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Conversion is God's Grace - Bishop

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mFriday, Nov. 23, 2007

Marshall Bruce Mathers III

Page- 6

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6Lsfk' / , ^ d\ l ;/ . 6Lsfk' / l:yt kfs{ 6Lsfk' / gu/kflnsfnfO{ x:tfGt/0f ul/Psf] 5 . ;x/L ljsf; of]hgfsf l8lehg k|d'v yDa/fh >] i 7;lxtsf] 6f] n Ln] ;f] kfs{ gu/kflnsfnfO{ lxhf] x:tfGt/0f u/]sf] xf] . ;f] kfs{ sl/a !# lj3f hUufdf /x]sf] au}Frf;lxt *% lj3f If] q kmn cf] u 6] s f] ;'b/ " klZrdf~rns} cToGt /d0fLo kfs{ xf] . kfs{ cfgf] lhDdf cfPkl5 6Lsfk'/ gu/kflnsfnfO{ yk cfly{s ef/ k/]sf] 5 . x:tfGt/0f sfo{qmddf kfs{sf] ;+/If0f Pjd\ ljsf;sf nflu =!) nfvsf] cIfosf]if :yfkgf ug]{ ;xdlt klg ePsf] lyof] . s/f]8f}F k}of nufgL u/L lgdf{0f ul/Psf] ;f] kfs{ 6Lsfk'/ ljsf; ;ldltsf] cfly{s cj:yf gfh's aGb} uPkl5 hL0f{ cj:yfdf k'us ] f] xf] . x:TffGt/0f ;df/f] x df Joj:yflksf-;+ ; b\ s f ;b:o u\ u faxfb' / s' F j /n] ;/sf/n] oyfzSo rfF8f] gu/ ljsf; ;ldlt u7g u/L 6Lsfk' / ljsf; ;ldltcGtu{t /x]sf] rncrn ;DklQsf] ;d'lrt k|of]u ul/g'kg]d { f hf]8 lbg'eof] . l8lehg k|dv ' >]i7n] 6Lsfk'/sf] ;DklQ cGoq nfg] g] k fn ;/sf/sf] ;f]r gePsf] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .

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Ph: 061-528502 (Off), 541165 (Res) Mo.: 9846027073 Fax: 061-522653

Bishnu Khadka

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nflu

KIRAN SCIENTIFIC TRADERS


New Road-9, Pokhara e-mail: khadkajagat@hotmail.com
Supplier : Hospital & Lab, Equipment, Chemical, Reagent, Glassaware & Accessories etc.

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gurupatrakar@gamail.com
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;ftfsf] z'? / cGTo /fd|f] ;Fu Joltt xf]nf . gofF cj;/ fKt x'g ;S5 . Jofkf/ Joj;foaf6 klg cfo cfh{g d]if k| a9\g5 ] . hLjg;fyLsf] ;xof]udf dxTjk"0f{ sfd aGg]5g\ . /fd|f] /xnf . ;ftfsf] dWolt/ :jf:Yo sdhf]/ x'g,] sfddf cj/f]w cfpg] tyf vr{ a9\g5 ] . cz'e va/n] lrGtf yKg]5 . d+unaf/ / j'waf/ yf]/} k|lts'n b]lvG5 vr{ / ljjfb a9\g . eg] cGo lbg ;fdfGotof z'e /x]sf5g\ . Jofkf/ a[if ;S5 Joj;fodf /fd|f] ;kmntf ldNg]5 . >dsf] d'No lng ufx|f] kg]{5}g . lj/f]wLaf6 klg cj/f]w cfpg ;S5 . dxTjsfFIfL geO{sg cfTd;+odsf ;fy sfddf nfUg'xf]nf . of] ;ftf tkfO{sf] nflu cg'sn ' g} b]lvG5 . cw'/f sfdx? ] g\ . sfo{ Ifdtfsf] j[l4 x'g5 ] . u/]sf sfddf ldy'g kmQ] x'g5 ;kmntf ldNg]5 . Jofkf/ Joj;fodf nufgL a9\gs ' f ;fy} cfDbfgL klg /fd|} x'g5 ] . jf]nLsf] k|efj a9\g5 ] . cfly{s sf/f]jf/df ;'wf/ cfpg]5 . clGtd lbg k|lts'n /x]sf]5 .

z'qmjf/ / zgLaf/ cfDbfgL a9\g5 ] . g;f]rs ] f 7fFpaf6 ss{6 wg xft kg{;S5 . Jofkf/ Joj;foaf6 klg /fd|f] cfDbfgL x'g5 ] eg] cfOtjf/ / ;f]djf/ vr{,ljjfb,xfgL gf]S;fgL tyf ckoz h:tf g/fd|f s'/fn] 7fpF kfpg] b]lvG5 . z]if ;ftf tkfO{sf]nflu cg'sn ' /x]sf]5 . sfd ug{ kl5 gkg'x { f]nf . sfd ug]{ hf]z hfu/ a9\g5 ] . cfg} k|of;df sfd x'g5 ] g\ . k { fh{g klg xf]nf . Jofkf/ Joj;foaf6 nfe lng l;+x cyf] ;lsg]5 . cfOtaf/ b]lv eg] ;do k|lts'n aGg ;S5 . 3/of;L ;d:of klg a9\g5 ] g\ . sfd ug]{ hfu/ d/]/ cfpg]5 . slx st}af6 cf/f]k klg cfpg ;S5 . z'qmaf/ / zgLaf/ tkfO{n] u/]sf sfdaf6 xfgL gf]S;fgL sGof p7fpg' knf{ . ckoz dfq} ldNg]5 . /ljaf/ b]lv eg] ;do cg'sn ' aGnf . dxTjk"0f{ sfo{ of]hgf ;kmn x'g5 ] g\ . ;/n / ;xh ?kdf sfd aGg]5g\ . tkfO{sf sfdaf6 c? klg k|eflj x'g]5g . lj/f]wLx? sdhf]/ x'g]5g\ .

;j}nfO{ cfgf] ;+em]/ sfd ubf{ wf]sf x'g ;S5 . cfly{s jf/df klg ljz]if rgfvf] /xg'xf]nf . dxTj kfn]/ t'nf sf/f] a;]/ s'g} sfd x'g5 ] g } . ;fdodf lg0f{o lng g;Sbf kl5 kl/g]5 . cfj:os eGbf al9 s'/f u/]/ ;donfO{ a/jfb kfg]{ sfd gug'x { f]nf . ;ftfsf] clGtd lbg /dfO{nf];u F ljTg]5 . of] ;ftf ;fdfGto tkfO{sf]nflu cg'sn ' g} b]lvG5 . cfgf] sfd ug{ cfkm} ;Ifd eO{ g 5 ] . j} s + Jofn]G; klg j[lZrs a9nf . ;'vzflGt P];cf/fd klg ldNg]5 . kl/jfl/s ;xof]u k|fKt x'g5 ] . Jofkf/df ;fgf ltgf ;d:of cfpg ;S5g\ ljrf/k"js { sfd ug'x { f]nf . efUodf eGbf sd{df ljZjf; ug'x { f]nf .

s]lx xb ;Dd nfe lng ;lsg]5 . u/]sf sfd k|ltkmnbfos g} /xnfg\ . d+unaf/ b]lv k|lts'ntf a9\g]5 . ;ftfsf] clwsfFz efu /fd|f] b]lvG5 . sfo{ Ifdtfsf] j[l4 g5 ] . w]/} h;f] sfd cfg} k|of;df ;Dkfbg x'g5 ] g\ . s'De x' Jofkf/ Joj;fodf nufgL a9\gs ' f ;fy} cfDbfgL klg /fd|} x'g5 ] . jf]nLsf] k|efj a9\g5 ] . cfly{s sf/f]jf/df ;'wf/ cfpg]5 . clGtd lbg k|lts'n /x]sf]5 . ;ftfsf] z'?df e|d ;[hgf x'g ;S5 h;sf sf/0f sfddf l:t x'g5 ] . unt ljrf/n] 7fFp kfpg]5 . vr{ klg ldg l9nf;' a9\g5 ] . d+unaf/ b]lv ;don] k"0f{ ;fy lbg]5 . w]/} pknlJwx? xfl;n x'g5 ] . Jofkf/ Joj;foaf6 /fd|f] cfDbfgL x'g5 ] . kl/jfl/s hd36df v'zL ;f6\g] sfd xf]nf .

cfOtjf/ / ;f]djf/ ljz]if u/]/ cfly{s sf/f]af/df Wofg wg' lbg'xf]nf . clt cfjZos afx]s sf/f]jf/ gug'{xf]nf . cGo lbg tkfO{sfnflu cg'sn ' g} /x]sf5g\ . x/]s If]qdf ;kmntf ldNg]5 . Jofkf/ Joj;foaf6 cf;f u/]sf] eGbf /fd|f] cfDbfgL x'g]5 . j}b]lzs If]qaf6 klg nfeflGjt eOg]5 .

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cGt/f{li6o dfGotfsf nflu Pp6f /fHo aGg ef}uf]lns If]qkmn / ;'/Iffsf nflu ;]gf /xg h?/L x'G5 . t/ Pp6f /fHo ;~rfng ug]{ /fi6 x'gsf nflu To; /fi6df /x]sf hgtfsf Go"gtd\ cfjZostfx?nfO{ k'/f ug{ ;Sg] x'g h?/L x'G5 . h;df cfw'lgs ;dosf uf;, af; / skf; eg]sf] a:gsf] nflu 3/, afFRg k'Ug] u/]/ /f]huf/L / Go"gtd\ cfjZostfsf ?kdf 3/df Pp6f wf/f], lah'nL alQsf] ;'ljwf, ;~rf/sf] ;'ljwf, 9nsf] ;'ljwf, OGwgsf] ;'ljwf cflb k5{g\ . a:gsf nflu t ax';V + os g]kfnLn] 7"nf] ;fgf] 5t agfPsf 5g\ . t/ dfly pNn]lvt Go"gtd cfjZostfsf j:t'x? s/ cz'nL ug]{ cj:yf;Dd /fHon] To;df kmfOg hf]8/ ] cTolws s/ cz'nL u5{ . t/ hf]l8Psf] laB'tsf] tf/df laB'tsf] ;~rf/, wf/fdf hnk|jfx, 6]lnkmf]gsf] tf/df ;~rf/sf] ;'ljwf, 9nsf] ;'Joj:yf / 7l8Psf k]6f n ] df kDkdf OGwgsf] cfk"lt{ eg] gful/sn] k};f ltbf{;d]t kfpg ;s]sf 5}gg\ . cfw'lgs ;dodf o:tf /fHosf nflu clt Go"g t/ gful/ssf nflu ckl/xfo{ j:t'x? ;d]t /fHon] pknAw u/fpg ;Ifd 5}g . u[xo'4df jiff}; { Dd hsl8Psf leoftgfd / sDaf]l8of h:tf b] z n] o:tf clt ;fdfGo gful/ssf cfjZostfx?nfO{ k'/f ul/;s]sf] cj:yfdf cfkm\gf] hGdsf] ;dob]lv g} ;fj{ef}d bf;Tj slxNo} ef]Ug' gk/]sf] /fHo eg]/ uf}/j af]ss ] f] g]kfndf gx'g' of] clt g} nHhsf] ljifo xf] . w]/} ljifd kl/l:yltx?af6 u'hs ]| f /fi6x? ;d]t @! cf}+ ztfAbLsf] ljsf;sf] k|jfxdf ;dflxt eO;s]sf] cj:yfdf g]kfn kl5 kg'{ cyjf cfGtl/s Gdf ?dlng' eg]sf] /fHo ;~rfnsx? cIfd x'g' xf] . kfgL 5}g, alQ 5}g, 6]lnkmf]g 5}g, /f]huf/L 5}g, :jf:Yo ljdf 5}g, ;'/Iff 5}g, of] 5}gsf] b]zdf of] bz cfkm} s;/L 5 eGg] 7"nf] k|Zg 5 . dfl;s z'Ns a'emfP/ kfgL, alQ, 6]lnkmf]gsf] ;'ljwf gkfOg', xftdf gf]6 lnP/ k]6f n ] lsGg gkfOg', /fHonfO{ s/ lt5'{ eGbf ;'vn] s/ ltg{ gkfOg' of] gful/ssf nflu 7"nf] lj8Dagfsf] s'/f xf] . k'?if of gf/L s'g xf] eg]/ 5'6o \ fpg ;lsPg eg] Tof] aLrsf] x'G5 . of] x}g / xf] sf] aLrsf] b]z klg To:t} k|ltt x'G5 . /fhgLlts ;r]tgfsf] g]kfndf Jofks ljsf; eO;s]sf] 5 eGg] bfjL ug]{ /fhg]tfx? of] ;r]tgfn] /fli6o ;jf{l0f ljsf;df s:tf] e"ldsf v]ns ] f] 5 eGg] s'/fsf] pgLx?nfO{ kQf] 5}g . nf]stGq, u0ftGq, /fhtGq jf hftLo, ef}uf]lns ;dfj]zL h] elgPklg oL g]tf ljsf;sf dfq} Ph]08fx? x'g\ eGg] s'/f k|i6 eO;s]sf] 5 .

