Bibliography

"10 Must-Read Facts on the Impact of Girls' Education." TakePart. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.takepart.com/photos/
ten-must-read-facts-impact-girls-education.

This site includes 10 statistics on girls education.

"Access Denied! Girls' Equal Right to Education in a Global Context, with a Focus on Pakistan." Leidenuniv. 2013. Accessed
April 20, 2014. http://media.leidenuniv.nl/legacy/kidsrightsreport-2013-final-lr.pdf.

In this source, it discusses gender inequality in Pakistan.

"Amartya Sen - Women's Education and Birthrates." YouTube. September 22, 2009. Accessed May 06, 2014. https://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xytH0FveYA.

This source is a video on how girls' education affects population trends.

Baldez, Lisa, and The Opinions Expressed in This Commentary Are Solely Those of Lisa Baldez. "U.S. Drops the Ball on
Women's Rights." CNN. March 08, 2013. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.cnn.com/2013/03/08/opinion/baldez-
womens-equality-treaty/index.html.

This article explained some of the reasons why the US won't sign CEDAW.

"Basic Education and Gender Equality." UNICEF ROSA. 2011. Accessed April 14, 2014. http://www.unicef.org/rosa/
education.html.

In this source, there are facts and issues surrounding gender inequality in developing countries.

"Basic Education Coalition | Improving Health and Well-being." RSS. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.basiced.org/key-
issues/improving-health-and-wellbeing/.

This website gave me information on how important it is for mothers to be educated so they can make the right
decisions concerning their child's health.

Benn, Melissa. "The Education Gender Gap Is Bad for Girls as Well as Boys." The Guardian. February 01, 2014. Accessed
April 23, 2014. http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/jan/31/education-gender-gap-girls-schools-
university.

In this source, there is information on gender inequality in European education.

"Chapter 9 Gender Inequality." Chapter 9: Gender Inequality. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://dmc122011.delmar.edu/socsci/
rlong/problems/chap-09.htm.

This website gives gender inequality a historical context, and explains some of the root causes of gender inequality.

Coren, Anna. "Afghan Malnourished Hit by Poverty and Education." CNN. January 01, 1970. Accessed April 28, 2014.
http://www.cnn.com/2012/10/16/world/asia/afghan-unicef-starving-girls/.

This source has a video which documented the life in the slums of Afghanistan, and how hard it is for mothers to get
the proper nutrition for their children.

"Despite Wide-Ranging Benefits, Girls' Education and Empowerment Overlooked in Developing Countries." Despite Wide-
Ranging Benefits, Girls' Education and Empowerment Overlooked in Developing Countries. Accessed April 28, 2014.
http://www.prb.org/Publications/Articles/2010/girlseducation.aspx.

This site describes the effects and statistics of not educating girls in developing countries.

"Educating Women and Girls." US Department of State. Accessed April 27, 2014. http://photos.state.gov/libraries/america/
475/pdf/EducatingWomenandGirls_Vol15_No12.pdf.

In this source, there are solutions to girls' education. It also gives individual stories about girls who have struggled for
education.

"Educating Women." Population Europe. Accessed April 17, 2014. https://www.population-europe.eu/Library/PopDigest/
3537/en.

In this source, there are effects of girls’ education on population

"Education - a Key Determinant of Population Growth and Human Well-being." Education - a Key Determinant of Population
Growth and Human Well-being. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2011-07-key-population-
growth-human.html.

This source gave information and statistics about uneducated girls in developing countries.

"Education and Gender Equality." UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.unicef.org/
esaro/5481_girls_education.html.

This site is about UNICEF and its organization and how it is working toward equal education.

"Education." Harvard Kennedy School. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.hks.harvard.edu/centers/wappp/closing-gender-
gaps/education.

This site specifies why girls' have a lack of education and how to solve the problem.

"Education-transforms | » Education Keeps Hunger Away." Educationtransforms RSS. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://
www.education-transforms.org/en/?portfolio=test-education-keeps-hunger-away#.U16LGGRDtf4.

This website links the connection between girls education and hunger.

"The Effect of Girls' Education on Health Outcomes: Fact Sheet." The Effect of Girls' Education on Health Outcomes: Fact
Sheet. Accessed April 16, 2014. http://www.prb.org/Publications/Media-Guides/2011/girls-education-fact-sheet.aspx.

