[Download] General Studies Paper1:(History,Geography) of UPSC Civil

Service Mains Exam 2013, topicwise separated, original-scan uploaded
@Those still in fight (Mains-2013 players): Online platforms will be full of
commentaries on how tough/easy the paper was and what would be the expected score
for interview call….But don’t let that chatter distract you at this crucial junction. No
point in losing momentum or getting demotivated. Focus on remaining papers.
Whatever is gone is gone.
1. Prologue
2. Topicwise Breakup
3. General Studies Paper1- Topic wise
1. Culture (20m)
2. World History (40 marks)
3. Freedom Struggle (30 marks)
4. Post-Independence (50marks)
5. Sociology block related (40marks)
6. Geography (70 marks)
4. General Studies Paper1: Linear format
5. General studies Paper 1: Original Scan/Hindi Medium
6. Bogus marketing propaganda
Prologue
1. answer sheet had blank papers (no ruled lines)
2. Take-home question paper given.
3. All questions compulsory, no options/alternates were given.
4. For Essay paper, UPSC continued the old principle: “1 mark =10 words.” i.e.250
marks’ essay, the wordlimit was 2500.
5. But for General studies mains, UPSC sets new principle: “1 mark=20 words.”
=>5 marks = 100 words; 10 marks=200 words; and 250 marks=5000 words.
6. And that too for small-time topics like Tandav dance, one is supposed to recall
and write ~100 words to fetch 5 marks. Although question paper did specifically
mentioned “Content of the answer is more important than its length.”
7. 5000 words in 3 hours. As a result almost everyone had to leave a few question
and/or compromise with answer quality.
8. My Detailed analysis/Ph.D on mains exam, later.
Topicwise Breakup
CSM-2013-G1 Marks
Culture 20
World History 40
Freedom Struggle 30
Post-Independence 50
Sociology 40
Geography 70
Total 250
Instruction
1. 250 marks, 3 hours
2. Content of the answer is more important than its length.
3. Answer questions in not more than the word limit specified for each in the
parenthesis.
General Studies Paper1- Topic wise
Culture (20m)
1. Though not very useful from the point of view of a connected political
history of South India, the Sangam literature portrays the social and 10
economic conditions of its time with remarkable vividness. Comment.
2. Discuss the Tandava dance as recorded in the early Indian inscriptions. 5
3. Chola architecture represents a high watermark in the evolution of temple
architecture. Discuss.
5
World History (40 marks)
10 marks=200 words
1. “Latecomer” Industrial revolution in Japan involved certain factors that
were markedly different from what west had experience.
10
2. Africa was chopped into states artificially created by accident of European
competition. Analyse.
10
3. American Revolution was an economic revolt against mercantilism.
Substantiate.
10
4. What policy instruments were deployed to contain the great economic
depression?
10
Freedom Struggle (30 marks)
1. Defying the barriers of age, gender and religion, the Indian women became
the torch bearer during the struggle for freedom in India. Discuss.
10
2. Several foreigners made India their homeland and participated in various
movements. Analyze their role in the Indian struggle for freedom.
10
3. In many ways, Lord Dalhousie was the founder of modern India. Elaborate. 10
Post-Independence (50marks)
1. Critically discuss the objectives of Bhoodan and Gramdan movements
10
initiated by Acharya Vinoba Bhave and their success.
2. Write a critical note on the evolution and significance of the slogan “Jai
Jawana Jai Kisan”.
10
3. Discuss the contribution of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to pre-and post-
independent India.
(**actually 5 mark should be counted under freedom struggle portion)
10
4. Analyze the circumstances that led to Tashkent Agreement in 1966.
Discuss the highlights of the agreement.
10
5. Critically examine the compulsions which prompted India to play a
decisive roles in the emergence of Bangladesh.
10
Sociology block related (40marks)
10 marks=200 words
syllabus topic question marks
urbanization
1. Discussion the various social problems which
originated out of the speedy process of
urbanization in India.
10
Role of women
and women’s
organization
2. Male membership needs to be encouraged in order
to make women’s organization free from gender
bias. Comment.