xfdL ;#}+ gs/fTds s/f ubf{ /dfp+%f} -cyf{t\ cfefj, ljs[lt, lg/fzf / ljb|fx ] JoQm ug{sf nflu tngfTds ?kn] ts{, { !fg / ljj]ssf] cfjZostf kb}g { . elgG% -lg/fzf / ljb|fx ] cf]sNbf JolQmx?df Ps lsl;dsf] cGt/ cfgGb k|fKt xG% . ;/sf/n] s]xL ug]{ ;fdy{ /fVb}g, /fhg}lts kfl^{x? Ifdtfljlxg %g, sd{rf/L tGq e|i^frf/L tyf lgsDdf JolQmx?n] el/Psf] %, gLlh If]q ;fdflhs bfloTj eGbf dgfkmfdvL %g tyf gful/s ;dfh, jlsn, kqsf/, lzIfs tyf k]zfut alhLjLx? Ifdtfljlxg /fhg}lts g]tfx?sf] lgb]z { gdf rNg /dfp%g\ -lo dflysf ;Djfbx? rf]s, xf]^n, rf}tf/f tyf ;fd'bflos ejgx?df a:bf ;lgg] lgoldt ;Djfbx? xg\ .
;+Vof #^]/ 10 df cfPsf] % . lzIff tyf :jf:yM 615 jif{sf JolQmx?df 1995 96 df 63 ljBfno hfGy] eg] 2004 ;Dddf of] ;+Vof a(]/ 77 kus ] f] % . cem pT;fxhgs k|ultdf 610 jif{sf s]^Lx?df 50 af^ 73, 1115 jif{sf s]^Lx?df 53 af^ 68 j[l ePsf] % . ;g\ 1996 ;Dddf k|To]s 15 jif{sf aRrfx? k|lt xhf/df 118 hgfsf] d[To xGYof] eg] 2001 df of] #^]/ 91 hgf kus ] f] % . o;} u/L pQm cjlwdf lzz d[Tob/ 79 af^ #l^ 64 kusf] % . ca s] ug]{= = = dflysf pknlAwx?nfO{ ljZn]if)f ubf{ ;fx|} lg/fzf xg] l:ylt %}g . xfdLn] u/]sf pknAwL tyf o;sf] ljt/)fnfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] cfufdL lbgdf xfd|f ljsf; k|ofzx? cln

nflu aflx/ hfg] tYofnfO{ ljZn]if)f ug]{ xf] eg] o:tf] b]lvG% . 199516 g] k fn leq g] k fn aflx/ ef/t kjL{ Plzog b]z c/a d n s klZrd d n s 44 56 34 17 2 4 100 2 0 0 3 0 4 24 76 23 16 26 14 100

o; tYofaf^ la:tf/} ef/t;usf] lge{/tf sd xb} uPsf] tyf c/a dns tyf klZrd dnsx?df rfk al(/x]sf] b]lvG% . dnt /fHon] l;k ;lxtsf] sfdbf/nfO{ Jojl:yt?kn] u_ ef} l ts aflx/ k j f{ w f/ k(fpg M ;s] xfnsf] cfDbfgLdf pNn]vgLo ?kn] j[l ug{ ;lsG% . g]kfndf ;g\ 1995 df 11,000 ls=ld= ;*saf^ 2004 df 17,000 ls=ld=df j[l ePtfklg o;sf] lj:tf/ u|fdL)f :t/df sd b]lvG% . ljBtLs/)fsf] pbfx/)f x]bf{ sf&df)*f}df 99 #/x? ljBt ;ljwf pkef]u ub{%g\ eg] klZrd kxf*sf JolQmx? k|To]s Ps ;o hgfdf 4 hgfdfq ljBtsf] ;]jfaf^ nfeflGjt %g\ . o;af^ ef}lts kjf{wf/sf] ;dfgkflts ljt/)f tyf ljsf;df Wofg lbgkg]{ xG% . dflysf ;+VofTds pknlAwnfO{ ljZn]if)f ug]{ xf] eg] xfd|f pknlAw tyf ;Defjgfx? cfznfUbf %g\ ofg]ls g]kfnsf] ljsf;sf] abnfdf ;f]tf] rfbLsf] cfj/)f klg % t/ To;nfO{ ;/sf/, lghLIf]q tyf gful/s ;dfhsf] ;fd'lxs, cy{k) ' f{ tyf ;ls|o ;xeflutfaf^ ;dfj]zLs/)f agfpg ;s]df xfdL c;kmn /fi^ xgaf^ aRg ;Sb%f} .

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o'/f]k, cd]l/sf / hfkfgsf] a;fOFsf] qmddf d}n] u|fxsx?nfO{ b]ptf ;/x Jojxf/ u/]sf b]vF] / cfkm"n] klg ef]uF] . cd]l/sL /]i6'/0 ] 6x?df u|fxs k:g] lalQs} k|ltIffyL{n] p;nfO{ ;;Ddfg s';L{df lj/fhdfg u/fpF5 / enfs';f/Lsf s'/f ub{5 . To;kl5 vfBkbfy{sf] ;"lrkq pknAw u/fpF 5 / c8{ / ul/Psf] vfB kbfy{ !% ldg]6leqdf pknAw u/fpF5 . !% ldg]6leqdf vfgf 6]an ' df gcfP u|fxs l/;n] p7]/ hfG5 . l9nf] u/]df u|fxsn] cfkm"nfO{ dxTj glbPsf] 7fG5 . k|ltIffyL{ o'jfo'jtLx?nfO{ ;bf;j{bf gd| / xFl;nf] d'bf | df k|:t't x'g] tflnd lbOPsf] x'G5 . d}nfw}nf, b'uf { lGwt kf]zfs / gg'xfPsf] z/L/ lnP/ k|:t't x'g kfOGg . ;]jfu|fxL u|fxs bflxg] xft] eP lrofsksf] x\of08n bflxg]lt/ / b]a|]xft] eP b]a|]xftlt/ kmsf{P/ /flvG5 . sltko /]i6'/06x?df dgtftf] kfgL, ?dfn / sfutLsf 6'qmfx? xft w'gsf] nflu / k'5g \ sf] nflu 6'qm\ofOG5 . kfgLsf] lunf; kvflnPsf] dfq xf]Og ;kmf ?dfnn] k'l5Psf] klg x'G5 . sxL klg rsf]{ / ss{z cfjfhdf uLt ;+uLt ahfOGg . s;}nfO{ klg 7"N7"nf] :j/df s'/f ug{ / aRrfnfO{ ?jfpg lbOGg . aRrf ?Fbf Tof] /f]bgnfO{ t'?Gt} aGb u/fpg' kg]{ of aRrfnfO{ ?jfpg aflx/ lg:sg' kg]{ x'G5 . oL / cGo o:tf s'/fx?afx]s vfBkbfy{ / efG5fsf] :jR5tfdf klg plQs} Wofg lbOPsf] x'G5 . u'0f:t/af/] ;DalGwt lgsfon] cg'udg ul//xg] x'b F f af;L / c:j:ys/ vfgf s;}n] em'SofP/ v'jfpg] lxDdt ub}{g . clnslt q'l6 b]vf kgf{;fy p:t} u|fxsn] 6qm\ofPsf] vfgf klg /2 ul/lbG5g\ / ltgnfO{ km]/L csf]{ q'l6/lxt vfgf pknAw u/fpg' kg]{ x'G5 . k|ltIffyL{ / k|aGwsx? cfP/ u|fxs;Fu vfgf s:tf] 5 < eg]/ ;f]wk'5 ul//xG5g\ . sltko /]i6'/0 ] 6x?df u|fxsnfO{ vfgf vfFbf c;'ljwf gxf];\ eg]/ p;n] nufO/x]sf] sf]6 cyjf Hofs]6 ToxfF ;]jf/t kl/rfl/sfn] km'sflnlbG5g\ / hfg] a]nfdf nufOlbG5g\ . cd]l/sL /]i6'/0 ] 6df vfgf vfFbf a9L ePsf] vfgf l;ltldlt km\ofFlsGg . b'O{ tLghgfsf] ;d"xdf uOPsf] 5 eg] Pp6fn] g;s]sf] vfgf csf]n { ] vfOlbG5 . To;nfO{ h'7f] eg]/ 3[0ff ul/Gg . s;} n fO{ vfg] dg gePdf afF s L vfgfnfO{ ToxfF sfo{/t kl/rfl/sfx?n] sfuhsf] afdf Kofs ul/lbG5g\ / To;nfO{ 3/df NofP/ lk|mhdf /flvG5 / ef]lnkN6 vfOG5 . /fd|f] eg]/ nufpg a;]F . t/ d cfkm}n] cfkm\gf] ;]jf k|bfg u/]afkt rd]gfnosf ;]jfk|bfos h'Qf km'sfNg / gofF h'Qf nufpg k/]g . ' f/L o'jtLn] d]/f] h'Qf km'sflnlbOg\ cyjf k|bflosfx?nfO{ s'n /sdsf] !% k|ltzt tL ;'sd ;]jfz'Ns 5fl8G5 . ;f}gb ] l] v o:tf] jftfj/0fdf / gofF h'Qf klx/fOlbOg\ . dnfO{ t cfkm\g} x'ss {] f klZrdf ;]jfu|fxLx?df /]i6'/0 ] 6x?df jf k|]ldsfn] h'Qf nufOlbPsf] cg'e"lt eof] . sfof{ n ox?df w] / } a] / ;Dd s' g ] { w} o { t f / a? dnfO{ s:tf] s:tf] cK7\of/f] nfUof] t/ ;]jfk|bfosx?nfO{ Ho" Ho" / xh'/ xh'/ ug]{ ltgL u|fxsnfO{ u'0f:t/Lo ;]jf k|bfg ug{ kl/gg\ . /]i6'/0 ] 6, a}s + lgl/xtf x'Fb}g . dnfO{ s'/fpg k/]sf]df kl5 / k;nx?df dfq xf] O g d;Fu clnslt k};f hDdf ePkl5 d vftf vf]Hg kof] ltgn] km l/ ] dfkm dflug\ cGoq klg u| f xsnfO{ jb"t;/x Jojxf/ ul/G5 eg]/ Pp6f a}+sdf uPF . a}+ssL / d]/f] w}o{tfsf] tfl/km b] eGg] s'/f d}n] b]vs ] f], ef]us ] f] ;] j fk| b flosf o' j tL csf] { ul/g\ . 306f}+, lbgx'F / / ;'gs ] f ] 5' . c:ktfnx?df u|fxs;Fu s'/f ub}{ lyOg\ . dnfO{ / 8fS6/x? klg b]Vg]lalQs} ltgn] elgg\ a:b} xKtf}+ wfpg] ;doeIfL g;{ la/fdLx?sf] ;]jfdf k"0f{?kn] ugf] { ; \ / oL klqsfx? x] b } { ;+:sf/df x's]{sf] d ;dlk{ t x' G 5g\ . /f] u Lugf]{;\ . d t'?Gt} tkfO{;Fu cfOxfN5' . d kfFr ldg]6 ;Dd uf]vf{nLnfO{ kfFr ldg]6 la/fdLsf] kfp 5' g ' / pkrf/sf] qmddf To;nfO{ klqsf k9]/ a;]F . ltgLx?sf] s'bf{ s;}n] s'/fPh:tf] cfkm\gf] 5ftLdf of sfFwdf s' / fsfgL 6' l Pg . 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To;dfly Pp6L st{Jok/fo0f o'jtLn] ljgd|tfk"j{s em's]/ u|fxsx?sf] :jfut b'O{ tLg k6s dfkm dfu]kl5 d ltgL;Fu clejfbg ug' { dfq} xf] . s' g } ?kjtL ] f/df of cGoq pEofP/ l/;fpg] s'/} lyPg . l/; p7f];\ klg s;/L < o'jtLx?nfO{ k|jz kfFr ldg]6df Eofpg] sfd klg kfFr lbg /fVb}df s'g} j:t' / ;]jfsf] u'0f:t/ a9\g] t nfU5 eg]/ cg]sf}+ av]8f ubf{ / rflxg] grflxg] xf]Og tfklg To;n] xfd|f] cg'el" tdf leGgtf NofpF5 . la/fdLsf] Joyf cf}iflwsf] uf]nLn] cQf] yfKbf kf] l/; p7\5 . csf]k { N6 d gofF h'Qf lsGg kof] eg]/ dfq 36fpFb}g, g;{ / 8fS6/x?sf] dL7f] ;g\ k|mflG;:sf]sf] Pp6f h'Qf k;ndf uPF . af]nLn] klg 36fpF5 . pgLx?n] k|bz{g u/]sf] k;ndf k:g]lalQs} Pp6L ljqm]tf o'jtLn] d]/f] dfofn' :kz{ / lgwf/df /flvPsf] /fxtsf/L :jfut clejfbg ul/g\ / d]rdf a;flng\ . xftn] klg JoyfnfO{ tn emfl/lbG5 / d}n] cfkm"nfO{ Pshf]/ /fd|f] h'Qf rflxPsf] s'/f la/fdLx?sf] dgf]an a9fOlbG5 . dfG5] u/]F . 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Conversion is God's Grace


