CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

CDR
HYDRO AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF SOUTH LEBANON
IRRIGATION AND WATER SUPPLY SCHEME
CONVEYOR 800 - Contract No. 3429
(Contract Section 2 - Fixed Part)

Construction Methods
Earth Works (Qelia Canal Structure)
A. Site Clearance
B. Excavation
C. Backfilling


Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

Page 1 of 39

Contents
A. Site Clearance ................................................................................................................................................... 5
1. Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 5
2. Scope ................................................................................................................................................................ 5
3. Definitions ...................................................................................................................................................... 5
4. Quantities ....................................................................................................................................................... 5
5. Time Schedule .............................................................................................................................................. 6
5.1 Progress Calculations ....................................................................................................................... 6
5.2 Time Schedule...................................................................................................................................... 7
6. Services ........................................................................................................................................................... 7
6.1 Lighting .................................................................................................................................................. 7
6.2 Communication ................................................................................................................................... 7
6.3 Dewatering ............................................................................................................................................ 7
7. Health and Safety Requirements ........................................................................................................... 8
8. Environmental Requirements ................................................................................................................ 9
8.1 Site Disturbance .................................................................................................................................. 9
8.2 Disturbance beyond the ROW ....................................................................................................... 9
8.3 Public Roads Disturbance ............................................................................................................... 9
8.4 Water Pollution ................................................................................................................................ 10
8.5 Noise and Dust .................................................................................................................................. 10
9. Risk Assessment ....................................................................................................................................... 10
10. Quality Assurance and Quality Control Requirements ......................................................... 11
11. Responsibilities .................................................................................................................................... 11
12. Resource Allocations .......................................................................................................................... 12
13. Methodology .......................................................................................................................................... 12
Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

Page 2 of 39

13.1 Clearing and Grubbing .............................................................................................................. 12
13.2 Removal of Existing Structures ............................................................................................. 13
13.3 Stripping and Stockpiling of Topsoil ................................................................................... 14
14. Document References ........................................................................................................................ 15
B. Excavation ...................................................................................................................................................... 16
1. Introduction ............................................................................................................................................... 16
2. Scope ............................................................................................................................................................. 16
3. Definitions ................................................................................................................................................... 16
4. Quantities .................................................................................................................................................... 17
5. Time Schedule ........................................................................................................................................... 17
5.1 Progress Calculations .................................................................................................................... 18
5.2 Time Schedule................................................................................................................................... 18
6. Services ........................................................................................................................................................ 19
6.1 Lighting ............................................................................................................................................... 19
6.2 Communication ................................................................................................................................ 19
6.3 Dewatering ......................................................................................................................................... 19
7. Health and Safety Requirements ........................................................................................................ 19
7.1 Personnel and Equipment............................................................................................................ 19
7.2 Existing Utilities ............................................................................................................................... 20
7.3 Protection of Excavated Face ...................................................................................................... 20
7.4 Fall into Excavation ........................................................................................................................ 20
7.5 Excavation by Blasting .................................................................................................................. 20
8. Environmental Requirements ............................................................................................................. 21
9. Risk Assessment ....................................................................................................................................... 21
10. Quality Assurance and Quality Control Requirements ......................................................... 22
Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

Page 3 of 39

11. Responsibilities .................................................................................................................................... 22
12. Resource Allocations .......................................................................................................................... 23
13. Methodology .......................................................................................................................................... 24
13.1 Prior Activities ............................................................................................................................. 24
13.2 Excavation ...................................................................................................................................... 24
13.3 Surface Preparation ................................................................................................................... 26
13.4 Reinstatement .............................................................................................................................. 26
14. Document References ........................................................................................................................ 26
C. Backfilling ....................................................................................................................................................... 27
1. Introduction ............................................................................................................................................... 27
2. Scope ............................................................................................................................................................. 27
3. Definitions ................................................................................................................................................... 27
4. Quantities .................................................................................................................................................... 27
5. Time Schedule ........................................................................................................................................... 27
5.1 Progress Calculations .................................................................................................................... 28
5.2 Time Schedule................................................................................................................................... 28
6. Services ........................................................................................................................................................ 28
6.1 Lighting ............................................................................................................................................... 28
6.2 Communication ................................................................................................................................ 29
6.3 Dewatering ......................................................................................................................................... 29
7. Health and Safety Requirements ........................................................................................................ 29
8. Environmental Requirements ............................................................................................................. 30
9. Risk Assessment ....................................................................................................................................... 31
10. Quality Assurance and Quality Control Requirements ......................................................... 31
11. Responsibilities .................................................................................................................................... 32
Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

Page 4 of 39

12. Resource Allocations .......................................................................................................................... 33
13. Methodology .......................................................................................................................................... 34
13.1 Prior Activities ............................................................................................................................. 34
13.2 Execution ........................................................................................................................................ 34
13.3 Precautions .................................................................................................................................... 35
14. Document References ........................................................................................................................ 36
Annexures ................................................................................................................................................................ 37
Annex I - Subsections ........................................................................................................................................... 38
Annex II - Organization Chart ........................................................................................................................... 39


Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

Page 5 of 39

A. Site Clearance
1. Introduction
The purpose of this procedure is to outline the Site clearance, Grubbing and Topsoil removal
in respect to Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon Irrigation and Water Supply
Scheme CONVEYOR 800 Project.
The detailed guide will provide the clear steps undertaken to complete the process of the site
clearance activities in a safe, systematic and efficient manner in compliance to the statutory
and environmental requirements.
2. Scope
The procedure will include the removal and disposal of all plants, equipment, components,
materials, waste, existing structures and topsoil stripping and grading, prior to the initiation
of the earthworks and structural works within the boundary of the construction of the Qelia
Canal Structure and the maintenance road.
3. Definitions
All terms used in the development of this procedure are defined in Item Specifications.
4. Quantities
The total length of the Qelia Canal Structure and the maintenance road is summarized here
below in the table as follows:
From Station To Station
Length
[m]
0+200.00 0+720.00 520.00
0+720.00 1+165.00 445.00
1+165.00 3+385.00 2220.00
3+972.00 5+066.00 1094.00
5+352.00 5+756.00 404.00
6+170.00 7+438.25 1268.25
5951.25 Total Canal Length [m]

Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

Page 6 of 39

The total quantities of clearing and grubbing as well as the stripping and stockpiling of
topsoil for the canal structure and the maintenance road are 65,800 m
2
and 6,580 m
3

respectively as mentioned in the bill of quantities.
The following figure shows a typical section of the canal and the maintenance road:

5. Time Schedule
Throughout the Contractor planning for earth works, the working areas for Qelia Canal
Structure are divided into 5 subsections (excluding siphons and other structures) based on
concrete teams allocation as follows:
1. Section A: 0+200 → 1+600, L= 1,400m
2. Section B: 1+600 → 3+000, L= 1,400m
3. Section C: 3+972 → 5+066, L= 1,094m
4. Section D: 5+352 → 5+756, L= 404m
5. Section E: 6+170 → 7+300, L= 1,130m
Dissection of the above mentioned subsections is shown in Annex I enclosed to the present
method statement.
Based on the Contractor planning study in relevant to the quantities included in the bill of
quantities, (1) site clearance team (Clearing, Grubbing and stripping of Topsoil) is enough to
execute the required quantities in approximately 4 calendar months.
5.1 Progress Calculations
The assumption adopted for the productivity rate with the assigned resources is as follows:
Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

Page 7 of 39

ACTIVITY UNIT
PRODUCTIVITY
OF TEAM / DAY
EQUIPMENTS PER
TEAM
MANPOWER PER
TEAM
Clear and grub
area
m
2
2,000
(1) 977 Shovel Track + (2)
Trucks + (1) Excavator 320
(2) Unskilled labor
Strip topsoil and
stockpile
m
3
250
(1) 977 Shovel Track + (2)
Trucks + (1) Excavator 320
(2) Unskilled labor
5.2 Time Schedule
Detailed Time Schedule is to be submitted along with the program of work for the approval
of the Engineer.
The program depicts the sequence of work for the execution of Qelia Canal Structure and
duration of each activity.
6. Services
6.1 Lighting
Contractor will provide the necessary lighting equipment to ensure appropriate lighting in
all the working areas when working at night. Additionally, working machineries and
equipment will also be equipped with lighting accessories.
6.2 Communication
Contractor will provide a radio stations to enable communication between the working
groups.
6.3 Dewatering
The water that appears at the working areas due to surface water inflow during rainy
weather shall be discharged by installing adequate dewatering system through suction
pumps and pipelines to dispose water in accordance with the method statement for
dewatering activities, to be submitted when required.
Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

Page 8 of 39

7. Health and Safety Requirements
The occurrence of site accidents should be kept to a minimal.
Health, Safety and Environment Plan will be provided at site to ensure smooth running of
works in safe manner, taking into consideration the following precautions:
1. Ensure that all safety precautions and recommendations outlined in the Risk
Assessments have been applied.
2. Make sure that:
 All personnel including Third Parties are safety inducted prior to site entry.
 Workers are trained and competent in their duties.
 Operators are qualified, hold license for machine operation and trained in the
maintenance of machinery.
 All tools and equipment are in safe and good conditions.
3. Provide Frist Aide Facility on working site in case of minor injury treatment.
4. Arrange for all personnel the pertinent Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
including safety helmet, safety boots (Boots up to the knees are required when
clearing shrubs and trees, to avoid snake bites), ear / eye protectors, dust mask,
gloves and reflective vest (When working in vicinity of the road or nearby the
excavator or other heavy machines).
5. Place warning signs, barricades, lightings or fences at relevant locations such as:
 Critical excavations
 Pedestrian crossings
 Main roads where traffic flow is disturbed by work - Use signalmen wearing
high visibly clothes to arrange traffic.
6. Arrange with the owners of third party services like telephone lines, cables, pipelines
or other types of utilities, to make secure the use and operation of the utilities.
Consider all cables as “Live” unless otherwise indicated, and adopt a safe system of
work when such cables cannot be terminated.
7. Contact Authorities to determine the presence of any explosive or unexploded bombs,
or upon finding any suspected danger.
8. Investigate fall prevention method to identify the presence of any abandoned wells or
drainage systems to prevent personals from falling in it.
9. Ensure safe access to the Canal ROW and maintain the permanent and temporary
access roads in a good condition during construction activities.
10. Prevent sliding of materials along the slope.
11. Check and secure all materials debris prior to its movement outside the site.
Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

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8. Environmental Requirements
ROW Clearing, Topsoil Stripping and Grading shall be carried out in accordance with
requirements as described in the Contractor's Environmental Management and Monitoring
Plan, taking into consideration the following precautions.
8.1 Site Disturbance
1. Ensure that the site is kept in a tidy condition at all times and that all the waste
generated by the works is cleared from the site.
2. Do not burn combustible material arising from clearance on site without the written
consent of the Engineer; otherwise it shall be disposed of as spoil.
3. Switch off all vehicle engines when not in use to minimize combustion emissions.
4. Collect and Dispose used chemicals and engine oils in appropriate containers,
prohibiting its discharge to land or surface waters.
5. Store all removable items which are to be preserved on site in a safe location and
manner appropriate to their nature.
6. Protect all trees, shrubs, walls, buildings and other items that are to be preserved
from injury or damage.
7. Nesting birds are not to be disturbed as far as practicable.
8. Install all required drainage measures to prevent erosion and washout caused by
surface water during times of inclement weather conditions.
8.2 Disturbance beyond the ROW
1. Minimize disruption caused by clearing along the Canal route that passes through
built up areas.
2. Prevent trespassing beyond the ROW for any personnel or equipment.
3. Avoid or minimize the land damage caused by the operation of vehicles.
4. Protect all Ecological areas or Archaeological sites from any damage.
5. Report any complain by the public to the Community Relation Manager.
8.3 Public Roads Disturbance
1. Carry out appropriate survey prior to construction activities on roads that will be
used to access the ROW, following notifications and approvals received by community
relations.
2. There shall be no unauthorized creation of access routes to otherwise inaccessible
areas.
3. Reinstate any damage caused by construction traffic to roads.
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Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