10
Effects of
globalization on
Indian society
3. Critically examine the effects of globalization on
the aged population in India.
10
regionalism
4. Growing feeling of regionalism is an important
factor in the generation of demand for a separate
state. Discuss.
10
total 40
Geography (70 marks)
5 marks=100 words; 10 marks=200 words.
Physical (20m)
1. What do you understand by the theory of continental drift? Discuss the
prominent evidences in its support.
5
2. There is no formation of deltas by rivers of the Western Ghat. Why? 5
3. Major hot deserts in northern hemisphere are located between 20-30
degree north and on the western side of the continents. Why?
10
physical total 20
Resource distribution (20m)
1. With growing scarcity of fossil fuels, the atomic energy is gaining more
and more significance in India. Discuss the availability of raw material
required for the generation of atomic energy in India and in the world.
10
2. It is said the India has substantial reserves of shale oil and gas, which can
feed the needs of country for quarter century. However, tapping of the
resources doesn’t appear to be high on the agenda. Discuss critically the
availability and issues involved.
10
resource distribution total 20
Industrial location (10m)
1. Do you agree that there is a growing trend of opening new sugar mills in
the Southern states of India? Discuss with justification
5
2. Analyze the factors for highly decentralized cotton textile industry in India 5
Industrial total 10
Natural Phenomenon / Climate related (20m)
1. The recent cyclone on the east coast of India was called “Phailin”. How are
5
the tropical cyclones named across the world?
2. Bring out the causes for the formation of heat islands in the urban habitat
of the world.
5
3. What do you understand by the phenomenon of temperature inversion in
meteorology? How does it affect the weather and the habitants of the
place?
5
4. Bring out the causes for more frequent landslides in the Himalayas than in
Western Ghats
5
climate total 20
General Studies Paper1: Linear format
Q1. Though not very useful from the point of view of a connected political
history of South India , the Sangam literature portrays the social and economic
conditions of its time with remarkable vividness. Comment. 10 marks-200
words
Q2a. Discuss the Tandava dance as recorded in the early Indian inscriptions. 5
marks, 100 words.
Q2b. Chola architecture represents a high watermark in the evolution of temple
architecture. Discuss. 5 marks, 100 words.
Q3. Defying the barriers of age, gender and religion, the Indian women became
the torch bearer during the struggle for freedom in India. Discuss. 10 marks-200
words
Q4. Several foreigners made India their homeland and participated in various
movements. Analyze their role in the Indian struggle for freedom. 10 marks-200
words
Q5. In many ways, Lord Dalhousie was the founder of modern India. Elaborate.
10 marks-200 words
Q6. Critically discuss the objectives of Bhoodan and Gramdan movements
initiated by Acharya Vinoba Bhave and their success. 10 marks-200 words
Q7. Write a critical note on the evolution and significance of the slogan “Jai
Jawana Jai Kisan”. 10 marks-200 words
Q8. Discuss the contribution of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to pre-and post
independent India. 10 marks-200 words
Q9. Analyse the circumstances t hat led to Tashkent Agreement in 1966. Discuss
the highlights of the agreement. 10 marks-200 words
Q10. Critically examine the compulsions which prompted India to play a
decisive roles in the emergence of Bangladesh. 10 marks-200 words
Q11. “Latecomer” Industrial revolution in Japan involved certain factors that
were markedly different from what west had experience. 10 marks-200 words
Q12. Africa was chopped into states artificially created by accident of European
competition. Analyse. 10 marks-200 words
Q13. American Revolution was an economic revolt against mercantilism.
Substantiate. 10 marks-200 words
Q14. What policy instruments were deployed to contain the great economic
depression? 10 marks-200 words
Q15. Discussion the various social problems which originated out of the speedy
process of urbanization in India. 10 marks-200 words
Q16. Male membership needs to be encouraged in order to make women’s
organization free from gender bias. Comment. 10 marks-200 words
Q17. Critically examine the effects of globalization on the aged population in
India. 10 marks-200 words
Q18. Growing feeling of regionalism is an important factor in the generation of
demand for a separate state. Discuss. 10 marks-200 words
Q19(a). What do you understand by the theory of continental drift? Discuss the
prominent evidences in its support. 5 marks 100 words
Q19(b) The recent cyclone on the east coast of India was called “Phailin”. How
are the tropical cyclones named across the world? Elaborate. 5 marks-100
words.