Rt.Rev.Anthony Francis Sharma. Frist Bishop of Nepal was on a short visit to Pokhara. Ms.Anita Malla, a voluntary teacher at St.Francis School had a word with him. Here is an excerpt from that interview. Anita: Welcome to Pokhara, Bishop Anthony Sharma. Bishop : Thank you. Anita : I learnt that you are the first Bishop of Nepal. People knew you as Father Sharma and now you are a Bishop. Can you tell us what it means to be a Bishop ? Bishop : Etymologically, bishop means an overseerone who oversees or directs various works of a diocese or vicariate entrusted to his care by the Holy Father. So, as an oversees or director he is the religious head of a Catholic community in a place or country (as is the case in Nepal). Anita : I heard that you come from a Hindu Brahmin family, meaning originally a Hindu. So how does it feel to be the head of the catholic church of Nepal ? Bishop : Well, I have been the head of the Catholic Church here since 1984 and I continue being so since becoming a bishop. Initially, a Hindu and a Brahmin by caste becoming the head of a Catholic community was seen as a betrayal. But, that was only initially. As to how I feel about it as a bishop now, I don't feel any different. I continue doing what I have been occupied with. Some people thought that it was a big honour given to me. I suppose it is that. But, more than that, it is a recognition of the growth of the Church in Nepal. Anita : Bishop, can you please tell us what made you to change your religion from Hindu to Catholic ? Bishop : I had no choice. I was too young to decide for myself. My mother joined the Church and I, a tiny boy of four or five then, had no option. Anita : Can you point out any one person who had most influence on you in your journey from Hinduism to Christianity ? Bishop : As a young boy of four or five I hardly knew what Hinduismor Christianity was. I was my mother's boy. I would go where she went. Anita : Were your parents open to this change of religion ? Bishop : My parents were Hindus at the time of my father's death. My mother became a Catholic some time my father's death. A Belgian Jesuit had a big influence in my mother's life. Anita : Catholic Church is very small in Nepal, its something like a drop in the ocean. It is very difficult for your and your people ? Bishop : Yes, it is very small- like the mustard seed that Jesus speaks of. It is growing slowly but steadily. Ours was the first group of Christian missionaries to be invited to the country. We have had minor ups and downs during the course of our history/presence here.