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4. Minimize the project footprint at the ROW and any access roads.
8.4 Water Pollution
1. Identify any watercourses surface or field drains that maybe affected by the work.
2. Do not strip soil up to tile edges at any watercourse, stream or drainage.
3. Do not discharge or allow water contaminated with silt to enter a watercourse or
drain.
4. Consider surface water path once vegetation is cleared.
8.5 Noise and Dust
1. Check with residents or occupied premises that they are aware of the risk.
2. Keep noise to the lowest possible amounts and wear ear protection when necessary.
3. Use selective water sprays or other pertinent controls to minimize dust created
during demolition and loading activities causing hazardous to surrounding vicinity
and works.
4. Put eye goggles and dust mask to avoid eye wound and dust inhalation.
9. Risk Assessment
Works shall be carried out in line with the detailed project procedures below that shall be
used in conjunction with this method statement:
 Health and Safety Plan
 Environment Plan
 Inspection Plan
 Contractor's Emergency Management and Monitoring Plan
 Pollution Prevention Plan
 Reinstatement Plan
 Waste Management Plan
 Cultural Heritage Management Plan
 Training Procedure
Risk Assessment sheet of each activity shall be prepared by our specialist before
commencing any activity.
The process of hazard identification, risk assessment and control is made up of the following
steps:
1. Identify the nature and level of hazards.
2. Assess the health and safety risk arising from the hazard.
Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

Page 11 of 39

3. Eliminate human exposure to the threat or hazard.
4. Determine the suitable safeguard and systems of work that shall be implemented.
5. Monitor and evaluate any new control measures to ensure that they are effective and
safe and that new hazards are not created by them.
10. Quality Assurance and Quality Control Requirements
Quality assurance and quality control covers the records formed from site inspections,
examinations and tests that serve as documentation of the conformance of site construction
and erection to the drawings, specifications and regulations.
Develop Test and Inspection Plan in line with the work to be constructed showing 'Hold and
Inspection' points.
The following steps shall be followed by the engineer in charge before proceeding with the
next activities:
1. Fill the inspection check list to ensure that all activates are being performed as per
the expected quality. The inspection check list shall include the specific requirements,
safety and environmental measures.
2. Prepare inspection request, as per QA/QC Plan, and submit to the Engineer for
approval.
3. Follow up on the Engineer's site inspection and comments, until the RFI form is
approved.
4. Circulate the approved RFI form to the Corporate Quality Department for records
keeping, and issue order to proceed with next activities.
11. Responsibilities
The construction manager is responsible in ensuring the implementation of construction
procedure and method statement, supervising the work and reporting the progress of work
to the planning engineer.
The site manager is responsible for induction, briefing and advising of all personnel and site
visitors.
The QA / QC engineer is responsible in monitoring the execution and performance of the
works in relation to this method statement, approved drawings and technical specifications.
The site engineer is responsible for organizing all the works on site in a safe manner,
ensuring it is in accordance with the schedule and the construction drawing. He must also
Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

Page 12 of 39

assure the method statement procedure is followed and must notify the consultant for
inspection.
The safety officer is responsible in ensuring that all activities are carried out safely at site,
establishing the site safety plan, conducting continuous safety inspection and stopping any
unsafe work.
The Labor is responsible to properly wear the protective equipment provided and obey all
the safety rules. He must also perform the work as described in the method statement.
12. Resource Allocations
12.1 Man Power
 Site Engineer: 01
 Surveyor: 01
 Safety Manager: 01
 Supervisor: 01
 Flagman: As Required
 Operators: 04
 Vehicle Driver: 01
 Plant Mechanic: 01
 Unskilled Labors: 02
12.2 Equipment/Machinery Required
 Excavator 320: 01
 977 Shovel: 01
 Dump Trucks: 02
 Pickup: 01
The major equipment used for site clearance works include, but are not limited to the above.
Organization chart for earth works is shown in Annex II enclosed to the present method
statement.
13. Methodology
13.1 Clearing and Grubbing
The process of clearing and grubbing is the removal of all trees, bushes, vegetation, rubbish
and any other relevant obstruction within the line of work.
Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

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1. Establish the survey markers to indicate the working area for the site clearance.
2. Produce a record of conditions that includes a photographic survey to be agreed by
the Engineer, Landowners and any relevant authorities prior to commencement.
3. Takeout a topographic survey on land that may be affected by ROW operations and
serve as a basis for final reinstatement.
4. Inspect Measure and Agree with the Engineer where trees require to be felled.
5. Identify and Mark clearly all the trees to be felled prior to commencement of the
operation.
6. Remove all the marked trees, bushes, vegetation, stumps and roots to their full depth,
while ensuring that the following precautions are implanted:
 Minimizing the felling of trees and loss of topsoil.
 Agree with the Engineer for any individual trees which have to be retained
within the ROW.
 Avoid unnecessary damage to the trees, crops, trunks and canopy by machines
or other disturbances.
 Do not totally remove the vegetation over the slop, to avoid the potential risk
of soil erosion on the slope.
7. Construct access roads when needed, to provide better access to vehicles and
equipment.
8. Remove unusable and hazardous materials accordingly to the following:
 Remove any loose boarders or materials located outside the ROW that may
impose danger to the constructions.
 Separate and Load all materials to locations shown on drawings or approved
by the Engineer.
 Obtain the written arrangement for the disposal locations outside the ROW
from the owner or governmental authorities.
9. Maintain the surface in a clean, tidy and stable condition allowing it to fall water and
to prevent ponding.
13.2 Removal of Existing Structures
The procedure involves the safe removal of all existing structures such as walls, fences,
drainage, water pipes and cables while ensuring that alternatives are found to resume their
existing functions.
1. Inspect Measure and Report to the Engineer for major structures, underground
structures, manholes, wells and similar items to be removed.
No action will be taken until the Engineer provides his instruction for disposal.
Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

