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RVHS Yr 6 H2 Maths 2011 Preliminary Exam Paper 1 (Solutions)
Question 1 [4 marks]
Given that
1
b
y ax c
x
= + +
+
.
Differentiating with respect to x:
( )
2
d
d
1
y b
a
x
x
= ÷
+
Since it is given that the curve passes through the
points
13
1,
2
 

\ .
and
1
,2
2
 
÷

\ .
and that the curve has a
turning point at 3 x = ÷ .
We can set up the following equations.
( )
2
13 1 13 1
2 1 1 2 2
1 1 1
2 2 2
1
2 2
1
2
1 1
0 0
4
3 1
a b c a b c
a b c a b c
a b a b
= + + ¬ = + +
+
= ÷ + + ¬ = ÷ + +
÷ +
= ÷ ¬ = ÷
÷ +
Solving the system of linear equations gives
19
2
1, 4, a b c = ÷ = ÷ =
So, the equation of the curve is
( )
4 19
1 2
y x
x
= ÷ ÷ +
+
Question 2 [6 marks]
(i)
2
( 1)!
n
n
r
r
S
r
=
=
+
¿
Using GC,
2
1
3
S = ,
3
11
24
S = ,
4
59
120
S = .
2
1 1 1
3 2 3!
S = = ÷
3
11
24
S =
1 1
2 4!
= ÷
4
59
120
S =
1 1
2 5!
= ÷
Conjecture:
2
1 1
( 1)! 2 ( 1)!
n
n
r
r
S
r n
=
= = ÷
+ +
¿
(ii)
Let ( ) P n be the statement
2
1 1
( 1)! 2 ( 1)!
n
r
r
r n
=
= ÷
+ +
¿
for
Pg 2
2,3,4, ... n = .
When 2 n = ,
LHS
2
2
2 1
( 1)! 3! 3
r
r
r
=
= = =
+
¿
RHS
1 1 2 1
2 3! 6 3
= ÷ = =
Since LHS = RHS, therefore (2) P is true.
Assume that ( ) P k is true for some , 2 k k
+
e > .
i.e.
2
1 1
( 1)! 2 ( 1)!
k
r
r
r k
=
= ÷
+ +
¿
Need to prove that ( 1) P k + is true
i.e.
1
2
1 1
( 1)! 2 ( 2)!
k
r
r
r k
+
=
= ÷
+ +
¿
LHS
1
2
( 1)!
k
r
r
r
+
=
=
+
¿
2
( 1) term
( 1)!
k
r
r
k th
r
=
= + +
+
¿
2
1
( 1)! ( 2)!
k
r
r k
r k
=
+
= +
+ +
¿
1 1 1
2 ( 1)! ( 2)!
k
k k
+
= ÷ +
+ +
1 1 1
2 ( 1)! ( 2)!
k
k k
( +
= ÷ ÷
(
+ +
¸ ¸
1 2 1
2 ( 2)! ( 2)!
k k
k k
( + +
= ÷ ÷
(
+ +
¸ ¸
1 2 ( 1)
2 ( 2)!
k k
k
( + ÷ +
= ÷
(
+
¸ ¸
1 1
2 ( 2)! k
= ÷
+
= RHS
Thus ( ) P k is true implies ( 1) P k + is true.
Since ( (2) P is true) and ( ( ) P k is true implies ( 1) P k +
is true), by mathematical induction, ( ) P n is true for
2,3, ... n = .
Question 3 [7 marks]
(i) Locus of P is a halfline from and excluding the point
representing the complex number1 2 i + that makes an
Pg 3
angle of u with the positive real axis.
(ii)
(iii)
5 EF = and radius 2 EG = =
2
sin
5
o =
0.287 o ¬ =
Locus of P meets the locus of Q more than once when
0.287 0.287 u ÷ < < .
(iv)
6 2 E i ÷ + , 1 2 F i ÷ + and 5 EF =
Minimum value of z w ÷
l r = ÷
5sin 2
4
t
= ÷
5
2
2
= ÷
3 3 2
2 2
or =
Question 4 [9 marks]
(i) ) 3 2 ( + r
= ) 2 ( ) 2 ( ) 1 ( ) 1 ( 2 B r B A r B Ar r ÷ + + + = ÷ + + +
Pg 4
Solve simultaneously, 1 = A , 1 ÷ = B .
) 1 ( ) 1 ( 2 ) 3 2 ( ÷ ÷ + + = + r r r r .
(ii)
¿
=
+
n
r
r
r
1
2 ) 3 2 ( =
¿
=
÷ ÷ + +
n
r
r
r r r
1
2 )) 1 ( ) 1 ( 2 (
= ) 2 ) 1 ( 2 2 ) 1 ( 2 (
1
¿
=
÷ ÷ · + +
n
r
r r r
r r r
= ) 0 ( ) 2 ( ) 2 )( 2 )( 2 ( ÷ +
) 4 )( 1 ( ) 4 )( 2 ( ) 4 )( 3 )( 2 ( ÷ + +
) 8 )( 2 ( ) 8 )( 3 ( ) 8 )( 4 )( 2 ( ÷ + +
) 16 )( 3 ( ) 16 )( 4 ( ) 16 )( 5 )( 2 ( ÷ + +
...... +
) 2 )( 2 ( ) 2 )( 1 ( ) 2 )( )( 2 (
1 1 1 ÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷ + +
n n n
n n n
) 2 )( 1 ( ) 2 )( ( ) 2 )( 1 )( 2 (
n n n
n n n ÷ ÷ + + +
=
n n n
n n n 2 2 ) 1 ( 2 2
1
· + · + + · + ÷
+
=
1
2 ) 1 ( 2 2 2
+
· + + · · + ÷
n n
n n
=
1 1
2 ) 1 ( 2 2
+ +
· + + · + ÷
n n
n n
=
1
2 ) 1 2 ( 2
+
· + + ÷
n
n
(iii)
¿
=
+
n
r
r
r
1
2 ) 5 2 (
=
¿
=
+ +
n
r
r
r
1
2 ) 2 3 2 (
=
¿ ¿
=
+
=
+ +
n
r
r
n
r
r
r
1
1
1
2 2 ) 3 2 (
= ( ) ( )
1 3 2 1
2 ... 2 2 2 ) 1 2 ( 2
+ +
+ + + + · + + ÷
n n
n
= ( )
( )


