t1e )erfor+a!ce +argi!' a!# t1e +argi!' to fail0re '1all e e'tali'1e# a'e# o! recog!i'e# +et1o#'
4 fail0re +o#e' t1at are !ot i#e!tifie# +a* )o'e a ri'( to t1e '0cce''f0l 0'e of t1e -ellK t1i' re'i#0al ri'( '1all
e +a!age# * e!'0ri!g t1e rele,a!t co+)ete!cie' are 0'e# C'ee Tale A-%6 a!# * c1alle!gi!g t1e critical
a''0+)tio!' #0ri!g t1e co0r'e of 50alificatio!
4 t1e 50alificatio! )roce'' '1all e a'e# o! a '*'te+atic/ ri'( a'e# a))roac1 a!# )erfor+e# * a
50alificatio! tea+ )o''e''i!g all re50ire# co+)ete!cie'
4 -1e! 'er,ice e")erie!ce i' 0'e# a' )roof of f0lfil+e!t of t1e ')ecificatio!'/ t1e! e,i#e!ce of t1at
e")erie!ce '1all e collate# a!# c1ec(e#
4 t1e -or( '1all e #oc0+e!te# a!# traceale
4 a! iterati,e a))roac1 i' reco++e!#e# -1e! 0!certai!tie' are ,er* large
4 t1e t*)ical 50alit* a''0ra!ce '*'te+ for #rilli!g/ co+)leti!g/ a!# aa!#o!+e!t of a -ell '1all e a! i!tegral
)art of t1e 50alificatio! )roce''.
12 Set re2u'rement( 'n 2ual'"'#at'&n )a('(
121 General
T1e o)erator '1all ')ecif* t1e 50alificatio! re50ire+e!t' for a gi,e! -ell i! t1e Eell 70alificatio! 8a'i'
#oc0+e!t t1at '1all i!cl0#e3
4 a #e'cri)tio! of t1e c0rre!t 'tat0' of t1e -ell a'e# o! t1e fi!#i!g' of t1e Scree!i!g a!# A))rai'al ri'(
a''e''+e!t' CSec.?.3.@6
4 t1e -ell )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' CSec.A.2.26
4 t1e -ell ')ecificatio! CSec.A.2.36
4 t1e critical )ara+eter' li't for t1e -ell CSec.A.?.26.
122 Well .er"&rman#e re2u'rement(
T1e -ell )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' '1all3
4 #efi!e 1o- t1e -ell -ill e 0'e#
4 #efi!e t1e e!,iro!+e!t t1at it i' i!te!#e# for
4 ')ecif* re50ire+e!t' '0c1 a' acce)ta!ce criteria/ )erfor+a!ce e")ectatio!' a!# 50alificatio! target'
4 i!cl0#e re50ire+e!t' t1ro0g1o0t t1e e"te!#e# life c*cle of t1e -ell.
T1e -ell )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' '1all reflect t1e 'torage 'ite re50ire+e!t' ')ecifie# i! t1e A))rai'al 8a'i'
CSec.?.3.26. E"a+)le' of -ell )erfor+a!ce re50ire+e!t' are3
Ta)le 1:1 C&m.eten#'e( t8at a 6ell 2ual'"'#at'&n team (8all .&((e((
,iscipline ;7pertise/6nowledge re/uired
Eell e!gi!eeri!g Proce#0re' for #rilli!g/ co!'tr0ctio! a!# )er+a!e!t aa!#o!+e!t of -ell'
Material'Jcorro'io! C1aracteri'tic' of +aterial' i! -ell co!'tr0ctio! a!# t1eir '0'ce)tiilit* to corro'io!
Ce+e!t' C1e+ical a!# )1*'ical )ro)ertie' of #iffere!t ce+e!t t*)e'
I!ter)retatio! of ce+e!t e,al0atio! log'
Geoc1e+i'tr* Geoc1e+ical i!teractio!' et-ee! i!>ecte# or re'i#e!t fl0i#'/ -ell +aterial'/ ce+e!t'/ roc(' a!#
fl0i#' i! t1e !ear -ellore e!,iro!+e!t
Geo+ec1a!ic' Pote!tial geo+ec1a!ical i+)act' o! -ell ce+e!t' a!# t1e !ear -ellore e!,iro!+e!t t1at +a*
'te+ fro+ CO
2
'torage o)eratio!'
Eell i!tegrit* Eell i!tegrit* +a!age+e!t a!# CO
2
')ecific -ell i!tegrit* i''0e'
Storage 'ite
c1aracteriIatio!
Storage 'ite c1aracteri'tic'
Pote!tial effect' o! t1e !ear--ell e!,iro!+e!t if t1e 'ite i' or -ill e 0'e# for CO
2
geological
'torage Ci.e./ )re#icte# c1a!ge' i! )re''0re/ te+)erat0re a!# e")o'0re to CO
2
or fl0i#' c1arge#
-it1 CO
2
or ot1er co!'tit0e!t' i! t1e CO
2
'trea+6
9SE 9SE +a!age+e!t a!# re50ire+e!t' i! a))licale reg0latio!'
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.0 8ell >ualification * 'age +%
4 reliailit* re50ire+e!t' relate# to 'electe# f0!ctio!'
4 '0'tai!e# a!!0l0' )re''0re li+it'
4 co+)letio! 'tri!g lea( rate li+it'
4 -earJcorro'io! tolera!ce' -it1i! t1e co+)letio! 'tri!g
4 ca'i!g corro'io! rate li+it'.
123 Well (.e#'"'#at'&n
T1e -ell ')ecificatio! '1all e #e'crie# a' co+)letel* a!# 0!a+ig0o0'l* a' )o''ile t1ro0g1 te"t/ #ra-i!g'/
re)ort' a!# ot1er rele,a!t #oc0+e!t'. It i' i+)orta!t t1at t1e -ell i!tegrit* criteria are 'tate# a!# t1at all
rele,a!t i!terface' are clearl* #efi!e#. T1e ')ecificatio! '1all i#e!tif* all )1a'e' of t1e -ellG' life a!# all
rele,a!t +ai! )ara+eter'.
Eell ')ecificatio! +a* i!cl0#e/ for e"a+)le3
4 -ell #e'cri)tio!/ 'c1e+atic a!# for+atio! o0!#arie' a!# lit1olog* t*)e' alo!g t1e -ell
4 f0!ctio!al re50ire+e!t'
4 )er+it re50ire+e!t'
4 1ealt1/ 'afet* a!# e!,iro!+e!tal re50ire+e!t'
4 -ell i!tegrit* criteria
4 o)eratio! a!# +ai!te!a!ce/ +o!itori!g a!# aa!#o!+e!t )ri!ci)le'
4 co+)letio! a!# i!terfaci!g -it1 '0rface facilitie'.
T1e ')ecificatio! a!# f0!ctio!al re50ire+e!t' '1all e 50a!titati,e a!# co+)lete. I! ca'e 50a!titati,e +ea'0re'
are !ot a,ailale for 'o+e of t1e re50ire+e!t' Cfor e"a+)le/ !o ce+e!t e,al0atio! log a,ailale6 t1e
50alificatio! ca! e carrie# o0t for a e't e'ti+ate/ 0t a' 'oo! a' t1e target re50ire+e!t' ca! e 50a!tifie# t1e*
'1all e e!tere# i!to t1e -ell 50alificatio! a'i' a!# t1e i+)licatio! of t1e'e !e- ,al0e' '1all e,al0ate#.
13 R'(0 a((e((ment "&r 6ell 2ual'"'#at'&n
131 General
T1e o)erator '1all carr* o0t a! a''e''+e!t of -ell i!tegrit* ri'(' -it1 re')ect to3
4 t1e c0rre!t 'tat0' of t1e -ell Cfro+ Scree!i!g a!# A))rai'al 'tage Ri'( A''e''+e!t'/ 'ee Sec.?.3.@6
4 t1e f0t0re f0!ctio! of t1e -ell Ca' ')ecifie# i! t1e 70alificatio! 8a'i'/ 'ee Sec.A.26
4 t1e critical )ara+eter' li't C'ee Sec.A.?.26
4 t1e -ell co+)o!e!t cla''ificatio! C'ee Sec.A.3.2.36.
T1e o0t)0t fro+ t1i' ri'( a''e''+e!t '1all e a fail0re +o#e regi'ter co!tai!i!g i#e!tifie# fail0re +o#e' a!#
fail0re +ec1a!i'+' ra!(e# accor#i!g to t1eir ri'( le,el. T1i' regi'ter '1o0l# e i!tegrate# -it1 t1e o,erall ri'(
regi'ter or #ataa'e for t1e 'torage 'ite i! 50e'tio!.
132 R'(0 'dent'"'#at'&n
<.#.2.1 -eneral
See Sec.@.3.2 for a ge!eral ri'( i#e!tificatio! +et1o# #e'cri)tio!.
See A))e!#i" A for e"a+)le' of t1e t*)e' of -ell i!tegrit* #ata t1at '1o0l# e collecte# a!# t1e i!for+atio!
t1at +a* e #eri,e# fro+ eac1.
