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WHITE PAPER

Education

The Positive Impact of eLearning
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Effective eLearning comes from using information and communication technologies (ICT) SKILLS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY
to broaden educational opportunity and help students develop the skills they—and Tomorrow’s citizens and work-
",&%2(*9#)"2%&';)&&$("9(",2%<&(%)(",&(=>'"(*&)"#2?:(@,%1&(*9)*1#'%<&6(19)3%"#$%)+1('"#$%&'( ers deserve an education that
2&8+%)("9(4&($9)&6(+)(&8&23%)3(49$?(97(&<%$&)*&('#33&'"'(",+"(&A&+2)%)3(*+)($&1%<&2( prepares them—and their nation’s
substantial positive effects: economy—to thrive in a world
of rapid change and widespread
B((Students(+2&(892&(&)3+3&$(+)$(+41&("9($&<&19C(=>'"(*&)"#2?('D%11':
globalization. The International
B((Teachers have a more positive attitude toward their work and are able to provide Society for Technology in Educa-
892&(C&2'9)+1%E&$(1&+2)%)3: "%9)(I-!/FJ(,+'(%$&)"%5&$(+(2+)3&(97(
B((Family interaction(+)$(C+2&)"+1(%)<91<&8&)"(8+?(%)*2&+'&:( skills that will help students work
B((Communities(4&)&5"(7298(42%$3%)3(",&($%3%"+1($%<%$&:(F*9)98%*+11?($%'+$<+)"+3&$( +)$(1%<&(%)(",&(=>'"(*&)"#2?:(/,&'&(
'"#$&)"'(+)$(*,%1$2&)(G%",($%'+4%1%"%&'(4&)&5"(C+2"%*#1+21?: skills include the ability to conduct
%)$&C&)$&)"(2&'&+2*,6(",%)D(*2%"%*+11?(
B((Economic progress can result from direct job creation in the technology industry +)$('91<&(C2941&8'6(#'&("&*,)9193?(
+'(G&11(+'(7298($&<&19C%)3(+(4&""&2(&$#*+"&$(G92D792*&:( "9(*988#)%*+"&(+)$(*911+492+"&6(+)$(
/,%'(C+C&2('#88+2%E&'('98&(D&?(2&'&+2*,(7%)$%)3'6("9(,&1C(&$#*+"%9)+1(1&+$&2'(%$&)"%7?( understand societal issues related
2&1&<+)"(&A&+2)%)3(4&)&5"'(+)$(8+D&(H#$%*%9#'($&*%'%9)'(+'(",&?($&<&19C(",&%2(&A&+2)%)3( "9($%3%"+1(*%"%E&)',%C:1
'"2+"&3%&':(/9(7#2",&2(+%$(%)(C1+))%)36(G&(',+2&(5)$%)3'(2&1+"%)3("9(",&(*,+11&)3&'(97(
&A&+2)%)3(%8C1&8&)"+"%9)6(+)$(C29<%$&(+(4%41%932+C,?(792(+$$%"%9)+1(2&+$%)3:

Waxman’s meta-analysis of 42 peer-reviewed papers showed a
positive impact on student performance, and concluded that “overall
effects of technology on student outcomes may be greater than
previously thought.”
The Positive Impact of eLearning