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To:t} If]q, ;d'bfo / hflt ljz]ifdf k|efj kfg]{ To:tf gLlt th'x { ?df zlQm / k|efj u|x0f ug{ nfnflot x'G5g\ . k|zf;sx? cfkm\gf j}olQs arfO{sf nflu klg cfkm\gf] k]zf / ;]jfsf] If]qdf gLltx? k|of]u u5{g\ . cfhef]ln gLlt lgdF{0fdf lxt ;d"x / stakeholder x?sf] lglxt :jfy{sf] j[l4n] sd{rf/LtGqsf] gLlt lgdf{0f e"ldsf 36fO/x]sf] 5 . ljZjf;sf] cefj / ;xeflutfd"ns jftfj/0fsf] cefjdf gLlt lgdf{0f Pp6f pRr bhf{sf] lqmofsnfk agfOlbPsf] 5 . h'g d'Vo u/]/ dflyaf6 nflbG5 . jf:tjdf gLlt dflyaf6} cfp5 To;df tnlt/sf] sd eGbf sd input ;dfj]z x'G5 . lgs} yf]/} cGt/lqmof tnlt/sf] ju{;u ul/G5 . t}klg of] dflyaf6} cfPsf] lsg gxf];\ . d'n'sleq gLlt lgdf{0fsf] ;jfndf Pp6f ;d:of s] 5 eg] ;/sf/n] agfPsf o:tf gLltx? ;';u + lt (coherence) / lg/Gt/tfsf] lglZrt dfqfsf] cefj 5 . w]/} ;jfnx?df cl3Nnf] ;/sf/sf] ;dosf gLltx? st} sd{rf/Ln] lglZrt bn jf zf;gnfO{ kIfkf]if0f ul//x]sf] t 5}g eGg] cy{df 5f]8\g] ul/G5 . pgLx? ;/sf/ km]l/g] lalQs} klxn]sf] gLlt sfof{Gjog ug{ 8/fp5g\ . oxf s]xL pbfx/0fx? 5g\ ljz]iftM xflsdsf] jf lglZrt sd{rf/L ju{sf] ;?jf x'bf gLlt lg/Gt/tfdf afwf k'u]sf] x'G5 . w]/} gLltx? c;fdlos ?kdf c;kmn ePsf 5g\ . sfof{Gjog txdf k'Ubf nrstf / x'g'kg]{ t/ntfsf] sdLn] o:tf] x'g k'u]sf] 5 . ;/sf/sf w]/} gLltx?df c;Da4tf (inconsistency) 7"nf] Jofkf/sf sf/0faf6 km]n ePsf 5g\ . ;fj{hlgs gLlt;u ;Da4 oxf w]/} lj/f]wfef;k"0f{ ;f+u7lgs :jfy{ / pQ/bfloTjx? 5g\ . gLltx? w]/}h;f] Pscsf]{;u gldNbf 5g\ . gLltx?;u lj/f]wfef;k"0f{ nIo / p2]Zox? dfq 5}gg\ ltgLx? clwsf+zt ;|f]t h'6fpg k|lt:kwf{tkm{ pq]sf 5g\ . s]xL gLltx? :jo+ ;d:ofsf] nfuteGbf klg dx+uf ;fljt ePsf 5g\ . g]kfnsf] ;fj{hlgs gLlt tby{jfbn] u|l;t 5 . incremetalism gLlt lg0f{osf] dha"t cfwf/ ag]sf] 5 . gLltx?sf] d'lZsnn] d"Nofg / ljZn]if0f x'g] u5{ . ;fdflhs, cfly{s, /fhgLlts Pj+ ;f:s[lts d"No dfGotfx?sf] j]jf:tf u/]/ ljb]zaf6 cfofltt ljrf/x? nfb\g] sfd eOlbbf gLlt lgdf{tfx? gLlt lgdf{0f ubf{ jftf/0fLo kIfnfO{ nft df5{g\ eGg s/} nfU5 . clwsf+z gLltx? ljkIf / p;sf] cj/f]w Pj+ sdhf]/ sfof{Gjogsf] sf/0faf6 ljkmn kfl/Psf 5g\ . o:tf] lsg eO/x]5 eg] d'VotM /fhgLlts, ;fdflhs, cfly{s / kof{j/0fLo jftfj/0fsf] j]jf:tf ul/G5 . hgtfsf] clgR5fsf] sf/0faf6 jf lxt ;d"xsf] clgR5faf6 ;d]t gLltx? x6]sf 5g\ . k|lt/f]w / lj/f]w s]jn aflx/af6 dfq} cfPsf] 5}g of] leq}af6 ;d]t k}bf ePsf] 5 . w]/} ;jfnx?df gLlt ;|f]tsf] sf/0faf6 ;d]t x6fOPsf 5g\ . Toxf of]hgf / gLltaLr ulx/f] vf8n 5 . To:t} vf8n gLlt / sfo{qmd Pj+ gLlt / ah]6aLr klg 5 . k|zf;sx?sf] cTolws uf]Ko tf}/ tl/sfn] ubf{ ;fj{hlgs gLlt g]kfndf kf/blz{tfsf] cefj Joxf]l//x]sf] 5 . To:t} o:tf] x'g'df zf;gsf] cTolws s]lGb|s/0f, zf;gsf] k|Tofof]hgdf ePsf] sdL cflb sf/0faf6 kf/blz{tfs]f cefj ef]Ug' k/]sf] 5 . ;fj{hlgs gLlt ljZn]if0fdf tflnd k|fKt dfgj ;|f]tsf] lg/Gt/tf Pj+ :jo+ tflndsf] cefj 5 . vf]h cg';Gwfgd"ns, hf]lvdk"0f{ sfd ckgfpg pRr txsf] Joj:yfkg clgR5's b]lvG5 . p;n] oyfl:yltsf] kIfkf]if0f / guGo incrementalism df ?dln/x]sf] 5 . gLlt sfof{Gjog ;+oGq sdhf]/ 5 . To:t} ult d"Nofg / ljZn]if0fsf] 5 . gLlt b]vfpg] bft h:t} 5 . cf}krfl/s ;lqmotf dfq} 5 / s] elgof] / s] ul/of] Toxf ljzfn vf8n 5 . ;ftf}+ of]hgfn] of] ;d:ofnfO{ v'n]/ :jLsf/ u/]sf] lyof] . gLlt k|efj rf/}lt/ km}lnPsf] 5 . To;sf] d"Nofg ePsf] 5}g . cjwf/0ff (concept) M gLlt lgdf{0f ;fj{hlgs k|zf;gsf] d"ne"t sfo{ xf] . ;fy;fy} of] Pp6f dxTjk"0f{ sfo{ klg xf] . hgtfsf] a9\bf] cfsf+Iff;u} c;n zf;g / ;]jfk|bfg ug{sf nflu ax'njfbsf] pbo / hgtfsf] OR5fdf kl/jt{g k|hftGq;u a9\bf] ;x;DaGw ;kmn zf;gsf nflu ;fj{hlgs gLlt lgdf{0f Hofb} ;+s6k"0f{ ag]sf] 5 . ;fj{hlgs gLlt lgdf{0f ;fj{hlgs k|zf;gsf] Pp6f ljwf (discipline) sf] ?kdf ;fj{hlgs gLlt rog ug]{ lj1fg / snfsf] ?kdf /x]sf] 5 . o;n] ;fd"lxs lxtnfO{ k|ltljlDat u5{ . gLlt sfo{k|ltsf] Pp6f df}lvs, lnlvt jf k/f]If cfwf/e"t lbzflgb]{z xf] . h'g k|zf;gdf cg'kfng x'G5 / ckgfOG5 . p2]Zox?sf] of] Pp6f :ki6 / lglb{i6 j0f{g xf] . sfo{qmd sfof{Gjog / p2]Zox?aLrsf] of] Pp6f sfof{Tds ;DaGw klg xf] . of] Pp6f nIosf] To:tf] j0f{g xf] h;n] ;d:ofsf] lglZrt kf6f] klxNofp5 . gLlt k|zf;lgs lg0f{ox? 8f]ofpg] ;r]t ?kdf :jLsfl/Psf cfr/0fsf lgodx? x'g\ (Dimock) . ;fj{hlgs gLlt ;/sf/n] s]xL gug{ / ug{ ckgfPsf] af6f] xf] (Dye 1972) . w]/} yf]/} ;DalGwt ultljlwx?sf] of] Pp6f nfdf] >[+vnf xf] (Rose) . ;fj{hlgs gLlt ;d:of;u v]Ng] jf ;DalGwt ljifosf] j:t' hf] s'g} cleoGtf (actor) jf ltgLx?sf] ;d"xf/f kfngf ul/g] p2]Zod"ns sfo{sf] af6f] xf] (Anderson) . ;fj{hlgs gLlt cfzf / OR5fsf] ;+ufnf] xf] h'g eljiosf] sfd sf/jfxLsf] j0f{gdf k|ltljlDat x'G5 . ;fj{hlgs lg0f{o / ultljlwx? lgb]{lzt ug]{ of] Pp6f k|lta4tf xf] . lglZrt ;fj{hlgs p2]Zo k|flKt ug{ ;/sf/n] ug]{ Ps k|sf/sf] x:tIf]ksf] lg/Gt/tf xf] . ;/sf/sf] ;fdflhs, cfly{s /0fgLltsf] sfof{Gjogdf of] k|ltljlDat x'G5 . -s_ ;fj{hlgs gLlt ax'njfb (pluralism) sf] rl/qdf cfwfl/t 5 . lsgls of] ax'njfbL ;dfh;u ;/f]sf/ /fVb} To;nfO{ ;+s]t u5{ . -v_ of] ;fdfGotf (generality) sf] rl/qdf cfwfl/t 5 . lsgls ;fdfGo k|s[lt o;df kfOG5 . -u_ of] cd"t{ (abstractness) vfnsf] rl/qdf cfwfl/t 5 . of] cd"t{ 5 . -3_ of] dWod (intermediateness) vfnsf] rl/q xf] . h:tf] of] p2]Zo / lg0f{osf] aLrsf] j:t' xf] . ;fj{hlgs gLlt ljjfb / ljrf/ ljdz{ (deliberation) ug]{ Pp6f sl7g (arduous) k|lqmof xf] . ;fj{hlgs gLlt lgdf{0f ;/sf/sf] p2]Zod"ns / qmda4 Jojxf/ xf] . gLlt lgdf{0f ;/sf/sf] Pp6f lg/Gt/ rln/xg] ultljlw xf] . o;n] k|zf;gs]f x/]s txdf lnOg] lg0f{ox?nfO{ c;/ k'ofp5 . gLlt lgdF{0fsf] k/Dk/fut bz{gn] /fhgLlt k|zf;gsf] }wtfnfO{ hf]8 lbG5 . h;n] s] eG5 eg] gLlt lgdf{0f s]jn /fhgLltsf] If]qleqsf] ljifo xf] hals k|zf;g t dfq o;sf] sfof{Gjog;u ;/f]sf/ /fVb5 (wilson) . w]/} l;4fGtsf/x? h:tf] n'y/ u'lnsn] o;sf] k|ltjfb u/]sf 5g\ . gLlt lgdf{0f k|zf;gsf] ;d]t sfo{If]q xf] eGg] dfGotf s]xL ;do otf j[l4 eO/x]sf] 5 . jf:tjdf k|zf;gsf] cg'ej ljz]if1t, 1fg, :yfloTj / lg/Gt/tfsf sf/0faf6 o;n] ;fj{hlgs gLltdf clwgfosTj / jr{Zj /fVg ;s]sf] 5 . ;fj{hlgs gLlt ljleGg txdf th'{df ul/G5 . ;+;b / /fhgLlts bnx?n] /fhgLlts / sfg"gL gLlt th'{df u5{g\ . dlGqkl/ifb\n] sfo{sf/0fL gLlt th'{df u5{ . hals sd{rf/LtGqn] k|zf;lgs gLltsf] k|zf;g u5{ . ;+ljwfgt Joj:yflksf / dlGqkl/ifb\ gLlt th'{df ug]{ k|d'v lgsfox? x'g\ . gLlt lgdf{0fdf ljleGg stf{x? (actors) ;+nUg x'G5g\ . /fhgLlt1x?, ;+f;bx?, k|zf;sx?, Ao"/f]qm]6x?, lxt ;d"xx?, of]hgfsf/x?, k|fljlwsx?, Joj;flos ;d"xx?, cbfntsf clwsf/Lx?, Gofoflwzx?, o'lgogx?, ;~rf/sdL{x?, ;fj{hlgs ljrf/ axg ug]{ g]tfx? / ;fdfGo gful/s ;d]t o;leq kb{5g\ . gLlt jftfj/0fleq /fhgLlts ;+:s[lt, ;fdflhscfly{s cj:yf, ;fdflhs Pj+ ;/sf/L ;+:yfx? / lxt ;d"xx? kb{5g\ . ;fj{hlgs gLlt dfu ;dy{g / hgtfsf] 5gf}6f/f lgwf{l/t /xG5 . h'g k|foh;f] dtbfg, d]nldnfk (coalition), ;f}bfjfhL (bargaining) / ;+3if{f/f k|ltlglwTj x'g] u5{ . ;fj{hlgs gLltleq pRr txsf] lglZrttf / z'4tf Tof] a]nf x'g]5 ha k|zf;sx? ;fj{hlgs lxtnfO{ glhsaf6 a'em\b5g\ . qmdz================

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But, we have a good public image. Growth like birth will sure to have some pangs. Anita : Though very small the Catholic Church has contributed so much to Nepal especially in the field of education and social service. What are your future plans for Nepal ? Bishop : Yes, we are humbly proud of what we have been able to do educationally and socially. A mere 7000 in strength with 61 priests and 123 sisters our performance record is good. We are looking westward these years- the west of Nepal which is the least developed. Health being now being our priority, we shall soon be opening two hospitals; one in the Chitwan district and the other in East Nepal. Also, someday soon we hope to have a catholic university in the country. Anita : Bishop, there is big uproar when people hear of conversions, what is this whole idea of conversion ? Bishop : Conversion is God's grace. We don't convert. People become Christian by accepting that grace. It is God who calls...Our mission is to witness to God's love in Christ by loving our neighbours as oursleves. Anita : What if today people want to change their religion, say a Hindu to Christian, or Catholic to Budhism etc. how do we approach this situation ? Bishop : We look into the motives of the people who wish to do so. It is for this reason that ordinarily have two years of catechumenate (know your new faith) programme in the catholic church in the country. Faith is a gift. It is only when people accept it as a fift will there be life commitment to it. Anita : Well, today I know of two great personalities and heading to big organizations, you as Bishop of Nepal ans Sister Nirmala (also a Hindu by birth) head of the Missionaries of Charity. What is your advice to young people who are seeking God ? Bishop : Keep seeking till you find him. This advice is for allpeople of all faiths. Anita : Thank you Bishop for giving me your valuable time. Wish you all the best. May God bless you and guide you. Thank you once again.