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2. Backfill and Compact voids lift after removal with suitable material and compacted
density similar to that in the surrounding ground.
Fill with aggregate or sand in case of compaction is impractical, unless another
treatment is shown on the drawings or instructed by the Engineer.
Backfilling procedure is carried out in the Backfilling Method Statement.
3. Avoid unnecessary damage to fences, walls, hedges and property on or adjacent to the
ROW.
The places where a section of an existing fence is removed shall be supported to
maintain the tension in the fence wire.
4. Flume existing drainage ditches and small watercourses across the running track to
provide access to construction at crossed area and prevent water flow interruption.
The temporary drainage management plan will be submitted separately considering
the following precautions:
 Complete the diversion before the original drain is cut minimizing the
interruptions to its operation.
 Ensure that the free flow of water through the flume pipes is maintained
throughout the project and that discharging location is suitable and agreed by
the Engineer.
 Make sure that fill material used to make up the grade level of the flume pipe
does not spill into the watercourse and blocks the channel.
5. Ensure the following steps are undertaken where cables and underground services
are detected:
 Use cable detector and/or hand excavation (Trial Holes) where the presence of
a cable is suspected.
 Inform the Engineer immediately of the presence of any telephone or
electricity cables that require moving and contact the relevant authority to
arrange the work accordingly.
 Mark clearly any underground services indicating the service details and
depth.
13.3 Stripping and Stockpiling of Topsoil
1. Establish survey markers to identify the working area in which the removal of topsoil
is required.
2. Strip the topsoil to subsoil level or as instructed by the Engineer.
3. Use tracked equipment such as bulldozer.
4. Dispose and Stockpile the topsoil separately from subsoil or other excavated material
for subsequent re-use in covering the required areas.
Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

Page 15 of 39

5. Place the topsoil in piles at locations shown on drawings or approved by the
Engineer.
Storing of topsoil shall be prohibited in the following areas:
 Under overhead L.V. electrical cables.
 Areas where structures are to be erected or materials are to be stored.
 Within 5 meters of a watercourse or ditch.
 Within flood plains, unless gaps in possible water pounding areas are left in
the stockpile to allow water to pass through.
6. Spread the topsoil over the required areas in a uniform pattern, followed by
compaction and leave it with a neat and tidy appearance.
7. Grade sufficient portions of the ROW that are necessary to assist with subsequent
construction operations after completion of clearing works and topsoil striping.
14. Document References
All site clearance works on the project shall be executed as per the following sections of the
technical Specification - Volume 2.2:
 Section 1.2 - Site Clearance and Topsoil
 Section 5.3.2.3 - Stripping of Topsoil, Clearing and Grubbing

Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

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B. Excavation
1. Introduction
This method statement serves as a guideline for the excavation works undertaken during the
construction of the Qelia Canal Structure in the Hydro Agricultural Development of South
Lebanon Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme CONVEYOR 800 Project.
The process will include methods to carry out the excavation and surface preparation under
which the Canal foundation will be placed, in compliance with the environmental and safety
measures required.
2. Scope
This procedure is applicable to the excavation works and surface preparation for the Qelia
Canal of about 6Km length.
In order to achieve the required locations and levels of the canal foundation, excavation will
be carried out to a width of 9.5m and an average depth of 3m. Excavation will continue at
stages to reach the formation level, where the preparation of the surface will be executed
prior to placing the 100mm blinding concrete.
This method statement intends to describe the tasks briefly to ensure the smooth running of
all the excavation activities that are undertaken during the construction of Qelia Canal.
3. Definitions
The following words used in the development of this procedure are explained below:
 Barricade: Any object or structure that creates a barrier obstacle to control, block
passage or force the flow of traffic in the desired direction.
 Battering: To form the face, side or wall of an excavation to an angle to prevent earth
slippage.
 Benching: The horizontal stepping of the face, side or wall of an excavation.
 Competent Person: A person who has acquired through training, qualification or
experience the knowledge and skills to carry out the task.
 Face: An exposed sloping or vertical surface resulting from the excavation of material.
 Safe Slope: The steepest slope, at which an excavated face is stable against slips and
slides, having regard to the qualities of the material in the face, the height of the face, the
load above the face and the moisture conditions.
Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

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 Shoring: The use of timber, steel or other structural material to support an excavation in
order to prevent collapse so that construction can proceed.
All other terms are defined in Item Specifications.
4. Quantities
The total excavation quantity of the Qelia Canal Structure is 85,500 m
3
. This quantity is
distributed according to the bill of quantities into three types:
1. Excavation in material other than hard material or rock: 34,200 m
3

2. Excavation in hard material: 34,200 m
3

3. Excavation in rock: 17,100 m
3

These quantities are suspected to re-measurements according to site classification as to the
satisfaction of the Engineer.
5. Time Schedule
Throughout the Contractor planning for earth works, the working areas for Qelia Canal
Structure are divided into 5 subsections (excluding siphons and other structures) based on
concrete teams allocation as follows:
4. Section A: 0+200 → 1+600, L= 1,400m
5. Section B: 1+600 → 3+000, L= 1,400m
6. Section C: 3+972 → 5+066, L= 1,094m
7. Section D: 5+352 → 5+756, L= 404m
8. Section E: 6+170 → 7+300, L= 1,130m
Dissection of the above mentioned subsections is shown in Annex I enclosed to the present
method statement.
Based on the Contractor planning study in relevant to the quantities included in the bill of
quantities, (1) excavation team is enough for the (6) concrete teams (Number of concrete
teams is explained in Qelia Canal Structure - Concrete method statement). Seeing that every
(2) concrete teams is assigned in 3 different sections (sections as mentioned above), thus (1)
principal excavation team is divided into (3) sub teams, each of 1/3 daily productivity rate to
excavate the required quantity and to get the trench ready for the (2) concrete teams to
proceed with concreting works taking into consideration that blinding concrete will be
executed in advance.
Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

Page 18 of 39

5.1 Progress Calculations
The assumption adopted for the productivity rate with the assigned resources is as follows:
ACTIVITY UNIT
PRODUCTIVITY
OF TEAM / DAY
EQUIPMENTS PER
TEAM
MANPOWER PER
TEAM
Excavation in
any type of Soil
m
3

Average
300
(1) D8 Tractor Bulldozer +
(1) D9 Tractor Bulldozer +
(2) Excavator 320 + (2)
Excavator including
Jackhammer + (2) air
compressor + (4) Trucks
(4) Unskilled labor
The (3) Teams are planned to finish the entire excavation work in approximately 14 months
as follows:

 Sequence work of Teams as per stations
1. Team Exc (A): 0+200 → 1+600
2. Team Exc (B): 1+600 → 3+000, then 6+170 → 7+300
3. Team Exc (C): 3+972 → 5+066, then 5+352 → 5+756
5.2 Time Schedule
Detailed Time Schedule is to be submitted along with the program of work for the approval
of the Engineer.
Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