Table of Contents eLearning Overview !""*0%//(,,."$2$%(343-"brings PCs into
Each year more of the world’s people ",&(*1+''29986("?C%*+11?(<%+('?'"&8'(
eLearning Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
4&*98&(*9))&*"&$("9(",&()&"G92D6(%"'( stationed at the back of the classroom
Research Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 4+)$G%$",(%)*2&+'&'6(+)$(%"'(#'&(4&*98&'( 92(*98C#"&2'(9)(G,&&1'(I.Q@'J(",+"(+2&(
Student Learning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 892&(%)"&32+"&$(%)"9(+11(",+"(G&($9:(( ',+2&$(4?($%77&2&)"(*1+''2998':(!"#$&)"'(
.9))&*"%<%"?("9(",%'()&"G92D6(+)$(",&( have a dedicated device for part of the
( F)3+3&8&)"6(U9"%<+"%9)6 '*,991($+?6(G%",(",&(79*#'(9)(#'%)3(
+4%1%"?("9(8+'"&2(%"(9)*&(9)6(,+'(4&*98&(+)(
( +)$(P""&)$+)*&((: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :3 PCs to enhance learning across the
&''&)"%+1(C+2"(97(1%7&(%)(",&(=>'"(*&)"#2?6(
Performance (: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :4 +)$(+(D&?("9(9CC92"#)%"?6('#**&''6(+)$( curriculum and not simply to develop
7#15118&)"(792(",&(C&9C1&(97(",&(G921$:(( "&*,)9193?('D%11':(
Teaching and
Administrative Outcomes . . . . . . . . . 4 The technology that has so dramatically !""5 3$67,6,3$"89:9;"$2$%(343-"provides
changed the world outside our schools is each teacher and student with a dedi-
Student-Centered
now changing the learning and teaching *+"&$(1+C"9C(792(#'&(+"('*,991(+)$6(%)(
Teaching and Preparation (: : : : : : : : : :4
&)<%29)8&)"(G%",%)(",&8:(!98&(97(",&( 8+)?(*+'&'6(+"(,98&:(A+C"9C'('&2<&(+'(
( P""%"#$&'(+)$(N29$#*"%<%"?(: : : : : : : : :5 common ways of integrating technology personal learning and teaching tools that
((((U+)+3&8&)"(+)$(P$8%)%'"2+"%9)(: : :6 into education include: are used throughout the day for many
!""#$%&'$(")*"+(,-(%./"provide teachers &$#*+"%9)+1("+'D'(+)$('#4H&*"':(-)(+(>R>(
Dual Investment Strategy
with ubiquitous access to tools such as &)<%29)8&)"6('"#$&)"'(3&"(",&(8+M%8#8(
for Optimal eLearning . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
"+41&"'6(%)"&2+*"%<&(G,%"&49+2$'6(+)$( 1&+2)%)3(9CC92"#)%"?(7298(+**&''("9(N.'6(
Family and Home Effects . . . . . . . . . 8 -)"&2)&"(*9))&*"%<%"?6(+)$(",&%2(%)"&32+-
$9*#8&)"(*+8&2+':(P(*2%"%*+1(*98C9)&)"(
Social and Community Effects . . . . . 8 of teacher focused programs is the pro- "%9)(%)"9(",&(&$#*+"%9)(&)<%29)8&)":

Economic Development . . . . . . . . . . . 9 vision of professional development that
supports teachers as they shift their Research Overview
Looking Forward . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 pedagogical repertoires to take advantage P(<+2%&"?(97('"#$%&'(,+<&(&<+1#+"&$(",&(
Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 of the wide range of rich digital resources impact of eLearning and concluded that—
",&?(*+)(42%)3("9(",&%2(*1+''2998': supported by holistic approaches that
%)*1#$&(+CC29C2%+"&(C91%*%&'6(%)72+'"2#*-
!"")*"0%1/"are frequently used to offer
"#2&6(C297&''%9)+1($&<&19C8&)"6(+)$(
technology access when resources are
curricula—eLearning can help produce
'&<&2&1?(*9)'"2+%)&$:(@,%1&(N.(1+4'(C29-
C9'%"%<&(9#"*98&':(S9G&<&26($&'C%"&(
<%$&('98&(&MC9'#2&("9("&*,)9193?6(",&?(
+(1+23&(49$?(97(2&'&+2*,(&<%$&)*&6(",&2&(
limit teachers’ ability to incorporate tech-
+2&()9(19)3%"#$%)+16(2+)$98%E&$("2%+1'(
)9193?(%)"9(",&(*#22%*#1#86(+)$(97"&)(+2&(
conclusively linking eLearning with
#'&$(9)1?("9("&+*,(*98C#"&2(1%"&2+*?:
C9'%"%<&(1&+2)&2(9#"*98&':(T&+'9)'(8+?(