T1e o)erator '1all co!ce)t0all* '0#i,i#e t1e -ell i!to #i'ti!ct a!# +a!ageale co+)o!e!t' for ri'(
i#e!tificatio!. See A))e!#i" 8 for e"a+)le' of co+)o!e!t' a!# t1eir fail0re +o#e' a!# +ec1a!i'+'.
E1e! )erfor+i!g t1i' 'te) t1e o)erator '1all ta(e i!to acco0!t3
4 -ell o)eratio!'
4 -ell '0')e!'io!
4 -ell aa!#o!+e!t
4 e"ter!al fail0re +o#e' for a -ell C!ot i!cl0#e# i! A))e!#i" 86/ '0c1 a' geological fa0lti!g
4 t1e 0!#erl*i!g fail0re +ec1a!i'+' t1at co0l# lea# to fail0re +o#e'.
Eell i!tegrit* ri'(' for e"i'ti!g -ell' i!cl0#e ot13
4 e"i'ti!g i!1ere!t ri'(' -it1o0t CO
2
'torage
4 a##itio!al ri'(' ca0'e# * CO
2
'torage.
T1e latter i' a f0!ctio! of t1e li(eli1oo# of3
4 a -ell ei!g e")o'e# to t1e effect' of CO
2
'torage Cre'er,oir #*!a+ic'6
4 -ell i!tegrit* fail0re i! t1e e,e!t of '0c1 e")o'0re.
T1e li(eli1oo# of t1e for+er -ill e a f0!ctio! of t1e CO
2
'torage ,ol0+e t1at i' #efi!e# for a gi,e! 'torage
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.0 8ell >ualification * 'age ++
'ite a!# 0'e# to e'ti+ate ca)acit* i! t1e 'cree! 'tage a!# i' !ot #i'c0''e# f0rt1er i! t1i' 'te). T1e li(eli1oo# of
t1e latter i' #i'c0''e# f0rt1er -it1 re')ect to t1e #irect effect' o! t1e !ear--ell e!,iro!+e!t if t1e 'torage 'ite
'1all e 0'e# for CO
2
geological 'torage. T1i' i!cl0#e'3
4 )re#icte# effect' of c1a!ge' i! )re''0re
4 )re#icte# effect' of te+)erat0re c1a!ge'
4 )re#icte# effect' of e")o'0re to CO
2
or fl0i#' c1arge# -it1 CO
2
or ot1er co!'tit0e!t' i! t1e CO
2
'trea+.
E1ere t1e ter+ CO
2
i' 0'e# i! t1e g0i#eli!e/ it a''0+e' t1at caro! #io"i#e i' )re''0riIe#K +a* or +a* !ot
co!tai! -aterK e"i't' eit1er a' a li50i#/ '0)er critical fl0i# or a ga'K a!# al'o i!cl0#e' caro! #io"i#e #i''ol,e#
i! -ater co!tai!e# i! t1e re'er,oir.
Pre#icte# effect' of c1a!ge' i! )re''0re +a* e"te!# e*o!# t1e area of legal co!trol of a )ro>ect #e,elo)er i!
-1ic1 ca'e a +itigatio! )la! +a* 1a,e to e )0t i! )lace.
A !0+er of co-co+)o!e!t' +a* t*)icall* e a''ociate# -it1 i!#0'trial CO
2
'trea+'/ '0c1 a' t1o'e li'te#
elo-. T1e -ell 50alificatio! i''0e' relate# to t1e'e are !ot ')ecificall* a##re''e# i! t1i' RP/ 0t +a* e
1a!#le# * t1e 'a+e 50alificatio! +et1o#olog*3
4 crac(i!g a!# fo0li!g a''ociate# -it1 9
2
S eit1er )re'e!t i! t1e i!>ectio! 'trea+ or relea'e# i! t1e geological
for+atio! * CO
2

4 !itroge! a!# argo!K t1e'e are !o!-co!#e!'ale a!# -ill alter t1e ,a)oriIatio! a!# co!#e!'atio! )ro)ertie'
of t1e CO
2
'trea+
4 o"*ge!K t1i' +a* i!crea'e corro'io! rate'
4 1*#roge!K t1i' +a* li+it +aterial' of co!'tr0ctio!
4 trace co+)o!e!t'/ '0c1 a' 'eal oil fro+ co+)re''or'.
<.#.2.2 $pecial considerations for well integrity under e7posure to &+
2

&orrosion of carbon steel pipe and degradation of cement: t1e #o+i!ati!g fail0re +ec1a!i'+ relate# to lo!g-
ter+ e")o'0re to CO
2
or CO
2
'at0rate# for+atio! fl0i#' i' a!tici)ate# to e corro'io! of caro! 'teel )i)e a!#
#egra#atio! of ce+e!t. T1e )roailit* of fail0re +o#e' re'0lti!g fro+ t1e'e fail0re +ec1a!i'+' -ill #e)e!#
o! t1e corro'io! a!# #egra#atio! rate' t1at are a''0+e#. It i' 0!#er'too# t1at i!ter!atio!al re'earc1 a!#
#e,elo)+e!t -or( co!ti!0e' i! or#er to reac1 a! i!#0'tr* co!'e!'0' o! 1o- to )re#ict t1e'e rate' i! a reliale
+a!!er.
;lastomers: ro0ti!el* 0'e# a' 'eali!g ele+e!t' a!# ca! e fo0!# i! '0rface a!# #o-!1ole ,al,e'/ )ac(er' a!#
#o-!1ole 'eal'. CO
2
)re'e!t' a##itio!al c1alle!ge' to ela'to+er #e'ig!. Ela'to+er' '1all re'i't e")lo'i,e
#eco+)re''io! Cra)i# ga'-#eco+)re''io!6 a!# e 50alifie# a))ro)riatel* Crefer to/ for e"a+)le NORSOK M-
A%06. Ela'to+er )erfor+a!ce a!# )ro)ertie' c1a!ge -it1 ti+e a!# t1e* '1all e a,oi#e# a' )art of t1e )ri+ar*
aa!#o!+e!t arrier #e'ig!.
&+
2
as a refrigerant: #e'ig!er' '1all e a-are of t1e refrigera!t )ro)ertie' of caro! #io"i#e. $arge )re''0re
#ro) o,er a '1ort #i'ta!ce -ill ca0'e flo-i!g CO
2
te+)erat0re' to #ro) 'ig!ifica!tl*. Material' of co!'tr0ctio!
'1all e!'0re t1at to0g1!e'' of +etal' a!# fle"iilit* of ela'to+er' C#0ro+eter6 are +ai!tai!e# for ot1 !or+al
a!# a!or+al flo- co!#itio!'. $o- te+)erat0re' ca! al'o freeIe a!!0l0' fl0i#' a!# ca0'e a##itio!al t0i!g
co!tractio!/ for e"a+)le 0!'tale flo- regi+e #o-! t1e t0i!g i! lo- )re''0re re'er,oir'.
T1e te+)erat0re ra!ge co0l# t1erefore e greater t1a! !or+all* e")erie!ce# i! a co!,e!tio!al oil a!# ga'
i!>ectio! -ell a!# +a* ca0'e co!'i#erale e")a!'io!Jco!tractio! a!# a##itio!al loa#' o! t1e -ell.
.low2down considerations: lo--#o-! of CO
2
i! li50i# or '0)er critical )1a'e i' a c1alle!ge. I! a##itio! to
t1e lo- te+)erat0re'/ #r* ice ca! for+ -1ic1 +a* la!# locall* a!# create 1aIar#'/ or i! e"tre+e ca'e' ca0'e
ero'io! of t1e ,e!t )i)e-or(. De'ig! of -ireli!e a!# coile# t0i!g '*'te+' a!# o)eratio!' '1all ta(e t1i' i!to
co!'i#eratio!/ for e"a+)le * #i')laci!g t1e CO
2
-it1 !itroge! efore #e-)re''0ri'atio!. T1i' o)eratio!al !ee#
al'o e"i't' -it1 #o-!1ole 'afet* ,al,e te'ti!g a!# t1i' +a* e t1e #i+e!'io!i!g ca'e for '0rface )re''0re
co!trol e50i)+e!t.
Annulus management: t1e 50alificatio! )roce'' '1all e"a+i!e t1e +a!age+e!t of t1e a!!0l0' co!#itio! #0ri!g
t1e i!>ectio! )1a'e to #etect -ell i!tegrit* )role+' earl* a!# )re,e!t corro'io! of ca'i!g a!# t0i!g. Co!#itio!
+o!itori!g of t1e a!!0l0' #0ri!g t1e i!>ectio! )1a'e co0l# i!cl0#e )re''0re +o!itori!g/ +ea'0re+e!t of to)-
0) ,ol0+e'/ 'a+)li!g of a!!0l0' fl0i#'/ a!# )re''0re-,ol0+e +ea'0re+e!t'.
<.#.2.# Bell component classification
T1e o)erator +a* c1oo'e to cla''if* -ell co+)o!e!t' accor#i!g to co++o! fail0re +ec1a!i'+' i! or#er to
facilitate t1e )roce'' of ri'( i#e!tificatio!.