.

\

÷
÷
+ · + + ÷
+
1 2
1 2 4
2 ) 1 2 ( 2
1
n
n
n
= ( ) 4 2 2 2 ) 1 2 ( 2
1 1
÷ · + · + + ÷
+ + n n
n
= 6 2 ) 3 2 (
1
÷ · +
+ n
n
Alternative Method
Replace r by k –1:
¿
=
+
n
r
r
r
1
2 ) 5 2 (
Pg 5
=
1
1
2
(2 3)2
n
k
k
k
+
÷
=
+
¿
=
1
2
1
(2 3)2
2
n
k
k
k
+
=
+
¿
=
1
1
1
1
(2 3)2 (2 3)2
2
n
k
k
k
+
=
(
+ ÷ +
(
¸ ¸
¿
=
2
1
2 (2 3)2 10
2
n
n
+
( ÷ + + ÷
¸ ¸
=
2
1
12 (2 3)2
2
n
n
+
( ÷ + +
¸ ¸
Question 5 [9 marks]
( )
10
1
100
1
a r
r
t
÷
=
÷
 (1)
( ) ( )
2 5 2 5
2 2
1 ( ) 1 ( )
10
1 1
a r ar r
r r
t
÷ ÷
÷ =
÷ ÷
10 10
2
1 (1 ) 10
1
a
r r r
r
t ( ÷ ÷ ÷ =
¸ ¸
÷
10 11
1 10
(1 )(1 )
a
r r r
r r
t ( ÷ ÷ + =
¸ ¸
÷ +
 (2)
(1) ÷ (2):
10
10 11
(1 )(1 )
10
1
r r
r r r
÷ +
=
÷ ÷ +
10 11 10 11
1 10 10 10 10 r r r r r r + ÷ ÷ = ÷ ÷ +
11 10
11 9 11 9 0 r r r ÷ ÷ + = (shown)
Solve using GC,
0.81818 r = or 1 r = ± (rej.)
65.992 a ¬ =  from (1)
Area of the smallest sector
=
9
ar
=10.8 cm
2
100
1 0.7
a
t s
÷
30 a t s
Hence, the maximum area =30t cm
2
(or 94.2 cm
2
)
Question 6 [9 marks]
We have that
( ) tan ln 1 (1) y x ( = +
¸ ¸
Differentiating the equation gives,
Pg 6
( )
2
1
sec ln 1
(1 )
dy
x
dx x
( = +
¸ ¸
+
 