PC
Education Technology Adoption
Labs Model
Target
Faster Wider Area

One-to-One
More than 80 percent of teachers
surveyed said that students were
Advanced
(Prepared)
Technology

more engaged and more actively
Connectivity

Developing
involved in their learning and Technology

produced higher quality work. Early
(Starting)
Technology

School station > 20:1 Labs 10:1 In classroom 5:1 Personal 1:1

Student to Computer Ratio

Figure 1. Movement toward the aspirational model of 1:1. K92(8+)?('*,991('?'"&8'6(",&(89$&1(97(
#4%L#%"9#'(*98C#"%)3(%'(+)(&<91#"%9)(9<&2("%8&:(/,&(M0+M%'(2&C2&'&)"'(",&('"#$&)"("9(N.(2+"%9)(%)(",&(
'*,991('?'"&8O($&*2&+'%)3(7298(1&7"("9(2%3,":(/,&(?0+M%'(2&C2&'&)"'(",&()&&$(792(%)*2&+'&$(4+)$G%$",(
+'(892&('"#$&)"($&<%*&'(&)"&2(",&('*,991('?'"&8O(%)*2&+'%)3(49""98("9("9C:(P"(",&(#CC&2(2%3,"(*92)&26(
9<&2+11(+**&''("9(-./(%'(9C"%8%E&$:(/,&()&"(%8C+*"(%'(",+"(2%*,&2(&$#*+"%9)+1(*98C#"%)3(&MC&2%&)*&'(*+)(
2 be delivered; enabling a significant shift in how students learn—a profound opportunity to shift the
C+2+$%38(7298(+)(%)'"2#*"92(*&)"2%*("9(+('"#$&)"(*&)"2%*(89$&1:
The Positive Impact of eLearning

Shifting the Learning Paradigm
Student Instructor

Other
Class Schools and
Organizations

Company
Instructor Learning
Student
Student Student Library
Centric Communities Centric

Portal Experts

Student Internet

Figure 2. >R>(*98C#"%)3(%'(+(C+2+$%38(',%7"(7298(+)(%)'"2#*"920*&)"2%*(1&+2)%)3(&MC&2%&)*&(I1&*"#2&0$2%<&)6(D)9G1&$3&(+*L#%'%"%9)J("9(9)&(G,%*,(%'('"#$&)"0
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range from economics to ethics—if you Engagement, Motivation, As schools migrate from traditional
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The Positive Impact of eLearning

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the educational experience and used technology would be at the 66th classroom management software and
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information and ability to write—both
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scores were higher on average
ing environment gave students the
for students in the 1:1 environ-
opportunity to conduct Internet research
ment compared to those using
and evaluate the quality of information
.Q@':(IT9''(&"(+16(Z!PJ
79#)$:(IF'*92E+(+)$(T9$2%3#&E6(U&M%*9J