;fd'bflos c:ktfnsf] dd{ / dfgj :jf:Yodf Jofkf/


xfn;fn} kf] v /fsf] cleofg ;fd' b flos c:ktfnn] Pp6f cgf}7f] pbfx/0f k|:t't u/]sf] 5 . c3f{vfFrL lhNnf g/kfgL uf=lj=;=sL rGb|f yfkfsf] ;fwf/0f ?kd} aRrf hGdfpg ;Sg] cj:yf /xFbf klg pQm c:ktfnn] ck|]zg u/]/ aRrf lgsfNg'kg]{ atfpFb} ck|]zgsf nflu /sd h'6fpg ;Nnfx lbof] . cl:t s]lx lbg cufl8 kf]v/fsf] ;dfwfg b}lgs klqsfdf vf]h ;dfrf/sf] ?kdf d' V o k[ i 7d} of] ;dfrf/ k| s flzt ePkl5 c:ktfnsf] Jojxf/ / :jf:YosdL{sf] nfk/jfxLn] hf] sf]lxnfO{ klg Psk6s em:sg} kg]{ agfOlbof] . To;b] l v otf sflGtk' / nufotsf ljleGg kqklqsf / /]l8of] ;~rf/ dfWodx?df klg Tof] ;dfrf/n] ljz]if k|fyldstf kfof] . ;fdfGo cj:yfdf aRrf hGdg g;Sg] ePkl5 ck|]zg u/]/ aRrf lgsfNg'sf] s'g} ljsNk g/x]kl5 dfq ck|]zg ug'{kg]{ x'G5 / ;/sf/L c:ktfndf To:tf] ck|]zg z'Ns Ps xhf/ ?k}ofF tyf To; cj:yfdf c:ktfnaf6} ;Dk"0f{ /]vb]v ug'{kg]{ ePaf6 &* lbg;Dd c:ktfnd} a:g'kg]{ x'Fbf Tof] ;d]t ubf{ rfgr'g tLg xhf/ ?k}ofF ;Dddf ;Dk"0f{ vr{ Joj:yfkg ug{ ;lsG5 . t/ cleofg ;fd'bflos c:ktfndf pQm ck|]zgsf nflu ck|]zg z'Ns dfq gf} xhf/ ?k}ofF nfUg] / cGo ;Dk"0f{ vr{ ;d]t u/L tL; xhf/ ?k}ofF nfUg] atfPkl5 kLl8t rGb|f yfkfsf >Ldfgn] Toltsf /sd hDdf ug{ g;Sg] ePkl5 >LdtLnfO{ pQm c:ktfnjf6 lgsfnL klZrdf~rn If]qLo c:ktfndf k'ofP . ToxfF kofPkl5 cem} crDd t s] eof] eg] >Ldfgn] tL; xhf/ ?k}ofF h'6fpg g;s]sf sf/0f g} rGb|f yfkf cgfjZos ?kdf cfgf] k]6 lrg{af6 hf]luPsL /lxl5g\ . klZrdf~rn If]qLo c:ktfndf k'ofOPkl5 pgsf] ck|]zg ug'{kg]{ cj:yf g/x]sf] k'li6 eof] . s]lxa]/d} pgn] ;fdfGo cj:yfd} aRrf hGdfOg\ . o; 36gfn] :jf:Yo ;+:yfjf6 dfgj :jf:Yodf x'g] Aofkf/sf] Pp6f cg'kd k/fsfi7f aflx/ cfPsf] 5 . ;Dj]bgzLn vf]h ;dfrf/sf nflu kqsf/ ;fyLx?nfO{ d awfO{ lbg rfxG5' . kLl8t rGb|f yfkfsf >Ldfgn] dfu]sf] /sd h'6fpg ;s]sf] eP rGb|f yfkfsf] ck|]zg eO;SYof] clg ToxfF ePsf] nfkjf{xLsf] s'/f aflx/ cfpg] cj:yf x'b Fg } Yof] . pQm c:ktfnn] lgsfn]sf] lj1lKtdf klg ck|]zg ug'{kg]{ eg]sf] tYonfO{ :jLsf/] s f] b] l vG5 . o;/L g} cyfx ?kdf c:ktfnleq leqL 36gf eO/x]sf 5g . clg dfgj :jf:Yodf Aofkf/, nfkjf{xL, k/LIf0f, cfP cfFk uP em6f/f] cyjf cfP afpsf] uP ;fx'sf] h:t} u/L ;kmn eP cfgf] ;kmntf / c;kmn eP Pshgf dflg;sf] Iflt x'g] t xf] eGg] cj:yfsf v]nx? cfh sltko :jf:Yo ;+:yfdf eO/x]sf 5g . xfdLn] yfx} gkfpg] u/L xfd|} :jf:Yodf slt 7"nf] v]njf8 eO/x]sf] 5 . xfd|f] b]zsf] ldl>t cy{ Joj:yfdf lzIff, :jf:Yo, ;+rf/ h:tf cfwf/e't cfjZostfsf s'/fx? klg lglhs/0fsf k|lqmofdf uO;s]sfn] To; cg'?k :jf:Yo If]q lglhs/0fsf] k|lqmofjf6 c5'tf] x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . a? ;/sf/L c:ktfnsf t'ngfdf lghL:t/af6 vf]lnPsf c:ktfn, gl;{ xf]d tyf lSnlgsx?n] al9 u'0f:t/Lo ;]jf k|bfg ul//x]sf klg e]l6G5g\ . lghL c:ktfnx? ;]jf k|jfxsf] t'ngfdf al9 d'gfkmf cfh{g ug]{ Aofkf/L ;+:yf ePsf] cf/f]k nfUg] u/]sf] s'/f cfg} 7fpFdf 5 . t/ ;fd'bflos c:ktfnsf] dd{ Tof] eGbf cln leGg 5 . ;d'bfo :t/af6 g} c:ktfn ;+rfng ug'k { g]{ x'b F f lgMz'Ns ;]jf k|jfx ;Dej 5}g . c:ktfn ;+rfng vr{ wfGg ;Sg] u/L z'Ns lgwf{/0f ug]{, ;d"bfo :t/df al9 eGbf al9 u'0f:t/Lo ;]jf k|jfx ug]{ ;fd'bflos c:ktfnsf] vf; dd{ /x]sf] 5 . :yfgLo ;d'bfo al9 nfeflGjt x'g ;s'g\ eGg] p2]Zo /fvL ;fd'bflos c:ktfnsf] :yfkgf ul/G5 . :yfgLo ;d'bfos} ;lqmo kxndf ;d'bfos} afl;Gbfx?sf] bfg, rGbf, ;xof]u cflbaf6 ;d'bflos c:ktfnsf] :yfkgf ul/G5 / To;sf] ;+rfng Pj+ /]vb]vsf] ;Dk"0f{ lhDd]jf/L :yfgLo ;d'bfod} /xG5 . :yfgLo ;d'bfos} nufgLdf :yfkgf ul/g] c:ktfn ePsf]n] g} o; k|s[ltsf c:ktfnnfO{ ;fd'bflos c:ktfn gfdfs/0f ul/Psf] xf] . sf:sLs} n]vgfydf ;fd'bflos c:ktfn :yfkgfy{ :yfgLo :t/df dxfo1 g} nufP/ rGbf ;+sng ul/Psf pbfx/0f tfh} 5g\ . rGbf lbg] :yfgLo ;dfh;]jLx?sf] cf]lx/f] nfUof] . Pp6f bDktLn] t cfkmgf] ePe/sf] ;Dk"0f{ hfoHoyf g} ;fd'bflos c:ktfn :yfkgfy{ bfg lbPsf lyP . l5d]sL tgx"F lhNnfdf klg ;fd'bflos c:ktfn :yfkgfsf o:t} pbfx/0f 5g\ . b]zsf cGo efux?df klg o:t} k|of]hgjf6 wdfwd ;fd'bflos c:ktfnx? :yfkgf eO/x]sf 5g\ . To;}n] kf]v/fsf] cleofg ;fd'bflos c:ktfnn] ;du| ;fd'bflos c:ktfnsf] dd{dfly rf]6 k'ofPsf] 5 . kf]v/fsf] gofFahf/b]lv lnP/ zflGtjg, k'/fgf] a;kfs{ x'Fb]} lzj6f]n, rf]/;fF3', :ofnb'n] Pj+ /ftf]kxL/f];Ddsf ;du| ul/a Pj+ ;'s'Daf;L a:tLx?sf nflu k[ Y jLrf] s df pQm c:ktfn lgdf{ 0 f ul/Psf] xf] . h' g ;d'bfosf nflu nlIft ] u/L ;fd' b flos clwjQmf cf]d/fh kf}8n c:ktfn lgdf{0f ul/Psf] xf], tL ;d'bfosf Pp6} JolQm;Fu pQm c:ktfnsf] ;]jf lng] Ifdtf x'g ;Sb}g eg] Tof] c:ktfnnfO{ lsg ;fd'bflos c:ktfnsf] gfd lbg] < cem} csf]{ crDdsf] s'/f t s] /Xof] eg] pQm c:ktfnn] lgwf{/0f u/]sf] ck|]zg z'Nssf] /sd ;'Gbf ;f] c:ktfn ;+rfnsx? klg 5Ss k/]sf] b[Zo aflx/ cfof] . ;~rfnsx?n] ;d]t hfgsf/L gkfpg] u/L z'Ns tf]lsg' s] cfzo xf] < clg o;df vf; lhDd]jf/ sf] xf] < ;/sf/L tyf lghL c:ktfnx?df ljleGg sf/0fn] kx'r F k'Ug g;Sg] ju{nfO{ ;d'bfo :t/d} l56f] 5l/tf], ;j{zn ' e / k|efjsf/L ;]jf pknJw u/fpg] dgzfon] ;fd'bflos c:ktfnsf] cjwf/0ff cfPsf] xf] . kf]v/fsf] d'6' k[YjLrf]sdf /x]sf] cleofg ;fd'bflos c:ktfn kf]v/fdf /x]sf sl/a %@ eGbf al9sf] ;+Vofdf /x]sf lk5l8Psf a:tL tyf ;d'bfox?sf nflu cfzfsf] s]Gb| aGg'kg]{ xf] . t/ dWod :t/sf JolQmn] ;d]t kx'r F k'ofpg g;Sg] u/L ;]jf z'Ns nufpg'sf k5fl8 lk5l8Psf] cj:yfdf /x]sf JolQmx?n] t ToxfFsf] ;]jf b]Vg;Dd gkfpg] eP, To;sf cnfjf pRr cfly{s Ifdtf ePsf JolQmx?sf nflu dfq nlIft ul/Psf] b]lvG5 . csf]t { km{ lrlsT;ssf] nfkjf{xLn] xf];\ of hgtfsf] :jf:Yodfly Jofkf/ u/L k|z:t cfly{s nfe p7fpg] p2]Zon] xf];,\ ;fdfGo cj:yfsf la/fdLnfO{ ;d]t ck|z ] g g} ul/lbg] xf] eg] c:ktfndf /fd|f] pkrf/ kfpg'sf] abnf c:ktfnjf6 kms]k { l5 ;fdfGo la/fdLsf] ;d]t csfnd} Hofg hfg] cj:yf Tof] c:ktfnn] lgDTofof] ls lgDTofPg < clg 3/5]pd} c:ktfn 5, t/ la/fdL kbf{ c:ktfnnfO{ 6'n'6'n' x]b}{ pkrf/ g} gkfO{ d[To'j/0f ug'k { g]{ cj:yf ToxL ;d'bfosf afl;Gbfx?df cfpF5 eg] ToxfF ;fd'bflos c:ktfn :yfkgf x'gs ' f] s] cy{ < cleofg ;fd'bflos c:ktfnsf lqmofsnfkx?sf af/]df oyfy{ klxrfg x'g' h?/L b]lvG5 . poudelomraj@yahoo.com

Heralo Weekly

Friday, Nov. 23, 2007

Students'Forum
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Career-Concern

