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STAT 355, Spring 2013 SECTION : Monday Wednesday

EXAM I NAME
You must show your work in order to receive full credit.
Please label your work clearly.
Use three decimal places for calculations.
For all probability calculations, be sure to include the statement of what you are calculating.
(i.e. P(A B) = , P(A B) = , etc)
1. (9 pts) The amount of time (rounded to the nearest second) spent in line before be-
ing served at Commerce bank is obtained for 50 customers and the relative frequency
histogram is given below.
(a) (3 pts) What percentage of the customers spent less than 150 seconds in line?
(b) (3 pts) How many customers spent more than 5 minutes in line?
(c) (3 pts) Without calculation, state whether the mean is larger, smaller, or the
same as the median. Explain your reasoning.
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2. (23pts) The single-season home run record is now held by Barry Bonds of the San Fran-
cisco Giants, who hit 73 in 2001. Here are Bonds 22 year home run totals from 1986(his
rst year) to 2007: (Hint:

22
i=1
x
i
= 762,

22
i=1
x
2
i
= 30532)
16, 25, 24, 19, 33, 25, 34, 46, 37, 33, 42, 40, 37, 34, 49, 73, 46, 45, 45, 5, 26, 28
ordered data are
5, 16, 19, 24, 25, 25, 26, 28, 33, 33, 34, 34, 37, 37, 40, 42, 45, 45, 46, 46, 49, 73
(a) (4pts) Construct a stem-and-leaf display.
(b) (6pts) What is the rst quartile, median, and third quartile of the sample?
(c) (5pts) Compute the sample mean and variance.
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(d) (4pts) If the value 73 recorded as 730 by mistake, will the mean and the median be
changed?
(e) (4pts) If all the values in the data are added by 5, what would be the resulting value
of the sample standard deviation?
3. (9 pts) A random sample of 200 adults is classied below according to gender and attained
education level.
Elementary Secondary College Total
Male 38 28 22 88
Female 45 50 17 112
Total 83 78 39 200
An adult is selected at random.
(a) (3 pts) What is the probability that the adult has a college level of education?
(b) (3 pts) What is the probability that the adult is a female with a college level of
education?
(c) (3 pts) Given the adult is female, what is the probability that she has a college level
of education?
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4. (13 pts) Consider the probability distribution for the random variable X shown here :
X 10 20 30 40 50 60
p(x) 0.05 0.20 0.30 0.25 0.10 0.10
(a) (3 pts) Which type of random variable is X? Circle one.
Discrete or Continuous
(b) (5 pts) Find the mean.
(c) (5 pts) Find the variance.
5. (3pts) In how many ways can six people sit in four seats in a line at a cinema?
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6. (6 pts) Which of the followings are Binomial random variables? Answer yes or no and if
Binomial, what are the values of n and p?
(a) Roll a die 10 times. X=the sum of 10 rolls.
(b) Roll a die 10 times. X=the number of rolls come out as a 5.
(c) Bart didnt study for the exam. On the exam, there are 15 multiple choice questions.
Each question has 4 choices for an answer. Bart decided to guess on each question.
X=the number of questions he gets correct.
7. (9 pts) You take a bus to school every morning. The probability that the bus is late 0.10.
Suppose that the event that the bus is late on a specic day is independent the bus being
late on any other day. For the next 15 bus rides, what is the probability that
(a) the bus is late exactly 7 times?
(b) the bus is late 3 times or less?
(c) the bus is late at least 10 times?
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8. (8 pts) The proportion of people in a given community who have a certain disease is 0.005.
A test is available to diagnose the disease. If a person has the disease, the probability that
the est will produce a positive signal is 0.99. If a person does not have the disease, the
probability that the test will produce a positive signal is 0.01. If a person tests positive,
what is the probability that the person actually has the disease?
9. (3 pts) The standard deviation of {1, 4, 3} is a positive number. Circle one.
TRUE or FALSE
10. (3 pts) In a skewed distribution, the mean is the best measure of the central tendency of
the distribution since it is least aected by extreme observation. Circle one.
TRUE or FALSE
If you think you can do a thing or think you cant do a thing, you are right. Henry Ford
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