CONFIDENTIAL

*
2014-2-KELANTAN-SMJKChungHuaKB_MATHS QA

Section A [45 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.

1. The function g is defined by

g(x) = {
( − 3)
2
, ≤ 3
1 −

, > 3


(a) Given that g(x) is continuous at x = 3, find the value of a. [3 marks]
(b) Sketch the graph of y = g(x). [3 marks]

2. The equation of a curve is
x
2
y + xy
2
= 2.
Find the equation of both the tangents to the curve at the point x = 1.
[9 marks]

3. Using an appropriate substitution, evaluate

}
÷
1
0
3
1
2
. d ) 1 ( x x x

[7 marks]

4 Show that the differential equation
0
d
d
2
= ÷ + y xy
x
y
x
may be reduced by the substitution y = vx to the equation
. 0
d
d
2
= + x v
x
v


Hence, find y in terms of x, given that y = 1 when x = 1. [7 marks]

5. If y
2
= 1 + sin x, show that
. 0 1
d
d
2
d
d
2
2
2
2
2
= ÷ +
|
.
|

\
|
+ y
x
y
x
y
y
Deduce an equation which has the term in
3
3
d
d
x
y
. Hence, obtain the expansion
of x sin 1+ in ascending powers of x up to the term in x
3
.
[10 marks]



STPM 954/2 [Turn over
* This question paper is CONFIDENTIAL until the examination is over.
CONFIDENTIAL*
CONFIDENTIAL*

6. Use the trapezium rule with 5 ordinates to find in surd form, an
approximate value for the integral
}
2
0
. d 3 x
x

and deduce that ln 3 ~ ). 3 2 ( 4 ÷ [6 marks]

Section B [15 marks]
Answer any one questions in this section.

7. State the equations of the asymptotes of the curve

.
) 1 (
1
2
2
÷
÷ =
x
y

[2 marks]
Hence sketch the graph of
.
) 1 (
1
2
2
÷
÷ =
x
y
By drawing an appropriate line, find
the number of real roots of the equation 2 –
2
) 1 (
1
÷ x
= 3x. [7 marks]
Taking x = 0.2 as the first approximation, use the Newton-Raphson method
to find the approximate root of the equation 2 –
2
) 1 (
1
÷ x
= 3x correct to 2 decimal
places. [6 marks]

8. In a chemical reaction, substance A is converted to substance B. Throughout
the reacton, the total mass of substance A and the substance B is a constant and
equal to m. The mass of substance B at the time t minutes after the start of the
chemical reaction is x.
At any instant, the rate of increase of the mass B is directly proportional to the
mass of A. Write a differential equation that connects x with t. [2 marks]
Solve this differential equation given that x = 0 when t = 0. [3 marks]
Given that
4
3
= x m when t = 8 ln 2, show that
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷ =
÷ t
m x
4
1
e 1 . [3 marks]
Hence
(a) find the value of x, in terms of m when t = 8 ln 3. [2 marks]
(b) find the least value of t for which x exceeds 99% of m, [2 marks]
(c) sketch the graph of x against t. [3 marks]


STPM 954/2 [Turn over
* This question paper is CONFIDENTIAL until the examination is over.

CONFIDENTIAL*
MARKING SCHEME
Section A [45 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.

1. The function g is defined by

g(x) = {
( − 3)
2
, ≤ 3
1 −

, > 3


(a) Given that g(x) is continuous at x = 3, find the value of a. [3 marks]
(b) Sketch the graph of y = g(x). [3 marks]

1
(a)
3
1 1 lim ) ( lim
3 3
a
x
a
x g
x x
÷ =
|
.
|

\
|
÷ =
+ +
÷ ÷


( ) 0 3 lim ) ( lim
2
3 3
= ÷ =
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
x x g
x x
= g(3)
B1

g is continuous ¬
3
1
a
÷ = 0
M1

a = 3 A1 [3]
(b)

D1(shape for interval (÷·, 3))
D1(shape for interval (3, ·) with
asymptote)
D1(perfect with (0,9) and (3, 0)
and label asymptote, y = 1)
[3]


2. The equation of a curve is
x
2
y + xy
2
= 2.
Find the equation of both the tangents to the curve at the point x = 1.
[9 marks]
2 x
2
y + xy
2
= 2