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Engineering As a Career
Engineers Nature of the Work Working Conditions Training, Other Qualifications, and Advancement Employment Job Outlook Earnings Related Occupations Sources of Additional Information Significant Points Overall job opportunities in engineering are expected to be good, but will vary by specialty. A bachelor's degree is required for most entry-level jobs. Starting salaries are significantly higher than those of college graduates in other fields. Continuing education is critical for engineers wishing to enhance their value to employers as technology evolves. Nature of the Work Engineers apply the principles of science and mathematics to develop economical solutions to technical problems. Their work is the link between perceived social needs and commercial applications. Engineers consider many factors when developing a new product. For example, in developing an industrial robot, engineers precisely specify the functional requirements; design and test the robot's components; integrate the components to produce the final design; and evaluate the design's overall effectiveness, cost, reliability, and safety. This process applies to the development of many different products, such as chemicals, computers, gas turbines, helicopters, and toys. In addition to design and development, many engineers work in testing, production, or maintenance. These engineers supervise production in factories, determine the causes of component failure, and test manufactured products to maintain quality. They also estimate the time and cost to complete projects. Some move into engineering management or into sales. In sales, an engineering background enables them to discuss technical aspects and assist in product planning, installation, and use. Supervisory engineers are responsible for major components or entire projects. (See the statements on sales engineers and engineering and natural sciences managers elsewhere in the Handbook.) Engineers use computers extensively to produce and analyze designs; to simulate and test how a machine, structure, or system operates; and to generate specifications for parts. Many engineers also use computers to monitor product quality and control process efficiency. The field of nanotechnology, which involves the creation of high-performance materials and components by integrating atoms and molecules, also is introducing entirely new principles to the design process.Most engineers specialize. This section provides details on the 17 engineering specialties covered in the Federal Government's Standard Occupational Classification system and on engineering in general. Numerous specialties are recognized by professional societies, and the major branches of engineering have numerous subdivisions. Some examples include structural and transportation engineering, which are subdivisions of civil engineering; and ceramic, metallurgical, and polymer engineering, which are subdivisions of materials engineering. Engineers also may specialize in one industry, such as motor vehicles, or in one type of technology, such as turbines or semiconductor materials. Aerospace engineers design, develop, and test aircraft, spacecraft, and missiles and supervise the manufacture of these products. Those who work with aircraft are called aeronautical engineers, and those working specifically with spacecraft are astronautical engineers. Aerospace engineers develop new technologies for use in aviation, defense systems, and space exploration, often specializing in areas such as structural design, guidance, navigation and control, instrumentation and communication, or production methods. They also may specialize in a particular type of aerospace product, such as commercial aircraft, military fighter jets, helicopters, spacecraft, or missiles and rockets, and may become experts in aerodynamics, thermodynamics, celestial mechanics, propulsion, acoustics, or guidance and control systems. Agricultural engineers apply knowledge of engineering technology and science to agriculture and the efficient use of biological resources. (See biological scientists and agricultural and food scientists elsewhere in the Handbook.) They design agricultural machinery and equipment and agricultural structures. Some specialize in areas such as power systems and machinery design; structures and environment engineering; and food and bioprocess engineering. They develop ways to conserve soil and water and to improve the processing of agricultural products. Agricultural engineers often work in research and development, production, sales, or management. Biomedical engineers develop devices and procedures that solve medical and health-related problems by combining their knowledge of biology and medicine with engineering principles and practices. Many do research, along with life scientists, chemists, and medical scientists, to develop and evaluate systems and products such as artificial organs, prostheses (artificial devices that replace missing body parts), instrumentation, medical information systems, and health management and care delivery systems. (See biological scientists, medical scientists, and chemists and materials scientists elsewhere in the Handbook.) Biomedical engineers may also design devices used in various medical procedures, imaging systems such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and devices for automating insulin injections or controlling body functions. Most engineers in this specialty need a sound background in another engineering specialty, such as mechanical or electronics engineering, in addition to specialized biomedical training. Some specialties within biomedical engineering include biomaterials, biomechanics, medical imaging, rehabilitation engineering, and orthopedic engineering. Chemical engineers apply the principles of chemistry to solve problems involving the production or use of chemicals and biochemicals. They design equipment and processes for large-scale chemical manufacturing, plan and test methods of manufacturing products and treating byproducts, and supervise production. Chemical engineers also work in a variety of manufacturing industries other than chemical manufacturing, such as those producing energy, electronics, food, clothing, and paper. They also work in healthcare, biotechnology, and business services. Chemical engineers apply principles of chemistry, physics, mathematics, and mechanical and electrical engineering. (See chemists and materials scientists, physicists and astronomers, and mathematicians elsewhere in the Handbook.) Some may specialize in a particular chemical process, such as oxidation or polymerization. Others specialize in a particular field, such as materials science, or in the development of specific products. They must be aware of all aspects of chemicals manufacturing and how the manufacturing process affects the environment and the safety of workers and consumers. Civil engineers design and supervise the construction of roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and water supply and sewage systems. They must consider many factors in the design process, from the construction costs and expected lifetime of a project to government regulations and potential environmental hazards such as earthquakes. Civil engineering, considered one of the oldest engineering disciplines, encompasses many specialties. The major specialties are structural, water resources, construction, environmental, transportation, and geotechnical engineering. Many civil engineers hold supervisory or administrative positions, from supervisor of a construction site to city engineer. Others may work in design, construction, research, and teaching. Computer hardware engineers research, design, develop, test, and oversee the installation of computer hardware and supervise its manufacture and installation. Hardware refers to computer chips, circuit boards, computer systems, and related equipment such as keyboards, modems, and printers. (Computer software engineers-often simply called computer engineers-design and develop the software systems that control computers. These workers are covered elsewhere in the Handbook.) The work of computer hardware engineers is very similar to that of electronics engineers, but, unlike electronics engineers, computer hardware engineers work exclusively with computers and computer-related equipment. The rapid advances in computer technology are largely a result of the research, development, and design efforts of computer hardware engineers. Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacture of electrical equipment. Some of this equipment includes electric motors; machinery controls, lighting, and wiring in buildings; automobiles; aircraft; radar and navigation systems; and power-generating, -controlling, and transmission devices used by electric utilities. Although the terms "electrical" and "electronics" engineering often are used interchangeably in academia and industry, electrical engineers have traditionally focused on the generation and supply of power, whereas electronics engineers have worked on applications of electricity to control systems or signal processing. Electrical engineers specialize in areas such as power systems engineering or electrical equipment manufacturing. to be continued..............

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and I treasure you and our love. I truly believe you were sent to me from above. I know it's not nearly enough, but here are one hundred and four roses for you. In celebration of our love. Wherever you go; No matter what you do, Remember that I love you! Pranish Shrestha, Hospital Chowk, Pokhara

MY LOVE
Do you know how much I love you? I love you more than the heaven, more than the stars. Your beauty is greater than one thousand red roses. And I want to thank you for bringing the splendor of a garden full of roses to my life. When you're near I forget all my strife... You changed my life for the better,

Singer Profile Marshall Bruce Mathers III The Slim Shady Pratyush
The man otherwise known as Junior was christened Marshall Bruce Mathers III, and was born October 17, 1972, in Kansas City, MO. While raised by his mother, traveling from one trailer park to another was the only tune Junior was singing. His single mother would move her son from Kansas City to Warren, Michigan, only to finally settle down in the East Side of Detroit when Junior was 12. Thanks to a childhood tainted by constant moving around and a broken family, Junior was a surprisingly quiet child, and delved mostly into comics and TV. While a student at Lincoln Junior High School and Osbourne High School, Junior's interests moved onto '80s rap such as 2 Live Crew, LL Cool J and NWA, and he began to open up more in the form of rapping and rhyming. But as a white rapper singing predominantly "black" music, Junior got into many fights while in school. Despite his rhyming talents, Junior didn't spend much of his time actually studying, and after mastering the art of skipping school, the teenage delinquent dropped out altogether. He spent his time working several minimum-wage jobs, while concentrating on rapping. After contributing his rapping skills to groups such as Basement Productions and Sole Intent, and establishing a reputation for himself as the only white rapper taking to the Detroit "talent night" microphones, the master rhymer released a solo independent album, Infinite, in 1996. Junior did not see the success he's enjoying now; in fact, he received no more than negative comments and criticism. Not discouraged to keep trying, despite hurtful negativity, Junior continued to appear in shows and on radio stations in Detroit, and eventually was mentioned in the Source's "Unsigned Hype" column and won the 1997 Wake Up Show Freestyle Performer of the year award. He participated in the Coalition's 1997 "Rap Olympics" in LA, where he ranked second place, after he gave someone from the Rap Coalition a copy of his debut, Infinite. After former NWA member Dr. Dre heard Junior's skills on an LA radio station, he was convinced that he wanted to work with the freestyler. In 1999, The Slim Shady LP was released, containing songs such as "My Name Is..." and his collaboration with Dre, "Guilty Conscience". The album debuted at No. 3 on the Billboard Album charts, and has since gone three times platinum, which is nothing compared to the success he would see with his next release.

Chock-full of award recognition, what with an MTV Video Music Award for Best New Artist, and 2 Grammys (one for Rap Solo Performance for "My Name Is...", another for Best Rap Album), Junior went back to the studio. When Junior's The Marshall Mathers LP was released in 2000, Junior quickly became the star of the year. The album sold 2 million copies in its first week of release, and it stayed put as number one on the charts for a firm 8 weeks. Spawning huge hits such as "The Real Slim Shady" (which triggered an ongoing war with bubble gum pop princesses Britney Spearsand Christina Aguilera, "The Way I Am" and "Stan" (which catapulted the career of trip-hop artist Dido, Junior's selftitled LP deserved all the recognition it received, despite the controversy. The multi-platinum selling artist received the Grammy for Best Rap Solo Performance for "The Real Slim Shady", Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group for "Forgot About Dre" (he collaborated on Dre's single), and the Best Rap Album of the Year Award, in 2001. He also didn't fail to plug his proteges, the group D-12, whose members came up with him as he accepted an award. Junior was also a winner at the 2001 Brit Awards, where he nabbed the award for Best International Male Artist. Despite the controversy surrounding Junior's vulgar and suggestive lyrics, not to mention negative press such as being sued by his mother, his wife (and mother of his daughter Hailie Jade) filing for divorce, being charged with gun possession, as well as his wife's suicide attempt, and pretty much being despised by everyone in the free world, it's hard to ignore Junior's sheer talent as a lyricist, and musician.

Heralo Weekly

Friday, Nov. 23, 2007

Analysis of 'Nation and Nationalism since 1780'