Eell co+)o!e!t cla''ificatio! i' a 50alitati,e )roce'' t1at '1all +a(e 0'e of a fail0re +ec1a!i'+ C'0c1 a'
corro'io!6 t1at i' co++o! to t1e co+)o!e!t' i! 50e'tio!. I! t1e ca'e of corro'io! t1e! t1e -ell co+)o!e!t'
'1all e cla''ifie# accor#i!g to t1e corro'io! re'i'ta!ce of t1eir +aterial' a!# t1eir #egree of e")ecte# e")o'0re
to a corro'i,e e!,iro!+e!t. I! e"a+i!i!g t1e -ell co+)o!e!t' it +a* e e!eficial to gro0) t1e+ i!to '0-
'*'te+' C'0c1 a' t1e lo-er co+)letio!6 )rior to )erfor+i!g t1e cla''ificatio!.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.0 8ell >ualification * 'age +-
A! e"a+)le of '0c1 a rati!g '*'te+ i' '1o-! i! Tale A-2. T1e ter+ Mtec1!ical 0!certai!t*G relate' to t1e
)ote!tial i!co+)atiilit* or )oor )erfor+a!ce of co+)o!e!t'/ -1erea' t1e ter+ Gtec1!ical c1alle!ge'G relate'
to co+)o!e!t' of (!o-! i!co+)atiilit* -it1 CO
2
a!# -1ere )erfor+a!ce ca! e +o#elle#.
A -ell co+)o!e!t or '0-'*'te+ rate# a' Cla'' % i! t1i' e"a+)le '1all e )ro,e! to e of !o )artic0lar co!cer!
for t1e a))licatio! i! 50e'tio! t1ro0g1 #oc0+e!tatio! of te't'/ calc0latio!' a!# a!al*'i'. S0c1 co+)o!e!t' #o
!ot re50ire 50alificatio! a!# '1all e 1a!#le# t1ro0g1 t1e reg0lar #e'ig! )roce''.
A -ell co+)o!e!t or '0-'*'te+ rate# a' et-ee! Cla'' 2 to Cla'' 3 i! t1i' e"a+)le 1a' a! i!crea'e# #egree
of tec1!ical 0!certai!t*. Co+)o!e!t' falli!g i!to t1e'e cla''e' '1all e 50alifie# accor#i!g to t1e -or( )roce''
#e'crie# i! t1i' #oc0+e!t.
Co+)o!e!t' falli!g i!to Cla'' ? li(el* re50ire +o#ificatio! C'ee Sec.A.@6.
133 R'(0 analy('(
See Sec.@.3.3 for a ge!eral ri'( a!al*'i' +et1o# #e'cri)tio!.
T1e o)erator '1all +a(e 0'e of 50a!titati,e +ea'0re' of li(eli1oo# a!# co!'e50e!ce -1ere t1i' i' '0))orte#
* t1e a,ailale #ata.
13, R'(0 e*aluat'&n
See Sec.@.3.? for a ge!eral ri'( e,al0atio! +et1o# #e'cri)tio!.
T1e o)erator '1all #i'ti!g0i'1 et-ee! t1e follo-i!g t1ree 50alitati,e ri'( cla''e' a' a +i!i+0+3
4 lo- ri'( = fail0re +o#e' t1at #o !ot re50ire 50alificatio! a!# +a* e a#e50atel* re'ol,e# * 50alifie#
)er'o!!el
4 +e#i0+ ri'( = !o!-critical fail0re +o#e' t1at re50ire 50alificatio! to re#0ce t1eir ri'(
4 1ig1 ri'( = critical fail0re +o#e' t1at re50ire 50alificatio! to re#0ce t1eir ri'(.
T1e o)erator '1all e'tali'1 a fail0re +o#e regi'ter for trac(i!g t1e 'tat0' of eac1 fail0re +o#e a!# +ec1a!i'+
t1ro0g1o0t t1e 50alificatio! )roce''. T1e ri'( e,al0atio! '1all e 0)#ate# a' !e- i!for+atio! ari'e' a!# fail0re
+o#e' -it1 lo- ri'( '1o0l# !ot e #elete# fro+ t1e li't. T1i' '*'te+ '1all i!cl0#e3
4 all i#e!tifie# fail0re +o#e' a!# +ec1a!i'+'
4 a )roailit* e'ti+ate for eac1 fail0re +o#e to occ0r
4 t1e a'i' for t1e )roailit* e'ti+ate traci!g #oc0+e!tatio! re,i'io!' a!# i+)le+e!tatio! of +itigati!g
actio!'
4 t1e #egree of CO
2
i+)licatio!' to -1ic1 t1e fail0re +o#e relate' CCla'' 2 to ? fro+ Tale A-26 i! or#er to
foc0' o! t1e i+)orta!t co+)o!e!t'.
1, !lan 6ell 2ual'"'#at'&n C (ele#t 2ual'"'#at'&n a#t'*'t'e(
1,1 General
T1e o)erator '1all #e,elo) a )la! t1at #e'crie' t1e 50alificatio! +et1o#' t1at '1all e a))lie# to re#0ce t1e
ri'(C'6 to -ell i!tegrit*.
De,elo)+e!t of t1e -ell 50alificatio! )la! '1all i!cl0#e3
4 1ig1 le,el )la!!i!g to i+)le+e!t t1e o,erall 50alificatio! )roce''
4 a!al*'i' a!# 'electio! of 50alificatio! acti,itie' to )ro,i#e t1e e,i#e!ce !ee#e# for eac1 fail0re +o#e
4 #e,elo)+e!t of t1e rea'o!i!g t1at co!!ect' t1e e,i#e!ce )ro#0ce# * t1e 50alificatio! acti,itie' to t1e
re50ire+e!t' 'et i! t1e 50alificatio! a'i'
Ta)le 1:2 E3am.le #la(('"'#at'&n (y(tem "&r t8e
#&rr&('&n re('(tan#e &" 6ell #&m.&nent(
&orrosion resistance
9ig1 Me#i0+ $o-
;
7
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e

t
o

&
+
2

c
o
r
r
o
s
i
o
n
$o- % 2 3
Me#i0+ 2 3 ?
9ig1 3 ? ?
E1ere3
Cla'' % re)re'e!t' !o tec1!ical 0!certai!tie'K
Cla'' 2 re)re'e!t' !e- tec1!ical 0!certai!tie'K
Cla'' 3 re)re'e!t' !e- tec1!ical c1alle!ge'K
Cla'' ? re)re'e!t' #e+a!#i!g tec1!ical c1alle!ge'.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.0 8ell >ualification * 'age +/
4 #e,elo)+e!t of #etaile# ')ecificatio!' of t1e 50alificatio! acti,itie'.
T1e #etaile# ')ecificatio!' of 50alificatio! acti,itie' '1all e")licitl* ')ecif*3
4 t1e e,i#e!ce to e )ro#0ce# * eac1 50alificatio! acti,it*
4 t1e fail0re +o#e' t1at e,i#e!ce relate' to
4 t1e rea'o!i!g t1at relate' t1e )iece' of e,i#e!ce to t1e fail0re +o#e'
4 t1e rea'o!i!g t1at relate' t1e e,i#e!ce to t1e re50ire+e!t' ')ecifie# i! t1e 50alificatio! a'i'
4 '0cce'' criteria for t1i' e,i#e!ce to #e+o!'trate f0lfil+e!t of t1e 50alificatio! re50ire+e!t'.
T1e -ell 50alificatio! )la! '1all e re,i'e# a' !ece''ar*.
1,2 Cr't'#al .arameter( l'(t
T1e )0r)o'e of t1e critical )ara+eter' li't i' to #oc0+e!t t1e ,ital go,er!i!g )ara+eter' affecti!g t1e fail0re
+ec1a!i'+'/ for e"a+)le t1e )ara+eter' affecti!g t1e rate of ca'i!g corro'io!/ '0c1 a' +aterial co+)o'itio!/
te+)erat0re/ c1e+ical co+)o'itio! of fl0i#'/ etc.
9e!ce/ at t1e co!cl0'io! of t1e -ell 50alificatio! )roce''/ t1e o0!#ar* li+it' for t1e )ara+eter' a!# ite+'
gi,e! i! t1e critical )ara+eter' li't -ill re)re'e!t t1e 50alifie# li+it' or o)erati!g e!,elo)e -it1i! -1ic1 t1e
-ell i' co!'i#ere# 50alifie#.
T1e o)erator '1all #eter+i!e go,er!i!g )ara+eter' for critical fail0re +ec1a!i'+'. T1e critical )ara+eter' li't
'1all ')ecif* '0c1 go,er!i!g )ara+eter'/ a!# i!cl0#e t1eir li+it'Jo0!#arie' -it1i! t1e 'co)e of t1e
50alificatio!. 20rt1er/ t1i' li't '1all al'o ')ecif* t1e +ai! co!cer!' a!# 0!certai!tie' -it1 t1e gi,e! )ara+eter'.
1,3 Sele#t'&n &" 2ual'"'#at'&n a#t'*'t'e(
70alificatio! acti,itie' '1all e 'electe# i! or#er to +eet t1e re50ire+e!t' gi,e! i! t1e 50alificatio! a'i'.