4
The Positive Impact of eLearning

B((@%",(",%'(7&&$4+*D6("&+*,&2'(*+)(C29<%$&( Attitudes and Productivity B((-)(&<+1#+"%)3(",&(i9"&499D'(792(/&+*,&2'(
C&2'9)+1%E&$(1&+2)%)3(9CC92"#)%"%&'6( !""Personal PC access has been shown and Principals Program implemented by
using remediation and enrichment to "9(%)*2&+'&("&+*,&2(C29$#*"%<%"?:(Zc( ",&(f%*"92%+(Y&C+2"8&)"(97(F$#*+"%9)(
deliver more differentiated instruction +3&)*?(h&*"+(*%"&'(+(=\\]('"#$?(4?( +)$(/2+%)%)36(2&'&+2*,&2'(79#)$(",+"(
",+"(4&""&2(8&&"'(&+*,(*,%1$X'()&&$':( PricewaterhouseCoopers indicating that teachers felt more valued as professionals
I@+2'*,+#&2(&"(+16(Z!PJ teachers creating a lesson plan from +'(+(2&'#1"(97(,+<%)3(",&%2(9G)(1+C"9C':(
scratch using digital resources saved They also felt that parents viewed them
B((-)(U+%)&X'('"+"&0G%$&(&A&+2)%)3($&C19?-
an average of 26 minutes compared to 892&(2&'C&*"7#11?6(+)$(",+"(",&?(G&2&(
8&)"6("&+*,&2'(G%",(C&2'9)+1(N.(+**&''(
",9'&(G,9($%$()9":(Ih&*"+(=\\g6(ZcJ( recognized as important by the govern-
said that technology helped them locate
@,&)([\\("&+*,&2'(G&2&('#2<&?&$( 8&)":(!98&(g\(C&2*&)"(97("&+*,&2'(
and develop better instructional materials
on how they used time saved on lesson said the program had increased their
and conduct research related to their
C1+))%)3(+)$(9",&2("+'D'6(_>(C&2*&)"( professional competence in areas such
"&+*,%)3(+''%3)8&)"':(/&+*,&2'(3+%)&$(
said they performed additional prepara- as teaching practices and assessing and
access to better quality curricula and
"%9)6(C1+))%)3(+)$(9",&2(*92&("+'D'6(G,%1&( 2&C92"%)3('"#$&)"(1&+2)%)3:(Ib9#3,(&"(
1&+2)%)3(8+"&2%+1'6(&'C&*%+11?(G,&)(
[g(C&2*&)"(C&27928&$()&G("+'D'(92( +16(P#'"2+1%+J
schools created eLearning portals where
teachers could share resources they C&27928&$(&M%'"%)3("+'D'("9(+(,%3,&2(
'"+)$+2$:(IN2%*&G+"&2,9#'&.99C&2'6(ZcJ
79#)$(92($&<&19C&$:(I!%1<&2)+%16(Z!PJ In Maine’s state-wide eLearning
B((P(2&<%&G(97(>g(2&*&)"(F#29C&+)('"#$%&'(
B((-)(+(/#2D%',('"#$?(97(C2%8+2?('*,991( deployment, teachers with personal
"&+*,&2'(+)$('"#$&)"'6(^g(C&2*&)"( reported that teachers’ roles can be
of teachers surveyed said eLearning more rewarding in an effective eLearning PC access said that technology
&)<%29)8&)":(/&+*,&2'(G,9(C&2*&%<&(
improved their ability to conduct project- helped them locate and develop
4+'&$(1&+2)%)3:(/,&?(+1'9('"+"&$(",+"( a highly positive impact from ICT tend
eLearning supported the shift from "9(#'&("&*,)9193?(%)(C29H&*"092%&)"&$6( better instructional materials and
*911+492+"%<&6(+)$(&MC&2%8&)"+1(G+?':(
teacher-centered to student-centered conduct research related to their
"&+*,%)36(+)$(&)+41&$(",&8("9(+*"(+'(7+*%1%- /&+*,&2'(7#)*"%9)(+'(+$<%'92'6($%+193#&(
"+"92'(892&(",+)(1&*"#2&2':(IP?$%)6(/#2D&?J partners and facilitators for specific sub- teaching assignments.
H&*"($98+%)':(Ih+1+)'D+"(&"(+16(F#29C&J

5
The Positive Impact of eLearning

Management and Administration
!""Students and teachers are not the only
C&9C1&(G,9(4&)&7%"(7298(&A&+2)%)3:(
@,&)(+(2#2+1(N&))'?1<+)%+('*,991($%'"2%*"(
equipped all students in grades 3-12
G%",(+(1+C"9C(+)$(,98&(-)"&2)&"(+**&''6(
principals said they could provide more
effective instructional leadership because
they had better visibility into students’
C2932&''(+)$(G92D(C29$#*"':(N2%)*%C+1'(
said the enhanced connectivity also
improved their capacity to communicate
G%",(C+2&)"'6(7+*#1"?6(+)$($%'"2%*"(1&+$-
&2'6(+)$(&)+41&$(",&8("9(C&27928(",&%2(
2&'C9)'%4%1%"%&'(892&(&77%*%&)"1?:(Ic&22(
&"(+16(Z!PJ

B((/,&2&(%'(329G%)3(&<%$&)*&(",+"(&A&+2)%)3(
'#CC92"'('*,991(%8C29<&8&)"(&7792"':(
P(2&*&)"('"#$?('#2<&?&$(",&(,&+$("&+*,&2'(
of 181 British schools that had improved
enough to be removed from a “Special
U&+'#2&'(+)$(i9"%*&("9(-8C29<&a(1%'"6(+)$(
found that 82 percent of head teachers
indicated technology had played a key role
%)(",&%2('*,991X'(+*,%&<&8&)":(F77&*"%<&(
approaches ranged from adopting systems
for monitoring and analyzing student
C2932&''6("9(#'%)3("&*,)9193?("9(&)3+3&(
#)$&2+*,%&<%)3('"#$&)"':(IS911%)3'G92",6(
*%"&$(%)(h&*"+(=\\^6(ZcJ
P(1&''(C9'%"%<&(+'C&*"(97(&A&+2)%)3(&)<%-
29)8&)"'(%'(",+"(",&?(*+)(&MC+)$("&+*,&2(
G92D19+$'(4?(%)*2&+'%)3(*1&2%*+1(&MC&*"+-
tions or creating a need to adapt curriculum
8+"&2%+1':(/9(+(*&2"+%)(&M"&)"6(",%'(*+)(4&(
+$$2&''&$(G%",(C297&''%9)+1($&<&19C8&)"6(
'#CC92"%<&(1&+$&2',%C6(+)$(%8C29<&$(C91%*%&':(

Students and teachers are not the only people who benefit from eLearning.
When a rural Pennsylvania school district equipped all students in grades
3-12 with a laptop and home Internet access, principals said they could
provide more effective instructional leadership because they had better
visibility into students’ progress and work products.