( )
2
2
(1 ) 1 tan ln(1 )
1 1 (2)
dy
x x
dx
dy
x y
dx
+ = + +
+ = +
Differentiate (2) w.r.t x
( )
( ) ( )
2
2
2
2
1 2
1 1 2 0 (3)
d y dy dy
x y
dx dx dx
d y dy
x y
dx dx
+ + =
+ + ÷ =
Differentiate (3) w.r.t x
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2
3 2 2
3 2 2
2
3 2
3 2
1 1 2 2 0
1 2 1 2 0 (4)
d y d y d y dy
x y
dx dx dx dx
d y d y dy
x y
dx dx dx
 
+ + + ÷ ÷ =

\ .
 
+ + ÷ ÷ =

\ .
Substitute 0 x = into (1), (2), (3), and (4):
2 3
2 3 0
0
0 0
0, 1, 1, 4
x
x
x x
dy d y d y
y
dx dx dx
=
=
= =
= = = ÷ = .
Therefore, by Maclaurin’s Theorem,
( ) ( )
2 3
1 1
0 4
2! 3!
y x x x ~ + + ÷ +
2 3
1 2
2 3
y x x x ~ ÷ +
( )
2 3
1 2
tan ln 1
2 3
x x x x + ~ ÷ + (
¸ ¸
Differentiating with respect to x
( )
2
2
sec ln 1
1 2
1
x
x x
x
( +
¸ ¸
~ ÷ +
+
( )
2
2 1
sec ln 1
(1 2 )(1 )
(1 )(1 )
x
x x x
x x
÷
( +
¸ ¸
~ ÷ + ÷
+ ÷
( )
2
2 2
2
sec ln 1
(1 2 )(1 )
(1 )
x
x x x x
x
( +
¸ ¸
~ ÷ + + +
÷
( )
2
2
2
sec ln 1
1 2
(1 )
x
x
x
( +
¸ ¸
~ +
÷
Question 7 [9 marks]
Pg 7
Given



.

\

÷
=
÷
1
0
2
OA , line l: r R e



.

\

÷ +



.

\

÷
÷
= ì ì ,
4
7
3
5
15
7
The position vector of any point lying on l is



.

\

+ ÷
÷
+ ÷
ì
ì
ì
4 5
7 15
3 7
, for some R e ì
10 ) 1 4 5 ( ) 7 15 ( ) 2 3 7 (
2 2 2
= + + ÷ + ÷ + ÷ + ÷ ì ì ì
0 3 4
2
= + ÷ ì ì
1 = ì or 3
So,



.

\

÷
÷
=



.

\

+ ÷
÷
+ ÷
=
÷
1
8
4
) 1 ( 4 5
) 1 ( 7 15
) 1 ( 3 7
OB



.

\

÷ =



.

\

+ ÷
÷
+ ÷
=
÷
7
6
2
) 3 ( 4 5
) 3 ( 7 15
) 3 ( 3 7
OC
P is midpoint of BC



.

\
 ÷
=



.

\

+ ÷
÷
+ ÷
= ¬
÷
3
1
1
7 1
) 6 8 (
) 2 4 (
2
1
OP



.

\
 ÷
= ÷ =
÷ ÷ ÷
4
1
3
OA OP AP
Equation of
1
H : r •
3 1 3
1 1 1 16
4 3 4
÷ ÷ ÷      
  
= =
  
  
\ . \ . \ .
So, r • (–3i +j +4k) =16.
(i) Express equations of
1
H ,
2
H and
3
H as system of
equations:



.

