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Adjectives: Lesson 1: Limiting Adjectives

Noun: person, place, thing, or idea

Examples: boy, park, book, freedom
Adjective: a word that describes or points to a noun
Examples: happy boy, sunny park, interesting book, blessed freedom
Limiting Adjectives: These adjectives dont really describe things in detail; they just point out nouns.
They answer: Which one? Whose? How much?
Limiting Adjectives may be:
1. Articles: a, an, the
Examples: a book, an apple, the tree

2. Demonstratives: this, that, those, these
Examples: this book, that apple, those shoes, these trees

3. Numbers:
Examples: ten books, thirty apples, seven women

4. Possessive Pronouns: his, her, their, our, its, your, my
Examples: his book, her sofa, their house, our car, its claws, your sink, my radio

5. Possessive Nouns: Anyone or anythings name with an apostrophe, as long as it is describing a noun.
Examples: Toms car, dogs tail, cars tires

6. Indefinites: some, few, many, several, no, any, (there are more!)
Examples: some candy, few drivers, many toys, several students, no ice cream, any chocolate

Pronoun: A word that takes the place of a noun.
Example: This is cool. (this is a pronoun)

Be careful! For the above list of determiners to be adjectives, they must point to a noun. If they do not,
then they may be pronouns, not adjectives!
Example: This cord is frayed. (This=adjective; it is pointing to the noun cord)
This is frayed. (This = pronoun; it is taking the place of the noun cord)

Adjectives: Lesson 2: Descriptive Adjectives

Descriptive Adjectives: Adjectives that really describe nouns, instead of just pointing to them like limiting
Common Suffixes for Descriptive Adjectives:
Note: A suffix is a word part that comes at the end of a word.
able/ible-remarkable, incredible

Adjectives: Lesson 3: Proper Adjectives

Proper nouns: Nouns that name specific persons, places, or things. They must be capitalized.
Examples: Elvis, Bible, Switzerland, China, Mickey Mouse

Proper Adjectives: Adjectives that are made out of proper nouns.
Examples: Biblical, Swiss, Chinese

Proper adjectives are always capitalized, but the nouns they describe are not.
Example: Swiss cheese
Elvis movie
Biblical quotation
Mickey Mouse hat
Chinese food

Adjectives: Lesson 4: Predicate Adjectives

Linking Verbs: a verb that doesn't show action; it links a subject to something else in the sentence.
The most common linking verbs: is am are was were
Examples: She is tall. She was a teacher.

Substitution trick: If you can substitute the verb or verb phrase with is, am, are,
was, or were, then the verb is a linking verb.
Example: She had remained calm. -> She was calm. (had remained is a linking verb)

Common linking verbs: to seem, to remain, to become, to stay, to appear, to grow, to feel, to sound,
to taste, to smell
Remember to use the substitution trick to tell if a verb is a linking verb!

Adjective: a word that describes a noun.
Predicate Adjective (PA): 1. An adjective
2. It follows a linking verb
3. The predicate adjective describes the subject of the sentence.

Example: Mrs. Batsford became sleepy. (sleepy = PA) -> sleepy describes the subject Mrs. Batsford.
The winners of the race were thirsty and hungry. (thirsty, hungry = PA) -> thirsty & hungrydescribe
the subject winners.

Adjectives: Lesson 5: Degrees of Adjectives

Degrees of Adjectives: adjectives that make comparisons

There are 2 degrees of adjectives:
1. Comparative
2. Superlative
Comparative Adjectives:
compare 2 nouns
are formed by adding er to the adjective if it is no more than 2 syllables.
Example: high = higher
If the word has more than 2 syllables, place more or less before the adjective.
Examples: She is more beautiful than her sister. She is less beautiful than her cousin.
The words good and bad have special forms in the comparative
Examples: good = better bad = worse
Superlative Adjectives:
Compare 3 or more nouns
Are formed by adding est to the adjective if it is no more than 2 syllables
Example: high=highest
If the word has more than 2 syllables, place most or least before the adjective
Examples: She is the most beautiful of all the girls at school, but he is the least handsome of all the
boys at school.
The words good and bad have special forms in the superlative:
Examples: good = best bad = worst