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# SYDNEY TECHNICAL HIGH SCHOOL

MATHEMATICS EXTENSION 2

MARCH 2009

General Instructions

## Working time allowed - 70 minutes

Write using black or blue pen
Approved calculators may be used
All necessary working should be shown
Start each question on a new page
Attempt all questions
All questions are of equal value

NAME: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

Question

Question

Question
3

Total

QUESTION 1

a)

Mark

Let

## ex: = 5 - 3 i and {3=2+i

(i)

Find

ex: +{3

0::

(i i)

Find

(iii)

If z

f3

in the fonn x + iy

= x + iy,

## The complex number z = 1 + 2i is a ro ot of the equation

where a and b are real numbers.

b)

c)

(i)

(ii)

Z2 -

aiz

+b=

d)

<

<

Iz - (1

Letz

+ i.J3I<2

and 0 ~ argz ~~

~ +..!:..

J2

J2

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

## Find the other roots of

(iv)

Find the side length of the square formed by plotting the solutions to part (iii)

Z4

Z4 =

-1

= -1

## on an Argand diagram and joining them together.

Question 2

a)

Find the gradient of the tangent to the curve x 3 + y3 - 3xy = 3 at the point (1,2)

b)

MARK

M' ~ ................... .
M
0

s'

d'
The point P (xo, yo) lies on the hyperbola
x2

y2

--

16
r-~

## tangent to the hyperbola at P cuts the x axis at T and has equation

XaX _ yay

16

=1

The two foci of the hyperbola are 5 and 5', and the two directrices are d and d'. The points
M and M' are the closest points to P on the directrices d and d'.

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

PS

TS

PS'

TS'

( 16
Xo'

0)

3
4

(c)

(d)

(i)

Express Z =

(ii)

1+&
l+i

e.

MARK

QUESTION 3

(a)

If the line kx

+ my + n = 0

yt

(b)

NOTTO

SCALE
R

The point P

(CPI~)

where

## P1= :::1, is a point on the hyperbola xy = c 2, and the normal to the

hyperbola at P intersects the 2nd branch at Q. The line through P and the origin 0 intersects the second
branch at R.
(i)

py-c=p 3 (x-cp)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

## Show that Q, R and Pare concyclic

(e) (i)

Cii)

(iii)

Ifw is a complex cube root of unity (ie: a root ofz 3 = 1), prove that w 2 is also a root.

Prove that 1

+ w + w2

= 0

Hence or otherwise form a quadratic equation whose roots are given by ex:
and {J

=2+

w2

=2+ w

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