If a 50a!titati,e reliailit* target i' 'tate# i! t1e 50alificatio! a'i'/ t1e! a 50a!titati,e reliailit* +et1o# i'
re50ire# to #oc0+e!t f0lfill+e!t of t1e re50ire+e!t/ for e"a+)le * #eter+i!atio! of a lifeti+e )roailit*
#e!'it* #i'tri0tio! for t1e rele,a!t fail0re +o#e'.
2or eac1 fail0re +o#e of co!cer!/ it '1all e #eter+i!e# if t1e fail0re +ec1a!i'+' ca! e +o#elle# *
recog!i'e# a!# ge!erall* acce)te# +et1o#'. T1e! a #etaile# )la! for t1e 50alificatio! acti,itie' ca! e
e'tali'1e#/ for e"a+)le/ * 0'e of e"i'ti!g 'ta!#ar#' or i!#0'tr* )ractice'.
T1e follo-i!g +et1o#' ca! e 0'e#/ 'e)aratel* or i! co+i!atio!/ to )ro,i#e 50alificatio! e,i#e!ce3
4 fail0re +o#e a,oi#a!ce/ '0c1 a' o)eratio!al )roce#0re' or #e'ig! c1a!ge'
4 a!al*'i' or e!gi!eeri!g >0#ge+e!t of )re,io0' #oc0+e!te# e")erie!ce -it1 'i+ilar e50i)+e!t a!#
o)erati!g co!#itio!'
4 a!al*tical +et1o#' '0c1 a' 1a!#oo( 'ol0tio!'/ +et1o#' fro+ e"i'ti!g 'ta!#ar#'/ e+)irical correlatio!' or
+at1e+atical for+0la'
4 !0+erical +et1o#'/ '0c1 a' )roce'' 'i+0latio! +o#el'/ co+)0tatio!al fl0i# #*!a+ic'/ fi!ite ele+e!t
+o#elli!g/ co0)le# geo+ec1a!ical a!# re'er,oir 'i+0latio! +o#elli!g/ corro'io! +o#el'/ etc
4 e")eri+e!tal +et1o#'/ 'cale +o#el te'ti!g/ i#e!tificatio! or ,erificatio! of critical )ara+eter' a!# t1eir
'e!'iti,itie'.
70alificatio! acti,itie' +a* co!'i't of 50alitati,e a!# 50a!titati,e +et1o#'/ a!al*'i' a!# te'ti!g. A t*)ical
50alificatio! )rogra+ +a* i!cl0#e a co+i!atio! of t1e follo-i!g acti,itie'3
4 +aterial corro'io! re'i'ta!ce/ 1i'torical #ata/ corro'io! )re#ictio! +o#el'/ te'ti!g
4 #oc0+e!ti!g fiel# 1i'tor*/ 50a!titati,eJ 50alitati,e e,al0atio! of fail0re 1i'tor* of -ell' i! a fiel# -it1
'i+ilar -ell' a!# e")o'0re
4 a''e'' #oc0+e!te# i!#0'tr* )ractice -it1 t1e ')ecific -ell co+)o!e!t'
4 )re#icti,e +o#elli!g of CO
2
+o,e+e!t a!# )o''ile co!tact -it1 co+)o!e!t' t1at +ig1t #egra#e if e")o'e#
to eit1er CO
2
or CO
2
-'at0rate# ri!e'/ a!# +o#elli!g to e'ti+ate #egra#atio! )roce''e'/ rate' a!# e!# )oi!t'.
1$ E*aluate l'0el'8&&d &" (u##e((
T1e o)erator '1o0l# e,al0ate t1e li(eli1oo# of '0cce'' for ac1ie,i!g 50alificatio! of a -ell i! a 50alitati,e
+a!!er a'e# o! t1e tec1!ical c1alle!ge' a!# t1e a,ailale ti+e for 50alificatio!.
T1e o)erator +a* al'o )erfor+ a +ore 'o)1i'ticate# a''e''+e!t of t1e total li(eli1oo# of '0cce'' for all -ell'
a' f0!ctio! of ti+e. S0c1 a! a''e''+e!t re50ire' t1at ot1 t1e )roailit* of a '0cce''f0l o0tco+e for eac1
acti,it* a!# t1e 0!certai!t* i! t1e #0ratio!' are e'ti+ate#.
A! eco!o+ic a''e''+e!t of t1e 50alificatio! acti,itie' +a* e carrie# o0t follo-i!g t1e 'a+e )ri!ci)le'/ -1ere
t1e ti+e )ara+eter i' re)lace# * co't'. T1i' re50ire' t1at co't e'ti+ate' -it1 0!certai!tie' are e'ti+ate# for
eac1 50alificatio! acti,it*.
I! t1e e,e!t t1at f0rt1er #e,elo)+e!t of a 'torage 'ite i' a!tici)ate# t1e! a )ro>ect #e,elo)er '1all co!'i#er
i!itiati!g a'eli!e +o!itori!g of e"i'ti!g -ell' at t1e earlie't )o''ile o))ort0!it*.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.0 8ell >ualification * 'age +0
1/ E*aluate need "&r m&d'"'#at'&n(
Mo#ificatio!' of t1e -ell a!#Jor t1e 50alificatio! a'i' +a* e co!'i#ere# if t1e li(eli1oo# of '0cce''f0l
50alificatio! i' lo- a!#Jor t1e a''ociate# ti+e a!# co't are 1ig1.
If t1e e'ti+ate# li(eli1oo# of '0cce'' i' 0!acce)tale a!# re50ire# +o#ificatio!' are e"ce''i,el* co'tl*/ t1e
-ell '1all !ot e co!'i#ere# for f0rt1er 50alificatio! a!# t1e 'torage 'ite co!tai!i!g '0c1 a -ell '1all e
eli+i!ate# fro+ t1e li't of )ote!tial 'torage 'ite' at Mile'to!e M3.
11 U.date 2ual'"'#at'&n )a('(
T1e o>ecti,e of t1i' 'te) i' to 0)#ate t1e 50alificatio! a'i' i! lig1t of !e- i!for+atio! t1at +a* co+e to lig1t
#0ri!g t1e 50alificatio! )roce''. Mo#ificatio! to t1e -ell 50alificatio! a'i' '1all 1a,e a #efi!e# )0r)o'e/ '0c1
a'3
4 c1a!ge of i!te!#e# -ell f0!ctio! C)o''il* i! or#er to a,oi# a )artic0lar fail0re +o#e6
4 re#0ctio! of t1e )roailit* of occ0rre!ce or co!'e50e!ce of fail0re +o#e to a! acce)tale le,el
4 re#0ctio! of t1e total -ell co't.
A!* +o#ificatio!' to t1e -ell 50alificatio! a'i' i+)l* t1at t1e -ell 50alificatio! 'te)' !ee# to e 0)#ate#. T1e
0)#ate +a* ra!ge fro+ a li+ite# 0)#ate of )ara+eter' or ri'( #ata to +a>or re-#e'ig! of t1e -ell. I! eit1er ca'e
#oc0+e!tatio! i' re50ire# i! or#er to +ai!tai! traceailit* of t1e )roce''.
1+ %n't'al Well 9ual'"'#at'&n Re.&rt
T1e o)erator '1all #oc0+e!t t1e -ell 50alificatio! fi!#i!g' for eac1 -ell t10' far i! t1e )roce'' i! a! I!itial
Eell 70alificatio! Re)ort. T1e )0r)o'e of t1i' re)ort i' to '0))ort t1e 'electio! of a 'torage 'ite a!# t1e
o)erator '1all i!cl0#e t1i' re)ort i! t1e Eell E!gi!eeri!g Co!ce)t CSec.?.3.B6.
A! I!itial Eell 70alificatio! Re)ort for eac1 -ell '1all #e'crie3
4 t1e re50ire# 50alificatio! acti,itie'
4 t1e li(eli1oo# of '0cce''f0l 50alificatio!
4 ti+e a!# co't e'ti+ate' for co+)letio! of -ell 50alificatio!.
14 E3e#ute 6ell 2ual'"'#at'&n a#t'*'t'e(
141 General
T1e o)erator '1all e"ec0te t1e -ell 50alificatio! acti,itie' ')ecifie# i! t1e I!itial Eell 70alificatio! Re)ort
accor#i!g to i!#0'tr* recog!i'e# 'ta!#ar#' a!# #oc0+e!t a!* a''0+)tio!' +a#e.
142 Fa'lure m&de dete#t'&n
2ail0re +o#e' #etecte# #0ri!g e"ec0tio! of t1e 50alificatio! acti,itie' C50alit* co!trol 50alificatio! te't/
acce)ta!ce te't' or later o)eratio!'6 '1all e recor#e# a!# #oc0+e!te#. T1e #oc0+e!tatio! '1all i!cl0#e t1e
#ate #etecte#/ t1e #e'cri)tio! of t1e fail0re +o#e/ ot1er o'er,atio! a!# t1e i#e!tit* of t1e origi!ator.
