1923/12/18 獲得專利 美國專利局 在諾福克·弗吉尼亞的羅伯特·L·亨特

閃光燈
申請書提交於1922 年6 月28 日。編號571435
Patented Dec.18,1923.
United States Patent Office.
ROBERT L. HUNTER, Of Norfolk, Virginia.
Flash Light.
Application filed June 28, 1922. Serial No. 571,435.
To all whom it may concern:
所有的人可能關注:
Be it known that I, ROBERT L. HUNTER, a citizen of the United States of
America, residing at Norfolk, in the county of Norfolk and State of Virginia, have
invented certain new and useful Improvements in Flash Lights, of which the
following is a specification.
無論是已知的,我,羅伯特·L·亨特,美利堅合眾國公民,居住在諾福克,諾福
克和弗吉尼亞州的縣,發明了在Flash 燈光特定新的和有用的改進,以下項目是
一些規範。
My invention relates to improvements in flashlights, searchlights, spotlights and
similar devices, in which the cap is adapted to change the distance of the lens from a
source of light constructed to throw the rays in a certain direction in order to focus the
light effectively at different distances from the light; and the objects of my
improvement are:
我的發明涉及一種改進的手電筒,探照燈,聚光燈和類似的設備,其中,所述帽
被適用以改變從光源構造扔的光線在一定的方向,以便有效地將光線聚焦在透鏡
的距離不同距離的光,以及我改進的物體:
first, to construct a spring bracket and socket for holding the light bulb;
首先,為了將保持燈泡要構造一個彈簧支架和插座;
second, to eliminate the use of the ordinary reflector such as is commonly used in
flashlights;
第二,用來消除使用普通的反射鏡,如通常被用於手電筒;
third, to use a reflector bulb silvered or otherwise coated to throw practically all or the
rays forward through an angular space;
第三,使用一個被鍍銀的反射燈泡或以其他方式通過包覆一個角度的空間拋出幾
乎所有的光線前進;
fourth, to use a short focal length lens; 第四,使用短焦距鏡頭;
fifth, to provide brackets for holding spare bulbs;
第五,提供托架,用於保持備用燈泡;
and sixth, to construct a device by means of which the light therefrom may be
effectively focused at different distances from the end of the device by changing the

1923/12/18 獲得專利 美國專利局 在諾福克·弗吉尼亞的羅伯特·L·亨特
閃光燈
申請書提交於1922 年6 月28 日。編號571435
relative location of the lens and the source of light.
第六,借助於該的光從其可以有效地聚焦在不同的距離從該裝置的端部,通過改
變透鏡的相對位置和光源的構造的裝置。
These and other objects are attained by the mechanism illustrated in the
accompanying drawings in which:
這些和其他對象達到通過於該項附圖中示出的機制:
Figure 1 is a side elevation of my flashlight;
圖1 是我的手電筒的側視圖;
Figure 2 is a transverse section on lines 2─2 of Figure 1;
圖2 是在圖1 的線2─2 之橫截面圖;
Figure 3 is a section on lines 3─3 of Figure 2;
圖3 是在圖2 的線3─3 之剖面圖;
Figure 4 is a diagrammatic illustration of my improved flashlight using a
concentrating reflector bulb and a short focal length lens with the lens in the advanced
position;
圖4 是使用了聚光反射燈泡和一個短焦距鏡頭具有在前進位置的透鏡來改善我
的手電筒的示意圖;
and Figure 5 is a diagrammatic illustration of my improved flashlight with the lens in
the conventional dispersing position.
以及圖5 是我在與傳統的分散位置的透鏡改善手電筒的示意圖。
My invention is embodied in a device consisting of the ordinary cylindrical case
1, having a rear end closure 2, conventional spring 3, switch 4, and batteries 5.
我的發明體現在由一般的圓筒形外殼1、有一個後端蓋2、傳統的彈簧3、
開關4 和電池5 的裝置組成。
A cap 6 is mounted to slidingly rotate on the case.
一個蓋子6 被安裝到滑動的情況下旋轉。
Instead of the usual reflector with socket, I use a spring bracket 7 for holding the
bulb, the bracket being attached to the case by ments of rivets, screws or similar
attaching means 8.
用來代替與插座平常反射的是,我使用的彈簧支架7,用於保持燈泡,安裝
在上述情況下通過鉚釘、螺釘或類似的附接的目的托架裝置8。
The ends of the brackets are bent at right angles and form points 9 which serve as
means to guide the cap forward and backward by running in the threads 10 punched in
the cap.
支架的兩端是彎曲成直角並形成點9,成為用在打孔在蓋子的線程上運行10
正向和反向引導蓋子的方式。
The bulb 11 is silvered or otherwise coated in the required proportion to throw
all the rays through the lens.