Page 19 of 39

The program depicts the sequence of work for the execution of Qelia Canal Structure and
duration of each activity.
6. Services
6.1 Lighting
Contractor will provide the necessary lighting equipment to ensure appropriate lighting in
all the working areas when working at night. Additionally, working machineries and
equipment will also be equipped with lighting accessories.
6.2 Communication
Contractor will provide a radio stations to enable communication between the working
groups.
6.3 Dewatering
There is no significant groundwater problems anticipated on this site, but if ingress of water
occurs during any time the excavation is open, install adequate dewatering system through
suction pumps and pipelines to dispose water in accordance with the method statement for
dewatering activities, to be submitted when required.
7. Health and Safety Requirements
Safety precautions shall be of paramount importance in order to prevent danger to the
public and ensure a safe working environment during the entire construction period. A
survey shall be carried out on areas on the site that may require specific Health and Safety
attention to moderate and remove any hazards or risks.
The following safety measures shall be implemented on site during the execution of the canal
excavation works, along with the measures undertaken in the ‘Site Clearance’ and
‘Backfilling’ method statements and the approved HSE plan:
7.1 Personnel and Equipment
1. Prevent persons to enter a work area where there is a risk of injury.
2. Control all activities involving moving plant using nominated banks man.
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3. Ensure that defective or suspect equipment, which has been withdrawn from service,
does not get back into service without the inspection and approval of a competent
person.
7.2 Existing Utilities
1. Use cable detector to identify and locate the underground utilities and ensure it is
protected.
2. Where overhead lines cannot be diverted or quarantined, ensure that plant is selected
or modified so that it cannot reach the lines.
7.3 Protection of Excavated Face
1. Considering soil condition and depth of excavation, batter sides of the excavation to a
safe slope.
2. Lower the underground water table if encountered to below the invert of the canal
and always check the pumps to ensure its workability.
7.4 Fall into Excavation
1. Establish a barricaded zone, 2m back from the left excavation face, in areas where
there is a risk of falling and where the depth of excavation exceeds 2m.
2. Ensure that all barriers, cones and flagging warning tapes are in place prior to leaving
the site.
7.5 Excavation by Blasting
1. Hire licensed hot firer prior to commencing any blasting works.
2. Ensure that the use of explosives is limited to competent, licensed personnel who
have experience in the work to be undertaken.
3. Check that all safety measures are being taken else blasting will be prohibited.
4. Secure all areas affected by blasting by flagmen to avoid any intrusions.
5. Relocate any vehicles and equipment parked within the blasting zone to safer
locations.
6. Stop any influenced traffic prior to blasting.
7. Limit the use of blasting in built up areas.
8. Control ground vibration by limiting the blast size and the use of delays.
9. Take special care in order to avoid over breaks other than geological ones.
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Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

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8. Environmental Requirements
Canal excavation and surface preparation works shall be carried out in accordance with
requirements of the Contractor's Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan as
described in the ‘Site Clearance’ and ‘Backfilling’ method statement.
In addition, the following precautions are essential and must be considered:
1. Undertake the suitable procedures to avoid the slit of soil during excavation activities
in rainy seasons.
2. Take appropriate measures to minimize the effect of oil/diesel spill in case of
machine failure.
3. Reduce noise from machineries to avoid disturbing the surrounding. Machines shall
be turned off when not in use.
4. Set up the lighting needed for night works in such a manner that neighboring
residents are not disturbed. However, the light should be sufficient for the crew to
undertake their works safely.
9. Risk Assessment
Works shall be carried out in line with the detailed project procedures below that shall be
used in conjunction with this method statement:
 Health and Safety Plan
 Environment Plan
 Inspection Plan
 Contractor's Emergency Management and Monitoring Plan
 Pollution Prevention Plan
 Reinstatement Plan
 Waste Management Plan
 Cultural Heritage Management Plan
 Training Procedure
Risk Assessment sheet of each activity shall be prepared by our specialist before
commencing any activity.
The process of hazard identification, risk assessment and control is made up of the following
steps:
1. Identify the nature and level of hazards.
2. Assess the health and safety risk arising from the hazard.
3. Eliminate human exposure to the threat or hazard.
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4. Determine the suitable safeguard and systems of work that shall be implemented.
5. Monitor and evaluate any new control measures to ensure that they are effective and
safe and that new hazards are not created by them.
10. Quality Assurance and Quality Control Requirements
Quality assurance and quality control covers the records formed from site inspections,
examinations and tests that serve as documentation of the conformance of site construction
and erection to the drawings, specifications and regulations.
Quality Assurance officer should periodically inspect the materials being excavated and
compare it with the material initially tested. Suitable materials are to be kept on site for
future use while unsuitable materials shall be disposed to an approved spoil areas.
He must also follow up with the Engineer for classifying the excavated materials as materials
other than hard or rock, hard materials or rock materials. Such classification shall be
submitted according to stations and depths of excavated layers for the approval of the
Engineer.
Blasting is also controlled by QA officer regarding the perimeter of blasting in accordance
with the safety officer.
The following steps shall be followed by the engineer in charge before proceeding with the
next activities:
1. Fill the inspection check list to ensure that all activates are being performed as per
the expected quality. The inspection check list shall include the specific requirements,
safety and environmental measures.
2. Prepare inspection request, as per QA/QC Plan, and submit to the Engineer for
approval.
3. Follow up on the Engineer's site inspection and comments, until the IR form is
approved.
4. Circulate the approved IR form to the Corporate Quality Department for records
keeping, and issue order to proceed with next activities.
11. Responsibilities
The construction manager is responsible in ensuring the implementation of construction
procedure and method statement, supervising the work and reporting the progress of work
to the planning engineer.
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The site manager is responsible for induction, briefing and advising of all personnel and site
visitors.
The QA / QC engineer is responsible in monitoring the execution and performance of the
works in relation to this method statement, approved drawings and technical specifications.
The site engineer is responsible for organizing all the works on site in a safe manner,
ensuring it is in accordance with the schedule and the construction drawing. He must also
assure the method statement procedure is followed and must notify the consultant for
inspection.
The safety officer is responsible in ensuring that all activities are carried out safely at site,
establishing the site safety plan, conducting continuous safety inspection and stopping any
unsafe work.
The Labor is responsible to properly wear the protective equipment provided and obey all
the safety rules. He must also perform the work as described in the method statement.
12. Resource Allocations
12.1 Man Power:
 Site Engineer: 01
 Surveyors: 02
 Safety Manager: 01
 Supervisor: 01
 Flagman: As Required
 Unskilled Labors: 04
 Plant Mechanic: 01
 Operators: 10
 Vehicle Drivers: 02
12.2 Equipment/Machinery Required:
 D8 Tractor Bulldozer: 01
 D9 Tractor Bulldozer: 01
 Excavator 320: 02
 Excavator including Jackhammer: 02
 Air Compressor: 02
 Dump Trucks: 04
 Pickup: 02
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Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