E1e! a fail0re +o#e i' #etecte# i! t1e 50alificatio! )roce''/ t1e occ0rre!ce of t1e fail0re +o#e '1all e
e,al0ate# -it1 regar# to t1e t1ree follo-i!g ca'e'3
4 -ill occ0r -it1i! t1e e")ecte# fre50e!c* of occ0rre!ce accor#i!g to t1e a!al*'i'
4 -ill occ0r -it1 a 1ig1er fre50e!c*
4 1a' !ot ee! co!'i#ere#.
I! t1e 'eco!# ca'e t1e a'ic a''0+)tio! for t1e fre50e!c* of occ0rre!ce '1all e re-e,al0ate#. T1i' re-
e,al0atio! '1all i!cl0#e i+)licatio!' for a!* +o#el' 0'e#.
I! t1e t1ir# ca'e t1ere '1all e a! e,al0atio! 'tati!g if t1e fail0re +o#e i' a! artefact t1at !ee# !ot e co!'i#ere#
or if it -a' +i''e# a!# +0't e i!cl0#e# i! t1e 50alificatio!.
143 C&lle#t'&n and d&#umentat'&n &" data
T1e #oc0+e!te# e,i#e!ce fro+ t1e e"ec0tio! of t1e 50alificatio! acti,itie' '1all e!ale t1e )erfor+a!ce
a''e''+e!t 'te) to e carrie# o0t. T1e fail0re +o#e regi'ter fro+ Sec.A.3.? '1all e 0'e# to follo- 0) t1e #ata
collectio! a!# t1e 50alificatio! of t1e -ell.
14, En(ur'n- tra#ea)'l'ty &" data
T1e o)erator '1all e'tali'1 a! Pa0#it trailQ i! or#er to e!'0re t1e traceailit* of #ata t1ro0g1o0t t1e
50alificatio! )roce''. Data '1all e orga!iIe# i! '0c1 a +a!!er t1at t1ere i' a clear li!( et-ee! t1e 'te)' of
t1e 50alificatio! )roce''/ fro+ t1e 50alificatio! a'i' to )erfor+a!ce a''e''+e!t. It '1all e )o''ile to trace
t1e t1rea#' t1at 1a,e ee! i#e!tifie#/ 1o- t1e* 1a,e ee! a##re''e# Cte't/ a!al*'i'/ )re,io0' e")erie!ce/ etc.6/
-1at e,i#e!ce 1a' ee! #e,elo)e# Cte't a!# a!al*'i' re)ort'6/ a!# 1o- t1at e,i#e!ce +eet' re50ire+e!t' i! t1e
-ell 50alificatio! a'i'.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
,ec.0 8ell >ualification * 'age +9
T1i' 'te) )ro,i#e' a! o))ort0!it* for i!#e)e!#e!t re,ie- of t1e 50alificatio! co!cl0'io!' a!# -ill e!ale re0'e
of e,i#e!ce i! f0t0re )ro>ect'/ for e"a+)le 50alificatio! of ot1er -ell' or t1e 'a+e -ell' for a #iffere!t 0'e.
A fit for )0r)o'e electro!ic #ataa'e '1o0l# e 0'e# to e!1a!ce t1e traceailit* of #ata a' #e'crie# ao,e.
110 !er"&rman#e A((e((ment
T1e o)erator '1all a''e'' if t1e -ell 50alificatio! 1a' ee! '0cce''f0l * co+)ari!g t1e a,ailale e,i#e!ce
agai!'t t1e re50ire+e!t' ')ecifie# i! t1e -ell 50alificatio! a'i'.
If t1e )erfor+a!ce a''e''+e!t co!cl0#e' t1at 'o+e re50ire+e!t' are !ot +et/ ri'( co!trol o)tio!'
C+o#ificatio!' to t1e -ell6 a!# f0rt1er 50alificatio! acti,itie' '1all e i#e!tifie#. T1i' +a* i!cl0#e tig1te!i!g
of t1e o)erati!g e!,elo)e for t1e -ell or e!1a!ce# i!')ectio!/ -or(o,er a!# i!ter,e!tio! 'trategie' to +eet t1e
re50ire+e!t' a'e# o! t1e e"i'ti!g e,i#e!ce. If !o!e of t1e'e o)tio!' are fea'ile/ t1e -ell ca!!ot e 50alifie#
agai!'t t1e -ell 50alificatio! a'i'.
Perfor+a!ce a''e''+e!t' +a* al'o e )erfor+e# at #efi!e# )oi!t' i! ti+e #0ri!g o)eratio! to co!fir+ t1at t1e
o)eratio!' are -it1i! t1e a''0+)tio!' for 50alificatio! 'tate# i! t1e 70alificatio! 8a'i'.
Ke* 'te)' i! t1e )erfor+a!ce a''e''+e!t are to3
4 i!ter)ret t1e e,i#e!ce to acco0!t for 'i+)lificatio!' a!# a''0+)tio!' +a#e -1e! t1e e,i#e!ce -a'
ge!erate# a!# li+itatio!' a!# a))ro"i+atio!' i! t1e +et1o#' 0'e#
4 co!fir+ t1at t1e 50alificatio! acti,itie' 1a,e ee! carrie# o0t a!# t1at t1e ri'( criteria 1a,e ee! +et. A (e*
)art of t1i' co!fir+atio! i' to carr* o0t a ga) a!al*'i' to e!'0re t1at t1e 50alificatio! e,i#e!ce for eac1
i#e!tifie# fail0re +o#e +eet' t1e ')ecifie# ri'( criteria
4 )erfor+ a 'e!'iti,it* a!al*'i' of rele,a!t )ara+eter effect'
4 a''e'' t1e co!fi#e!ce t1at 1a' ee! 0ilt a'e# 0)o! t1e 50alificatio! e,i#e!ce t1ro0g1 t1e 50alificatio!
acti,itie'. T1i' '1all co!'i#er t1e e"te!t to -1ic1 te't ')ecificatio!' 1a,e i!#e)e!#e!tl* re,ie-e# a!# te't
-it!e''e# * a! i!#e)e!#e!t )art*
4 co+)are t1e fail0re )roailit* or )erfor+a!ce +argi! for eac1 i#e!tifie# fail0re +o#e of co!cer! -it1 t1e
re50ire+e!t' i! t1e 50alificatio! a'i'. E,i#e!ce '1all e )ro)agate# fro+ i!#i,i#0al tec1!olog*
co+)o!e!t' to t1e re50ire+e!t' ')ecifie# for t1e e!tire '*'te+ co,ere# * t1e 50alificatio!.
T1e a''e''+e!t fi!#i!g' +a* e re)re'e!te# a' 'afe 'er,ice e!,elo)e' '0c1 t1at a -i#er ra!ge of o)erati!g
co!#itio!' i' co,ere# t1a! t1o'e ')ecifie# i! t1e -ell 50alificatio! a'i'. T1i' ca! greatl* 'i+)lif* 50alificatio!
for +o#ifie# o)erati!g co!#itio!'.
111 Re2u'rement( metD
De)e!#i!g o! t1e fi!#i!g' of t1e )re,io0' 'te) t1e o)erator '1all #eci#e o! t1e !ee# to +o#if* t1e 50alificatio!
a'i'.
112 F'nal Well 9ual'"'#at'&n Re.&rt
T1e o)erator '1all #oc0+e!t t1e -ell 50alificatio! fi!#i!g' for eac1 -ell i! a 2i!al Eell 70alificatio! Re)ort.
T1i' re)ort '1all e i!cl0#e# i! t1e I!>ectio! a!# O)erati!g Pla! CSec.<.?.36 -it1i! t1e Storage Per+it
a))licatio! CSec.<.?6.
A 2i!al Eell 70alificatio! Re)ort for eac1 -ell '1all #oc0+e!t -1et1er or !ot3
4 t1e 50alificatio! acti,itie' 'tate# i! t1e I!itial Eell 70alificatio! Re)ort 1a,e ee! co+)lete#
4 t1e acce)ta!ce criteria for t1e 50alificatio! acti,itie' 1a,e ee! +et
4 t1e f0!ctio!al re50ire+e!t' a!# target reliailit* a' 'tate# i! t1e 50alificatio! a'i' 1a,e ee! +et.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
pp. ,ubsurface Data * 'age +:
A!!END%E A SU5SURFACE DATA
Ta)le A:1 E3am.le( &" rele*ant (u)(ur"a#e data and t8e 'n"&rmat'&n t8at may )e der'*ed "r&m ea#8
,ata type :nformation derived
S
e
'
(
m
'
#
Regio!al
'ei'+olog*
Recor#' of eart150a(e +ag!it0#e'/
locatio!' a!# #e)t1'
- ac(gro0!# le,el' of !at0ral 'ei'+icit*.
Ma"i+0+ gro0!# +otio! ,elocitie' a!#
#i')lace+e!t'
- +ag!it0#e a!# orie!tatio! of regio!al 'tre'' fiel#.
Regio!al 2D
'ei'+ic li!e'
Ti+e a!# #e)t1 +igrate# 'ei'+ic 'ectio!'
- regio!al 'tr0ct0ral cro'' 'ectio!'
