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SYDNEY TECHNICAL HIGH SCHOOL

MATHEMATICS EXTENSION 2

HSC ASSESSMENT TASK 1


MARCH 2009

General Instructions

Working time allowed - 70 minutes


Write using black or blue pen
Approved calculators may be used
All necessary working should be shown
Start each question on a new page
Attempt all questions
All questions are of equal value

NAME: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

Question

Question

Question
3

Total

QUESTION 1

a)

Mark

Let

ex: = 5 - 3 i and {3=2+i

(i)

Find

ex: +{3

0::

(i i)

Find

(iii)

If z

f3

in the fonn x + iy

= x + iy,

sketch the regi on defined by Im(z ex:)

The complex number z = 1 + 2i is a ro ot of the equation


where a and b are real numbers.

b)

c)

(i)

Find the values of a and b

(ii)

Find the other root of the equation

Z2 -

aiz

+b=

Sketch the region defined by

d)

<

<

Iz - (1

Letz

+ i.J3I<2

and 0 ~ argz ~~

~ +..!:..

J2

J2

(i)

Express z in modulus - argument fonn

(ii)

Hence or otherwise show that z is a root of the equation

(iii)

Find the other roots of

(iv)

Find the side length of the square formed by plotting the solutions to part (iii)

Z4

Z4 =

-1

= -1

on an Argand diagram and joining them together.

Question 2

a)

Find the gradient of the tangent to the curve x 3 + y3 - 3xy = 3 at the point (1,2)

b)

MARK

M' ~ ................... .
M
0

s'

d'
The point P (xo, yo) lies on the hyperbola
x2

y2

--

16
r-~

tangent to the hyperbola at P cuts the x axis at T and has equation

XaX _ yay

16

=1

The two foci of the hyperbola are 5 and 5', and the two directrices are d and d'. The points
M and M' are the closest points to P on the directrices d and d'.

(i)

Find the co ordinates of the foci

(ii)

Find the equations of the directrices

(iii)

Show that T has co ordinates

(iv)

Using the focus- directrix definition, or otherwise, show that

PS

TS

PS'

TS'

( 16
Xo'

0)

3
4

and directrices at x = ~16

(c)

Find the equation of the ellipse with eccentricity -

(d)

(i)

Express Z =

(ii)

Find the smallest positive integer n such that zn is a real number

1+&
l+i

in the form rcis

e.

MARK

QUESTION 3

(a)

If the line kx

+ my + n = 0

is a tangent to the hyperbola xy

c 2 , prove that n 2= 4c 2 km.

yt

(b)

NOTTO

SCALE
R

The point P

(CPI~)

where

P1= :::1, is a point on the hyperbola xy = c 2, and the normal to the

hyperbola at P intersects the 2nd branch at Q. The line through P and the origin 0 intersects the second
branch at R.
(i)

Show that the equation of the normal is


py-c=p 3 (x-cp)

(ii)

Show that the y coordinates of P and Q satisfy the equation .

(iii)

Find the coordinates of Q.

(iv)

Show that Q, R and Pare concyclic

(e) (i)

Cii)

(iii)

Ifw is a complex cube root of unity (ie: a root ofz 3 = 1), prove that w 2 is also a root.

Prove that 1

+ w + w2

= 0

Hence or otherwise form a quadratic equation whose roots are given by ex:
and {J

=2+

w2

=2+ w

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