In this source, there are statistics on how education affects health.

"Female Education and Economic Growth: Theoretical Overview and Two Country Cases." GUPEA:. Accessed April 28,
2014. https://gupea.ub.gu.se/handle/2077/32482.

This site shows the link between female education and economic growth.

"Fighting Malnutrition in Bangladesh with Education." UNICEF. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.unicef.org/
infobycountry/bangladesh_68757.html.

This source provided an article and video about the malnutrition in Bangladesh, and showed how the most effective
way to fight hunger is through education.

"Frequently Asked Questions." CEDAW 2014. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.cedaw2011.org/index.php/about-cedaw/
faq.

This site explains the pros and cons of the US signing CEDAW.

"Gender Disparities in Education: Between Promise and Progress." UNESCO. 2010. Accessed April 27, 2014. http://
www.uis.unesco.org/StatisticalCapacityBuilding/Workshop%20Documents/Education%20workshop%20dox/
2011%20Kingston/7_GED_2010_gender_disparity.pdf.

In this source, there are graphs and charts on gender disparity in education.

"Gender Inequality & Cultural Norms & Values: Root Causes Preventing Girls from Exiting a Life of Poverty - Sajan Virgi |
World We Want 2015." Gender Inequality & Cultural Norms & Values: Root Causes Preventing Girls from Exiting a
Life of Poverty - Sajan Virgi | World We Want 2015. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.worldwewant2015.org/
node/284178.

On this site shows how investing in girls' education can improve many problems in a country.

"Gender Inequality in Education." The Nation. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.nation.com.pk/columns/08-Jan-2013/
gender-inequality-in-education.

This site compares and gives statistics on gender inequality in Pakistan to other countries in the world.

"The Geography of Women's Economic Opportunity." - Richard Florida. Accessed April 30, 2014. http://
www.theatlanticcities.com/jobs-and-economy/2012/01/how-economic-development-helps-worlds-women/907/.

This site provides good graphs to use as pictures in the website.

"Girls' and Women's Education - Expertise - International - World Education, Inc." Girls' and Women's Education - Expertise -
International - World Education, Inc. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.worlded.org/WEIInternet/international/
expertise/display.cfm?tid=1004&id=756.

This site reveals how and why girls' education is problem.

"Girls Denied Education Worldwide." Day of the Girl. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://dayofthegirl.org/girls-denied-education-
worldwide/.

This source informed me on the barriers girls face when going to school and prevent them from going to school.

"Girls' Education in Pakistan: Victim of Conflict and Commitment." World Education Blog. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://
efareport.wordpress.com/2012/10/22/girls-education-in-pakistan-victim-of-conflict-and-commitment/.

This site explains gender inequality and bias towards women in Pakistan. Also talks a little about Malala.

"Global Partnership for Education." Girls' Education. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.globalpartnership.org/focus-areas/
girls-education.

This site explains how girl's education can lead to helping their families, communities, and countries.

Hajj, Mandana, and Ugo Panizza. "Religion and Education Gender Gap: Are Muslims Different?" UNIPMM. February 2006.
Accessed April 20, 2014. http://polis.unipmn.it/pubbl/RePEc/uca/ucapdv/panizza70.pdf.

In this source, it shows how religion affects the education gender gap.

Harris, Rich, and Claire Provost. "Malala Yousafzai and Girls' Access to Education – Get the Data." Theguardian.com. July
12, 2013. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/datablog/2013/jul/12/malala-
yousafzai-girls-access-education-data.

This source has multiple helpful graphs and images, and tells a first hand story of a girl from Pakistan.

"How Does Population Growth Affect Gender Inequality?" Home. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.psi.org/impact-
magazine/2011/09/how-does-population-growth-affect-gender-inequality.

This source explains the reasons women are not educated, and further explains the effects of no education on
population and poverty.

"Http://www.unicef.org/sowc06/pdfs/sge_English_Version_B.pdf." Unicef. May 2004. Accessed April 21, 2014. http://
www.unicef.org/sowc06/pdfs/sge_English_Version_B.pdf.

In this source, there are strategies and solutions for fixing the gender gap in education.

