What makes a good introduction?

Divided into 3 parts.
1. Current situation / Commentary
2. Stand
3. Thesis Statement / outline

What should each part consist of?

PART 1

1. Current Situation / Commentary should include a HOOK, which in a statement or question
that can HOOK or GRAB your attention.

Examples of HOOKS
a. Facts / Data / Statistic ( News, Articles, data from graph/Survey etc )
b. Questions ( Rhetorical questions related to the issue )
c. An Anecdote ( Story that related to the issue )
d. Examples ( Varies related explains )
e. Contrast ( Describing the opposite of a given situation, eg. topic: Money, opposite: No
money
f. Projection ( Imagining the future )

Basically, you may use any of the hooks above but make sure the tone of your essay if
FORMAL.

Example of Hook ( f-Projection )
DO NOT WRITE:
Imagine if there are no people to clean up rubbish, everywhere got rubbish so dirty and
many people would get sick because so many disease until everyone die.
DO NOT WRITE:
Imagine a world without a clean up crew, rubbish would be pilling up high everywhere and
disease would spread like wildfire to threaten the very existence of mankind.

PART 2

2. Stand
Refer to the questions and focus on the keywords to develop your stand.
Use these phrases to guide you.
a. In my opinion, I strongly/totally/completely/absolutely believe/feel/agree/disagree
that…
b. From my perspective, I …
c. From my point of view, I …
d. It is my opinion that …

SUGGESTED FORMATS

IF YOU CLEARLY AGREE / DISAGREE:
Use a five paragraph format
INTRO
AGREE 1
AGREE 2
AGREE 3
CONCLUSION
or
INTRO
DISAGREE 1
DISAGREE 2
DISAGREE 3
CONCLUSION

INTRO
AGREE 1
AGREE 2
DISAGREE 1
DISAGREE 2
CONCLUSION
or
INTRO
AGREE 1 vs DISAGREE 1
AGREE 2 vs DISAGREE 2
AGREE 3 vs DISAGREE 3
AGREE 4 vs DISAGREE 4
CONCLUSION

* NOTE that five paragraphs are the bare minimum, 6 in suggested but those with excellent
proficiency should NOT let the number of paragraph hold you back.
Conversely, the danger of writing too much is it is „self-penalising‟ as you will make too many
errors ecspecially if you run out time and cannot edit your writing.

PART 3

3. Thesis Statement / Outline

This is by far the MOST IMPORTANT part of the introduction as is foneshadows.
What the writer will focus on and gives the examiner.
An idea of how well the writer can organize his/her essay.

For low bands, a simple outline is enough. Use this template to help you.

In this essay, I would like to discuss advantages / disadvantages / reasons / causes/ strategics
which are ___________________ , ___________________ and ___________________

or

In this essay , I would like to focus on the ___________________ and ___________________
In this essay, I would like to discuss/advantages/disadvantages/reasons/causes/strategies
which are ___________ and _____________
Or
In this essay, I would like to focus on the *______________ and ______________
*can be replaced with :
a. Causes,effects and solutions
b. Pros,cons,solutions
c. Advantages, disadvantages,suggestions
d. Benefits, drawbacks,ways to overcome
e. Etc.
for higher bands, omit the T and replace with more formal structures
in light of this, there are many reasons/causes/effects/advantages/disadvantages to this issue
namely _____________ and ______________
or
there are many facts to this issue but let us focus on the _________ and __________ of
_____________ (issue)
or etc
SAMPLES OF INTRODUCTIONS FOR EACH HOOK TECHNIQUE
Now that you‟re learnt the theory, let‟s put it to practice. To show you how this words, I‟ve use
one question, and written 6 different intros but all with the 3 part format which I‟ve discussed.
There is a question at the end of this section and you may try your hand in writing your own 6
versions of the introduction… practice make perfect!!!
Now 2013 writing question
“the most important factor which contributes towards a person‟s success is himself”
Do you agree with the statement? Justify your stand, giving relevant examples where
appropriate. You should write at least 350 words.