You are on page 1of 35

1

Project Title
Planning, Designing and Estimation
of
Higher Secondary School
at
Lakhimpur




2




DECLARATION

We hereby declare that the major project report entitled Planning Designing &
Estimation of Higher Secondary School at Lakhimpur submitted for the
B.Tech. Degree is our original work and the report has not formed the basis for
the award of any degree, associate ship, fellowship or other similar titles.

Signature of students:
Place:
Date:







3





CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that the Major Project report entitled Planning Designing &
Estimation of Higher Secondary School At Lakhimpur is the bonafide work
carried out by Group 1, students of B.Tech., Department of Civil Engineering,
ASET, Amity University, Lucknow during the year 2010-14, in partial fulfilment
of the requirement for the award of the Degree of Bachelor of Civil
Engineering and that the report has not formed the basis for the award
previously of any degree, diploma associate ship, fellowship or any other
similar title.

Signature of the Guide:
Place:
Date:






4




Contents

1) Acknowledgement Page 5
2) Abstract Page 6
3) List of Drawings Page 7
4) Introduction Page 8
5) About the project Page 10
6) Methodology Page 11
7) Norms Page 13
8) Staad.Pro Analysis Page 16
a. Front View Of Structure Page 16
b. Isometric View Page 17
c. Analysis of a Beam Page 18
d. Analysis of a Column Page 19
e. Concrete Take-off Page 20
9) Architectural Drawings Page 21
a. Site Plans Page 22
b. Elevations Page 23
c. Floor Plans Page 24
10) Structural Drawings Page 25
a. Details of Beams & Typical Drawings Page 26
b. Details of Columns & Plinth Beams Page 27
c. Details of Slabs Page 28
d. Details of Foundation Page 29
11) Estimate Page 30
12) References Page 35
5




ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We welcome this opportunity to express our heartfelt gratitude and regards to
our project guide Prof. Hari Gopal Sir, Department of Civil Engineering, Amity
School Of Engineering And Technology, for his unconditional guidance.
He always bestowed parental care upon us and evinced keen interest in solving
our problems. An erudite teacher, a magnificent person and a strict
disciplinarian, we consider ourselves fortunate to have worked under his
supervision.
We are highly grateful to Prof. R.P. Garg Sir, Department of Civil Engineering,
Amity School of Engineering And Technology, for providing the most needed
help during the course of the work.
We are also very thankful to all our faculty members for their help and support
& their valuable guidance whenever we needed it.
We greatly appreciate & convey our heartfelt thanks to our family, friends flow
of ideas, dear ones & all those who helped us in completion of this work.


Date:
Signature of student:



6





ABSTRACT

A Higher Secondary School proposed at Lakhimpur Kheri, the biggest district
(area wise) in Uttar Pradesh was chosen as project. The school was planned &
designed as per laws laid down by CBSE for accreditation. The planning was
done,considering all aspects of the norms using Auto Cadd. The RCC frame
structure was designed using Bentley Staad.Pro & Beams (RAM CAD sys).
All the tedious calculations was done using staad. Estimation was also prepared
for the project.










7



List of Drawings


1) Architectural Drawings Pg. 21
a. Site Plan Pg. 22
b. Elevations Pg. 23
c. Floor Plans Pg. 24
2) Structural Drawings Pg. 25
a. Details of Beams & Typical Drawings Pg. 26
b. Details of Columns & Plinth Beams Pg. 27
c. Details of Slab Pg. 28
d. Details of Foundation Pg. 29