- lateral #i'ta!ce to '0cro)Jo0tcro) of for+atio!'
- regio!al +a) of lateral co!ti!0it* of t1e )ri+ar* 'eal.
2iel# ')ecific
2D a!# 3D
'ei'+ic
Ti+e a!# #e)t1 +igrate# 2D 'ectio!' a!#
3D ,ol0+e'
- #etaile# 'tr0ct0ral i+agi!g
- locatio!/ orie!tatio! a!# t1ro- of geological fa0lt'
- 3D ti+e a!# #e)t1 for+atio! 1oriIo! +a)'
- large-'cale ,ertical a!# 1oriIo!tal re'er,oir
'tratigra)1ic feat0re'/ )artic0larl* 0!co!for+itie'/
ero'io!al '0rface' a!# 1eteroge!eit*
- #etaile#/ local +a) of lateral co!ti!0it* of t1e
)ri+ar* 'eal.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
pp. ,ubsurface Data * 'age -#
W
e
l
l

r
e
l
a
t
e
d
Petro)1*'ical
-ell log #ata
Re'i'ti,it*JCo!#0cti,it* loggi!g
- for+atio! re'i'ti,it*
- i!#icatio! of )oro'it*
- i!#icatio! of )ore-fl0i#
- i!#icatio! of )er+eailit*/ if re'i'ti,it*J co!#0cti,it*
#ata -it1 ,ar*i!g #e)t1 of i!,e'tigatio! are a,ailale.
Ga++a ra* loggi!g
- roc( c1aracteriIatio!
- for+atio! o0!#arie'.
S)o!ta!eo0' Pote!tial loggi!g
- o0!#arie' of )er+eale for+atio!'
- -ell correlatio!
Ne0tro!JDe!'it*
- 'tratigra)1*
- lit1olog*
- #e)o'itio!al e!,iro!+e!t
- )oro'it*
- )er+eailit*
- i!#icatio! of )ore fl0i#.
Te+)erat0re loggi!g - te+)erat0re.
Cali)erJ#i) loggi!g - orie!tatio! of 'tre'' fiel#.
So!ic loggi!g
- )oro'it*
- lit1olog*
- roc( +atri" +ec1a!ical )ro)ertie' a!# relate#
)ara+eter' for 'ei'+ic '0r,e* )roce''i!g.
Micro-re'i'ti,it*/ Do-!1ole ,i#eo i+agi!g
- orie!tatio! of Mrea(o0t'G fro+ -ellore/ orie!tatio!
a!# ')aci!g of fract0re' or ot1er -ea( )la!e'/
i!#icatio!' of +ag!it0#e a!# orie!tatio! of )ri!ci)al
'tre''e'.
Eell te't #ata
$ea(-off te't'/ '1ort or e"te!#e#
- fract0re i!itiatio! )re''0re i! t1e Io!e for -1ic1 t1e
lea(-off i' ei!g a))lie#/ )re''0re co++0!icatio!
et-ee! Io!e'.
Pro#0ctio! a!# or i!>ectio! follo-e# * a
'10t-i! )re''0re 0il#0) Cfor )ro#0ctio!
te't6 or '10t-i! )re''0re PfalloffQ Cfor
i!>ectio! te't6
- effecti,e re'er,oir )er+eailit* i! Io!e !ear
-ellore/ for+atio! #a+age !ear -ellore/ 50alitati,e
i!#icatio! of flo- Po0!#arie'Q. 2or '+all co!!ecte#
re'er,oir ,ol0+e'/ ca! al'o i!#icate o,erall co!!ecte#
re'er,oir ,ol0+e if te't la't' lo!g e!o0g1.
I!terfere!ce te't'/ i.e. )re''0re +ea'0re+e!t
i! !eig1ori!g -ell' at lea't o!e of -1ic1 i'
eit1er )ro#0ci!g or i!>ecti!g
- effecti,e re'er,oir )er+eailit* i! Io!e et-ee!
-ellore'/ 50alitati,e i!#icatio! of flo- Po0!#arie'Q.
2or '+all co!!ecte# re'er,oir ,ol0+e'/ ca! al'o
i!#icate o,erall co!!ecte# re'er,oir ,ol0+e if te't
la't' lo!g e!o0g1.
Do-!1ole fl0i# 'a+)li!g #ata
- co+)o'itio! a!# ,ariailit* of t1e for+atio! fl0i#'/
)artic0larl* t1e )re'e!ce of !at0ral CO
2
/ !at0ral i!ert
co+)o!e!t' or ot1er i+)orta!t co+)o!e!t' t1at +ig1t
react -it1 t1e i!>ecte# CO
2
i!3
- t1e i!>ectio! Io!e
- ot1er )er+eale 0!it' i! t1e 'torage co+)le"
- t1e fir't )er+eale 0!it o,erl*i!g t1e 'torage
co+)le"/ if )re'e!t.
Ta)le A:1 E3am.le( &" rele*ant (u)(ur"a#e data and t8e 'n"&rmat'&n t8at may )e der'*ed "r&m ea#8 <C&nt'nued=
,ata type :nformation derived
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
pp. ,ubsurface Data * 'age -$
W
e
l
l

r
e
l
a
t
e
d
Core )l0g te't #ata
- ca)illar* )re''0re a' a f0!ctio! of 'at0ratio!/ for t1e
rele,a!t CO
2
a!# for+atio! fl0i# '*'te+ i! t1e
i!>ectio! Io!e/ i!cl0#i!g re'i#0al Cirre#0cile6 -ater
a!# CO
2
'at0ratio!'
- )oro'it*
- relati,e )er+eailit*
- ca)illar* e!tr* )re''0re of t1e )ri+ar* 'eal
- t*)e of )ore fl0i#
- c1aracteriIatio! of cla* +i!eral'/ te!#e!c* of
i'olate# cla* )article' to e relea'e# a!# )ote!tiall*
ca0'e )l0ggi!g
- +i!eralog* of t1e roc(' i! t1e 'torage co+)le"/
i!cl0#i!g co+)o'itio! of t1e caro!ate'/ cla*' a!#
fel#')ar' if )re'e!t
- #efor+atio! )ro)ertie' of for+atio!' i!cl0#i!g
Poi''o!G' ratio a!# Oo0!gG' +o#0l0' -it1 a))ro)riate
')atial ,ariatio!'
- t1er+al )ro)ertie' i!cl0#i!g t1er+al e")a!'io!
coefficie!t/ ')ecific 1eat ca)acit*/ t1er+al
co!#0cti,it*.
Ta)le A:1 E3am.le( &" rele*ant (u)(ur"a#e data and t8e 'n"&rmat'&n t8at may )e der'*ed "r&m ea#8 <C&nt'nued=
,ata type :nformation derived
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
pp. ,ubsurface Data * 'age -"
W
e
l
l

r
e
l
a
t
e
d
Eell i!tegrit*
#ata
Eell coor#i!ate' - !0+er a!# locatio! of -ell'.
Eell 'c1e+atic' - a' 0ilt co!'tr0ctio!.
Drilli!g re)ort' i!cl0#i!g #rilli!g fl0i#
re)ort'
- -ell co!'tr0ctio!
- 50alit* of e"ec0tio!
- )role+ area'
- -ear )oi!t'.
O)e! 1ole log #ata i!cl0#i!g calli)er log'
- geological for+atio! a!# 1ole co!#itio! )rior to
'etti!g ca'i!g.
Ce+e!t e,al0atio! log' - ce+e!t )o'itio! a!# 50alit*.
Ce+e!t )lace+e!t #ata i!cl0#i!g ce!traliIer
)rogra++e
- ce+e!t )o'itio! a!# 50alit*.
Ce+e!t #e'ig! a!# relate# laorator*
re)ort'
- +ec1a!ical a!# c1e+ical )ro)ertie' of ce+e!t.
Eell co+)letio! log'
- t00lar co!!ectio! a!# >e-eller* #e)t1'
- co!#itio! of t1e ao,e.
Date' of ')0##i!g/ -or(o,er' a!#
aa!#o!+e!t
- age of e50i)+e!t
- 1i'tor* of t1e -ell.
De'cri)tio! of +aterial' a!# ce+e!t' 0'e# - +ec1a!ical a!# c1e+ical )ro)ertie'.
Re'0lt' of +ec1a!ical i!tegrit* te't'
)erfor+e# o! t1e -ell
- geological for+atio! 'tre!gt1
- ce+e!t 50alit*.
A!!0l0' )re''0reJfl0i# 'a+)li!g
- i!tegrit* of ca'i!g a!# -ell arrier'
- 'eal lea( rate'.
Vi'0al i!')ectio! of t1e 'eale# to) of t1e
aa!#o!e# -ellore -it1 )o''ile 0le
te't'
- i!tegrit* of t1e aa!#o!+e!t.
Recor#' of lea( te't' )erfor+e# efore
aa!#o!+e!t
- i!tegrit* of t1e aa!#o!+e!t.
Ot1er i!for+atio! '0c1 a' t1e )re'e!ce or
a'e!ce of '0'tai!e# ca'i!g )re''0re
- i!tegrit* of ca'i!g a!# -ell arrier'.