6
The Positive Impact of eLearning

Dual Investment Strategy and curriculum resources help teachers 1+4(+**&''(9)1?(G+'(g>:g(C&2*&)"6(
for Optimal eLearning actually use technology to transform %)*2&+'%)3("9(^g:=(C&2*&)"(G,&)(
Research indicates that eLearning "&+*,%)3(+)$(1&+2)%)36(+)$(+$&L#+"&( teachers had one PC in their class-
is most effective in a 1:1 eLearning technology access enables teachers to 2998'(+)$(2&+*,%)3(d[:^(C&2*&)"(
environment where: apply what they learn in professional when teachers had access to two
$&<&19C8&)"(+*"%<%"%&': "9('%M(*1+''2998(*98C#"&2':(
B((/&*,)9193?("991'(+)$(*9))&*"%<%"?(+2&( IU+2"%)6(&"(+16(b194+1J(
deeply integrated into the classroom T&'&+2*,('#CC92"'(",&'&(*9)*1#'%9)':(
+)$(#'&$(+*29''(",&(*#22%*#1#8:( The Organization for Economic Co-operation P('&*9)$(3194+1('#2<&?(,%3,1%3,"'(
+)$(Y&<&19C8&)"(IQF.YJ('"+"&'(",+"("9(2&+C( the importance of effective teacher
B((/&+*,&2'(+2&('D%11&$(+)$(*98792"+41&( &$#*+"%9)+1(4&)&7%"'(7298(-./6(*9#)"2%&'(+)$( C297&''%9)+1($&<&19C8&)"(+)$('#CC92":(
using digital resources to enhance educational systems must reach a threshold It found that teachers who are most
"&+*,%)3(+)$(1&+2)%)3: of investments in ICT and in the skills and likely to use technology effectively to
/9(+*,%&<&(",%'(%)"&32+"%9)(+)$('D%116( &$#*+"%9)+1(923+)%E+"%9)("9(#'&(",&8:( improve education are those who have
governments and educators must IQF.Y6(b194+1J( completed professional development
invest in professional development C2932+8'6(G92D(%)(+('*,991(G%",(+8C1&(
h+*D%)3(",%'(#C6(+('#2<&?(97(>>(%)"&2)+-
and curriculum resources as well as in '#CC92"6(+)$(,+<&("&*,)9193?(%)(",&(
tional eLearning deployments found that
N.'(+)$()&"G92D':(/,&'&("G9(+2&+'(97( *1+''2998(2+",&2(",+)(%)(+(N.(1+4:(
teachers are more likely to integrate tech-
investment reinforce each other and IA%3,"(+)$(U+2"%)6(b194+1J
nology into their pedagogy when they have
increase the return on either type of "&*,)9193?(%)(",&(*1+''2998:(/,&(+<&2+3&(
investment: professional development implementation rate for teachers who had