Dilip Rana_________________ nationalism but they are not the not Nation and nationalism are two the only elements. powerful but confusing concepts. Hobsbawm finds it impossible They are powerful because it has "to reduce even 'nationality' to a led many nations to war and single dimension, whether political violence. Their concepts are cultural or otherwise (unless, of confusing because they are course, obliged to do so by force experienced, understood, majeure of states)"4. Hence he scrutinized and interpreted comes to the conclusion that differently by people according to nationalism is multidimensional in their own spectrum of knowledge. its truest form. He gives example of E.J Hobsbawm in his book 'Nation a British Indian. A British Indian is and Nationalism since 1780' tries citizen of Britain but his religion to explain these two convoluted could be Hinduism, Islam, concepts. Christianity, Jainism or Hobsbawm uses books such Sikhism .While in India he may as 'nation building' by Walter speak in his local language such as Bagehot, A.D Smith's 'Nationalism, Gujarati, Bengali or Punjabi than John Stuart Mill's 'Representative Hindi.While in India he may Government' and Ernest introduce himself nationalism is according to his Renan's 'What is a nation?' in an attempt to than implanted in caste understand these according to what citizens' psy- his British passport concepts. He also gives space to leftist views by chology through propagates. On the referring to the debates other hand he may between Kautsky, education, media introduce himself in Luxemburg, Otto Bauer and other social Britain only as a and Lenin on what the British Indian than Marxists call 'The National norms which are according to his question'. the medium of religious, linguistic His attempt to find or caste identity. state's propa- Citizens the definition of nation may through nineteenth century identify themselves ganda. Although in anyway they want political literature disappoints him because Hobsbawm does but citizens of a he finds in it "very little nation has not quote or modern other than nationalist and some obligations to even mention the state. These racist rhetoric"1 He finds the definition of Joseph may be the name of obligations Stalin most relevant2 "not tax, following the law so much for its modest, Antonio Gramsci or even more severe but negligible - if somewhat called but he uses obligations derivative - intellectual political obligation. merits, but rather for its Gramci's con- Hosbawa gives subsequent political example of political cept of 'hege- obligation by saying: i n f l u e n c e " 3 . St a l i n ' s definition highlights mony' to say " political duties language, territory , history of Ruritanians to the that the state polity and economic life as the which prime characteristics that and it's ruling encompasses and makes a nation. Hosbawa represents the elites create a Ruritanian nation, uses Stalin definition and tests its relevancy by dominant cul- which overrides all applying it to the Tamil other public ture which obligations" and nationalism in Sri Lanka. Tamils are minority makes normal further adds "and in community in Sri Lanka extreme cases people loyal to (such as wars) all who have their own glorious history, distinct linguistic the state de- other obligations of identity and unsurpassed whatever kind. This spite the state i m p l i c a t i o n classical heritage that is distinct from the island's being not for d i s t i n g u i s h e s Singhalese ethnic modern nationalism them but for from all other less majority. This distinctness Hobsbawm advocates is the extreme demanding forms of what propelled Tamils to national or group minority -the identification which develop their own version of nationalism and elite class. we shall also eventually the fierce encounter."5 separatist movement. However The obligation to the state is Hobsbawm is not sure if the above found in every nation. However mentioned facts are the only according to Hobsbawm neither the ingredients for the Tamil obligation to the nation nor the nation nationalism. He is ambivalent itself is very old in human history. because Tamil society is Hoswas says"I do not regard the heterogeneous. There are 'nation' as a primary nor as an indigenous Sri Lankan Tamils and unchanging social entity. It belongs migrant Tamils in the island who exclusively to a particular, and are different in their tradition, historically recent, period."6 dialects, history and beliefs. Even Hobsbawm advocates that among these groups there are caste nations do not make nationalism but groups who have very little in it is the opposite. According to him common with other Tamils. On the nationalism is implanted in citizens' other hand 41 percent of the Tamils psychology through education, in the island prefer to identify media and other social norms which themselves as Muslims rather than are the medium of state's as Tamils. Hobsbawm finds it propaganda. Although Hobsbawm difficult to uncover the answer of does not quote or even mention the what constituted the formation of name of Antonio Gramsci but he Tamil nationalism and will Sri uses Gramci's concept of Lankan Tamils be able to form a 'hegemony' to say that the state and separate nation on the basis of it's ruling elites create a dominant common language, similar history culture which makes normal people and tradition? He is reluctant to loyal to the state despite the state answer but advocates that common being not for them but for the history, common language and extreme minority -the elite class. common beliefs are important factor Hobsbawm supports the theory of that constitutes nation and hegemony by saying "I would stress the element if artifact, invention and social engineering which enters into the making of nations. 'Nations as a natural , God-given way of classifying men, as inherent political destiny , are a myth ; nationalism , which sometimes takes pre-existing cultures and turns them into nations ,sometimes invents them, and often obliterates pre-existing cultures: that is a reality."7 Hobsbawm argues that nations are not old institution as most people believed but are relatively modern. He argues that through hegemony the elite culture which includes nationalism is imposed on people through a clandestine medium so that people will not be aware of the false norms they are being forced to accept. Are people simpletons that they will accept any norms that elite class invents? If they are then how do we explain that the some people in North Korea tries to escape it despite being told from their childhood that their country is supreme and perfect and no one should leave it without the state's permission. Concept of hegemony seems too simple. Why did millions of people obeyed the request of Mahatma Gandhi? Gandhi didn't controlled media and education. He was not a Bengali but like other Indians, Bengalis also followed him, why? It could not possibly be hegemony alone. Uneducated peasants, workers and educated academics (like Nehru) followed Gandhi, why? Perhaps it was because he revived their faith in human goodness or perhaps it was because he was the physical proof of what they read in religious books. Conclusion Common history, common language, common traditions and hegemony maybe some important elements to make a nation but I think there is one element that is more important than these and that is- leadership that can generate hope. Hope brings people together. If there was leader in Sri Lanka that could have assured Tamils that they will live as equal as Singhalese then perhaps there would have been no insurrection there. There are huge ideological difference between Gandhi and Mao but one common action both of them performed was that both of them were good in giving hope to people hence people followed them. Without a brilliant leadership a nation cannot be formed. Finally what I personally like about Hobsbawm is that he says: "Nationalism requires too much belief in what is patently not so,getting its history wrong is part of being a nationhistorians are professionally obliged not to get it wrong, or at least make an effort to".8 The above expression lucidly reveals his commitment to truth. However I think he should have gone one-step further and declare that historian's duty is also to deconstruct myths that are created by nationalists and all types of opportunists. Now days in Nepal everyone is saying that federal state structure would be better for Nepal. Some even go further and say that federal state structure based of ethnicity would be better for Nepal. We know this is a myth. Federal state structure based on ethnicity would only instigate communal nationalism and could lead to social strife. However political leaders and social scientist have not even started to deconstruct this myth.

Brad Pitt Hollywood Actor Biography


Although Brad Pitt is first and YUDDY foremost an actor, over the past few years he's gained more press for his off-screen activities. His breakup with wife Jennifer Aniston and subsequent relationship with Angelina Jolie made headlines all over the world. However, as fascinating as his personal life may be, Brad Pitt's journey to stardom is equally compelling. Brad Pitt was born William Bradley Pitt on December 18, 1963, in Shawnee, Oklahoma. Shortly after he was born, the family moved to Springfield, Missouri. At Kickapoo High School, Brad played golf, basketball, and tennis, and was a member of the school's swim team, choir, drama club, and debate team. He also participated in school government. Brad graduated in 1982, and attended the University of Missouri where he studied journalism and Oscar for Best Supporting Actor in Twelve advertising. He was a member of Monkeys. More roles followed, including Sigma Chi fraternity, and although he the 1997 epic, Seven Years in Tibet, in acted in some of the fraternity's shows, which he starred with David Thewlis. Brad seemed more interested in music than Pitt was now one the biggest stars in acting. But in 1986, with only two Hollywood, and was paid over $17 million credits left to graduate and $325 in his for Meet Joe Black, where he teamed up pocket, he left school and headed for once again with Anthony Hopkins. Soon after, he stared in Fight Club with Edward California. Pitt worked as a chauffeur, pool boy, Norton. But Pitt's marriage to Friends star and appliances delivery man. He also Jennifer Aniston in 2000 elevated him even higher, and the Pitts quickly became donned a chicken suit and handed out cigarette samples for Hollywood's golden couple. More movies followed, including Snatch El Pollo Loco restaurant. At the same time, he studied acting with Roy and The Mexican, in which he starred with London, and before long the acting jobs Julia Roberts. However, The Mexican was began to develop. In 1987, he had small panned by the critics as was Spy Game, parts in Less Than Zero and No Man's which followed. Fortunately, his inclusion in 2001's Ocean's 11, alongside George Land starring Charlie Sheen. Brad appeared on numerous TV Clooney, Matt Damon, Andy Garcia, and shows, including Head of the Class, Julia Roberts, propelled him back to the where he met Robin Givens, whom he top of the Hollywood heap. For the next three years, Brad Pitt all dated for a while. He also turned up on Growing Pains, Thirtysomething, 21 but disappeared. He returned in 2004 in Jump Street, Another World, and Troy and Ocean's 12. Then, in 2004, Brad Freddy's Nightmare. He appeared on teamed up with Angelina Jolie on Mr. and three episodes of Dallas, which led to a Mrs. Smith. During filming, rumors were relationship with co-star Shalane McCall. rampant that the co-stars were more than Brad's first supporting role in a movie just friends. While they denied these was in Cutting Class. He began dating rumors, Jennifer Aniston was not actress Keanu Reeve's ex, Jill convinced, and in January 2005 she filed Schoelen. His first starring role was for a separation. The couple were divorced in 1988's The Dark Side of the Sun, in October 2005. Although Brad continued to deny any which was shot in Yugoslavia. Unfortunately, war broke out, and the romantic relationship with Angelina, they footage was lost for nearly ten years. were photographed together constantly. The But Brad Pitt was already on a roll. rumors proved to be true, however, when, in He landed a role in a 1990 made-for- 2006, Brad adopted her two children. On TV movie called Too Young to Die, co- May 27, 2006, Angelina gave birth to their starring Juliette Lewis. The two paired first child, Shiloh Nouvel Jolie-Pitt. up off screen and their Log on relationship lasted three years. www.saranepal.com After a short stint on For News Views, Articles, Entertainment & More the TV show Glory Days, Find Friends and Chat @ Brad landed a supporting New Nepal Messenger Via role in 1991's Thelma www.saranepal.com and Louise with Geena Connecting Nepal ! Davis and Susan Sarandon. More roles followed, including Robert Redford's A River Lakeside-6, Pokhara Runs Through It, (Opposite to Standard Chartered Bank) Legends of the Fall with Anthony Hopkins, and Service: Se7en, in which he State of the art exhibition starred with Morgan and sales Hall Freeman and Gwyneth Contemparary paintings Paltrow, who became sculpture his off-screen lady as Art events well. The couple was Art classes engaged, but broke up Art related service in 1997. Contact: E-mail: agallery2007@gmail.com In 1995, Brad was Cell Mob: 9846036956 nominated for his first

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Friday, Nov. 23, 2007

10 Signs You Should Dump Him by New Year's


Having doubts about your dude? Read on to find out if you should give him the boot before New Year's. Photo: Joe Schmelzer 1. When you ask to speak to him about moving in, he schedules the talk for June 2008. 2. Each time after sex, he grabs a private notebook from his bag and scribbles something in it, giggling. 3. His friends call him by the nickname of Cheaty McGee. 4. He loves to touch you and kiss you and will do so just as soon as he powers up and finishes killing these level-four zombies. Die, video zombies, die! 5. His ring tone is "Baby Got Back." 6. The guy's elaborate excuse for not spending the holidays together includes training for an Ironman competition. 7. Mr. Reality still entertains the idea that he could be a "stripper choreographer."