$i't of o)erator' C#rilli!g o)erator/ -ell
o)erator/ loggi!g o)erator/ etc.6
- 'o0rce' of f0rt1er i!for+atio!.
Trac( recor# of rele,a!t reg0lator* c1a!ge'
regar#i!g #rilli!g a!# aa!#o!+e!t
)ractice'
- ga)' -it1 re')ect to c0rre!t reg0latio!'.
Geo+ec1a!ical 1i'tor* of t1e fiel# i!cl0#i!g
'0'i#e!ce
- 'tre''J'trai!J'1ear 1i'tor* of t1e -ell.
I!#0'trial 1i'tor* of t1e area i!cl0#i!g
#rilli!g/ i!>ectio!/ )ro#0ctio! a!# +i!i!g
- 1i'tor* of e"ter!al factor' o! t1e -ell.
Recor#' of te+)erat0re a!# )re''0re a!#
co+)o'itio! of for+atio! fl0i#' o,er ti+e
- re'er,oir 1i'tor*
- -ellore c1e+ical e")o'0re 1i'tor*.
Ta)le A:1 E3am.le( &" rele*ant (u)(ur"a#e data and t8e 'n"&rmat'&n t8at may )e der'*ed "r&m ea#8 <C&nt'nued=
,ata type :nformation derived
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
pp. ,ubsurface Data * 'age -%
N
&
n
:
t
e
#
8
n
'
#
a
l

d
a
t
a
Co!flict of
i!tere't
9*#rocaro! re'er,oir'/ +i!eral re'o0rce'/
coal 'ea+' a!# geot1er+al e!erg*
e"tractio! )ote!tial i! Io!e' ao,e a!#
elo- i!te!#e# 'torage for+atio! t1at +a*
e i+)acte# * CO
2
geological 'torage
)ro>ect/ a!# t1e 'tat0' a!# o-!er'1i) of
t1e'e Io!e'.
- 1*#rocaro! e")loratio! a!# )ro#0ctio!
#e,elo)+e!t'.
O-!er'1i) a!# 'tat0' of i!te!#e# 'torage
for+atio!.
S0rface i!fra'tr0ct0re a!# facilitie'
C0il#i!g'/ tra!')ortatio! corri#or' Croa#'/
railroa#'/ )i)eli!e' a!# )i)eli!e rig1t-of-
-a*'/ etc.6/ )o-er #i'tri0tio! li!e'/ oil a!#
ga' )ro#0ctio! a!# )roce''i!g facilitie'/
gro0!#-ater re'er,oir'/ etc.6
S0'0rface i!fra'tr0ct0re a!# facilitie'
C-ell'/ +i!e'/ -a'te re)o'itorie'/ ga'
'torage 'ite'/ aci# ga' #i')o'al 'ite'/ etc.6
Ma) of Io!e' co!tai!i!g )rotecte#
gro0!#-ater or Io!e' -it1 gro0!#-ater
-1ic1 are 0'e# i! ot1er '0'0rface
#e,elo)+e!t/ a!# for -1ic1 )re''0re
#e)letio!J0il#-0) +a* i+)act or e
i+)acte# * t1e )la!!e# CO
2
geological
'torage )ro>ect.
- gro0!#-ater 0'age.
E"i'ti!g )i)eli!e' a!# )i)eli!e rig1t-of-
-a*'.
- )i)eli!e'.
Sta(e1ol#er +a) a!# )la! to carr* o0t a
'ta(e1ol#er a''e''+e!t
- +a))i!g of 'ta(e1ol#er' a!# a''e''+e!t of )0lic
)erce)tio!' of CO
2
geological 'torage.
Ma) of )rotecte# or re'er,e# area'
- a''e''+e!t of legal a!# )1*'ical acce''iilit* to
i!>ectio! Io!e'.
Ma) of acce'' )at1-a*' C)i)eli!e rig1t-of-
-a*' a!# locatio! of roa#' a!# ot1er
i!fra'tr0ct0re !ee#e# for o)eratio! of CO
2

geological 'torage )ro>ect.
Reg0lator*
A))licale legi'latio!/ reg0latio!' a!#
#irecti,e' a!# i!itiati,e' to i!tro#0ce !e- or
+o#if* e"i'ti!g legi'latio! reg0latio!' a!#
#irecti,e'.
- reg0lator* re'trictio!'/ e.g./ e!,iro!+e!tal
reg0latio!'/ tra!'-or#er tra!')ortatio!J+igratio!
i''0e'.
E!,iro!+e!tal
Cli+ate/ at+o')1ere a!# +eteorolog*/
ecolog*/ -il#life/ )la!t'/ )ar(' a!# re'er,e'
- '0rface a!# +ari!e e!,iro!+e!t.
Societal
De+ogra)1* a!# 1i'torical factor' t1at ca!
i!fl0e!ce 1o- t1e )ro>ect -ill affect a!# e
,ie-e# * t1e local )o)0latio!.
- #e+ogra)1* a!# )olitical/ c0lt0ral a!# eco!o+ic
e!,iro!+e!t.
Political/ c0lt0ral a!# regio!al eco!o+ic
circ0+'ta!ce' t1at +a* i!fl0e!ce t1e
'0cce'' of t1e )ro>ect
Ta)le A:1 E3am.le( &" rele*ant (u)(ur"a#e data and t8e 'n"&rmat'&n t8at may )e der'*ed "r&m ea#8 <C&nt'nued=
,ata type :nformation derived
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
pp.< Aeneric failure modes for well integrity under e6posure to )arbon Dio6ide * 'age -+
A!!END%E 5 GENER%C FA%;URE @ODES FOR WE;; %NTEGR%TF
UNDER EE!OSURE TO CAR5ON D%OE%DE
Ta)le 5:1 Gener'# #8e#0:l'(t &" "a'lure m&de( and "a'lure me#8an'(m( "&r 6ell( under e3.&(ure t& #ar)&n
d'&3'de <CO
2
=
Co. Bell &omponent 1ailure mode 1ailure mechanism
% Eell
%.0% A!* )art of t1e
-ell
Mi'>0#g+e!t of
'tat0'
- +i''i!g critical #ata
- )oor #ata.
2 :))er Co+)letio!
2.0% Pro#0ctio! )ac(er
Ci!cl0#i!g 'eal
a''e+lie'6
Material *iel#' or
crac('
- +aterial' of co!'tr0ctio! lo'e t1eir +ec1a!ical 'tre!gt1 a!# egi! to
*iel# C1ot6/ or rittle fract0re if '0>ecte# to ,er* col# co!#itio!'
- +aterial' o! co!'tr0ctio! #o !ot 1a,e ca)acit* to re'i't )re''0re force'.
2.02 Material
#egra#atio!
- co+)atiilit* -it1 CO
2
a!# ot1er trace )ro#0ct' i! fl0i# 'trea+
- #egra#atio! 0!#er c1e+ical 'ti+0l0'
- 9
2
S crac(i!g Ccorro'io!6 CCo!'i#er if 9
2
i' li(el*6.
2.03 :!reliale +aterial
)erfor+a!ce
- e")lo'i,e #eco+)re''io!
- i+)ro)er 1ar#!e'' at all co!#itio!'
- #egra#atio! 0!#er c1e+ical 'ti+0l0' or 0!#er )ro#0ctio! fl0i#
co!#itio!'.
2.0? Sli))i!g - t1er+al e")a!'io! Cor co!tractio!6 of t0i!g )lace' a##itio!al loa# o!
loc(i!g +ec1a!i'+
- loc(' atte+)t to 1ol# o! to a -or! or corro#e# ca'i!g -all
- 0!'tale -ell flo- c*cle' +aterial to fatig0e fail0re.
2.0< T0i!g a!#
>e-elr*
Material
#egra#atio!
- corro'io! fro+ fl0i#' or fro+ a!!0l0' 'o0ri!g
- ero'io! C1ig1 flo- rate'/ -ireli!e i!ter,e!tio!/ t0i!g +o,e+e!t6.
2.0@ Material *iel#'
Ccrac('6
- )re''0re a!# te+)erat0re ca0'e' +etal to *iel#
- 0!'tale flo- ca0'e' fatig0e
- i+)ro)er t0i!g +o,e+e!t ca0'e' 0c(li!g or !ec(i!g.
2.0A Tool' 't0c(
#o-!1ole
- t0i!g a!# li!er !ot i! ga0ge.
2.0B Co+)letio!
Stri!g Co0)li!g'
Material
#egra#atio!
- corro'io! fro+ fl0i#' or fro+ a!!0l0' 'o0ri!g
- ero'io! C1ig1 flo- rate'/ -ireli!e i!ter,e!tio!/ t0i!g +o,e+e!t6.
2.0D Material *iel#'
Ccrac('6
- )re''0re a!# te+)erat0re ca0'e' +etal to *iel#
- 0!'tale flo- ca0'e' fatig0e
- i+)ro)er t0i!g +o,e+e!t ca0'e' 0c(li!g or !ec(i!g.