g
The Positive Impact of eLearning

Family and Home Effects B((T&'#1"'(+2&(8%M&$(G,&)(%"(*98&'("9( '*,9916(%88%32+)"(+)$(2&7#3&&('"#$&)"'(
Parental involvement and other home eLearning’s impact on parental involve- used laptops in community projects
&77&*"'(+2&(97"&)('&*9)$+2?6(%7()9"(C&2%C,- 8&)":(-)(U%*,%3+)X'('"+"&G%$&(K2&&$98( that required independent reading and
&2+16("9(",&(39+1'(97(&A&+2)%)3($&C19?8&)":( "9(A&+2)(-)%"%+"%<&6(jj(C&2*&)"(97("&+*,&2'( 2&'&+2*,:(P"(49",('*,991'6('"#$&)"'(
i&<&2",&1&''6(&A&+2)%)3($9&'('&&8("9( said parents were more involved with achieved reading test scores that were
C29$#*&('98&(C9'%"%<&(&77&*"'(%)(",&(,98&: ",&%2(*,%1$2&)X'('*,991%)3:(Q<&2(d\(C&2*&)"( ,%3,&2(",+)(",&%2('"+"&(+<&2+3&'6(+)$(
97(C+2&)"'(+2&(&M*%"&$(+49#"(",&(C2932+86( the middle school students’ writing
B((F<%$&)*&('#33&'"'(+(2&1+"%9)',%C(4&- G,%*,(C29<%$&$(9<&2(=\6\\\(1+C"9C'("9( '*92&'(G&2&(+49<&(+<&2+3&(+'(G&11:(
tween frequency of home PC use and '"#$&)"'(%)(>d]('*,991'6(+)$(^\(C&2*&)"( I@+2'*,+#&26(Z!PJ
+*+$&8%*(+*,%&<&8&)":(T&<%&G%)3($+"+( believe it will make their children better
7298(",&(>ddj(i+"%9)+1(P''&''8&)"( B((-)('"#$%&'(97('"#$&)"'(G%",($%'+4%1%"%&'6(
'"#$&)"':(IA9G",&26(Z!PJ(Q)(",&(9",&2(
of Educational Progress in mathemat- researchers have observed improved
,+)$6('98&('"#$%&'('&&(+()&#"2+1(%8C+*"(
%*'6(9)&('"#$?(2&C92"&$(",+"('"#$&)"'( '"#$&)"('&170&'"&&86(%)*2&+'&$(89"%<+-
9)(C+2&)"+1(%)<91<&8&)":(IN&)#&16(Z!PJ
using home computers more often had "%9)(+)$(+4%1%"?("9(G92D(%)$&C&)$&)"1?6(
higher levels of achievement in math- and other academic achievements such
Social and Community Effects
&8+"%*':(I@&)31%)'D?6(Z!PJ(/,%'('&&8'( as improved quality and quantity of
h?(%''#%)3(+(1+C"9C("9(&+*,('"#$&)"6('*,991'( '"#$&)"(G2%"%)3:(IS+22%'6(Z!PJ
"9(&*,9(7%)$%)3'(7298(C2&<%9#'('"#$%&'6(
aim to meet the educational needs of
describing incremental impacts when
students who ordinarily could not afford
"&*,)9193?(%'(892&(894%1&6(C&2'9)+1%E&$6(
and integrated throughout the day and
a PC and thereby improve the performance Economically disadvantaged
97(+11('"#$&)"':(T&'&+2*,(',9G'(",+"(",%'(
+*29''(",&(*#22%*#1#8:
'"2+"&3?(%'(G92D%)3: students reached proficiency levels
B((P)9",&2(%8C+*"()9"&$(4?(2&'&+2*,&2'(
B((P"02%'D(+)$(19G0+*,%&<%)3('"#$&)"'6(+)$( matching the skills of advantaged
%'(%)*2&+'&$(7+8%1?(%)"&2+*"%9):(U+)?(
school systems establish an eLearning
students whose parents do not have a control students.
4+*,&192X'($&32&&6(&MC&2%&)*&(32&+"&2(
portal that parents can access to track
positive impact than other groups when P()#84&2(97('"#$%&'('#33&'"(",+"6(7298(
homework assignments and communi-
>R>(&A&+2)%)3(%'($&C19?&$:(K92(&M+8C1&6( +(19)30"&28(C&2'C&*"%<&6(+(G%$&(+22+?(97(
*+"&(G%",("&+*,&2'(+)$('"+776(C29<%$%)3(
",&(/&M+'(/&*,)9193?(-88&2'%9)(N%19"( social and community benefits are associ-
opportunities for increased awareness
showed that economically disadvantaged +"&$(G%",(%8C29<&$(&$#*+"%9):(/,&'&(
and discussion of homework assign-
students reached proficiency levels 4&)&7%"'(%)*1#$&(2&$#*&$(*2%8%)+1(+*"%<%"?6(
8&)"'6('"#$&)"(C2932&''6(+)$('9(792",:(
matching the skills of advantaged control reduced reliance on welfare and other
-)(+$$%"%9)6(G,&)('"#$&)"'(42%)3(",&%2(
'"#$&)"':(I/&M+'(.&)"&2(792(F$#*+"%9)+1( '9*%+1(C2932+8'6(%)*2&+'&$(*,+2%"+41&(3%<%)3(
1+C"9C'(,98&6(",&?(+2&(72&&("9('"#$?(%)(
T&'&+2*,6(Z!PJ and volunteer activity—even attainment
the kitchen with family rather than in a
892&(%'91+"&$(2998:(/,%'(3%<&'(C+2&)"'( B((P(L#+1%"+"%<&('"#$?(79*#'&$(9)("G9(Z!( of desired family size and improved health
greater visibility of schoolwork and schools with high percentages of immi- 792(",&(%)$%<%$#+1(+)$(,%'(92(,&2(7+8%1?:(
9C&)'()&G(+<&)#&'(792($%'*#''%9):( 32+)"(+)$V92(%8C9<&2%',&$('"#$&)"':( IT%$$&116(b194+1J(c)9G%)3(",&(8+)?(G+?'(
IU%"*,&11(-)'"%"#"&6(Z!PJ( It analyzed the use of 1:1 eLearning to help %)(G,%*,(&A&+2)%)3(*+)(%8C29<&(&$#*+"%9)6(
English language learners develop aca- it’s intriguing to consider that eLearning
$&8%*(1%"&2+*?:(P"(+)(&1&8&)"+2?('*,9916( 8+?(%)$%2&*"1?(&),+)*&(",&'&(+2&+'(+'(G&11:(
Latino fourth-grade students used laptops
792(C2&0(+)$(C9'"02&+$%)3:(P"(+(8%$$1&(