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The major equipment used for the canal excavation works include, but are not limited to the
above.
Organization chart for earth works is shown in Annex II enclosed to the present method
statement.
13. Methodology
13.1 Prior Activities
1. Prepare, check and submit verified construction drawings of excavation areas
including setting out, levels and service drawings for the approval of the Engineer.
2. Upon obtaining all the necessary survey data, carry out a survey to obtain original
ground levels and submit for the approval of the Engineer.
3. Set out the coordinates of excavation using steel rods driven into the ground and
indicate on these rods the required depth to be excavated, where the maximum
distance between rods is 20 meters.
4. Prepare access to the working area and plan for the dump truck and plant movement
avoiding any close approach to the edge of excavation. Access shall be approved by
the Engineer taking into account the site traffic management plan and the storage
area for materials.
5. Carry out a survey with the coordination with the relevant authorities to identify any
existing services and use cable detection tools and hand digging measures to clearly
mark these services on the ground.
6. It has been identified that the ground conditions will allow for the excavated faces to
stand within a slope of 1/4 without the use of supports, however if this is not the case,
obtain more information about ground conditions to determine the appropriate
support system such as benching or battering.
13.2 Excavation
1. Strip and store topsoil within the working width as indicated in the site clearance
method statement.
2. Carry out the excavation of the Canal in accordance with the relevant approved
drawings and cross sections, to the widths and slopes shown thereon:
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3. Recheck the excavated elevations and locations at the end of excavation to ensure
that the face of excavation is finished to the required slope.
4. Carry out excavation works using a bulldozer with ripper and / or a 360° excavator
assisted at all times by a competent banks man.
5. As the excavation progresses, use a combination of 360° excavator fitted with a
hydraulic breaker and an excavator with a small bucket attachment, to excavate the
side ditch of dimensions in accordance to the drawings and a distance from the left
wall of the canal to be agreed with the Engineer, to prevent the flow of water into the
excavation or behind the canal wall during the construction period.
6. It is the intention to excavate rocky areas by mechanical methods, however should
the occasion arise, carry out blasting technique.
7. Execute drilling by hydraulic rock drill with the sides of the excavation to be smoothly
blasted in order to form straight lines.
8. Saw cut all the edges of excavated areas on concrete or bituminous footways and
roadways using asphalt cutter to form trimmed edges and minimise damages.
9. Stockpile the excavated materials that are justified by the Engineer as suitable
backfilling material, at the lower side of the excavation far away from the area
retained for maintenance road construction, but ensure not to exceed the limit of LRA
property as indicated on the drawings.
10. Transport the surplus of such materials using dump trucks to stockpile areas
designated by the Engineer for future use.
11. Dispose unsuitable excavated materials to spoil areas approved by the Engineer.
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12. Upon completion of excavation, verify set out locations and check the edge slope and
the bottom founding level of excavation.
13.3 Surface Preparation
1. Trim the finished surface of formation to the required profiles and levels within the
approved shop drawings.
2. If the surface is other than rock, apply water spray and compact using a vibratory
roller, immediately prior to placing the 100 mm blinding concrete.
3. Where instructed by the Engineer, establish a site investigation to identify the
properties of the ground on which the structure will be founded and provide details
on bearing capacity.
4. Replace any removed loose soil encountered at formation level, or any excess depth
excavated below the formation level, with soil-cement mix or with approved
imported fill material compacted in accordance to specification.
5. Wash the rocky foundation surface using water or air compressor and clean it from
dust, mud, loose or fractured material and other debris, immediately prior to placing
the 100mm blinding concrete.
6. Where rock surfaces reach high temperatures under the influence of the sun, carry
out washing at night or in the early morning, to avoid fracturing due to thermal shock.
13.4 Reinstatement
1. Upon completion of work, reinstate all occurring damages or deficiencies to
channeling, kerbing or paving consisting of dressed stone, bricks, precast concrete
slabs or the like, to its original condition.
14. Document References
All canal excavation works on the project shall be executed as per the following sections of
the technical Specification - Volume 2.2:
 Section 1.3 - Excavation
 Section 5.3.2 - Construction of Cuts and Fills

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C. Backfilling
1. Introduction
This method statement outlines the backfilling works associated with the construction of
Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
CONVEYOR 800 Project.
The process describe the uniform work methods that are carried out during backfilling
operations, taking into consideration all safety measures and environmental requirements.
2. Scope
This procedure is applicable to all backfilling works requested for the construction of the
Qelia Canal Structure and maintenance road.
It intends to co-relate and control all the tasks required in order to achieve satisfactory
completion of backfilling activities on the project.
3. Definitions
All terms used in the development of this procedure are defined in Item Specifications.
4. Quantities
Backfilling quantities of the Qelia Canal Structure and the maintenance road shown here
below are according to the bill of quantities:
1. Backfill to canal: 7,500 m
3