"The Impact of Distributing School Uniforms on Children's Education in Kenya." Innovations for Poverty Action. Accessed
April 28, 2014. http://www.poverty-action.org/project/0213.

On this site are reasons and statistics on why schools provide uniforms.

"International - World Education, Inc." International - World Education, Inc. 2011. Accessed April 24, 2014. http://
www.worlded.org/WEIInternet/international/project/display.cfm?ctid=na&cid=na&tid=40&id=239.

In this source, there is info on global solutions to the gender gap in education.

"Interview: The Struggle for Women's Rights in Pakistan Continues | Asia | DW.DE | 08.03.2012." DW.DE. Accessed April
28, 2014. http://www.dw.de/interview-the-struggle-for-womens-rights-in-pakistan-continues/a-15795010.

This site gives a woman experiencing gender inequality's perspective. (Stakeholder)

"Issues: Malnutrition." Empowering Women and Men to End Their Own Hunger. Accessed April 27, 2014. http://
www.thp.org/learn_more/issues/malnutrition.

This article gave information on how to empower women to reduce malnutrition and hunger through education.

"Kenya: Culture & Traditions Impact Women's & Girls' Rights | Violence Is Not Our Culture." Kenya: Culture & Traditions
Impact Women's & Girls' Rights. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.violenceisnotourculture.org/content/kenya-
culture-traditions-impact-womens-girls-rights-0.

This source explains how women are degraded because of cultural practices. It also mentions an organization that is
working to help women.

"Latest Publications." Empowering Women through Education: Promoting Gender Equality: UNFPA. Accessed April 27,
2014. http://www.unfpa.org/gender/empowerment2.htm.

This source gave information on empowering women to make their own decisions, and gave action plans for the
UNFPA.

"Launch of World Atlas of Gender Equality in Education ." Launch of World Atlas of Gender Equality in Education. Accessed
April 28, 2014. http://www.uis.unesco.org/Education/Pages/unesco-gender-atlas-2012.aspx.

On this site are over 120 maps and statistics on girls' education around the world.

"Learning Levels and Gaps in Pakistan." World Bank. November 2006. Accessed April 23, 2014. http://
elibrary.worldbank.org/doi/pdf/10.1596/1813-9450-4067.

In this source, there are statistics and solutions to the gender gap in education.

"Linking Infant Mortality with Female Literacy Rate." Linking Infant Mortality with Female Literacy Rate. Accessed April 28,
2014. http://www.unc.edu/~sauve/Final/.

This source gave information on the link between girls education and infant mortality, and also provided a helpful chart
showing the growth and connection.

"Little Progress on Girls' Education in Developing Countries - Report." Little Progress on Girls' Education in Developing
Countries - Report. January 30, 2014. Accessed April 15, 2014. http://www.trust.org/item/20140130051043-gzad3/.

Madigan, Jennifer C. "The Education of Girls and Women in the United States: A Historical Perspective." Advances in Gender
and Education, 2009.

This source gave me information on the history of girls education.

"MDG 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women." UNICEF. Accessed April 30, 2014. http://www.unicef.org/
progressforchildren/2007n6/index_41798.htm.

This site provides good graphs and statistics to use as pictures in our website.

"Measuring the Economic Gain of Investing in Girls: The Girl Effect Dividend: Policy Research Working Papers." Measuring
the Economic Gain of Investing in Girls: The Girl Effect Dividend: Policy Research Working Papers. Accessed April
28, 2014. http://elibrary.worldbank.org/doi/book/10.1596/1813-9450-5753.

This site explains how the investment in girls is benefitting the economy in low/middle class countries.

"Media Centre." UNICEF WCARO. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.unicef.org/wcaro/english/4501_5112.html.

This source gave me information on how educating girls can help prevent malnutrition/decrease malnutrition rates
globally.

"Millennium Development Goals." UNICEF -. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.unicef.org/mdg/
index_genderequality.htm.

This site explains the impact of Gender inequality and mentions UNICEF's solution to the problem at hand.

"Millennium Development Goals." The World Bank. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.worldbank.org/mdgs/
education.html.

This source gave information and statistics on the impact of the lack of girls education worldwide.