1923/12/18 獲得專利 美國專利局 在諾福克·弗吉尼亞的羅伯特·L·亨特
閃光燈
申請書提交於1922 年6 月28 日。編號571435
燈泡11 被鍍銀或以其他方式塗在被需要的比例上通過鏡頭拋出所有的光
線。
My expedient of silvering or coating the bulb renders unnecessary the usual
reflector.
我的權宜是塗銀或塗敷在燈泡呈現不必要平常的反射器上。
In carrying out my invention I use a short focal length lens 12.
在開展我發明用的是短焦距的鏡頭12。
The form of lens illustrated is a double convex lens although I may use other
forms of a short focal length lens such as a plano convex lens.
被示出的透鏡的形狀是雙击面透鏡,雖然我可以用其他形式的短焦距透鏡的
諸如平击透鏡。
As a receptacle for securely holding extra bulbs, I provide two spring clamps 14
located in the cap end.
作為一個容器,牢固夾持額外的燈泡,我提供兩個彈簧夾14 位於蓋底。
The principle of my invention and the means of operating it will be apparent
from the foregoing description.
從以上的描述我的發明和操作它的裝置的原理將是顯而易見。
When the user of a flashlight made according to my invention desires to focus
the rays of light or desired an intense light at a distance from the end of a flashlight,
he places the lens at a suitable distance away from the bulb to secure the right focus
simply by turning the cap.
當按照我的發明製造的手電筒的用戶,將光線聚焦光線或所需的的強光的距
離從一個手電筒的結束時,他會將透鏡在一個合適的距離,燈泡,以確保正確的
焦點簡單地通過轉動蓋子。
The lens is restored to its normal position, of course, by turning it in the direction
opposite to the direction it turned to increase the distance of the lens from the light.
該鏡頭被恢復到其正常位置時,當然,通過相對轉動它的方向將其轉動,以
增加來自光透鏡的距離的方向。
In Figure 4, due to the coating or silvering applied to the bulb, practically all the
rays pass through the short focal length lens.
在圖4 中,由於應用於燈泡的塗層或塗銀,幾乎所有的光線會穿過短焦距透
鏡。
The direction of the rays when the lens is in normal position is shown
diagrammatically in Figure 5.
當透鏡處於正常位置概略示於圖5,光線的方向,。
I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the precise structure and
arrangement of the parts, but claim the right to all changes within the scope of my
invention.

1923/12/18 獲得專利 美國專利局 在諾福克·弗吉尼亞的羅伯特·L·亨特
閃光燈
申請書提交於1922 年6 月28 日。編號571435
我不希望被理解為限制自己的精確結構和零件的佈置,但如權利要求我的發
明的範圍之內的所有修改的權利。
Having now fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to
secure by Letters-Patent is:
現在已經充分說明我的發明,是什麼我要求新的和渴望通過信件,專利以確
保為:
1. In a flashlight, means for holding an electric light bulb, said means consisting
of a bracket, the ends of said bracket acting as a guide for a cap on said
flashlight.
1.在一個手電筒,裝置,用於保持一個電燈泡,說明其裝置包括一個支
架,端部所述支架充當在蓋子的導向所述手電筒。
2. In a flashlight, means for focusing the light thereof, comprising a flashlight
case, a cap mounted to travel thereon, a bulb bracket attached to said case,
parts of said bracket acting as guiding means to control the travel of said cap,
a lens in said cap, and an electric light bulb inserted in said bulb bracket, a
part of said bulb being coated whereby the rays of light are thrown forward
through an angular space.
2.在一個手電筒,用於聚焦的光,其包括一個手電筒殼體蓋子安裝至在
其上行駛,說明連接到燈泡支架情況下,部分所述支架作為導向裝置,
以說明控制蓋子行駛,在說明蓋子中透鏡以及一個電燈泡插入所述燈泡
支架,所述燈泡被塗覆,從而光的射線被向前拋出通過一個角度空間的
一部分。
3. In a flashlight, means of focusing the light thereof, comprising a flashlight
case, a cap rotatably mounted on said case and adapted to move forward and
backward thereon, a resilient bulb bracket attached to said case, said cap
having grooves thereon, the ends of said bracket extending through said case
and acting as guiding means for the grooves in said cap, a lens in said cap,
said lens having a short focal length, and an electric lens having a short focal
length, and an electric light bulb adapted to be attached to said bracket, said
bulb being coated on enough of its surface to cause the rays of light from the
bulb to pass through said lens.
3.在一個手電筒,意味著聚焦的光,其包括一個手電筒的情況下,蓋子
可轉動地安裝在所述殼體並適於向前和向後移動其上附接至所述殼體的
彈性球托架,所述溝槽蓋子在其上,端部通過所述殼體托架延伸並用作
導向裝置的凹槽中,所述帽蓋,在說明透鏡蓋子,說明透鏡具有短的焦
距,並且具有一個電動鏡頭短焦距,並且一個電燈泡適合於連接到說明
托架,說明燈泡被塗覆在足夠的表面以引起光的光線從燈泡到穿過說明
透鏡。

1923/12/18 獲得專利 美國專利局 在諾福克·弗吉尼亞的羅伯特·L·亨特
閃光燈
申請書提交於1922 年6 月28 日。編號571435
In testimony whereof I affix my signature.
在證詞中為這事我附加我的簽名。
ROBERT L.HUNTER.