2. Common fill to maintenance road embankment: 90,000 m
3

3. Fill layer above covered canal: 8,200 m
3

5. Time Schedule
Throughout the Contractor planning for earth works, the working areas for Qelia Canal
Structure are divided into 5 subsections (excluding siphons and other structures) based on
concrete teams allocation as follows:
4. Section A: 0+200 → 1+600, L= 1,400m
5. Section B: 1+600 → 3+000, L= 1,400m
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6. Section C: 3+972 → 5+066, L= 1,094m
7. Section D: 5+352 → 5+756, L= 404m
8. Section E: 6+170 → 7+300, L= 1,130m
Dissection of the above mentioned subsections is shown in Annex I enclosed to the present
method statement.
Based on the Contractor planning study in relevant to the quantities included in the bill of
quantities, (1) backfilling team is enough to execute the required quantities in approximately
15 calendar months.
5.1 Progress Calculations
The assumption adopted for the productivity rate with the assigned resources is as follows:
ACTIVITY UNIT
PRODUCTIVITY
OF TEAM / DAY
EQUIPMENTS PER
TEAM
MANPOWER PER
TEAM
Backfilling m
3
420
(1) Excavator 320 + (2)
Bobcats + (1) Water Tanker
+ (1) Roller 8 tons + (1)
Roller 1.5 tons + (1) Plate
Compactor + (1) Motor
Grader + (2) Trucks
(5) Unskilled labor
5.2 Time Schedule
Detailed Time Schedule is to be submitted along with the program of work for the approval
of the Engineer.
The program depicts the sequence of work for the execution of Qelia Canal Structure and
duration of each activity.
6. Services
6.1 Lighting
Contractor will provide the necessary lighting equipment to ensure appropriate lighting in
all the working areas when working at night. Additionally, working machineries and
equipment will also be equipped with lighting accessories.
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6.2 Communication
Contractor will provide a radio stations to enable communication between the working
groups.
6.3 Dewatering
The water that appears at the working areas due to surface water inflow during rainy
weather shall be discharged by installing adequate dewatering system through suction
pumps and pipelines to dispose water in accordance with the method statement for
dewatering activities, to be submitted when required.
7. Health and Safety Requirements
To ensure a safe working environment during the entire backfilling process, it is necessary
to control all occurrences of injuries and damages to equipment and properties in
accordance to the approved HSE plan and the following mentioned measures:
1. Check that safe working condition is obtained and identify any specific site hazards
prior to any backfilling works.
2. Ensure that all personnel follow the Health and Safety Rules by attending Site Safety
Induction Courses relevant to their work activities.
3. Confirm that all operators and drivers are equipped with valid driver’s / operator’s
license.
4. Alert all drivers to use safety belts, slow down and obey speed limits.
5. Ensure that drivers are not operating the machines in a manner likely to endanger
themselves.
6. Employ authorized signalman with the operator or driver when necessary.
7. Check that any machine or equipment at site, is authorized, inspected and certified by
qualified person prior to using.
8. Carry out a periodic preventive maintenance on all equipment and machines to
ensure it is in a good working condition.
9. Assign a stand-by man with radio to coordinate for providing a rescue team when the
emergency action is required.
10. Provide Frist Aide Facility on working site in case of minor injury treatment.
11. Enforce all workmen, supervisors and engineers to wear proper personnel protective
equipment including safety helmet, safety shoes, ear / eye protectors, dust mask,
gloves and / or high visibility vest.
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12. Agree with the Engineer and the relative authority for all traffic routes and access
points used for fill material delivery in such a way to minimize contact with
pedestrians prior to commencement of operations.
13. Provide and Maintain barricades and signs sufficiently when required, as
precautionary measures during the entire stage of construction, to protect the work,
workmen and safety of the public.
14. Ensure that the weight of dump truck containing fill material is not exceeding the
limited weight allowed by the local traffic law.
15. Take all precautions to avoid fire in storage of fuel and oil.
8. Environmental Requirements
Backfilling works shall be carried out in accordance with requirements as described in the
Contractor's Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan, taking into consideration the
following precautions:
1. Ensure that there is no dumping of garbage, waste, construction debris, motor oils
and the same on the site or on the adjoining vegetated areas.
2. Mark fuel containers with contents and prohibit its storage near to watercourses or
drains.
3. Identify any watercourses surface or field drains that maybe affected by the work.
4. Take preventive measures to contain water containing silt or sediment and prevent it
entering drains and water courses.
5. Take steps to ensure that water is not wasted during watering the fill.
6. Alert all residents or occupiers near working area for the risk due to noise and dust.
7. Minimize noise by selecting pertinent plant and equipment.
8. Take Arrangements for controlling the flying dust created during backfilling activities.
9. Wear eye goggles and use dust mask to avoid eye wound and dust inhalation.
10. Check and secure all fill materials prior to its movement and prevent overloading and
overfilling of transporting vehicles.
11. Ensure that the transportation path from site to stock area is always clean and free
from soil or waste matter that may fall down during transportation.
12. Assign areas for washing vehicles wheel before leaving the site to public roads.
13. Carry out appropriate survey on roads that will be used for transporting fill material
before commencing any works.
14. Reinstate all damages accompanying transportation of the fill material.
15. Switch off all vehicle engines when not in use to minimize combustion emissions.
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9. Risk Assessment
Works shall be carried out in line with the detailed project procedures below that shall be
used in conjunction with this method statement:
 Health and Safety Plan
 Environment Plan
 Inspection Plan
 Contractor's Emergency Management and Monitoring Plan
 Pollution Prevention Plan
 Reinstatement Plan
 Waste Management Plan
 Cultural Heritage Management Plan
 Training Procedure
Risk Assessment sheet of each activity shall be prepared by our specialist before
commencing any activity.
The process of hazard identification, risk assessment and control is made up of the following
steps:
1. Identify the nature and level of hazards.
2. Assess the health and safety risk arising from the hazard.
3. Eliminate human exposure to the threat or hazard.
4. Determine the suitable safeguard and systems of work that shall be implemented.
5. Monitor and evaluate any new control measures to ensure that they are effective and
safe and that new hazards are not created by them.
10. Quality Assurance and Quality Control Requirements
Quality assurance and quality control covers the records formed from site inspections,
examinations and tests that serve as documentation of the conformance of site construction
and erection to the drawings, specifications and regulations.
Develop Test and Inspection Plan in line with the work to be constructed showing 'Hold and
Inspection' points.
Earth work plan describes land backfilling of the site, including materials selection and
placement methods for fill, specific materials to be used and its compaction to achieve site
stability.
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The following steps shall be followed by the engineer in charge before proceeding with the
next activities:
1. Fill the inspection check list to ensure that all activates are being performed as per
the expected quality. The inspection check list shall include the specific requirements,
safety and environmental measures.
2. Prepare inspection request, as per QA/QC Plan, and submit to the Engineer for
approval.
3. Follow up on the Engineer's site inspection and comments, until the IR form is
approved.
4. Circulate the approved IR form to the Corporate Quality Department for records
keeping, and issue order to proceed with next activities.
Quality Control testing schedule for backfilling works is shown in the following table:
Test Parameter Test Method
Minimum QC Testing
Frequency
Grain-size distribution ASTM D422
1 per stockpile and source
change
Moisture content Moisture ASTM D678
As requested by the
Engineer
Selected and Common fill
material
Suitable or unsuitable as per
specification
Considering a section of
500m
2

