Mellin Transform

:
{ }
1
0
( ) ( ) ( )
s
M x f x dx F s f x


= =


Inverse Mellin Transform:
∞ −
1
( ) ( )
2
c i
s
c i
f x x F s d
i
s
π





=


Q.1: Find the Mellin transform of
x
e

.
Soln:
1
0
( ); Re( ) 0 { }
x s x
M e x e d s s x

− − −
= = Γ >


QBy the definition of Gamma function QBy the definition of Gamma function
1
0
( ) ; Re( ) 0
z x
x e dx z z

− −
Γ = >


Observe that
1
when 1
1
( )
{ }
{ }
( )
x
s
s
p
p
s
e
s
M
L x
p


=
=
| |
= =
(
¸ ¸ |
\
Γ =
Γ
¹

where L denotes Laplace transform.

Q.2: Find the Mellin transform of
kx
e

,
where 0 k > .
where 0 k > .
Soln:
{ }
1
0
s kx
kx
M x e dx
e

− −

=


By putting kx t = , we get

1
0
1 (
(
)
)
kx s t
s s
M e t e dt
k
s
k
− − −

= =
Γ


Observe that
1
when
}
}
)
{
(
{
kx
s
s
p k
p k
s
M e
L x
p


=
=
| |
= =
(

Γ
¸ ¸ |
\ ¹

1
Q.3: Find the Mellin transform of
1
1 x +
.
Soln:
{ }
1
0
1
1
.
1
1
s
M x dx
x
x


=
+
+


By substituting
1
t
x
t
=

or
1
x
t
x
=
+
.
{ }
1
1 (1 ) 1
0
1
(1 )
1
s s
M t t dt
x
− − −
= −
+


0
( ,1 ) B s s = −
where, the Beta function is:
1
1 1
0
( ) ( )
( , ) (1 )
( )
B t t dt
α β
α β
α β
α β
− −
Γ Γ
= − =
Γ +


{ }
( ) (1
1
( ,1 ) )
; 0 Re( ) 1
sin( )
1
s s
s
M B s s
x
s
π
π
∴ = − =
<
+
Γ Γ −
= <

By a well-known result for Gamma
functions:
( ) (1 ) ; 0 Re( ) 1
sin( )
z z z
z
π
π
Γ Γ − = < <
Q.4: Find the Mellin transform of cosnx
and sinnx.
( ) s Γ
Soln: By Q.2, { }
(
( )
)
inx
s
M
s
e
in

Γ
=
/2
2
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
cos sin
( )
2
( )
2
( )
is
s i s
s s s
s
i e e
n n n
s
s s
i
s s
s
n
π
π
π π

− −
Γ Γ
= = =
| |
=

Γ

\
Γ
|
¹
( )
2 2
n
\ ¹

Separating real and imaginary parts, we
find that
( )cos
2
( )s
{cos }
{sin } in
2
s
s
M nx n
M
s
s
s
s nx n
π
π


| |
= Γ
|
\ ¹
| |
Γ
|
\ ¹
=

Above results can also be used to
calculate the Fourier cosine and Fourier
sine transform of
1 p
x

as follows:
By the definition of Mellin transform,
1
0
( )
cos cos
2
s
s
s
s
x nxdx
n
π


| |
=
|
\
Γ
¹


Or equivalently
1
( ) 2
{ } cos
p
p
p
F x
π

=
Γ
| |
|

1
( ) 2
{ } cos
2
p
c
p
p
p
F x
s
π
π

=
Γ
| |
|
\ ¹

Similarly,
1
( ) 2
{ } sin
2
p
s
p
p
p
F x
s
π
π

=
Γ
| |
|
\ ¹


Properties of Mellin transforms:
If { ( )} ( ) M f x F s = then
(i) Scaling Property:
{ ( )} ( ); 0
s
M f ax a F s a

= >
(ii) Shifting Property: (ii) Shifting Property:
{ ( )} ( )
a
M x f x F s a = +
(iii)
1
{ ( )} ( )
a
s
M f x F
a a
=
(iv)
{(log ) ( )} ( );
1, 2,3,...
n
n
n
d
M x f x F s
dx
n
=
=

(v) Mellin transform of derivatives:
{ ( )} ( 1) ( 1) M f x s F s

= − − −
2
{ ( )} ( 1) ( 1)
{ ( )} ( 1) ( 1)( 2) ( 1)
M f x s F s
M f x s s F s

= − − −
′′
= − − − −

(vi)
2 2
{ ( )} ( )
{ ( )} ( 1) ( 1) ( )
M xf x s F s
M x f x s s F s

= −
′′
= − +

All the above properties can easily be
proved by the definition of Mellin
transform.

Alternative Notations for CWT(Continuous
Wavelet Transform)
Alternative Notations for CWT(Continuous
Wavelet Transform)