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Acid Rain Lab
Research

What is the normal pH of rainwater?
5.5-6.0

What is the pH of acid rain?
<5.0

What gases create acid rain? Where do they come from?
SO
2
and NO
x

They come from burning coa and oi.
What are some concerns about acid rain?
!a"er #ou"ion $ o%ers "he #& of bodies of %a"er
'amage "o buidings and s"ruc"ures
(an" damage $ o%ers "he #& of soi
(robem


How does acid rain affect the growth of fescue plants?
&y#o"hesis



)a"erias


9 2-L bottles containing fescue plants
Water
Sulfuric acid (H
2
SO
4

Sunlight
(rocedure



!ach will be responsible for watering 2 plants two days a wee" in the
following methods# $easure the height of each plant in centimeters e%ery
$onday that the plants are watered#

&lue plants' () mL of water only
*ellow plants' ( mL of H
2
SO
4
and 4( mL of water
+ed plants' 2( mL of H
2
SO
4
and 2( mL of water
'a"a *
Obser+a"ions



,ay -'
4./.-4 !a"er ony ,0- Sufuric
Acid
50- Sufuric
Acid
0lant - 1 cm
0lant 2 2 cm
0lant 3 2 cm
0lant 4 ( cm
0lant ( 4#( cm
0lant 1 2 cm
0lant / 2 cm
0lant 2 1 cm
0lant 9 2 cm
4.-4.-4 !a"er ony ,0- Sufuric
Acid
50- Sufuric
Acid

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0lant - 1 cm
0lant 2 -( cm
0lant 3 -3 cm
0lant 4 / cm
0lant ( 3#( cm
0lant 1 9 cm
0lant / 1 cm
0lant 2 4 cm
0lant 9 2#( cm
4.2-.-4 !a"er ony ,0- Sufuric
Acid
50- Sufuric
Acid
0lant - 1#( cm
0lant 2 23 cm
0lant 3 -/ cm
0lant 4 2 cm
0lant ( 4 cm
0lant 1 2 cm
0lant / ( cm
0lant 2 4 cm
0lant 9 2 cm
4.22.-4 !a"er ony ,0- Sufuric
Acid
50- Sufuric
Acid
0lant - -( cm
0lant 2 21 cm
0lant 3 24 cm
0lant 4 1 cm
0lant ( ( cm
0lant 1 / cm
0lant / ( cm
0lant 2 3 cm
0lant 9 2 cm



.oncusions



See notes below on how to write general conclusions# *ou must state a
conclusion that answers our problem'

How does acid rain affect the growth of fescue plants?

4dditionally5 e%aluate your hypothesis5 identify any errors in the
e6periment (you should ha%e at least one5 and application to areas
outside the course#



Upon completion of the lab, you must type up a lab report to submit for a lab grade.
General Format (10 points):

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Lab report is typed, using complete, well constructed sentences in person (no “I” or “you”). Lab report rerains
rom grammatical errors.
 !eport "as a title (2 points)
 Research questions are answered completely and correctly (1# points)
 $"e roblem is correctly stated in a well%stated and de&eloped 'uestion (! points)
 Lab report "as a well%stated and de&eloped hypothesis written in a 3
rd
person statement (" points)
 $"e parts of the e#periment are correctly identiied
 Independent (ariable (2 points)
 )ependent (ariable (2 points)
 *ontrolled (ariables (2 points)
 *ontrol +roup (2 points)
 ,-perimental +roup(s) (2 points)
 $"e $aterials are listed correctly (% points)
 $"e rocedure is listed correctly (10 points)
 &bser'ations are stated and at least one picture is pro&ided (10 points)
 (ata table is accurate and complete (10 points)
 Graph is accurate and complete (10 points)
 . General )nalysis and *onclusions are answered completely and correctly. $"ey identiy an e&aluation o
t"e "ypot"esis, assessment o accuracy o t"e results, and applications to ma/or ideas in t"e course. . source
s"ould be cited and reerenced in t"e application section o t"e conclusions. (!0 points)