\

÷
÷
÷
1
5
16
1 2 1
3 2 1
4 1 3
From GC, 12 , 13 , 15 = = = z y x
So, position vector of D,
15
13
12
OD
÷
 

=


\ .
.
(ii) Find base area BCD:
Pg 8



.

\

÷ = ÷ =
÷ ÷ ÷
8
14
6
OB OC BC



.

\

= ÷ =
÷ ÷ ÷
13
5
19
OB OD BD
Area of
÷ ÷
× = A BD BC BCD
2
1
=
142376
2
1
296
74
222
2
1
=



.

\
÷
Perpendicular height, 26
4
1
3
=



.

\
 ÷
=
÷
AP
So, volume = 26 142376
6
1
·
=320.67 =321 units
3
. (to 3 s.f.)
Question 8 [10 marks]
(i) Using dot product theorem,
u cos 3 1 5 4 5 6
3
1
5
4
5
6
2 2 2 2 2 2
+ + + + =



.

\

÷ ·



.

\

÷
÷
35 77
12 5 30
cos
÷ +
= u
° = 70163401 . 63 u
= ° 7 . 63
(ii)
32
4
5
6
6
÷ =



.

\

÷
÷ ·



.

\

n
m
¬ 8 5 6 ÷ = ÷ n m  (1)
24
3
1
5
6
=



.

\

÷ ·



.

\

n
m
¬ 6 5 = ÷ n m  (2)
Solve simultaneously, 2 = m , 4 = n .
(iii) direction vector of line l
=



.

\

÷
÷ =



.

\

÷
÷
=



.

\

÷ ×



.

\

÷
÷
1
2
1
19
19
38
19
3
1
5
4
5
6
Pg 9
position vector of A =



.

\

6
4
2
Vector equation of line l: r =



.

\

6
4
2
+ì



.

\

÷1
2
1
, R e ì
Cartesian equation of l : z
y
x ÷ =
÷
= ÷ 6
2
4
2
Alternative Method
Solve 6 5 4 32 x y z ÷ ÷ = ÷
& 5 3 24 x y z ÷ + = by G.C.
Vector equation of line l: r =



.

\

6
4
2
+ì



.

\

÷1
2
1
, R e ì
Cartesian equation of l : z
y
x ÷ =
÷
= ÷ 6
2
4
2
(iv)
3
H : r ·
1 2 1
2 4 2 2 8 6 4
1 6 1
     
  
= · = + ÷ =
  
  
÷ ÷
\ . \ . \ .
So, Cartesian equation of
3
H : 4 2 = ÷ + z y x .
Cartesian equation of
4
H is 40 5 2 9 = + ÷ z y x .
Since the system of equations has an infinite number of
solutions, it means that the planes
1
H ,
2
H and
4
H intersect at a common line.
Question 9 [11 marks]
(a)
2 2 2
0
1
d
( )
a
u
a u +
}
=
2
4
2 2 2 2
0
1
sec d
( tan )
a x x
a a x
t
+
}
=
4
3 2
0
1
d
sec
x
a x
t
}
=
2
4
3
0
1
cos d x x
a
t
}
=
4
3
0
1 1
(cos2 +1)d
2
x x
a
t
}
=
4
3
0
1 sin2
2 2
x
x
a
t
(
+
(
¸ ¸
tan u a x =
¬
2
d
sec
d
u
a x
x
=
Pg 10
=
3
1 1
2 2 4 a
t (
+
(
¸ ¸
=
3
2
8a
t +
(b)
(i)
Area of R
=
1
2
0
1 1
d
1 4
x
x
x
+  
÷

+
\ .
}
=0.410 units
2
(ii) Required volume
=
2
1 1
2 2
0 0
1 1
d d
(1 ) 4
x
x x
x
t t
+  
÷

+
\ .
} }
=
1
2
0
2
( 2 1)d
8 16
x x x
t t
t
+  
÷ + +

\ .
}
=
1
3
2
0
2
8 16 3
x
x x
t t
t
( +  
÷ + +
 (
\ .
¸ ¸
=
2 7
8 16 3
t t
t
+    
÷
 