Movie Review
Shravya Parajuli
Sanjay Leela Bhansali, the name itself epitomizes the pinnacle of immaculate style in modern Indian cinema with an unparallel exuberance that one can anticipate on big screen. Besides his immaculately pristine visual perception, his films have always been high on emotional quotient and have often forayed into human relationships with great emotional depth in a backdrop of aesthetically sketched out cultural embellishments. Exotic and platonic to the core, 'Saawariya' foretells the tale of two lovers in a backdrop of larger than life scintillating surroundings. It has been set in a palette of blues and greens in all its frames and scenes with the reflection of the shades on the paved floors, pavements, streets, bars and rooftops in making it a desired dream world to aspire. Like all his previous visual spectacles, it's a story of a lonesome man who fades away in the moonlight on the deserted streets that reflect the poetry in motion? Despite all its lavish spectacles in all frames, Bhansali dares pitch in a realistically painful and sad love story to conservative Indian audiences with two unknown faces in author backed lead roles. Bhansali being an ardent "literature aficionado" inspires this four nights love saga from the famous works of Fyodor Dostoevsky's short story - "White Nights". After 'Devdas' (inspired from Sarat Chandra Chatterjee's famous novel "Devdas") and 'Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam' (inspired from Bernard Shaw's "Candida"), this stunning sentimental is a great inspirational lift from Fyodor. "White Nights" was first adapted to film by the acclaimed Italian director Luchino Visconti and later by French director Robert Bresson as 'Four Nights of a Dreamer'. This eighteenth century heartwarming story is about love, dreams, happiness, and loss. The main character of 'Saawariya' (Ranbir Kapoor) is a dreamer and romantic to the core, much like Dostoevsky's lead character. Bhansali's well crafted narration makes him fall in love with the mystical charm of depressed and isolated girl (Sonam Kapoor), much like Dostoevsky's "Natenska", with great visual aplomb. First, let's get straight into theatricals before looking at its technical finesse and musical brilliance. Bhansali's 'Saawariya', an artistically sketched sad love story, opens up in a fairy tale town where narrator (Rani Mukherjee playing prostitute "Gulab") correlates her heart-felt sentiments about his beloved "Saawariya". This "Saawariya" is a happy go lucky bar singer Ranbir Raj (Ranbir Kapoor). It is on this special evening when he sings his most beloved track to her, showcasing his zest for real love and optimism in life. The film now swivels into an opera styled narration where Raj meets isolated young girl Sakina (Sonam Kapoor) in the night. It was a delightful night where he meets her on the bridge and then follows her. The friendship blossoms and finally they exchange their identities and experiences with each other. Raj has disciplinarian landlady Miss Lillian (Zohra Sehgal) while Sakina lives in the shadow of her old grand mother (Begum Para). Sakina's painful experience of meeting with her tenant Imaan (Salman Khan) and then facing isolation proves to be a shocking occurrence to Raj. Initially, Raj thinks that's it's a crafted story but finally realizes its authenticity. It ends up

Saawariya
on a distressing note where Sakina chooses her love interest (Salman Khan) over her best soul-mate (Ranbir Kapoor). In between, there are episodes where Ranbir burns Sonam's letter, Sonam falls in love with Salman and Ranbir takes refuge into Rani's home. The striking feature of the film is its beautiful cinematic depiction rather than its conventionally placed author backed narration lifting the standards of contemporary commercial Indian cinema. 'Saawariya' has great aces up its sleeves and the film can simply occasion in almost every frame of the be adjudged as one of the finest film. From designing Mughal costumes visual treats that have ever visited for (Sonam Kapoor, Salman Khan, Indian cinema. The film has Begum Para), Anglo Indian (Ranbir picturesque backdrop of blue and Kapoor), Colonial British (Zohra Sehgal green color palettes in which the ) and Hindu costumes (Rani Mukherjee) delightfully vibrant town is painted. in different colorful shades and designs, The creation of larger than life it has been perfect indeed. Monty Buddha on the lake side, buzzing Sharma's music and background score streets with colorful neon signs, is soulful visual melody and poetry that walls painted with peacocks and works logically with the pace of the film. lotuses, RK logo featuring on bar, The complete musical show was silent bridge to silence water spectacular, both in harmony as well where it rained and snowed as the as in visuals. The soundtracks like seasons changed were "Saawariya", "Jab Se Tere Naina" and breathtaking visuals that make it "Yoon Shabnami" have already been big chartbusters and there is much to follow big on-screen visual treat. The significant bell and the town in coming days. Dialogues and facing visuals where girl (Sonam) screenplay (Prakash Kapadia and correlates her estranged love saga Sanjay Leela Bhansali) are modest, are visuals of international standards. gratifying and fulfill the emotional The film has rich Mughal cultural quotient of the film. Debutante Ranbir Kapoor and Sonam impact where moist walls, crystal chandelier, pink and purple lotuses Kapoor prove to be worthy newcomers and a mirror mosaic staircase picture and can be counted for awards in the best magical spells. Finally, the last visual newcomer's category this year. Ranbir frame has deepening of attractive shows flair of being a good actor and blue and green shades where snow emotes appreciably in depicting all falls over the bridge with the sentiments of his character. His flashy beautifully carved boat below, hooked costumes coupled with his alluring to the bank, depicting the innermost physical appearance make him perfect sentiments of a distressed beloved. choice for the role. Sonam Kapoor delivers It speaks out volumes about the a modestly scripted charming role of a painful suffering of dreamer demure girl that requires loads of "Saawariya" when her love falls into perseverance, determination and flair. She his beloved's arms. It was an delivers a perfect look and matches well impeccable experience as the with Ranbir's spontaneity in every frame. sentimental hues of Monty's brilliant Rani Mukherjee is brilliant once again music were infused in such beautiful and lives up to the high standards. surroundings as to evoke sympathy Salman Khan essays a brief but pivotal for this lovable dreamer. Bhansali is role and maintains his perfect track a winner! Art directors - Omung record with the director Bhansali. Zohra Kumar and Vanita - deserve to be Sehgal is a revelation again after her applauded for conceptualizing impressive performance in 'Cheeni Kum' Bhansali's visionary outlooks into while Begum Para lives up to her such a magnanimous town with all character with desired dexterity. Commercially speaking, Bhansali's vibrant colors and shades. Ravi K Chandran (Cinematographer) proves 'Saawariya' will be opening to modest to be another big ace for this houses as compared to SRK's 'Om Shanti dreamer's lost paradise saga. His Om' but will positively be going up in coming crafted lightening effects made weekends. It's likely to be one of the actors into artistic shades in their biggest grosser of this year but will have to physical appearances during battle out for supremacy at the box office changing phases of the story and with 'Om Shanti Om'. All credits to situations. 'Saawariya' has Sanjay Leela Bhansali and his cast and exclusively been shot indoors and crew for showcasing their consistency is the story of four nights and every and precision in conceiving another night carries distinctive appeal in its visual spectacle with an unconventional breathtaking visuals. It was first time theme! After soulfully conceived in Hindi cinema that there was usage 'Black', this film promises to be another of space lights that gel well with CT winner in all segments of cinema, so Blue to deliver a cool night feel to have a nice weekend with a film that give the feel of "sanvla" color of boasts high standards of quality work "Saawariya" (synonym of Lord in Indian cinema. Great Job!! Krishna). On the contrary, the film has gful/s kqsfl/tf dark unlit quality for the night that every scene looks like a ;fKtflxs silent painting rather than a regular visual. It's indeed a big leap in technical section of o; x]/fnf] /fli6o ;fKtflxs klqsfsf] Hindi cinema and it's f cfkm"nfO{ bIf a rare occasion when ;Dkfbs cfjZos ePsf] x'b the style has ;Demg] hf] sf]xL kf]v/fdf :yfoL a;f]af; ug]{ superseded substance in a big g]kfnL gful/sn] cfj]bg ug{ ;Sg]5g\ . ;Dks{ way. Costumes (Rajesh ubf{ Ps k|lt kmf]6f] / cfkm\gf] afof]8f6f x]/fnf] Pratap Singh, Reza sfof{nodf cfj]bg ug{ cg'/f]w ul/G5 . Shariffi, and Anuradha Vakil Costume Designer) have lived up to the %@@%## kf]v/f$, u}x|fkf6g, ;f3'sf] d'v, kmf]gM )^! )^!%@@%##

8. He's already written a scathing tell-all memoir of your relationship-and you've only been dating for two months. 9. He calls your mom "Mrs. Robinson" and stares at her way too intensely. 10. The big spender usually splurges and buys you awesome gifts, so it'd be a real shame to dump him before Christmas.

What Makes Men Fall in Love

"My Guy's Red-Hot Holiday Surprise"


Readers share how their men went all out to make the season naughty and nice. Photo: Tamara Schlesinger "Marty and I are from the same hometown, so heading home for the holidays is never an issue. Unfortunately, where to stay always is. One year, to avoid any arguments with our respective parents, we checked into a hotel. After spending half of Christmas day with my family and then the evening with Marty's parents, we went back to our room and exchanged gifts. Since Marty is a huge hip-hop fan, I surprised him with two tickets to an upcoming concert. Then he handed me my present. I opened it to find a gorgeous necklace. Marty smiled and said, 'The rule is you can wear only that for the rest of the night.' " -Brianna, 28 "My boyfriend, Trey, and I were in a longdistance relationship, which was tough. Last Christmas, I was supposed to spend the week with him, but instead I got stuck having to work and had to cancel my plans. So Trey decided to go to visit his parents. The night before he was supposed to leave, he told me that my present would be arriving the next day, on Christmas Eve. When I got home from work that day, a package was sitting outside my door. I immediately ripped it open and found a red satin nightie and a note from Trey that read 'Wear this tonight and think of me.' I slipped it on before bed and fell asleep. Hours later, I woke up to someone stroking my hair. It was Trey! He laughed and said he didn't want me to spend the holidays all alone so he had changed his flight so he could be with me. It turned out to be a much hotter holiday than the one I had initially planned on." -Tricia, 31 "Xander, is a great guy, but he's not particularly romantic. He usually just has me pick something out, and then he'll pay for it. Last Christmas, I told him that I wanted him to surprise me, which clearly made him nervous. On the day of, he told me to meet him later that night. When I got to his place, he had a fire going and had laid out a blanket and a bucket with chilled champagne. He walked over and handed me a heavy, square gift, which looked like it would be a boring book. I was wishing I'd agreed to pick out my own gift again, but when I opened it, it turned out to be the

There's into you, and then there's head-over-heels gaga. These little things tip a man over that edge. Photo: Tamara Schlesinger

It's a baffling question: Is there some specific moment or event that makes a guy suddenly decide "Yes, I think I love her"? Well, the answer isn't clear-cut, but there are some general principles. "Men have certain innate needs that must be met before they truly feel connected to you," says Paul Dobransky, MD, author of The Secret Psychology of How We Fall in Love. "When a guy realizes, consciously or not, that you're ideal on all these levels, that's when he'll commit." Boiled down, guys have four primal relationship desires that are sometimes sated by the tiniest of moves by you. Here, experts explain with examples so you can put these insights to use when your guy is at the brink.

Kama Sutra! Xander said that as my present he would basically offer himself to me as my sex servant and agree to try any position that I picked. So we spent the rest of the night experimenting." -Hannah, 29 "After we graduated from college in Arizona, my boyfriend, Wade, got a job in Chicago, so we moved up there. The city was great in the summer, but once it started getting cold, I was miserable. We were saving money to try to get back to the desert for the holidays, but it didn't work out. I decided to make the best of our time off and look at the bright side: At least we'd have a relaxing holiday. On Christmas morning, Wade asked me to open my gift. It was a string bikini, which was adorable, but I told him I obviously wouldn't be using it for a long time. He smiled and said that I'd actually be able to wear it that night. As it turned out, he had booked us a room at a local resort that had a heated indoor pool and a hot tub. He said he felt bad that we couldn't make it to a warmer spot, but that this was the next-best thing. Since it was the holidays, there was basically no one at the resort, and we had the whole pool to ourselves. And believe me, we made very good use of it."-Tanya, 23 "I had been eyeing a gorgeous cashmere blanket for a few weeks, but with all of the holiday gifts I had to buy, there was no way I could afford it. My fianc, Lou, was also strapped for cash, so I knew it was very unlikely he'd get it for me. A few days before Christmas, I had a small tree-trimming party. After everyone left, I asked Lou to fix a shelf in my bedroom that was lopsided. Twenty minutes later, he asked me to come make sure the shelf looked okay. When I walked in, Lou was standing there wearing nothing but the cashmere blanket! With a huge grin, he asked if I wanted to open my gift. Of course, I wasted no time 'thanking' him."-Alexis, 25

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There can be no press freedom if Journalists exist in conditions of corruption poverty or fear.