Q20(a) Bring out the causes for the formation of heat islands in the urban habitat
of the world. 5 marks 100 words
Q20(b) What do you understand by the phenomenon of temperature inversion in
meteorology? How does it affect the weather and the habitants of the place? 5
marks 100 words
Q21. Major hot deserts in northern hemisphere are located between 20-30
degree north and on the western side of the continents. Why? 10 marks-200
words.
Q22(a) Bringout the causes for more frequent landslides in the Himalayas than
in Western Ghats. 5 marks 100 words
Q22(b) There is no formation of deltas by rivers of the Western Ghat. Why? 5
marks 100 words
Q23(a) Do you agree that there is a growing trend of opening new sugar mills in
the Southern states of India ? Discuss with justification. 5 marks 100 words
Q23(b) Analyse the factors for highly decentralized cotton textile industry in
India . 5 marks 100 words
Q24. With growing scarcity of fossil fuels, the atomic energy is gaining more
and more significance in India. Discuss the availability of raw material required
for the generation of atomic energy in India and in the world. 10 marks-200
words
Q25. It is said the India has substantial reserves of shale oil and gas, which can
feed the needs of country for quarter century. However, tapping of the resources
doesn’t appear to be high on the agenda. Discuss critically the availability and
issues involved. 10 marks-200 words
General studies Paper 1: Original Scan/Hindi Medium
Google docs (To view online)
(GS1): https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B0DPgaYAtDgmX0RiR2hyejluNmc/edit?
usp=sharing
(GS2): https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B0DPgaYAtDgmbHphMGg4VkZGb1k/edit?
usp=sharing
My server (to download the PDF scan)
(GS1) https://files.secureserver.net/0shnFYey5ULW37
(GS2) https://files.secureserver.net/0sW5WJGHQnPW5S
Courtesy: Mahitosh and Shivaram for sending their papers.
Bogus marketing propaganda after mains exam
Here are the three sacred rules of Bogus marketing propaganda, set by the temple of
dooms in Delhi:
1. Size doesn’t matter: If a person writes/teaches merely two marks worth content
and UPSC asks 20 marks worth question, then also he shall get ‘full credit’ that
question came from his source.
2. “Spray and pray” material counts: if a person simply assembles material by
verbatim copy paste of entire year’s Hindu newspapers, NCERT, economic
survey or xyz report and a random question comes, then also he shall get ‘full
credit’ for that question.
3. Paan-walla gossip also counts: If a person merely gossips or hints that xyz
topic should be prepared and it comes in Mains, then also he shall get ‘full
credit’ for that question.
‘Genuine’ claim
Has only one rule: Person must have served at least 100-200 words worth content that
was directly relevant to the UPSC question (Depending on 5 or 10 marks).
So let’s audit how Mrunal.org fared from both angles:
QUESTION
TOPIC
ANSWER SOURCE
BOGUS
MARKETING
GENUINE
CLAIM
Sangam
Literature
http://mrunal.org/2013/10/oldncert-
ancient-india-sources-of-history-
paleography-epigraphy-numismatics-
archeology.html#465 merely copy
pasted old NCERT chapter
10 0
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/land-
Bhoodan
Gramdan
reforms-bhodan-gramdan-jan-
satyagraha-2012-other-non-
governmental-movements-
achievements-obstacles-
limitations.html#99 sufficient points
to write 200 words
10 10
Tashkent
agreement
http://mrunal.org/2013/12/download-
november-writing-competition-zip-
file-of-all-good-entries.html Aditya’s
prize winning article in November
competition. Sufficient points to
handle this one.
10 10
Japan
Imperialism
http://mrunal.org/2013/06/world-
history-imperialism-colonization-
china-japan-asia-boxer-rebellion-open-
door-policy-sphere-of-
influence.html#257 Fodder points
available, though one has to link it with
other European powers.
