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Poverty In Pakistan

G Gr ro ou up p M Me em mb be er rs s: :
Ali Shan Cheema
Hareem Ahmad
Rabail Sanaullah
Muhammad Wasim Zahid
Muhammad Omar Yaqub


Poverty
Poverty is the lack of basic human needs, such as clean water ,
nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter, because
of the inability to afford them.
Poverty in Pakistan is a growing concern, as it is a developing
country. Although the middle-class has grown in Pakistan to 35
million, nearly one-quarter of the population is classified poor as
of October 2006.
As of 2008, 17.2% of the total population lives below the poverty
line, which is the lowest figure in the history of Pakistan.


Causes Of Poverty
Unemployment
Overpopulation
Pakistan Politics
Corruption
Law and Order
Division Of Agricultural Lands
Lack Of Education
Large Scale Imports

Unemployment
The unemployment rate (10 years and over) in Pakistan
was last reported at 5.7 percent in the second quarter of
2011. From 1990 until 2009, Pakistan's Unemployment
Rate averaged 5.88 percent reaching an historical high of
8.27 percent in December of 2002 and a record low of
3.13 percent in December of 1990.


Overpopulation
The estimated Population of Pakistan in 2010 is
over 169,478,000,making it the world's sixth most-
populous country.


Pakistan Politics
Government is unable to manage the departments and country has
low reserve assets. So the meet the requirements some companies
run by government are sold to foreign investors


Corruption
It is the condition when there is not morality and every one is
trying to earn more and more by using fair and unfair means.
In this whole scenario some corrupt people has been occupying
the resources and common man is living in miserable
conditions, which brings more poverty in the state.


Law and Order
Various untoward incidents of bomb explosions at the public
places, firing of bullets on the innocent civilians by the
miscreants bear out that volatile law and order situation is
gravely affecting social, political, economic and religious fabric
of Pakistan.
No public place is secure, no religious institution is sacrosanct
and no spiritual or political congregation is safe.
Talented people are leaving the Land of the Pure for good
because their fate is in the doldrums due to uncertainty of jobs
and insecurity to their life and property.


Division Of Agricultural Land
Pakistan is an agricultural country. Most of people are
farmers by profession. One has land which fulfilling the
needs of his family but he has to divide the land into his
children when they got young.
After division the land is not sufficient to support a
family. Now the families of his children are suffering and
spending their lives below poverty line.


Lack Of Education
The literacy rate of Pakistan is very low. Most of people do not have
any concept about the modern earning sources. Most people are
unable to adopt technology for their business needs, thats why
business do not meet international standards and results as
decrease in revenue which lead the society to poor financial
conditions.



Large Scale Import
The import of Pakistan is greater than export. Big revenue is
consumed in importing good every year, even raw material has to
import for industry. If we decrease import and establish own supply
chains from our country natural resources the people will have
better opportunities to earn.


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Make Education Sector Well
Without education it is difficult to escape from poverty.
This becomes a vicious circle people who live in
poverty cannot afford to send their children to school.
Produce Artists, Engineers And Professional People
We have to work more on technical education to
produce qualified engineers and doctors to over-
-come the poverty.


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Division Of Money
The division of money should be equal.
Introducing Professional Institutions

Government should build new
professional institutions.




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Stability Of Government
Government is not well aware of present conditions of country.
The policies of government are base on the suggestions of
officials which do not have awareness about the problems of
a common man. So government should be stable.
Population Must Be Controlled

The estimated Population of Pakistan
in 2010 is over 169,478,000, making it
the world's sixth most-populous country.
Population rate should be controlled.



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Development of Agricultural and Industrial sector
Government should not waste national assets and utilize them to remove
the poverty And should invest more in Industrial Sector.

Unemployment
Government should take certain steps to decrease the rate of
unemployment by giving jobs to labor force


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Intellectual Poverty-Lack of access to knowledge or
Distorted Knowledge
Formal education is a luxury in the dump. Because each day
presents the challenge of mere survival, the
scavengers do not have the opportunity to care about much else.
Consequently, the majority has neither dreams nor plans of any
kind outside of finding the meal of the day.


Poverty of the WillLack of self-control

A world of chaos, without rules or standards, creates children of like
characteristics. Most of the people that live in the dump are born
and pass through a wild, unstructured life onto death without ever
knowing structure or rhythm and the peace these can bring.
Alcoholism and drug addiction do incalculably much to worsen the
already desperate situation. These people need to be given the
opportunity to make decisions that can change their lives and then
be guided in such a way that these changes can be realized.


Physical Poverty-Lack of health

Working in constant pollution and among infectious and sharp
objects, the scavengers are in a clear state of permanent sickness.
Health is a very urgent concern. The malnutrition, toxic waste,
pathogens, filth and other high risk aspects of scavenging cause
severe respiratory and dermatological illnesses, along with a myriad
of other health complications. The scavengers have almost no
access to medical care services. The public health system in
Guatemala is completely inefficient. Medical consultations, lab tests
and medication are totally out of the question for the scavengers.


Poverty of Civic InvolvementLack of community
concern

Even within a family network, a human being needs more social
support to survive in the hard living conditions of the dump. In
order for the much needed economical and social improvements to
take place, society partnership is needed.


Economic PovertyLack of resources

The daily income generated by scavenging on the dump is on
average less than $2 per day, just enough for one meal, and a far cry
from what is needed or access to basic human services. At this rate,
progress and growth are impossible and the scavengers never make
it out of the just living to make it through each day reality. Even if
they did make enough to save a little, access to economic resources
is basically a closed door for the scavengers because of lack of
records and references.


POLICY SELECTION
Various policies can be adopted by the government to eliminate or
decrease the level of poverty.
Fiscal policy
Monetary policy
Economic policy
Foreign policy
Budgets


Fiscal policy
Fiscal policy is concerned with the
government revenues and government
expenses in order to
remove fiscal disequilibrium.


Tool selection
Progressive taxes
Regressive taxes
Education
Employment
Health


Solution and Logic
Implementation of progressive taxes will
generate more revenue and the government
will have more to spend on the basic
necessities of its people.


Subsidy can be given to poor by discouraging
the regressive taxes as a result of which poor
will have more to spend on the basic
necessities.


Government should incur more expenses on
the provision of food, shelter, clothing and
on providing basic necessities to its people.


More employment opportunities need to be
created to remove the poverty due to
unemployment.


Free or subsidized health and educational services
need to be provided to the poor.
More emphasis on provision of education
to the children will decrease the level of poverty in
the long run.