Moheyuddin, Ghulam. "Gender Inequality in Education: Impact on Income, Growth and Development." MPRA. November 7,
2006. Accessed April 15, 14. http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/685/1/MPRA_paper_685.pdf.

In this source, there is data and facts about girls’ education in developing countries.

"NEPAL: Gender Inequality in Education Has Deep Roots - Inter Press Service." Inter Press Service. Accessed April 24,
2014. http://www.ipsnews.net/2008/06/nepal-gender-inequality-in-education-has-deep-roots/.

This source talks about the root causes of gender inequality in education.

"Newswise." What Are the Roots of Gender Inequality? Women's Rights, Race and Reproduction. Accessed April 28, 2014.
http://www.newswise.com/articles/what-are-the-roots-of-gender-inequality-women-s-rights-race-and-reproduction.

This site explains the root causes of gender inequality.

"NWHM Exhibit: The History of Women and Education." NWHM Exhibit: The History of Women and Education. Accessed
April 21, 2014. http://www.nwhm.org/online-exhibits/education/introduction.html.

In this source, there is information on the history of girls' education.

"One Solution: Education." PBS. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.pbs.org/now/shows/341/education.html.

This site shows how education and investment in girls' can improve the country's well being.

Onis, Mercedes De, Monika Blossner, David Brown, and Elaine Borghi. "Level and Trends in Child Malnutrition." UNICEF-
WHO-The World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates, 2012.

This source gave me information on the growth of child malnutrition.

"Own the Goals: What the Millennium Development Goals Have Accomplished." The Brookings Institution. Accessed April
23, 2014. http://www.brookings.edu/research/articles/2013/02/21-millennium-dev-goals-mcarthur.

In this source, there is an unbiased opinion on what the MDGs have accomplished.

"PAKISTAN: Swat Conflict Takes Toll on Girls' Education." IRINnews. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.irinnews.org/
report/80396/pakistan-swat-conflict-takes-toll-on-girls-education.

This site explains girls' education limits and facts in Pakistan.

"Paying the Price: The Economic Cost of failing to Educate Girls." - About Plan. Accessed April 28, 2014. https://plan-
international.org/about-plan/resources/publications/education/cover-of-school-improvement-program-paying-the-price-
the-economic-cost-of-failing-to-educate-girls/.

On this website, it shows how not investing in girls harms the economic cost.

PBS. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.pbs.org/now/shows/341/education.html.

This website showed how educating girls can impact the amount of early marriage and child birth.

Pulugurtha, Shamala. "How a Lack of Education Adversely Affects Girls." Empowerment International. August 1, 2013.
Accessed April 17, 2014. http://empowermentinternational.org/2008/08/01/how-a-lack-of-education-adversely-affects-
girls/.

"Religion vs. Girls' Education." ReligionDispatches. April 28, 2014. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://
www.religiondispatches.org/archive/atheologies/1510/religion_vs__girls__education.

On this site shows the restrictions on girls' education from religion.

"Resources." Education. August 2011. Accessed April 16, 2014. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/
EXTEDUCATION/0%2C%2CcontentMDK%3A22980046~menuPK%3A282391~pagePK%3A64020865~piPK
%3A149114~theSitePK%3A282386%2C00.html.

In this source, there are stats, graphs, and charts on girls' education.

"Room to Read." Room to Read. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.roomtoread.org/page.aspx?pid=465.

This shows the organization called Room to Read and how they are trying to improve the lack of girls' education.

"School Uniforms." ACCESS Allowing Children a Chance at Education RSS2. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://
accesscharity.ca/initiative/global/current/uniforms/.

This is another site where they reveal the advantages of having school uniforms.

"Tell Us What You Think of GOV.UK." Reducing Hunger and Malnutrition in Developing Countries. Accessed April 28,
2014. https://www.gov.uk/government/policies/reducing-hunger-and-malnutrition-in-developing-countries.

This article gave information on how educating girls and women can help reduce hunger and malnutrition in developing
countries.

"UN World Food Program." Education Is Key To Reducing Malnutrition Rates In Somalia. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://
www.wfp.org/stories/education-key-reducing-malnutrition-rates-somalia.

This article focused on Somalia and highlighted the decreases in malnutrition from educating the girls and women.