10 7
Africa
scramble
http://mrunal.org/2013/07/world-
history-imperialism-colonization-
africa-scramble-for-colonies-paper-
partitions-slave-trade-boer-
war.html gave more than sufficient
points.
10 10
American
Revolution –
mercantilism
#1: Mercantilism:
http://mrunal.org/2013/06/world-
history-imperialism-and-colonialism-
meaning-factors-
responsible.html#196#2: American
revolution (old NCERT):
http://mrunal.org/2013/07/old-ncert-
world-history-ch8-american-
revolution-causes-boston-tea-party-
declaration-of-independence-part-1-
of-4.htmlSecond part was mere copy
paste from old NCERT chapter. Fodder
points available but one has to link
them two and frame the answer.
10 2
Great
Depression
http://mrunal.org/2013/07/old-ncert-
world-history-ch12-part-1-of-2-
between-two-world-wars-nazism-
fascism-the-great-
depression.html#depressionCopied old
NCERT chapter. Even there, not
10 0
enough fodder points for 200 words.
Globalization
vs Aged
population
http://mrunal.org/2013/10/result-
september-writing-competition-
revision-notes-for-everyone-
representation-of-peoples-act-internal-
security-infrastructure-and-
more.htmlEntries received in writing
competition. But even combined, not
200 words worth content for this
specific aged population.
10 4
landslides
more
frequent in
Himalayas
http://mrunal.org/2013/09/science-
tech-thehindu-june-july-aug-part-1-of-
3-agriculture-environment-
biodiversity-enb-economics-of-
animal-rearing-uttarakhand-tragedy-
runaway-greenhouse-bio-
refinary.html#1005lot of points in
Uttarakhand tragedy article under Sci-
tech. although did not deal specifically
with ‘physical geography’ angle of
western ghat vs Himalayas landslides.
5 2
Sugar Mills
South India
location
factor
http://mrunal.org/2013/07/geography-
location-factors-sugar-tea-coffee-
rubber-and-cocoa-for-upsc-general-
studies-mains-paper-1.html#145you’ve
to ‘make up’ an answer showing bad
factors of northern region. As such not
enough content was given for sugar
mills in South Indian states.
5 2
cotton
industry
http://mrunal.org/2013/07/geography-
location-factors-cotton-textile-wool-
silk-jute-why-china-1-in-silk-why-
textile-industry-in-osaka-manchester-
lancashire-mumbai.html#3Sufficient
points available.
5 5
Shale Oil,
India
1. basics:
http://mrunal.org/2012/07/enb-
shalegas.html
2. India specific (in Pradyumn
Gaurav’s entry):
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/result-
october-writing-competition-revision-
notes-for-everyone-border-security-
bilateral-relation-constitution-
10 10
comparision-culture-and-more.html
sufficient fodder points given
Cyclone
naming
http://mrunal.org/2013/12/download-
november-writing-competition-zip-
file-of-all-good-entries.html In his
Nov. entry, Arun Chettiyar did explain
how cyclones are named. But only 30-
40 words.
5 2
Maulana
Azad
In various article, I keep saying that if
anyone’s birth/death anniversary is in
the multiple of 5 or 10, then it is
automatically important for UPSC. And
2013 was Azad’s 125
th
Birth
Anniversary.
10 0
women
freedom
fight
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/sci-
techthehindu-sep-oct-novpart3of4-
computeritmobile-tech-gecko-street-
view-trekker-param-yuva-emf-
radiation.html#737In the recent
science tech compilation, had given
mock question: Write a brief note
about any five women freedom fighters
of India- except Rani Laxmibai, Annie
Besant, Meeraben, Kasturba and
Sarojini Naidu.
10 0
total total out of 250 marks 130 64
If you think I missed any question, especially for bogus marketing claim- do post
in comments!
Detailed analysis of the paper later on. And yes paper 2 coming soon.
URL to article: http://mrunal.org/2013/12/download-general-studies-paper1-of-
upsc-civil-service-mains-exam-2013-topicwise-separated-original-scan-
uploaded.html
Posted By Mrunal On 03/12/2013 @ 23:10 In the category questionpapers