0 2 ) 2 (
2 2
=
|
.
|

\
|
+ + +
dx
dy
y x y x y
dx
dy
x
M1A1
x = 1, y
2
+ y – 2 = 0 ¬ (y – 1)(y + 2) = 0 M1
y = 1, –2 A1

At (1, 1): 0 2 1 2 =
|
.
|

\
|
+ + +
dx
dy
dx
dy
¬
dx
dy
= –1
B1

At (1, ÷2):
dx
dy
= 0
B1
The equation of tangent at (1, 1): y – 1 = ÷(x – 1)
y = ÷x + 2
The equation of tangent at (1, –2): y = –2
M1
A1
A1 [9]

3. Using an appropriate substitution, evaluate

}
÷
1
0
3
1
2
. d ) 1 ( x x x

[7 marks]

3 Let u = 1 – x ¬ du = ÷dx B1
x = 1, u = 0; x = 0, u = 1 B1

}
÷
}
= ÷
0
1
3
1
2
1
0
3
1
2
d ) ( ) 1 ( d ) 1 ( u u u x x x
M1


}
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ ÷ ÷ =
0
1
3
7
3
4
3
1
d 2 u u u u

A1


0
1
3
10
3
7
3
4
10
3
7
6
4
3
(
(
¸
(

¸

+ ÷ ÷ = u u u

M1


(
¸
(

¸

|
.
|

\
|
+ ÷ ÷ ÷ =
10
3
7
6
4
3
0

M1


140
27
=

A1 [7]


4 Show that the differential equation
0
d
d
2
= ÷ + y xy
x
y
x
may be reduced by the substitution y = vx to the equation
. 0
d
d
2
= + x v
x
v


Hence, find y in terms of x, given that y = 1 when x = 1. [7 marks]

4
y = vx ¬
dx
dv
x v
dx
dy
+ = B1

0
d
d
2
= ÷ + y xy
x
y
x ¬ 0 ) (
2
= ÷ +
|
.
|

\
|
+ vx vx x
dx
dv
x v x …
¬ 0
d
d
2
= + x v
x
v

M1

A1


} }
= xdx v
v
d
1
2

M1

c
x
v
+ =
2
1
2
¬ c
x
y
x
+ =
2
2


A1

When x = 1, y = 1 : 1 =
2
1
+ c ¬ c =
2
1

M1


2
1
2
2
+ =
x
y
x
¬
1
2
2
+
=
x
x
y A1 [7]


5. If y
2
= 1 + sin x, show that
. 0 1
d
d
2
d
d
2
2
2
2
2
= ÷ +
|
.
|

\
|
+ y
x
y
x
y
y
Deduce an equation which has the term in
3
3
d
d
x
y
. Hence, obtain the expansion
of x sin 1+ in ascending powers of x up to the term in x
3
.
[10 marks]

5
y
2
= 1 + sin x ¬ x
dx
dy
y cos 2 =
B1

x
dx
dy
dx
y d
y sin 2 2
2
2
2
÷ =
|
.
|

\
|
+ M1

2
2
2
2
1 2 2 y
dx
dy
dx
y d
y ÷ =
|
.
|

\
|
+
0 1 2 2
2
2
2
2
= ÷ +
|
.
|

\
|
+ y
dx
dy
dx
y d
y



A1



0 2 4 2 2
2
2
2
2
3
3
= +
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|
+
dx
dy
y
dx
y d
dx
dy
dx
y d
dx
dy
dx
y d
y
.
0 3
2
2
3
3
= +
|
.
|

\
|
+
dx
dy
y
dx
y d
dx
dy
dx
y d
y

M1

A1



y(0) = 1, y’(0) =
2
1

B1

y”(0) = ÷
4
1
, y”’(0) = ÷
8
1

B1B1

y =  +
÷
+
÷
+ + = +
3 2
! 3
8
1
! 2
4
1
2
1
1 sin 1 x x x x
M1

 + ÷ ÷ + = +
3 2
48
1
8
1
2
1
1 sin 1 x x x x A1 [10]



6. Use the trapezium rule with 5 ordinates to find in surd form, an
approximate value for the integral
}
2
0
. d 3 x
x

and deduce that ln 3 ~ ). 3 2 ( 4 ÷ [6
marks]

6
{ } ) 3 3 3 3 ( 2 9 1
2
1
2
1
d 3
2
0
+ + + +
|
.
|

\
|
~
}
x
x

M1


3 2 4+ ~

A1


| |
3 ln
8
3
3 ln
1
ln3)d 3 (
3 ln
1
d 3
2
0
2
0
2
0
= =
}
~
}
x x x
x x

B1

3 ln
8
3 2 4+ ~

M1

ln 3 ~
3 2
3 2
3 2
4
÷
÷
×
+
M1

ln 3 ~ ) 3 2 ( 4 ÷ A1 [6]




Section B [15 marks]
Answer any one questions in this section.