8



Introduction

Education is very important and necessary part of everyones life, especially in
small and developing towns. A rural community tends to revolve around its
school. Town meetings occur in the auditorium or the school cafeteria and the
library often serves as the local library also. Residents attend the local schools
sporting events, cheering for the kids they know, which tend to be all of them. A
school play is an opportunity for the entire town to roll out its support and to
visit with all their neighbours, and because of its economic and social
implications, the loss of a school is often greeted with all the enthusiasm of a
funeral. So considering the necessity of education we decided to take a school
as our major project.
According to the rural assistance center, all school districts must maintain a
certain set of services no matter what the location facilities, staff,
transportation, and food services. It costs a small school more to provide these
services. Rural schools face many challenges in acquiring the financial and
human resources necessary to offer the quality of education students need.
Rural school districts have a harder time attracting and retaining teachers and
administrators.
Small schools are often seen as a stepping stone to schools where there is a
better pay, possibly fewer classes to prepare for and other perks. Rural districts
may have difficulty in offering advanced academic or vocational courses due to

9


financial crisis . Rural school districts faces consolidating schools due to
population loss or perceived cost saving measures.
The rural school and community trust centre for mid-western initiatives
recognizes the vital role a thriving school foundation can play in life of rural
community. In partnership with a community foundation or as stand alone
institution, school foundations provide much needed funding support engage
community member and relocated alumni with the school, and promote
meaningful partnerships.














10


About the Project
Name of Project: Higher Secondary School at Lakhimpur
Area of Project: 18000 m
2
No. of floors: G+ 3
No. of Class Rooms: 50
Size of Class Room:7000x7115, 7000x6890, 7220x7115
No. of Laboratories: 04
Size of Laboratories:7220x7115,7000x7115,7115x11775,
No. of Libraries: 01
Size of Libraries :17860x7115
No. of Auditoriums: 01
Size of Auditoriums:17860x7115
No. of Toilets per Floor: 02
Size of Toilets :4945x5800
Other spaces: N.C.C Room, Medical Room, P.E.T Room, Activity Room,
Electricity Room, Store Room, Examination Room, Staff Room, Principals Room,
Vice Principals Room.
Other Highlights:
Badminton, tennis, and basketball court
International size football ground
Modern education system
Large size class rooms
Highly qualified faculties
Wifi enabled campus
Water harvesting system
11


Methodology

Over the course of the project we worked together to plan and design and
record as much of our expertise as possible related to setting up and
managing the project through this collaborative approach and the
software skills, which we gain in our academics.
the work started as part of the Steeple project, and continuing to this day
we had tried to make a project which can be proved as a mile stone in the
structural line and can become the focus and lead for international
cooperation and standardisation.

The key areas of project work were:
Communication and outreach by all members.
Effective Planning.
Stable and Economical design.
A Proper learning Outcome.
The planned work was broken down into discrete areas, and then
distributed amongst the contributing partners based upon their own
specific interests and resourcing. We led on the policies and process
work, building on their long standing background as a high production
value, high quality, method driven institution, though they also worked
to compare and contrast our different approaches to the same
problems.

12


We scaled up the work done on Auto Cad ,STADD Pro aggregation
of content and promoting the use of open standards, because this
has allowed each of us to work towards an exciting common goal -
one that supports philanthropic aims of the project on which we are
working on.
Firstly we scaled our work on Auto CAD, on which we did the
planning work. In which we plotted our plan according to the norms
of CBSE.
After planning on CAD then we drafted the plan on the STADD.PRO
for structure analysis according to which the structural drawings
were made after finalising the reinforcements.
According to the result of the report of STADD.PRO the details of
the elements of a building was decided.
As in the report of STADD.PRO we drafted the structural drawing
on AUTO CADD.
Structural drawing contains the details of all elements of the
buildings such as the details of beams, columns, slabs, and
foundations.
After the detailing of beams, columns, and slabs the upper structure
was complete, the foundation details were designed using STRAP
foundation software by RAM CADSYS was used and according to
the results given the structural drawing of the foundation was
finalized.
Lastly after finalizing the structural drawing, the estimation of the
building was done by calculating the quantity of materials and the
rates given by PWD.