\ . \ .
=
(6 5)
48
t t +
units
3
Question 10 [13 marks]
(i) vertical asymptote at 1 0 x x c = ¬ + = when 1 x =
So, 1 c = ÷
2
5
1
ax bx
y
x
+ ÷
=
÷
( ) ( ) ( )( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
2
1 2 5 1
1
2 5
1
x ax b ax bx
dy
dx
x
ax ax b
x
÷ + ÷ + ÷
=
÷
÷ + ÷
=
÷
Since there is a turning point on the yaxis, so
0
dy
dx
= when 0 x =
( )
2
2 5 0 ax ax b ¬ ÷ + ÷ = when 0 x =
Pg 11
( ) 0 0 5 0
5
b
b
¬ + + ÷ =
¬ =
(ii)
2
5 5
1
ax x
y
x
+ ÷
=
÷
C has no xintercept
2
5 5
0
1
ax x
x
+ ÷
¬ =
÷
has no real roots
2
5 5 0 ax x ¬ + ÷ = has no real roots
( )
2
5 4 5 0 a ¬ ÷ ÷ <
25 20 0 a + <
5
4
a ¬ < ÷ (shown)
(iii)
( ) ( )
( )( )
2
5 5
1
1 5 5
1
5 1
5
1 1
ax x
y
x
ax x a x
x
a x a a
ax ax a
x x
+ ÷
=
÷
÷ + + ÷
=
÷
+ ÷ +
= + = + + +
÷ ÷
( )
( )
2
2
2 5 5
1
ax ax
dy
dx
x
÷ + ÷
=
÷
2
0 2 0 0 or 2
dy
ax ax x x
dx
= ¬ ÷ = ¬ = =
(iv) Add the line 1 y ax = + . It has the same gradient as the
oblique asymptote of C, but with a smaller yintercept.
O
x
y
5 y ax a = + +
1 x =
5
1
a
y ax a
x
= + + +
÷
5 a +
5 a
a
+
÷
( ) 0,5
( ) 2,4 5 a +
Pg 12
Solving for intersection between C and 1 y ax = + :
( )( )
( )
5 1
1
4 0
1
4 1
4 4
4 4
4
4
a
ax a ax
x
a
a
x
a x a
x ax a a
a x
x
a
+ + + = +
÷
¬ + + =
÷
¬ + ÷ = ÷
¬ ÷ + ÷ = ÷
¬ + =
¬ =
+
Hence set of values of x is
4
: 1 or
4
x x , x x
a
¦ ¹
e < >
´ `
+
¹ )
R .
(v)
Question 11 [13 marks]
(a)
(i)
( )
2
f : ln 2 3 x x x + + , for 2 x > ÷
 )  )
f
ln2, 0.693, R = · = ·
(ii) Since there exists a line for ln2 ln3 y k k = < < such
that it cuts the graph at more than 1 point.
¬ f is not 1 – 1 function.
¬
1
f
÷
does not exist
y
2 O
1 x =
( ) f y x ' =
x
y a =
Pg 13
(iii) For gf to exist,
g f
R D _ ,
g
( 2, ) R ¬ _ ÷ ·
g
( 2,6) R ¬ = ÷
Thus,
2
1
6 2
x
÷ = ÷
1 1
8 8
or x = ÷
Least value of b =
1
8
g f
1
8
( , ) ( 2,6) [ln2,ln51) · ÷÷÷ ÷ ÷÷÷
fg
[ln2,ln51) R =
(b)
(i)
( )
2
f : ln 2 3 x x x + + , x a >
2
f : ln ( 1) 2 x x ( + +
¸ ¸
, x a >
Thus least value of 1 a = ÷ .
Let
2
ln ( 1) 2 y x ( = + +
¸ ¸
, 1 x > ÷
2
e ( 1) 2
y
x = + +
1 e 2
y
x = ÷ ± ÷ (reject 1 e 2
y
x = ÷ ÷ ÷ as 1 x > ÷ )
( )
1
f 1 e 2
x
x
÷
= ÷ + ÷ ,
1
f
f
(ln2, ) D R
÷
= = ·
(ii)