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WORKING PAPER 1.

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AUTHORS: USA, Australia, Ghana
DOCTORSHIP (increasing physician: patients ratio in Africa)
1. Formation of a medical board by WHO which includes
doctors from countries which have a high doctor-patient
ratio and then sending these doctors at regular and different
intervals to the ill-health affected countries of Africa.
2. Doctors should be trained specifically to treat people in rural
conditions suffering from diseases like tuberculosis,
diarrhoea, malaria.
3. Doctors should stick to similar geographical locations
determining the health conditions of those regions such that
they do not vary with the tenure of the doctors.
4. Provide those doctors appropriate funds for their basic
subsistence and commend their efforts appropriately along
with proper dispensaries for the doctors working
environment.
5. Local medical infrastructures can be improved by
introducing scholarships for the local people from the higher
school academic level.
6. Training programs to be set up by the Governments of
African nations for local students to be more encouraged to
pursue medical education.
HIV (solutions)
1. More funding is recommended by the member
nations to the JUNP(Joint United
Nations Programme)(it is a group that leads,
strengthens and support expanded response to HIV
and AIDS by providing care and support to those
already living with the virus, reducing the vulnerability of
individuals and communities to HIV and alleviating the
impact of the epidemic)
2. Providing psychological support to HIV positive
patients.
3. Education in proper safe sexual habits for all African citizens
above the age of 14 should be done by the Governments in
moderation with WHO in addition with awareness
campaigns in local languages.
4. Women education should be promoted and empowerment
for them in marriages and family planning.
5. Blood to be transfused has to be checked for HIV and other
infections before they are administered.
6. Young women should be a high priority for WHO to prevent
mother to child HIV infection.
MALARIA
1. Promotion of CDI (Community development interventions)
2. Providing ITNs.
3. Mosquito repellents.
4. Diagnostic testing centres should be set up where people
can check if they have malaria. Doctors/physicians and
majority of the funds should be expected to come from
developed countries.
5. Medicines for treating malaria (especially ARTESIMISIN)
should be provided to African countries
6. Establishing of local groups for carrying out habitat
destruction of aneopheles mosquito larvae.
7. New vaccines for prevention of malaria should be put into
trials and be reviewed.
8. Vitamins supplements and mid day meals should be
provided to the people recovering and affected to build up
immunity.

WATER AND SANITATION
1. Committee to investigate the potential of alum and
Aquatab to purify water sources. Consultation to be carried
out with countries producing them aspecially USA.
2. Home management of water security can be achieved by
educating rural population on basic purification practices
such as:
3. Boiling water for drinking
4. Chlorination for disinfecting water.

FOOD SECURITY
1. Strengthening the agricultural sectors by increasing
profitability of farmers.
2. Organisations like NASFARM should be encouraged.
3. Indigenous methods of farming should be practised.
4. Organic farming, crop rotation should be encouraged.
5. Avoid wasting of food by proper storage (use of silos etc).
6. High yielding variety of seeds should be provided to African
farmers at subsidised rates.
7. The African countries should be encouraged to participate in
economic norm settings associated with cross border trading
in African region.
8. External aid in form of agricultural tools and resources
should be provided after extreme climatic conditions.
MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
1. UNGA global strategy for women and child health should be
implemented properly by WHO.
2. UNFPA midwifery program should be greatly encouraged.
3. To ensure post-birth care Program like the RBF "results-
based financing" which were found to be very useful in
developing countries should be brought in African Nations.
It is a program which links incentives with results. E.g
Midwives get extra money for delivering healthy babies.
Doctors might get extra pay if they immunize a certain
number of children.


GENERAL SOLUTIONS:-
1. Africa through globalization requires medicines
and medical equipments which it itself cannot
produce. The WHO recommends the
developed economies of the world to give
these medicines to africa at subsidised rates.
2. Frequent comprehens should be endorsed to
spread awareness about the widespread
diseases such as HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis,
Malaria, Diarrhea, etc. and also