8
The Positive Impact of eLearning

Economic Development ",&()&+2("&28:(P**92$%)3("9(+)+1?'%'(4?(
!9(7+26(G&X<&($%'*#''&$(2&'&+2*,(',9G%)3( f%"+1(@+<&(.9)'#1"%)36(N29H&*"(U+3&11+)(
how eLearning improves educational G%11(3&)&2+"&(+("9"+1(97(>6[g\(H94'(
+*,%&<&8&)":(i9G(G&("#2)("9('"#$%&'( and produce a total economic impact of
",+"(&M+8%)&(,9G(%8C29<&$(+*,%&<&8&)"( FZT(=:=j(IZ!Y(_:>_>J(4%11%9)(I/+41&(>J:(
*+)(+77&*"(+()+"%9)X'(&*9)98%*(C29'C&*"':( I.9CC9*D6(N92"#3+1J
K92(8+)?(*9#)"2%&'6(&*9)98%*($&<&19C0
Indirect Impact: Economic Benefits
ment is the driving reason behind
of a Better-Educated Workforce The World Bank report also
&A&+2)%)3(%)<&'"8&)"':
P1",9#3,()9(2&'&+2*,(*1&+21?(+$$2&''&'( references US research suggesting
T&*&)"(&M+8C1&'(%)$%*+"&(",+"(&A&+2)%)3( the indirect impact of eLearning on the
investments can improve economic dev- &*9)98?6(%"(*&2"+%)1?('&&8'(2&+'9)+41&( that an increase of one standard
elopment in two ways: by direct job "9(",%)D(",+"6(4?(%)*2&+'%)3(&$#*+"%9)+1( deviation in math performance
creation as governments procure the +*,%&<&8&)"6(&A&+2)%)3(8+?(4&(+41&("9(
N.'6()&"G92D'6('97"G+2&6(+)$('&2<%*&'( #1"%8+"&1?(&),+)*&(&*9)98%*(+""+%)8&)":( at the end of high school translates
to support the eLearning deployment;
International comparisons show that to 12 percent higher annual earnings.
+)$(%)$%2&*"1?6(4?($&<&19C%)3(+(4&""&2(
education plays a pivotal role in fostering
&$#*+"&$(G92D792*&:(
1+492(C29$#*"%<%"?(+)$(&*9)98%*(329G",:(
Direct Economic Impact: Portugal K92(&M+8C1&6(S+2<+2$(&*9)98%'"(T94&2"(
-)(k#1?(=\\^6(N92"#3#&'&(N2%8&(U%)%'"&2 Barro’s analysis of education and economic
k9'&(!9*2+"&'(+))9#)*&$(N29H&*"(U+3&11+)6( growth concludes that an increase of one
+)(%)<&'"8&)"(4?(",&(b9<&2)8&)"(97( standard deviation in test scores would
Portugal to provide locally-built classmate raise the growth rate of real per capita
N.'("9(+11(N92"#3#&'&('"#$&)"'(+3&$(j0>\:( bYN(4?(>(C&2*&)"(C&2(?&+2:(Ih+2296(b194+1J
Classmate PCs would be supplied by local P(@921$(h+)D('"#$?(7#2",&2(#)$&2'*92&'(
"&*,)9193?(*98C+)?(kN(!l(.9#"96(A%)#Mm( these findings: it reports that raising
'97"G+2&(C29<%$&2(.+%M+(U+3%*+6(+)$( "&'"('*92&'(9)(",&(QF.Y(N2932+8(792(
9",&2(19*+1(-./(*98C+)%&':(kN(!l(.9#"9( -)"&2)+"%9)+1(!"#$&)"(P''&''8&)"(IN-!PJ(
C1+)'("9(8+)#7+*"#2&(+)$(&MC92"([(8%11%9)( "&'"(4?([g(C9%)"'(I",&(&L#%<+1&)"(97(9)&(
*1+''8+"&(N.'(%)(+$$%"%9)("9(]\\6\\\( country-level standard deviation) will drive
#)%"'(%)"&)$&$(792(#'&(G%",%)(N92"#3+1:( +CC29M%8+"&1?(+(>(C&2*&)"(%)*2&+'&(%)(
@%",(N29H&*"(U+3&11+)6(",&(b9<&2)8&)"( 329''($98&'"%*(C29$#*"(IbYNJ:(/,&(@921$(
is making a two-fold investment in the Bank report also references US research
nation’s knowledge economy: Portugal’s suggesting that an increase of one standard
children will be equipped with the skills to deviation in math performance at the end
*98C&"&(792(,%3,(C+?%)3(H94'(%)(",&(7#"#2&6( of high school translates to 12 percent
and Portuguese workers will gain access ,%3,&2(+))#+1(&+2)%)3':(IS+)#',&D(+)$(
"9(,%3,0L#+1%"?6(,%3,0<+1#&0+$$&$(H94'(%)( @9''8+))6(b194+1J