7. State the equations of the asymptotes of the curve

.
) 1 (
1
2
2
÷
÷ =
x
y

[2 marks]
Hence sketch the graph of
.
) 1 (
1
2
2
÷
÷ =
x
y
By drawing an appropriate line, find
the number of real roots of the equation 2 –
2
) 1 (
1
÷ x
= 3x. [7 marks]
Taking x = 0.2 as the first approximation, use the Newton-Raphson method
to find the approximate root of the equation 2 –
2
) 1 (
1
÷ x
= 3x correct to 2 decimal
places. [6 marks]

7 Equations of asymptotes: x = 1, y = 2 B1B1
7

The two graphs intersect at only one point,
there is only one real root.
D1(correct shape with
two asymptotes)
D1(label x = 1, y = 2)
D1(any two points:(0, 1),

|
.
|

\
|
÷ 0 ,
2
1
1 ,
|
.
|

\
|
+ 0 ,
2
1
1 )
D1(perfect)
D1(graph y = 2x)
M1
A1



Let 2 3
) 1 (
1
) (
2
÷ +
÷
= x
x
x f
3
) 1 (
2
) ( '
3
+
÷
÷ =
x
x f


B1

x0 = 0.2,
1765 . 0
9063 . 6
1625 . 0
2 . 0
) 2 . 0 ( '
) 2 . 0 (
2 . 0
1
~ ÷ ~ ÷ ~
f
f
x ~ 0.18
M1A1

1759 . 0
) 1765 . 0 ( '
) 1765 . 0 (
1765 . 0
2
~ ÷ ~
f
f
x ~ 0.18
M1A1

x ~ 0.18
A1 [15]


8. In a chemical reaction, substance A is converted to substance B. Throughout
the reacton, the total mass of substance A and the substance B is a constant and
equal to m. The mass of substance B at the time t minutes after the start of the
chemical reaction is x.
At any instant, the rate of increase of the mass B is directly proportional to the
mass of A. Write a differential equation that connects x with t. [2 marks]
Solve this differential equation given that x = 0 when t = 0. [3 marks]
Given that
4
3
= x m when t = 8 ln 2, show that
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷ =
÷ t
m x
4
1
e 1 . [3 marks]
Hence
(a) find the value of x, in terms of m when t = 8 ln 3. [2 marks]
(b) find the least value of t for which x exceeds 99% of m, [2 marks]
(c) sketch the graph of x against t. [3 marks]

8
Mass of B = x, mass of A = m – x
) ( x m
dt
dx
÷ · ¬ ) ( x m k
dt
dx
÷ = , where k is a constant

M1A1


}
=
}
÷
kdt
x m
dx
) (

M1

÷ln (m – x) = kt + c, where c is a constant
When t = 0, x = 0: ÷ ln m = c: ÷ln (m – x) = kt – ln m

A1



kt
m
x m
÷
=
÷
e ¬ ) e 1 (
kt
m x
÷
÷ =
A1

When t = 8 ln 2, x = ¾ m:
) 2 ln 8 (
e
4
1
4
3
k
m
m m
÷
= =
÷

¬ ÷ ln 4 = ÷ (8 ln 2)k ¬
4
1
= k

M1

A1


) e 1 (
4
1
t
m x
÷
÷ =
A1

(a)
When t = 8 ln 3: m m x
9
8
) e 1 (
) 3 ln 8 (
4
1
= ÷ =
÷

M1A1

(b)
m x
100
99
> ¬
100
99
) e 1 (
4
1
> ÷
÷ t

M1

¬ 01 . 0 e
4
1
<
÷ t
¬ 01 . 0 ln
4
1
< ÷ t ¬ t > 18.42 ¬ t = 19 minutes
A1

(c)

D1(shape with asypmtote)
D1(label: x = m)
D1(perfect with point (8ln2, ¾ m)



[15]

CONFIDENTIAL*

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