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CH 12 Study Guide

1. Size of your heart equivalent to your fist.


2. Chronic disease An illness that is prolonged, does not resole spontaneously and is
rarely cured
3. Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) Disease fo the heart and blood vessels.
a. CVD number one cause of death globally (30% of all deaths)
4. Cardiovascular system Organ system consisting of the heart and blood vessels that
transports nutrients, oxygen, hormones, metabolic wastes, and enzymes throughout
the body
a. 70 year, hum heard beats 2.5 billion times
b. atria The hearts two upper chambers, which receive blood
c. ventricles The hearts two lower chambers which pump blood through the
blood vessels
5. CHD (Coronary Heart Disease) greatest killer of all CVD
6. Arrhythmia irregularity in heartbeat
7. carcinogens - cancer causing agents (foods, air, water and homes)
8. pathogens - disease causing micro orgasms
9. When an individual treated for cardiovascular diseases - aspirin can help prevent blood
cloth
10. Individual has cancer what is the process of cancer spreading through the
body? metastasis
11. Being cured of cancer means that an individual has no more cancer cell in the body,
unless relapses in behavior to bring back cancer
12. Oncogenes suspected cancer-causing genes
13. One of the most obvious behavior risk of cancer - is diet eating high fat diet
14. Young lady having sex at an early age potential cevical cancer.
15. Different form of cancer treatment
16. Chemotherapy use of drugs to kill cancerous cells
17. radiation Ionizing radiation (IR) radiation from X rays, radon, cosmic, rays, and
ultraviolet radiation.
18. Immunotherapy - Treatment strategies based on the concept of regulating the
immune system, as by administering antibodies or desensitization shots of allergens.
19. Tumors A neoplasmic mass that grows more rapidly than surrounding tissue.
20. inlgement (cancerous)
21. benign - (non-cancerous) Tumor; Harmless
22. age of 30, early menopause - breast cancer
23. testicular cancer, myeloma, prostate, colin
24. carcinogens reducing prevention - bleach free paper products, choosing organic foods
25. the cancer is treated with therapy and not chemo - cancer is localized
26. symptoms of chemotherapy affects the production of new blood cells in the bone
marrow, the spngy, inner mass of the bone. Low blood counts are among side affects
of chemo
27. bubonic plague zoonotic disease; three types of bacterial infections; infection of the
lymph glands, which become swollen and painful.
28. decrease your risk of an affections disease, factor you can control
29. not enough sleep, alcohol consumption, reduce fight off disease
30. antigen - substance triggers immune response.
31. yellow and red dyes triggers antigen within your immune systems
32. lymphocytes a type of white blood cell involved in the immune response
33. antibodies medicines used to kill microorganisms, such as bacteria.
34. lyme disease a bacterial disease transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected
tick
35. what is a staphylococcal infection - acne;
36. influenza flu; common viral disease of the respiratory tract.
37. antibodies for late flu
38. pneumonia - water in lungs; disease of the lungs characterized by chronic cough,
chest pain, chills, high fever, and fluid accumulation; may be caused by bacteria,
viruses, chemicals, or other substances.
39. Emphysema - lung disease that affects your breathing
40. Viruses - Microbes consisting of DNA or RNA that invade a host cell and use the cell's
resources to reproduce themselves.
41. Pathogens a disease-causing agent.
42. drug treatment is limit on viruses
43. inoculation period -
44. the best description of getting the chills or getting a cold - chill can increase risk for
getting a cold
45. hepatitis B - infection world wide is declining, but still a major problem
46. fungi A group of multicellular and unicellular organisms that obtain their food by
infiltrating the bodies of other organisms, both living and dead; several microscopic
varieties are pathogenic.
47. malaria -
48. STEI
49. protozoa - Protozoa are a diverse group of unicellular eukaryotic organisms, many of
which are motile. Historically, protozoa were defined as unicellular protists with
animal-like behaviour, such as movemen
50. SARS -
51. eating undercook food can lead to -
52. hypertension -
53. A damage SN -
54. Systalic and Disalic blood pressure what is it?
55. This is cholesterol profiles that will not CBD
56. cholesterol 170 and ACL 70
57. This characteristic consistent with diagnosis metabolic adult women syndrome
58. Average blood pressure should be around 155/90.
59. average heart rate 70-80 per min. Lower of 60 indication of a fit person.
60. triglycerides -
61. True statement in regards astrocarosis -
62. myocardial infarction - heart attack
63. Ischemia -
64. butter -
65. PAD - peripheral artery disease
66. heredity -
67. amino acids
68. bacon
69. anstro plasty
70. electro cardian
71. UCT -
72. caribro
73. Cancer is a group of diseases characterized by - uncontrolled growth and spread of
abnormal cells.
74. A tumor that is benign is non-cancerous
75. Which vessels carry blood away from the heart? - Arteries
76. The two lower chambers of the heart are called Ventricles
77. A tumor that is malignant is cancerous
78. Carbon dioxide and waste products are transported to the lungs and kidneys through
the - Veins
79. The blood vessels that permit the exchange of oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, and
waste products with body cells are the - capillaries
80. An abnormally high lipid level results in the buildup of - plaque
81. Josie recently had a biopsy after finding out that she has breast cancer. The biopsy
indicates that the cancer is now in her lymph nodes. The process of malignant cells
moving through the body is called - metastasis
82. The term for genes known to be cancer causing is - oncogenes
83. Cervical cancer has been linked to which virus that causes genital warts? Human
Papilloma Virus
84. Hodgkin's disease is a type of cancer classified as a - lymphoma
85. The type of cancer that is characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of
white blood cells is - leukema
86. A rapid heart rate in the absence of exercise or anxiety is referred to as - tachycardia
87. A type of cancer that continues to be the leading cancer killer in both men and women
is lung cancer
88. Metabolic syndrome is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT reduced blood
pressure
89. An abnormally slow heart rate is referred to as - bradycardia
90. A heart that beats in a quivering, sporadic manner is said to be experiencing -
fibrillation
91. The most common type of cancer for males in the United States today is prostate
cancer
92. The common name for a cerebrovascular accident is - stroke
93. Which of the following is the term for a series of several mild strokes? Transient
Ischemic Attacks
94. Obesity, together with a family history of polyps and colitis, increases the risk of
colon cancer
95. The most deadly form of skin cancer is - malignant melanoma
96. The recommended screening for cervical cancer is a(n) Pap