Table 1. Economic Impact of Portugal’s Project Magellan
DIRECT INDIRECT
IMPACT+ IMPACT TOTAL
Jobs 350 1,120 1,470

Economic activity EUR 1 billion EUR 1.26 billion EUR 2.26 billion
(based on sales of five (USD 1.386 billion) (USD 1.746 billion) (USD 3.131 billion)
8%11%9)(#)%"'(",29#3,(=\>\J

+ Result of manufacturing expansion. !9#2*&R(f%"+1(@+<&(.9)'#1"%)3:

9
The Positive Impact of eLearning

Teachers who are most likely to Looking Forward
Increasing educational quality is a critical challenge for government and education
use technology effectively to 1&+$&2'(",&(G921$(9<&2:(@,%1&(*9)*1#'%<&6(2+)$98%E&$6(19)3%"#$%)+1('"#$%&'(9)(
improve education are those &A&+2)%)3X'(4&)&7%"'($9()9"(?&"(&M%'"6(+(*2%"%*+1(8+''(97(&<%$&)*&(%)$%*+"&'(",+"(
%)<&'"8&)"'(%)(&A&+2)%)3(*+)($&1%<&2('#4'"+)"%+1(C9'%"%<&(&77&*"':
who have completed professional
development programs, work in .9)"+*"(?9#2(-)"&1(2&C2&'&)"+"%<&(92(<%'%"(#'(9)(",&(@&4(+"
www.k12blueprint.com:
a school with ample support, and
have technology in the classroom
rather than a PC lab.

>\
The Positive Impact of eLearning

References
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/&*,)%*+1(T&C92":(TPiY(F$#*+"%9)6(=\\_:(
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Growth.(S+2<+2$(Z)%<&2'%"?6(=\\\:( c#1%D6(k+8&'(P:(Effects of Using Instructional Program: Year 3.(Z)%<&2'%"?(97(U&8C,%'6(=\\_:
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h&*"+:(Harnessing Technology Review 2007: !%1<&2)+%16(Y+<%$(A(+)$(A+)&6(Y+G)(U:(
Schools: What Controlled Evaluation Studies
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Say.(K%)+1(T&C92":(!T-(-)"&2)+"%9)+16(U+?(=\\_:
Education, Summary Report.(i9<&84&2(=\\g: Program on Middle School Teachers and
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