13


NORMS
Infrastructure
The infrastructure facilities should be as follows:-
(i) Class rooms - minimum size should be 8 m x 6 m (approx 500.
sq. ft.).
(ii) Science Labs. (Composite for Secondary or/and separate
Physics, Chemistry and Biology for Senior Secondary)- minimum
size should be 9 m x 6 m each (approx 600 sq. ft) and fully
equipped.
(iii) Library- minimum size should be 14 m.x 8 m. fully equipped and
with reading room facility.
(iv) Computer Lab. and Math Lab. - No minimum size is prescribed,
however, the school should have separate provision for each
(v) Rooms for extra-curricular activities - either separate rooms for
music, dance, arts & sports or one multi-purpose hall for all these
activities should be available.


The land area for the schools seeking affiliation in NCT, Delhi
should not be less than the following:-
The infrastructure facilities should be as follows:-
(i) Class rooms - minimum size should be 8 m x 6 m (approx 500.
sq. ft.).
(ii) Science Labs. (Composite for Secondary or/and separate
Physics, Chemistry and Biology for Senior Secondary)-
14



minimum size should be 9 m x 6 m each (approx 600 sq. ft) and fully
equipped.
(iii) Library- minimum size should be 14 m.x 8 m. fully equipped
and with reading room facility.
(iv) Computer Lab. and Math Lab. - No minimum size is
prescribed, however, the school should have separate provision for
each.
(v) Rooms for extra-curricular activities - either separate rooms for
music, dance, arts & sports or one multi-purpose hall for all these
activities should be available.

Physical Facilities
1. In addition to the basic requirement of Section 3 (3), the institution
should have other facilities commensurate with its requirements. It should
satisfy the minimum conditions laid down by the Board for school building.
Classrooms should be adequate in size. The minimum floor space should
at least be 1 sq. metre per student. .
2. Every institution will provide proper facilities like ramps toilets for
wheel chair users and auditory signals in elevators in lifts in accordance
with the provisions laid down in PWD Act, 1995.
3. The school has suitable furniture in the classrooms and office
equipment and furniture commensurate with the strength of students and
the staff.
4. The school should have the needed equipment and facilities (at
least the minimum prescribed by the Board) for Sciences, Home Science,
Technical subjects, Vocational subjects and various activities under Work
Experience and Art Education.
5. List of minimum equipment prescribed for Science subjects for
Secondary/Sr. Secondary School can be had from the Board against
payment.
15


The school should scrupulously observe prescription from the Municipal

Authority regarding drinking water and fire safety precaution in the school.
A certification from the Municipal/ Fire Authorities regarding sanitary
conditions and water/fire safety should be submitted along with the
application. A fresh certificate regarding fulfillment of these requirements
should be obtained and submitted to the Board every five years.
6. The School should have adequate facilities for providing recreation
activities and physical education as well as for conduct of various
activities and programs for developmental education and for the social,
cultural and moral development of the students and for safeguarding their
health.
7. i) Adequate ground to create out door facilities for a 200 metre track;
ii) Adequate land for Kabbadi and Kho-Kho; and
iii) Facilities for playing Volleyball.













16





STAAD.Pro Analysis





FRONT VIEW OF STRUCTURE
17





ISOMETRIC VIEW













18



ANALYSIS OF A BEAM















19



ANALYSIS OF A COLUMN















20



CONCRETE TAKE-OFF















21








ARCHITECTURAL DRAWINGS













22


SITE PLAN





















23


ELEVATIONS





















24


FLOOR PLANS





















25












STRUCTURAL DRAWINGS











26


DEATILS OF BEAMS & TYPICAL DRAWINGS
















27


DETAILS OF COLUMN & PLINTH BEAMS
















28


DETAILS OF SLABS
















29


DETAILS OF FOUNDATION
















30









ESTIMATE









31







ESTIMATE OF PROPOSED
HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL AT
LAKHIMPUR






Estimated Cost : Rs. 8.17 Crores
YEAR : 2014
Estimate No.

32




























33




























34




























35


REFERENCES

1) Cbse Norms
2) PWD SOR 2014
3) Google.com
4) Staad Tutorials
5) AutoCAD Tutorials
6) IS 456
7) IS 1893
8) IS 875(Part 1), IS 875(Part 2), IS 875 (Part 3)
9) Costing & Estimation by B.N Dutta