"UNESCO - Education for All - Knowledge Sharing - Grassroots Stories - Pakistan." UNESCO - Education for All -
Knowledge Sharing - Grassroots Stories - Pakistan. Accessed April 27, 2014. http://www.unesco.org/education/efa/
know_sharing/grassroots_stories/pakistan_2.shtml.

This is yet another site on the situation in Pakistan and the lack of girls' education there.

"UNICEF Publications." UNICEF. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.unicef.org/publications/index_21345.html.

On this PDF are many strategies for overcoming the obstacle of lack of girls' education.

UNICEF. "Strategies for Girls' Education." Advance Humanity, May 2004.

This article informed me of the many approaches UNICEF is taking towards increasing the rate of educated girls.

"United Nations Environment Programme." -- (UNEP). Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.unep.org/training/programmes/
Instructor%2520Version/Part_2/Activities/Dimensions_of_Human_Well-Being/Education/index.html.

Inside this website it shows the power of girls' education and how it can have an affect on a country's well being.

"UNITED NATIONS GIRLS EDUCATION INITIATIVE." UNGEI. Accessed April 24, 2014. http://www.ungei.org/news/
247_5142.html.

This source talks about how international organizations have teamed up with local NGOs to fix gender inequality in
education.

"UNITED NATIONS GIRLS EDUCATION INITIATIVE." UNGEI. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.ungei.org/
infobycountry/ghana_429.html.

This article talked about the benefits of girls education, and what is being done by the SAGE organization to help boost
the enrollment rate.

"UNITED NATIONS GIRLS EDUCATION INITIATIVE." UNGEI. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://www.ungei.org/
resources/index_560.html.

This site explains UK's plan on how to support girl's education.

"We Can End Poverty." Millennium Development Goals and Beyond 2015. Accessed April 28, 2014. o http://www.un.org/
millenniumgoals/pdf/Goal_3_fs.pdf.

This site explains current issues/progress on Millennium Development Goal #3 (Reach gender equality).

"WEF (Thematic Studies)." UNESCO. Accessed April 17, 2014. http%3A%2F%2Fwww.unesco.org%2Feducation%2Fwef
%2Fen-leadup%2Ffindings_demography%25201.shtm.

In this source, it explains the causes of gender inequality in education.

"When Education Dries up." The Economist. November 02, 2013. Accessed April 15, 2014. http://www.economist.com/news/
finance-and-economics/21588927-new-research-hints-better-method-ensure-girls-africa-stay-school-when.

In this source, there is data and statistics on gender inequality in education.

"Why Girls Education?" Age Africa. Accessed April 14, 2014. http://ageafrica.org/about/why-girls-education/.

In this source, there is information on the root causes of gender inequality in education.

"Why Girls' Education Can Help Eradicate Poverty." The Great Debate RSS. Accessed April 27, 2014. http://
blogs.reuters.com/great-debate/2013/09/25/why-girls-education-can-help-eradicate-poverty/.

This source gave information on the link between girls education and poverty.

"A Woman’s Perspective: Pakistan Must Not Negotiate!" The Express Tribune Blog RSS. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://
blogs.tribune.com.pk/story/20960/a-womans-perspective-pakistan-must-not-negotiate/.

This is another article about a woman's perspective, however slightly more bias.

"Women Deliver » Knowledge Center » Facts & Figures » Girls Education." Women Deliver News Entries RSS. Accessed
April 27, 2014. http://www.womendeliver.org/knowledge-center/facts-figures/girls-education/.

This site provides facts on girls' education and a organization who try to overcome the problem.

"Women's Rights." - Global Issues. Accessed April 27, 2014. http://www.globalissues.org/article/166/womens-rights.

This site explains gender inequality along with it's effects at a more global perspective.

"Women's Rights Treaty (CEDAW)." GlobalSolutions.org. Accessed April 28, 2014. http://globalsolutions.org/human-rights/
cedaw.

This site explains the Women's Rights Treaty (CEDAW).

"The World Bank Education Statistics Newsletter." World Bank. August 2011. Accessed April 16, 2014. http://
siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTEDSTATS/Resources/3232763-1197312825215/EdStatsNewsletter22.pdf.

In this source, there are statistics on world-wide education.