Compaction Test
As to the satisfaction of the
Engineer
After compacting each layer
All the above mentioned tests will be performed in our laboratory located at the site
establishment area, to be inspected and approved by the Engineer upon completion.
All other tests that cannot be done in our laboratory will be performed in a third-party lab
“ACTS” approved by the Engineer.
11. Responsibilities
The construction manager is responsible in ensuring the implementation of construction
procedure and method statement, supervising the work and reporting the progress of work
to the planning engineer.
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The site manager is responsible for induction, briefing and advising of all personnel and site
visitors.
The QA / QC engineer is responsible in monitoring the execution and performance of the
works in relation to this method statement, approved drawings and technical specifications.
The site engineer is responsible for organizing all the works on site in a safe manner,
ensuring it is in accordance with the schedule and the construction drawing. He must also
assure the method statement procedure is followed and must notify the consultant for
inspection.
The safety officer is responsible in ensuring that all activities are carried out safely at site,
establishing the site safety plan, conducting continuous safety inspection and stopping any
unsafe work.
The Labor is responsible to properly wear the protective equipment provided and obey all
the safety rules. He must also perform the work as described in the method statement.
12. Resource Allocations
12.1 Man Power:
 Site Engineer: 01
 Surveyor: 02
 Safety Manager: 01
 Supervisor: 01
 Flagman: As Required
 Operators: 10
 Vehicle Drivers: 02
 Plant Mechanic: 01
 Unskilled Labors: 05
12.2 Equipment / Machinery Required:
 Excavator 320: 02
 Dump Trucks: 02
 Bobcat: 02
 Motor Grader: 01
 Roller 8 tons: 01
 Roller 1.5 tons: 01
 Plate Compactor: 01
 Water Tanker: 01
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 Pickup: 02
The major equipment used for backfilling works include, but are not limited to the above.
Organization chart for earth works is shown in Annex II enclosed to the present method
statement.
13. Methodology
13.1 Prior Activities
Use suitable material obtained from excavation of works and from reservoir areas to
construct embankments, if this quantity is inadequate use materials from approved borrow
areas or quarries.
1. Stock the backfill material in piles and add appropriate water quantity.
2. Submit details to the Engineer of the material to use including at least three sets of
test results comprising sieve analysis, optimum moisture content and maximum dry
density.
3. Prepare access to the working area and plan for the dump truck and plant
movements.
4. Ensure that all repair work for concrete surfaces -if any- have been done and
inspected.
5. Remove all vegetation, topsoil and any other unsuitable overburden from areas on
which fill is to be placed.
6. Compact the existing surface using a steel vibratory roller.
7. Carry out survey to obtain original surface levels and submit the results to the
Engineer for agreement.
8. Set out and mark the limits of embankment fill using a steel rod driven into the
ground with a maximum distance of 10 meters between rods, where the offset
distance from edge of embankment depends on the height of fill and the edge slope.
9. Indicate the reference level of the layers on the offset rods or on shuttering or
concrete sides -if any- taking into consideration the difference in levels between the
final edge of embankment and the offset rods.
10. Check these rods and the marks on them routinely.
13.2 Execution
1. Use a front end loader or hydraulic excavator to load the fill materials into tippers and
transport it for spreading by dozer / hydraulic motor grader combination.
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2. Place the fill in successive layers not exceeding 300 mm after compaction. The layers
shall be parallel to the final fill surface covering the full width and length of the area
to be filled to ensure the area is built up evenly.
3. Remove oversize materials with a maximum dimension greater than the compacted
layer thickness, and ensure that no segregation is allowed by thoroughly mixing on
the surface with a motor grader.
4. Add water required to achieve optimum moisture content by applying it evenly and
uniformly over the area concerned.
5. Compact each layer by using steel vibratory rollers, in a series of continuous
operations in a longitudinal direction over the whole width of the layer so that each
roll laps over half of the previous roll.
6. Use hand compactors in confined areas adjacent to structures where heavy
equipment may cause damage.
7. Carry out a compaction test as to the satisfaction of the engineer at the end of each
layer.
8. After reaching the invert level of the HDPE cable conduit according to the approved
drawings, install the conduit taking care not to damage it during compaction.
9. Recheck embankment levels at the end of backfilling to ensure they are in compliance
with the drawings.
10. Finish the fill slopes with neat lines disposing all loose rocks and uncompact material.
13.3 Precautions
1. Ensure that the fill material do not contain boulders of height more than 2/3 of the
compacted thickness of the layer. The Fill shall not include any substances that are
injurious to the permanent works such as peat, timber, tree roots or stumps, refuse,
degradable matter, organic content, chlorides, sulphates or other chemicals.
2. Cease the work when disposed fill material that have not been compacted becomes
too wet due to rain or other causes until the fill dries and its suitable to resume
compaction, if necessary harrow the material.
3. Decrease the depth of layer, increase the number of passes or change the type of
equipment when the dry density is not obtained.
4. Ensure that water sprays are not directed on the fill with such force as to cause fines
to be washed out.
5. Place the fill so that the surface has sufficient camber to shed surface water and to
avoid ponding.
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Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

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14. Document References
All backfilling works on the project shall be executed as per the following sections of the
technical Specification - Volume 2.2:
 Section 1.4 - Filling
 Section 5.2.1 - Crushed Stone Materials
 Section 5.3.1 - Natural Road Materials
 Section 5.3.2.2 – Classification of Compaction
 Section 5.3.2.6 - Treatment of the Roadbed
 Section 5.3.2.7 – Fill

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Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

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Annexures
Annex I – Subsections
Annex II - Organization Chart

Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

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Annex I - Subsections

Hydro Agricultural Development of South Lebanon
Irrigation and Water Supply Scheme
Conveyor 800
CONVEYOR 800 MAK JV

Construction Method – Qelia Canal Earth Works

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Annex II - Organization Chart