2.%0 Seal fail' - i+)ro)er co0)li!g co!!ectio! 0'e# for CO
2
'er,ice C!o +etal to +etal6
- i+)ro)er a''e+l* of co0)li!g
- co0)li!g #a+age# efore or #0ri!g +a(e-0)
- co0)li!g ac(' off
- corro'io! cell -it1i! co0)li!g t1rea#'
- co0)li!g' ac(-off #0ri!g r0!!i!g Crotatio!6.
2.%% S0rface co!trolle#
'0'0rface 'afet*
,al,e CSCSSV6
Material
#egra#atio!
- corro'io! fro+ fl0i#'
- ero'io! C-ireli!e i!ter,e!tio!/ 1ig1 flo- rate'6
- ela'to+er e")lo'i,e #eco+)re''io!
- ela'to+er #egra#atio! 0!#er fl0i#'
- ela'to+er 1ar#!e'' )oor 0!#er certai! co!#itio!'.
2.%2 Material *iel#'
Ccrac('6
- +aterial' o! co!'tr0ctio! #o !ot 1a,e ca)acit* to re'i't )re''0re force'
or re+ai! #0ctile at certai! te+)erat0re'.
2.%3 Co!trol li!e fail0re - co!trol li!e loc(age
- co!trol li!e #i'co!!ect' fro+ co0)li!g
- co!trol li!e rea(' o-i!g to fatig0e
- co!trol li!e i' ero#e# * r0i!g.
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
pp.< Aeneric failure modes for well integrity under e6posure to )arbon Dio6ide * 'age --
2.%? Eell1ea# ;
C1ri't+a' Tree
Material
#egra#atio!/ or
0!reliale +aterial
)erfor+a!ce
- e")lo'i,e #eco+)re''io!
- i+)ro)er 1ar#!e'' at all co!#itio!'
- #egra#atio! 0!#er c1e+ical 'ti+0l0'
- #egra#atio! 0!#er )ro#0ctio! fl0i# co!#itio!'.
2.%< Material *iel#'
Ccrac('6
- +aterial' of co!'tr0ctio! lo'e t1eir +ec1a!ical 'tre!gt1 a!# egi! to
*iel# C1ot6/ or - 8rittle fract0re if '0>ecte# to ,er* col# co!#itio!'
- +aterial' o! co!'tr0ctio! #o !ot 1a,e ca)acit* to re'i't )re''0re force'.
2.%@ Corro'io! of +etal
fro+ i!'i#e
- t1i!!i!g of )re''0re e!,elo)e o-i!g to corro'io!
- e+rittle+e!t if 9
2
S i' )re'e!t a!# !ot to NACE 'ta!#ar#.
2.%A Crac(' fro+
cat1o#ic
)rotectio!K
Corro'io! fro+ t1e
e!,iro!+e!tK lo''
of co!tai!+e!t
- 1*#roge! e+rittle+e!t
- e"ter!al corro'io!.
2.%B Stre'' fro+ )i)i!g
o! tree
- )i)i!g a!# tree +o,e+e!t' )lace 0!acce)tale 'tre'' o! -ell1ea#
- P-ater 9a++erQ.
2.%D Stre'' fro+ -ell
'0))orti!g
'tr0ct0re a!#
e!,iro!+e!t
- 'tr0ct0ral e,e!t' a!# tree +o,e+e!t' )lace 0!acce)tale 'tre'' o!
-ell1ea#.
3 $o-er Co+)letio!
3.0% O)e! 1ole -
0!ca'e#
CO
2
i' !ot i!>ecte#
i! t1e Io!e of
i!tere't
- t1ief Io!e.
3.02 Sa!# co!trol E50i)+e!t fail0re' - +aterial' i!co+)atiilit*
- #eterioratio! of e50i)+e!t
- +ec1a!ical fail0re' of e50i)+e!t.
3.03 Sti+0latio! 2ract0re of ca)
roc(
- 1*#ra0lic fract0re >o.
? Ca'i!gJ$i!erJCe+e!t
?.0% Ca'i!gJ$i!er Material Degra#e' - corro'io! fro+ a!!0l0' fl0i#' Caeroic or a!aeroic6
- corro'io! fro+ re'er,oir fl0i#'K Co!l* for t1e )ro#0ctio! 'tri!g6
- e+rittle+e!t fro+ 'o0r a!!0l0'.
?.02 Material *iel#'
Ccrac('6
- +aterial' o! co!'tr0ctio! #o !ot 1a,e ca)acit* to re'i't )re''0re force'
or re+ai! #0ctile at certai! te+)erat0re'K Ct1i' o!l* a))lie' to t1e 'tri!g'
t1at act0all* 'ee t1e CO
2
6.
?.03 Tool' 't0c(
#o-!1ole
- t0i!g a!# li!er !ot i! ga0ge.
?.0? Co!!ectio!' Material
#egra#atio!
- corro'io! fro+ a!!0l0' fl0i#' Caeroic or a!aeroic6
- corro'io! fro+ re'er,oir fl0i#'
- e+rittle+e!t fro+ 'o0r C9
2
S6 a!!0l0'.
?.0< Material *iel#'
Ccrac('6
- +aterial' of co!'tr0ctio! #o !ot 1a,e ca)acit* to re'i't )re''0re force'
or re+ai! #0ctile at certai! te+)erat0re'
- local 'tre'' a''ociate# -it1 roc( +o,e+e!t' )lace e"ce''i,e 'tre'' loa#
o! ca'i!g ca0'i!g colla)'e
- #rilli!g #og-leg a##' a##itio!al 'tre''
?.0@ Seal fail' - co0)li!g i!correctl* i!'talle#
- roc( +o,e+e!t 'tre''e' )0ll co0)li!g' a)art Ca"ial6 or colla)'e
C)re''0re6
- co0)li!g ac(' off #0ri!g r0!!i!g Crotatio!6.
?.0A Co!#0ctor Corro'io! of
'0rface co!#0ctor
o!'1ore a!#
)latfor+ -ell'
- colla)'e 0!#er -eig1t.
?.0B 9*#ra0lic #a+age
of fo0!#atio! 'oil'
aro0!# '0rface
co!#0ctor
- colla)'e 0!#er -eig1t.
Ta)le 5:1 Gener'# #8e#0:l'(t &" "a'lure m&de( and "a'lure me#8an'(m( "&r 6ell( under e3.&(ure t& #ar)&n
d'&3'de <CO
2
= <C&nt'nued=
Co. Bell &omponent 1ailure mode 1ailure mechanism
DET NORSKE VERITAS AS
mended !uly "#$% see note on front cover &ecommended 'ractice DNV(&'(!"#%, pril "#$"
pp.< Aeneric failure modes for well integrity under e6posure to )arbon Dio6ide * 'age -/
?.0D Ce+e!t $ea( e1i!# ca'i!g - CO
2
#egra#atio! of ce+e!t
- 9
2
S #egra#atio! of ce+e!t
- +ag!e'i0+ c1lori#e #egra#atio!
- t1er+al crac(i!g a!#Jor #e-o!#i!g C+icro-a!!0l0' et-ee! ce+e!t
a!# ca'i!g6 #0e to Jo0le-T1o+'o! effect #0ri!g i!>ectio! i!to/ e.g./
#e)lete# ga' re'er,oir
- )re-e"i'ti!g c1a!!el' i! ce+e!t
- )re-e"i'ti!g +icro-a!!0l0' et-ee! ca'i!g a!# ce+e!t.
?.%0 Crac(e# ce+e!t
a!# ca'i!g a!#Jor
#e-o!#i!g
- #iffere!t relati,e +o,e+e!t alo!g -ellore #0e to '0'i#e!ce of
re'er,oir a!#Jor e")a!'io! #0e to i!>ectio! Ce.g. P'1ear/ (i!(/ colla)'eQ6.
?.%% Poor ce+e!t >o - ce!trali'er' #i# !ot f0!ctio! )ro)erl*/ +0# -i)er tri) efore ce+e!ti!g
#i# !ot re+o,e +0# re'i#0e effecti,el*.
?.%2 Da+age# ce+e!t
acro'' re'er,oir
i!ter,al
- )re''0re te't' C1ig1er )re''0re'6
- te+)erat0re a!# )re''0re c*cli!g
- aci#'/ c1elator'/ 'ti+0latio!.
< A!!0li
<.0% 2roIe! -ell - lea( to a!!0l0'
- col# fl0i# e!teri!g t0i!g.
@ I!>ectio! '*'te+
@.0% :!i!te!#e# )1a'e
c1a!ge i! t1e
-ellore
- ot1 ga' a!# #e!'e )1a'e CO
2
)re'e!t i! t1e -ellore.
@.02 E50i)+e!t fail0re' - )i)eli!e ')ec' i!co!'i'te!t -it1 +aterial ')ec' of -ell.
@.03 T0i!g '1oc(' - fl0ct0atio!' #0e to 'tart 0) C)1a'e tra!'itio!6.
Ta)le 5:1 Gener'# #8e#0:l'(t &" "a'lure m&de( and "a'lure me#8an'(m( "&r 6ell( under e3.&(ure t& #ar)&n
d'&3'de <CO
2
= <C&nt'nued=
Co. Bell &omponent 1ailure mode 1ailure mechanism