 
SYDNEY TECHNICAL HIGH SCHOOL
Extension 2 Mathematics
General Instructions
Working time  70 minutes
HSC Assessment Task 1
March 2011
Total Marks  50
Attempt Questions 1  3
Write using black or blue pen Mark values are shown with the questions.
Boardapproved calculators may be used
All necessary working should be shown
in every question. Marks may be
deducted for careless or badly arranged
work.
Start each question on a new page.
Place your papers in order with the
question paper on top and staple or pin
them.
(For markers use only)
Ql Q2 Q3 Total
17 16 17 50
Question 1
(a)
(b)
In each case below. z = 3 2i.
Express the following in the form x + iy where x andy are real numbers:
(i) (iz)
(ii) (z Ii
Evaluate:
(i)
(ii)
(iii) arg (z) (in radians to one decimal place)
(iv) ]z] (leave in exact form)
Express 1 + t.f3 in modulus argument form.
Hence evaluate (1 + t.f3Y
(Express your answer in the domain defined for the argument.)
(c) Forz=x+iy,
(i)
(ii)
1
Express  as a complex number.
z
Hence find the solutions for z if Re( z  .!. ) = 0,
z
and show on the Argand diagram.
(d) Sketch the following loci.
(e)
(i)
(ii)
jarg zj s ;rr
4
jz + 2[ + lz  2[ = 6
Sketch the region where the inequalities lz 2 + tl s 5 and I z lj I z + 11
both hold.
2
17 Marks
4
2
2
1
3
1
1
3
Question 2
(a) Give the inequalities which describe this region on the Argand diagram.
(Give your answer in terms of z.)
iy
(b) If 1  2i is a root of the equation 2z
3
 5z
2
+ 12z 5 = 0
(c)
(d)
(i)
(ii)
(i)
Explain why 1 + 2i is also a root.
Find all roots ofthe equation.
Show on an Argand diagram the positions ofthe roots of z
3
= 1.
(ii) Explain algebraically why these are among the roots of i = 1.
(iii) By referring to the roots of z
6
= 1, find the roots of z
4
+ z
2
+ 1 = 0
in modarg form.
(i) Solve z
4
= 1 for all z.
(ii) Hence, or otherwise, solve z
4
= (z 1)
4
.
3
16 Marks
3
1
2
1
2
3
1
3
Question 3 17 Marks
(a)
2 2
Sketch the ellipse + L = 1 . State the following:
25 9
5
(i) the eccentricity
(ii) the coordinates ofthe foci
(iii) the equations ofthe directrices.
(b) Find the equation ofthe tangent to the curve x
2
 xi 8y +32 = 0 at the point (1, 3). 3
(c)
(d)
2 2
Prove that the equation of the normal to the ellipse ; + ..; = 1 at
a b
the point P (x y ) can be expressed as x
1
y  xy
1
= x
1
y
1
_ xlyl .
P 1 a2 b2 a2 b2
2 2
The tangent to ..; + ..; = 1 at the point P ( X
1
, Y
1
) cuts they axis at A
a b
while the normal at P cuts they axis at B. If S is a focus ofthe ellipse,
. f xx1 YY1
show that LASB = 90. (Equation o tangent 
2
+ 
2
= 1)
a b
End of Exam
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